The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Antipope Felix V (1430-1447)
Consistory of November 12, 1440 (III)


(13) 1. TALARU, Amédée de (?-1444)

Birth. (No date found), Lyon, France. Son of Matthieu de Talaru, seigneur of Noailly, and Béatrix de Marsilly, dame of Chalmazel. Nephew of Pseudocardinal Jean de Talaru (1389). His last name is also listed as Talabu.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in decrees (law).

Early life. Canon of Saint-Juste. Canon of the metropolitan chapter of the cathedral of Saint-Jean of Lyon; later, its grand chantre and archdeacon. Sent by the cathedral chapter in 1410 to be present at the unearthing of the bodies of Saints Irénée, Épipode and Alexandre. Count of Lyon. Attended the Council of Constance as deputy of the cathedral chapter of Lyon; while at the council, he learned of his election to the metropolitan see of Lyon. Attended the Council of Basel in 1436.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Lyon by its metropolitan chapter, December 9, 1415. Consecrated, January 14, 1416 (1), Lyon, by Charles de Potiers, bishop of Langres, assisted by Jean Christini, bishop of Mâcon, and by Hughes d'Orges, bishops of Châlons-sur Sâone; confirmed by Pope Martin V on December 15, 1417. By a bull of August 1, 1417, Pope Martin V confirmed the primacy of the see of Lyon over the provinces of Rouen, Tours and Sens; this was the tenth bull issued on the subject. On July 27, 1431, he received in Lyon Cardinal Niccolò Albergati, legate in France of Pope Eugenius IV. On February 26, 1432, the assembly of the clergy of France, celebrated in Bourges, chose him to try to convince Pope Eugenius IV to continue the Council of Basel in the interest of the faith and religion. In a letter dated April 28, 1452, he wrote to the bishop of Basel, Louis de La Palud, that a canon of Liège, named Jean Dumont, had gone to Lyon as representative of Pope Eugenius IV, to press him and his suffragans to accept the translation of the council to Bologna; the archbishop of Lyon maintained firmly that the council should be in Basel and rejected the offers to celebrate it in Besançon, Avignon or Lyon. Eventually, Archbishop Taleru excused himself from his embassy to Rome and went to Basel in 1434.

The archbishop of Lyon received notable deference and support from the council: in the conflict between the new archbishop of Rouen, Hugues d'Orges, and the pope, who had refused to grant him the pallium because of the new metropolitan failure to pay the annates, the council issued a decree, dated October 14, 1435, ordering Archbishop Talaru to perform the function of "pope", only for this one time, and as primate of the Gauls, to impose the pallium on the new metropolitan of Rouen; in the conflict between the archbishop of Lyon and Philippe de Bourbon, sire of Beaujeu, the council wrote the latter on April 15, 1435 that it had decided that he should pay homage to the archbishop; by decree of July 9, 1438, the Council of Basel granted Archbishop Talaru, as primate, the power to concede matrimonial dispensation in cases of prohibited degrees, because the pope's refusal to granting those dispensations was causing troubles in the consciences and families. He had an important part in the deposition of Pope Eugenius IV by the council (2).

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 12, 1440; his title is unknown; it is not known if he accepted the promotion (3). He returned to Lyon after having been in Basel for eight years and governed the archdiocese for three.

Death. Tuesday February 11, 1444, Lyon; he had made his testament on July 19, 1443, leaving all his possessions to the see of Lyon. Buried in the chapel of Saint-Pierre, next to the tomb of his uncle the pseudocardinal, in the metropolitan cathedral of Saint-Jean of Lyon.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 941-942; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 316;Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 9 and 182, n. 1; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, X, 358-362.

Link. Biography, in French, pp. 358-362.

(1) This is according to his biography in French, linked above; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 145, says that he was consecrated on January 16, 1416.
(2) According to Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale, X, 360, when it came to the matter of concluding the eight articles of the report drawn up against Pope Eugenius IV, the archbishop of Lyon brightened himself somewhat at the expense of certain prelates who, this time, proposed their opinion without being questioned, and spoke much, though they had kept silence in all the other deliberations of the council. "Here, he says, more than seven years that I am in Basel, and never I had seen such a miracle. The deaf persons hear, the dumb men speak the word, they appear even loquacious and eloquent."
(3) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 145; his biography in French linked above, p. 360-361, indicates that he accepted the promotion.

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(14) 2. DU MOULIN, Denis (?-1447)

Birth. (No date found), Meaux, France. His baptismal name was Pierre-Denis. His last name is also listed as de Molendina.

Education. Licentiate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. He married Marie de Courtenay; they had a son, Jean du Moulin, seigneur de Fontenay; after she died, he embraced the ecclesiastical state. Canon of the cathedral chapters of Reims, Embrun, Chartres and Alby. Chantre of the chapter of the cathedral of Vienne.

Sacred orders. Received the subdiaconate.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Toulouse, 1422; confirmed, March 10, 1423. Consecrated, 1423, by Guillaume de Champeaux, bishop of Laon, assisted by Raoul de Coucy, bishop of Noyon, and by Pierre Le Nenveu, bishop of Albi. Maître des requêtes and counselor of state. Postulated bishop of Paris by its cathedral chapter, January 19, 1439; confirmed by the pope and named patriarch of Antioch, June 10, 1439 (1); entered the diocese on October 9, 1440. Maître des requêtes of the dauphin. Counselor to King Charles VII of France. Ambassador to Savoy. He supported the schism of Antipope Felix V.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 12, 1440; his title is not known; nothing is mentioned in his epitaph about this promotion because the antipope was not recognized in France; it is believed that he resigned the promotion.

Death. Friday September 15, 1447 (2), Paris. Buried next to the main altar of the cathedral of Notre-Dame of Paris; next to his tomb, there is a plaque of copper with his epitaph (3).

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous les temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 1257-1258; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 942; Clavel, Louis-Auguste. Histoire chrétienne des diocèses de France, de Belgique, de Savoie et des bords du Rhin : Gallia christiana en français.... Poissy : Typographie Arbieu, 1855, 4me. partie, 425-426; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 468; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 10, 89 and 213.

Link. Biography, in French, pp. 425-426.

(1) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 145; his biography in French, linked above, says that he was named patriarch of Antioch by Antipope Felix V.
(2) This is according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p. 145; his biography in French, linked above, says that he died on September 13, 1447.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph taken from Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 1257-1258: Hic jacet recolende memoriae Dionysius de Molendino, dum decessit patriarcha Antiochenus, episcopus Parisiensis, et per antea, archiepiscopus Tolosanus, Foro Meldensi oriundus, resgis Caroli VIIconsiliarius famosissimus, vir magni consilii, atque prudentissimus, probitatis eximiae, et lingua dissertissimus, qui plures fecit fundationes hic, Tolosa ac Meldis; obiit Parisiis, die Veneris 15 Septembris, anno Domini 1447. Anima ejus requiescat in pace. Amen.

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(15) 3. COETQUIS, Philippe de (ca. 1376 -1441)

Birth. Ca. 1376, of the House of Kerneguez, near Morlaix, France. His last name is also listed as Coëtquis, Quoetquitz and Coetquen.

Education. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law at the Faculty of Angers in 1415.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Tournai.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Saint-Pol-de-Léon, October 16, 1419; took possession of the see, March 17, 1422. Consecrated (no information found). French ambassador in Rome ca. 1425. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tours, July 30, 1427; enthroned, March 17, 1436. Ambassador of King Charles VII of France in Rome, in Germany and before the Council of Basel from 1432. The French king, Charles VII, asked him to examine Jeanne d'Arc, future saint, when she went to the court, to find out if she was, or not, waht she said she was: an envoy from God; he interrogated the Maid or Orléans, together with Gérard Machet and others; they arrived to a favorable conclusion respecting her.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 12, 1440; his title is not known. Saint Albert the Great called him "a man of great judgement, very learned and eloquent; and the Italians referred to him as the "rooster of the French prelates".

Death. July 12, 1441, Tours. Buried (no information found).

<STRONG>Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 942-943; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p.302 and 503; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 10; Paris-Jallobert, Paul. "Les cardinaux de Bretagne". Revue de Bretagne et de Vendie, n. ser., II (1887), 33.

Link. Biographical information and his manuscripts, in French.

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(16) 4. TEDESCHI, O.S.B., Niccolò (1386-1445)

Birth. 1386, Catania, Sicily. Of a family of German origin. His last name is also listed as Tudeschi and Tudeschis. He is also listed as Panormitanus, Abbas Siculus and also as Abbas Modernus.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) of the Congregation of Sicily in 1400. Studied in Bologna from 1405/1406 with Antonio de Butrio and, possibly, with Francisco de Zabarella. Obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). He started teaching in Bologna around 1411; then, he taught in Parma from 1411 to 1418; and then in Siena, where he stayed until 1430; he went back to Bologna and taught Decretals for a year, 1431-1432; on May 6, 1432, Florentines invited him to teach Decretals at the Studio Florentino; he accepted the invitation; a few months later, Venice postulated for a teaching position in Padua; the Florentines strongly rejected the attempt to take him to Padua; he stayed in Florence teaching for several years, while he was not in Basel, probably until 1435. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Catania in 1415, while teaching in Parma. At the death of the bishop of Siracusa, the Senate of Catania postulated him to the post, but he was not elected by the pope. He attended the Council of Siena, 1423-1424. Abbot of the Benedictine monastery of S. Maria di Maniace from 1425; it seems that he held the post in absentia and that it was just intended to provide him with an income; he resigned the post when he was promoted to the episcopate. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota in 1425. Pope Martin V the Council in Basel in accordance to the provisions of the decree Haec sancta that had been promulgated at the Council of Constance. After the pope died, the new Pope Eugenius IV dissolved the council on December 18, 1431; the new pope saw the council as an obstacle to the unification of the Eastern and Western churches and as a danger to papal rights; the council rejected pope's authority to dissolve it; the pope sent a delegation to represent him and to negotiate; Fr. Tedeschi was named part of the delegation; he arrived in Basel in March, 1433; he defended the pontiff's position with at the assembly sermons on March 9 and July 13 of that year; the pope's proposals were not well received by the council and Fr. Tedeschi left Basel.

Episcopate. Named archbishop of Palermo by King Alfonso V of Sicily, February 1434; confirmed by the pope, March 9, 1435. Consecrated, July 4, 1435. Attended the Council of Basel as ambassador of King Alfonso V in 1436; his role at the council changed essentially as he did not represent the papal interests any more; when Pope Eugenius IV transferred the council to Ferrara in 1437, and later, in 1439, to Florence, Archbishop Tedeschi remained in Basel; with the support of King Charles VII of France, the council issued a series of documents that stated the council's superiority over the pope; in 1438, the archbishop of Palermo went to the Diet of Frankfurt as the council's representative. The following year, the council deposed the pope and elected an antipope, Felix V.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 12, 1440; his title is not known. Antipope Felix V asked him to compile the decrees of the Councils of Constance and Basel into a canonical collection, but he completed the work. He authored several canonical works, which were edited in four volumes in Venice between 1475 and 1478. He was called Lucerna iuris. He had moderate conciliarist ideas, stronger in his polemical discourses at the council and the Diet of Frankfurt that in his canonical works. After King Alfonso V concluded a treaty with Pope Eugenius IV in 1443 in Terracina, he recalled his delegation, and the pseudocardinal returned to Palermo. Some sources consider him the leading jurist of the 15th century.

Death. February 24, 1445, of the plague, Palermo. He is buried in a Roman paleochristian sarcophagus of Parian marble in the crypt of the metropolitan cathedral of Palermo (1).

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 943-944; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 145; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 10 and 211; Schweizer, Julius. Nicolaus de' Tudeschi, archiepiscopus Panormitanus et S.R.E. cardinalis; seine tätigkeit am Baselr konzil. Strasbourg : Imprimerie alsacienne, 1924.

Links. Biography, in English; biography and works, in English; biography, in English, under "Panormitanus"' biography, in Spanish; and biography, in German.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his sarcophagus, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

Morte tua canon leges et iura quiritum
occubuere iacent hoc tumulata loco
tu Nicoalaus eras Tudisco sanguine natus
Panormi antistes et Cathaniensis eras
Eugenio et Basila discordi pace ruebet nostra fides steterat te duce concilium
nominis et tituli tumulos et laudis adeptus
unde tuum texit rubra thiara capud
obiit M.CCCC.XXXXV.

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(17) 5. MACHET, Gérard (1380-1448)

Birth. 1380, Blois, France. His first name is also listed as Jean.

Education. He was a student of Gerson, an illustrious professor. Studied humanities, philosophy and theology at Collège de Navarre; obtained a doctorate in sacred science (theology) in 1411.

Priesthood. Ordained (no further information found). Rector of the University of Paris in 1405; later, in 1415, its vice-chancellor; when Chancellor Gerson had to attend the Council of Constance, he replaced him as chancellor; he greeted, in the name of the faculty, Emperor Sigismund when he visited the French capital. Confessor of the dauphin, future King Charles VII. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Paris. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Chartres. He took part in Paris of the condemnation of the most celebre apologist of the duke of Bourgogne. Provost of Saint-Martin de Tours. In Poitiers, he presided the commission named by the king to examine the propositions of Jeanne d'Arc, future saint; he shared the opinion of the commission about her divine mission.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Castres, January 23, 1432. Consecrated (No information found). Named by the king administrator of Collège de Navarre; he allowed external students as grant holders.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest in the consistory of November 12, 1440; his title is not known. Transferred by Pope Eugenius IV to the see of Béziers, April 20, 1444; the translation did not take effect.

Death. July 17, 1448, Tours. Buried in the middle of the choir of the basilica of Saint-Martin of Tours.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col.944 ; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. ; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. ; Féret, Pierre. La Faculté de théologie de Paris et ses docteurs les plus célèbres. Moyen âge. Paris : Alphonse Picard et Fils, editeurs, 1897, Tome IV, chapter V, "Autres Navarristes", 298-304.

Link. Biography, in French, pp. 298-304.

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(18) 6. MALESTROIT, Jean de (1375-1443)

Birth. 1375, Châteaugiron, Vannes, France. Of a noble family. His last name is also listed as Châteaugiron and Malestricto.

Education. Licentiate in law.

Early life. Allied of the duke of Bretagne. Archdeacon of Media, diocese of Nantes. Treasurer and receiver general of the duchy of Bretagne.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Saint Brieuc, May 2, 1404. Consecrated (no information found). Chancellor of the duke of Bretagne in 1408. Transferred to the see of Nantes, July 17, 1419; resigned the see at the beginning of 1443. In 1432 he was captured by the duke of Alençon and imprisoned in La Flèche; he was freed after the duke of Bretagne placed under siege the castle of Pouancé; the sige was not lifted until the bishop-chancellor was freed. He led the process of Gilles de Rais in 1440. Politically, he favored the independence of Bretagne.

Cardinalate. Created pseudocardinal priest of the title of S. Onofrio (1) in the consistory of November 12, 1440.

Death. September 14, 1443, Nantes. Buried in the church of Saint-Pierre, Nantes.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 4 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677, II, col. 944-945; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1932, p. 145-146; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen I (1198-1431). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1913; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 146 and 356; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, pp. 10 and 198.

Links. Brief biographical entry, in French; his statue, cathedral of Nantes, France; and another view of his statue.

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, II, 10; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. VII. Les cardinaux de la fin du XVe siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1932, p.145-146, indicates that Pope Leo X established the deaconry of S. Onofrio on July 6, 1517; and that it was elevated to title by Pope Sixtus V on April 13, 1587; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 945, makes the same observation.

Note. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii Aevi, I, 9, n.10, questions this creation of cardinals based on the fact that in a letter of Antipope Felix V, dated February 4, 1441, he mentions nothing about it. Chacón, Vitae et res gestae Pontificum Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalium, II, col. 941, definitively states the date and names of those included in this promotion.

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