The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Clement XI (1700-1721)
Consistory of April 15, 1709 (V)
Celebrated in Rome


(24) 1. GOZZADINI, Ulisse Giuseppe (1650-1728)

Birth. October 10, 1650, Bologna. Of a patrician and senatorial family. Son of Palatine Count Marcantonio Gozzadini and Ginevra Leoni. He was count of Liano. Grand-nephew of Cardinal Marcantonio Gozzadini (1621). He is also listed as Ulysses Josephus Gozzadinus.

Education. Studied at the University of Bologna, where he obtained doctorates in canon law in 1670; and in civil law in 1674.

Early life. Page in the court of Tuscany, 1658. Magistrate of degli Anziani, 1673. Canon theologian of the cathedral chapter of Bologna, 1673-1693. Professor of law at the University of Bologna, 1674-1694. Went to Rome in 1693. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, January 18, 1693. Consistorial lawyer. Secretary of Memorials, December 24, 1695. Secretary of Briefs to the Princes, August 3, 1697. Canon beneficiato of San Biagio di Sala and of San Martino di Pedriolo, 1698.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Teodosia, September 8, 1700. Consecrated, September 12, 1700, church of S. Ignazio, Rome, by Cardinal Bandino Panciatici, assisted by Prospero Bottini, titular archbishop of Mira, and by Leonardo Marsili, archbishop of Siena. Confirmed as Secretary of Briefs to the Princes by the new Pope Clement XI, December 7, 1700. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, December 8, 1700. Acting secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, May to November 1706.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of April 15, 1709; received the red hat on April 18, 1709; and the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme on June 19, 1709. Commendatario of the church of San Lazzaro, next to Piacenza, 1709. Transferred to the see of Imola, with personal title of archbishop, February 19, 1710. Legate in Romagna, November 27, 1713 until April 1717. Legate a latere to represent the pope at the wedding, by power, of King Felipe V of Spain and Princess Isabella Farnese of Parma, August 20, 1714, in the cathedral of Parma. He went to the frontier of Emilia to receive, in the name of the pope, King James III of Great Britain, who going from France to Rome. He celebrated a synod in hs diocese. Participated in the conclave of 1721, which elected Pope Innocent XIII. Participated in the conclave of 1724, which elected Pope Benedict XIII. In the Jubilee Year of 1725, he received the pilgrims in Imola and served them with his own hands.

Death. March 20, 1728, of an apoplexy, Imola. Exposed in the cathedral of Imola, and buried there according to his will (1). Giambattista Rondoni wrote the life of the cardinal in Latin and published it in Bologna in 1728.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 111-114; Cattani, Andrea Luigi. Ne' funerali dell' eminentissimo Principe Giuseppe Ulisse, Cardinal Gozzadini, Vescovo d'Imola ... Firenze : [s.n..] 1729; Gozzadini, Ulisse Giuseppe. Ulysses Joseph... cardinalis Gozzadinus, provinciae Romandiolae et exarchatus Ravennae de latere legatus, magistratui, consulibus ac populo Ravennae. Faventiae : excudebat J. A. Archus, 1717; Maggiali, Giuseppe. Ragguaglio delle nozze delle maest` di Filippo Quinto, e di Elisabetta Farnese, nata principessa di Parma re cattolici delle Spagne, solennemente celebrate in Parma l'anno 1714., ed ivi benedette dall'Eminentissimo Sig. cardinale di s. chiesa Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini, legato a latere del sommo pontefice Clemente Undecimo. In Parma : Nella stamperia di S.A.S., 1717; Notizie per l'anno 1726. Rome : Nella Stamperia di Gio: Francesco Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1726, p. 180; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 26, 45, 228 and 375; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 370 and 709.

Links. His portrait by Pietro Nelli, Biblioteca Classense, Abbey of Classe, Ravenna, Istituto per i beni artistici culturali e naturali della Regione Emilia-Romagna; his portrait, diocese of Imola, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his image on a medallion, monumento commemorativo, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his effigy on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic; and another reproduction of the same medal, Historical and Commemorative Medals, Collection of Benjamin Weiss.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his memorial tablet situated on the north wall, on the stairs leading up to the sacristy, opposite the memorial to Cardinal Gaetano Baluffi, kindly provided by Mr. Mark West, from London:

D · O · M
ULYSSI · IOS · TIT · S · CRUC · IN · IERLEM
S · R · E · PRESB · CARD · GOZZADINO
EPO · IMOL
AEMILIAE DE LATERE LEGATO
QUI
ADS · D · N · CLEMENTE · PP · XI
AD ELISABETHAM FARNESIAM
PHILIPPI · V · CATH · HISP · REGIS
SPONSAM DESIGNATAM
AC SUBINDE
AD UTRIUSQ · MAIESTATIS NUPTIAS
PONTIFICIO NOE BENEDICENDAS
LEGATUS ITEM A LATERE CONSTITUTUS
PROFECTIONEM AB HAC ECCLA· EXORSUS
AD PRECEM CAPITULI IMOLEN
ROCCHETTI ET CAPPAE USUM
DIGNIT · CANON · EIUSD · ECCLAE
SINGULARI DIPLOMATE INDULSIT
PARMAE DIE XIV SEPT· MDCCXIV
AD PERENNEM BENEFICII MEMORIAM
SACRA SOLEMNI LITURGIA
PROGRATIAR· ACTIONE QUOTANN· INSTITE
CANON ET · CAPIT · P · P ·
ANNO AB URBE REPARATO
MDCCXV

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(25) 2. SANVITALE, Antonio Francesco (1660-1714)

Birth. February 10, 1660, Parma. Of an ancient and illustrious family. Son of Luigi Sanvitale, first count of Belforte, and Margherita Talenti Fiorenza, of the marquises of Conturbia. He is also listed as Antonius Franciscus Sanvitalis; as Antonio Francesco San-Vitale; and as Antonius Sanuitalis.

Education. Initial studies at Collegio Clementino, Roma, from 1676 to 682; then, studied at the University of Parma, where he earned a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, on June 27, 1684.

Early life. Entered the ecclesiastical state and went to Rome. Joined the Roman prelature in the pontificate of Pope Innocent XII and was named referendary of the Supreme Tribunals of Justice and of Grace, January 24, 1696 (1). Voter of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature in July 1697; and consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, August 22, 1698.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 27, 1699. Vice-legate in Avignon from March 15, 1700 until March 31, 1703.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Efeso, July 16, 1703. Consecrated, July 22, 1703, church of S. Andrea della Valle, Rome, by Cardinal Fabrizio Paolucci. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, August 15, 1703. Nuncio in Florence, August 17, 1703 (2). Called back to Rome by the pope, he was named assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, June 1706. Prefect of the Cubiculi of His Holiness, November 1, 1707. Transferred to metropolitan see of Urbino, May 6, 1709; he received the pallium on June 19, 1709. As archbishop, he distinguished himself for the zeal with which he carried out the pastoral visits; for his generosity towards the poor; and for the celebration of several diocesan synod.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of April 15, 1709; published in the consistory of July 22, 1709; received the red hat on July 27, 1709; and the title of S. Pietro in Montorio on September 9, 1709. He was granted the pallium on June 19, 1709.

Death. December 17, 1714, at 7 p.m., Urbino. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Urbino (3).

Bibliography. Beltrami, Giuseppe. Notizie su prefetti e referendari della Segnatura Apostolica desunte dai brevi di nomina. Città del Vaticano, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1972, p. 114, no. 286; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 114-115; Karttunen, Liisi. Les nonciatures apostoliques permanentes de 1650 à 1800. Genève : E. Chaulmontet, 1912, p. 259; Il merito coronato, o sia, Relazione di tutte le solennità seguite in Parma, per la promozione alla sacra porpora dell'emin.mo e rev.mo Signor cardinale Antonfrancesco Sanvitale, con la raccolta di tutte le composizioni, che si sono vedute, e udite nelle sopraccennate funzioni. Parma : Paolo Monti, 1710; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, LXI, 84; Notizie per l'anno 1721. Rome : Nella Stamperia di Gio: Francesco Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1721, p. 141, no.7; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 26, 49, 196 and 399; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 134 and 894; Weber, Christoph. Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie. 3 vols. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 2003-2004. (Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31/1, 31/2, 31/3; Variation: Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31), III, 883.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Dizionario dei parmigiani; and his portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali.

(1) This is according to Beltrami, Notizie su prefetti e referendari della Segnatura Apostolica desunte dai brevi di nomina, p. 114, no. 286; and Weber, Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie, III, 883, citing Beltrami. Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, V, 196, says that he was named referendary on December 24, 1695.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, V, 196; and Weber, Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie, III, 883. Karttunen, Les nonciatures apostoliques permanentes de 1650 à 1800, p. 259, says that he was named nuncio in Florence on September 18, 1703.
(3) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from his biography in Italian, linked above:

Hic ossa arida
cardinalis Antonii Francisci Sanvitalis Parmensis
Archiepiscopi Urbini
expectant audire verbum Dei.
Obiit die XVII. mensis Decembris anno MDCCXIV

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