The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Urban IV (1261-1264)
Consistory of May 22, 1262 (II)
Celebrated in Viterbo


(8) 1. BARTOLOMEI DI SUSA, Enrico (ca. 1194/1200-1271)

Birth. Ca. 1194/1200, Susa, diocese of Turin, Piedmont (1). He is also listed as Henry de Segusio, Henri de Suza; Henri de Bartolomæis de Suze; Heinrich von Segusio; Henricus de Segusio; and Enrico Bartolommei di Susa; and his last name is also listed as Bartholomei, Segusia, Ostiense and Hostiense (2).

Education. Studied Roman and canon law at the University of Bologna; maestro in utroque iure; he was also educated in the Classics.

Early life. Professor of law at the Universities of Bologna and Paris. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Vienne. In 1238, he accompanied Cardinal Ottone di Montferrato to England; he was very well received by King Henry III, who sent him before Pope Innocent IV to request the deposition of the bishop of Winchester; his mission failed; he resigned the priorate of the hospital of Holy Cross (the king had named him to that post) and returned to France. Provost of Graz. Archdeacon of Embrun. Papal chaplain.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Sisteron in 1244. Consecrated (no information found). In 1247, he was present at the foundation of the Dominican convent in Baume-les-Sisteron, made by Béatrix de Savoie, countess of Provence. On December 2, 1249, he was in Lyon, where the canons of Sisteron and those of Forcalquier disputed the right to elect the bishop; he decided in favor of the latter chapter. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Embrun in 1250; he convoked and presided a provincial council in Seyne on November 3, 1267; the assembly published twelve canons on ecclesiastical discipline; occupied the see until 1267 (3).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Ostia e Velletri in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1264; and September 24, 1265 and February 28, 1268. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Legate in Lombardy and Piedmont. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; resigned his rights as an elector and left the electoral meeting on June 8, 1270; old and ill, he lived to see the election of Gregory X but died a few weeks later. He prepared his will on October 3 (or 29), 1271, in Viterbo; he expressed his desire to be buried in the Dominican church of that city; or in the metropolitan cathedral of the ecclesiastical province where he would die. Some sources consider him the most important and brilliant canonist of the 13th century. His works are Lectura in Decretales Gregorii IX; Summa super titulis Decretalium, which is also known as Summa archiepiscopi or Summa aurea; and Lectura in Decretales Innocentii IV. Because of his works, he was called "Monarcha juris, lumen lucidissimum Decretorum". Dante Alighieri, in "The Divine Comedy", mentions him as Ostiense in the verses in which Saint Bonaventure says of Saint Dominic: "Ne per lo mondo per qui mo s'affana//Diretro ad Ostiense ed a Taddeo//Ma per amor della verace manna."

Death. October 25 (or November 6), 1271, Lyon (4). Buried in the convent of the Dominicans in that city.

Bibliography. Albanès, Joseph Mathias Hyacinthe ; Chevalier, Ulysse. Gallia christiana novissima. Histoire des archevêchés, évêques et abbayes de France. 7 vols. 1895-1920. Other Title : Gallia Christiana. Responsibility: D'après les documents authentiques recueillis dans les registres du Vatican et les archives locales. Complétée, annotée et publiée par le chanoine Ulysse Chevalier, I, pt. 1, col. 712-714; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 294-297; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 157-158; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 247-248; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8, 35, 234 and 454; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, I, pt. 2, 48-58; Fornier, Marcellin ; Juvénis, Raymond ; Albert, Antoine ; Guillaume, Paul. Histoire générales des Alpes Maritimes ov Cottiènes, et pertievlière de levr métropolitaine Ambrvn; chronographiqve et meslée de la séevlière avec l'ecclésiastiqve, divisée en cinq parties fort abondantes en diverses belles evriositez. 3 vols. Paris, H. Champion, 1890 1892. Notes: "Publiée par l'abbé Paul Guillaume."/ Vol. 3 has title: Histoire générale des Alpes Maritimes ov Cottiènes ... Continuation par Raymond Juvénis et Antoine Albert, avec appendice et table générale, II, 1-43; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 548; Watt, John A. "The constitutional law of the College of Cardinals: Hostiense to Joannes Andreæ", Mediaeval Studies, XXIII (1971), pp.127-157; Watt, John A. "Hostiensis on Per Venerabilem : The role of the College of Cardinals." Authority and power: studies on medieval law and government presented to Walter Ullmann on his seventieth birthday. Edited by Brian Tierney and Peter Linehan. Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1980, pp. 99-113.

Webgraphy. Biography by Alphonse Van Hove, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography by Ken Pennington, in English, The Catholic University of America; biography by Kenneth Pennington, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 42 (1993), Treccani; his engraving and biography, in French, by François Duchesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois de naissance : ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat, (1660), volume 1, p. 247-248; biography by Honoré Fisquet, La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'` nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique (1864-1873. Digne - 2e partie, p. 48-58; biography by Marcellin Fornier, Histoire générale des Alpes Maritimes ou Cottiènes : et particulière de leur métropolitaine, Ambrunin, Paris : H. Champion (1890-1892), partie cinquième, p. 1-43; biography by Joseph Hyacinthe Albanès, Gallia christiana novissima. Histoire des archevêchés, évêques et abbayes de France. AIX / d'après les documents authentiques recueillis dans les registres du Vatican et les archives locales. Province d'Aix, diocèse de Sisteron. Montbéliard : P. Hoffmann, 1899-1920, p. 712-714; Enrico Bartolomei di Susa, He[i]nricus da Segusia, genannt ' Hostienis' by Jörg Müller, Münich, in German; his arms and engraving, Araldica Vaticana; and another engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

(1) Several French sources list him among the French cardinals.
(2) His second biography in English, linked above, says that "There is no contemporary evidence that he was born in the family de Bartholomeis as some authors have asserted."
(3) This is according to Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, p. 548, which says that he celebrated a provincial council in 1267 and was succeeded by Archbishop Melchior in that same year; the same sources indicates that Archbishop Melchior was succeeded by Archbishop Jaobo Ii Serène in 1275. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 234, says that he was succeeded by Archbishop Jacobus Serene on February 8, 1263, and notes what Gams says about the successors. Honoré, La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France, 2nd part, p. 56, says that he was succeeded by Archbishop Melchior in 1267
(4) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 124; his third biography in French, col. 714, linked above, says that he died in Rome; his third biography in English says that it is not certain where did he die but that he prepared his will in Viterbo four days before his death and that he may have been buried in either Viterbo or Perugia; his first biography in French, p. 248, linked above, says that he died in Lyon in 1267.

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(9) 2. PANTALÉON, Anchero (ca. 1210-1286)

Birth. Ca. 1210, Troyes, France. Nephew of Pope Urban IV. He is also listed as Anchier Pantaléon de Troyes and Antero de Troyes.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Bayeux. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Laon. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris; later, its archdeacon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prassede in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 13, 1264; February 26, 1265 and February 28, 1268; August 31, 1272 and April 1, 1275; August 2, 1278 and June 28, 1279; August 31, 1272 and April 1, 1275; August 2, 1278 and June 28, 1279; May 5, 1284 and September 17, 1285; September 17, 1285 and May 1, 1286. Prebendary of the cathedral chapters of York and Salisbury. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. In 1266, he was named legate, with four other cardinals, to crown Charles of France, king of Sicily. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent VI. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III. Cardinal protoprete in 1277. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281, which elected Pope Martin IV. Participated in the conclave of 1285, which elected Pope Honorius IV. He founded a collegiate church with twelve canons.

Death. November 1, 1286 Rome. Buried in the church of S. Prassede, Rome (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 300-301; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 159; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 256-258; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 45.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 256-258; sketch of his tomb and biographical information, in Danish; his tomb in the church of S. Prassede, Rome; detail of the statue in his tomb, attributed to Arnolfo da Cambio; another vie of the statue, in color.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 159:

Qui legis Ancherum duro sub marmore claudi,
Si nescis Aldi, quem vere perdis horum.
Treca parit puerum, Laudunum dat sibi Clerum,
Cardine Praxidis titulatur, & istius ædis.
Defuit in Cœlis, largus fuit, atque fidelis
Dæmnis ætelis, serva Deus hunc quoque Cœlis
Anno milleno centum bis, & octuageno
Sexto decessit hic prima luce Novembris.

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(10) 3. BRAY, Guillaume de (?-1282)

Birth. (No date found), Bray, archdiocese of Sens, France. His last name is also listed as Braye.

Education. Maître in theology.

Early life. Dean of the cathedral chapter of Laon. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Reims. He was a celebre mathematician, jurisconsult and poet.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between May 24, 1262 and January 13, 1264; February 26, 1265 and February 28, 1268; August 31, 1272 and March 23, 1275; August 2, 1278 and February 3, 1279. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1272. Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent VI. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281, which elected Pope Martin IV.

Death. April 29, 1282, Orvieto. Buried in the Dominican Convent, Orvieto (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 303; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 160-161; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 259-260; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 124-125; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 44.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 259-260; his tomb by Arnolfo di Cambio, in the Dominican convent of Orvieto; another view of his tomb; detail of the statue in his tomb; another detailed view of the statue in his tomb; Il monumento De Braye by Raffaele Davanzo, Lettera Orvietana, Quadrimestrale d'informazione culturale dell'Istituto Storico Artistico Orvietano, Anno VI N. 13-14 giugno 2005, p. 9-11, in Italian; and two engravings.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 159-160:

Sit Christo gratus hic Guillelmus tumulatus
De Braie natus, Marci titulo decoratus
Sit per te Marce Cœli Guillelmus in arce
Quæso non pace Deus omniptens sibi parce.
Francia plange virum, mor istius tibi mirum
Defectum pariet, quia vox familis sibi fiet.
Defteat hanc Synderesis, beu mihi quam Themesis
Bis sexcentemus binus, bis bisque vicemus
Annus erat Christi, quando mors affuit isti.
Obijt tertie Kalendas Maij.

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(11) 4. BOURGOGNE, O.Cist., Guy de (?-1272)

Birth. (No date found), Bourgogne, France. His first name is also listed as Guido; and his last name as Borgogna.

Education. Entered the Order of the Cistercians.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Elected 24th abbot of Cîteaux in 1257. He was very esteemed by Pope Urban IV.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1264; February 26, 1265 and February 28, 1268. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Legate in France in 1265. In 1266, he was legate in Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Saxony, and Germany; he celebrated synods or councils in Lubeck, Breslau, Bremen, and Cologne; on May 10, 1267, he presided over a council in Vienne; in June 1267, he was solemnly received in Kraków; he celebrated a synod in Breslau on February 2, 1268. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; he was one of the six cardinals to whom it was entrusted the election of the new pope by compromise.

Death. May 20, 1272, Rome (1). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 305-307; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 161-162; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 261-262; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 125; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 43.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 261-262; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 125; his biography in French, linked above, says that he died, of the plague, on May 20, 1272 during the celebration of the Second Council of Lyon, but the council took place in 1274; the Cistercian menology (May 27) indicates that he died in Lyon.

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(12) 5. ANNIBALDI, O.P., Annibale d' (ca. 1220/1230 -1272)

Birth. Ca. 1220/1230, near Rome. Son of Annibale d'Anibaldi, Roman senator. Nephew of Cardinal Riccardo Annibaldi (1237). He is also listed as Hannibaldus of Hannibaldus; his first name is also listed as Anibale; and his last name as Annibaldo, Annibaldeschi di Molara and Annibaldi della Molara.

Education. Entered in the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) in the novitiate of S. Sabina, Rome, 1253; he was already a cleric. Maestro in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of law at the University of Paris. Master of the Sacred Palace in 1260.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between November 13, 1263 and January 13, 1264; February 26, 1265 and January 13, 1267. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Legate of the new pope, he received the oath of obedience from King Carlo d'Anjou of Sicily before his coronation. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Author of Commentaire des livres du Maitre des sentences, which was attributed to Tommaso d'Aquino, future saint, to whom he dedicated the second part of his Catena aurea.

Death. 1272, Orvieto. Buried in the Dominican convent in that city (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 307-308; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 162-163; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 125; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 39.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; biographical data, in English; Gli Annibaldi, in Italian; he appears on page 8 (43); his image, fresco in the former Dominican convent, Treviso; and his engraving.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 163:

Vrbs genitrix, genus Hannibladum, fors Presbyter, ordo
Dominicis; fons divinus, Prælatio, Cardo,
Quem decorat titulo duodecim Apostolorum.

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(13) 6. PIRONTI, Giordano (?-1269)

Birth. (No date found), Terracina. Of the counts of Terracina. He is also listed as Jordan Conti Pirunti; and his last name as Pirunto Conti. Relative of Cardinal Teobaldo di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1275).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. During the pontificates of Popes Innocent IV and Alexander IV, he was apostolic subdeacon of the Holy Roman Church; and also notary of the Holy Roman Church; he signed as such on June 12, 1256. Rector of Campagna in 1253. Rector of Marittima in 1259. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from November 20, 1257 until July 5, 1262.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1964; February 26, 1265 and July 15, 1267. Governor of the province of Campagna in the pontificates of Popes Urban IV and Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X; died during its celebration.

Death. October 1269, during the vacant see of Pope Clement IV, Viterbo. Buried in the church of S. Francesco, Viterbo (1). Part of the church was demolished in 1944 during a bombardment in the Second World War. Today the slab is affixed to a wall in the right transept of the church.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 307; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 162; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 125; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 49; Guardo, Marco. Titulus e tumulus. Epitafi di pontifici e cardinali alla corte dei papi del XIII secolo. Roma : Viella, 2008, p. 59-68.

Webgraphy. Famiglia Pironti, in Italian, Nobili Napoletani, there is a brief mention of the cardinal toward the middle of the page; arms and history of the Pironti family, in Italian, Ravello e le sue chiese; another page of the Pironti family, in Italian, Wikipedia; and his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from, Guardo, Titulus e tumulus. Epitafi di pontifici e cardinali alla corte dei papi del XIII secolo, p. 59:

ELOQVII FLVMEN AC IVRIS VTRVMQ VOLVMEN
ORBANTVR MVLTO LARE TE IORDANE SEPVLTO
TV VIR [.]S INSVETVS PRVD[...] PLERISQ FACETVS
VENVSTVS PLENVS PIE[...... .]ELIS AMENVS
VNDE TIBI FAVI[ - - - ] IPSE [.]OCAVIT
IN CANCELLANDI [ - - - ]E NOTANDI
PATRIA NATALIS TIBI TERRACENA LOCALIS

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(14) 7. ORSINI, Matteo (ca. 1230-1305)

Birth. Ca. 1230, Rome. Of a noble family. Son of Gentile Orsini and his wife Costanza. Nephew of Pope Nicholas III. Nephew of Cardinal Giordano Orsini (1278). Cousin of Cardinal Latino Malabranca Orsini, O.P. (1278). He was called Rossi or le Rouge. His family gave the Church another two popes and several cardinals: Celestine III (1191-1198); Benedict XIII (1724-1730); Napoleone Orsini (1288); Francesco Napoleone Orsini (1295); Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (1316); Matteo Orsini, O.P. (1327); Rinaldo Orsini (1350); Giacomo Orsini (1371); Poncello Orsini (1378); Tommaso Orsini (1383?); Giordano Orsini, iuniore (1405); Latino Orsini (1448); Cosma Orsini, O.S.B. (1480); Giovanni Battista Orsini (1483); Franciotto Orsini (1517); Flavio Orsini (1565); Alessandro Orsini (1615); Virginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1641); and Domenico Orsini d'Aragona (1743).

Education. Studied at the Universities of Paris and Bologna.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in the consistory of May 22, 1262. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between January 9, 1263 and January 30, 1264; February 26, 1265 and July 5, 1266; August 31, 1272 and March 23, 1275; February 3 and June 28, 1279; May 1 and June 11, 1286; September 3, 1288 and September 22, 1291; and June 21, 1295 and February 16, 1302. Legate, in 1264, in the provinces of the Patrimony and of Marches; he defended them against Pietro de Vico, who had allied himself with Manfredi. Participated in the papal election of 1264-1265, in which was elected Pope Clement IV. Participated in the papal election of 1268-1271, in which was elected Pope Gregory X. Participated in the Second Council of Lyon (1274). Participated in the first conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Innocent VI. Participated in the second conclave of 1276, which elected Pope Adrian V. Participated in the third conclave of 1276, which elected Pope John XXI. Participated in the conclave of 1277, which elected Pope Nicholas III. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1277. Superintendent of the Hospice of Spirito Santo in Sassia, Rome. Protector of the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) and of the Order of Saint Claire (Clarisses) in 1279. Participated in the conclave of 1280-1281, which elected Pope Martin IV; he was removed with his uncle, Cardinal Giordano Orsini, by representatives of the people of Viterbo, instigated by the marshall of the conclave, Annibaldi, from the area of the episcopal palace where the election was taking place because they were said to be impeding the election of a new pope; they were released after the election of the new pope; the pope later reconciled with the two cardinals. Participated in the conclave of 1285, which elected Pope Honorius IV. Commendatario of the title of S. Maria in Trastevere in 1285. Cardinal protodeacon in 1287. Participated in the conclave of 1287-1288, which elected Pope Nicholas IV. Participated in the conclave of 1292-1294, which elected Pope Celestine V. Participated in the conclave of 1294 and was elected pope in the first ballot but refused and Cardinal Benedetto Caetani, seniore, who became Pope Boniface VIII, was elected in the third one. He remained loyal to Pope Boniface VIII during the pontiff's conflict with King Philippe le Bel of France; he brought the pope to Rome after the attempt against him in Anagni in 1303. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V; his absence at the time of the election of the new pope was due to illness; he refused to subscribe the act of election; he died three months later. Author of several works in theology and of the book "De auctoritate Ecclesiæ".

Death. September 4 (or November 12), 1305, Perugia. After nine years, his body, found incorrupt, was transferred to Rome and buried in the chapel of S. Pastore, of the Orsini family, in the patriarchal Vatican basilica (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 2, 308-309; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 163-165; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 125; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 8 and 51; Die Mittelalterlichen Grabmäler in Rom und Latium vom 13. bis zum 15. Jahrhundert. 2 vol. Bearbeitet von Tassilo Blittersdorff ... [et al.], unter Mitarbeit von Hanns Jäger-Sunstenau und Walter Koch ; redigiert von Jörg Garms, Roswitha Juffinger und Bryan Ward-Perkins. Rom : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981-1994. (Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom. 2. Abteilung, Quellen ; 5. Reihe; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom.; 2. Abteilung, Quellen ; 5. Reihe). Contents: 1. Bd. Die Grabplatten und Tafeln -- 2. Bd. Die Monumentalgräber, I, 246.

Webgraphy. Biogarphcial article, in Italian; his genealogy, A3 B2 C4 D4 E1 F3 G4 (G4 is repeated; the cardinal is the second one); Cardinals of the Orsini family, in English; he is the first one; his image, fresco, attributed to Giotto, in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, he is on the right side of the pope (left of the observer) while the pope takes possession of that basilica; the bearded man on the far right is Pope Celestine V; partial view of the same fresco, in color; explanation of the painting, in the third paragraph under "Elementi medioevali superstiti"; L'affresco di Bonifacio VIII in Giovanni in Laterano by Carla Michelli Giaccone, Bollettino, Associazione Nazionale Insegnati Storia dell'Arte, Anno XX, n. 3/ottobre 2001, N. 17; and his engraving.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, taken from Die Mittelalterlichen Grabmäler in Rom und Latium vom 13. bis zum 15. Jahrhundert, I, 246:

+ HIC SITVS EST RVBEVS ·
QVONDAM LEVITA MATHEVS ·
CARDO SACER · RVTILANS FAMA
VIRTVTE CORVSCANS ·
VRBE SATVS · CLARAQ(VE) DOMO ·
NAMQ(VE EDITVS VRSA ·
[BIS S]ENOS · TER QVINQ(VE) ANNOS ·
[HIC OR]DINE PRESTANS ·
[HAC PETRA] Q(VE) PEDES TER · QVINOS
[PACE SV]B EXTAT ·

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