The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Clement VI (1342-1352)
Consistory of September 20, 1342 (I)
Celebrated in Avignon


(1) 1. NABINAL, O.F.M., Élie de (?-1348)

Birth. (No date found), Nabinal, near Auberre, Périgueux, France. Of a nble family. His last name is also listed as Annibaldis, Nabinalis, Nabunal, Nabinaux and Nabinaud. He was called the Cardinal Nicosiense.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in the province of Aquitaine. Obtained a baccalaureate in the theology in Paris in 1329. Pope John XXII granted him the title of magister in theology on May 1, 1331; the chancellor of the diocese of Paris conferred the title.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Provincial of Aquitaine, 1324-1328. Lector Sententiarum at the Studium generale of Paris, 1328-1330. Charged by the pope, in 1329, to proceed against Francesco di Marchia, sympathizer of the Fraticelli, followers of Michele da Cesena, O.F.M., and Ludovico di Bavaria; on December 1, 343, in Avignon, he was present at the reconciliation of Francesco di Marchia. He also played a role in the controversy of the "Beatific Vision".

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Nicosia, November 16, 1331; actualized the diocesan statutes in 1333-1334; celebrated a provincial council in 1340, in which participated Oriental rite bishops as well as Orthodox bishops; as archbishop, he was member of the court of King Hugh IV de Lusignan of Cyprus. Consecrated (no information found). Promoted to the Latin patriarchate of Jerusalem, July 12, 1342, while he was at the papal court in Avignon; retained the administration of the see of Nicosia until his promotion to the cardinalate; occupied the patriarchate also until his promotion to the cardinalate. Attended the general chapter of his order in Marseille in June 1, 1343. He authored numerous sermons and works in theology.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Vitale in the consistory of September 20, 1342.

Death. January 13, 1348 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans in Avignon.

Bibliography. Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 36; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 191-192; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 497; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 149; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 48, 276 and 364; Ritzler, Remigius. "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, LXXI (Gennaio-Giugno 1971), Fasc. I-II, 27-28.

Links. Biography, in French; and brief biographical entry, in Latin, p. 502, under "Elias de Annbaldis".

(1) This is according to all the printed sources except Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 192; and Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 497, which say that he died in 1367; his biography in French, linked above, also says that he died in 1348; is brief biographical entry in Latin, also linked above, says that he died in 1363.

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(2) 2. BOULOGNE, Guy de (ca. 1313/1320-1373)

Birth. Ca. 1313/1320, Boulogne, France. Of a noble family. Son of Count Robert VII of Boulogne and Auvergne, and his second wife, Marie de Flandre. Relative of King Jean II of France. Grand-nephew of King Louis IX of France, future saint. Uncle of Antipope Clement VII. He is also listed as Guy de Montfort Guido de Bolonia, Gui III d'Auvergne and Guido de' Principe. He was called the Cardinal of Boulogne.

Education. "... di penetrante ingegno, e di preclari doti di spirito adorno ... " (1).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Amiens. Archdeacon of Flandre, diocese of Thérouanne.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Lyon, October 11, 1340; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Cecilia in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Named legate before King Lajos of Hungary, who had attacked the kingdom of Naples with a powerful army; he left for his legation on January 15, 1349 and returned on June 7, 1350. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina, in 1350; retained his title in commendam until his death. Sent to Rome to open the Jubilee of 1350. Later, on February 14, 1350, he went to Padua to transfer the relics of S. Antonio di Padova, on the following day (probably from the altar of the relics) to a new location (closer to the chiesetta di S. Maria Mater Domini) in the basilica, after it was expanded and a cupola was built; before leaving Padua, he tried to solve the grave discord between Bertrando di S. Genesio, patriarch of Aquileia, and the count of Gorizia, but was not successful. Commendatario of the title of S. Crisogono from 1351 until his death. Dean of Saint-Martin de Tours, November 13, 1352. Did not participate in the conclave of 1352, which elected Pope Innocent VI. Legate in France in 1352, with another cardinal, to try to establish the peace with England; he was not successful. Legate in England in 1353. Legate in Spain from 1359 to 1361 to establish the peace between the kings of Castilla and Aragón. Participated in the conclave of 1362, which elected Pope Urban V. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1364. Accompanied Pope Urban V to Italy and was present at the coronation of Emperor Charles IV by the pope at the patriarchal Vatican basilica on November 1, 1369. Imperial vicar for Tuscany, with residence in Lucca from February 3, 1369 until March 26, 1370. Participated in the conclave of 1370, which elected Pope Gregory XI; he ordained the new pope to the priesthood on January 2, 1371. Legate of the new pope in Spain to establish the peace between the kings of Castilla and Portugal; a pact between the monarchs restored the territories occupied during the war. At the same time, he tried to established a firm peace agreement between the kings of Castilla, Aragón and Navarra; he was successful in his effort; he died while returning from this legation.

Death. November 25, 1373, Lérida (2). Buried in the abbey of Vauluisant or of Notre-Dame de Bouchet, diocese of Clermont.

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VIII, 56-57; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 161-164; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 493-495; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 501-504; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 149; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 37, 40 and 316; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, X, 330-336; Jugie, Pierre. "Un discours inédit du cardinal Gui de Boulogne, légat en Espagne, prononcé deavnt le roi d'Aragon (24 janvier 1359)", in Les Prélats, l'Église et la société : XIe-XVe siècles : hommage à Bernard Guillemain. By Bériac, Françoise. Guillemain, Bernard ; and Dom, Anne-Marie. Talence : CROCEMS : Université Michel de Montaigne, Bordeaux III, 1994, pp. 219-227.

Links. Biography, in French, p. 330-336; his arms and biography, in French, p. 501-504; biography, in German; his genealogy, in French, p. 56-57; another genealogy, in French; L'activité diplomatique du cardinal Gui de Boulogne en France au milieu du XIVe siècle by Pierre Jugie, Bibliothèque de l'école des chartes, vol 145 (1987) 145-1, 99-127; and Le vicariat impérial du cardinal Gui de Boulogne ` Lucques en 1369-1370 by Pierre Jugie, Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Moyen-Age, Temps modernes , vol 103 (1991) 103-1, 261-357.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 161: adorned with penetrant intelligence and renowned spiritual talents.
(2) This is acording to all the sources consulted except his first biography in French, which says that he died in Caspe on November 27, 1373.

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(3) 3. CHALUS, Aymeric de (?-1349)

Birth. (No date found), château of Chalus, diocese of Limoges, France. He is also listed as Amerigo di Chalus, Aymery de Chalus, Aimerico da Castroluce and Aymericus de Castrolucci; and his last name as Chaslus. Cousin of Pope Clement VI. He was called the Cardinal of Chartres.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, at the University of Bologna.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Limoges in 1314.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Archdeacon of Tours. Papal chaplain. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. Named governor of Ferrara by Pope John XXII.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ravenna, September 24, 1322. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Chartres, May 13, 1332; he founded a chapel dedicated to Saint-Pierre with twelve canons; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Named legate in Lombardy on December 2, 1342; later, legate in Romagna, Corsica and Sardinia. Named legate in Sicily, which he governed for two years in the name of the pope, who was the tutor of Queen Giovanna I after the death of King Roberto I in 1343.

Death. October 31, 1349, Avignon. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 158-160; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 493-494; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 471-472; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 149; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 47, 167 and 415.

Links. Brief biographical entry, in Sapnish; his arms and biography, in French, p. 471-472.

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(4) 4. GHINI MALPIGHI, Andrea (?-1343)

Birth. (No date found), Florence. Of a noble family.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, at La Sorbonne University, Paris

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Tournai. Treasurer of the archdiocese of Reims. Almoner of King Charles le Bel of France toward 1325. Counselor of King Philippe V of France.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Arras, December 18, 1329. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Tournai, September 12, 1334; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Founded Collège des Lombards in Paris in 1334; the monastery of S. Benedetto in Florence; and Collegio di S. Maria di Tournai in Padua. He was a friend of King Philippe de Valois of France.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Susanna in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Named legate in Aragón, he left for his legation on February 1, 1343; his mission was to obtain the peace between Kings Pedro of Aragón and Jaime of Mallorca.

Death. June 2, 1343 , while traveling to Perpignan to meet King Jaime of Mallorca. Buried in the Benedictine monastery in Florence, which he had founded.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 160-161; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 492-493; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 149-150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 48, 115-116 and 489.

Link. Brief biographical data, in Italian.

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(5) 5. AUBERT, Étienne (ca. 1282/1295-1362)

Birth. Ca. 1282/1295, village of Monts, parish of Beyssac, Corrèze, France (1). Son of Adhémar Aubert, from Pompadour, of the small local nobility. His last name is also listed as Alberti. Uncle of Cardinals Andouin Aubert (1353) and Pierre de Monteruc (1356). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Étienne Aubert, iuniore (1361). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Renoul de Monteruc (1378).

Education. Studied civil law at the University of Toulouse; obtained a licentiate in 1321; and a doctorate, probably in 1329 or 1330.

Early life. He entered the royal administration and was named ordinary judge in 1321. Lieutenant of the sénéchaussée of Toulouse and guardian of its seal; again in 1328-1329; its major judge in 1330 until 1335. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris. King Philippe VI of France called him to the royal court and entrusted him with embassies before Pope Benedict XII in 1337, 1338 and 1341. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota in the pontificate of Pope Benedict XII. He received numerous minor benefices, canonicates and archdiaconates.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Noyon, January 23, 1338; he built the cathedral. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Clermont in October 1340; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Legate in France and England with Cardinal Annibale Gaetani da Ceccano, in 1342, to save the truce between the two monarchs in order to achieve a peace treaty; the effort failed and the hostilities started again with the battle of Crécy on August 26, 1346 and the occupation of Calais on August 4, 1347; an armistice was agreed upon on September 28, 1347, and the cardinals returned to Avignon. Grand penitentiary in 1348. Administrator of the see of Avignon in the absence of the bishop. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri on February 13, 1352. Participated in the conclave of 1352 (2) and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope on December 18, 1352. Took the name Innocent VI. He was crowned on December 30, 1352, cathedral of Notre-Dame des Doms, Avignon, by Cardinal Gaillard de la Mothe, protodeacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio. He created fifteen cardinals in three consistories.

Death. September 12, 1362, Avignon. Buried in the Carthusian church in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon.

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, II, 397-398; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 164-165; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 495 and 521-544; Di Sivo, Michele. "Innocenzo VI.' Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, pp. 614-616; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 556-550; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 19-20, 36, 42, 92 and 372; Gasnault, Pierre. "Innocenzo VI." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 537-542; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, pp. 221-223; Pélissier, Antoine. Innocent VI, le Réformateur; deuxième pape limousin (1352-1362). Tulle, France : s.n.], 1961. (Collection "Les Papes limousins").

Links. Biography, in English; biography, in English (Britannica); biography, in German; portrait and biography, in English; his engraving and biography, in French, p. 556-550; his arms, genealogy and biography, in French, p. 397-398; his tomb and biography, in French; arms, plaque, portrait and biography, in French; his portrait sepulchre and biography, in French; his tomb, Carthusian church in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon; detail of the statue on his tomb; and , Carthusian church in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon; his image on a mural, Carthusian church in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon; and another image on a mural, also in the Carthusian church in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon.

(1) "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 150, says that he was born in Brissac, near Pompadour, diocese of Tulle; Di Sivo, Michele. "Innocenzo VI.' Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente, p. 614, says that he was born in Beyssac-en Corrèze, Limousin; Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, p. 221, says that he was born in Monts, near Pompadour, Limousin.
(2) The conclave, celebrated in Avignon, made a determined attempt to restrict the pope's absolute power and increase the influence of the Sacred College of Cardinals. All the twenty-five cardinals who participated in the conclave swore, several of them with reservations, that the pope should not create cardinals until the total fell below sixteen; that there should not be more than twenty, and that the choice of new cardinals should require the consent of at least two-thirds of the existing ones. Such consent should also be necessary for proceedings against a cardinal or for the alienation of any part of the papal state; half the revenues of the Holy See, as allotted by Pope Nicholas IV in 1289, should be guaranteed to the college. These and other provisions having been agreed, the conclave, anxious to preclude interference by the French king, speedily elected Étienne Aubert. The new pope showed his independence by, on July 6, 1353, declaring the capitulation agreed by the conclave, to which he himself had assented subject to its being lawful, null as violating the rule restricting business during a conclave to the election and as infringing the plenitude of power inherent in the papal office, Kelly, The Oxford Dictionary of Popes, p. 221.

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(6) 6. ROGER, O.S.B., Hugues (ca. 1293/1295-1363)

Birth.Ca. 1293/1295, Maumont, near Rosiers-d'Engletons, diocese of Tulle, France. Son of Guillaume Rogier and Guillemette de la Monstre. Brother of Pope Clement VI and uncle of Pope Gregory XI. His last name is also listed as Rogier. He was called the Cardinal of Tulle.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in Tulle at a very young age.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Abbot of the monastery of Saint-Jean-de Angély, diocese of Saintes, in 1341.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tulle July 18, 1342; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. He did not receive the episcopal consecration.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Lorenzo in Damaso in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Participated in the conclave of 1352, in which Pope Innocent VI was elected. Cardinal protoprete in December 1353. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, September 4, 1361 until his death. Participated in the conclave of 1362 and received fifteen of twenty votes, but declined the election to the papacy because of advanced age; Pope Urban V was elected in that conclave.

Death. October 21, 1363, monastery of Motolieu, diocese of Carcassonne. His body was transferred to Limoges and buried in the church of Saint-Germain, called of Mazzerè, now Saint Germain les Belles, where he had founded a collegiate of canons.

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 315; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 156-158; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 490; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 497-498; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 43 and 505.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 497-498; his genealogy and biography, in French, p. 315; and another genealogy.

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(7) 7. ROBERT, Adhémar (?-1352)

Birth. (No date found), Limoges, France. Of the viscounts of Saint-Jal. His first name is also listed as Ademar, Ademaro, Ademarus, Aymar and Adimaro; and his last name as Roberti and Robertus. Cousin or nephew of Pope Clement VI, on his mother's side.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. Auditor of Cardinal Gaillard de la Mothe. Apostolic notary. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota toward 1330.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Pope Clement VI granted him several prebends in England, which caused strong resistance from King Edward III. He participated in the process of canonization of Saint-Yves. He was the judge in the cause between Cardinal Bertrand du Pouget, legate in Bologna, and the citizens of that city for the insults against the cardinal; the Bolognese refuted the charges. Participated in the process against Francesco degli Ordelassi da Forlì in 1346.

Death. December 1, 1352, Avignon (1). Buried in the Carthusian monastery in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon.

<STRONG>Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 165-166; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 495; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 505-508; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150, no. 7; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18 and 39.

Links. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 505-508; and another view of his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 150, no. 7. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 166, says that, according to Cantelorio, he died in 1352. Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 495, says that he died in 1352 or 1353. The three sources indicate that he was buried in the Carthusian monastery of Villeneuve. Du Chesne, Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois, I, 508, says that he died on February 25, 1384, feast of the conversion of Santi Pal, and that he was buried in his cathedral, near the main altar, under a tomb of stone; Du Chesne adds that the chapter of Saint-Pierre de Lisieux commemorates the date of his death every year.

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(8) 8. LAGARDE, O.P., Gérard (?-1343)

Birth. (No date found), La Garde, near Bellac, in Haute Vienne, diocese of Limoges, France. Of the seigneurs of Daumar in Tulle. Cousin of Pope Clement VI, on his mother's side. His first name is also listed as Girard; and his last name as Saint-Ademar, Domar, Daumar, Daumario and de Guardia.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) in the convent of Brive, province of Toulouse.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of theology on Paris. Prior in Brive in 1323. Elected 17th master general of the order in Carcassone on May 18, 1342.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sabina in the consistory of September 20, 1342. Legate in France. He wrote several works on theology.

Death. September 27, 1343 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Dominicans in Avignon; his remains were later transferred to the Dominican convent of Brive, where he had professed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 166-167; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 496; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 509-510; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18 and 46; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres : moyen-age. 4 v. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897. Note: Added t.p.: La Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Other title: Faculté de théologie de Paris au moyen-age et ses docteurs les plus célèbres, p. 420-421.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 509-10; biography, in French, p. 420-421; brief biographical data, in Spanish; brief biographical data, in Latin, p. 40, under "Gerardus Domarus sive Geraldus de Daumaro"; and his image on a fresco, former Dominicxan convent of Treviso, Italy.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted except his first biography in French, p. 510, linked above, which says that he died in Toulouse in 1345.

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(9) 9. CYRIAC, Pierre (?-1351)

Birth. (No date found), diocese of Limoges, France.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Crisogono in the consistory of September 20, 1342 (1). Legate in Italy, with Cardinal Annibale Caetani, for the Jubilee of 1350.

Death. 1351, Rome. Buried (no information found)

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 161; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 493; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19 and 40 n. 1.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 493; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 19, says that he is mistaken with Cardinal Pierre Bertrand (1344); and on I, 40 n. 1, indicates that Cardinal Guy de Boulogne had the title in commendam from 1351 until his death.

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(10) 10. LA TOUR, Bernard de (ca.1306-1361)

Birth. Ca.1306, Limoges, France. Son of Bernard, seigneur of de La Tour, and Beatrix de Rodez. Nephew of Pope Clement VI. Uncle of Cardinal Jean de la Tour, O.S.B.Clun. (1371). His last name is also listed as de la Tour d'Auvergne.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Lyon. Apostolic subdeacon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Eustachio in the consistory of September 20, 1342, at the request of his nephews, relatives by marriage of Pope Clement VI. Participated in the conclave of 1352, which elected Pope Innocent VI. He and Cardinal Gaillard de la Mothe were commissioned by the pope to bring the pallium to Cardinal Pierre Bertrand de Colombier, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, who had to go Rome to solemnly crown, in the name of the pope, Emperor Charles IV. Cardinal protodeacon in December 1356.

Death. August 7, 1361 (1), Avignon, of the plague. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 167; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 496; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 511-512, and II, 338; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18 and 50.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 511-512; his genealogy, A1 D1 E2; his epitaph, p. 338.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p.150; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 18 and 50; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 496, says that he died on Sexto Idus Augusti anno reparatæ salutis 1361, which was August 8, 1361; his biography in French, linked above, says that he died on August 13, 1361; but his epitaph, also linked above, says that he died on tertio Nonas Augusti, anno Domini 1361, which was August 3, 1361.

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(11) 11. LA JUGIÉ, Guillaume de (ca. 1317/1318-1374)

Birth. Ca. 1317/1318, Eyrein, near Rosiers-d'Engletons, diocese of Tulle, France. Son of Jacques de La Jugié and Guillaumette Rogier. Nephew of Pope Clement VI, on his mother's side. Brother of Cardinal Pierre de la Jugié, O.S.B.Clun. (1375). Cousin of Pope Gregory XI. His last name is also listed as Jugie, Jugée and Giudice. He was called the Cardinal Guillermus.

Education. He studied law.

Early life. Canon of the chapter of the metropolitan cathedral of Rouen, September 22, 1332. Canon and archdeacon of Paris. He was a renowned jurisconsult.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin in the consistory of September 20, 1342; he entered the papal curia in Avignon on October 12, 1342. Archdeacon of Transylvania in 1345. Legate in Naples in 1350, together with Cardinal Guy de Boulogne; they obtained the reconciliation of King Lajos I of Hungary and Queen Giovanna I of Naples. Participated in the conclave of 1352, which elected Pope Innocent VI. Cardinal protodeacon in December 1352 (1). Named legate in Spain, he left on July 22, 1355; he tried to reconcile the kings of Castilla and Aragón; he established a truce and when it was over, the two monarchs started fierce hostilities in spite of the prayers and solicitude of the legate. Participated in the conclave of 1362, which elected Pope Urban V. Archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica from 1362 to 1365 (2). Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Clemente, April 22, 1368.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 22, 1368. Protector of the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans). Participated in the conclave of 1370, which elected Pope Gregory XI. He built a magnificent palace in the parish of Saint-Agricole, Avignon, which later became a monastery of nuns.

Death. April 28, 1374 (3), Avignon. Buried in the church de la Chaise-Dieu, Avignon.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 167-169; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 946-947; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 513-514; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 150; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 18, 41 and 51; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XII, 322 and XXXI, 136-137.

Links. His armas and biography, in French, p. 513-514; and genealogy.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 150, and it seems that he occupied the post until 1368, when he opted for the order of priests; the same source, also on p. 150, says that Cardinal Bernardo de la Tour d'Auvergne became protodeacon in December 1356, which seems to contradict the fact that Cardinal La Jugie was probably the protodeacon until 1368.
(2) This is according to Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 150. Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, XII, 322, says that he occupied the post from 1352 until 1366, when he resigned.
(3) This is according to all the sources consulted, except his genealogy, linked above, which indicates that he died in 1384.

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