The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Paul V (1605-1621)
Consistory of November 24, 1608 (IV)


(15) 1. TONTI, Michelangelo (1566-1622)

Birth. Towards the end of 1566, Rimini. Of a modest family originally from Cesena.

Education. Studied at the University of Bologna, where he obtained a doctorate in law; he also studied music.

Early life. Went to Rome and became organist at the hospital of S. Rocco a Ripetta. Procurator of causes of Francesco Borghese, brother of Cardinal Camillo Borghese, future Pope Paul V. Auditor general of Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese. Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber (?). Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Nazareth, retaining his canonship for three months, November 5, 1608. Consecrated, Sunday, November 16, 1608, Rome, by Fabio Biondi, titular Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, assisted by Metello Bichi, bishop of Sovana, and by Giambattista Leni, bishop of Mileto.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 1608; received the red hat and the title of S. Bartolomeo all'Isola, December 10, 1608. Archpriest of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome. Datary of His Holiness for three years. Transferred to the see of Cesena, retaining the titular see of Nazareth, March 11, 1609. Left the Roman Curia and went to Cesena when he fell from grace with Pope Paul V, in 1612, until the pope's death; established in the Shrine of Loreto, in his diocese, a chaplaincy with the obligation of offering a daily mass in suffrage of Pope Paul V, his former benefactor. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, October 13, 1621.

Death. April 21, 1622, Rome. Buried in the church of Santissimo Nome di Gesù, Rome.

Bibliography. Combaluzier, Fernand. "Sacres épiscopaux à Rome de 1565 à 1662. Analyse intégrale du Ms. «Miscellanea XIII, 33» des Archives Vaticanes." Sacris Eruduri, XVIII (1967-1968), p. 164.

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(16) 2. VERALLO, Fabrizio (1560-1624)

Birth. 1560 (1), Rome. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Domenico Giacobazzi (1517). Nephew of Cardinal Girolamo Verallo (1549). Uncle of Cardinal Fabrizio Spada (1675). Relative of Pope Urban VII. His last name is also listed as Varallo and as Veralli.

Education. University of Perugia, Perugia (doctorate).

Early life. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, March 16, 1590. Inquisitor of Malta in the pontificate of Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605). Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of S. Severo, March 5, 1606. Consecrated, May 28, 1606, church of S. Cecilia, Rome, by Cardinal Roberto Bellarmino, S.J., assisted by Camillo Sozombene, bishop of Pola, and by Camillo Beccio, bishop of Acqui. Nuncio in Switzerland, June 1606 until June 24, 1608.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 1608; received the red hat and the title of S. Agostino, December 10, 1608. Resigned the government of the diocese before March 23, 1615. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII. Abbot commendatario of S. Agnese fuori le mura, Rome.

Death. November 17, 1624, Rome. Buried in his title.

Bibliography. Fink, Urban. Die Luzerner Nuntiatur 1586-1873 : Zur Behördengeschichte und Quellenkunde der päpstlichen Diplomatie in der Schweiz. Luzern ; Stuttgart : Rex Verlag, 1997. (Collectanea Archivi Vaticani ; Bd. 40) (Luzerner Historische Veröffentlichungen ; Bd. 32).

Link. His tomb in the church of S. Agostino, Rome.

(1) This is according to his epitaph linked above, which says that he died in 1624 at 64. Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 148, indicates that he died at 58 in 1624.

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(17) 3. LENI, Giambattista (1573-1627)

Birth. 1573, Rome. Of a patrician family. Relative of Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese (1605).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Mileto, July 4, 1608. Consecrated, July 20, 1608, Rome, Dominican church S. Caterina a Magnanapoli, Rome, by Cardinal Ottaviano Paravicini, assisted by Marco Cornaro, bishop of Padua, and by Diego Álvarez, archbishop of Trani.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 1608 (1); received the red hat and the title of S. Sisto, December 10, 1608. Transferred to the see of Ferrara, August 3, 1611. Opted for the title of S. Cecilia, March 5, 1618. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, after the resignation of Cardinal Scipione Caffarelli-Borghese; opened and closed the Holy Door of the basilica in the 1625 Jubilee Year. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 7, 1626 until January 27, 1627.

Death. November 3, 1627, Rome. Buried in the chapel of S. Giovanni Battista, which he had built, in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. With his death, the family was extinguished. His only and universal heir was the church of S. Carlo ai Catinari, Rome.

Bibliography. Ait, Ivana ; Vaquero Piñeiro, Manuel. Dai casali alla fabbrica di San Pietro : i Leni uomini d'affari del rinascimento. Roma : Roma nel Rinascimento, 2000. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Saggii ; 59; RR inedita ; 17.; Saggi; Variation: Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato (Unnumbered).; Saggi ; 59.; RR inedita ; 17.; RR inedita.; Saggi).

(1) Ait, Dai casali alla fabbrica di San Pietro : i Leni uomini d'affari del rinascimento, p. 67, citing Amayden, La storia delle famiglie romane, II, p. 8, says that he owed his promotion to the cardinalate to his family relation with the Borghese because he was uomo di poche lettere e compensó il poco sapere con la bontá della vita, a man of little letters and compensated his little knowledge with the goodness of life.

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(18) 4. MARGOTTI, Lanfranco (1558-1611)

Birth. 1558, Parma. Of a poor and obscure family. His last name is also listed as Margozio.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Went to Rome at a young age, was introduced into the family of Cardinal Cinzio Aldobrandini and was his assistant of chamber and later, his secretary. Chamberlain and later, secretary, of Pope Clement VIII (1592-1605). Protonotary apostolic.

Priesthood. Ordained,

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 1608; received the red hat and the title of S. Callisto, December 10, 1608. Legate in Avignon (?), 1608 (1).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Viterbo, January 26, 1609. Consecrated, February 15, 1609, Sistine Chapel, Vatican, by Pope Paul V, assisted by Cardinal Domenico Pinelli, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, by Cardinal Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto, and by Cardinal Luigi Capponi. Governed the diocese through a vicar. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, January 11, 1610.

Death. February 28, 1611, after a brief illness produced by a sore in an arm, Rome. Buried in his title.

Link. His tomb in the church of S. Pietro in Vincoli, Rome.

(1) Cardella Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 150, indicates that Abbot Angelo Personeni in his book written in defense of Cardinal Cinzio Aldobrandini, says that Cardinal Margotti was named legate in Avignon after his promotion. But no other source mentions that legation.

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(19) 5. CAPPONI, Luigi (1582-1659)

Birth. 1582 (1), Florence. Son of Senator Francesco Capponi and Ludovica Macchiavelli. Of a patrician family with several senators.

Education. Archgymnasium of Rome, Rome (doctorate).

Early life. Papal prelate. Treasurer of the Apostolic Chamber, April 1605.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 1608; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Agata alla Suburra, December 10, 1608. Legate in Bologna, August 27, 1614; he fell gravely ill and on December 2, 1619, Cardinal Giulio Savelli was named legate for a triennium. Opted for the deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria, January 13, 1620. Participated in the conclave of 1621, which elected Pope Gregory XV.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ravenna, March 3, 1621. Consecrated, Sunday March 14, 1621, church of S. Biagio in Montecitorio, by Cardinal Roberto Ubaldini, assisted by Orazio Ottavio Rodolfi, bishop of Ariano, and by Alessandro Scappi, bishop of Campagna. Opted for the order of priests, April 19, 1621 and opted for the title of S. Carlo ai Catinari, May 5, 1621. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, May 2, 1622. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, August 20, 1629. Cardinal protoprete. Co-legate of Bologna, Ferrara, and Romandiola, with Cardinal Antonio Barberini, iuniore, December 1, 1642. Participated in the conclave of 1644, which elected Pope Innocent X. Resigned the government of the archdiocese, September 18, 1645. Prefect of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, October 27, 1645. Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, ad vitam, August 4, 1649. Participated in the conclave of 1655, which elected Pope Alexander VII.

Death. April 6, 1659, Palm Sunday, between 10 and 11 a.m., Rome. Buried in his title, S. Lorenzo in Lucina.

Bibliography. Combaluzier, Fernand. "Sacres épiscopaux à Rome de 1565 à 1662. Analyse intégrale du Ms. «Miscellanea XIII, 33» des Archives Vaticanes." Sacris Eruduri, XVIII (1967-1968), p. 189.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his portrait, engravings and arms, Araldica Vaticana; and his tomb in the church of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, Rome, Requiem Datenbank.

(1) This is according to Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, IV, 11, which says that he was 77 at the time of his death in 1659. Both Cardella, Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, VI, 152, and the epitaph in his tomb linked above, indicate that he was 76 when he died and, therefore, he would have been born in 1583.

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