The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
[Antipope] Clement VII (1378-1394)
Consistory of October 17, 1390 (IX)
Celebrated in Beaucaire, Arles


(31) 1. FLANDRIN, Jean (after 1301-1415)

Birth. After 1301, diocese of Vivier, France. Relative of Cardinal Pierre Flandrin (1371). He is also listed as Giovanni Filandrini. He was called the Cardinal of Auch.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in law.

Early life. Dean of the cathedral chapter of Laon. He received the subdiaconate.

Episcopate. He was proposed for the see of Carpentras in 1371 but not elected. Elected archbishop of Arles by Antipope Clement VII, January 24, 1379; the promotion did not take effect. Elected archbishop of Auch, May 20, 1379; occupied the see until his promotion. Consecrated, December 18, 1379 (no further information found). He published the statutes of the archdiocese in 1383.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of October 17, 1390; entered the curia of Avignon on June 17, 1391 and shortly after received the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo. Present at the death of Antipope Clement VII on September 16, 1394. Participated in the conclave of 1394, which elected Antipope Benedict XIII. He was one of the few pseudocardinals who remained with the antipope in September 1398. Named bishop of the suburbicarian see of Sabina on June 13, 1405 by Antipope Benedict XIII. Dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals in June 1409. He remained loyal to the antipope until his last day.

Death. July 8, 1415, perhaps in Peñíscola, Aragón. Buried in the church of Saint-Laurent, Viviers; he had started the construction of that church in 1381; the building was destroyed by the Protestants in the 16th century; his tomb was recovered from the ruins in 1880, during the construction of the present church.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 688; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 152-153; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 28, 42, 103 and 121.

Link. His arms and biography, in French.

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(32) 2. GIRARD, Pierre (?-1415)

Birth. (No date found), Saint-Symphorien le Château (now Saint-Symphorien-sur-Coise), France. He is also listed as Pietro Girard de Podio, Pierre Giroud, Pietro Gerard de Puy. He was called the Cardinal of Le Puy.

Education. Obtained a licentiate in law.

Early life. Archdeacon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Bourges in 1373. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Autun. Provost of the cathedral chapter of Marseille in 1374. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber in 1377. He received the diaconate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Lodève, October 17, 1382. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Le Puy, July 17, 1385; took possession of the see in person on September 22, 1388; occupied the see until his promotion. Named nuncio in France in 1385. Papal chamberlain. He was in Avignon on October 10, 1387. He was sent to Pavia to bring the red hat to Cardinals Pietro Pileo di Prata and Galeotto Tarlati de Petramala, who had joined the obedience of Avignon; his discourse on that occasion was published in 1909. He was a witness of the testament of Cardinal Pierre de Cros on November 15, 1388.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of October 17, 1390; he entered the curia in Avignon on December 21, 1390 and received the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli shortly after. Administrator of the see of Nîmes, 1391 to 1393. Witness of the peace conditions between Antipope Clement VII and Raymond de Turenne, May 5 to 8, 1392. He was present at the death of Antipope Clement VII on September 16, 1394. Testamentary executor of Cardinals Guillaume d'Aigrefeuille, September 24, 1394; and Jean Murol, September 19, 1397. Participated in the conclave of 1394, which elected Antipope Benedict XIII. Grand penitentiary in 1394 under Antipope Benedict XIII; and also under Antipope John XXIII. Took part in the reunion of cardinals in Villeneuve-lès-Avignon in 1395 to prepare the end of the schism. He wrote on October 8, 1403, from Salon, about the silver cross with relics of the true cross that he had donated to the church of his native city; on the preceding August 23, Antipope Benedict XIII had granted special indulgences to that church at the pseudocardinal's request; he visited the church in 1407. Named bishop of the suburbicarian see of Frascati on June 13, 1405 (or 1402). Abandoned the obedience of Antipope Benedict XIII in 1408 and was deposed by him on October 21 of that same year. Attended the Council of Pisa. Participated in the conclave of 1409, which elected Antipope Alexander V. Participated in the conclave of 1410, which elected Antipope John XXIII in Bologna. Antipope John XXIII recognized him as bishop of Frascati in 1410. Administrator of the see of Lavaur, March 21, 1311. Named legate in Avignon by Antipope John XXIII; he left from Florence, where the curia was, on September 23, 1413.

Death. November 9, 1415, Avignon. His body was transferred to the church of Saint-Symphorien le Château, which he had built, and buried on January 19, 1416, in a tomb that he had prepared.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 688; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 153; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 28, 39, 45, 91, 310 and 518.

Links. Biography, in Italian; his engraving and biography, in French; biography, in French, pp. 396-398; another view of the same; his image on a mural, southern wall of the choir, chapel of Malleville, church of Creys et Pusigneu, Isère, France; his engraving, arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.

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