The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Urban VI (1378-1389)
Consistories from 1382 to 1385 (III-V)


(31) 1. GIUDICE, Marino del (?-1385/1386)

Birth. (No date found), Amalfi. He is also listed as Marino di Vulcano; and his last name as Judice and Iudice.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in law..

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Amalfi.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Castellamare, February 18, 1370 (1). Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Cassano, May 18, 1373. He was chased out of his see in 1378 for having supported Pope Urban VI. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Brindisi-Oria in 1379. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Taranto, before June 4, 1380. Named papal treasurer that same year. Administrator of the see of Aversa, November 13, 1381. Administrator of Imola in 1382.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Pudenziana in the consistory toward 1383 (or in the consistory of December 21, 1381). Camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church in 1383. Legate of Pope Urban VI in Italy and in Hungary. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica toward 1383 until his death. Accused of conspiring against Pope Urban VI together with Cardinals Giovanni d'Amelia, Gentile di Sangro, Adam Easton, O.S.B., Ludovico Donato, O.F.M., Bartolomeo de Coturno, O.F.M.; they were arrested at a public consistory and imprisoned in the Castle of Nocera Umbria on January 11, 1385; they were subjected to torture; when the pope had to leave Nocera, forced by the army of the king of Naples, he took the accused cardinals with him to Genoa; all of them, except Cardinal Easton, who was freed, were executed in the papal residence in Genoa in December 1385 or on January 11, 1386.

Death. Executed in December 1385 or January 11, 1386 (2). His body was thrown to the sea.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 289-290; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 652; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 133; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 24, 46, 123, 149, 170, 284, 462 and 478.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian; his arms; catalog of the Arcivescovi di Amalfi dal 987 al 1818, in Italian; Cardinali giustiziati, in Italian.

(1) Pius Bonifatius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae (3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957), p. 848, indicates that on October 1, 1362, he was already occupying the see of Amalfi, aving been transferred from Teano; and that in 1375 he was transferred to the see of Cassano. The catalog of occupants of the see of Amalfi, linked above, indicates that he was its bishop from 1361 to 1375. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 84, lists a Marinus de Judice as bishop of Amalfi from Aporil 16, 1361 until his death in 1374, indicating the he had been before bishop of Teano. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 133, says that Gams confuses him with an homonymus bishop who was also canon of Amalfi, bishop of Teano on May 23, 1363, transferred to Amalfi on April 16, 1361 and died in 1374.
(2) Several sources indicate that he was executed in December 1386.

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(32) 2. ORSINI, Tommaso (?-1390)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Of the counts of Manoppello. Son of Napoleone, grand protonotary of the kingdom of Sicily, and Margherita Palearia, countess of Manoppello. The family gave the church several popes and cardinals: Celestine III (1191-1198); Nicholas III (1277-1280); Benedict XIII (1724-1730); Matteo Orsini (1262); Latino Malabranca Orsini, O.P. (1278); Giordano Orsini (1278); Napoleone Orsini (1288); Francesco Napoleone Orsini (1295); Giovanni Gaetano Orsini (1316); Matteo Orsini, O.P. (1327); Rinaldo Orsini (1350); Giacomo Orsini (1371); Poncello Orsini (1378); Giordano Orsini, iuniore (1405); Latino Orsini (1448) Cosma Orsini, O.S.B. (1480); Giovanni Battista Orsini (1483); Franciotto Orsini (1517); Flavio Orsini (1565); Alessandro Orsini (1615); Virginio Orsini, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1641); and Domenico Orsini d'Aragona (1743). He was called the Cardinal of Manupello.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Protonotary apostolic.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Dominica toward 1383 (1). Vicar of the pope for Rome ca. 1384. He informed Pope Urban VI about the conspiracy of six cardinals against the pontiff. Papal legate in the province of the Patrimony and Umbria; he left from Genoa, where the curia was, on May 10, 1386; he occupied the cities of Narni, Terni, Amelia, and, especially, Viterbo in May 1387. He was incarcerated for a brief time in December 1382, in the fort-castle of Rocca d'Amelia for having spoken in Viterbo against the legate that had succeeded him; Pope Urban VI himself freed him. Participated in the conclave of 1389, which elected Pope Boniface IX. He crowned the new pope on November 9, 1389. He left Rome for the countryside on May 19, 1390; returned to Rome and died.

Death. July 10, 1390, castle of Montenero Sabino, near Rieti. Buried in the patriarchal Vatican basilica.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 292; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 643-654; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 133-134; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 24 and 51.

Webgraphy. Cardinals of the Orsini family, in English; and his arms.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 133; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 24; Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni (103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861), XLIX, 186, indicates that he was created cardinal in 1379.

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(33) 3. CAPUA, Gugilemo di (?-1389)

Birth. (No date found), Capua. Of the counts of Altavilla. Son of Roberto di Capua, count of Altavilla, and Francesca Gaetani. Relative of Cardinal Ludovico di Capua (1378). He was called the Cardinal of Salerno or of Altavilla.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Salerno in 1378. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon of S. Maria in Cosmedin toward 1383 (1); he retained the administration of the see of Salerno until his death. Cardinal protodeacon. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio in 1384. Legate in Perugia; returned to Rome with Pope Urban VI, who was coming from Lucca, on January 28, 1389.

Death. July 23, 1389, Rome. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, II, 272; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 642; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 133; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 24, 47, 51 and 430.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 133; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 24. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, II, 272; and Gaetano Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni (103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861), I, 284, indicate that he was created cardinal on September 18 or 28, 1378.

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