The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
John XXII (1316-1334)
Consistory of December 20, 1320 (III)
Celebrated in Avignon


(10) 1. LA PORTE, Regnaud de (?-1325)

Birth. (No date found), Allassac, diocese of Tulle, France. His first name is also listed as Raynaldus and Reginaldus.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Archdeacon of Combrailles, Limgoes. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Le Puy; later, in 1293, vicar general of the diocese.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Limoges, ca. November 15, 1294; he celebrated a synod. Consecrated (no information found). Promoted to the metropolitan see of Bourges, December 31, 1316; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Nuncio in Flanders in 1317.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo in the consistory of December 20, 1320. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri, March 1321. Obtained in commendam the title of S. Prassede, August 1, 1321. He prescribed the rubrics for the recitation of the divine office.

Death. July or August 1325, Avignon. Buried in the cathedral of Limoges.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 114-117; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 415; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 15, 36, 45, 138 and 301.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 431-433; his tomb, cathedral of Limoges, France; another view of his tomb; and his jascent statue on the tomb.

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(11) 2. LA TOUR, O.F.M., Bertrand de (ca. 1265-1332/1333)

Birth. Ca. 1265, Camboulit, near Figeac, diocese of Cahors, France. Of an ancient noble family. His last name is also listed de La Tour d'Auvergne and Augier de la Tour.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) at the convent of Figeac in the custody of Rodez. Studied theology in Toulouse and Paris. Maître in theology, Paris, 1311 (?).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Regent of the Studium of Toulouse, 1311-1312. Provincial of Aquitaine in 1312; he opposed the Spirituali. On January 29, 1317, he was sent to northern Italy to mediate between Guelfi and Ghibellini; when he surpassed the powers that had been given to him, he tried to justify himself, writing to the pontiff. On November 17, 1318, with Bernard Gui, he was named legate with the charge of solving the conflict between France and Flanders. Vicar general of his order. Inquisitor in France.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Salerno, September 3, 1320. Consecrated, October 21, 1320, by Cardinal Bérenger de Frédol, seniore, bishop of Frascati; never entered his see. He received the pallium. The pope granted him several important benefices in France.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of December 20, 1320; retained the administration of his see until April 30, 1321. In the controversy over poverty, he supported the point of view of his order and entered into conflict with the pope, especially when he expressed his views in the general chapter of Perugia in 1322; he was admonished by Pope John XXII with the bull Cum inter nonnullos of November 12, 1323, and he made his submission to the pontiff. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati after June 1, 1323, when Cardinal Frédol died. On Ash Wednesday 1327, he preached before the papal court in Avignon. After the deposition of Minister General Michele de Cesena on June 13, 1328, the pope entrusted Cardinal La Tour with the government of the order as vicar general; he exercised the post until June 10, 1329. In the general chapter of Paris, which he convoked, and thanks to his influences, his compatriot Gérard Études was elected minister general of the order on June 11, 1329. He was authorized to make his will August 13, 1330. He intervened in the public consistory of October 21, 1331. He was a remarkable orator, theologian (doctor famosus) and a man of extensive culture and experience but not with diplomatic ability.

Death. End of 1332 or beginning of 1333 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans (Cordeliers) in Avignon; on March 8, 1333, the dispositions of his will began to be carried out.

Bibliography. Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 34-35; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 415-416; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 415-416; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I ; 434-435; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. ; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 15, 39, 48 and 429; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, p. 357-359; Ritzler, Remigius. "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, LXXI (Gennaio-Giugno 1971), Fasc. I-II, 24-26.

Webgraphy. Bibliography and biography, in English; biography, in French, p. 357-359.biography, in Italian; his engraving and biography, in French, p. 434-435 his sermons on the crusades, in English; another biography in French, p. 357-359; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 143-144; his third biography in French, linked above, says that he died in 1334.

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(12) 3. DES PRÈS, Pierre (ca. 1280/1288-1361)

Birth. Ca. 1280/1288, Montpezat, diocese of Cahors, France. Son of Raimond II des Prés, seigneur of Montpezat, and Aspasie de Montaigut. His last name is also listed as de Pratis, del Prato, Després and Prez.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in civil law at the University of Toulouse.

Early life. Professor of law at the University of Toulouse. Provost of Clermont. Papal chaplain. Auditor of causes of the Apostolic Palace from 1316; as such, he intervened in the process of Hugues Géraud, bishop of Cahors.

Episcopate. Elected bisho of Riez, March 31, 1318. Consecrated, May 7, 1318, Avignon, by Cardinal Niccolò Alberti, O.P., bishop of Ostia e Velletri. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Aix, September 11, 1318; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 20, 1320; received the title of S. Pudenziana after January 28, 1321. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, May 25, 1323. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church, April 1325. In 1329, he was charged with reforming the statutes of the University of Toulouse. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, June 1336. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI. Legate before King Philippe V Valois of France and King Edward III of England in 1342 to negotiate the peace between them; he was able to arrange a truce in Malestroit on January 19, 1343. Built the collegiate church of Saint Pierre in Avignon. Participated in the conclave of 1352, which elected Pope Innocent VI.

Death. May 16, 1361 (1), of the plague, at an advanced age, Avignon. Buried on June 13, 1362, in the tomb he had built in the church of Saint-Marin in Montpezat, where he had founded a collegiate chapter.

Bibliography. Albanès, Joseph Mathias Hyacinthe ; Chevalier, Ulysse. Gallia christiana novissima. Histoire des archevêchés, évêques et abbayes de France. 7 vols. 1895-1920, III. 869-875. Other Title : Gallia Christiana. Responsibility: D'après les documents authentiques recueillis dans les registres du Vatican et les archives locales. Complétée, annotée et publiée par le chanoine Ulysse Chevalier, I, col. 79-80and col. 603-604; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 117-118; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 416-417; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 436-445; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 15, 37, 46, 96 and 417.

Webgraphy. Engraving of his tomb and biography, in French, p. 436-445; biography, in French, col. 79-80; biography, in French, col. 603-604; biography, in French; biography, in French, toward the end of the page; biography, in French, toward the end of the page, under "Pierre des Prés"; Extraict de l'Obituaire du Chapitre de Montpezat, in French, at the end of the page; his jascent statue and biography, in French; his jascent statue; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to the Fench sources; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, 144; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 15 and 37.

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(13) 4. ARCHIAC, Simon d' (?-1323)

Birth. (No date found), Archiac, Saintonge, France. Son of Aymar II, seigneur d'Archiac, and Marguerite de Rochechouart. He had four brothers, Aymar, Foucaud, Guillaume and Aymery; they all followed a military career, except Guillaume, who became a Franciscan (Cordelier).

Education. (No information foumd).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Béziers. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Saintes in 1318; later its dean; in 1318, he was sent before Pope John XXII by King Philippe le Long of France for important state affairs. Papal chaplain. Counselor of King Philippe V of France. On his return from the papal court, he was promoted to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Vienne, September 3, 1319; the pope announced the election to the king of France the following September 19; on November 9, he received permission to prorogue his episcopal consecration for a year. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prisca in the consistory of December 20, 1320; named administrator of his archdiocese the following day; kept the post until February 27, 1321. On May 5, 1323, in Avignon, he prepared his will.

Death. May 14, 1323, Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 118-120; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 417; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 446-447; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 15, 46 and 527.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 446-447; brief biographical data, in French; his portrait, diocese of Saintes (later La Rochelle), France.

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(14) 5. RABASTENS, O.S.B., Pilfort de (?-ca. 1330 or 1331)

Birth. (No date found), château of Saint-Géry, Rabastens, (now diocese of Albi), France. Of the noble family of the counts of Saint-Georges. Son of Pelfort II de Rabastens. His first name is also listed as Pilporc, Piéfort, Pilofortis, Pilusfortis, Pelfort and Peloforte; and his last name as Rabestenca.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines). Received the diaconate in Toulouse.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Lombez in 1295 (1). Archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Toulouse.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Pamiers, January 17, 1312. Transferred to the see of León, March 16, 1317; given the faculty of receiving the episcopal consecration from any bishop and within six months, June 11, 1317. Transferred to the see of Rieux, October 19, 1317; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found). Participated in the synod of Toulouse in 1319.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in the consistory of December 20, 1320. Cardinal protoprete in December 1328 (?).

Death. Toward 1330 or 1331 (2), (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 120; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 418; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 448; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 39, 94. 299, and 421.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 448; his genealogy, under "De Rabastens Pelfort II"; biography, in French, col. 256-257.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 144; his second biography in French, linked above, says that he was named in 1310.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, 39, says that he died in 1330; his second biography in French, linked above; and Johann Heinrich Zedler and Carl Günther Ludovici. Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschafften und Künste (64 v. Graz, Adakemische Druck, 1961- . Reprint. Originially published : Halle : J. H. Zedler, 1732-50. Vols. 19-64 ed. by Carl Günther Ludovici), say that he died in 1321.

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(15) 6. LE TESSIER, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, Pierre. (?-1325)

Birth. (No date found), St Antonin, diocese of Cahors (now Montauban), France. His last name is also listed as Textor, Textoris, Teissier, Teyssier and Tixier.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine. Obtained a doctorate in canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Prior of the abbey of Saint-Sernin, Toulouse; later, its abbot in 1318. Nuncio in Sicily in 1317. Papal chaplain. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church ca. 1318.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio in the consistory of December 20, 1320.

Death. Between April 1 and 7, 1325 (1), Avignon. Buried no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 119-120; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 17-418; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 449-450; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16 and 47.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 449-450.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 144, which adds that he did not die in June of that year nor in 1330; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 418, says that he died in 1330; Johann Heinrich Zedler and Carl Günther Ludovici. Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschafften und Künste (64 v. Graz, Adakemische Druck, 1961- . Reprint. Originially published : Halle : J. H. Zedler, 1732-50. Vols. 19-64 ed. by Carl Günther Ludovici), says that he died in Avignon in toward 1330 and that he died als er schon das 70 Jahr zur|ck gelegt (having passed seventy years).

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(16) 7. LE ROUX, Raymond (?-1325)

Birth. (No date found), diocese of Cahors, France. Close relative (nephew?) of Pope John XXII. His first name is also listed as Raignie; and his last name as Ruffo, Russo and Rosso.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Protonotary apostolic.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in the consistory of December 20, 1320. Pope John XXII held a grand banquet in his honor in March 1321. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Crisogono in 1325.

Death. November 1325 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans (Cordeliers) in Avignon.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 120-121; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 118; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 451; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16 and 51.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 451.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 144; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 16 and 51; Charles Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous les temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... (Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969), col. 1442, and his first biography in French, linked above, indicate that he died in 1342.

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