The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
[Antipope] Benedict XIII (1394-1423)
Consistory of May 9, 1404 (IV)


(8) 1. ZALBA, Miguel de (ca. 1374-1406)

Birth. Ca. 1374, Pamplona. His last name is also listed as Salva, Zalva and Salua. Nephew of Pseudocardinal Martín de Zalba (1390).

Education. In 1386 (?), he had already obtained a baccalaureate in decrees (law); on October 16, 1403, he obtained a licentiate; and on the following December 6, a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, at the University of Bologna.

Early life. In 1386, he had a priorate in France and the one of Villatuerta; he also had benefices in Peralta and Falces, Navarra. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Segovia in 1390. Four years later, in 1394, he was canon of the cathedral chapters of Tudela, Segovia and Calahorra, racionero of Peralta and pastor of Sara. Professor of law at the University of Avignon.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro (1) in the consistory of May 9, 1404. Antipope Benedict XIII granted the benefices that were vacant because of the death of his uncle the pseudocardinal.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Pamplona, May 25, 1406; he governed the diocese through Vicar General García de Aibar. Consecrated (no information found). United to the diocese were the priorates of Ujué and Villatuerta and the church of Montreal; to these, the antipope added, among others, the priorate of Santa Cruz de Tudela. He accompanied Antipope Benedict XIII to Italy, and fell ill of the plague and died.

Death. August 24, 1406, Monaco, diocese of Nice. His body was transported to Nice and buried in the church of S. Francesco; later, his remains were transferred to the Carthusian church of Saint-Marie de Bon Pas, Avignon (2) and buried next to the tomb of his uncle.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 741; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 155; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 30, 43, 50, ; Goñi Gaztambide, José. "Zalba, Miguel de." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), IV, 2792.

Links. Biography by Xabier Lasalle, in Spanish, Auñamendi Eusko Entziklopedia; his statue in the tomb of King Carlos III el Noble of Navarra, cathedral of Pamplona, Pamplona, Spain;a larger picture of the same statue; and arms of the Palace of Zalba.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted; Francesco Cristofori, Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. (Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888), p. 50, lists him as occupant of the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina from 1403 to 1406.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph taken from Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 741:

HIC IACET REVERENDISSIMVS PATER MICHAEL
DE LA SALVA LEGVM DOCTOR NATIONE NAVARRVS
S. GEORGII AD VELVM AVREVM DIACONVS CARDINALIS
OBIIT APVD MONACHVM NICIENSIS DIOECESIS
DIE XVI. AVGVSTI ANNO MCCCVI.
ET FVIT NEPOS DOMINI MARTINI
CARDINALIS PAMPLONENSIS VVLGARITER NVNCVPATI
IN HAC CAPELLA ETIAM SEPVLTI
QVORVM ANIMAE REQVIESCANT IN PACE. AMEN.

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(9) 1. CHALLANT, Antonio de (ca. 1350-1418)

Birth. Ca. 1350, Savoy. Son of Aimone Challant, signore of Fênis, Ussel and Saint-Marcel, and Fiorina Provana, of the signore of Leynì. His last name is also listed as Chalanto. He was called the Cardinal of Challant.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in law at the University of Orléans.

Early life. Prior commendatario of S. Maria di Payerne. Chancellor of the county of Savoy, 1402 to 1404. Named counselor of the county of Savoy and its procurator for all the litigations and affairs, January 26, 1403.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal deacon of S. Maria in Via Lata in the consistory of May 9, 1404.

Episcopate. Named administrator of the metropolitan see of Tarentaise, June 1, 1404; took possession on September 23, 1405; occupied the post until his death. He was in Perpignan with Antipope Benedict XIII on July 24, 1408. Left the obedience of Antipope Benedict XIII shortly after; he was deposed by the antipope on October 21, 1408. Attended the Council of Pisa. Participated in the conclave of 1409, which elected Antipope Alexander V, and joined the obedience of the antipope. Participated in the conclave of 1410, which elected Antipope John XXIII, and joined the obedience of the antipope. He may have received in commendam the deaconry of S. Eustachio in 1410. Abbot commendatario of Saint-Michel de la Cluse, 1411 to 1421. Nuncio in France in 1411. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Cecilia on March 19, 1412.

Priesthood. Ordained on March 19, 1412 by Antipope John XXIII. Legate in England. Later he was named legate before Emperor Sigismund; left from Florence on September 6, 1413, with Pseudocardinal Francesco Zabarella; his mission was to discuss with the emperor the place for the celebration of the future council. Attended the Council of Constance; he was the ambassador of the duke of Savoy. Participated in the conclave of 1417, which elected Pope Martin V. The following year, he accompanied the pope to Lausanne.

Death. September 4, 1418, castle of Bulle, near Lausanne. Buried in the cathedral of Lausanne on September 13, 1418.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 740-741; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 155-156; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 30, 40, 52 and 473.

Link. Biographical entry, in Italian.

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