(4) 1. URACH, O. Cist., Konrad von (ca. 1170/1180-1227)
Birth. Ca. 1170/1180, Zahringen (or Bad Urach), Germany. Son of Count Egino I der Bärtige von Urach and Agnes von Zähringen. He is also listed as Corrado d'Urach.
Education. (No information found).
Early life. Canon of the chapter of Saint-Lambert, Liège. Entered the Order of the Cistercians in Villers in 1199.
Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of Villers, Brabante, in 1209. Abbot of Clairvaux in 1214. Elected abbot of Cîteaux and superior general of his order in 1217 for two years; he proposed to the general chapter the daily singing of the Salve Regina.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Porto e S. Rufina in the consistory of January 8, 1219. Consecrated by Pope Honorius III (no further information found). Subscribed the papal bulls issued between August 7, 1219 and February 13, 1224; May 7 and August 9, 1227. Legate in France, 1220-1223, to combat the Albigenses. Legate in Spain. Legate in Germany, 1224-1226, for the crusade to the Holy Land; presided over a council in Cologne. Participated in the papal election of 1227, in which was elected Pope Gregory IX; he declined the election to the papacy. He was to follow the crusaders to the Holy Land but died while traveling in Bari.
Death. September 30, 1227 (1), Bari. His body was transferred to France and buried in a marble tomb in the monastery of Clairvaux (2).
Beatification. The Cistercians venerate him as a blessed (sanctitate et miraculis clarus) and celebrate his feast on September 30.
Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 37-240; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 60-62; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 115-116; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 5 and 36; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19)., I, 12; Willi, Dominicus. Päpste, Kardinäle und Bischöfe aus dem Cistercienser-Orden. Bregenz : Teutsch, 1912.
Links. Biography, in English; biography, in English; biographical entry, in English, under "September 29 Conrad + 1227"; biography, in Frenchbiography, in German; biography, in German; biography, in German; biography, in German; , in French, under "No 12. Le cardinal Conrad"; his image, mural by Andreas Meinrad von Au, 18th century, church of Sankt Martin, Messkirch, in Suabia, north of Costanza and near Bad Urach, possibly where the cardinal was born; another view of the same image; and his engraving.
(1) Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, I, 12, says that this is the date given by the necrology of the abbey of Clairvaux and the one of the abbey of Cîteaux indicates that he died on October 2, 1227.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from his biography in French, linked above:
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