The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605)
Consistory of September June 5, 1596 (II)


(5) 1. SAVELLI, Silvio (1550-1599)

Birth. July 21, 1550, Ariccia, of a family from Rome. Son of Camillo Savelli, signore di Ariccia, and Isabella Orsini. Of an aristocratic family which included Pope Honorius IV (1285-1287), and Cardinals Bertrando Savelli (1216); Giovanni Batistta Savelli (1480); Giacomo Savelli (1539); Giulio Savelli (1615); Fabrizio Savelli (1647); and Paolo Savelli (1664).

Education. Obtained a doctorate in law.

Early life. Cubiculario apostolic. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, October 18, 1578.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Rossano, January 26, 1582. Consecrated, Sunday January 28, 1582, Paoline Chapel, Apostolic Palace, Rome, by Giovanni Antonio Fachinetti, tiular Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, assisted by Giovanni Fieschi, former bishop of Savona, and by Alessandro Musotti, bishop of Imola. Nuncio in Naples, February 9, 1582 until October 15, 1585. Resigned the government of the archdiocese, retaining the denomination, before July 17, 1589. Vice-legate in Avignon, August 25, 1592 until February 1594. Promoted to the titular patriarchate of Constantinople, March 28, 1594.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Maria in Via, June 21, 1596. Legate in Perugia and Umbria, November 10, 1597 until his death.

Death. January 22 (1), 1599, of un'improvviso malore, Ariccia. Transferred to Rome, was buried in the church of S. Maria in Aracoeli, in the tomb of his ancestors.

Bibliography. Biaudet, Henry. Les nonciatures apostoliques permanentes jusqu'en 1648. Helsinki ; Suomalainen tiedeakatemia, 1910, p. 285; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 16; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1879; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 286; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4 and 46; Nuntiature di Napoli. Edited by Pasquale Villani, Danilo Veneruso and Margherita Bettoni. Rome : Istituto storico italiano per l'età moderna e contemporanea, 1962; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809.. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 132, 330, 900.

Webgraphy. The Savelli family by Norbert M. Borengässer, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon; and his portrait and prosopography, in German Requiem Datenbank.

(1) This is according to Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 4; Biaudet, Les nonciatures apostoliques permanentes jusqu'en 1648, p. 285, indicates that he died on January 21, 1599.

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(6) 2. PRIULI, Lorenzo (1537-1600)

Birth. 1537, Venice. Of a senatorial family. Third of the five children of Giovanni Priuli and Laura Donato. The other siblings were Luigi (a procurator), Zaccaria and two daughters. His last name is also listed as Prioli; as Priolus; and as Priulus. Other cardinals of the family were Matteo Priuli (1616); Pietro Priuli (1706); Luigi Priuli (1712); Antonio Marino Priuli (1758).

Education. ... dalla sollecita cura dei quali educato resesi eminente erudito nelle sacre ed umane lettere, aggiungendo alla splendore del sangue il corredo delle virtù, fra le quali primeggiavano la destrezza e la prudenza nel maneggio dei pubblici affari (1). Aveva non meno delle divine, che delle umane lettere prefetta cognizione (2).

Early life. In 1562, he was elected Savi agli Ordini of the Republic of Venice (a powerless deliberative body for training of junior staff of the aristocracy in government); he later entered the Collegio dei Savi. Special ambassador of Venice to the wedding of Francesco, son of Grand Duke Cosimo of Tuscany, and Johanna, daughter of Emperor Ferdinand I, in 1566. Ambassador to Spain, November 27, 1572. Ambassador to France fom 1579 until 1582. Ambassador to the Holy See, June 11, 1583 (3) to 1586. Counselor to the sestiere of S. Croce, 1686. Provider of the Zecca, 1587. Solved the dispute for the construction of the bridge of Rialto, 1588. Podestà of Brescia, 1590. On August 4, 1590, was elected to the patriarchate of Venice by the Venetian Senate by 122 votes in favor and 79 against, from a group of six candidates, two laymen and six clerics. He was one of the laymen.

Sacred orders. Ordained in September 1590 (no further information found).

Episcopate. Elected patriarch of Venice, with indult for having received the sacred orders four months before and for not having a doctorate, January 7, 1591. Consecrated (no information found). In 1591, he placed the first stone of the church of S. Nicola di Tolentino with great solemnity. By example and legislation, he refomed the clergy and provided to its education. With a brief dated April 25, 1592, Pope Clement VIII exhorted Patriarch Priuli to visit all the churches of the regulars, even those that were not under his jurisdiction, correcting whatever he thought opportune and fomenting the practice of the regular discipline and works. He celebrated a metropolitan synod from September 9 to 11, 1592 at which the reform of the clergy; and decrees regarding the use of images in church paintings, according to the directives of the Council of Trent, were issued. He celebrated another synod from November 15 to 17, 1594; some of the synodal decrees referred to the seminary and the support of its clerics. He restored the patriarchal cathedral in 1594 (4). He assigned Francesco Smeraldi the construction of the façade of the basilica of S. Pietro in the Castello district, co-cathedral of the city together with the basilica of S. Marco.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; on the following June 30, Ascanio Colonna, privy chamberlain of His Holiness, brought the red biretta to the new cardinal in Venice; Pietro Colombo pronounced a congratulatory oration on that occasion; and Arcangelo Rizzi composed several poems. Received the red hat on October 29, 1596; and the title of S. Maria in Traspontina, December 2, 1596.

Death. January 26, 1600, Venice (5). His funeral was celebrated with great pomp and the participation of all the orders of citizens. Buried in the patriarchal cathedral of Venice, next to the altar of S. Giovanni Evangelista; by testamentary disposition, his nephew, Marco Priuli, erected, laterally to the altar, a funeral eulogy (6). When his body was exhumed in 1624, it was incorrupt.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 16-17; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1879; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 329; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4, 45 and 326; Niero, Antonio. I patriarchi di Venezia. Da Lorenzo Giustiniani ai nostri giorni. Venice : Studium Cattolico Veneziano, 1961. (Collana Storica, 3), pp. 99-106; Orsoni, Alessandro. Cronologia storica dei vescovi Olivolensi detti dapoi Castellani e sucessivi patriarchi di Venezia. Corredata di annotazioni illustranti l'ecclesiastico-civile veneta storia. Venezia : Tip. G.S. Felice, 1828, p. 367-376; Priuli, Lorenzo. Synodus Veneta : ab illustriss. & reuerendiss. Venetijs, ex typographia Pinelliana, 1668; Ughelli, Ferdinando. Italia sacra. 10 v. Sala Bolognese : A. Forni, 1973-1987. Note: Reprint. Originally published: Italia sacra, sive, De episcopis Italiae. Venetiis : Apud Sebastianum Coleti, 1717-1722, 5, col. 1322-1323; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), II, 783.

Webgraphy. Relazioni di ambasciatori veneti, under "Roma"; Iacopo Bassano in Perspective, thesis, University of Verona, Italy; his arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait by Lorenzo Ceregato, patriarchate of Venice.

(1) Orsoni, Cronologia storica dei vescovi Olivolensi detti dapoi Castellani e sucessivi patriarchi di Venezia, p. 367-368: "by the prompt attention (of his parents) he became an eminent scholar who was taught in the sacred and humane letters, adding to the splendor of the blood, numerous virtues, among which he excelled in the skill and prudence of the management of public affairs".
(2) Cardella, Memoire storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 17: "He possessed perfect knowledge of the divine no less than the human letters."
(3) This is according to the site of the Venetian ambassadors linked above. Niero, I patriarchi di Venezia. Da Lorenzo Giustiniani ai nostri giorni, p. 100, indicates that he was named in 1584.
(4) This is the text of the inscription on a plaque placed in the cathedral, taken from Ughelli, Italia sacra. 5, col. 1323:

Domus Dei ædificata super firmam petram in
longitudine dierum anno sal. MDLXXXXVI
Clemente VIII. Pont. Max.
Laurentii S.R.E. Cardinalis Priuli Patriarchæ Venetiarum
pium monumentum anno sui Patriarchatus sexto
Marino Grimano duce Venetiarum.

(5) This is according to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, III, 329. Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 4 and 45, says that he died on January 2, 1600; the same source, on p. 362, says that he died on January 26, 1600. Niero, I patriarchi di Venezia. Da Lorenzo Giustiniani ai nostri giorni, p. 105, says that he died on January 2, 1600. Orsoni, Cronologia storica dei vescovi Olivolensi detti dapoi Castellani e sucessivi patriarchi di Venezia, p. 375, says that he died on January 26, 1600, indicating that Angelo Maria Querini, O.S.B.Cas., Tiara et purpura Veneta : ab anno MCCCLXXIX ad annum MDCCLIX. serenissimae Reipublicae Venetae, a civitate Brixiae dicata (Brixiae : Excudebat Joannes-Maria Rizzardi, 1761), p. 251, is mistaken when he says that he died on January 2, 1600. Ughelli, Italia sacra. 5, col. 1323, says that he died on January 26, 1600.
(6) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, taken from Ughelli, Italia sacra. 5, col. 1323:

Laurentii S.R.E.Card. Priuli Patriarche Veneti
pium monumentum anno fui Patr. VI
Marino Grimano Duce Venetiarum

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(7) 3. TARUGI, Orat., Francesco Maria (1525-1608)

Birth. August 27, 1525 (1), Montepulciano, archdiocese of Siena. Of a noble family. Youngest of the three children of Tarugio Tarugio, vice-legate of Bologna and Roman senator, and Giulia Pucci, cousin of Pope Julius III. The other siblings were Accursio (governor of Pietrasanta) and Stefano (captain of a company of lancers of the guard of Pope Paul V). Relative of Pope Marcellus II. His last name is also listed as Tarusius.

Education. Studied letters and law and had a strong inclination toward poetry and oratory (2).

Early life. Entered the service of Duke Ranuccio Farnese of Parma. Went to Rome in 1555 and fortuitously met Filippo Neri, founder of the Oratory, and was conquered by his holiness. Chamberlain of Pope Julius III. In 1565, he entered, as a layman, the Oratory. He was considered the right arm of the founder. Pope Pius V ordered him to become a priest and named him papal master of chamber.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1571. Named by Pope Pius V assistant to Cardinal nipote Michele Bonelli, O.P. In 1586, he went to Naples to found an Oratory; the clergy and the people of the city wanted him as their archbishop; remained there until 1592.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Avignon, December 9, 1592. Consecrated, December 21, 1592, church of S. Maria Vallicella, Rome, by Cardinal Alessandro de' Medici, archbishop of Florence (no information found on the co-consecrators). In the same ceremony was consecrated Lucio Sanseverino, archbishop of Rossano and future cardinal.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on October 29, 1596; and the title of S. Bartolomeo all'Isola, December 2, 1596. First Oratorian cardinal. Prefect of the Congregation for the reform of the churches of Rome. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Siena, September 15, 1597. Opted for the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, June 17, 1602. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Resigned the government of the archdiocese before January 24, 1607. His request to resign the cardinalate was denied by the pope.

Death. June 11, 1608, Rome. Buried under the presbytery, to the left of the main altar, of the church S. Maria in Vallicella, Chiesa Nuova, Rome, together with Cardinal Cesare Baronio, Orat. (3).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 17-20; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1879-1881; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 499-500; Cistellino, A. "Tarugi, Francesco Maria." Enciclopedia Cattolica, XI, col. 779; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4, 40, 45, 105 and 312; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), II, 929.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Procura Generale della Confederazione dell'Oratorio di San Filippo Neri; his tomb in S. Maria in Vallicella, Rome, together with Cardinal Cesare Baronio, Orat., Requiem Datenbank; portraits and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait, Venetian area, 17th century, diocese of Padua, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb).

(1) This is according to Chapeau, Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973, p. 499-500. His biography in Italian, linked above, says that he was born on August 25, 1525. His epitaph, linked above, indicates that he lived 82 years, 9 months and 14 days; he died on June 11, 1608, therefore, subtracting the time he lived according to his epitaph from the date of his death, he was born on August 27, 1525, which is the date indicated by Chapeau.
(2) He excelled in oratory and his confrere Cardinal Cesare Baronio, Orat., used to call him "dux verbi", the prince of the word, among the disciples of Filippo Neri.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed from Requiem Datenbank, linked above:

D.     O.      M.
FRANCISCO MARIAE TAVRVSIO · POLITANO ·
ET
CÆSARI · BARONIO · SORANO
EX · CONGREGATIONE · ORATORII
S · R · E · PRESBYTERIS · CARDD
NE · CORPORA · DISIVNGERENTVR · IN · MORTE
QVORVM · ANIMI
DIVINIS · VIRTVTIBVS · INSIGNES
IN · VITA · CONIVNCTISSIMI · FVERANT
EADEM · CONGREGATIO
VNVM · VTRIQVE · MONVMENTVM
POSVIT
TAVRVSIVS · VIXIT · ANN · LXXXII
MENS · IX · DIES · XIV
OBIIT · III · IDVS · IVNII
MDCVIII
BARONIVS · VIXIT · ANNOS · LXVIII
MENSES · VIII
OBIIT · PRIDIE · KALEND · IVLII
MDCVII

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(8) 4. BANDINI, Ottavio (1558-1629)

Birth. October 25, 1558, Florence. Fourth of the twelve children of Senator Pier Antonio Bandini and Cassandra de' Cavalcanti. The other siblings were Francesco (cleric of the Apostolic Chamber), Orazio (brother in law of Cardinal Benedetto Giustiniani), Mario, Giulio (knight of Malta), Giovanni (senator and ambassador), Lucrezia, Lauretta, Diana (wife of Senator Lorenzo Strozzi), Virginia, Ginevra (wife of Senator Piero Dini) and Chiara.

Education. Studied theology, Greek and literature in Florence; in Paris, for three years; and in Salamanca; also studied at the University of Pisa, where he earned a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law.

Early life. Went to Rome during the pontificate of Pope Gregory XIII. Because of his eloquence, was very successful in Rome, pronouncing in 1574 in the church of S. Lorenzo the funeral oration in honor of Cosimo I, grand duke of Tuscany. Named protonotary apostolic supernumerarius participantiumand later, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. Vice-governor of Fermo, February 17, 1586. Governor of the Marche, July 25, 1588. Governor of Città Leonina during the two sedi vacanti of 1590. The Sacred College of Cardinals named him prefect of the two conclaves of 1590. Pope Gregory XIV intended to name him his datary but the Count of Olivares, Spanish ambassador before the Holy See, opposed the appointment. Vice-legate in Bologna from February 24, 1593 until May 19, 1595.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Fermo, June 19, 1595. Consecrated, June 25, 1596, church of S. Silvestro al Quirinale, by Cardinal Alessandro de' Medici, assisted by Ludovico de Torres, archbishop of Monreale, and by Giovanni Francesco de San Gregorio, bishop of Acqui. He was granted the pallium on July 5, 1595.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S Sabina on June 21, 1596. Legate in Romagna from June 14, 1597 until February 1598. Legate in the Marche from February 1, 1598 until February 1604. Governor of Ascoli and Montalto on February 25, 1598. Legate a latere, together with Cardinal Giovanni Francesco Biandrate di San Giorgio, to receive and welcome to Ferrara Margarete von Österreich, for her wedding to King Felipe III of Spain, 1598. In January 1605, he was part of a commission of cardinals for the relations with King James I of England; the hope of the monarch's return to the obedience of Rome never materialized. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Resigned the government of the archdiocese of Fermo before April 10, 1606 (1). In 1606, he declined the nomination to the archdiocese of Florence in favor of his nephew Paolo Strozzi. In 1611, he entered into friendly relations with Grand Duke Ferdinand of Austria, the future Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I, and became the patron of his envoy in Rome, the German humanist Caspar Schoppe. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals from January 9, 1612 until January 7, 1613. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina (2), September 16, 1615. Cardinal protoprete from 1618 to 1621. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. After the election of the new pope, Cardinal Bandini, along with his friend Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi, the pope's nephew, became a counselor of the pope, recommending among other things the founding of the Sacred Congregation of Propaganda Fide (which took place on June 22, 1622), of which he was made a member. He was also a member of the Sacred Congregation of the Holy Office. Cardinal Bandini became interested in the new negotiations with England, open during the engagement, doomed to fail, of the son of King James I, Charles, prince of Wales, future King Charles I, to the Infanta of Spain, and, after complex negotiations, the cardinal obtained from a special commission an opinion in favor of dispensation of marriage in return for certain concessions which it was hoped would be made concerning the freedom of Catholicism in England. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Palestrina on March 27, 1621. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina on September 16, 1624. Vice-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Ostia e Velletri, proper of the dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, on September 7, 1626. From January 1627 to July 28, 1628, Cardinal Bandini participated, on behalf of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, in the negotiations with the patriarch of Constantinople, Cyril Lucaris for an attempt at rapprochement with the Eastern Church. The negotiations were not too skilled and largely based on incorrect information about the patriarch, who appeared at the end to have Calvinist sympathies.

Death. August 1, 1629 (3), at 8 a.m., Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Agostino, Rome, where the funeral took place in the presence of the pope and the Sacred College of Cardinals; and buried on the left side of the chapel dell'Assunta (Cappella Bandini), in the church of S. Silvestro nel Quirinale, Rome. In his tomb, there was a marble bust and an inscription in Latin that he composed (4).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 20-23; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1881-1882; 153; Del Re, Niccolò. "Il governatore di Borgo". Studi Romani : rivista bimestrale dell'Istituto di Studi Romani, II (1963), p. 24; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4, 37, 38, 43, 49 and 188; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, IV, 90-92; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), III, 53; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 122, 152, 163, 242, 287, 366, 472-473.

Webgraphy. Biography by Alberto Merola, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 5 (1963), Treccani; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his prosopography, in German, Requiem Datenbank; his tomb in the church of S. Silvestro nel Quirinale, Rome, Requiem Datenbank; engravings and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his effigy on a medal, Ex Michael Hall Collection, Classical Numismatic Group, Inc. (CNG); his effigy on a medal, iCollector Technologies Inc.

(1) He was succeeded consecutively by his three nephews Alessandro Strozzi (1606-1621), Pietro Dini (1621-1625), and Giovanni Battista Rinuccini (1625-1654).
(2) Although customarily the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina was occupied by the most senior cardinal priest (protoprete), the post was occupied by Cardinal Francesco Sforza, of the title of S. Matteo in Merulana, protoprete from 1617 to 1618.
(3) This is according to all the sources consulted, but his most recent epitaph, linked below from Requiem Datenbank, says that he died on July 31, 1629.
(4)This is the text of the inscription transcribed by Ferdinando Ughelli in Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1881: OCTAVIVS. EPISCOPVS. OSTIENSIS. S. R. E. CARD. BANDINVS. QVINQVAGINTA. ANNORVM. CVRRICVLO. ASSIDVIS. PRO. SEDE. APOSTOLICA. FVNCTVS. MVNERIBVS. AC. LEGATIONIBVS. PROXIMAM. EXCOGITANS. MORTEM. ANNO. ÆTATIS. LXXI. SEPVLCHRVM. SIBI. FECIT. MENSE. IVNIO. MDCXXIX. VIXIT .... OBIIT ....
     This is the text of a more recent inscription on his tomb, taken from Requiem Datenbank, linked above:

XP
OCTAVIVS · EPISC · OSTIENSIS
S · R · E · CARD · BANDINVS
S · COLLEGII · DECANVS
QVINQVAGINTA · ANNORUM · CVRRICVLO
ASSIDVIS · PRO · SEDE · APOSTOLICA
FVNCTVS · MVNERIBVS
AC · LEGATIONIBVS
PROXIMAM · EXCOGITANS · MORTEM
ANNO · AETATIS · LXXI
CARDINALTVS · XXXIIII
SEPVULCHRVM · SIBI · FECIT
MENSE · IVNIO · MDCXXVIIII
VIXIT · ANN · LXX · MENS · IX · D · V
OBIIT · DIE · XXXI · IVLII
MDCXXIX

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(9) 5. CORNARO, iuniore, Francesco (1547-1598)

Birth. 1547, Venice. From the S. Polo line of his family's Cornaro della Regina branch. Son of Marc'Antonio Cornaro and Cecilia Contarini. Brother of Giovanni Cornaro, doge of Venice. Nephew of Cardinals Federico Cornaro, seniore, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1585), and Luigi Cornaro (1551). Uncle of Cardinal Federico Cornaro, iuniore (1626). Other cardinals of the family were Marco Cornaro (1500); Francesco Cornaro, seniore (1527); Andrea Cornaro (1544); and Giorgio Cornaro (1697). Cardinal Giovanni Cornaro (1778) belonged to the San Maurizio branch of the family.

Education. Studied at the University of Padua (law, 1571).

Early life. Abbot commendatario of S. Bona di Vidor, Trevignano, diocese of Ceneda. His uncle Giorgio Cornaro, bishop of Treviso, resigned the diocese in his favor.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Treviso, November 29, 1577. Consecrated (no information found). Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, 1586. Resigned the government of the diocese before November 13, 1595. Governor of Civitavecchia, January 4, 1596.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Martino ai Monti, June 21, 1596.

Death. April 23, 1598, Rome. Buried in the chapel del Crocifisso in the church of S. Silvestro nel Quirinale, Rome (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 23; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols.1882-1883 ; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 309; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4 and 47; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 216, 596..

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; his engraving in color, arms and biographical data, in Italian, Araldica Vaticana; his prosopography, in German; Serie cronologica dei Vescovi di Treviso, in Italian; and another catalog of the bishops of Treviso, images 279-280, in German, Johann Heinrich Zedler Grosses vollständiges Universallexicon aller Wissenchafften und Künste; his bust, attributed to Giuseppe Torretto, Venetian workshop, patriarchate of Venice, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb).

(1) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed by Andrea Vittorelli in Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1881: D. O. M. FRANCISCO. CORNELIO. PRESBYT. CARD. A. CLEMENTE. VIII. PONT. MAX. AD. PVRPVRÆ. DIGNITATEM. PROMOTO. IN. MEDITATIONE. FERRARIENSIS. ITINERIS. IMPORTVNE. PRÆREPTO. FEDERICVS. S. R. E. CARDINALIS. ET MARCVS. ANTONIVS. ABBAS. S. MARCI. PRIMICERIVS. IOANNIS. PRINCIPIS. VENETIARVM. FILII. OPTIMO. PATRVO. POSS. OBIIT. VIII. KAL. MAIAS. ÆTATIS. ANNO. LI. SALVT. MDXCVIII.

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(10) 6. ESCARS DE GIVRY, O.S.B., Anne d' (1546-1612)

Birth. March 29, 1546, Paris, France. He is also known as Cardinal de Givry, name that he took after his promotion. Son of Jacques de Pérusse, signeur d'Escars, and his second wife, Françoise de Longwy, dame de Givry. His last name is also listed as Giury. Relative of Cardinal Claude de Longwy de Givry (1533).

Education. After finishing his studies in Paris, he entered the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the abbey of Saint-Bénigne, Dijon.

Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Abbot of the abbeys of Dijon, Barbery, Montesmes, Poultières, and Champagne, diocese of Le Mans. During a visit to Rome, Pope Pius V had the opportunity of getting to know and appreciate him. Became a member of the party de la Ligue, which later became the Sainte-Union.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Lisieux, October 1, 1584. Consecrated, May 1, 1585 (no further information found). He and his diocese were greatly affected during the Wars of Religion; he had to spend a few years in Rome.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat and the title of S. Susanna, June 14, 1604. The elevation to the cardinalate of a prelate of the Ligue did not please King Henri IV but he highly appreciated the merits of the new cardinal and honored him and demonstrated his esteem with several testimonies of friendship. Resigned the government of the diocese of Lisieux before March 17, 1599; retained its denomination. Coadjutor, with right of succession, of Langres, March 3, 1603; the see was occupied by his older brother Charles d'Escars de Pérusse. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Elected bishop of Metz by the canons of the cathedral chapter; the pope confirmed the election and transferred him to that see on September 10, 1608.

Death. April 19, 1612, in the castle of Vic-sur-Seille, Moselle, diocese of Metz. Buried in the cathedral of Metz (1).

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous les temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre .... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 871-875; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 23-27; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 287-288; Châtellier, Louis. "Givry, Anne de Perusse d'Escars de," Die Bischöfe des Heiligen Römischen Reiches, 1448 bis 1648 : ein biographisches Lexikon, pp. 229-230; "Escars (Anne d')," Dictionnaire des cardinaux, cols. 871-875; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1883-1884; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 224; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 4 and 50; Marcel, Louis-Alexis-Emmanuel. Le cardinal de Givry, évêque de Langres (1529-1561). 2 v. Dijon : Impr. de M. Darantière,1926. Contents: v. 1. La Réforme; v. 2. La Renaissance.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed from Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 875:

D. O. M.
Piis manibus aeternae mem. plorabili busto Antist-
titis desiderantissimi omni aevo retro dolendi.
Annae Descars tit. S. Susannae S. R. E. presbyteri
cardinalis de Givry nuncupati, qui paterna sobole,
clara famila Descars : materna prosapia primae
Longevicorum nobilitatis, egregia principum Au-
relianensium consanguinitate, infelicissimo sae-
culo feliciter Ecclesiae datus, Parisis editus,
Divione in antiquissimo D. Benigni caenobio S.
Benedicti disciplina institutus, professusque in-
quidem abbas ; tum Lexoviorum antistes illustris,
Metiis amabilis, ubique stupenda lenitate, spec-
tabili senio, rara pietate, innate gravitate mi-
rabilis, ac venerandus, regi percarus, Pontifici
Max. jucundissimus, omnibus aeternum lamen-
tabilis, Ecclesiae Metensis pontificatus, simul et
castissima vita perfunctus, vita immortali
gloria de properatam oppetiit XIII Kal. Maias,
anno aetat. LXVII, saeculi vero Christianissimi
MDC. XII.

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(11) 7. BIANDRATE DI SAN GIORGIO ALDOBRANDINI, Gian Francesco (1545-1605)

Birth. April 7, 1545 (1), Casale di Monferrato. Son of Gian Guglielmo, of the counts of S. Giorgio and Biandrate, and Violante Roero. The most important branch of the House of Biandrate was that of the counts of San Giorgio. His last name is also listed as Blandrate. Aggregated with all his relatives to the Aldobrandini family with the privilege to assume their last name and arms, 1596. Relative of Cardinal Giovanni Antonio Sangiorgio (1493).

Education. Studied law.

Early life. Papal prelate in the pontificate of Pope Pius V (1566-1572). Accompanied Cardinal nipote Michele Bonelli, O.P., in his legation to the European princes for the league against the Turks. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, 1571. Governor of Norcia e Montagna, June 10, 1572 until January 1574. Governor of Camerino, January 9, 1574 until December 1575. President of Romagna, February 1, 1576. Governor of Bologna, January 16, 1578 until June 1579. Protonotary apostolic supernumerarius, ca. 1578. Governor of Marche, January 2, 1580. Governor of Perugia, December 10, 1580 until November 1581. Governor of Rome, April 27, 1583 until August 12, 1585.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Acqui, with dispensation for not having yet received the sacred orders, August 12, 1585. Consecrated, Sunday, November 3, 1585, Sistine Chapel, by Cardinal Gianantonio Serbelloni, assisted by Gasparo Cenci, bishop of Melfi, and by Filippo Sega, bishop of Piacenza. In the same ceremony was also consecrated Giambattista Castrucci, archbishop of Chieti. Abbot commendatario of Ripalta, 1585. Governor of Marche, February 5, 1592 until January 1593. President of Romagna, January 26, 1593.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Clemente, June 21, 1596. Legate in Marche, governor in Ascoli and Montalto, April 14, 1597. Resigned the government of the diocese before November 25, 1598. Legate in Romagna November 25, 1598. Legate a latere, together with Cardinal Ottavio Bandini, to receive and welcome (to Ferrara) Margarete von Österreich, for her wedding to King Felipe III of Spain, 1598. Co-legate in Ferrara, 1598. Abbot commendatario of Caramagna, 1601. Transferred to the see of Faenza, April 16, 1603. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V.

Death. July 16, 1605 (2), Lucca, while recovering from his illnesses. Buried, acording to his will, in the cathedral of Faenza (3).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 27-29; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1884-1885; Combaluzier, Fernand. "Sacres épiscopaux à Rome de 1565 à 1662. Analyse intégrale du Ms. «Miscellanea XIII, 33» des Archives Vaticanes." Sacris Eruduri, XVIII (1967-1968), p. 142; Del Re, Niccolò. Monsignor governatore di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romani Editore, 1972, p. 92; Eubel, Conradus and Gulik, Guglielmus van. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, III, 113; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 41, 185; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 122, 171, 249, 286, 287, 296, 312, 329, 360, 364, 366, 498.

Webgraphy. His prosopography, in German; and biographical data, in Italian, Carlo Malagoli, Il "De Principatu" e gli altri scritti. Machiavelismo e metodo nel pensiero politico di L. Ducci, doctoral dissertation, University of Passau, Germany, pp. 11-13.

(1) The date is deducted from the information in his epitaph.
(2) This is according to Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 5; according to the text of his epitaph (in note 3), if he died 13 days before the kalenda of August (or first day of that month), the date should be July 19, 1605. This is also the date given by Zedler, Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschafften und Künste, zwischen 19 und 20, who cites Ughelli's Italia sacra as its source.
(3) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb: SEPVLCHRUM. EPISCOPORVM. FAVENTINORVM. SIBI. ET. SVCCESSORIBVS. SVIS. ERECTVM. DE. MANDATO. IOANNIS. FRANCISCI. EX. COMITIBVS. BLANDRATÆ. ET. S. GEROGII. S. R. E. CARDINALIS. S. CLEMENTIS. CVIVS. CORPVS. HIC. IACET. OBIIT. XIV. KAL. AVGVSTI. MDCV. VIXIT. ANNOS. LX. MENSES. III. DIES. XIV. And this is the text of his eulogy inscribed on a slab of black marble with his effigy, placed in the area of the main altar of the cathedral, taken from Malagoli, Il "De Principatu", p. 12, who cites it from Ughellis' Italia sacra: D. O. M. Jo. Francisco ex comitibus Blandrata, et S. Georgii post per agratas cum cardinali Alexandrino legato insigniores christiani nominis regiones, quamjplurimus ecclesiasticae ditionis urbibus Nursia, Camerino, Bononia, provincijsque semel Umbria, bis Flaminia, bis Piceno, ipsa deinque Roma egregie administratis, Asculanis, et Spoletinis seditionibus composit is, exculibus exterminatis, in pontificum arduarum rerum consilium ter adscito, aquensi primo, mox faventino episcopo renunciato, a Clemente denique VIII in delectu gravissimorum virorum ad cardinalatum apicem titolo S. Clementis evecto, Piceni et Flaminia legationibus summa cum laude functo, collagatoque Ferrariae consituto, ibique sui nominis aeternan gloriam consecuto, viro in rebus omnibus, vel acriter consulens vel mature deliberans fortiter per agens ingenio, providens firmitudine animi incomparabili, cuiusque quod reliquum erat, virtus adfuit, vita defuit. Guido ex fratre nepos pusillum mortalitatis illum vestigium tanto patruo ex eius instituto alias conditum, ut cujus modestia satisfecit, merito quoque satisfaceret. Amplissimum hoc immortalitatis illus gloriae, pietatisque propriae monum. P.C. Anno salutis M. DC. V. Obiit anno salutis M. DC. V XIII Kal. Augusti. Vixit annos LX mensis III dies XIV.

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(12) 8. BORGHESE, Camillo (1552-1621)

Birth. September 17, 1552 (1), Rome. Son of Marc'Antonio Borghese, dean of the consistorial lawyers, and his second wife, Flaminia Astalli. Descended from a noble family from Siena. Uncle of Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese (1605). Relative of Cardinal Gaspare Mattei (1643). Related to Cardinals Prospero Caffarelli (1654); and Francesco Carafa della Spina (1773), on his mother's side.

Education. Studied at the University of Perugia (law); and at the University of Padua (law).

Early life. Returned to Rome and became consistorial lawyer, 1569. Referendary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Justice, September 1572; later of the Tribunals of the Apostolic of Grace; after the reform of both tribunals by Pope Sixtus V, June 1, 1586. Abbreviatore di parco maggiore, 1573. Vicar of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, March 1576. Member of the Apostolic Penitentiary, September 3, 1581. Vice-legate in Bologna, September 20, 1588 until 1591. Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber, 1590. Legate extraordinary before King Felipe II of Spain, 1595.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Eusebio, June 21, 1596.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Jesi, April 14, 1597. Consecrated, May 27, 1597, in the Sistine chapel, Rome, by Pope Clement VIII, assisted by Cardinal Silvio Savelli, by Cardinal Cinzio Aldobrandini, and by Cardinal Bartolomeo Cesi; the last two co-consecrators were cardinal deacons and had not been consecrated bishops. Opted for the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, March 10, 1599. Resigned the government of the diocese before August 2, 1599. Opted for the title of S. Crisogono, April 22, 1602. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, 1602-1605. Vicar general of Rome and head of the Roman Inquisition, June 1603 until 1605. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope, May 16, 1605. Took the name Paul V. Crowned, May 29, 1605, steps of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Francesco Sforza di Santa Fiora, protodeacon of S. Maria in Via Lata. He created sixty cardinals in ten consistories.

Death. January 28, 1621, of a stroke, Quirinal Palace, Rome. Buried in the Borghese chapel, patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 29-30; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1885; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 9, 41, 42, 43 and 71; Katterbach, Bruno. Referendarii utriusque Signaturae a Martino V ad Clementem IX et Praelati Signaturae Supplicationum a Martino V ad Leonem XIII. Città del Vaticano 1931. (Studi e Testi 55), pp. 158-159; Reinhardt, Volker. "Paolo V." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, III, 277-292; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 152 and 516.

Webgraphy. Biography by James Loughlin, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography by Volker Reinhardt, in Italian, Enciclopedia dei Papi (2000), Treccani; his episcopal lineage by Charles N. Bransom, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; his monument in S. Maria Maggiore, RomeArtServe, The Australian National University; his genealogy, en A3 C2 D1, Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Mediterranea; his portrait, attributed to Michelangelo Merisi da Caravaggio, phespirit.info; and his engraving by Matthäus Merian, Antiquariat Hille, Berlin.

(1) This is according to Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 9; and his genealogy linked above; his biography, also linked above, indicates that he was born on September 17, 1550.

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(13) 9. BARONIO, Orat., Cesare (1538-1607)

Birth. August 30, 1538 (1), Sora. The only son of Camillo Baronio and Porzia Febonia. Of the rich Neapolitan family de' Barono. The name was Latinized to Baronius and later Italianized to Baronio.

Education. Studied in Veroli and later, started his law studies in Naples, October 1556; because of the war, he moved to Rome and became a student of Cesare Costa, renowned professor of canon and civil law; obtained a doctorate in law in Rome.

Early life. In 1557 he met Filippo Neri, founder of the Oratory; shortly after, entered the congregation and resided in the church of San Girolamo della Carità under the spiritual direction of Filippo. Received the subdiaconate, December 21, 1560; diaconate, May 20, 1561.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 27, 1564. In order to be able to stay near Filippo, he resigned a captainship in Parma and an abbey in Sora. Pastoral work in the Oratorian church of S. Giovanni de' Fiorentini, Rome, until 1575. When the oratory received canonical approval, July 15, 1575, he took up residence in the church of S. Maria in Vallicella. Pope Gregory XIII entrusted him with the revision of the Roman Martyrology; the first edition with his corrections and annotations was published in 1586 and the final edition in 1589 under the title Martyrologium Romanum, cum Notationibus Caesaris Baronii. Superior general of his congregation in 1593, succeeding the aged and infirm Filippo Neri. Confessor of Pope Clement VIII, 1594. Protonotary apostolic, November 21, 1595. Author of the monumental work in 12 volumes Annales ecclesiastici, the history of the church from its origins until 1198; its first volume was published in the Spring of 1588 and the last one in 1607, soon after his death.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of .Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, June 21, 1596. Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, May 1597 until his death. Accompanied Pope Clement VIII in his visit to Ferrara, April-May 1598. Abbot commendatario of S. Gregorio al Monte Celio, Rome, from 1602. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI; he could have been elected pope if it were not for the Spanish opposition. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V.

Death. June 30, 1607, in his room in S. Maria in Vallicella, Rome. Buried under the presbytery, to the left of the main altar, of the church S. Maria in Vallicella, Chiesa Nuova, together with Cardinal Francesco Maria Tarugi, Orat., whose epitaph he also shares (2).

Beatification. Pope Benedict XIV declared him "Venerable", the first step towards beatification, January 12, 1745. To commemorate the 400th anniversary of his death, the Confederation of the Oratory of S. Filippo Neri organized a series of Baronian Centennial Events. Cardinal Baronio's cause of canonization has been reopened by the procurator general of the oratory and a "Giornata pro beatificatione" took place on April 15, 2007 with a mass celebrated by Cardinal James Francis Stafford, grand penitentiary, in the church of S. Maria in Vallicella, Rome, at 6:30 p.m.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 0-34; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1886-1887; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5 and 47; Jedin, Hubert. Kardinal Caesar Baronius : der Anfang der katholischen Kirchengeschichtsschreibung im 16. Jahrhundert. Münster : Aschendorff, 1978. (Katholisches Leben und Kirchenreform im Zeitalter der Glaubensspaltung ; 38); Kerr, Amabel. The life of Cesare Cardinal Baronius of the Roman Oratory. London : Art and Book Co. ; New York : Benziger, 1898; Oldoini, Agostino. Athenaeum Romanum : in qvo summorum pontificum, ac pseudopontificum, nec non s.r.e. cardinalium et pseudocard. scripta publich exponuntur. Perusiae [i.e. Perugia] : Ex typographia Camerali, apud haeredes Sebastiani Zechini, 1676. Republished in 1969 by Gregg International Publishers Limited, 1 Westmead, Farnborough, Hants., England, p. 153-155; Pullapilly, Cyriac K. Caesar Baronius, Counter-Reformation historian. Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, 1975; Roncalli, Angelo. Il cardinale Cesare Baronio. Roma : Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1961. Note: Conferenza tenuta il 4 dicembre 1907 nel Seminario di Bergamo ricorrendo il terzo centenario dalla morte; Zen, Stefano. Baronio storico : controriforma e crisi del metodo umanistico. Napoli : Vivarium, 1994; Wright, Anthony David. Federico Borromeo and Baronius : a turning-point in the development of the Counter-Reformation Church. Reading : University of Reading, Department of Italian Studies, 1974. (Occasional papers - Centre for the Advanced Study of Italian Society ; no. 6.).

Webgraphy. Biography, in English; portrait and biography, in Italian; biography, in German; another biography in English; his portrait, work room, Vatican Library; his engraving by Johann Alexander Böner; his prosopography, in German; his tomb in S. Maria in Vallicella, together with Cardinal Francesco Maria Tarugi, Orat.; his epitaph; his portrait, Venetian area, 17th century, diocese of Padua, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb).

(1) This is according to the first biography in English and the Italian biography, both linked above; and Kerr, The life of Cesare Cardinal Baronius of the Roman Oratory, p. 6; the German biography and the second English biography, also linked above; and Pullapilly, Caesar Baronius, Counter-Reformation historian, p. 3, indicate that he was born on October 31, 1538; his prosopography, linked above, says that he was born on October 30, 1538.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed by Andrea Vittorelli in Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1880:

D.     O.     M.
FRANCISCO MARIÆ TAVRVSIO
POLITANO
ET
CÆSARI. BARONIO
SORANO
EX. CONGREGATIONE. ORATORIJ
S. R. E.
PRESBYTERIS. CARDINALIBVS
NE. CORPORA. DISIVNGERENTVR. IN. MORTE
QVORVM. ANIMI
DIVINIS. VIRTVTIBVS. INSIGNES
IN. VITA. CONIVNCTISSIMI. FVERANT
EADEM. CONGREGATIO
VNVM. VTRIQVE. MONVMENTVM
POSVIT
TAVRVSIVS. VIXIT. ANN. LXXXII
MENS. IX. DIES. XIV
OBIIT. III. IDVS. IVNII. MDCVIII
BARONIVS. VIXIT. ANNOS. LXVIII
MENSES. VIII
OBIIT. PRIDIE. KALEND. IVLII
MDCVII.

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(14) 10. BIANCHETTI, Lorenzo (1545-1612)

Birth. September 12, 1545, Bologna. Patrician from Bologna. Son of Cesare Bianchetti and Maddalena Castelli. His brother Lodovico Bianchetti was master of chamber of Pope Gregory XIII (1572-1585).

Education. Studied at the University of Bologna, where he earned a doctorate in law on August 30, 1567.

Early life. Relator of the Sacred Consulta. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, July 23, 1572 (1), for twenty five years. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. Accompanied Cardinal Ippolito Aldobrandini in his legation to Kraków, May 1585. Accompanied Cardinal Enrico Caetani in his legation to France, October 1589.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna, June 21, 1596. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V.

Death. March 12, 1612, Rome. Buried at the Jesuit church of Gesù, Rome (2).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 34-36; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1887-1888; Galeotti, Bartolomeo di. Trattato degli huomini illustri di Bologna, Ferrara : Vittorio Baldini, 1590; Gauchat, Patritiums. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5 and 44; Katterbach, Bruno. Referendarii utriusque Signaturae a Martino V ad Clementem IX et Praelati Signaturae Supplicationum a Martino V ad Leonem XIII. Città del Vaticano 1931. (Studi e Testi 55), p. 158.

Webgraphy. His prosopography, in German; arms and brief biographical data, in Italian, p. 52.

(1) This is according to Katterbach, Referendarii utriusque Signaturae, p. 158; Galeotti, Bartolomeo di. Trattato degli huomini illustri di Bologna, p. 52, indicates that he was named on July 11, 1572.
(2) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed by Ferdinando Ughelli in Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1888: D. O. M. LAVRENTIO. TITVLI. S. LAVRENTII. IN. PANE. ET. PERNA. S. R. E. CARDINALI. BLANCHETTO. PATRICIO. BONONIENSI. DOCTRINA. MERITIS. VIRTVTE. INSIGNI. OBIIT. ANNO. ÆTATIS. LXVII. SALVTIS. MDCXII. MARCVS. ANTONIVS. BLANCHETTVS. EQVES. CALATRAVÆ. ET. SENATOR. BONONIENSIS. ET. CÆSAR. MARCI. ANTONII. FILIVS. FRATRI. PATRVOQ. OPT. POSS.

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(15) 11. ÁVILA, Francisco de (1548?-1606)

Birth. 1548?, Spain. He is also listed as Francisco Dávila y Guzmán; and Francisco Guzmán (1). In "Actis Consistorialis" his name appears as Franciscus de Muxica et Avila de Guzman (2).

Education. Studied at Colegio de Santiago, University of Salamanca, 1565; at colegial legista, Colegio Mayor de Cuenca, Salamanca (1567-72); its rector, 1571-1572. Obtained a bachelor's in theology.

Early life. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Toledo; later archdeacon. Inquisitor of Toledo. Commissary general of the Crusade, 1589-1596. Consultor of the Supreme Council of the Spanish Inquisition.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, April 21, 1597. Protector of Spain before the Holy See. Opted for the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, January 8, 1599. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V.

Death. Friday, January 20, 1606, at 8 p.m., Rome. Buried in his title; later, translated to the tomb of his ancestors in Ávila, Spain (3).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 36-37; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1888; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 42 and 49.

(1) Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 36, who also says that it is not known if Ávila was part of his last name or the city of his birth in Spain.
(2) Cited by Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 5.
(3) Gran Enciclopedia Española does not mention the transfer of his remains to Ávila; it only says that he is buried in his title.

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(16) 12. NIÑO DE GUEVARA, Fernando (1541-1609)

Birth. 1541, Toledo, Spain. Spain. Third child of Rodrigo Niño, comendador of Lorqui, and Teresa de Guevara. The other siblings were Aldonza, Juan and Francisca. Relative of the counts of Oñate, the family Vélez de Guevara.

Education. University of Alcalá de Henares, Alcalá de Henares; Colegio Mayor de Cuenca, Salamanca, 1567-1571 (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Early life. Entered the court of King Felipe II of Spain. Auditor of the chancillería (1) of Valladolid. Member of the Royal Council of Castilla, 1580. President of the chancillería of Granada, 1584. President of the kingdom of Granada.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the title of S. Biagio dell'Anello, April 21, 1597. General inquisitor of Spain, 1599-1602. Administrator of the archdiocese of Seville. Opted for the title of S. Martino ai Monti, January 8, 1599.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Filippi, September 27 (2), 1599. Consecrated, Sunday, October 10, 1599, at the church of S. Maria degli Angeli, Rome, by Pope Clement VIII assisted by Cardinal Camillo Borghese, former bishop of Iesi, and by Cardinal Antonio Visconti, bishop of Cervia. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Seville, April 30, 1601. Did not participate in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Did not participate in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V (3).

Death. January 8, 1609, Seville. Buried in the church of the Society of Jesus, Seville.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 7-38; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1888-1889; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 47, 204 and 279; Guitarte Izquierdo, Vidal. Episcopologio Español (1500-1699). Españoles obispos en españa, América, Filipinas y otros países. Rome : Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica, 1994. (Publicaciones del Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica; Subsidia; 34), p. 113; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), VI, 685.

Webgraphy. His portrait by El Greco; and another portrait by the same painter.

(1) Chancillerías were appeal tribunals that could have been considered supreme had it not been because there were two, one in Valladolid and another one in Granada.
(2) This is according to Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 279; Guitarte Izquierdo, Episcopologio Español (1500-1699), p. 113, indicates that he was elected on November 27, 1599.
(3) This is according to Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 9; Cardella, Memorie storica de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 37, citing the memoirs of Cardinal Guido Bentivoglio, indicates that he participated in both conclaves; he adds that the continuators of Chacón's Vitae et res gestae Summi Pontifici et S. R. E. Cardinalium, also indicate that he was absent. Cardella ends saying that since the two authors are contemporaries, aspetteremo che altri decida, will wait until someone else decides.

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(17) 13. CESI, Bartolomeo (1566-1621)

Birth. 1566 (1), Rome. Of the dukes of Acquasparta. Second of the five children of Angelo Cesi, signore of Monticelli, and Beatriz Caetani. The other siblings were Ottavio, Federico, Angela and Paolo. Grand-nephew of Cardinals Paolo Emilio Cesi (1517) and Federico Cesi (1544). Relative of their second cousin Pierdonato Cesi, seniore (1570). His last name is also listed as Cesa, Cesio and Cæsi.

Education. Studied at the University of Perugia, where he obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, in 1587.

Early life. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. Domestic prelate of His Holiness. Protonotary apostolic participantium, 1586. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, April 1, 1589; later, December 28, 1589, its treasurer general and collector degli Spogli, January 23, 1590. Governor of Civitavecchia, January 8, 1590. Prefect of the Archives, 1593.

Priesthood. Ordained (no date found), together with Cardinal Pietro Aldobrandini, in Loreto, by Pope Clement VIII, in his return trip from Ferrara.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae, June 21, 1596. Governor of Tivoli, September 17, 1597 until 1605. Abbot commendatario of S. Pastore, Rieti, 1599. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Governor of the city and fortress of Benevento, April 1 to 27, 1605. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Conza, March 10, 1608. Consecrated, April 13, 1608, church of S. Maria in Portico, Rome, by Cardinal Bonifacio Caetani, assisted by Francesco Montorio, bishop of Nicastro, and by Placido Della Marra, bishop of Melfi. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, December 5, 1611. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 9, 1612 to January 13, 1614. Opted for the title of S. Prassede, January 7, 1613. Resigned the government of the archdiocese before March 3, 1614. Opted for the title of S. Maria in Trastevere, August 31, 1620. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, March 29, 1621. Cardinal protoprete. Transferred to the see of Tivoli, May 5, 1621. Abbot commendatario of S. Pastore, diocese of Rieti.

Death. October 18, 1621, Tivoli. His body was transferred to Rome and buried in his family's tomb in the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 38-40; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1889; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 43, 46, 48, 53 and 160; Katterbach, Bruno. Referendarii utriusque Signaturae a Martino V ad Clementem IX et Praelati Signaturae Supplicationum a Martino V ad Leonem XIII. Città del Vaticano 1931. (Studi e Testi 55), pp. 182 and 234; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 140, 215 402 and 574.

Webgraphy. His genealogy, Giustizia Militare; La Famiglia Cesi, in Italian, Ministero della Difesa, Italia.

(1) This is according Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 39, which indicates that he died in 1621 at fifty five, and therefore, he would have been born in 1566; his genealogy, linked above, indicates that he was born in 1568.

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(18) 14. MANTICA, Francesco (1534-1614)

Birth. March 20, 1534 (1), Venzone (2). Of a noble family originally from Como. Son of Andrea Mantica and his second wife, Fontana, daughter of Rizzardo, count and castellano of Fontanabuona.

Education. Studied at the University of Bologna (civil law); and at the University of Padua, where he obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, in 1558.

Early life. Public professor and lector of law at the University of Padua, 1559, for twenty-six years; among his students were the nephews of Pope Clement VIII. Aggregated to the nobility of Udine, 1561. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, 1580, for ten years. Jurist of fame, his De conjecturis ultimarum voluntatum was an authentic best seller in the 1500s and 1600s.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the deaconry of S. Adriano, June 21, 1596. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Tommaso in Parione, January 24, 1597.

Priesthood. Ordained, (no date found), by Cardinal Agostino Valeri, bishop of Verona. Opted for the title of S. Maria del Popolo, June 17, 1602. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 13, 1614 until his death.

Death. January 28, 1614 (3), Rome. Buried in the church of S. Maria del Popolo (4).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 40-41; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1890-1891; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 45 and 50 Oldoini, Agostino. Athenaeum Romanum : in qvo summorum pontificum, ac pseudopontificum, nec non s.r.e. cardinalium et pseudocard. scripta publich exponuntur. Perusiae [i.e. Perugia] : Ex typographia Camerali, apud haeredes Sebastiani Zechini, 1676. Republished in 1969 by Gregg International Publishers Limited, 1 Westmead, Farnborough, Hants., England, p. 233-236.

Webgraphy. Brief biographical data, in Italian; his tomb in S. Maria del Popolo, Rome, Requiem Datenbak; and another view of his bust in his tomb, ArtServe, The Australian National University; his funeral monument, Maestranze friulane (1614), diocese of Udine, Beni Ecclesiastici in Web (BeWeb).

(1) This is according to Andrea Argoli, Andreæ Argoli D. Marci Serenissimo Annuente Senatu Equitis, In Patavino Lyceo Mathematicas scientias proftendis. De diebus criticis et de ægrorum decubitu libri dvo. (Patauij : Apud Paulum Frambottum, 1652), p. 300; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 41, says that he died in 1614 at 80, therefore, he would have been born in 1534; his biographical data in Italian, linked above, also indicates that he was born in 1534; Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1890, also says that he was born in 1534.
(2) This is according to his genealogy, linked above; Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 40, indicates that he was born in Pordenone; and others, at S. Daniele del Frioli.
(3) This is according to Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1890; and the photograph of his epitaph, linked above. Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 5; , indicates that he died on January 30, 1614.
(4) This is the text of his epitaph transcribed by Andrea Vittorelli in Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1890:

D.     O.     M.
FRANCISCVS. MANTICA
VTINENSIS
QVI. OB. SVMMVM. VTRIVSQVE. DOCTRINÆ. IVRIS
SPLENDOREM
PARI. PRVDENTIA. VIGILANTIA
PROBITATEQ. CONIVNCTVM
A
CLEMENTE. VIII
PONTIF. OPTIMO MAXIMO
EX
SACRI. PALATII. APOSTOLICI. CAVSARVM
AVDITORE
AD. DIGNITATEM. AMPLITUDINEMQUE
MAIESTATI. PONTIFICIÆ
PROXIMAM
SACRO. PLAVDENTE. SENATV
AVLA. LÆTANTE. ROMANA
VENETA. GESTIENTE. REPUBLICA
EVECTUS
ORBI. TERRARVM. ILLVXIT
HIC
IN. SVI. ECCLESIA. TITVLI. SITVS. EST
VIXIT. ANN. LXXX
OBIIT. XXVIII. IANVARII
MDCXIV
GERMANICVS. MANTICA. EPISCOPVS. FAMAGVSTANVS
FRANCISCVS. MANTICA
ET
ANDREAS. MANTICA
PATRVO. P. M. POSUERUNT.

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(19) 15. ARRIGONI, Pompeio (1552-1616)

Birth. 1552, Rome. Of a family originally from Milan or from Como. Son of Giovanni Giacomo Arrigoni and Eugenia Tara. His last name is also listed as Arigoni. Uncle of Cardinal Ciriaco Rocci (1629). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Bernardino Rocci (1675).

Education. University of Perugia, Perugia; University of Bologna, Bologna; University of Padua, Padua (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Early life. Professor of law in Rome. Advocate of the causes of King Felipe II of Spain in Rome. Consistorial lawyer. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, 1591.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro, June 21, 1596. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Balbina, January 24, 1597. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Datary of Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Confirmed as datary by Pope Paul V; occupied the post from 1605 to 1607. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, 1605-1616.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Benevento, February 7, 1607. Consecrated, February 24, 1607, at the Sistine Chapel, Rome, by Pope Paul V assisted by Cardinal Luigi de Torres and by Cardinal Marcello Lante della Rovere, bishop of Todi. Cardinal Anselmo Marzato, O.F.M.Cap., archbishop of Chieti, was consecrated at the same time.

Death. April 4 (1), 1616, Naples. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Benevento.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 41-44; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, cols. 1891-1892; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 40, 52 and 113; Storti, Nicola. La storia e il diritto della Dataria Apostolica dalle origini ai nostri giorni. Napoli : Athena Mediterranea Editrice, 1969, p. 170; Zedler, Johann Heinrich, and Carl Günther Ludovici. Grosses vollständiges Universal-Lexicon aller Wissenschafften und Künste. 64 v. Graz, Adakemische Druck, 1961- . Reprint. Originially published : Halle : J. H. Zedler, 1732-50. Vols. 19-64 ed. by Carl Günther Ludovici.

(1) This is according to Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm, II, col. 1892; Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 5, also indicate that he died on April 4, 1616; other sources say that he died on April 16, 1616; much of the discrepancy may be due to the change from the Julian to the Gregorian calendar. Zedler, Johann Heinrich, and Carl Günther Ludovici. Grosses vollständiges, indicates that he died on April 3, 1616 in Torre del Greco, near Naples.

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(20) 16. BARONI PERETTI MONTALTO, Andrea (1572-1629)

Birth. November 29, 1572 , Montalto. Son of Domizio Baroni Mattei and Fiore Costantini Peretti. Second cousin of Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590), on his mother's side. His last name is listed as Peretti Montalto Baroni, Baroni Peretti, and Baroni.

Education. Educated by Cardinal Felice Peretti Montalto, O.F.M.Conv., future Pope Sixtus V.

Early life. Protonotary apostolic, 1588.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 5, 1596; received the red hat on June 8, 1596; and the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica, June 21, 1596. Opted for the deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria, March 15, 1600. Participated in the first conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Leo XI. Participated in the second conclave of 1605, which elected Pope Paul V. Opted for the deaconry of S. Eustachio, November 13, 1617. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata, January 11, 1621. Cardinal protodeacon. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. Crowned Pope Gregory XV. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Agnese in Agone, May 5, 1621 (1). Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, October 24, 1621. Cardinal protoprete. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII; he had to leave the conclave permanently on August 3, 1623; the pope was elected three days later.

Episcopate. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, September 16, 1624. Consecrated, November 30, 1624, Rome, by Sebastiano Poggio, former bishop of Ripatransone, assisted by Lorenzo Azzolini, bishop of Ripatransone, and by Giovanni Galli, bishop of Ancona. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Albano, March 2, 1626. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Frascati, April 14, 1627.

Death. August 4, 1629, after a brief illness, Rome. The funeral took place on August 6, 1629, at the church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome. Buried in the Chapel del Presepe, at the feet of the tomb of Pope Sixtus V, in the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 44-45; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm ab initio nascentis Ecclesiæ vsque ad Vrbanvm VIII. Pont. Max. 2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1630, II, col. 1892; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960, IV, 5, 36, 38, 39, 43, 51, 52, and 53.

Link. Biography, in Italian, diocesi di Frascati.

(1) Gauchat, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 39, indicates that Acta Camerarii Sacri Collegii S.R.E. Cardinalium 15 f. 169', says that he opted for the title of S. Agnese on May 5, 1621, having dismissed the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro;and adds that Acta Miscellanea 38 f. 344, says that he opted for the title of S. Agnese on May 5 after having dismissed his prior deaconry. He did not opt for the title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro because Cardinal Giovanni Battista Deti had that title until 1623.

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