The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Gregory XV (1621-1623)
Consistory of July 21, 1621 (III)

(6) 1. SANSEVERINO, Lucio (1565-1623)

Birth. 1565, Naples. Of the princes of Bisignano. Second of the seven children of Giovanni Giacomo Sanseverino, count of Saponara, and Cornelia Pignatelli, marchioness of Cerchiaro. The other siblings were Ferdinando, Fabrizio, Delia, Vittoria, Ascanio and Delia (Aurelia). The family gave the church several cardinals: Guglielmo Sanseverino (1378); Federico Sanseverino (1489); Antonio Sanseverino, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1527); and Stanislao Sanseverino (1816).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace in the pontificate of Pope Gregory XIII.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Rossano, with dispensation for not having yet reached the canonical age, December 2, 1592. Consecrated, December 21, 1592, church of S. Maria Vallicella, Rome, by Cardinal Alessandro de' Medici, archbishop of Florence (no information found on the co-consecrators). In the same ceremony was consecrated Francesco Maria Tarugi, archbishop of Avignon and future cardinal. He was granted the pallium on January 11, 1593. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Salerno, November 19, 1612., after having been presented by the king of Spain. Nuncio in Flanders, June 1, 1619 until May 1621.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of July 21, 1621; received the red hat and the title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio, August 30, 1621. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII. Opted for the title of S. Eusebio, September 27, 1623.

Death. December 25, 1623, in his residence in Salerno. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Salerno. The news of his death reached Rome on December 31, 1623.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 228; Gauchat, Patritium. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen IV (1592-1667). Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1967, pp. 6, 42, 50, 297 and 301.

Links. His prosopography, in German, Requiem Datenbank; and his genealogy, in Italian, A5 C1 D2, Libro d'Oro della Nobilità Mediterranea.

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(7) 2. GOZZADINI, Marcantonio (1574-1623)

Birth. 1574, Bologna. Of a patrician family. Son of Tommaso Gozzadini and Olimpia Bianchini. Cousin of Pope Gregory XV. Distant cousin of Cardinal Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini (1709).

Education. University of Bologna, Bologna (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, 1596).

Early life. Judge collegiato in Bologna, 1596. Prior of San Bartolomeo, Bologna, from 1615. Primo Collaterale of Campidoglio, 1616-1621. Advocate of the causes in the Roman Curia, 1616-1621. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, February 21, 1621. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, 1616-1621. Collaterale di Campidoglio. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of July 21, 1621; received the red hat and the title of S. Eusebio, August 30, 1621. Commander of the Sovereign Order of Malta, July 1621. Prior beneficiato of S. Angelo in Tivoli and abbot of S. Giovanni di Laura, October 14, 1621.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Tivoli, with dispensation for not having yet received the presbyterate, October 25, 1621. Consecrated, Sunday, March 13, 1622, (no place found), by Cardinal Ludovico Ludovisi, assisted by Galeazzo Sanvitale, archbishop of Bari, and by Volpiano Volpi, archbishop-bishop of Novara. Acting prefect of the secretariat of Briefs, March 16, 1622. Abbot commendatario of S. Antonio, Genoa, August 30, 1622. Abbot commendatario of S. Basilide di Canaria, from 1622. Opted for the title of S. Agata in Suburra, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, May 23, 1623. Transferred to the see of Faenza, June 7, 1623. Participated in the conclave of 1623, which elected Pope Urban VIII.

Death. September 1, 1623, near 1 p.m., Rome. Buried in the church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VI, 228-220; Combaluzier, Fernand. "Sacres épiscopaux à Rome de 1565 à 1662. Analyse intégrale du Ms. «Miscellanea XIII, 33» des Archives Vaticanes." Sacris Eruduri, XVIII (1967-1968), p. 194.

Link. His tomb and prosopography, in German.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from his prosopography, linked above:

D .    O .    M
M. ANTONIO GOZADINO BONONIENSI S . R . E . CARDINALI
QVI GENTILIVM EXCITATVS EXEMPLIS ADOLESCENS
IVRIS PRVDENTIAE IN PATRIAE GYMNASIO
CONSECVTVS EST LAVREAM
TVM IN FORO DIV VERSATVS IURIQ . MOX DICVNDO
IN CAPITOLIO PRAEFECTVS DVM INTEGRITATIS FAMA
VRBEM IMPLESSET A GREGORIO XV
CONSANGUINEO INSIGNITVS EST PVRPVRA
HAVD LONGE POST SVMME COMPLORATVS EXCESSIT
AETATIS SVAE ANNO XLIX . SAL . MDCXXII
BONIFACIVS GOZADINVS EX TESTAMENT . HAERES
GRATI ANIMI MONVMENTVM
POSVIT
OCATVO KALENDAS MARTII MDCXXVIII

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