Birth. June 1, 1630, Rome. Nephew of Cardinals Francesco Barberini, seniore (1623), and Antonio Barberini, iuniore, O.S.Io.Hieros. (1627). Grand-nephew of Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644) and of Cardinal Antonio Barberini, seniore, O.F.M.Cap. (1624). Uncle of Cardinal Francesco Barberini, iuniore (1690). Called to the ecclesiastical life, resigned his primogeniture in favor of his younger brother Maffeo.
Education. (No information found). He received the first tonsure on March 9, 1653.
Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 23, 1653; with dispensation for having two uncles in the Sacred College of Cardinals; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Cesareo in Palatio, August 18, 1653. At his promotion to the cardinalate, he received the faculty of retaining the charge of prefect of Rome (1).
Sacred orders. Received the minor orders on September 21, 1653; the subdiaconate on December 31, 1654; and the diaconate on January 1, 1655. Participated in the conclave of 1655, which elected Pope Alexander VII. Opted for the deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria, August 30, 1660. In the absence of his uncle Cardinal Antonio Barberini, was elected administrator of the patriarchal Liberian basilica and of the diocese of Palestrina. Participated in the conclave of 1667, which elected Pope Clement IX. Named archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica when his uncle Francesco Barberini resigned the post, and also pro-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church during the absence of his uncle Antonio Barberini. Participated in the conclave of 1669-1670, which elected Pope Clement X. Opted for the deaconry of S. Cesareo in Palatio again, November 14, 1667. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin, December 2, 1675. Participated in the conclave of 1676, which elected Pope Innocent XI. Protector of the Kingdom of Poland 1681 until his death.
Priesthood. Ordained on September 18, 1683. Opted for the order of priests and the title of S. Maria della Pace, September 27, 1683. Opted for the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, April 30, 1685. Cardinal protoprete. Participated in the conclave of 1689, which elected Pope Alexander VIII. Participated in the conclave of 1691, which elected Pope Innocent XII. Prefect of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, July 17, 1698 until his death. Participated in the conclave of 1700, which elected Pope Clement XI. Legate a latere to Naples to compliment King Felipe V of Spain in the name of the pope, 1702.
Death. October 2, 1704, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome, and buried near the altar of the Barberini chapel in that same church.
Bibliography. I Barberini e la cultura Europea del seicento : atti del convego internazionale Palazzo Barberini alle Quattro Fontane, 7-11 dicembre 2004. Per cura di Lorenza Mochi Onori ... [et al.]. Roma : De Luca Editori D' Arte, 2007. Note: Papers from the International Conference on Barberini and the European Culture of the 17th Century, held at the Palazzo Barberini, December 7-11, 2004; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1793, VII,100-101 ; Poncet, Olivier. "Antonio Barberini (1608-1671) et la papauté. Réflexions sur un destin individuel en cour de Rome au XVIIe siècle." Mélanges de l'École française de Rome. Italie et Méditerranée, CVIII, no. 1 (1996), pp. 407-442; Talenti, Tommaso ; Barberini, Carlo. Polonia e curia Romana corrispondenza del lucchese Tommaso Talenti, segretario intimo del re di Polonia, con Carlo Barberini, protettore del regno (1681-1693). 2a. edizione. ampliata. Edited by Gaetano Platania, Gaetano. Viterbo : Sette città, 2003. (Acta Barberiniana ; 1; Variation: Acta (Viterbo) ; 1).
Links. His genealogy by Leo van de Pas, IX-1, 3 World Roots; his arms, Requiem Datenbank; and his tomb in the church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome Requiem Datenbank.
(1) His father, Taddeo Barberini, brother of Cardinals Francesco and Antonio, was governor of Rome in the pontificate of Pope Urban VIII (1623-1644).
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