The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory IX (1227-1241)
Celebrated in Rome


(12) 1. ANNIBALDI, Riccardo (ca. 1200/1210-1276)

Birth. Ca. 12100/1210, Rome. Son of Annibaldo (or Pietro) Annibaldi and a sister of Pope Innocent III. Uncle of Cardinal Annibale d'Annibaldi, O.P. (1262). Relative (nephew?) of Pope Alexander IV. His last name is also listed as Annibaldo, Annibaldeschi di Molara and Annibaldi della Molara. Some sources confuse him with Cardinal Riccardo di Montecassino, O.S.B. (1255/1256).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria in the consistory of 1237 (1). Subscribed the papal bulls issued between April 15, 1239 and May 20, 1240; September 26, 1243 and July 22, 1254; April 9, 1255 and April 17, 1261; January 23, 1262 and January 30, 1264; February 26, 1265 and February 28, 1268; and the one on January 13, 1273. Rector de Campagna e Marittima, 1239-1249. Participated in the papal election of 1241, in which was elected Pope Celestine IV. Participated in the papal election of 1241-1243, in which was elected Pope Innocent IV. He remained in Italy when Pope Innocent IV escaped to Lyon in 1244. Vicar of Rome from 1251 until 1260. Sent with Cardinal Gian Gaetano Orsini to Florence to pacify the city in 1252. Cardinal protodeacon in 1254. Participated in the papal election of 1254, in which was elected his uncle Pope Alexander IV; as cardinal protodeacon, he crowned the new pope. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica from 1254 until his death. Participated in the papal election of 1261, in which was elected Pope Urban IV; he was one of the cardinals to whom was entrusted the election of the new pope by compromise. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV; he was one of the cardinals to whom was entrusted the election of the new pope by compromise. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; he was one of the six cardinals to whom was entrusted the election of the new pope by compromise. Did not participate in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. First protector of the Order of the Hermits of Saint Augustine (Augustinians).

Death. October 4, 1276 (2), Rome. Buried in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome (3)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 257-259; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 88-89, no. X; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 119, no. 15; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6, no. 12, and 49; Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia romana. A cura di Pietro Egidi. Roma : Forzani e c., tipografi del Senato, 1908-1914. (Fonti per la storia d'Italia, pub. dall' Istituto storico italiano; 44- Antichità. Secoli XI-), I, 152; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), I, 141-149.

Webgraphy. Biographical entry, in German; Cardinal Richard Annibaldi, first protector of the Augustinian Order by Francis Roth, traduzione di Angela Marziali; a cura di P. Mario Mattei O.S.A.; Augustiniana, II - 1952 / III - 1953, in Italian; biography by Stefania Spinelli, in Italian; and biography, in English, p. 1-5; Gli Annibaldi, in Italian; his tomb by Arnolfo di Cambio, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome (modern versions tend to consider it the tomb of a homonimous nephew, who died in 1289); detail of the statue in his tomb; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, pt. 2, 257; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 88; and all his biographies linked above; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 119; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 6 and 49, say that he was created cardinal in 1239.
(2) This is according to Necrologi e libri affini della Provincia romana, I, 152; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, pt. 2, 258 and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 88, no. X, say that he died in 1274, during the celebration of the general council of Lyon. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 6 and 49, says that he died in 1276, without giving day or month. Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, I, 149, says that he died on September 4, 1276.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 89:

MEMORIAE
RICHARDI ANNINALDENSIS
DE MOLARIA ROMANI.
S. R. E. ARCHIDICAONI CARD.
CREATVS ROMAE ANNO MCCXL.
OBIIT LVGDVNI
IN CONCILIO GENERALI ANNO
MCCLXXIV.


Roth, in his biography in Italian, linked above, says that the epitaph, which is on a simple sepulchral stone in the left nave of the patriarchal Laterna basilica, was composed in the pontificate of Pope Clement VIII, and gives erroneous dates of his promotion to the cardinalate (1240) and his death (1274).

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(13) 2. CASSARD, François (?-1237)

Birth. (No date found), Fayet, diocese of Grenoble, France. Of one of the oldest families of the Dauphiné. His last name is also listed as Caseard.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Tours, 1227; occupied the see until 1228 (1). Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Marino ai Monti in the consistory of 1237. He did not subscribe any papal bulls issued in his time.

Death. August 7, 1237, of a fall from a horse, Lyon. Buried in the Dominican church in Lyon (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 262; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 93-94; Cormier, Michel. L'ancien couvent des dominicains de Lyon. 2 vols. in 1. Lyon : Impr. E. Vitte, 1898-1900. Contents: I. Description, plans, vues diverses.--II. Sépultures et processions, I, 3; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 177 and 208; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 118-119; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6, note 9; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova : Antenore, 1972. (Italia sacra, 18-19), II, 524-526.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 208-210; his testament and epitaph, p. 177; his epitaph and arms, p. 3; and Liste des Évêques de Tours.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, 93; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 262; his epitaph, linked above; and the list of bishops of Tours, also linked above; neither Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 503; nor Pius Bonifatius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae (3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957), p. 640, list him among the occupants of that see.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, 93-94:

D.     O.     M.
Hic iacet Reverendus in Christo Pater, &
Dominus Franciscus Cassardi, utriusque iuris
Doctor, divina miseratione Archiepiscopus Turonensis
Sanctæ Romanæ Ecclesiæ Cardinalis,
sub titulo beati Martini, oriundo de
Fayeto, DiœGratianopolis, qui multa bona
dimisit in præsenti Religione, pro quibus
fundavit unam Missam quotidianam,
dicendam per dictos fratres, duo Anniversaria,
unum in sesto undecim millium Virginum;
& aliud in festo S. Francisci; qui obiit anno
Domini millesimo duecentesimo trigesimo septimo,
VIII. Idus Augusti.

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(14) 3. GUY (?- ca. 1239)

Birth. (No date found), England. His first name is also listed as Guido.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Curate in Grincford, diocese of Durham.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in the consistory of 1237 (1). He did not subscribe any papal bulls issued in his time.

Death. Ca. 1239, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 89; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 119; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 6, note 9.

(1) Some sources say that he is confused with Cardinal Guy de Bourgogne, O.Cist., abbot of Cíteaux, created cardinal by Pope Urban IV in 1262.

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