The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Innocent VI (1352-1362)
Consistory of February 15, 1353 (I)
Celebrated in Avignon


(1) 1. AUBERT, Andouin (?-1363)

Birth. (No date found), Beyssac, diocese of Limoges, France. Son of Guy Aubert, who had been ennobled by King Philippe de Valois of France in March 1338, and Marguerite de Livron. He is also listed as Andoino Alberti da Bessiaco; his first name as Audynous and Audoin; and his last name as Alberti. Nephew of Pope Innocent VI, on his father's side. Cousin of Cardinal Pierre de Monteruc (1356). Uncle of Cardinal Étienne Aubert, iuniore (1361). He was called the Cardinal of Maguelone.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. After obtaining a rich prebend, Pope Benedict XII grantedd him canonicate in the church of Saint-Radegonde, Poitiers. Dean of the chapter of Yrieix. Curé of La Plume, diocese of Condom (now Agen). Curé of Thil. Curé of Sainte-Foy de Peirolières, archdiocese of Toulous. Prior of Arbois, diocese of Thèrouanne. Canon of Saint-Géry, diocese of Cambrai. Archdeacon of Brabant, diocese of Liège. Apostolic notary. Familiar of the pope.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Paris, September 12, 1349. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Auxerre, December 20, 1350. Transferred to the see of Maguelonne, January 30, 1353 (1); resigned the see in January 1354; he went to reside in Avignon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss.Giovanni e Paolo in the consistory of February 15, 1353; succeeded his uncle in this title. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri shortly after July 13, 1361. Participated in the conclave of 1362, which elected Pope Urban V. He consecrated Pope Urban V bishop of Rome on November 6, 1362. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. It is said that he founded a hospital in Avignon and a collège in Toulouse.

Death. Wednesday May 10, 1363 (2), Avignon. Buried in the Carthusian monastery in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon, next to his uncle the pope (3).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 190-191; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 532; Clavel, Louis-Auguste. Histoire chrétienne des diocèses de France, de Belgique, de Savoie et des bords du Rhin : Gallia christiana en français. Poissy : Typographie Arbieu, 1855, I, 419; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 551-554; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 153-154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19, 36, 42, 120, 320 and 391; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, XI, 155-157.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in French, p. 551-554; biography, in French, p. 419; biography, in French, p. 155-157; biography, in French; and his engraving, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 153; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 320; his third biography in French, linked above, says that he was transferred on February 15, 1353, the same day of his promotion to the cardinalate; his first two biographies in French, also linked above, say that he was transferred in 1352.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 19 and 36; and his third biography in French, linked above; his first two biographies in French, also linked above, say that he died on May 9, 1363.
(3) This is the text of the plaque on his tomb, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 532:

LAPIDE SUB HOC MODICO IACENT OMNIA VISCERA
DICTI OSTIENSIS A. DVM. VIVEBAM IN VITA MEA.

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