The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241)
Consistory of September 1231 (III)
Celebrated in Rieti


(9) 1. PECORARA, O.Cist., Giacomo da (ca. 1170?-1244)

Birth. Ca. 1170, Cicogn, a hamlet in Pecorara, Piacenza. Of a noble family. He was probably uncle of Cardinal Giacomo da Castell'arquato (1251). His first name appears as Jacopo and Jacobus; and his last name as Pecorari and Pecoraria.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Cleric of the church of S. Donnino, Piacenza. Archdeacon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Ravenna 1211-1219. Went to France and entered the Order of the Cistercians at Clairvaux in Borgogne in 1215.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Returned to Rome. Penitentiary in the pontificate of Pope Honorius III. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota ca. 1227. Elected abbot of the monastery of Trois-Fontaines, near Clairvaux, in 1231.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory of September 1231; elected again on October 17, 1234; consecrated on March 15, 1235. Legate before Emperor Friedrich II, with Cardinal Oddone de Monferrato, in January 1232. Legate in Hungary, before July 1232 and the spring of 1234. Legate in Tuscany, May 1235. Legate in Lombardy, June 1236 to February 1237. Named vicar of Rome in 1238. Legate in Provence in September 1239. On his return to Rome, he was captured by Enzio, son of the emperor, and taken to Pisa with Cardinal Oddone de Monferrato (1); by taking them to that city, the emperor expected to impress the two cardinals favorably in order for them to mediate with the pope in the matter of his excomunication in 1239; after the death of Pope Gregory IX on August 22, 1241, the emperor had them transferred to Tivoli, near Anagni. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between May 5, 1234 and June 23, 1239; September 23, 1243 and April 26, 1244. Did not participate in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. At the beginning of March 1242, the two cardinals were transferred to Capua; the following month, after the death of Pope Celestine IV, they were again taken to Tivoli; he was freed in May 1243. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV. Named vicar of Rome again. He was very appreciated by the Romans, who called him an angel descended from heaven.

Death. June 25, 1244, Rome. Buried in the Cistercian monastery of Clairvaux, next to the tomb of St. Malachy (2); his head and a finger were deposited in a marble urn in the choir of the cathedral of Piacenza; three hundred and sixty years later, when the choir was remodeled, Bishop Claudio Ragone had them moved to the contiguous chapel of S. Martino (3).

Bibliography. Campi, Pietro Maria. Dell'historia ecclesiastica di Piacenza. 3 vols. Piacenza : TipLeCo, 1995. Note: Facs. repr. of the 1651 ed., p. 511: Index; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 253-256; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 86-87; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 118; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6 and 37; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 114-127.

Links. Biography, in Hungarian; brief biographical data, in English, under "June 25"; and his death and epitaph.

(1) On May 3, 1241, in front of Pisa, between the island of Montecristo and the Giglio, took place a famous battle between the Genovese, who were transporting numerous prelates to the council convoked by Pope Gregory IX in Rome, and the Pisans led by Enzio, son of Emperor Friedrich II. Among the prelates were Cardinals Giacomo da Pecorara, returning from France; and Oddone da Monferrato, returning from England; and future Cardinals Pierre de Colmieu, archbishop of Rouen; and John of Toledo, O.Cist. All the prisoners, except the two cardinals, were taken to Rocca di San Miniato; on June 10, 1241, they were transferred by sea to Naples, and then to Amalfi.
(2)This is the text of his epitaph placed on his tomb, taken from Campi, Dell'historia ecclesiastica di Piacenza, II, 180:

D.    O.    M.
F. IACOBO PECORARIÆ PLACENTINO
S. R. E. card. Amplissimo,
Episcop; Prænestino,
Qui, Federico II. Ecclesiam persequente,
Italiamque simul fœdum in modum lacerante,
Longobardica, Vngarica, Etrusca,
Gallica, & Hispanica Legationibus,
Gregorii IX. iussu egregie perfunctus;
Vrbis denum Vicarius
ab Innocentio IV. Pont. constitutus,
summa cum sanctitatis laude
ibidem cessit e vita
An. MCCXLIV.
Claravallemq; in Galiis delatus,
& prope S. Malachiam sepultus,
novissimam eo in loco tubam expectat:
Capitulum Placen. ob capitis eius fragmentum,
& digiti articulum hic reconditum,
Civi suo de terrena patria optime merito,
& pro æterna adipiscenda nullos non
labores, vincula, dirosq; carceres
diutissime perpesso,
Hoc pietatis, & grati animi extare voluit
monumentum. An. D. MDCXL.

(3) This is the inscription in the urn, taken from Campi, Dell'historia ecclesiastica di Piacenza, II, 179:

HIC REQVIESCIT PARS CAPITIS, ET DIGITI
IACOBI DE PECORARIA,
EPISC. PRENESTRINI
CARDINALIS ECCLESIÆ ROMANÆ.

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(10) 2. SULLY, Simon de (?-1232)

Birth. (No date found), Sully, France. Second of the five sons of Gilon II, sire de Sully (1), and Luce de Charenton. His first name is also listed as Simeon and Simeone; and his last name as de Solliaco.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Chantre of the metropolitan chapter of Bourges. Prior of Saint-Ursin.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Bourges in 1218. Consecrated (no information found). In December 1223, Pope Honorius III confirmed him the privilege of primacy of the province of Bourgogne. He celebrated a provincial synod in 1228.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in the consistory of September 1231 (2). Legate in France. He was present at the death of King Louis VIII of France in Montpensier, Auvergne, on November 12, 1226. His name does not appear in any of the papal bulls issued during his cardinalate.

Death. August 9, 1232 (3). Buried in the choir of the metropolitan cathedral of Bourges with a eulogy in Leonine verses engraved on a bronze plate (4).

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, II, 855; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 259-260; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 89-90; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 211-214; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 118; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6, 40 and 138; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), II, 537-539.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 211-214; biographical entry, in French, p. 855, B 2; his genealogy, A1 B1 C1 D2; another genealogy, no. 2 under "Gilles de Sully"; and two engravings.

(1) This is according to his second biography in French, linked above; his first genealogy, linked above, says that his father was Gilon III, sire de Sully; his second genealogy, also linked above, says that he was the second son of Gilles de Sully.
(2) All the sources consulted say that he was promoted to the cardinalate except Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, II, 537, who says that an onomastic confusion is the origin of the error of considering him a cardinal.
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 118; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 6, says that he died on June 25, 1232; this same source, p. 40, says that he died on August 9, 1232 and not on June 25, 1232; and on p. 138, says that he died on August 8, 1232; his second biography in French, linked above says that he died on August 8, 1232; his second genealogy, linked above, indicates that he died on July 8, 1232.
(4) This is the text of the epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 90:

Exuperans hostes Simon, en in Præsule Præses
Orator castus, patiens, sine crimine fastus:
Devotus Christo, tumula requiescit in iste.
Bis sexentenos octo quater egerat annos
Christus Homo, sexto sextiles euolat Idus.

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(11) 3. PONS, Raymond de (?- ca. 1232)

Birth. (No date found), Saintonge, France. Of a noble family. Son of Bretrand, seigneur de Pons, called le Fort, and Elizabeth de Toulouse.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Périgueux ca. 1220. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of 1231; his title is not known (1). He does not appear among the signatories of papal bulls issued in his time.

Death. Ca. 1232, (no place found). Buried (No information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 259; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 89; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 202; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 118; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6, note 9; and 397; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), II, 536.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 202.

(1) Several sources do not consider him a cardinal.

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