The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Boniface VIII (1294-1303)
Consistory of December 15, 1302 (V)
Celebrated in Rome


(14) 1. RODRÍGUEZ, Pedro (?-1310)

Birth. (No date found), Spain. He was called el Hispano. He is also listed as Petrus Hispanus and Petrus Roderici Hispanus.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Burgos.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Burgos, June 13, 1300; administrator of the see from December 17, 1302 until August 7, 1303. Consecrated shortly after.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Sabina in the consistory of December 15, 1302. Named administrator of the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, December 22, 1302; occupied the post until 1310. Governor of Sabina, January 2, 1303. Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Subscribed a papal bull dated March 14, 1304. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. Governor of the city of Terni, February 15, 1308. Legate in England.

Death. December 20, 1310, Avignon. His body was transferred to Rome and buried in the Vatican basilica, next to the tomb of Pope Boniface VIII (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 68; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 336-337; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 13, 38 and 151; Mansilla Reoyo, Demetrio. El cardenal "Petrus Hispanus" : obispo de Burgos (1300-1303). Burgos : Institución Fernán González, 1958. (Publicaciones de la Institución Fernán González).

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 337:

BONAE MEMORIAE DOMNVS PETRVS
SABINENSIS ESPICOPVS
AVENIONE MORTVVS AD BASILICAM ISTAM DELATVS
SEPVLTVS AD PEDES DOMINI SVI IN HAC BASILICA
ANNO DOM. MCCCXI.

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(15) 2. MINIO DA MORROVALLE, O.F.M., Giovanni (ca. 1250-1312)

Birth. Ca. 1250, Morrovalle, Macerata, Marche. He is also listed as Johannes de Murro; and his last name as de Murro, Mincius, Minus and Murovalle; Minio may not be a last name but a corruption of Minor or Minus, which would refer to his religious order.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in the province of Marche. Went to Paris in 1280 to complete his theological formation; in 1289, Pope Nicholas IV promoted him to magister.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Provincial minister in Marche. Regent of the Studium of Paris, 1289-1290. Professor of theology. Lector at the Studium of the city where the papal curia was located in 1289. Lector of theology of the Sacred Palace in 1291. He became a renowned theologian. Elected 14th minister general of his order in Anagni on May 16, 1296; after his promotion to the cardinalate, the chapter was presided by Pope Boniface VIII; he continued governing the order as vicar general until the general chapter celebrated in Assisi in 1304. He commissioned Giotto for the painting of the murals of the church of S. Francesco in Assisi in 1296, which depict the life of the saint. In January 1299, with Fr. Niccolò Bocassini, master general of the Dominicans, future Pope Benedict XI, he was named legate to mediate for the conclusion of the peace between France, England and Flanders.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina in the consistory of December 15, 1302. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the conclave of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI. Subscribed a papal bull dated March 14, 1304. Participated in the conclave of 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. In the papal curia, he examined numerous elections of bishops and abbots. Protector of the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) on September 18, 1307. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1311. Attended the Council of Vienne in 1311-1312. He courageously defended the memory of Pope Boniface VIII against the attacks of King Philippe IV le Bel of France.

Death. August 1312 (1), Avignon. Buried in the Franciscan church in that city.

Bibliography. Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 31-32; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 64; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 333-334; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 13and 36; Ritzler, Remigius. "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, LXXI (Gennaio-Giugno 1971), Fasc. I-II, 20-22.

Links. Biography and bibliography by Maarten van der Heijden and Bert Roest, in English, Franciscan Authors, 13th - 18th Century: A Catalogue in Progress; and his arms and engraving, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to Betti, I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori, p. 32; and Ritzler, "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, p. 21; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 64; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 334; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 137, says that he died in August 1312 or 1313; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 13 and 36, says that he died in 1312 or 1313.

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CONTI, O.F.M., Andrea (ca. 1240-1302)

Birth. Ca. 1240, Anagni. Nephew of Pope Alexander IV. Relative (cousin?) of Pope Boniface VIII. His last name is also listed as Conti de Segni and as De Comitibus.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Pope Boniface VIII wanted to create him cardinal priest in 1295 but he declined.

Death. February 1, 1302, Franciscan convent of Piglio, near Anagni, Campagna. Buried in the Franciscan church of S. Lorenzo in that convent.

Beatification. His veneration was recognized and approved by Pope Innocent XIII on December 11, 1724. In the Second World War, his sepulchre was damaged during an Allied bombardment on May 12, 1944; to repair it, a recognition of his relics was done on February 8, 1945.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 50-51; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 324; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 13.

Links. Biography, in Italian; biography, in Italian; and La "gloria" del Beato Andrea Conti, Cronache Cittadine on line, Anno XVI, N0 338, 13 Marzo 2005, p. 14.

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SANTUCCI, Giacomo (?-1341)

Birth. (No date found), Lucca.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro in 1295 (1).

Death. 1341 (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 34; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 328; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19 and 50, n. 1.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 328; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 137, says that confuses him with Cardinal Giacomo Caetani Stefaneschi, who occupied that deaconry during those same years.

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COLONNA, O.E.S.A., Egidio (ca. 1243/1247-1316)

Birth. Ca. 1243/1247, in the Colonna district, Rome. Of a noble family. Youngest of the five children of Pietro Colonna, signore of Genazzano. The other siblings were Pietro, Cecilia, Stefano and Annibale; they all were Roman nobles. He is also listed as Ægidius Romanus; Ægidius a Colonna; Egidio Romano Colonna; Ägidius von Rom; Egidio Romano; Giles of Rome; and Gilles di Roma. His belonging to the Colonna dynasty is under discussion.

Education. Entered the Order of Hermits of Saint Augustine (Augustinians), when he was an adolescent. His parents and friend tried to make him leave the religious life but he persevered in his intention. When he turned fifteen years old, he was sent to Paris, where he was a wonder of excellent talent and made great progress in his studies. He was one of the most outstanding students of Tommaso d'Aquino, future saint, in the Augustinian Study of Paris, 1269-1271. He studied philosophy, Sacred Scriptures, theology and sciences at La Sorbonne University. He obtained a baccalaureate in 1271. Having had all the requirements, he was given permission to pursue a magister degree.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Étienne Tempier, bishop of Paris, who as a stubborn and obstinate a man, had several professors of the university, on March 7, 1277, unjustly condemned the writings of Tommaso d'Aquino and Egidio Colonna. Disgusted with the controversy, he returned to Italy in 1279. His good reputation and fame were not affected by the unjust decision of the professors, and he was received with joy by the members of Roman province and the former general of the order. He was elected definitor in three chapters of the order, including the one celebrated in Toscanella in 1285. He went to see the Pope and declared that he humbly would do whatever was decided by the pontiff. Pope Honorius IV accepted the innocence of Egidio and in an assembly of the professors of La Sorbonne in Paris, convoked after the pope sent a letter dated June 1, 1285, his condemnation was revoked and he was granted the title of magister in October 1285. He again took the chair of theology at the university, his fame spread exceedingly. For the visit of King Philippe IV, le Bel, of France to La Sorbonne, he composed his famous oration on justice. He was a famous theologian, founder of the Augustinian school; because of his learning, he was called "fundatissimus doctor". In 1287, his teaching was declared a religious doctrine. Elected prior general of his order in 1292; occupied the post until 1295.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Bourges and primate of Aquitaine, April 25, 1295. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal by Pope Boniface VIII (1). He wrote numerous ecclesiastical and theological works. His treatise "De ecclesiastica sive summi pontificis potestate" was the basis for Pope Boniface VIII' bull "Unam sanctam", in which Pope Boniface VIII asserted his rights against King Phillip IV, le Bel, of France. It is not known if he participated or not in the conclaves of 1303, which elected Pope Benedict XI; and 1304-1305, which elected Pope Clement V. He built the chapel of S. Trifonio in his Roman convent. He participated in the Council of Vienne, celebrated in 1311, in which the knight Templars wer condemned. Their house in Bourges was purchased by the Augustinian Order. He was present at the death of Pope Clement V in Rocquemaure-en-Gard, on April 20, 1314. He did not participate in the conclave of 1314-1316, which elected Pope John XXII.

Death. December 22, 1316, at the papal curia, Avignon. His body was transferred to Paris and buried in the Augustinian church in that city (2)

Beatification. He was inscribed as a blessed in the Augustinian martyrology.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 65-68; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 334-336; Colonna, Prospero. I Colonna. Dalle origini all'inizio del secolo XIX. Sunto di ricordi storici raccolti per cura di Prospero Colonna. Roma : Istituto Nazionale Medico Farmacologico "Serono", 1927, p. 43; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 13 and 138; Mattioli, Nicola. Studio critico sopra Egidio Romano Colonna, arcivescovo di Bourges, dellOrdine romitano di sant Agostino. Roma : Tip. di F. Cuggiani, 1896. (Antologia agostiniana ; v. 1). Contents: Biografia.--Si risponde a un critico.--Bibliografia--Di una esposizione Canzone di Guido Cavalcanti atribuita ad Egidio; Trapé, Agostino. "Egidio Romano", Enciclopedia Cattolica. 12 vols. Città del Vaticano: Ente per l'Enciclopedia Cattolica e per il Libro Cattolico, 1949-1954, V, cols. 138-141.

Links. Biography by Charles Dubray, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography by Friedrich Wilhelm Bautz, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; biography, in English, Augnet, site of Saint Augustine of Hippo and the Order of Saint Augustine; biography, in English, Wikipedia; life and works by Roberto Lambertini, in English, The Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy; biography and bibliography by David Aurelius Pweini, O.E.S.A., in Latin, under "Columna Fr. Aegidius", Centro Studi Agostiniano, "Cherubino Ghirardacci"; The Colonna family by James Loughlin, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his engraving and biography, in Portuguese, Aquinate; his genealogy, A2 B1 D4 F1 G5, Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Mediterranea; his image in a miniature in an illuminated manuscript, writing his work De regimine principorum, Enluminures, Service du livre et de la lecture and the Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (CNRS); and his image in a miniature in an illuminated manuscript, giving King Philippe IV of France a copy of that work, Enluminures, Service du livre et de la lecture and the Institut de recherche et d'histoire des textes (CNRS).

(1) This is according to Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 334-336. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 36, denies that he was elevated to the cardinalate. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 137, says that he may have been created cardinal, reserved in pectore and never published, but this is unlikely because the practice of reserving cardinals in pectore started in the pontificate of Pope Martin V, 1417-1431.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph taken from his biography in Latin, linked above:

HIC IACET
AULA MORUM VITÆ MUNDITIÆ
ARCHIPHILOSOPHÆ ARISTOTELIS PERSPICACISSIMUS
COMMENTATOR
CLAVIS ET DOCTOR THEOLOGIÆ LXV IN LUCEM
REDUCENS DUBIA
FR. AEGIDIUS DE ROMA ORD. FRATRUM EREMIT.
S. AUGUSTINI
ARCHIEPISCOPUS BITURICENSIS QUI OBIIT
ANNO D. MCCCXVI DlE XXII MENSIS DECEMBRIS.

     The text of the epitaph is also transcribed in Colonna, I Colonna. Dalle origini all'inizio del secolo XIX, p. 43; and in Mattioli, Studio critico sopra Egidio Romano Colonna, arcivescovo di Bourges, dellOrdine romitano di sant Agostino, p. 40.

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SAN PEDRO, O. de M., Domingo de (?-1307)

Birth. (No date found), Barcelona.

Education. Entered the Order of Our Lady of Mercy (Mercedarians).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal in 1302 (1).

Death. 1307, Barcelona. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 69; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 337; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 13.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 337; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 69; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 13, denies that he was ever promoted to the cardinalate.

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REGINALDO, O.F.M. (?-1305)

Birth. (No date found), Umbria.

Education. Entered the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Lector of theology at the Apostolic Palace in 1298.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Rouen (?).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal by Pope Boniface VIII (1).

Death. 1305 (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 68-69; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 337-338; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1929, p. 137; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 13.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 337; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 69; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 13, says that he was never promoted to cardinal; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1929, p. 137, indicates that he is confused with Eudes Rigaud, O.F.M., archbishop of Rouen, and that he should be eliminated from the list of cardinals.

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SURDI, Stefano (?-1303)

Birth. (No date found). His last name is also listed as de Surdis and de' Surdi.

Education. (No information found)

Early life. Chaplain of Pope Boniface VIII.

Cardinalate. He is mentioned by some sources as a cardinal created by Pope Boniface VIII.

Death. 1303, Rome. Buried in the basilica of Saint Peter at the Vatican; his tomb was later transferred to the church of S. Balbina, Rome; the funeral monument has the following inscription: "Johs filius magis Cosmati fecit hoc opus".

Links. His tomb, church of S. Balbina, Rome; and detail of the funeral monument.

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