The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Clement V (1305-1314)
Consistory of December 15, 1305 (I)
Celebrated in Lyon


(1) 1. LA CHAPELLE TAILLEFERT, Pierre de (?-1312)

Birth. (No date found), La Chapelle-Taillefert, diocese of Limoges, France. Son of Étienne de la Chapelle Taillefert. His second last name is also listed as Taillefer and as della Capella.

Education. He studied law.

Early life. Provost of the chapter of the collegiate church of Saint-Étienne d'Eymoutiers, Limousin. Professor of law at the University of Orléans in 1270; among his students was future Pope Clement V. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris, 1287-1290. Aumônier of King Philippe IV le Bel of France, 1285-1314.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Carcassone, May 15, 1291. Consecrated, November 15, 1291, Rome, by Pope Nicholas IV. Transferred to the see of Toulouse, October 25, 1298; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Member of the royal council.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of December 15, 1305; entered the papal curia in Avignon on January 30, 1306. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Palestrina in December 1306; took possession of the see, June 1, 1307; on that same year, the city of Palestrina was restored from its ruins. In 1306, he was sent, with Cardinal Bérenguer Frédol, seniore, to Albi to supervise the conduct of Bishop Bernard de Castanet, future cardinal; he suspended the bishop's inquisitorial faculties. Named grand inquisitor in 1308 for the process of the Knights Templar, which were suppressed by the papal bull of April 3, 1312.

Death. May 16, 1312, Avignon (1). Buried in the choir of the collegiate church of Sainte-Marie de La Chapelle-Taillefert, which he had founded in 1311 (1). The mausoleum was dismounted in 1767 and transported to Guéret; it disappeared after October 6, 1791.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 75-76; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 372-373; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 343-344; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 139; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14, 37, 48, 166 and 488.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, toward the end of the page, under "Pierre de La Chapelle-Taillefert 25 octobre 1298 - 15 décembre 1305"; and his arms and biography, in French, p. 343-344.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 139, and it also indicates that other sources say that he died in his place of birth; his first biography in French, linked above, says that he died in Limoges and not in Avignon; and his second biography in French, also linked above, says that he died in Avignon.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph taken from his first biography in French, linked above:

FAMA, GENVS, MORES, QVID OPES PROSINT ET HONORES
ASPICE, QVI MEMOR ES, FVGE LABENTES SVBITO RES.
ECCE SVB HAC CELLA SITVS EST PETRVS. PLANGE, CAPELLA,
OCCVBVIT STELLA TVA, MORTIS FLANTE PROCELLA.
PETRVM PETRA TEGIT. HEV ! SVB PETRA MODO DEGIT,
QVI LEGES LEGIT, QVI TOT BONA SCRIPTA PEREGIT,
FOMES IVSTITIE, CASTVS, PIVS, ARCA SOPHIE,
ISTIVS ECCL(ES)IE FVNDATOR HONORE MARIE.
CONSTANS, LENIS, PARCVS SIBI, LARGVS EGENIS
HIC FVIT, INDIGENIS SVA PREBENS AC ALIENIS,
CONCILIVM REGIS, LEGVM PROFESSOR ET EGIS
MVLTIPLICISQVE GREGIS PASTOR FVIT, ANCHORA LEGIS,
PRESES AHENTENSIS, LVX SEDIS PARISIENSIS,
CARCASSONE(N)SIS POST HEC ANTISTES ET ENSIS,
LAVDIBVS ANNOSA, QVASI SOLE NOVO RADIOSA,
FIT MAGE FAMOSA TANTO PASTORE THOLOSA.
CVI FELIX OMEN DEDIT AC A CARDINE NOMEN
VRBS PENESTRINA, CECIDIT NECIS INDE RVINA.
ANNO MILLENO TERCENTO DVODENO
TRADITVR AD FVNVS, COLITVR CVM TRINVS ET VNVS
PNEVMATIS OCTABIS OBITVS TEMPVS SITVABIS.
PARCE SIBI, CHRISTE, MICHAEL, TV SANCTE, RESISTE
DEMONIO, TRISTE BARATHRVM NE SENTIAT ISTE.
REX PIE, REX FORTIS, PIETAS TVA DVLCIS AMORIS
LIBERET A PORTIS HVNC PERPETVE, PETO, MORTIS. AMEN.
I. P. LEMOVICI FRATRES FECERE SEPVLCHRVM
HOC AYMIRICI MIRANDO SCHEMATE PVLCHRVM.
HOC LAVS IN TVMVLO PROVENIT A FIGVLO.

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(2) 2. FRÉDOL, seniore, Bérenger de (ca. 1250-1323)

Birth. Ca. 1250, château of Lavérunne, diocese of Maguelone, France. Son of Guillaume de Frédol, seigneur de La Vérunne. Nephew of Pope Clement V. Uncle of Cardinal Bérenger de Frédol, iuniore (1312). He is also listed as Berengario Stedelli; his first name as Berengar and Berengarus; and his last name as Fredoli.

Education. He studied canon law.

Early life. Canon and sub-chantre of the cathedral chapter of Béziers. Abbot of Saint-Aphrodise, Béziers, 1287. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Narbonne. Archdeacon of Corbières. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Aix. Chaplain of Pope Boniface VIII. Professor of law at the University of Bologna. Vicar of Rome in the pontificate of Pope Clement V.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Béziers in 1294; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated, October 28, 1294.As a canonist, the pope charged him with the compilation of the Liber Sextus of decretals. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota toward 1298.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Named grand penitentiary toward 1306. He intervened in the process of the Knights Templar and went to Chinon to offer the absolution to Grand Master Jacques de Molay. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati after August 10, 1309 (probably in December of that year). Legate before King Philippe IV of France in 1312; charged with several missions. Participated in the conclave of 1314-1316, which elected Pope John XXII. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in April 1321. He founded a monastery of canonnesses in Béziers. He wrote a Repertorium iuris.

Death. June 11, 1323 (1), Avignon. Buried in the cathedral of Saint-Nazaire, Béziers.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 77-79; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 373-374; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 345-347; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 139; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14, 39, 45 and 137; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, III, 106-112.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian; his arms and biography, in French, p. 345-347; biography, in French, p. 106-112; biography, in English; biography, in German; biography, in English, toward the end of the page, under "Bérenger de Frédol (Berengarus Fredoli)"; La storia dei Templari e l'apporto delle nuove scoperte, in Italian, by Barbara Frale, in Il Papato e il processo ai Templari. L'inedita assoluzione di Chinon alla luce della diplomatica pontificia, Roma 2003, pp. 9-48 © of the author - Distribuito in formato digitale da "Reti Medievali"; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to , p. 149, Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 14 and 39; his biography in German, linked above; and his second biography in French, linked above (III Idus Iunii); his second biography in French, also linked above, indicates that he died on June 9, 1323 (5 des Idus de Juin).

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(3) 3. CANTELOUP, Arnaud de (?-1313)

Birth. (No date found), Canteloupe, Saint-Estéphe, archdiocese of Bordeaux, France. His father was the seigneur of Canteloup in Guyenne. Close relative (nephew?) of Pope Clement V. His last name is also listed as Chanteloup, Frangier and Frigier and his first name as Arnaud III.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Prior of La Réole, ca. 1280. Archdeacon of Bruliensis, diocese of Agen, ca. 1305. Papal chamberlain.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Bordeaux July 24, 1305; he succeeded his uncle; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, 1306-1310. Dean of Saint Paul, London, May 16, 1307 until his death. He participated in the Council of Vienne against the Knights Templar in 1311. Cardinal protoprete in August 1313.

Death. December 14, 1313 (1), Avignon. Buried (no information found). He left great riches to the church of Bordeaux.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 76-77; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 373; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 348-349; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 139; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14, 43 and 150; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, IV, 211-13.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 348-349; biography, in French, p. 211-213; his engraving; and another engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 139; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 14 and 43; and his second biography in French, linked above; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 373; his first biography in French, linked above, say that he died in 1310; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 77, says that he died in 1332 but cites others sources which indicate that he died in 1310, 1311 or 1313.

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(4) 4. ARNAUD DE PUYANNE, O.S.B., Pierre (?-1306)

Birth. (No date found), Puyanne, Béarn, France. His last name is also listed as Puyanne only; and as Arnaud only; and as Pujance, Puyane and Puyanne; and his first name as Pierre-Arnaud.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in the monastery of Saint-Sever, Gap, Gascogne.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Sainte-Croix of Bordeaux, 1305. Papal chaplain.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio (or of S. Prisca) in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, August 8, 1306.

Death. September 4, 1306, Avignon (1). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 83; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 376-377; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 356-358; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 139; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14 and ; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, IV, 618.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 356-358; biographical entry, in French, p. 618.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 139; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 83; this is doubtful because in 1306 the papal court was not only was not in Avignon, but nobody anticipated that it would be there someday. Pope Clement V was crowned in Lyon, where he created his first promotion of cardinals, and soon traveled to Bordeaux, where an illness retained him until the end of 1306. Soon, he went to Aquitaine, until in March of 1309, he briefly stopped in Avignon. It does not seem that Cardinal Arnaud de Puyanne would have been in Avignon in 1306, which not even in 1309 it was a possession of the church (the Comtat Venaissin, its neighbor, was). The two biographies in French, linked above, do not mention the place of his death, but it is possible that it occurred in Bordeaux, that is where the papal court then was.

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(5) 5. JORZ, O.P., Thomas of (ca. 1250-1310)

Birth. Ca. 1250 (1), London, England. Of a family of Nottingham origin. He had six brothers that also became Dominicans; two of them, Walter and Roland, were to become archbishop of Armagh and primate of Ireland in 1307 and 1311. He was a contemporary of Albert Magnus; and of Tommaso d'Aquino, both future saints. His last name is also listed as Joyce, Jorce, Georce, Anglus and Anglicus. He was called the Cardinal Anglicus.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans). Studied in Paris; obtained a master and doctorate at Oxford University around 1292.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He lectured in theology in Oxford, London and Paris. Elected prior of the Dominican convent in Oxford in 1294; occupied the post until 1296. Provincial of his order in England from 1296 to 1303; he attended the general chapters of Marseille in 1300; Cologne in 1301; and Toulouse. Confessor of King Edward I of England. In 1304, he went to Rome on matters of his order and for the "secret mission" of the king of England. He was sent by the king before the the new pope, who was in Lyon, in October 1305.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sabina in the consistory of December 15, 1305. He resided in the papal curia and acted as proctor for Kings Edward I and Edward II of England; on May 6, 1307, King Edward I wrote him urging the canonization of Bishop Robert Grosseteste of Lincoln; and at the request of King Edward II on April 17, 1308, he promoted the canonization process of Thomas de Canteloupe of Hereford, which was successfully concluded ten years after the death of the cardinal. Named legate in Italy for the coronation of Emperor Henry VII as king of Lombardy in Milan on January 6, 1311; he left Avignon on October 25, 1310 and died suddenly during the trip. He authored works on piety and doctrine (2), notably on the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary.

Death. December 13, 1310, in odor of sanctity, Grenoble. His body was transferred to Oxford and buried in the Dominican convent, Blackfriars.

Bibliography. Baxter, Dudley. England's cardinals. With an appendix showing the reception of the sacred pallium by the archbishops of Canterbury and Westminster. London : Burns & Oates ; New York : Benzinger, 1903, pp. 22-23; Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, pp. 19-20; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 79-81; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 374-375; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 139-140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14 and 46; Heseltine, George Coulehan. The English cardinals. With some account of those of other English-speaking countries. London : Burns Oates & Washbourne, 1931, pp. 42-43; Isaacson, Charles S. The story of the English cardinals. London : Elliot Stock, 1907, pp. 54-56; Quinlan, John. Our English cardinals, including the English pope. Alcester ; Dublin : C. Goodliffe Neale, 1972, pp. 24; Schofield, Nicholas ; Skinner, Gerard. The English cardinals. Oxford, UK : Family Publications, 2007, p. 41-42; Williams, Robert Folkestone. Lives of the English cardinals, including historical notices of the papal court, from Nicholas Breakspear (Pope Adrian IV) to Thomas Wolsey, Cardinal Legate. 2 vols. Westmead, England : Gregg International, 1969. Responsibility: London, Wm. H. Allen & Co., 1868, I, 368-377.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; biography, in German; his arms in a stained-glass window, Dominican priorate, Oxford, England; his portrait, fresco in the former Dominican convent, Treviso, Italy; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, except his biography in German, linked above, which says that he was born ca. 1230 (?).
(2) This is a list of his works, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 374: Scriosit super quatuor libros Sententiarum; Postillam in Psalterium; Sermones per Annum; De Doctrina Scholarium; De Conceptione beatæ Virignis; In Genesun Commentaria; Super Boëtium Consolatione; Contra Ioannem Scotum; De Concordantia librorum S. Thomæ Aquinatis; Postillas in Proverbia Salomonis; In Canticum Canticorum; In libros S. Augustinis de Civitate Dei; Quodliberta; Adueriníns Iconoclastas; Quæstiones Theologicas; De Statu Animarum post mortem; Scripsisie etiam dicitur à Pitsæo librum unum in Isaiam, & alterum in Hieremiam; Liber de beata visione; De paupertate Christi.

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(6) 6. FRÉAUVILLE, O.P., Nicolas de (ca. 1250-1323)

Birth. Ca. 1250, Fréauville, near Neufchâtel, archdiocese of Rouen, France. Second son of Colard de Fréauville. His last name is also listed as Caignet de Fréauville and as Farinola.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) in Rouen.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of philosophy and theology at La Sorbonne University, Paris. Elected prior. Named confessor of King Philippe IV le Bel of France in 1295 because of the influence of his relative Enguerrand de Marigny, favorite of the monarch. At the culminate moment in the dispute between the French king and Pope Benedict VIII, the later convoked him to Rome but he never did go. Mediator between the French and the Flemish in 1304. The king of France requested his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Eusebio in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Attended the Council of Vienne in 1311. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1312 to 1313, when he resigned the post. Legate in France in 1313 to preach the Crusade. Commendatario of the title of S. Prassede from 1312 until 1321. Cardinal protoprete in 1313. Participated in the conclave of 1314-1316, which elected Pope John XXII. Administrator of the title of S. Sabina on October 10, 1316. Author of numerous works on liturgy.

Death. January 15 (or February 14), 1323 (1), Avignon. Buried in the Dominican convent of Avignon; his heart was taken to Rouen; in the 16th century, his tomb was destroyed by the Calvinists and his bones dispersed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 81-82; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 375-376; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 350-352; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14 and 42; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, III, 413-416.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 350-352; biography, in French, p. 413-416; his portrait on a fresco in the former Dominican convet of San Nicolò, now Seminary of Treviso; miniature presiding the ceremony of the taking of the habit of crusader by King Philippe IV of France; his genealogy; and two engravings.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, except his second biography in French, linked above, which says that he died on one of those two days but in the following year, 1324.

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(7) 7. SUISY, Étienne de (?-1311)

Birth. (No dater found), Suisy, near Laon, France. His last name is also listed as Suissy, Suizy and Suzy. He was called the Cardinal of Bruges.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Garde des sceaux in January 1290. Vice-chancellor of the king of France in February 1290; chancellor from 1302 to 1304. Archdeacon of Bruges, diocese of Tournai; he was called the archdeacon of Flanders.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tournai in 1300; he was not confirmed. Attended the Assembly of the Clergy of France celebrated in Paris in 1302.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Ciriaco alle Terme in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Prior of Ispagnac, diocese of Mende, in 1307. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, 1310 to 1311.

Death. December 10, 1311, Vienne (1). Buried in the cloister of the Benedictine abbey of Saint-Jean, Laon (2).

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 278; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 82-83; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 376; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 353-355; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14, 41 and 489, n. 3.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 353-355; his arms and biographical entry, in French, p. 278; and his engravings.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 140; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 376; and his second biography in French, linked above, say that he died in Avignon; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 83, says that he died in Vienne but adds that other sources indicate that he died in Avignon; his first biography in French, linked above, says that he died in the abbey of Saint-Nicolas-aux-Bois, diocese of Laon.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 376:

De Suisy natus Stephanus iacet hic tumulatus,
Qui se gessit ita vivendo, quod Archilevita
Burgensis pridem, mox Cancellarius idem
Aula Regalis fuit, Inde Cardiquenalis.
M. semel, & C. ter, V. bis, semel I. nece tetier
Factus, decessit Decembri, cui requies sit.

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(8) 8. PELLEGRUE, Arnaud de (?-1331)

Birth. (No date found), château Lamothe, diocese of Bazas (1), France. Of the ancient and noble house of de la Mothe Pellegrue. Relative (nephew?) of Pope Clement V. His first name is also listed as Arnaldo; and his last name as Pelagura, Pelaugrue and Pelagrua.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Chartres. From 1295, he was vicar general of Bertrand de Got in Comminges; and later, in Bordeaux.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Named legate in Italy; he left the curia in Avignon on Saturday January 25, 1309; returned on December 10, 1310; he made alliances with the Lombards, with Bologna and with Florence, which he relieved from the interdict. Protector of the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) from 1313. Governor of Bologna; and later of Ferrara, which he had freed from the Venetians. In 1311, he was requested as protector by the Bolognese. Participated in the conclave of 1314-1316, which elected Pope John XXII. He built two chapels in the cathedral of Chartres, one dedicated to Saint-Jérôme, and the other to Saint-Christoph.

Death. August 1331 (2), Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 83-85; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 377-379; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 361-363; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14 and 51.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 361-363; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 140; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 377, says that he was born in Bordeaux (there is a locality near Bordeaux called Pellegrue); his biography in French, linked above, says that he was born in Périgord.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 140, which adds that he did not die in 1335; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 14, n. 6 and 51; his biography in French, linked above, indicates that he died in 1335; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 85, says that he died in 1331, and adds that other sources say that he died in 1335 and, erroneously, in 1321.

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(9) 9. GOT, Raymond de (?-1310)

Birth. (No date found), Villandraut, archdiocese of Bordeaux, France. Son of Arnaud Garcie de Got. Nephew of Pope Clement V and of Cardinal Bérard de Got (1294), on his father's side. Cousin of Cardinal Raymond Guillaume des Forges (1310). His last name is also listed as Gout, Goult, Gouth, Gotto, Goth and Guto.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Archdeacon of Sens. Dean of York, 1305-310.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria Nuova in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Prior of Ogbourne, December 22, 1305. Precentor of Lichfield, 1307 until his death. Named legate in Italy, with Cardinal Niccolò Alberti, O.P., for the coronation of in Milan of Henry VII, future emperor, as king of the Lombards, which took place on January 6, 1311; he could not participate because he died before the coronation took place. Prebendary of Nassington, November 15, 1309 until his death.

Death. June 26, 1310, Avignon. Buried in the church of Saint-Étienne, Agen.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 85-86; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 379; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 364-366; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14 and 51.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 364-366; his engraving.

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(10) 10. ARRUFAT DES FORGES, Guillaume (?-1311)

Birth. (No date found), Cassanet, Gascogne, France. Relative (nephew ?) of Pope Clement V. His last name is also listed as Arcufati, Ruffat, Arrufati, Ruffati and Rufati.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Lyon. Canon of the collegiate church of Saint-Seurin, Bordeaux, from 1301.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano in the consistory of December 15, 1305. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Pudenziana before March 1, 1306 .He was one of the judges in the cause concerning the matter of poverty in the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans). Dean of Salisbury, 1308-1311.

Death. February 24, 1311 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans (Cordeliers) in Avignon.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 83; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 377; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 359-360; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 140; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 14, 46 and 49.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, p. 359-360; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 140; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 14 and 46; his biography in French, linked above, says that it is erroneous to say that he died in 1311.

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