The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Urban V (1362-1370)
Consistory of September 18, 1366 (I)
Celebrated in Avignon


(1) 1. GRIMOARD, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, Anglic de (ca. 1315/1320-1388)

Birth. Ca. 1315/1320, Grizac, diocese of Mende, France. Son of Guillaume de Grimoard, seigneur of Bellegarde, Grizac, and Amphélise de Montferrand. Younger brother of Pope Urban V. His first name is also listed as Ange, Angelic, Angelico, Angelicus, Anglico and Egidio and his last name as Grimaldi and Grimoardi. A source mentions that his first name was a contraction of Ange-Gilles.

Education. Joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine in the abbey of Saint-Ruf, near Valence.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota in 1357. Prior of Saint-Pierre-de-Dieu in 1358.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Avignon, December 12, 1362; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated, January 8, 1363, in Avignon, by his brother, Pope Urban V.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pietro in Vincoli in the consistory of September 18, 1366. Dean of York from 1366 until he was deprived for joining the Avignon obedience. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Albano on September 17, 1367. Legate in Italy from March 1368 until July 1371, with the title of vicar in temporalibus and with residence in Bologna. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica in 1370. Did not participate in the conclave of 1370, which elected Pope Gregory XI, because he was in Italy. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in 1373. Did not participate in the conclave of April 1378, which elected Pope Urban VI, because he was in Avignon. Did not participate in the conclave of September 1378, which elected Antipope Clement VII, because he was in Avignon. He joined the obedience of Antipope Clement VII. He authored liturgical music compositions. Founder of several monasteries in Apt, Avignon and Montpellier.

Death. April 13 (or 16), 1388, Avignon. Buried in the monastery of Saint-Ruf, Valence, according to his will.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 208-211; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 561-562; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 587-590; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 156; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20, 35, 45 and 123; Rey-Courtel, Annae-Lise. "L'entourage d'Angelic Grimoard, cardinal d'Albano (1366-1388)", in Genèse et débuts du Grand Schisme d'Occident : [colloque tenu à] Avignon, 25-28 septembre 1978. Edited by Jean Favier. Paris : Éditions du Centre national de la recherche scientifique, 1980. (Colloques internationaux du Centre national de la recherche scientifique ; no 586), pp. 59-64.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 587-590; his genealogy, II, ii; his image, kneeling down before the Blessed Virgin, who has the red hat at her feet; and another detail of the same image.

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(2) 2. LA SUDRÉ, O.P., Guillaume de (?-1373)

Birth. (No date found), Laguenne, Corrèze, diocese of Tulle, France. His last name is also listed as Sudrie. He was called the Cardinal of Marseille.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) in the convent of Brive, provincia of Toulouse.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Magister in theology. Provincial of Toulouse in 1348. Master of the Sacred Palace in 1349.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Marseille, August 27, 1361; occupied the see until his promotion to the cardinalate. Consecrated in September 1361 (no further information found). Celebrated a synod on April 13, 1363. Attended the coronation of Emperor Charles IV as king of Arles at the cathedral of Saint-Trophime d'Arles on June 5, 1365.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo in the consistory of September 18, 1366. Legate in Naples at the end of 1366. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri, September 17, 1367. Participated in the conclave of 1370, which elected Pope Gregory XI. He made his will on Tuesday September 20, 1373 and died eight days later.

Death. September 28, 1373 (1), Avignon. Buried in the chapel of Notre-Dame in the church of the Dominicans in Avignon.

Bibliography. Albanès, Joseph Mathias Hyacinthe ; Chevalier, Ulysse. Gallia christiana novissima. Histoire des archevêchés, évêques et abbayes de France. 7 vols. 1895-1920, II, cols. 332-342; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 211-212; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 562; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, I, 591-593; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 156-157; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20, 36, 42 and 330.

Links. His arms and biography, in French, p. 591-593; biography, in French; biography, in French, cols. 332-342.

(1) This is according to his three biographies in French, linked above; and Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 562; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 1574; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 20 and 36, indicated that he died on April 18, 1373.

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(3) 3. VITERBO, O.F.M., Marco da (ca. 1304-1369)

Birth. Ca. 1304, Viterbo. Of the noble family of the Parentezzi of Viterbo. Son of Messer Pietro da Viterbo.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in Viterbo in the Franciscan Roman province. A frater Marcus appears mentioned in a Viterbense document of October 21, 1334. Magister in theology in the Studium of Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained probably before ca. 1329 (no further information found). Elected 24th minister general of his order in the general chapter celebrated in Genoa on June 9, 1359; his election was the result of a compromise; he was the first Italian to be elected minister general in a long time after a succession of friars from Gascogne; in 1362, he presided over the general chapter celebrated in Strassbourg; he governed the order until 1366. From 1363 to 1366, he traveled to Italy as legate of Pope Urban V; on July 5, 1363, the pope sent him to Piedmont to mediate between Count Amedeo VI of Savoy and the marches of Montferrato; on November 7, 1363, he was charged with concluding a peace treaty between Pisa and Florence; on May 28, 1365, he was charged with forming a league against the mercenary militia that was scourging Italy; his success in this latter mission earned him the promotion to the cardinalate.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Prassede in the consistory of September 18, 1366. Cardinal da Viterbo established himself in Avignon but the pope wanted him in Italy, where the pontiff was; on May 26, 1367, the pope left Genoa but left the cardinal in that city to conclude the peace agreement between that city and the Visconti of Milan; the peace agreement was signed on July 3, 1367; the cardinal left Genoa, crossed through the Republic of Siena and went to Talamone, where he embarked for Rome on August 3, 1367; the pope was then in Viterbo and the cardinal joined him on the following September 9. The cardinal entered the papal curia in Avignon on December 14, 1367. In 1369, he received from the pope the charge of making a treaty with Queen Giovanna I of Naples, who had given her support to the pirates. He authored a Summa of cases of conscience.

Death. September 4, 1369, of the plague, Viterbo; several dignitaries of the papal court also died in the region, victims of the same plague. Buried in the Conventual Franciscan church of Viterbo in a magnificent marble monument attributed to a Tuscan artist named Fr. Guglielmo, O.F.M. (1). The monument was almost completely destroyed during a bombardment in the Second World War, on January 17, 1944; on March 31, 1944, the skeletal remains of Cardinal Marco da Viterbo were identified and temporarily buried in a the tomb in the groud in the middle of the left arms of the transept of the cathedral basilica of Viterbo; the fragments of the jascent statue of the cardinal were salvaged and restored.

Bibliography. Aquilina, Giorgio. Marco da Viterbo (1304-1369), Ministro generale dei frati minori, cardinale e nunzio apostolico. Rome : Pontificio Ateneo Antonianum. Facoltà di teologia, 1971. (Pontificium athenaeum Antonianum. Facultas theoloigca. Sectio historica. Thesis ad lauream, n. 201; Studi e testi francescani, n. 47; Variation: Theses ad lauream (Pontificio Ateneo Antonianum. Facoltà di teologia ; n. 201); Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 40-41; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 212-213; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 563-564; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 157; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20 and 45; Ritzler, Remigius. "I cardinali e i papi dei Frati Minori Conventuali." Miscellanea Franciscana, LXXI (Gennaio-Giugno 1971), Fasc. I-II, 32-34.

Link. Biography by Laura Gaffuri, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 69 (2007), Treccani; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Aquilina, Marco da Viterbo (1304-1369), p. 128:

D. O. M.
MARCVS . VITERBIEN: ORDINIS MIN: CON: MINISTER GENLIS
AB . VRBANO V. OB EGREGIAS VIRTUTES KAL. JANUAR. MCCCLVI
S. R. E . CARDINALIS CREATUS BIENNIO POST MRUM SANCTITATE
CONSPICUUS, IN PATRIA SUA MORTALEM VITAM CUM AETERNA MU
TAVIT; EJUSQ; CORPUS SUB HOC MONUMENTO CONDITUM EST.

QUAM TIBI PLUS MARCUS LONGE HUIC VETULONIA DEBES ;
NAM TU ILLI ESSE DEDIT ILLE BENE ESSE TIBI.

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TORNAQUINCI, Pietro (?-1383)

Birth. (No date found), Florence. Of a noble family.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. He may have been auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota.

Episcopate. Bishop of Florence (1)

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in the consistory of September 18, 1366.

Death. 1383, Avignon. Buried in the cathedral of Avignon (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 213-214; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 564-565; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 158; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 20.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 564; Eubel says that he was not bishop of Florence and that he was never promoted to the cardinalate.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 565:

D.    O.    M.
PETRVS TORNAQVINCIVS
FLORENTINVS
PRESB. CARD. TIT. S. MARCELLI
OBIIT ANNO DOMINI
MCCCLXXXIII.
REQVIESCAT IN PACE

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DELFINO, Orso (?-1367)

Birth. (No date found), Venice. Of a noble family. His first name is also listed as Osro II, as Ursu and as Ursus; and his last name as Dolfin and as Dolfino.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Rector of the church of S. Giacomo di Rialto, Venice, from 1340.

Sacred orders. He had received the minor orders when promoted to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Capodistria, November 5, 1347. Consecrated (no information found). Promoted to the metropolitan see of Candia (Crete), March 29 (or 30), 1349. In 1356, he was ordered by the pope to anathematize schismatic Ruffus. Promoted the patriarchal see of Grado, November 5, 1361; occupied the see until his death; retained the administration of the see of Candia until 1363. Administrator of the see of Modon, Peloponnesus, March 6, 1363 (or 1366); he occupied the post until his death; he soon visited that see to more accurately provide for the benefit of the same; the Venetian Senate gave him permission to return the city with his retinue, by sea, making use of the ships which he liked better, or in the galleys of the republic, or on merchant vessels, by decree issued on July 7, 1361 (1). In order to better reassure the right and privileges of the patriarchate of Grado, he made a copy. and legally authenticated it, of the papal bull of Pope Boniface VIII of November 16, 1299, by which it had been granted to his predecessor Fray Egidio, O.P., that the patriarchal palace, next to the church of S. Silvestro, were in perpetuity exempted from the jurisdiction of the bishop of Castello. On August 10, 1364, allowed that in the parish of S. Martino, which was under his jurisdiction, were erected the oratory of the Hospital Cá di Dio and that mass were celebrated in the same. On March 7, 1365, as his predecessors had done, he granted indulgences to the church and confraternity of S. Maria della Misericordia.

Cardinalate. Pius Bonifatius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae (3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957), p. 792, says that he was created cardinal in 1362; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du XIVe siécle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 158-159, indicates that it does not believe he was ever promoted and should not be included in the list of cardinals of that pontificate. Marco Foscarini, Della letteratura veneziana ed altri scritti intorno ad essa (In Padova, nella Stamperia del Seminario, 1752), p. 175, note 211, says that he was named cardinal in 1362. Orsoni, Alessandro. Cronologia storica dei vescovi Olivolensi detti dapoi Castellani e sucessivi patriarchi di Venezia (Corredata di annotazioni illustranti l'ecclesiastico-civile veneta storia. Venezia : Tip. G.S. Felice, 1828), p. 238, citing Foscarini says that he was created cardinal in 1362. Giuseppe Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia, dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, opera di Giuseppe Cappelletti, prete veneziano (21 vols. Venezia : nello stabilimento nazionale dell'editore Giuseppe Antonelli, 1844-1870. Vol. 9, "Chiesa patriarcale metropolitana principale di Venezia e sue sufraganee"), p. 80, citing Foscarini, says that he was decorated with the cardinalitial purple.

Death. December 4, 1367, Venice. Buried in the church of the Servites in that city on the following day (2).

Bibliography. Cappelletti, Giuseppe. Le Chiese d'Italia, dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, opera di Giuseppe Cappelletti, prete veneziano. 21 vols. Venezia : nello stabilimento nazionale dell'editore Giuseppe Antonelli, 1844-1870. Vol. 9, "Chiesa patriarcale metropolitana principale di Venezia e sue sufraganee", p. 79-81; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 158-159; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 215, 266, 288 and 351; Orsoni, Alessandro. Cronologia storica dei vescovi Olivolensi detti dapoi Castellani e sucessivi patriarchi di Venezia. Corredata di annotazioni illustranti l'ecclesiastico-civile veneta storia. Venezia : Tip. G.S. Felice, 1828, p. 238; Ughelli, Ferdinando 1595-1670. Italia sacra. 10 v. Sala Bolognese : A. Forni, 1973-1987. T. 5. Complectens patriarchales in Italia singularis dignitatis ecclesias, earumque suffraganeos episcopatus, qui in Foro Julii, Venetorumque Dominio enumerantur, col 1150.

(1) This is the text of the decree, taken from Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia, dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, p. 80:
« MCCLXVI Die 7 Julii. In Rogatis.
« Quod reverendiss. patr. dom. Ursu patriarche Gradensi et ecclesie
« Mothonensis administratori concedatur, quod ipse cum decem suis fami-
« liaribus et suis arnesiis levetur tam super galeas Gulphi, quam super
« quibuscumque aliis navigiis et galeis nostris, et conducatur Venetiis. ³

(2) According to Cappelletti, Le Chiese d'Italia, dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, p. 80, the diary of the friars of the Order of the Servites says:Orso Delfino patriarca di Grado fu sepolto ai Frari ai 5 decembre 1367.

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FABRI, Jean (?-1370 or before June 27, 1371)

Birth. (No date or place found), France. His last name is also listed as Fabra.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Abbot of Grandmont.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Le Puy, October 12, 1356. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Tortosa, February 27, 1357. Transferred to the see of Carcassonne, January 10, 1362; occupied the see until his death.

Cardinalate. Pius Bonifatius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae, (3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957), p. 528, says that he was created cardinal in 1362; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du XIVe siécle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930, p. 158-159, indicates that it does not believe he was ever promoted and should not be included in the list of cardinals of that pontificate. This source adds that Gams probably confused him with Jean Lefèvre, created cardinal by Pope Gregory XI in 1371.

Death. 1370 or before June 27, 1371, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIVè siècle jusqu'au Grand Schisme". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1930. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1930, p. 159; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 91, 166 and 223.

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