The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Urban IV (1261-1264)
Consistory of December 17, 1261 (I)
Celebrated in Viterbo


(1) 1. FOUCOIS, Gui (ca. 1190/1200-1268)

Birth. Ca. 1190/1200, Sanit-Gilles-sur-Rhône, diocese of Nîmes, France. Son of Pierre, a successful lawyer, and Marguerite Ruffi. After the death of the cardinal's mother, the father entered the Order of the Carthusians. He is also listed as Gui Faucoi le Gros; Guy Foulques the Fat; Guido Le Gros; and Guido Fulcodi il Grosso. His last name is also listed as Fulcodii, Fulcadi, Fulcaudi, Folcadio, Foulquet, Fulcoy, Foucault, Fulcoli, Foulquois, Foulquoys, Foulques, Foulquet, Fulchox, Fouquet, Folqueys, Folquet, Faucauly, Grossus and Le Gros (perhaps a nickname because of his weight).

Education. Studied law in Toulouse, Bourges and Orléans.

Early life. At 19, he enrolled in Spain to fight against the Moors. Later, he pursued his studies. He became a celebre advocate in Paris. Counselor and secretary of King Louis IX of France. He married the daughter of Simon de Malbois and had two daughters, who later became nuns at the abbey of Saint-Sauveur de Nîmes; after the death of his wife, he entered the ecclesiastical state (1).

Sacred orders. He became a cleric in 1247.

Priesthood. Ordained in the abbey of Saint-Magloire, Paris (no further information found). Garde des sceaux of France. Pastor of Saint-Gilles in 1255. Canon and archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Le Puy.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Le Puy by its cathedral chapter in 1257; confirmed by the pope on October 19, 1257; enthroned in January 1258. Consecrated (no information found). Promoted to the metropolitan see of Narbonne, October 10, 1259 occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Sabina in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1264. Named grand penitentiary in 1263. On November 22, 1263, he was named legate in England, Wales and Ireland. Did not participate in the papal election of 1264-1265, and was elected pope; at the time of the celebration of the papal election he was in a mission in England.

Papacy. Elected pope in Perugia on February 5, 1265. Took the name Clement IV. Crowned, September 15, 1265, cathedral of S. Pietro in Viterbo, by Cardinal Riccardo Annibaldeschi, O.S.B., protodeacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria. He died without ever visiting Rome. He created one cardinal in one consistory.

Death. November 29, 1268, Viterbo. Buried in the church of S. Francesco, Viterbo.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 292-294; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 156-157 and 165-176; Del Re, Niccolò. "Clemente IV." Monsignor governatore di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romani Editore, 1972, p. 277-278; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 263-268; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 123; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 38, 91 and 356; Kamp, Norman. "Clemente IV."Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 401-411; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 196-197.

Links. Biography, in English; his image and biography, in English (Britannica); biography, in English; his image and biography, in English; biography, in English; his engraving and biography, in French, p. 263-268; his image and biography, in French; biography, in German; his portrait, attributed to Giuseppe Franchi, Pinacoteca Amrosiana, Milan; miniature in an illuminated manuscript, crowning King Carlo d'Anjou of Sicily; his image, 13th century mural; another view of the previous image, in color; his engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; nother engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; engraving, Magyar Katolikus Lexikon, two engravings, as pope and as cardinal; engraving, as pope; six engravings; and his tomb, church of S. Francesco, Viterbo.

(1) Some sources indicate that he also became a Carthusian.

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(2) 2. GROSPARMI, Raoul (?-1270)

Birth. (No date found), Périers, diocese of Coutances, France. Of an illustrious family. His first name is also listed as Radulfus; and his last name Grosparmy. He is sometimes identified with Raoul de Chevrières, who was his successor in the see of Evreux, but never a cardinal.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Bayeux. Treasurer of Saint-Frambault (Frambaud or Frambours) de Senlis. Guardian of Saint Fursy de Peronne. Dean of the chapter of Saint-Martin de Tours, archdiocese of Nicosia. Chancellor of King Louis IX of France, future saint, 1253, 1258 and 1260.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Évreux in 1259 (1); resigned the see in 1263. Consecrated, October 19, 1259, church of Saint-Taurin, by Eude Rigaldi, O.F.M., archbishop of Rouen, assisted by Fulco d'Astin, bishop of Lisieux, Jean d'Essay, bishop of Coutances, and Thomas d'Aulon, bishop of Sées; in the presence of King Louis IX of France and his children, the archbishop of Reims, the bishop of Orléans, and Simon de Montfort, count of Leicester. Ambassador of France before the pope in 1260.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Albano in the consistory of December 17, 1261. In January 1262, the king of France notified the archbishop of Rouen the promotion to the cardinalate of Bishop Grosparmi. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 until January 30, 1264; and February 26 to November 4, 1265. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Legate in Sicily in 1265. In 1270, he was named apostolic legate and accompanied King Louis IX of France in his expedition overseas to Tunis to fight the infidels; he died under the walls of that city, during the vacant see of Pope Clement IV.

Death. August 10, 1270, of the plague, Tunis. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 272; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 297-299; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 157-158; Chassant, Alphonse. "Raoul III (de Grosparmi)." Histoire des évêques d'Évreux : avec des notes et des armoiries. Évreux : Louis Tavernier, 1846, p. 69-71; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 249-255; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 123; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 35 and 234.

Links. His engraving and biography, p. 249-255; biography, in French, p. 69-71; biographical entry, on French, p. 272; and two engravings.

(1) At the death of Bishop Jean de la Cour d'Aubergenville of Évreux in 1256, the canons of the cathedral chapter had requested and obtained from the king the faculty of electing the new bishop. hey elected at the same time Raoul Grosparmi, canon of Bayeux, and Raoul d'Aubusson, canon of the same chapter. The second one, who did not please the king or the pope, ceded to Canon Grosparmi.

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(3) 3. PALTINERI, Simone (ca. 1200-1277)

Birth. Ca. 1200, Monselice, near Padua. Of a noble and powerful family. He is also listed as Simone de Pactineris "il Papalino"; and his last name as Paltinieri, Paltaneri and Paltanieri.

Education. Maestro in decretals (canon law) at the University of Padua.

Early life. Archpriest of S. Giustina, Monselice, 1234. Citizen of Padua and canon of its cathedral chapter ca. 1238.

Episcopate. Administrator of the see of Aversa, November 17, 1254 until ca. 1259 (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Slandered before the pope, in January and February 1262, he was ordered not to wear the red hat and the cardinalitial insignias pending a papal inquest; he was rehabilitated. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1264; January 11 and February 28, 1268; and August 31, 1272 and April 1, 1275. Cardinal protoprete in 1262. Legate in Umbria, Pisa, Tuscany, Venice and Lombardy. He obtained the peace between Perugia and Assisi; reorganized the papal forces in the Piceno after the army of Manfredi had defeated them, obtaining a vast legatine jurisdiction in a great part of Italy; in that capacity, he decided and adjudicated with wisdom very complex questions. Did not participate in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. The new pope confirmed him in several offices; asked him to lead a crusade in the patriarchate of Grado against Manfredi and the Saracens of Lucera; and entrusted him the delicate role of pacifier. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; after a vacancy of almost three years, the electors decided for a compromise and asked six cardinals to nominate the new pontiff; among them, Cardinal Paltineri was the arbiter and to him was entrusted the agreement for the the final selection. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. He prepared his testament on February 7, 1277, probably in the house of Bonifacio di Benvenuto, in Viterbo, where he resided.

Death. Shortly after February 7, 1277 (2), Viterbo. Buried in the cathedral of S. Lorenzo, Viterbo

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 299-300; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 158; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 123; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 46 and 122.

Links. Biography, in Italian, in "IL DUECENTO ", under "Simone PALTANIERI (1200-1277)"; and biographical data, in Italian, last on page, under "Card. Simone de Pactineris "il Papalino".

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 122; his first biography in Italian, linked above says that, besides administrator, he was also bishop of Aversa and that he resigned the see in 1256.
(2) His biography in Italian, linked above, says that he prepared his testament on February 7, 1277 and that a letter from the pope in February 1277, refers to him a "teste defunto", therefore, he must have died after the 7th and before February ended; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 129, says that he died shortly before November 25, 1277 (election of Pope Nicholas III); Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, 300, says that he died in 1276; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 8 and 46, says that he died in1277.

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(4) 4. BRION, Simon de (ca. 1210/1230-1285)

Birth. Ca. 1210/1230, château of Mainpincien (or Montpensier, Montpincien, Mompitié, Mompizio, Mompitius, Meinpicien) in Andrezel, Brie, France (1). Relative of the counts of Champagne. Son of Jean de Brion, grand maire of Donnemarie. His first name is also listed as Simeon; and his last name as Brie and Mainpincien.

Education. Studied at the University of Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained in Rouen (no further information found). Treasurer of the royal chapter of Saint-Martin de Tours. Canon of the chapter of the metropolitan cathedral of Tours. Auditor of the Sacred Palace, 1235 to 1244 (?). Canon of the chapter of Saint-Quentin in 1238. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Rouen in 1248. Counselor of King Louis IX of France, future saint, 1259. Postulated bishop of Le Puy by the cathedral chapter in 1259; he refused. Chancellor of France, 1260 to 1261.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between November 13, 1363 and January 30, 1264; and August 31, 1272 and September 10, 1274. Legate of Pope Urban IV in France; confirmed in his charge in 1265 by the new Pope Clement IV; and on August 1, 1274, by Pope Gregory X. Did not participate in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. On March 3, 1275, he was given the power to absolve King Philippe le Hardy of France of censures because of his war against King Alfonso of Castilla. Did not participate in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. Did not participate in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Did not participate in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III. On April 23, 1279, the pope reprehended him severely for not having stopped the hastiludes in France. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on February 22, 1281. Took the name Martin IV (2). Consecrated bishop of Rome, basilica of S. Andrea in Orvieto, March 23, 1281, by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini, O.P., bishop of Ostia e Velletri. Crowned, March 23, 1281, basilica of S. Andrea in Orvieto, by Cardinal Giacomo Savelli, protodeacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin. Dante Alighieri, in "The Divine Comedy", placed him in purgatory for gluttony. He created seven cardinals in one consistory.

Death. March 28, 1285, Perugia. Buried in the cathedral of Perugia. Several authors indicate that miracles happened at his tomb and give him the title of saint but he does not figure in the Martyrology.

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire généalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 272; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 303-305; Cerrini, Simonetta. "Martino IV." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 446-449; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 161 and 231-244; Del Re, Niccolò. "Martino IV." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 687-688; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 283-288; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 123; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 10 and 40; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 202-204.

Links. Biography, in English; biography, in English (Britannica); his engraving and biography, in French, p. 283-288; biography, in German; his image and biography, in English; biography, in French; his image and biography, in French; biographical entry, in French, p. 272; biography, in French; his image, arms and biography, in French; biography, in French; miniature in an illuminated manuscript, receiving King Phiippe II "the Bold" of France; his effigy, on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic; his engraving, Biblioteca comunale dell'Archiginnasio, Bologna; his engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; two engravings, as cardinal and as pope; another engraving, as pope; and another six engravings.

(1) The sources, both printed and electronic, vary widely concerning his place of birth: Brion, archdiocese of Sens; Bria; Brie, Seine-et-Marne; Montpensier in the old French province of Touraine; château of Meinpicien in the province of Touraine; Touraine (rather than in Brie), Seuilly, in Ballan-Miréi in the château de la Carte or in Reignac; and château de la Carte, seigneurie of the commune of Ballan.
(2) He took the name Martin IV instead of Martin II by an error that misread the names of the two popes named Marinus as Martin II and III. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col 231-244, refers to him as "Martinus II. dictus IV".

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(5) 5. COCCONATO, Uberto di (?-1276)

Birth. (No date found), Cocconato, a sovereign county near Monferrato.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 23, 1262 and January 30, 1264; September 24, 1265 and February 28, 1268; August 31, 1272 and April 1, 1275. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. He bought the stronghold of Orbetello from the duchess of Tuscany. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. He formed part of the group who opposed the increasing influence of Charles d'Anjou.

Death. July 13, 1276 (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 301-302; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 159-160; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 49.

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(6) 6. SAVELLI, Giacomo (ca. 1210-1287)

Birth. Ca. 1210, Rome. Of one of the most important Roman families of the 13th century. Son of Senator Luca Savelli and Giovanna Aldobrandeschi, of the counts of S. Fiora. Nephew of Cardinal Tommaso da Capua (1216). Cousin of Cardinal Giovanni Boccamazza (1285). Other members of the family included Cardinals Bertrando Savelli (1216); Giovanni Battista Savelli (1480); Giacomo Savelli (1539) Silvio Savelli (1596); Giulio Savelli (1615); Fabrizio Savelli (1647); Paolo Savelli (1664); and Domenico Savelli (1853). His first name is also listed as Giacopo.

Education. Studied at the University of Paris.

Early life. He was married and after the death of his wife, he entered the ecclesiastical state; one of his children became podestà of Urbino and died before 1279; another child became Roman senator and died in 1306. Canon prebendary of the cathedral chapter of Châlon-sur-Marne. Rector of the church of Barton Mills, Suffolk. Member of the family of Cardinal John of Toledo, as cleric. Apostolic subdeacon and papal chaplain of Pope Innocent IV. On February 13, 1254, the pope granted him the commendam of the title of S. Anastasia.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 23, 1262 and January 30, 1264; February 26, 1265 and February 28, 1268; August 31, 1272 and April 1, 1275; February 3 and June 28, 1279; and on May 5, 1274. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; he was one of the six cardinals to whom it was entrusted the election of the new pope by compromise. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Legate in Viterbo (Province of the Patrimony) until the death of Pope Adrian V. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III; he crowned the new pope. He was named to numerous other legations. Cardinal protodeacon in 1277. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281, which elected Pope Martin IV; he crowned the new pope. Participated in the conclave of 1285 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on April 2, 1285. Took the name Honorius IV. Ordained priest in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Consecrated bishop of Rome, May 20, 1285, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini, O.P., bishop of Ostia e Velletri. Crowned, May 20, 1285, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Goffredo d'Alatri, protodeacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro. He created one cardinal in one consistory.

Death. April 3, 1287, monastery of S. Sabina, Rome. Buried in the patriarchal Vatican basilica, next to the Pope Nicholas III; later, ca. 1540, in the pontificate of Pope Paul III, his remains and statue, attributed to Arnolfo di Cambio, were transferred to the tomb of his mother in the church of S. Maria in Aracoeli, Rome, where it still is.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 302; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 160 and 245-254; Guglielmi, Felice. "Onorio IV." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p.746-747; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 10-11 and 51; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 204-205; Venditelli, Marco. "Onorio IV.". Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 449-455.

Links. Biography by Michael Ott, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography, in English (Britannica); biography by Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; engraving, cameo and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his image and biography, in Italian, cronologia.leonardo; his image and biography, in English, Sts. Martha and Mary Parish, Mississauga, ON, Canada; The Savelli family, in Danish, Annas Rom Guide; The Savelli family by Norbert M. Borengässer, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; his engraving, as cardinal, Araldica Vaticana; his engraving as pope, Araldica Vaticana; another engraving as pope, Magyar Katolikus Lexikon; his arms, church of S. Maria in Aracoeli, Rome, Baroque Rome in the etchings of Giuseppe Vasi; and his tomb, church of S. Maria in Aracoeli, Rome, The Australian Natiobal University; detail of his jascent statue in his tomb, Art and Architecture Web Site; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, from the same source; his engraving, also from the same source.

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(7) 7. ALATRI, Goffredo da (?-1287)

Birth. (No date found), Alatri. Of a noble family. He is also listed as Gottifredo di Raynaldo and Gaufridus Alatrinus.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Alatri. Apostolic subdeacon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro in the consistory of December 17, 1261. Subscribed the papal bulls issued from January 23, 1262 to February 16, 1263; February 26, 1265 to February 28, 1268; August 31, 1272 to April 1, 1275; February 3 to June 28, 1279; on May 5, 1284; and September 17, 1285 to June 11, 1286. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent V. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281, which elected Pope Martin IV. In 1284, he founded and endowed the church of S. Stefano in Alatri. On September 24, 1284, he was named protector of the abbey of S. Andrea delle Frate, Rome. Participated in the conclave of 1285, which elected Pope Honorius IV; he crowned the new pope. Cardinal protodeacon in 1285. Podestà of Alatri from 1286 to 1287.

Death. Before April 3, 1287, probably of the plague, at an advanced age, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 302-303; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 160; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 50.

Link. Biography, in Italian, Wikipidia.

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