(1) 1. MONTECASSINO, O.S.B., Riccardo di (?-1262)
Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Riccardo Annibaldi.
Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in the monastery of Montecassino.
Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Abbot of the monastery of Montecassino in 1252.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Ciriaco alle Terme between August 17, 1255 and February 1, 1256 (1). Does not appear as signatory of any papal bulls. For having participated in the coronation of Manfredi in Palermo on August 10, 1258, he was deposed by Pope Alexander IV on August 10, 1259; the pontiff considered Manfredi an usurper; because of the friendship of the cardinal with the king, the former kept the government of the abbey until his death. Cardinal protoprete, at the end of 1261 (?).
Death. March 1, 1262, Montecassino. Buried in Montecassino.
Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 287-288; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 132; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 122; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 7; Paravicini Bagliani, Agostino. Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254. 2 vols. Padova, Antenore, 1972. (Italia Sacra ; 18-19), II, 545-551.
Webgraphy. Biographical information, in Italian, at the end of "Un 'Cardinale' all'inferno".
(1) This is according to his biographical data, linked above, which is based on a biography of the cardinal by Niccolò del Re published in Strenna dei Romanisti XLVII (1987), p.169-176, using the information provided by Benedictine palologist Mauro Inguanez (+ 1955). Unfortunately, no U.S. library has reporting holding that volume of the annual. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 131, says that he was promoted in December 10, 1253; and Francesco Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa (Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888), p. 143, indicates that he was created cardinal in December 1252. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 122, says that he is confused with Cardinal Riccardi Annibaldeschi di Molaria, O.S.B. (1239). Paravicini Bagliani, Cardinali di curia e "familiae" cardinalizie. Dal 1227 al 1254, II, doubts that he was ever promoted to the cardinalate.
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