The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
John XXII (1316-1334)
Consistory of December 18, 1327 (IV)
Celebrated in Avignon


(17) 1. COMMINGES, Jean-Raymond de (?-1348)

Birth. (No date found), Comminges, France. Son of Count Bernard VI of Comminges and Laure de Montfort. His last name is also listed as Convenis.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Narbonne.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Maguelone, July 29, 1309; he had not yet received the necessary sacred orders or reached the canonical age. Consecrated (no information found). Attended the Council of Vienne, 1311-1312, which suppressed the Order of the Knights Templar (1); he subscribed the decrees that were published. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Toulouse, November 13, 1317; he was its first archbishop; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. He celebrated a synod in June 1319. Founded in Toulouse the convent of Saint-Pantaléon of the Canonesses Regular of Saint Augustine, which he richly endowed.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina in mid-1331. He entered the papal curia in Avignon in March 1331. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which, after he declined the election to the pontificate, elected Pope Benedict XII. In 1341, he was the arbiter in the difference between the bishop of Maguelone and Philipp de Levis concerning the jurisdiction of the Castle of Poissonne. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI. He wrote a book on the passion of Our Lord Jesus Christ and a collection of sermons for the holidays.

Death. 1348 (or November 20, 1344 or in 1349), Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, II, 634; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 121-122; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 418-419 and 455-478; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 452-453; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 37, 48, 320 and 488; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, III, 135-138.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 452-453; biography, in French, p. 135-138; biography, in French, p. 634.

(1) Its full name was Poor Knights of Christ and of the Temple of Solomon; the order was suppressed by Pope Clement V because of the pressure of King Philippe V of France in spite of the fact that the pope had found the knights innocent of heresy in trials that took place in Rome between 1307 and 1312. In October 2007, the Vatican Archives displayed copies of the parchments that showed the pope's original decision declaring them innocent; the documents were published in a limited edition, leather-bound volume 800 copies; one copy went to Pope Benedict XVI and the rest went for sale to libraries, collectors and "templar associations".

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(18) 2. CECCANO, Annibaldo di (ca. 1280/1282-1350)

Birth. Ca. 1280/1282, castello of Ceccano, Campagna. Of a noble family. Son of Count Berardo II de Ceccano and Perna Caetani-Stefaneschi. Nephew of Cardinal Giacomo Caetani Stefaneschi (1295), on his mother's side. Other cardinals of the family were Gregorio Gaetani (1099); Giordano di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1188); Stefano di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1212); and Teobaldo di Ceccano, O.Cist. (1275). He is also listed as Annibaldo Annibaldi (Gaetani) di Ceccano; and as Annibaldo Gaetani da Ceccano; and his first name is also listed as Annibal; and as Hanibaldus; and his last name as Gaetani.

Education. Studied theology at the University of Paris from 1308; obtained a maître in theology; and also, a doctorate in canon law.

Early life. Obtained a benefice in the diocese of Aquino on December 25, 1296. Provost of the church of S. Pietro di Foresta, diocese of Pontecorvo. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Ferentino and Veroli. He obtained the rural church of S. Nicola di Gandulphis, diocese of Terracina, in the pontificate of Pope John XXII; he resigned the post at the end of 1325. In 1313, he resigned a canonicate in the cathedral chapter of Alatri. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Braga and Viseu. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Arras, with dispensation of residence obtained by his uncle the cardinal; later, in 1318, its archdeacon. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Reimas and Paris, ca. 1316. He received the diaconate in 1318. Provisor of the maison of the Sorbonne, University of Paris in 1320. In 1323, he became canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Rome. In 1326, he was named canon and archdeacon of Beaune.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Naples, May 5, 1326; on that same day, Pope John XXII informed Roberto, king of Naples, and the clergy of the archdiocese, of his election; occupied the see until December 23, 1327, when he was succeeded by his relative Giovanni Orsini. He was ordained priest and consecrated bishop before June 1, 1326. He resided in his see until the end of 1327, when he was called back to Avignon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Lucina in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Cardinal protoprete toward 1330. In 1331, he solved a grave discord between the bishop of Paris and La Sorbonne University. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati in 1333. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. He was named legate with the charge of reconciling Queen Giovanna I of Naples and Lajos, king of Hungary, who had gone to Naples to vindicate the assassination of his brother, Endre, husband of that queen. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1342. Named legate, with Cardinal Pierre des Prés, to promote the peace between the kings of France and England; he left Avignon on July 1, 1342; he was present at the battle of Crêcy; he dedicated the church of La Sorbonne University in Paris on October 13, 1347. In 1347, he was sent as legate to Germany, before Karl, king of the Romans, who had been elected emperor instead of Ludwig von Bavaria. He left as legate for Lombardy on January 15, 1349. He went to Benevento to determine the borders of that duchy with the Papal States. He governed Rome during with ample faculties during the Jubilee of 1350; he excommunicated Cola di Rienzo for having pierced his red hat with a dart. He went to Ceccano in 1350 while on his way to Naples. He wrote poetry and corresponded with Francesco Petrarca.

Death. July 17 (or in August) 1350 (it is rumored that he was poisoned), castle of S. Giorgio, near Monte Cassino, Campagna, while returning to Naples. His body, dressed in a Franciscan habit and embalmed, was transferred to Rome and buried in the tomb of his uncle the cardinal, in the chapel of Ss. Lorenzo e Giorgio in the patriarchal Vatican basilica.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 122-125; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 419-424; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 39, 43 and 360; Dykmans, Marc. "Le cardinal Annibal de Ceccano (vers 1282-1350). Étude biographique et testament du 17 juin 1348", Bulletin de l'institut historique belge de Rome, XLIII (1973), 145-344; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, III, 251-254; Zigarelli, Daniello Maria. Biografie dei vescovi e arcivescovi della chiesa di Napoli con una descrizione del clero, della cattedrale, della basilica di s. Restituta e della cappella del tesoro di s. Gennaro. Napoli: Tipografico di G. Gioja, 1861, p. 72-73.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, diocese of Frascati; biography by Pierre Féret, in French, La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Moyen âge. Volume 3, p. 251-254; biographical data, in English, Wikipedia; his portrait in a mural (1790-1810), cathedral of Frascati, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb); Saviour Blessing (tympanum) and Madonna of Humility (lunette) by Simone Martini (the donor kneeling before the Madonna, in the lunette, is probably Cardinal Ceccano), Web Gallery of Art.

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(19) 3. FOURNIER, O.CIST., Jacques (ca. 1280/1285-1342)

Birth. Ca. 1280/1285, Canté, Saverdun, diocese of Pamiers, France. His father was perhaps a miller (1). Nephew of Cardinal Arnaud Nouvel, O.Cist. (1310), on his mother's side (2). Relative (uncle?) of Cardinal Guillaume Court, O.Cist. (1338). Relative of Pope John XXII (?). His first name is also listed as Jacopo and Iacobus; his last name as Fornerio. He was called the Cardinal Blanc because of the color of his religious habit.

Education. Entered the Order of Cîteaux (Cistercians) in the abbey of Boulbonne, diocese of Mirepoix. Resided in Collège des Bernardins, Paris; obtained a doctorate in theology at the Theological Faculty of Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Fontfroide, archdiocese of Narbonne, in 1311; succeeded his uncle the cardinal. Inquisitor of the province of Toulouse.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Pamiers, March 19, 1317. Consecrated, Rome, by Cardinal Niccolò Alberti, O.P., bishop of Ostia e Velletri. He left the papal curia on August 21, 1317. Transferred to the see of Mirepoix, March 2, 1326; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prisca in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Cardinal protoprete toward 1333. Participated in the conclave of 1334 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on December 20, 1334, in Avignon. Took the name Benedict XII. Crowned on January 8, 1335, church of the Dominicans, Avignon, by Cardinal Napoleone Orsini, protodeacon of S. Adriano. He created seven cardinals in one consistory.

Death. April 25, 1342, in odor of sanctity, Avignon. Buried in the cathedral of Notre-Dame des Doms, Avignon; his tomb was almost totally destroyed during the French Revolution and rebuilt in the 19th century. The Cistercian martyrology venerates him as a blessed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 125-126; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 424-425; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 473-476; Duvernoy, Jean. Le régistre d'inquisition de Jacques Fournier (Évêque de Pamiers), 1318-1325. Paris ; New York : Mouton, 1978. (Civilisations et sociités ; 43); "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 144-145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 17, 46, 94 and 344; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, III, 572-576; Felten, F.J. "Le pape Benoît XII (1334-1342) et les Frères Prêcheurs", in: La Papauté d'Avignon et le Languedoc : 1316-1342. Toulouse : E. Privat, 1991. (Cahiers de Fanjeaux ; 26). Note: "Ouvrage publié avec le concours du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique et de la Direction des Archives de France"; Guillemain, Bernard. "Benedetto XII." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 524-530; Guillemain, Bernard. La politique bénéficiale du pape Benoît XII, 1334-1342. Paris, H. Champion, 1952. (Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études,; fasc. 299; Variation: Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études.; Sciences historiques et philologiques ; 299. fasc.); Ilari, Annibale. "Benedetto XII." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 131-132; Jacob, Karl. Studien über Papst Benedict XII. (20. Dezember 1334 bis 25. April 1342). . Berlin: Trenkel, 1909. (History,; 533); Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 217-219; Mahn, Jean-Berthold. Le pape Benoît XII et les cisterciens. Paris : H. Champion, 1949. (Bibliothèque de l'École des hautes études. Sciences historiques et philologiques, 295 fasc; Variation: Bibliothèque de l'école des hautes études.; Sciences historiques et philologiques ; 295 fasc.). Note: Appendix: Protestation des abbés cisterciens contre la réforme projetée par Benoît XII; Le registre d'inquisition de Jacques Fournier. 3 vols. Translated by Jean Duvernoy. Paris : Bibliothhque des introuvables, 2004, 1977; Schmitt, Clement. Un pape réformateur et un défenseur de l'unité de l'Église: Benoît XII et l'Ordre des frères mineurs, 1334-1342. Quaracchi, College Saint-Bonaventure, 1959; Wetter, Friedrich. Die Lehre Benedikts XII. vom intensiven Wachstum der Gottesschau. Romae : Apud aedes Universitatis Gregorianae, 1958. Thesis (doctoral)--Pdpstliche Gregorianische Universitdt, 1956. (Analecta Gregoriana ; vol. 92.; Series Facultatis Theologicae. Sectio B ; n. 31; Variation: Analecta Gregoriana ; v. 92.; Analecta Gregoriana.; Series Facultatis Theologicae.; Sectio B ; n. 31).

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; biography, in English (Britannica); his engraving and biography, in French, p. 473-476; portrait and biography, in English; biography, in German; biography, in French, p. 572-576; his bust and biography, in English, second on the page; biographical entry, in English; his portrait, attributed to Giuseppe Franchi, 17th century, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, Milan; his tomb and his portrait by Henri Ségur, Palais des papes, Avignon; his engraving by an anonymous artist, 19th century; another engraving; miniature of Pope Benedict XII preaching the crusade; miniature of Pope Benedict XII and the messengers of China; another miniature of the pope and the messengers of China; Abbaye de Fontfroide, in French (the biography of the pope is at the end of the page); his bust by Paolo da Siena, grotto of the patriarchal Vatican basilica; detail of the same bust; another view of the bust; his tomb, cathedral of Notre-Dame des Doms, Avignon; and more images of his tomb.

(1) Féret, La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs, III, 572, indicates that his father was a baker ("fournier" or worker of the oven) and that the cardinal's last name was Nouveau (Novelli) although he was known by his father's humble profession.
(2) This is according to Guillemain, Bernard. "Benedetto XII." Enciclopedia dei papi, II, 524; and Ilari, "Benedetto XII." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente, p. 131; other sources say that he was a paternal uncle.

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(20) 4. MOSTUÉJOULS, O.S.B., Raymond de (?-1335)

Birth. (No date found), château of Mostuéjouls, diocese of Rodez, France. Son of Richard de Mostuéjouls and his wife, Guillelmine. His first name is also listed as Raimondo; and his last name as Mustojoli and Vehens de Mostuejouls.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in the monastery of Saint-Guillaume du Désert, diocese of Lodève. Obtained a doctorate in law.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Prior of the monastery of Saint-Flour.

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of Saint-Flour, July 31, 1317; he was consecrated in the papal curia in Avignon. Transferred to the see of Saint-Papoul, April 16, 1319; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Eusebio in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Cardinal protoprete in December 1334.

Death. November 12, 1335, Avignon. Buried in Saint-Guilhem-du-Désert, diocese of Montpellier.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 125-127; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 425; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 454-455; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 42, 251 and 390.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 454-455.

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(21) 5. MORTEMART, Pierre de (?-1335)

Birth. (No date found), Mortemart, diocese of Limoges, France. Of a modest family. His last name is also listed as Gouin, Gauvain, Grouin, Gauvaing, Govani, Morthemard, Mortuomari, Mortomare and Mortuummare. He was called the Cardinal of Viviers. Uncle of Cardinal Pierre de Banac, O.S.B. (1368).

Education. He studied law.

Early life. Professor of law at the University of Toulouse. Canon chantre of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Bourges. Counselor of King Charles le Bel of France. He had received the subdiaconate at the time of his promotion to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Viviers, June 16, 1322. Consecrated (no information found). Plenipotentiary of the king of France to conclude the peace with England, May 25, 1325. Transferred to the see of Auxerre, October 7, 1325; took possession the following November 2; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Stefano al Monte Celio in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Commendatario of the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro in January 1328 (1). In 1334, he founded in Mortemart a convent of Carmelites, with a hospital; a convent of Augustinians, with a collège; and a monastery of Carthusians. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII.

Death. April 14, 1335, Avignon. Buried in a church that he had built in Mortemart.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 127-128; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 425-426; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 456-459; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 47, 120 and 533; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, XIX, 334-335.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 456-459; biography, in French, p. 334-335; and his arms and biography, in French.

(1) According to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 145, and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 16, Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, col. 425-426, erroneously indicate that he was named cardinal bishop of the suburbicarian see of Sabina; those two sources add that he is mistaken with Cardinal Pedro Gómez de Barroso, el viejo. His first biography in French, linked above, also says that he was bishop of Sabina.

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(22) 6. DES CHAPPES, Pierre (?-1336)

Birth. (No date found), Villemeux, near Nogent-le-Roi, parish of Saint-Pierre de Cappes (or Chappes or Capis or Cappy), diocese of Troyes, France. His last name is also listed as de Cappy Capis, Choppes, Copis and Campis. He was called the Cardinal of Chartres.

Education. Initial studies in Chartres; later, he obtained a doctorate in law.

Early life. Cleric of the diocese of Troyes. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Chartres. Regent in law at the University of Orléans. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Reims, 1312 until February 2, 1321; succeeded by his nephew of the same name. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Amiens from 1315. Royal counselor in the parliament of Paris in 1315. Chancellor of France, 1317 to January 21, 1320. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Amiens. Treasurer of the cathedral chapter of Laonfrom 1317.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Arras, October 29, 1320; on February 1, 1321, he was granted permisssion to prorogue his episcopal consecration. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Chartres, May 21, 1326; he never visited his diocese; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Together with Pierre de Mortemart, bishop of Auxerre and future cardinal, he was sent by King Charles le Bel of France to the English court to negotiate the peace between the two kingdoms.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Commendatario of the title of S. Clemente from 1328 to 1331. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Cardinal protoprete in November 1335.

Death. Sunday March 24, 1336, Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 308; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 128-129; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 426; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 460-462; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 47, 115 and 167; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, 129-130.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 460-462; biography, in French, p. 129-130; his arms and biographical entry, in French, p. 308.

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(23) 7. ORSINI, O.P., Matteo (?-1340)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of a noble family. Son of Orso Orsini di Montegiordano (o Campo dei fiori), and Francesca del Cardinale. His last name is also listed as des Ursins, Orsini di Monte Giordano and Guimerá di Agrigento. Nephew of Cardinal Francesco Napoleone Orsini (1295). The family gave the church several popes and cardinals: Celestine III (1191-1198); Nicholas III (1277-1280); Benedict XIII (1724-1730); Matteo Orsini (1262); Latino Malabranca Orsini, O.P. (1278); Giordano Orsini (1278); Napoleone Orsini (1288); Gian Gaetano Orsini (1316); Rinaldo Orsini (1350); Giacomo Orsini (1371); Poncello Orsini (1378); Tommaso Orsini (1382/85); Giordano Orsini, iuniore (1405); Latino Orsini (1448); Cosma Orsini, O.S.B. (1480); Giovanni Battista Orsini (1483); Franciotto Orsini (1517); Flavio Orsini (1565); Alessandro Orsini (1615); Virginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1641); and Domenico Orsini d'Aragona (1743).

Education. Studied in France. Entered the Order of the Preachers (Dominicans) at the end of 1294; studied in Bologna and in Paris; maître in theology.

Early life. Canon of Saint-Étienne.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of Sacred Scriptures in Paris; later, in Florence. Provincial of Rome in 1322. Definitor general of his order. He assured in perpetuity, by a considerable legacy, the celebration of the general chapters of the order. Ambassador of the Roman people to the pope to invite him to return to Rome.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Grigenti (Agrigento), October 20, 1326. Consecrated in late October or early November 1326, by Cardinal Guillaume Pierre Godin, O.P., bishop of Sabina. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Manfredonia (Siponto), June 15, 1327; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Administrator of the metropolitan see of Palermo from 1334 to 1336. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Cardinal protoprete in March 1336. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina, December 18, 1338.

Death. August 18, 1340 (or 1341), in odor of sanctity, Avignon. Buried in the chapel of S. Catarina, which he had built, in the church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome. Some authors give him the title of blessed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 129-130; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 426-427; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 38, 42, 78 and 453; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, III, 418-419.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, no. 4, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography, in Italian; biography, in French, p. 418-419; his portrait, Italian Shop (1600-1610), diocese of Agrigento, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb); his portrait, fresco in the former Dominican convent in Treviso; his tomb, church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome; detail of his tomb; Cronotassi degli Arcivescovi di Palermo, in Italian; and his engraving.

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(24) 8. GÓMEZ BARROSO, el viejo, Pedro (?-1348)

Birth. (No date found), Toledo, Spain. Son of Fernán Pérez Barroso, señor of Parla, and Mencía García de Sotomayor. Grand-uncle of Cardinal Pedro Gómez Barroso, el joven (1371). His last name is also listed as Gometii. He was callled the Cardinal of Toledo and the Spanish Cardinal.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Counselor of state and friend of King Alfonso XI of Castilla. Prior of Sevilla. Canon maestrescuela of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Toledo. Promoted to the episcopate at the request of the king of Castilla.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cartagena. Murcia, September 3, 1326; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prassede in the consistory of December 18, 1327; the pope sent him the red hat to Castilla. Named legate before King Alfonso XI of Castilla to promote the peace between the monarch and the Castillian nobles. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals from March 5, 1331 until July 1340, when he resigned the post. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Archdeacon of Torrellas, Zaragoza. Pope Benedict XII by the bull Dum ad personam, of June 2, 1335, named him rector of the church of Guadalupe; in 1341, he became its first secular prior. Together with Cardinal Bertrand de Montfavez, he was named legate before the kings of France and England; he received special powers for France; he left for his legation on July 28, 1337; on August 13, 1337, Pope Benedict XII asked the cardinal to be the arbiter in a dispute between Thierry de Heinsberg and the diocese of Liège concerning the county of Looz; the cardinals legate were witnesses of a transaction between the bishop and the cathedral chapter of Thérouanne on November 29, 1337; they were charged with providing precise reports about the position that the Church should take with King Edward III of England, who had received the title of imperial vicar from Emperor Ludwig von Bavaria; the sentence of excommunication against the English king was sent to the two legates; they returned to the papal curia in Avignon on September 20, 1340. With Cardinal Gómez Barroso's support, Gil Carrillo de Albornoz obtained the archdiocese of Toledo on May 13, 1338. Cardinal primoprete in December 1338. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Sabina in August 1341. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI.

Death. July 14, 1348, Avignon. Buried in the church of the Dominican monastery of Sainte-Praxéde, near Avignon, which he had built in 1341 (1); for this reason, it was called the Spanish church.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 130-131; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 427-428; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p.145 ; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16, 38, 45 and 168; Orive, A. "Gómez Barroso, Pedro.", Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), II, 1027.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Spanish; his genealogy, in Spanish; brief biographical entry, in Spanish.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 428:

PETRVS GOMESII DE BARROSO, NATIONIS HISPANVS,
DE CIVITATE TOLETANA ORIVNDVS,
EX PATRE FERDINANDO PETRI MILITE DE BARROSO,
ET VXORE EIVS MEMSIA GARZIA DE SOTOMAIORI,
QVI CVM ESSET EPISCPVS CARTHAGINENSIS,
PER SANCTAE REC. DOMINVM BENEDICTVM PP. XXII. FVIT
CREATVS CARD. AD TIT. S. PRAXEDIS.
DEINDE PER SANCTAE REC. DOMINVS BENEDICTVS PP. XXII.
FVIT FACTVS EPISCOPVS SABINENSIS, DE BONIS A DEO SIBI COLLATIS,
PRO ANIMA SVA, ET BENEFACTORVM SVORVM, ECCLESIAM ISTAM.
ET MONASTERIVM FVNDAVIT, ET PER DEI GRATIAM
QVOAD FABRICAM COMPLEVIT, ET IBI SVAM SEPVLTVRAM......
AVTEM PER SVAM MESIRECORDIAM, CVIVS EST PERFICERE,
QVOD EST .....CREMENTVM DET..... INTRODVXIT AVTEM
SORO..... TOBVS MISIT AD PRVLIANVM
ANNO DOMINI MCCCLV....MENSIS IVLIII
IN FESTO SANCTAE PRAXEDIS.

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(25) 9. DUPUIS, Imbert (?-1348)

Birth. (No date found), Montpellier, France. Relative (nephew?) of Pope John XXII. His first name is also listed as Jmbert, Hubert, Umberto and Imberto; and his last name as de Puteo, del Pozzo and du Puy. He was called the Cardinal du Puy.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Provost of Saint-Paul-de-Frogtinan, diocese of Maguelone. Protonotary apostolic.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, July 11, 1340 until his death. Cardinal primoprete in August 1341. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI.

Death. May 26, 1348, at an advanced age, Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 132-133; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 430; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660., II, 463-464; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 145-146; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16 and 39.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 463-464; his engraving.

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(26) 10. COLONNA, Giovanni (ca. 1295-1348)

Birth. Ca. 1295, Rome. Son of Stefano Colonna il Vecchio" and Insula Calcedonio. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Giacomo Colonna (1278). Nephew of Cardinal Pietro Colonna (1288). Other cardinals of the family were Giovanni di San Paolo Colonna (1193); Giovanni Colonna (1212); Agapito Colonna (1378); Stefano Colonna (1378); Oddone Colonna (1405), future Pope Martin V; Prospero Colonna (1426); Giovanni Colonna (1480); Pompeo Colonna (1517); Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore (1565); Ascanio Colonna (1586); Girolamo Colonna (1627); Carlo Colonna (1706); Prospero Colonna (1739); Girolamo Colonna di Sciarra (1743); Prospero Colonna di Sciarra (1743); Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore (1759); Pietro Colonna (1766), who took the last name Pamphili.

Education. ... "di buona cultura e probabilmente di formazione giuridica" ... (1)

Early life. Provost of the cathedral chapter of Mainz. Canon chantre of the cathedral chapter of Bayeux. Protonotary apostolic.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria in the consistory of December 18, 1327. Participated in the conclave of 1334, which elected Pope Benedict XII. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica in 1342. Participated in the conclave of 1342, which elected Pope Clement VI. He persuaded the pope to send several Franciscan friars to preach the Gospel in Armenia. He was a friend of Francesco Petrarca, who mentioned him in his letters. He authored a life of the popes from Saint Peter to Boniface VIII.

Death. July 3, 1348 (2), of the plague, Avignon. Buried (no information found)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 131-132; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 428-430; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 146; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 16 and 49.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian; his genealogy, A1 C2 D3 E4; and The Colonna family, in English.

(1) This is according to his biography in Italian, linked above: "of good culture and probably legal formation".
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 146; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 16 and 49; and his biography in Italian, linked above; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 429, indicates that he died on iii Kalen. Iulii anno 1348, which is June 29, 1348.

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