The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
[Antipope] Clement VII (1378-1394)
>Consistory of November 3, 1389 (VII)
Celebrated in Avignon


(1) 1. TALARU, Jean de (?-1392)

Birth. (No date found), Talaru, Lyon, France. Son of Matthieu I, seigneur of Talaru. His last name is also listed as Thalaru. Uncle of Pseudocardinal Amédée de Talaru (1440). He was called the Cardinal of Lyon.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in law.

Early life. Canon of Saint-Just de Lyon. Custode and dean of the metropolitan cathedral of Saint-Jean de Lyon in 1360.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Lyon, June 13, 1375. Consecrated, July 29, 1375 (no further information found). He called a provincial council.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 3, 1389, at the request of King Charles VI of France; he did not receive a title; he resigned his see shortly after. His testament was dated September 23, 1392.

Death. September 24, 1392 (1), Lyon. Buried in the chapel of Saint-Pierre, which he had founded, in the metropolitan cathedral of Lyon. His red hat was still hanging over his tomb in 1660.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 687; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 152; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 28 and 316; Du Chesne, François. Histoire de tous les cardinaux françois : de naissance, ou qui ont esté promeus au cardinalat par l'expresse recommandation de nos roys, pour les grands services qu'ils ont rendus a leur estat, et a leur couronne. Comprenant commairement leurs legations, ambassades & voyages par eux faits en divers pays & royaumes, vers les papes, empereurs, roys, potentats, republiques, communautex & universitez, pour affaires importantes à l'église universelle, & à l'auguste majesté de nos souuerains. Enrichie de leurs armes et de leurs portraits. Divisée en deux tomes, et justifiée par tiltres et chartres du thresor de sa majesté, arrests des parlemens de France, registres des Chambres des comptes; donations, fondations, epitaphes, testamens, manuscripts, ancients monumens, chroniques & chartulaires d'abbayes, & autres histoires publiques & particlieres. 2 vols. A Paris : Aux despens de l'autheur, & se vendent chez luy ..., 1660, II, 705-706; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, X, 348-353.

Webgraphy. His engraving and biography, in French, p. 705-706; biography, in French, p. 348-353; his engraving and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) There are discrepancies about the date of his death: his first biography in French, linked above, says that he was alive in 1395; and the second biography in French, also linked above, says that he died in 1393.

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