The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Celestine V (1294)
Consistory of September 18, 1294 (I)
Celebrated in Naples


(1) 1. BEAULIEU, Simon de (?-1297)

Birth. (No date found), château of Beaulieu, province of Brie, France. Son of Guy de Baulieu and his wife Agnes. His first name is also listed as Simeone; and his last name as Belloloco.

Education. Studied at the University of Paris; obtained a doctorate in law. Some sources indicate that he entered the Order of the Cistercians but others contradict it.

Early life. Archdeacon of Chartres in 1273. Archdeacon of the church of Saint-Pierre, Poitiers, 1274. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Bourges. Canon of Saint-Martin de Tours. Administrator of the abbey of Notre-Dame de la Charité, Besançon.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Bourges in 1281; confirmed, December 23, 1281; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate; celebrated four provincial synods (the first one in 1282) and conducted numerous pastoral visits. Consecrated (no information found). In 1283, he participated with other French bishops in the parliament of the Toussaint, held in Paris for the decision in the process concerning the county of Poitiers. In 1285, he received in Bourges the body of King Philippe le Hardy of France, killed in the war of Aragón, which was brought by his son and successor, King Philippe IV le Bel; the archbishop celebrated the requiem mass.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Palestrina in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Legate, with Cardinal Bérard de Got, to obtain the peace between King Philippe IV le Bel of France and Edward I of England; the mission was unsuccessful.

Death. August 18, 1297, Orvieto. Buried under a marble slab in front of the main altar of the church of S. Francesco in that city; his epitaph has been partially deleted by the feet of the people walking over it (1); he had a tomb prepared in the monastery of Notre Dame de Jouy-en-Brie (Chenoise).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 40-41; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 284-285; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 323-326; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 133; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 11, 37 and 138; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, II, 184-192.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 323-326; biography, in French, p. 184-192; Simon de Beaulieu: une visite épiscopale au prieuré de Bouhet, in French; and his engraving.

(1) This is the partial text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 284:

Symonis hac fossa Ti....i.... Card.... S.... ossa
Francia Papatus, fuit huic Rege quoque gratus
ardo.... Præne.... ...bituris tanta pietas,
nno Domini MCC. nonagesimo vij.
xviij. die mensis Augusti obijt.

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(2) 2. GOT, Bérard de (ca. 1250-1297)

Birth. Ca. 1250, château of Villandraut, diocese of Bordeaux, France. Of one of the most distinguished families of Aquitaine. Son of Béraud de Got, seigneur de Villandraut, and Ide de Blanquefort. Brother of Pope Clement V. Uncle of Cardinal Raymond de Got (1305). His first name is also listed as Bérauvd; and his last name as Gout, Goult, Gouth, Gotto, Goth and Guto..

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Archdeacon of Montalda, diocese of Agen.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Lyon, July 23, 1289; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Albano in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Legate, with Cardinal Simon de Beaulieu, to obtain the peace between King Philippe IV le Bel of France and Edward I of England; he died in France during his legation.

Death. June 27, 1297 (1), France. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 41; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 285; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 321-322; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 133; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 11, 35 and 316; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, X, 310-314.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 321-322; biography, in French, p. 310-314; his genealogical table, in German; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 133; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 11 and 35; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 285; and his two biographies in French, linked above, say that he died on July 27, 1297.

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(3) 3. OCRE, O.Cel., Tommaso d' (?-1300)

Birth. (No date found), Ocre, Abruzzi. Of a noble family. He is also listed as Tommaso de Apruzzo; and his last name as Aprutius, Ocra and Ocrea.

Education. Joined the Order of the Celestines.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of S. Giovanni in Piano.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in the consistory of September 18, 1294; he accepted in spite of his dislike for the promotion. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church in 1294. Subscribed the papal bulls issued from June 21, 1295 to June 27, 1298. Commendatario of the monastery of Giovanni in Venere, diocese of Chieti. Cardinal protoprete in 1295. He prepared and celebrated the funeral for former Pope Celestine V in 1296. He prepared his will on May 23, 1300.

Death. May 29, 1300, Naples. Buried in the church of S. Antonio, near Ferentino (1).

Beatification. He is inscribed in the Benedictine martyrology as a blessed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 41-42; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 285-287; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 133; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 11 and 40.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 287; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 133; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 42, says that he was buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Naples; other sources say that he was buried in the monastery of de S. Spirito di Majella, in Roccamorice (Abruzzi), which until 1293 was the mother house of the Celestines.

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(4) 4. LE MOINE, Jean (ca. 1240/1250-1313)

Birth. Ca. 1240/1250, Crécy, near Abbeville, Picardie, France. Of an obscure family. His last name is also listed as Monachus, Monachi, Lemoine and Le Moyne.

Education. Initial studies in Crécy; later, studied in Paris; obtained a doctorate in theology and in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Amiens and Paris. Royal counselor. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota in 1282. Dean of Bayeux, 1288 to 1292.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Arras by its cathedral chapter at the end of 1293; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found). Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, 1288-1294; he countersigned the papal bulls issued from September 3, 1288 until September 22, 1291. Pope Celestine V called him to Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Subscribed the papal bulls issued from June 21, 1295 to February 16, 1302; and the one issued on March 14, 1304. He authored a commentary on the bull of the 1300 Jubilee Year, the first one celebrated. On November 24, 1302, he was named legate before King Philippe IV le Bel of France to try to reestablish the peace between the Holy See and the king; the inflexibility of the monarch made the mission fail; the pope instructed the legate to place the kingdom under an interdict and to have Nicolas de Fréauville, confessor of the king, go to Rome to explain his conduct and that of the king; the legate, hoping for a conciliation, delayed the pope's orders; the pope, who disliked half-measures, sent the bull of excommunication against the king to France; when the king learned of the mission carrying the papal document, he had it arrested in Troyes and placed the legate under surveillance; the monarch convoked the États Généreaux to respond to the pretensions of the court of Rome. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Entered the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V, but had to leave because of illness; he followed the new pope to Avignon and fixed there his residence. Cardinal protoprete in October 1305. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 6, 1305 until 1310, when he resigned the post. He also wrote Glossa aurea Joannis Monachi cardinalis in Sextum Decretalium, printed in Paris in 1515; the work had several editions.

Death. August 22, 1313 (1), Avignon. On October 1, 1314, his body, in a lead casket, was taken to Paris and buried in the church of the collège which he had built and had his name, in rue Saint-Victor, as he had requested in his will (2).There is still a street in Paris (Ve arrondissement) that has his name.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 42-43; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 287-289; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 325-328; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 133-134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12, 44 and 155; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, II, 162-163; Johannes Monachus; Philippus Probus; Lucantonio Giunta. Ioannis Monachi Picardi cardinalis ac vicecancellarii apostolici In Sextum Librum Decretalium dilucida commentaria Glossa aurea nuncupata. Venetiis : apud Iuntas, 1585.

Links. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 325-328; biography, in French, p. 162-163; his engraving, tomb and biography, in French; biography, in French; biography, in English; bibliography and biography, in English, under "Johannes Monachus"; Le Collège du cardinal Lemoine by Charles Jourdain, Paris, 1876; plaque marking the place where the collège he founded was in Lamoine Street, Paris; and two engravings.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, except second biography in French, linked above, which says that he died on August 20, 1313.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 289:

HIC. IACET. DOMINVS. IOANNES
MONACHVS. AMBIANENSIS. DIOECSIS
TITVLI. SANCTORVM
MARCELINI. ET. PETRI
PRESBYTER. CARDINALIS
FVNDATOR. ISTIVS. DOMVS
QVI. OBIIT. AVENIONE. ANNO. DOM. MCCCXIII.
DIE. XXII. MENSIS. AVGVSTI
SPVLTVS. FVIT. HIC. PRIMA. DIE
MENSIS. OCTOBRIS. ANNO. EODEM
ORATE. PRO. EO.

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(5) 5. L'AQUILA, O.S.B., Pietro de (?-1298)

Birth. (No date found, L'Aquila?). His last name is also listed as Aquilano and Aquilanus.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines), Monte Cassino.

Early life. Counselor of King Carlo of Sicily. Abbot of the monastery of S. Sofia, Benevento.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Valva-Sulmona in 1294; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Croce in Gerusalemme in the consistory of September 18, 1294 (1). Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Obtained permission to make his will on January 5, 1295.

Death. June 3, 1298 (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 43-44; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 289; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12, 41 and 513-514; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, II, 252.

Links. Brief biographical entry, in Italian, under "AQUILA o AQUILANO Pietro"; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 134; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 12 and 41; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 43; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 289; Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica, II, 252; and his biograpical entry, linked above, say that he was assigned the title of S. Marcello.

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(6) 6. FERRIÈRES, Guillaume de (?-1295)

Birth. (No date found), Provence, France. His last name is also listed as de Ferrerius, Ferriere and Ferreri.

Education. Studied law at the University of Orléans with Pietro Perogrossi, future cardinal; obtained a doctorate.

Early life. Professor of law at the University of Toulouse by 1284. In 1288, he gave an appraisal to the citizens of the city of Limoux, together with five other professors of law of the recently established school of law of Toulouse; five years later, he left Toulouse. Provost of the cathedral chapter of Marseille in 1289. Vice-chancellor of King Carlo II of Naples, August 27, 1290, with the special order of recovering some disputed areas in Provence; he demonstrated his faithful service to the House of Anjou. He was promoted to the cardinalate at the request of King Carlo II of Naples.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Clemente in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. In 1295, the pope entrusted him with the marriage betwen the daughter of King Carlo II, Blanche, and the king of Aragón. Subscribed the papal bull of June 21, 1295. Obtained permission to make his will on July 11, 1295; he was also allowed to keep his canonicate in Marseille and the revenues of several churches in Toledo. Legate in Spain; died during his legation; he was to present some proposals of mediation from the pope the king of Aragón. He authored several legal works.

Death. September 7, 1295, Perpignan. Buried in the Franciscan church in that city.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 44; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 289-290; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 329-330; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 40.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 329-330; and biography, in German.

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(7) 7. L'AIDE, Nicolas (?-1299)

Birth. (No date found), Nonancourt, diocese of Evreux, France. He is also listed as Nicolas de l'A and Nicolas de Nonancourt; and his last name as Nonancour. He was called the Cardinal of Paris.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Chancellor or dean of the cathedral chapter of Paris from 1284 until the end of 1288 (?).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso after October 13, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between June 21, 1295 and June 27, 1298.

Death. September 23, 1299, Rome. Buried in the cathedral of Notre-Dame in Evreux.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 44; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 290; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 331-332; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 43.

Links. His arms and biography, p. 331-332; his image in a stained glass window, cathedral of Notre-Dame, Evreux (Cardinal Nicolas de l'A); and his engraving.

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(8) 8. PONTIGNY, O.Cist., Robert de (?-1305)

Birth. (No date or place found), France. Of the counts de Tonnerre. He is also listed only as Robert, O.Cist.

Education. Entered the Order of the Cistercians. Obtained a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He was elected 15th abbot of the monastery of Pontigny in 1285. Elected 28th abbot general of Cîteaux. He was a friend of Kings Philippe IV le Bel of France and Carlo II of Naples. At their request, he was promoted to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. He subscribed the papal bulls issued between June 21, 1295 and February 16, 1302. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 3, 1298 until 1305. Legate in France. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Subscribed papal bulls issued on March 14, 1304. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. Died while traveling to Lyon to attend the coronation of Pope Clement V.

Death. October 9, 1305, Cistercian monastery of S. Martino, Parma. Buried on the left side of the choir, in front of the main altar, in the abbey of Cîteaux as he had requested .

<STRONG>Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 44-45; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 290; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 333-334; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 46.

Links. His arms and biography, p. 333-334.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph take from Gallia Christiana:

ROBERTUS mortuus Parmae 1305, mense augusto, ab ecclesia sancti Martini translatus in choro suae basilicae ad sinistram majoris altaris tumulatus.

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(9) 9. ARMENTIÈRES, O.S.B.Clun., Simon d' (?-1297)

Birth. (No date found), France. He is also listed as Simon de Caritate and Simon de La Charité.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict, Cluny (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Prior of the monastery of Coincy. Chamberlain of the monastery of Cluny. Prior of the monastery of La Charité-sur-Loire, diocese of Auxerre, 1275.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Balbina in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between June 21, 1295 and May 7, 1297.

Death. Shortly after May 7, 1297 (1), Rome. Buried in the center of the choir of the church of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti, Rome (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 45; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 291; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 335-336; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 40.

Links. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 335-336; biographical data, in French, in "CXXVI. 1275 Avril 3." and "CXXVII. 1285 Avril 25".

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 12 and 40, says that he died in 1287; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 45; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 291; and his first biography in French, linked above, say that he died in 1296.
(2) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 291

Simonis exta, caroque iacent hic ossaque
Charitate Prioratu, qui præsuit huic, Titulique
Sanctæ Balbinæ sacra dat candore colentes
In cineres redigi fasces, caput omne iacere.
Dicite labentis non gaudia spernere Mundi.
Quod sumus iste fuit, erimus quardoque quod hic est.
nno milleno bis centum cum nonageno
Sexto defungens, deserto copore fungens
Regniis Cœlorum numerandus parte bonorum.

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(10) 10. BRANCACCIO, Landolfo (?-1312)

Birth. (No date found), Naples. Of an ancient and illustrious family. Other cardinals of his family were: Niccolò Brancaccio (1378); Rinaldo Brancaccio (1384); Ludovico Bonito (1408); Tommaso Brancaccio (1411); Francesco Maria Brancaccio (1633); and Stefano Brancaccio (1681).

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Legate in Apulia. Legate in England in 1295; returned in May 1299. Legate in Sicily and administrator of the kingdom of Naples, together with Prince Filippo of Taranto, son of King Carlo II of Naples; he left for his legation on August 7, 1299; both administrator decided to place the kingdom in the hans of Queen Maria; during his legation, a fight occurred among the canons of Mileto concerning the election of a new bishop; the legate, with the approval of Pope Boniface VIII, decided for the candidate favored by King Carlo II. Subscribed the papal bulls issued between October 2, 1300 and February 16, 1302. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. In 1308, together with Cardinals Bérenger de Frédol, seniore, and Étienne de Suisy, he brought to Chinon, where the grand master of the Order of Templars was imprisoned, the bull of Pope Clement V absolving him. He attended the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312.

Death. October 29, 1312, Avignon. Buried in the chapel of the Angels in the cathedral of Avignon (1)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 45-46; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 291; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 49.

Link. The Brancaccio family, in English.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 292:

Hic iacet Dom. Landulphus Brancassi
TT. S. Angeli Diaconus Card. Neapolitanus
Qui obiit iiij Kal. Novemb. An. Dom. MCCCXII.
Cuius anima requiescat in pace.

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(11) 11. LONGHI, Guglielmo de (ca. 1240-1319)

Birth. Ca. 1240, Bergamo (or Adrara S. Martino, near Bergamo). Of a noble family called in the past Longa Spata. Son of Diotello Longhi, from an ancient and noble family from Adrara. His last name is also listed as Longo; and as Longhi d'Adrara.

Education. His father sent him to study at the recently inaugurated University of Padua, where he obtained a doctorate in law.

Early life. In 1267, he went to Rome and entered the service of Cardinal Riccardo Annibaldi; he insisted to the cardinal to recommend to Pope Clement IV to name Carlo II Anjou of Sicily vicar of Tuscany, as the empire was vacant. In 1288, he strove to obtain the freedom of that monarch, who was a prisoner in Catalonia. In 1289, King Carlo II Anjou named him chancellor and state counselor. Prior of S. Nicola de Bari. At the request of the Sicilian king, he was promoted to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano in the consistory of September 18, 1294. He was confessor and personal counselor of Pope Celestine V. Administrator of the basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli, Rome, in 1294. Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. During the reclusion of former Pope Celestine V in the castle of Fumone, Cardinal Longhi, together with his brother Marco Tullio, was invested by Pope Boniface VIII with the fiefdom of Fumone; after the death of the former pontiff on May 19, 1296, the cardinal began to support the Celestine cult (1). Subscribed the papal bulls issued between June 21, 1295 and February 16, 1302. Pope Benedict VIII always sent him to the most delicate and difficult missions. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Subscribed the papal bulls issued on March 14, 1304. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. After the election of the new pope, who did not go to Rome and resided in Avignon, Cardinal Longhi went to live in that city. He was delegate of the pope to confer the benifce of S. Giovanni di Canisio to the diocese of Bergamo. On August 11, 1308, he was named administrator of the monastery of S. Angelo in Formis, near Capua. Prior in commendam of the rich Cistercian priorate of S. Colombano in Arlate, Milan. In 1309, he donated, inter vivos, all his possessions in Bergamo and outside, in Aste, Gorle, Campagnola, Grumello, Telgate, Sarnico, Predore, Adrara, Villongo and Credero, to his nephew Giovanni Longhi; the nephew died before the uncle in 1312 and in his testament ordered that the family and possessions passed to the care of the cardinal. Attended the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312, and defended the memory of Pope Boniface VIII against the calumnious accusations of King Kings Philippe IV le Bel of France. He favored the peace compromise between the Mozzo and Colleoni families after the assassination of Paternione Colleoni by a member of the Mozzo family. Also, in 1313, he gave bail to Holy Roman Emperor Heinrich VII for Bergamo and his nobles, prisoners of the emperor. Participated in the conclave of 1314-1316, which elected Pope John XXII. After he moved to the papal curia in Avignon, his authority was fiercely contradicted in Bergamo during the crisis of 1317, by Podestà Francesco Garbagnate, who took away his from the cardinal's nephew Giacomo Longhi, signore of Grumello, exemptions and immunities granted to him, his heirs and successors, spontaneously, by the captains and elders of Milan, Bergamo and Brescia to the benefice of the cities and themselves. The cardinal's influence in Bergamo lasted until mid 14th century, thanks to the alliance between the Longhi and the Colleoni and by the authority exercised in Bergamo, Avignon and Milan, by many nephews settled by the cardinal in ecclesiastical charges. He collaborated in the redaction of Liber Sextum Decretalium. He was a renowned jurisconsult. In honor of the saint of his cardinalitial tile, S. Nicola, he erected magnificent chapels in the churches of S. Stefano and S. Francesco, Bergamo. He built the monastery of S. Nicolò di Plorzano, in Borgo S. Caterina, and placed it under the Order of the Celestines, which he had introduced in Bergamo, in gratitude to the pope who hade promoted him to the cardinalate. He also found the monastery and church of S. Nicola di Renzano. He erected the priorate and church of S. Spiritio and also charged it to the Celestines; later he built and attached to it a hospital. He magnificently restored the church of Giacomo in Pontida.

Death. April 9, 1319, Avignon. Buried in the church of S. Maria Maggiore, Bergamo (2), in the sepulchre work of Ugo da Campione. His nephew, Cipriano Alessandri, bishop of Bergamo, inscribed the epitaph in his tomb (3)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 47-49; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 293-294; Dentella, Lorenzo. I vescovi di Bergamo. (Notizie storica). Bergamo : Editrice Sant'Alessandro, 1939, p. 237-239; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12 and 52.

Links. Portrait and biographical entry, in Italian, Castello Marchesi Longhi de Paolis; biograhical data, in Italian, in Archivio Historico Bergamasco, Rivista n. 4 - 1983, "La Cospirazione Antiviscontea" by Aveno Sala, II "Bergamo nel XIV secolo"; his tomb, church of S. Maria Maggiore, Bergamo, VirtualTourist.com, Inc.; closer view of the tomb, flickr; detail of his jascent statue in his tomb, Beni Culturali nella Provincia e nella Diocese di Bergamo; reproduction in plaster of his jascent statue, castello of Fumone, Comune di Fumone; his portraits and arms, Araldica Vaticana; and Castello Longhi, Comune di Fumone.

(1) By protecting the religious order of the Celestine and funding the restoration of many of their abbeys and monasteries, Cardinal Longhi began a family tradition that was continued by his heirs and family and that continues to the present. The tradition of the Longhi family related to Pope Celestine V obatined that Pope Sixtus V in 1588 gave the Rocca di Furmone, where the saint died, in perpetuity to the heirs of the cardinal. The Longhi family restored the old manor, built the roofed garden, enlarged the palace and transformed it into a shrine and in a country residence.
(2) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 12 and 52; the same source, on p. 12, adds that he was buried in the church of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in Bergamo. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 48-49, says that died in Avignon in 1319 and transferred to Bergamo, where he was buried in the the chpael of S. Niccolò, which he had built in the church of the Franciscans, in a tomb that he had built, in which only his name was inscribed; Cardella adds that his nephew, Cipriano de Longhi, bishop of Bergamo, placed in the middle of that chapel a magnificent and well deserved eulogy to the memory of the cardinal. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 293, says that he died in Avignon, quinto idus Aprilis nostrae salutis anno 1319 (April 9, 1319); and that his body was transferred to Bergamo and buried in the chapel of S. Niccolò, in the church of the Friars Minor, in a marble sepulchre that he had built, with the inscription that is transcribed in note 3, below. Dentella, I vescovi di Bergamo, p. 239, says that he died on September 9, 1319 in Avignon; and that he was transferred to Bergamo, according to his will, and buried in the chapel of S. Nicolò, which he had built in the church of S. Francesco; the source adds that he had built his sepulchre and that a brief inscription was placed in the same"Hic iacet corpus pieae memoriae Gulielmi de Longis Cardinalis.. His biographical data in Italian, linked above, says that the cardinal wished that his body would rest in Bergamo, in the church of S. Francesco, where he had chosen to be buried.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 294:

HIC QUIESCIT CORPUS
Piæ memoriæ Guillelmi de Longis
De Adraria
S. Nicolai in Carcere Tulliano Diaconi Card.
Viri utique in Theologicis docti;
In utroque Iure prouidi;
In Moralibus, & Chronicis peritissimi;
In Consilijs maturi
In moribus gravis, in agibilibus circumspecti
In cujus vitæ nitorem
Aliaque doria virtutum attendens B. Petrus
Confessor
Tunc Cœlestinus Papa Quintus
Ipsum ad Cardinalatus honorem assumpsit,
In quo vigintiquinque annis
Deo, & Ecclesiæ commendabiliter militauit.
Fabricauit enim miri operis Ecclesiam
S. Iacobi de Pontita,
Eiusdemque Apostoli brachio decoravit.
Hunc Capellam , & aliam sub vocabulo dicti
Confessoris in Ecclesia noua Prædicatorum
Fundauit.
Monasterium S. Nicolai de Rezano,
Et Hospitale S. Spiritus erexit,
Atque dotauit.
Et demum præsentis seculi agone percusso
Cum brauso properans ad triumphums
Dum Avenione degeret,
Feliciter migrauit ad Christum in crastina
Natiuitatis B. Mariæ Gloriosæ
Sub An.Dom. MCCCXIX.

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(12) 12. RONCI, O.Cœl., Francesco (1223-1294)

Birth. 1223, Albi.

Education. Joined the Order of the Celestines; he was one of the first disciples of Peter Celestine, future Pope Celestine V and saint.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information foudn). He accompanied Peter Celestine to the hermitages of Orfente and Morrone. In 1285, he became prior of the monastery of Santo Spirito a Majella and the first general of the congregation; occupied the post until his death.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso in the consistory of September 18, 1294. Did not participate in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII.

Death. After October 13, 1294, Sulmona. Buried (no information found).

Beatification. He is venerated as a blessed and his feast is celebrated on June 4.

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp.

Links. Biographical entry, in English; biographical entry, in Norwegian; his portrait by an anonymous artist, end of the 18th century, Museo Capitolare, concattedrale basilica "S. Maria Assunta", Atri; and another view of the same painting.

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(13) 13. CASTROCOELI, O.S.B.Cas., Giovanni (?-1295)

Birth. (No date found), Castrocielo, diocese of Aquino. His last name is also listed as Castocoeli.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict, Monte Cassino (Benedictines).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Provost of the monastery of S. Benedetto, Capua.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Benevento, June 17, 1282; named administrator of the see, October 13, 1294; he was also named adminstrator of the see of S. Agata de' Goti. Consecrated shortly after.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of September 18, 1294 (1). Participated in the conclave of 1294, which elected Pope Boniface VIII. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, 1294-1295.

Death. February 22, 1295, Benevento. Buried in Benevento.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 46-47; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 292; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 134-135; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 12, 48, 75 and 133.

(1) According to Histoire de l'Église depuis les origines jusqu'a nos jours (26 vols., fondée par Augustin Fliche & Victor Martin; dirigée par J.-B. Duroselle & Eugéne Jarry), X, he was created cardinal in a separate consistory celebrated in Teano between October 23 and 28, 1294, in replacement of Cardinal Ronci, who had died the previous October 13 in Sulmona.

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SALLE, O.Cœl., Roberto di (ca. 1273-1341)

Birth. Ca. 1273, Salle, diocese of Pescara. Son of Tommaso and Benvenuta. His baptismal name was Santuccio, which is how Pietro Celestino, future Pope Celestine V and saint, used to call him affectionately. His last name is also listed as di Sala.

Education. At sixteen, he entered the Order of the Celestines. Took the name Roberto.

Early life. When Pietro Celestino accepted the pontificate, he asked the young monk to go with him to Rome but he declined, preferring to follow his vocation to a life of silence and penance.

Cardinalate. Pope Celestine V wanted to create him cardinal in 1294 but he declined. During the pontificate of Pope Celestine V, he went to the monastery of S. Giorgio in Roccamorice. He had the joy of receiving former Pope Celestine V after his resignation from the pontificate on December 24, 1294 but soon after, the former pontiff was moved to Rocca Fumone, where he was kept in retentation until his death.

Priesthood. Ordained in 1298 at 25 years of age although the Celestine tradition only allowed ordination after the thirty first birthday. He remained the monastery of S. Giorgio in Roccamorice for twelve years. Procurator of the monasteries of S. Spirito in Majella and Roccamontepiano, 1310 to 1317. He was sent to Inviato Gessopalena, where in 1320, he founded a monastery; remained there as prior for a year. Returned to Roccamontepiano for six years. In 1327, he was nominated procurator general of his congregation; he founded and restored several monasteries, among them S. Tommaso in Caramanico, Lama dei Peligni, Atessa and Gessopalena. He had a great fame as performer of miracles.

Death. July 18, 1341, Morrone. Buried in the monastery of Morrone del Sanio. In 1342, his remains were translated to the abbey of S.Spirito in Sulmona. The urn containing his mortal remains is currently in the parish church of Salle Vecchia.

Beatification. He was attributed thirty miracles after his death, which occurred at his sepulchre. It is presumed that he was proclaimed a blessed between 1341 and 1342. At Salle, his feast is celebrated on July 18; in Morrone del Sannio, it is celebrated on May 19, the day of the death of St. Celestine V.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; and his image, fresco, church of S. Marcello, Pacentro.


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