The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Innocent VI (1352-1362)
Consistory of December 23, 1356 (II)
Celebrated in Avignon


(2) 1. SAINT-YRIEIX, O.S.B., Élie de (?-1367)

Birth. (No date found), Saint-Yrieix, diocese of Limoges, France. His first name is also listed as Elias and his last name as Saint-Irier, Saint-Yrieux, Sainct Yrier, San Eredio and San Aredio.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) in Salmuro, diocese of Angers (1). Obtained doctorates in law and theology.

Early life. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. Abbot of the monastery of Saint-Florent, Saumer, in June 1335; took possession the following September 22.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Uzès, September 5, 1344; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated (no information found). Attended the Council of Bézier in 1351.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Stefano al Monte Celio in the consistory of December 23, 1356. Participated in the conclave of 1362, which elected Pope Urban V. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri, shortly after May 10, 1363. Author of works on the contemplative life.

Death. May 10, 1367 (1), Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans in Avignon.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 191-192; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 533; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 555-556; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19, 47 and 511.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 555-556; and another view of his engraving.

(1) Some sources indicate that he entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans or Cordeliers), perhaps confusing him with Cardinal Élie de Nabinal, O.F.M. (1342).
(2) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 533; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 154; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 19 and 47; his biography in French, linked above, says that he died on October 4, 1367.

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(3) 2. ATTI, Francesco degli (?-1361)

Birth. (No date found), Todi. Son of Andrea degli Atti. His last name is also listed as Apti, Aptis, Atti and Actis.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in canon law as he says in his treatise De quarta canonica piorum legatorum debita episcopo.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Corfu, May 30, 1348. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Chiusi, September 17, 1348. Transferred to the see of Monte Cassino, Apri 17, 1353. Transferred to the see of Florence, March 18, 1355; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marco in the consistory of December 23, 1356. Grand penitentiary toward 1357. He wrote a canonical treatise concerning the episcopal share of the tithes.

Death. August 25 (or September 4), 1361, of the plague, Pont de Sorgues, Vaucluse. Buried in the church of the Celestines in Avignon.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 191-192; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 533-534; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19, 44, 169, 195, 209 and 250.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 4 (1962), Treccani; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(4) 3. MONTERUC, Pierre de (?-1385)

Birth. (No date found), château of Donzenac, diocese of Tulle, France. Nephew of Pope Innocent VI, on his mother's side. Uncle of Cardinal Renoul de Monteruc (1378). Cousin of Cardinals Andouin Aubert (1353); and Étienne Aubert, iuniore (1361). His last name is also listed as Monturco, Monterouc, Monteruco, Selve Monteruc and Salvete Monteruc. He was called the Cardinal of Pamplona.

Education. Licentiate in civil law at the University of Toulouse.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). From 1353 to 1355, he accumulated a large number of benefices: canon of the cathedral chapter of Amiens; provost of Saint-Pierre de Lille, never residing in it; received canonicates and archdiaconates in Elne, Avranches and Lille; canon and treasurer of the cathedral chapter of Bayeux. Protonotary apostolic. Papal chaplain. He received the spoils of the Apostolic Chamber.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Pamplona, November 20, 1355; he did not receive the episcopal consecration; the Navarrans resisted the nomination of a bishop imposed by the pope; he sent Eaimond Deffrans as vicar general of the diocese; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Anastasia in the consistory of December 23, 1356. Named vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church in 1361. In 1361, Pope Innocent VI asked him to supervise Collège Saint-Martial; and later, Collège de Périgord. Participated in the conclave of 1362, which elected Pope Urban V. Cardinal protoprete in 1367. In 1367 and 1376, he refused to leave for Rome; Pope Gregory XI threatened to remove the vice-chancery from him; because of the intervention of the king of France, the pope charged Bartolomeo Prignano, archbishop of Bari, future Pope Urban VI, with the direction of the office in the absence of the cardinal. Participated in the conclave of 1370, which elected Pope Gregory XI. In 1375, he founded and endowed Collège Sainte-Catherine in Toulouse. Did not participate in the conclave of April 1378, which elected Pope Urban VI; he was in Avignon. Did not participate in the conclave of September 1378, which elected Antipope Clement VII; he was in Avignon; he was the last Avignonese cardinal to join the obedience of the antipope; Pope Urban VI did not deprive him officially of the post of vice-chancellor and entrusted the direction of the office, without the title, to Cardinal Monteruc's nephew, Renoul de Monteruc, bishop of Sisteron, who was promoted to the cardinalate in 1378. At the beginning of 1385, he fell ill and had to abandon the effective direction of the chancery. He prepared his will on May 10, 1385.

Death. May 20, 1385 (1), Avignon. According to his will, he was buried in the Carthusian monastery in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon (2); he was considered its second founder.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 193-195; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 534-535; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 557-560 ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 19, 39 and 387.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 557-560; biographical entry, in Spanish; L'entourage du cardinal Pierre de Monteruc (1356-1385) by Jacques Verger Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Moyen-Age, Temps modernes, Volume 85 (1973) Issue 85-2, pp. 515-546; and his arms.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, except his biography in French, linked above, which says that he died on May 31, 1387.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 534:

HIC IACET R. IN CHRISTO PATER D. PETRVS CARDINALIS
PAMPILONENSIS SECVNDVS FVNDATOR.
HVIVS DOMVS VALLIS BENEDICTIONIS NEPOS
PAPAE INNOCENTII VI. QVI FVIT AMATOR AC DFENSOR
PAVPERVM ORPHANORVM AC VIDVARVM NEC NON
RELIGIOSORVM ORDINVM PRAECIPVE CARTHVSIANORUM ET OBIIT
ANNO DOMINI MCCCLXXXV. VLTIMA MAII.

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(5) 4. FARINIER, O.F.M., Guillaume (?-1361)

Birth. (No date found), in a small mill near Tartas on the Buléou river, Gourdon, diocese of Cahors, France. Of a modest family. He is also listed as Guillaume de Gourdon; and his last name as Farineri.. He was called the Cardinal of Gourdon.

Education. Studied at the University of Toulouse and obtained a doctorate in theology. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in the convent of Gourdon. Magister in theology on January 24, 1344; the title was granted by Pope Clement VI.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of theology at the University of Toulouse. Provincial of Aquitaine from 1342 to 1348. Attended the general chapter in Marseille in 1343; and the one in Venice in 1346. He was a strict enforcer of the discipline of the order and on December 2, 1344, he confined Jean de Roquetaillade in the convent of Figeac. Elected 20th minister general of his order in the general chapter in Verona on June 7 (or 8), 1348; he celebrated two general chapters, one in Lyon in 1351, and the other in Assisi in 1354; promulgated the general constitutions, which were called "Farineriane"; he reconciled the followers of Michele da Cesena with the order; occupied the post until the celebration of the general chapter in Barcelona in 1357; vicar general of the order from 1358 to 1359, after the death of his successor, Jean de Buc; Marco da Viterbo, future cardinal, was elected minister general in the general chapter of 1359 in Viterbo.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro in the consistory of December 23, 1356; entered the papal court in Avignon on January 26, 1357. Legate in England and later, in Spain in 1357. Provost in commendam of Bamberg. He wrote several works on the Holy Scriptures and on moral.

Death. June 17, 1361, of the plague, Avignon. Buried in the church of the Franciscans in Avignon. Since he had not been given the faculty of making a will, his possessions passed to the Apostolic Chamber.

Bibliography. Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 38; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 195-196; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 535; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20 and 44; Ritzler, Remigius. "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, LXXI (Gennaio-Giugno 1971), Fasc. I-II, 29-31.

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(6) 5. ROSSELL, O.P., Nicolás (1314-1362)

Birth. November 3, 1314, Palma de Mallorca (1). One of the four children of Borrás Rossell, a rich pelaire (owner of a business dedicated to carding wool and other textiles), and his wife Saurina. His first name is also listed as Nicolau; and his last name as Roselli. He was called the Cardinal of Aragón.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) on December 21, 1326, in the convent of Palma. Obtained the title of licentiate on January 10, 1349; and the title of maestro in theology on March 10, 1349.

Early life. Ordained (no further information found). King Pedro IV of Aragón named him doméstico and royal chaplain on August 18, 1340. In the provincial chapter of Lérida in 1348, he was named lector of theology and destined to the General Study of Barcelona. Resided in Avignon between March 1349 and his election as provincial prior of Aragón on June 24, 1350. Named inquisitor general of the kingdom of Aragón on July 7, 1350; as inquisitor, he carried on the process to condemn the heresy preached by Francisco Batlle, whom he obliged to publicly retract, concerning the errors of the monk Berenguer de Montfalcs; and a process against the begardos of Valencia. He was confessor of King Pedro IV of Aragón and of Infantas María and Blanca, daughters of King Jaime II. In Barcelona, he founded the monastery of Montesión for Dominican nuns.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Sisto in the consistory of December 23, 1356; entered the papal curia in Avignon on March 30, 1357 and resided there until shortly before his death. On June 8, 1361, he is noted in the papal court in Avignon. He made his will in Perpignan on March 12, 1362; he left his books to the Dominican convents of Barcelona, Gerona and Mallorca; the will was preserved until 1835 in the monastery of Montesión. He went to Palma de Mallorca to convalesce from an illness and died there. He authored numerous works; one of them, a history of the early popes, is preserved in the Vatican Library. He was the first cardinal from the kingdom of Aragón.

Death. March 28, 1362 (2), Palma de Mallorca. Buried in the church of the Dominicans in Palma de Mallorca; the urn containing his remains was transferred on January 24, 1837 to the cathedral of Palma because of the demolition of the Dominican church (3).

Bibliography. Alós-Moner, Ramón d'. El cardenal de Aragón, fray Nicolás Rossell (ensayo bio-bibliográfico). In: Escuela Española de Arqueología e Historia en Roma. Madrid : [s.n.], 1912. I, 15-60; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 196-197; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 536; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20 and 47; Galmés, L. "Rossell, Nicolás." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), III, 2111; "Rossell, Nicolás." Diccionario Enciclopédico Hispano-Americano de Literatura, Ciencias y Artes. 25 vols. in 26. Barcelona : Montaner y Simón, 1887-1899, XVII, 942.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 154; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 20, says that he was from Tarragona; his biography in English, linked above, says that he was born in Palma de Mallorca or in Felanitx.
(2) This is according to Alós-Moner, Ramón d'. El cardenal de Aragón, fray Nicolás Rossell (ensayo bio-bibliográfico), p. 21; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 536; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 154; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 20 and 47; Galmés, L. "Rossell, Nicolás." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España, III, 2111, says that he died on January 23, 1362.
(3) "Rossell, Nicolás." Diccionario Enciclopédico Hispano-Americano, XVIII, 942, indicates that, by then, the remains of the cardinal were not in that urn because in the 18th century the Rossell family, then residing in Orihuela, obtained, with the help of a Dominican lay brother, the translation of the remains to the public oratory of its house, where they were seen by Father Vicente Pons, chronicler of the Dominican convents of Mallorca. Other sources say that he was buried in the Dominican convent of Santa Catalina in Barcelona.

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(7) 6. LA FORÊT, Pierre de (1305-1361)

Birth. 1305, La Suze, near Le Mans, France. Son of Pierre de la Forêt and Marguerite de la Chapelle. His last name is also listed as Forest, Foresta and Laforest.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. Professor of civil and canon law at the Universities of Orléans and Angers. He went to Paris and exercised as a lawyer. He was chosen by King Philippe de Valois of France to be his lawyer in parliament. Chancellor of the duke of Normandy in 1347. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris. Archdeacon of Montfort, diocese of Le Mans. He had received the diaconate at the time of his promotion to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Le Mans by its cathedral chapter in 1347; he was not confirmed by the pope. Elected bishop of Tournai, July 24, 1349. Chancellor of France in December 1349; the new king, Jean II, le Bon, confirmed him in the post. Named testamentary executor of the king of France on July 2, 1350. Transferred to the see of Paris, December 20, 1350. In September 1351, he was sent between Guynes and Calais to try to conclude the peace treaty with England; he only obtained a truce on September 17, 1351. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Rouen, February 8, 1352; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Having acquired the land of La Loupelande, in Maine, he obtained the letters of ennoblement in October 1354, to be able to possess it.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. XII Apostoli in the consistory of December 23, 1356; entered the papal curia in Avignon in May 1357. During the regency of the dauphin, Duke Charles of Normandy, the États, assembled on February 5, 1357, asked him to resign the chancellorship and several other offices; he was reappointed to that post on May 28, 1359. Legate of Pope Innocent VI in Sicily. After a legation in France, he retired to Avignon and prepared his will.

Death. June 7, 1361 (1), of the plague, Villeneuve-lés-Avignon. Buried in the cathedral of Le Mans, next to his uncle Geoffroy de la Chapelle, bishop of that see. The cathedral chapter of Paris had a statue of the cardinal placed in the choir of the cathedral of Notre-Dame.

Bibliography. Anselme de Sainte-Marie ; Dufourny, Honoré Caille ; Ange de Sainte-Rosalie ; Simplicien. Histoire g én éalogique et chronologique de la maison royale de France, des pairs, grands officiers de la couronne & de la maison du roy: & des anciens barons du royaume: avec les qualitez, l'origine, le progres & les armes de leurs familles; ensemble des statuts & le catalogue des chevaliers, cammandeurs, & officiers de l'ordre du S. Esprit. Le tout dresse sur titres originaux, sur les registres des des chartes du roy, du parlement, de la chambre des comptes & du chatelet des Paris ... & d'autres cabinets curieux. 9 vols. Paris : La Compagnie des libraires, 3. éd., rev., corrigée & augmentée par les soins du P. Ange & du P. Simplicien, 1726-1733, VI, 330-331; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 197-198; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 536-537; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 534-540; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 154-155; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20, 39, 181 n. 7, 391, 426 and 489.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 534-540; his arms and biography, in French, p. 330-331; and his engraving.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 155; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 20 and 39; his two biographies in French, linked above, say that he died on June 25, 1361.

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