The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Martin V (1415-1431)
Consistory of November 8, 1430 (IV)


(16) 1. CASANOVA, O.P., Juan (1387-1436)

Birth. 1387, Barcelona. Of a noble family. His first name is also listed as Joan.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans) on July 8, 1403, in Barcelona; studied grammar in Barcelona, 1405; later, in Huesca and Gerona, 1406-1407, and in Sangüesa, 1408; studied logic in Lérida and Cervera (1409); then, went to teach grammar in Barcelona. Studied theology at the University of Salamanca, 1415-1418; obtained the title of magister in theology in 1419.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 24, 1414. Further studies in Salamanca, 1415-1418. Pope Martin V named him penitentiary minor on August 31, 1419. Named master of the Sacred Palace and general preacher in 1420. Confessor of King Alfonso V in 1423.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Bosa, 1424. Consecrated (no information found). Transferred to the see of Elne, November 28, 1425; confirmed on December 29, 1425; named administrator of the see on October 30, 1430, in prevision to his promotion to the cardinalate; occupied the post until August 31, 1431.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest with the title of S. Sisto in secret in the consistory of November 8, 1430; published by Pope Eugenius IV on July 4, 1431; received the red hat on July 11, 1431. Administrator of the see of Gerona, August 8, 1431; occupied the post until his death. Abbot commendatario of the Benedictine monastery of San Pedro de Rodas, diocese of Gerona. Abbot commendatario of the monastery of S. Maria de Villa Bertrand, of the Canons Regular of Saint Augustine, diocese of Gerona. He attended the Council of Basle and opposed Pope Eugenius IV at first, later he sided with the pope and wrote Tractatus de potestate Papae super Concilium in his defense; his commendams in the diocese of Gerona were revoked by the pope on September 9, 1433; the pontiff annulled his decision shortly after. He was noted in Rome on February 26, 1435.

Death. March 1, 1436 (1), Florence. He was buried in the church of S. Maria Novella, Florence; later, his remains were transferred to Barcelona and buried in a marble monument in the Dominican church of that city.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 58-60; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 864; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 130-131; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 34 and 239; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 7, 65 and 158 ; Galmés, L. "Casanova, Juan de." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España. 4 vols and Supplement. Dirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975; Suplemento (1987), I, 373.

Webgraphy. Biographical entry, in English; biography, in German; and El salterio y libro de horas de Alfonso el Magnánimo y el cardenal Joan de Casanova, illustration and biographical information in Spanish.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 131; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 864; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 34 and II, 7 and 65; Galmés, L. "Casanova, Juan de." Diccionario de historia eclesiástica de España, I, 373, says that he died on February 24, 1436.

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(17) 2. MONTFORT, Guillaume Ragenel de (?-1432)

Birth. (No date found), Dinan, France. Son of Raoul, seigneur of Montfort and of Gaël, and Isabeau de la Roche-Bernard, dame of Lohéac. His second name is also listed as Dinano, Dinam and Dinanus. He was called the Cardinal of Montfort or of Dinan

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Protonotary apostolic. Archdeacon of Dinan.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Saint Malo, October 13, 1423. Consecrated (no information found). He was proposed for the see of Saint-Brieuc on July 7, 1424 but declined; and for the see of Dol on May 5, 1430 but also declined.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal in secret in the consistory of November 8, 1430; published by Pope Eugenius IV on March 11, 1432; received the title of S. Anastasia and the red hat on June 13, 1432. On April 23, 1431, Pope Martin V charged him with the breaking of the marriage of Louis, son of the king of Sicily, with Princess Isabeau de Bretagne.

Death. September 27, 1432 (1), Siena, while traveling to Italy from France. Buried in the church of the Friars Minor (Franciscans) in Siena.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 59-60; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 864; Guillotin de Corson, Amédée. Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes. 6 vols. Rennes : Fougeray, 1880 1886, p. 591-592; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 131; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 34, 39, and 319; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 7, 61and 182.

Webgraphy. Biographical entry, in French; biography, in French, p. 591-592.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 864; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 34, 39 and 319; and II, 182; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 131; and Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, II, 7, 61; say that he died before September 23, 1432.

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MUCCIARELLI, O.S.M., Stefano (?-1424)

Birth. (No date found), Borgo San Sepolcro. He is also listed as Stefano di Sansepolcro.

Education. Entered the Order of the Servants of Mary (Servites).

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Elected 17th prior general of his order in the general chapter celebrated in Pisa 1411. In the general chapter held in Pisa in 1413, when Fra Stefano of Sansepolcro was prior general and the Order gave allegiance to the Pisan antipope, John XXIII, the friars at Monte Senario obtained their own special statutes, designed to allow the priory proceed without outside interference in its particular way of life. The priory was placed under the immediate jurisdiction of the prior general; the Tuscan provincial was permitted to make canonical visitation there, but could not assign or remove friars from the community. Because of its poverty, the community was dispensed from the regular taxes of the Order and the Tuscan province for the time being. The prior was to be elected every two years by the community itself and confirmed in office by the prior general, who would also determine the limits of the prior's powers. During his generalate, the Order participated in a general council of the Church for the first time, as he attended the Council of Constance, in which Pope Martin V was elected, thus ending the Great Schism of the West. In 1424, the pope issued the bull Sedis apostolicae providentia, which approved the rule of the Servite Third Order. Named nuncio before the king of Poland.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest of S. Marcello in secret in a consistory in 1424; he died before his promotion was published.

Death. In 1424, Kraków. Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Benassi, Vincenzo ; Dias, Odir J. ; Faustini, Faustino. A short history of the Servite order. Rome : General Secretariate for the Servite Missions, 1987, pp. 76 and 95; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 60; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 864-865; Dal Pino, F.A. "Stefano da Sansepolcro priore generale e l'Ordine dei Servi tra scisma e conciliarismo (1378-1424)", in Studi Storici dell'Ordine dei Servi di Maria, XXIX, n. 40, 1979, 1, p. 5- 62; Guillotin de Corson, Amédée. Pouillé historique de l'archevêché de Rennes. 6 vols. Rennes : Fougeray, 1880 1886, p. 591-592; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 131.

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DATI, O.P., Leonardo (ca. 1360-1425)

Birth. Ca. 1360, Florence. Son of Anastasio (Statio) Dati and Ghita Taoni. Brother of Gregorio Dati, gonfaloniere of justice of Florence, the a republlic, in 1429.

Education. Entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans); professed in the convent of S. Maria Novella, Florence.

Sacred orders. Ordained (no further information found). Elected prior of Florence. Inquisitor in Bologna in 1409. Provincial of Rome in July 1409. Procurator general of his order in Rome. Master of the Sacred Palace. Elected 25th master general of his order on September 14, 1414. Attended the Council of Pisa. Participated in the Council of Constance as master general of his order and representative of Florence. He was one of the six Italian delegates to the conclave of 1417. He opened the Council of Pavia in the name of Pope Martin V in 1423. Together with his brother Gregorio, he wrote "La Sphera", a description of the world in poetic form.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in secret in the consistory of March 16, 1425; he died on that same day; the papal envoys who were bringing him the news of his promotion placed his cardinalitial insignias on his coffin.

Death. March 16, 1425 (1), Florence. Buried in the middle of the church of S. Maria Novella, Florence (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 0-61; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 865; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 131.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; A propos de "La Sfera" de Dati, in French; description of La Sphera, The European Digital Library Treasures, Kansalliskirjasto, Finland, seventh entry on the page; La Sfera, informazioni generali sull'opera, in Italian, Fondazione Istituto Internazionale di Storia Economica "F. Datini", Biblioteca in linea, Immagini per la storia economica e sociale, Prato, Italy; and his tomb stone by Lorenzo Ghiberti, Cappella Rucellai, church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, Italy.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p.131; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 865, indicates that he died xvii. Kal. Aprilis anno salutis 1425 and that some sources say that he died on June 22, 1426, and others ca. 1427.
(2) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb taken from Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 865:

CELEBRIS HIC MEMORIA COLITVR CLARI RELIGIOSI
FRATRIS LEONARDI STATII DE FLOREN.
SACRAE THEOLOGIAE AC TOTIVS ORDINIS
MAGISTRI GENERALIS.

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