The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Julius II (1503-1513)
Consistory of December 18, 1506 (III)
Celebrated in Bologna


(14) 1. LA TRÉMOILLE, Jean-François de (1465/1470-1507)

Birth. 1465/1470, (no place found), France. Second son of Louis I, seigneur de La Tremoille, viscount of Thouars, and Marguerite d'Amboise, duchess of Bretagne. His first name is also listed as Jehan; and his last name as Tremoville and Trimoille. The French sources only mention Jean as the first name of the cardinal (1). Of the same family but from a different branch as Cardinal Joseph-Emmanuel de la Trémoille (1706).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Orlèans. He tried, unsuccessfully, to obtain the see of Agen, which he disputed, from Leonardo Grosso della Rovere in 1487. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Castres, 1488. Abbot commendatario of the Benedictine abbey of Saint-Benoît-sur-Loire from 1488 until his death. Protonotary apostolic.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Auch, November 5, 1490. Consecrated (no information found). Abbot commendatario of Notre-Dame de Granatina, diocese of Lisieux, October 4, 1496. Abbot commendatario of Saint-Laurence de Poitiers, August 29, 1499. Administrator of the see of Poitiers, December 5, 1505; occupied the post until his death.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 18, 1506; died before receiving the red hat and the title.

Death. Before June 19, 1507 (2), of a fièvre continue, Milan. Buried in the collegial church of Notre-Dame, Thouars (3); his heart was deposited in the church of the Franciscans in Milan.

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 1589; Bouchet, Jean. "Le Panegyric du Seigneur Loys de La Trimoille, dit le Chevalier sans Reproche" in J.A.C. Buchon, Choix de chroniques et memoirs sus l'histoire de France. Avec notices biographiques. Paris : A. Desrez, Libraire-éditeur, 1836. Contents: Mémoires sur les règnes de Louis XI et Charles VIII . Mémoire sur l'expédition de Naples. Mémoire sur la maison de Bourgogne. Avec Notices biographiques, chapter XXI, p. 772; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 323-324; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1379; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 100; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 11, 125 and 273.

Link. His epitaph, in French, p. 772.

(1) The Italian sources call him Jean François. It is possible that François is an appellative of nationality (like Britto in reference to Cardinal Guibé because he was from Bretagne) and that it is indicative of his French origin. In ancient French, "oi" was what now is "ai", therefore, François was the equivalent to the current Français.
(2) At the first news of the death of the cardinal, King Louis XII of France wrote to the cathedral chapter of Auch on June 19, 1507, asking that they suspend any nomination until the arrival of Louis de Narbonne, bishop of Vabres; the abbé de Lodève; and sieur de Veruzan, who would inform the chapter of the king's intentions. Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, III, 11, says that he died in June 1507; the same source, III, 273, says that he died in July 1507.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph taken from Bouchet, "Le Panegyric du Seigneur Loys de La Trimoille, dit le Chevalier sans Reproche" in J.A.C. Buchon, Choix de chroniques et memoirs sus l'histoire de France. Avec notices biographiques, XXI, p. 772:

Ci dessoubs gist ung très noble arcevesque
Du pays d'Auch, lequel fut cardinal
Apostolic, et de Poictiers évesque,
Digne d'avoir le baston pastoral.
Ce fust ung prebstre aux pauvres libéral,
Chaste, dévot, riche et droit, sans inesprendre.
Lorsqu'il alloit a Romme grâces rendre
Au père sainct, ce prélat, nomné Johan
De La Trimolle, en fleur d'aage, surprendre,
Le vinst la mort, non obstant son deffendre,
L'an mil cinq cens et sept dedans Milan.

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(15) 2. PRIE, René de (1451-1519)

Birth. 1451, Touraine, archdiocese of Bourges, France. Son of Antoine de Prie, baron of Buzançais, and Madeliene d'Ambois. Cousin of Cardinal Georges I d'Amboise (1498). His first name is also listed as Reginaldo.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. With the favor and protection of his cousin the cardinal, he reached the highest posts in the church. Grand-archdeacon of Bourges. Archdeacon of Blois. Dean of Saint-Hilaire de Poitiers. Protonotary apostolic. Abbot commendatario of Landais, Loroux, Miseray, Notre-Dame de La Prée, Déols, Notre-Dame de Lyre, Micy, Issoudun. Royal almoner. Ceded to his brother Aimar his part of the paternal succession.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Bayeux, August 3, 1498 (1); took possession by procurator, October 31, 1498; and in person, March 25, 1499; celebrated a synod on April 15, 1515; resigned the government of the see, November 24, 1516. Consecrated (no information found). Signed in Nantes the marriage contract of the King of France and Anne de Bretagne on January 8, 1499. Sent to Étaples by King Louis XII of France to subscribe a treaty with King Henry VII of England, that had been concluded on January 15, 1499. He was prior of Layrac, Gascogne, February 20, 1500. Accompanied King Louis XII in the expedition of Genoa and entered with him in Savona. Received the title of baron of Précigny and the abbey of Déols, May 20, 1506.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 18, 1506; published, May 17, 1507; received the title of S. Lucia in Septisolio, May 17, 1507; on August 5, 1507, received the red hat sent by the pope from Cardinal Georges I d'Amboise, legate of the Holy See in France, in the church of the Dominicans in Lyon. Sent to Rome by the king of France in 1509. Opted for the title of S. Vitale, November 7, 1509. After the arrest of Cardinal François-Guillaume Castelnau de Clermont-Ludève on June 29, 1510, he left Rome and joined the prelates supportive of the interests of King Louis XII. Accompanied the French king in the expedition to Milan in October 1510, while the monarch was at war with the pope; the cardinal disobeyed an express prohibition from the pope. Opted for the title of S. Sabina, March 17, 1511. Deposed as a cardinal and excommunicated by Pope Julius II on October 24, 1511 for his promotion and participation in the schismatic Council of Pisa, which was opened on November 1, 1511 (2); Cardinal de Prie, who was at the time residing in Milan, went to Pisa to participate in the council; on January 10, 1512, he wrote to the University of Paris against the work of Cardinal Tommaso Vio, O.P., which attacked the doctrine of Jean Charlier de Gerson. In 1512, he became tutor of his nephews Gabriel and René de Prie. Also in 1512, he was provided with the see of Lectoure; he ceded it to Guillaume de Barton on August 18, 1513 in exchange for the latter abandoning his pretention to the see of Limoges. Ineligible to participate in the conclave of 1513, which elected Pope Leo X. Celebrated the funeral of Anne de Bretagne, queen of France, in the abbey of Saint-Denis on January 20, 1514. After amending his errors, he was pardoned and reinstated by Pope Leo X on April 24, 1514. Prior of the Benedictine monastery of Malpas, diocese of Lisieux, August 21, 1514. Named bishop of Limoges, August 18, 1514; the cathedral chapter had elected him on November 25, 1510; took possession on September 26, 1514; resigned the government of the see, December 5, 1516. Blessed the marriage of King Louis XII of France and Princess Mary of England on September 14, 1514 in the church of the Celestins in Paris.

Death. September 9, 1519, abbey of Notre-Dame de Lyre (3), near Evreux in Normandy. Buried, according to his wishes, in the Cistercian abbey of Notre-Dame de la Prée, Bourges, next to the tomb of Saint Fauste (4).

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 1426; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 324-325; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1379; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 101; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 11, 69. 71, 73, 127 and 222; Fisquet, Honoré. La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), histoire chronologique et biographique des archevêques et évêques de tous les diocèses de France depuis l'établissement du christianisme jusqu'à nos jours, divisée en 17 provinces ecclésiastique. 22 vol. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1873, II, 79-81; Orazi Ausenda, Renata. "Prie, René de." Enciclopedia Cattolica, 12 vols. Città del Vaticano : Ente per l'Enciclopedia cattolica e per il Libro cattolico, 1948-54, X, 1; "Prie, René." La Grande Encyclopédie. Inventaire raisoné des sciences, des letters et des arts. Par une societé de savants et de gens de lettres; sous la direction de MM. Berthelot...Hartwig Derenbourg [etc.]. 31 vols. Paris : Larousse, 1886-1902, XXVII, 646.

Link. Biography, in French, pp. 79-81.

(1) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, II, 101; Fisquet, La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), II, 80, says that according to the Vatican registries, he was elected on August 11, 1498, although the cathedral chapter nominated him regularly on September 17, 1498 by express recommendation of King Louis XII of France, who used to recite the Breviary with the prelate.
(2) Together with him were deposed and excommunicated Cardinals Federico di Sanseverino, Francisco Borja, Bernardino López de Carvajal, and Guillaume Briçonnet. All were pardoned and reinstated by Pope Leo X on April 24, 1514, except Cardinal Borja, who had died in 1511.
(3) This is according to Fisquet, La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), II, 81; Orazi Ausenda, "Prie, René de." Enciclopedia Cattolica, X, 1; and "Prie, René." La Grande Encyclopédie, XXVII, 646; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, III, 11, says that he died in Curia Romana; Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 1426, says that he died in France; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, III, 324, says that died in Béziers; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1379, also says that he died in France.
(4) This is the text of his epitaph in French taken from Fisquet, La France pontificale (Gallia christiana), II, 81: Hélas! mortels, le réverendissime signeur René de Prie, cardinal du titre de Sainte-Sabine, évêque de Bayeux et de Liimoges, en quittant cette vie humaine, a rendu su âme à Dieu très-bon et très-grand, son cadavre a été humblement déposé par ses ordres auprès de sainte Fuaste. Il mourut le 5 des ides de septembre 1516. Ferdinando Ughelli, Cist., in his addition to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1379, transcribed a slightly different text of the epitaph in Latin: HEV. MORTALES. REVERENDISS. D. DE:PRIE. CARD. TT. S. SABINÆ. EPISC. BAIORICENSIS. AC. LEMOVICEN. ABBAS. S. MARIÆ DE PRATEA. AB HVMANIS. DISCEDENS. ANIMAM. DEO. OPTIMO. MAXIMO TRADIDIT. EIVSQ. CADAVER. IVSSIT. HVMILLIME. IVXTA. D. FAVSTAM. RECONDI. OBIIT. V. IDVS. SEPTEMBRIS. MDXVI.

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(16) 3. AMBOISE, Louis II d' (ca. 1479-1511)

Birth. Ca. 1479, (no place found), France. Nephew of Cardinal Georges I d'Amboise (1498). Cousin of Cardinals François Guillaume de Castelanu de Clermont-Ludéve (1503); Georges II d'Amboise (1545). Relative of Cardinal Georges d'Armagnac (1544).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Since 1497, the diocese of Albi had been reserved for him. Archdeacon of Narbonne when he was 18 years old.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Albi, July 1, 1503; resigned the government of the see, September 30, 1510. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 18, 1506 (1); received the red hat and the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro, January 11, 1510. He died during a trip to Rome that he took together with his cousin Cardinal Castelnau de Clermont-Ludéve.

Death. March 3, 1511 (2), in Loreto, while in a pilgrimage to the Santa Casa, together with Cardinal Castelnau de Clermont-Ludéve. Buried in the basilica of Our Lady, Loreto; his heart was deposited in the cathedral of Albi near the tomb of his uncle, Louis I d'Amboise, his predecessor in that see. Thirty six years later, Cardinal Georges d'Armagnac had a magnificent sepulchre built for him with an elegant inscription (3).

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 242; Compayré, Clément. Études historiques et documents inédits sur l'Albigeois, le Castrais et l'ancien diocèse e Lavaur. Albi : impr. de M. Papilhiau, 1841, pp. 89-91 ; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, III, 325; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1389; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen II (1431-1503). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1914; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, p. 84; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 11, 65 and 101.

Link. Biography, in French, pp. 89-91.

(1) While the new cardinal was travelling to Viterbo, where the pope was, a courier arrived bringing news to the pope concerning the income of the benefices possessed by the cardinals in France. The king of France had just published a law establishing that, in the future, the rents were not going to be paid to the cardinals if they were absent, even if they were French. When the pope learned of this disposition, he did not admit Cardinal d'Amboise in consistory or in his presence until the law was revoked.
(2) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1380; Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, III, 56; the same source, III, 11, says that he died ex. Curia Romana in 1517; and on III, 101 this source says that Cardinal Robert Guibé was named administrator of Albi on September 30, 1510 and continued as such until his death in 1513; and Honoré Jean Pierre Fisquet, La France pontificale (Gallia Christiana) (21 vols. Paris : E. Repos, 1864-1874), VI, 510; Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 242, says that he died in 1517; Compayré, Clément. Études historiques et documents inédits sur l'Albigeois, p. 91, says that he died during a trip to Rome in 1510 and adds that in December of that year, Charles Robertet, his successor, was already bishop of Albi; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, III, 325, says that he died in 1517 in Ancona; the text of the epitaph, note 3, says that the new sepulchre of the cardinal was built in 1553, 36 years after his death, which means that he died in 1517.
(3) This is the text of the epitaph transcribed by Ferdinando Ughelli, Cist., in his addition to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1380: LVDOVICO. CARDINALI. AMBOSIANO. GALLO. ALBIENSI. EPISCOPO. PRÆTER. GENERIS. NOBILITATEM. SINGVLARIS. PIETATIS. VIRO. AC. OMNES. OMNIVM. VIRTUTES. COMPLEXO. GEORGIVS. CARDINALIS. ARMENIACVS. AFFINI. ET. PRIMÆ. ÆTATIS. ALVMNO. NEGLECTO. ET. COLLABENTE. IN. TITVLO. IACENTI. VOTI. REVS. HVC. POST. SEXTVM. ET. TRIGESIMVM. AB. EIVS. OBITV. ANNVM. CVM. VENISSET. PRO. TEMPORE. POSVIT. MDLIII. KAL. OCTOBRIS.

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