The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Gregory XII (1406-1415)
Consistory of September 19, 1408 (II)
Celebrated in Siena


(5) 1. BONITO, Ludovico (?-1413)

Birth. (No date found), Agrigento, Sicily. His first name is also listed as Luigi and his last name as Boneto. Some sources indicate that he was a member of the Brancaccio family. Other cardinals of the Brancaccio family were: Landolfo Brancaccio (1294); Niccolò Brancaccio, pseudocardinal of Clement VII (1378); Rinadlo Brancaccio (1384); Tommaso Brancaccio (1411); Francesco Maria Brancaccio (1633); and Stefano Brancaccio (1681).He was called the Cardinal of Taranto.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in decrees (canon law).

Early life. He was a renowned canonist.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Palermo, June 1, 1387; received the pallium on July 1, 1386. celebrated the second provincial council in 1388; he was expelled from his see by King Martino of Sicily; returned shortly after. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Antivari in 1395. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Saloniki (Thessalonica), 1395; confirmed, May 22, 1396. Transferred to the see of Bergamo, September 5, 1399. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Pisa, July 18, 1400; confirmed, November 15, 1400. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Taranto, at the end of 1406 or before May 28, 1407; took possession of the see on July 29, 1407. Legate before King Ladislaus of Naples; he was promoted to the cardinalate during his legation.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 9, 1408 with the title of S. Maria in Trastevere; kept the administration of his see until 1412.

Death. September 18, 1413, of violenta febbre, Rimini. The funeral took place in the church of S. Francesco, Rimini, on September 15; the eulogy was delivered by Cardinal Giovanni Domenici, archbishop of Ragusa; his remains were buried in the middle of that same church (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 344-345; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 767-768; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp.31, 44, 93, 388, 396, 400, 473 and 484.

Link. His arms.

(1) This is the text of the inscription placed in his tomb, taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 768:

Hic animo, moribus, sensu, virtute, fenecta
Consiliorum potens Ludovicus stirpe BONETO
grigentina Siculæ telluris, ut ipse
Ingenio clarus, sic dignitate serenus
In sacro famam, Romaneque Tarentum
Præbuit Ecclesiam per mille pericula
Papa Gregorio sub vera temens fuit, usque secutus.

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(6) 2. CINO, Angelo (?-1412)

Birth. (No date found), Bavagna, Umbria (1). His last name is also listed as Cini and as Ghini Malpighi. He was called the Cardinal of Recanati.

Education. He obtained a doctorate in decrees (canon law).

Early life. He was a renowned canonist.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Recanati e Macerata, July 20, 1385. Consecrated (no information found). Named apostolic collector in Marca Anconitana on February 21. 1387.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio; retained the administration of his see for a year. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church from 1408. Legate in Marca Anconitana, May 8, 1409.

Death. June 21, 1412, suddenly, Pisa (2). His body was transferred to Recanati and buried in its cathedral (3).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 343-344; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 767; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31, 47, 411.

(1) This is according to Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, III 343; and "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 43; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 767, says that he was born in Recanati.
(2) Some sources say that he died in Recanati.
(3) This is the inscription in his tomb taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 767:

REVERENDISSIMVS D. A. CARD. RECANATI
OBIIT XXI. IVNII ANNO MCCCCXII.
CVIVS ANIMA REQVIESCAT IN PACE.

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(7) 3. BARBARIGO, Angelo (ca. 1350-1418)

Birth. Ca. 1350, Venice. Of a patrician family. Son of Bartolomeo Barbarigo and Caterina Correr, sister of Pope Gregory XII. His last name is also listed as Barbadico and Barbadigo. Other cardinals of the family were Cardinals Gregorio Barbarigo (1660); Marcantonio Barbarigo (1686); and Giovanni Francesco Barbarigo (1719). He was called the Cardinal of Verona.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Kisamos toward the end of 1383. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Verona, September 21, 1406.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro; he kept the administration of his see for a year. Opted for the title of S. Prassede, possibly in commendam because he had his original title in 1417, on July 4, 1415. Attended the Council of Constance. Participated in the conclave of 1417, which elected Pope Martin V.

Death. August 16, 1418 (1), Genève (2). Buried in the cathedral of Genoa.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 345-347; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 768-769; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. ; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 33, 44, 186 and 523; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), II, 291.

Link. His arms.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, 769, adds that he died on that date or on September 1, 1418.
(2) Some sources confuse the name of this city and say that he died in Genoa.

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(8) 4. BANDELLI, Bandello (ca. 1350-1416)

Birth. Ca. 1350, Lucca. Of a patrician family. He was called the Cardinal of Rimini.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, in 1388.

Early life. Apostolic collector in Toscany and the duchy of Spoleto.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Città di Castello, July 15, 1387; took possession the following September 16. Consecrated (no information found). Named nuncio in Germany and Bohemia, June 2, 1388. Transferred to the see of Rimini, March 14, 1407.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of S. Balbina; administrator of his see, September 10, 1408; retained the post until his death. Legate of Pope Gregory XII in the Venician territories and Romagna. In January 6, 1413, he received in his cathedral Pope Gregory XII, who was seeking refuge under the protection of Carlo Maltesta, his friend and prince of that city. Attended the Council of Constance and died during its celebration.

Death. October 1416 (1), Constance. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 347; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 769; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31, 40, 107 and 191.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 143; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, II, 31 and 40; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, III, 347, says that he died after the election of Pope Martin V in Constance in 1417; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 769, indicates that he died in August or September 1415; or in 1417, after the election of Pope Martin V. His successor in the see of Rimini, Girolamo Leonardi, O.E.S.A., was elected on January 10, 1417.

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(9) 5. REPINGTON, C.R.S.A., Philip (?-1424)

Birth. (No date or place found), diocese of Lincoln, England. His last name is also listed as Repyngdon and Repingdon.

Education. Studied at Oxford University; obtained a doctorate in theology. Joined the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine; professed at the abbey of St. Mary de Pré, Leicester.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Professor of theology at Oxford University. He expressed his support for Oxford Theologian John Wycliffe's rejection of transubstantiation (1); for that, Canon Repington was invited to a disputation with Oxford doctors in theology on June 7 1382 and was duly suspended from preaching by the chancellor of the university; he was formally excommunication by Archbishop William Courtenay of Canterbury; he soon abjured his heresy before the primate on the following October 23 and at Oxford University in November; he took special care to extinguish Wycliffe's heresies wherever he found them (2). Canon of the abbey of Leicester; one of the four member council of the abbot, 1389; and later, in 1394, became abbot of Leicester. Elected chancellor of Oxford University in 1397; reelected in 1400; occupied the post until 1402. A friend of King Henry IV of England, he was named by the monarch one of the royal chaplains and his confessor. The king, using his conge d'elire, named him bishop.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Lincoln, November 19, 1404. Consecrated, March 29,1405, Canterbury, by Thomas Arundel, archbishop of Canterbury.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo (3). In 1412, the canons of Leicester abbey obtained a royal licence permitting them to obtain from the pope exemption from the bishop of Lincoln's jurisdiction, so long as Cardinal Repingdon should be bishop; such exemption, if ever obtained, was nullified in the following year, when the cardinal obtained from the pope a declaration that Leicester abbey should be fully subject to him and his successors. Did not participated in the conclave of 1417, which elected Pope Martin V. Resigned his see on October 10, 1419; the pope accepted his resignation on February 1, 1420; he resumed his duties as one of the Augustinian Canons. He was a renowned author of ecclesiastical works.

Death. 1424 (4). His request to lie in his old abbey of St. Mary de Pré was not granted. Buried in the cathedral of Lincoln, near the tomb of one of his predecessors, Bishop Robert Grosseteste. He left generous bequests to the library of Oxford University.

Bibliography. Baxter, Dudley. England's Cardinals, London: Burns & Oates, 1903, p. 27-30; Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, pp. 28-30; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 348; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31, 45 and 306; Heseltine, George Coulehan. The English cardinals. With some account of those of other English-speaking countries. London : Burns Oates & Washbourne, 1931, pp. 56-59; Quinlan, John. Our English cardinals, including the English pope. Alcester ; Dublin : C. Goodliffe Neale, 1972, pp. 29-30.

(1) The Catholic dogma that the bread and wine are changed into the body and blood of Christ at the consecration of the Mass.
(2) According to Quinlan, Our English cardinals, including the English pope, p. 29, "Knowing by painful experience how easily they ensnared souls, he was markedly kind in his treatment of those who had fallen into error. In this spirit of charity, he disregarded the decree of the Council of Constance, which condemned Wycliffe's teaching."
(3) Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 31 and 306, says that he did not accept the cardinalate; Francesco Cristofori, Cronotassi dei cardinali de Santa Romana Chiesa (Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888), p. 75, indicates tha he ccupied the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo until 1418. Baxter, England's Cardinals, p. 29, says that he accepted the cardinalate; Bellenger, Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals, p. 28, says that his promotion to the cardinalate "has been a matter of dispute"; the same source adds, pp. 29-30, that the "confused circumstances of the schism did lead to a relaxation of the rule whereby cardinals automatically resigned their bishoprics, but that in itself cannot be the complete answer. The problem hinges on the annulment of all Gregory's acts after May 1408, part of the process whereby it was hoped that the schism could be resolved."; Quinlan, Our English cardinals, including the English pope, p. 30, says that he was created cardinal deacon of the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo.
(4) This is according to Baxter, England's Cardinals, p. 30; Heseltine, The English cardinals, p. 59; and Quinlan, Our English cardinals, including the English pope, p. 30, his biogrrphy in English, linked above, says that the date of his death is not known but that he probably died before August 1, 1424, because his will was executed in that month; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 33; and Bellenger, Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals, p. 28, say that he died in 1434.

Link. Biography, in English.

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(10) 6. KRAKAU, Matthäus von (ca. 1335/1340-1410)

Birth. Ca. 1335/1340, Kraków. His father was a city notary. He is also listed as Matthew of Cracow, Matthieu de Cracovie and as Mateusz z Krakowa; and his last name as Ciaconiani.

Education. Initial studies at St. Mary's collegiate school, Kraków; later, he studied at Univerzity Karlovy of Prague; obtained a baccalaureate in 1365; in 1367, the magisterium; and in 1381, he obtained a doctorate in theology.

Early life. In 1378, he was elected dean of the Faculty of Arts at the University of Prague; and again in 1381; he was a professor until 1380. As a delegate of the university, he undertook in 1379 a trip to visit Pope Urban VI and the Roman Curia, where he gave a sermon of the reform program before the pope.

Priesthood. Ordained in 1380. In 1385, he traveled again on behalf of the university to Genova. In Prague, he was a priest at the church of the Blessed Virgin of the Teym in 1387 and ministered beyond the city boundaries as preacher; he preached the reform of the church in Latin as well as in the vernacular languages; Archbishop Johann von Jestetten of Prague, who was his friend, assigned him several times to deliver sermons in provincial synods; he also took part in the preparation of the canonization of Saint Brigitta of Sweden. Provost of Sankt Aegidius in Breslau. Like many of its colleagues, he left the University of Prague in 1390 and accepted an invitation from the city of Kraków to become a advisor for the reorganization of the university; he stayed until 1394. Professor and reactor at La Sorbonne University, Paris. He was appointed to a well endowed theological chair at the University of Heidelberg in 1394; the following year, 1395, he became dean of the theological faculty; and from 1396 to 1397, its rector; for a decade, he was of one of the most important leaders of the university. In 1395, he was named privy counselor and Beichtvater of Prince Ruprecht II, elector palatine of the Rhine; he was also given a canonicate in Speyer. He became a prominent person and exerted a great influence since 1396 in the court in Heidelberg, the center of the Roman obedience in Germany. He received, as a preacher, the right of free pulpit choice in 1396. In 1397, he stayed for some months in Kraków to organize the structure of the theological studies. In 1401, he traveled with King Ruprecht III "Klem" of Germany, to Nuernberg in order to organize there a government center. In 1401, he was sent as an envoy to France. Together with Bishop Raban von Helmstatt of Speyer, he led the lengthy and difficult negotiations for King Ruprecht with the Roman Curia concerning the license to practice medicine; the negotiations were successfully concluded on October 1, 1403. He was promoted to the episcopate at the request of the German king.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Worms, June 19, 1405. Consecrated, June 27, 1405, probably in Rome (no further information found). Ambassador of Ruprecht III, king of Germany, before the pope.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of S. Ciriaco (1). He attended the Council of Pisa in 1409 as ambassador of the king of Germany. In that same year, the pope, at the suggestion of King Ruprecht, took away the religious jurisdiction over territories of Archbishop Johannes of Mainz and transferred it to Bishop Matthaus in order to subject the territories to the Roman obedience. Shortly after, he was named papal legate to the church provinces of Mainz, Trier, Cologne, Salzburg, Bremen and Magdeburg. He authored nuemrous theological works.

Death. March 5, 1410, as a consequences of a cold, Worms (or possibly in Heidelberg). Buried in the middle of the choir of the cathedral of Worms. He left his library of approximately ninety-one volumes in theology and legal literature to the University of Heidelberg (2).

Bibliography. Amann, Émile. "Matthieu de Cracovie." Dictionnaire de théologie catholique : contenant l'exposé des doctrines de la théologie catholique, leurs preuves et leur histoire. Commencé sous la direction de A. Vacant, E. Mangenot ; continué sous celle de É. Amann ; avec le concours d'un grand nombre de collaborateurs. 15 v. in 30. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1923-1950, X, 1, 390-391; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 348; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 770; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 143; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31, 42 and 535; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs. 4 vols. Paris : Picard, 1894-1897, I, 149-152; Keilmann, Burkard. "Matthäus von Krakau." Die Bischöfe des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, 1198 bis 1448 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz, unter Mitwirkung von Clemens Brodkorb. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2001, pp. 875-877.

Links. Biography by Thomas Kennedy, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biographical data, in Polish, PWN Encyklopedia; biography, in Polish, Grupa Onet.pl SA; and biography in La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Moyen âge, by Pierre Féret (Paris : A. Picard et fils), vol, IV, 149-152.

(1) Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 31, says that he did not accept the cardinalate; the same source, p. 535, indicates that he was promoted to the cardinalate and does not mention that he did not accept the promotion; Keilmann, "Matthäus von Krakau." Die Bischöfe des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, 1198 bis 1448 : ein biographisches Lexikon, p. 877, says that for unknown reasons, he did not accept the cardinalate; his biography in German, linked above, says that he did not accept the promotion to the cardinalate adding that while the Roman sources list him as a cardinal, the German ones do not; his biography in English, linked above, also says that he did not accept the promotion.
(2) Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 535, no. 11, indicates, with an exclamation mark (!) that he was granted the faculty to make a will on April 10, 1410; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 143, theat he died on March 5, 1410 having obtained the faculty of of making a will on April 10, 1410 and places a question mark (?) immediately after.

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(11) 7. MANZOLI, O.Hum., Luca (ca. 1331?-1411)

Birth. Ca. 1331?, Pontorme, near Florence. His last name is also listed as Manzolius and Manzolus.

Education. Entered the Order of the Humiliati, monastery of Ognissanti, Florence. Magister in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He became a famous professor of Sacred Theology. Abbot or superior of the monastery of Ognissanti in Florence.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Fiesole, August 24, 1408; the see was then occupied by Giacomo Altovita, who died in 1409. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina; resigned his see at the end of 1408. Named legate in Florence and its district and in the county of Città di Castello, October 27, 1408. Deprived of the cardinalate by Pope Gregory XII for having taken part in the Council of Pisa. He helped elect Antipope Alexander V on June 26, 1409 at the Council of Pisa.

Death. September 14, 1411, in odor of sanctity, Florence. Buried in the church of the the monastery of Ognissanti, Florence (1).

Beatification. The martyrology of his order gives him the title of blessed and celebrates his feast on September 14; his veneration has not yet been confirmed.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 349; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 770-771; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31, 43 and 249; Tiraboschi, Girolamo, 1731-1794 ; Joannes Braidensis, fl. 1419. Vetera humiliatorum monumenta annotationibus, ac dissertationibus prodromis illustrata, quibus multa sacræ, civilis, ac literatiæ medii ævi historiæ capita explicantur. 3 vols. Mediolani : excudebat J. Galeatius, regius typographus, 1766-1768, I, 260-265.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 770:

Exemplar vitæ, morum, virtutis, et alma
Professor legis, qualem vix nouerat etas
Nostra parem : fuit hic Lucas ex ordine nostræ
Cardinis ad culmen Romana sponte vocatur
Ecclesia verum Legatus postea summi
Pontificis moritur, coelum mens ipsa volavit.

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(12) 8. RIBAS, O.S.B., Vicente de (?-1408)

Birth. Valencia (1). He is also listed as Vicenç de Ribes and his last name as Rivo; some sources list him as Vicente-Valentínand Vincentius Valentini, as if this were his second name but it actually is a reference to his place of birth: Aragonensis vel Valentinus.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines). Obtained a doctorate in canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Chamberlain at Ripoll. Named prior of the monastery of Santa María de Montserrat by Pope Urban VI in 1384; Antipope Clement VIII named Pere de Vergne to the same post, at the same time; King Pedro III, the Ceremonious, of Aragón did not recognize either nomination; Prior Ribas could not take possession until the death of the king occurred in 1387. He was named chancellor of King Martín el Viejo of Aragón before 1395; and later, his ambassador before the pope. He and his monastery remained loyal to the pope even when Catalonia and its church recognized the antipope of Avignon.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the title of S. Anastasia. He was a renowned canonist.

Death. November 10, 1408, Montserrat. Buried, probably, in the monastery of Montserrat.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 351; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 31 and 39; Goñi Gaztambide, José. "Ribas, Vicente de." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), suppl., 645-646.

Link. Biographical entry, in English Gran Enciclopèdia Catalana.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931, p. 144; his biographical entry in English, linked above, says that he was born in Ribes (?), El Ripollès, comarca of Barcelona, Catalonia.

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(13) 9. MOROSINI, iuniore, Pietro (?-1424)

Birth. (No date found), Venice. He was called the Cardinal of Venice. His last name is also listed as Maurocenus.

Education. Studied law at the University of Bologna.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Treviso. On May 28, 1405, he obtained permission from Pope Innocent VII to continue his studies of law at the University of Bologna for three years while receiving the revenues of his canonship; the permission was extended by Pope Gregory XII for five years. Professor of decretals (law) at the University of Padua. He became one of the most celebrated jurisconsults of his time; he compiled the sixth volume of the Decretali. Protonotary apostolic.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of September 19, 1408 with the deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin. Pope Gregory XII declared on September 12, 1412, that he should be admitted to the next conclave although the cardinal had not yet received the sacred orders. Did not participate in the conclave of 1417, which elected Pope Martin V. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica in 1417. He did not arrive in Constance until February 7, 1418. Named legate in Sicily by the new pope; left Mantua, where the papal curia was, on December 1, 1418; he crowned Queen Giovanna II in Naples October 28, 1419. He went to Tivoli with the pope on June 17, 1421.

Death. August 11, 1424, castle of Gallicano, near Palestrina, where the pope was. Buried in the church of S. Maria Nuova, Rome (1). His manuscripts are at the Vatican library.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 350-351; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 771-772; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 144; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 32 and 51; Die Mittelalterlichen Grabmäler in Rom und Latium vom 13. bis zum 15. Jahrhundert. 2 vol. Bearbeitet von Tassilo Blittersdorff ... [et al.], unter Mitarbeit von Hanns Jäger-Sunstenau und Walter Koch ; redigiert von Jörg Garms, Roswitha Juffinger und Bryan Ward-Perkins. Rom : Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften, 1981-1994. (Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom. 2. Abteilung, Quellen ; 5. Reihe; Variation: Publikationen des Österreichischen Kulturinstituts in Rom.; 2. Abteilung, Quellen ; 5. Reihe). Contents: 1. Bd. Die Grabplatten und Tafeln -- 2. Bd. Die Monumentalgrdber, I, 198.

Link. His portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, taken from Die Mittelalterlichen Grabmäler in Rom und Latium vom 13. bis zum 15. Jahrhundert, I, 198:

HIC IACET PRECLARE MEMORIE
REUER(EN)DISSIMUS I(N) CHR(IST)O PATER ET D(OMI)N(U)S PETRUS S(AN)C(T)E MARIE I(N) DOMNICA DIACONUS CARDINALIS VENETAR(UM)
IUNIOR NU(N)CUPATUS QUI OBIIT AN(N)O D(OMI)NI M· CCCC·
XXIII DIE · XI · MENSIS · AUGUSTI · CUIUS A(N)I(M)A IN PACE REQUIESCAT AMEN

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(14) 10. OTTAVIANI, Ottaviano (?-?)

Birth. (No date found), Florence. Of a patrician family.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. "... singolare destrezza, e prudenza nel maneggiare i pubblici affari, anche i più dificli, e intriganti.... " (1)

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of September 19, 1408; his title is not known (2).

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 349-350; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 771; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VI. Les cardinaux du Grand Schisme (1378-1417)". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1931. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1931, p. 144.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, III, 350 (singular dexterity and prudence in the conduct of public affairs, also very difficult and scheming).
(2) The three sources cited in the bibliography list him as a cardinal created by Pope Gregory XIII but indicate that they, as well as other sources, doubt that the creation took place. Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi (Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960), does not mention him at all.

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