The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Clement XI (1700-1721)
Consistory of May 6, 1715 (IX)
Celebrated in Rome


(47) 1. OLIVIERI, Fabio (1658-1738)

Birth. April 29, 1658, Pesaro. Eighth of the nine children of Giovanni Andrea Abbate Olivieri and Giulia Albani. Cousin of Pope Clement XI, on his mother's side. He is also listed as Fabio degli Abbati Olivieri da Pesaro.

Education. Studied together with his cousin the pope at Collegio Romano, Rome.

Sacred orders. (No information found). Obtained a benefice in the patriarchal Vatican basilica, where his cousin was judge and vicar. Assistant of his cousin while he was secretary of Apostolic Briefs. Appointed secretary of Apostolic Briefs by the new Pope Clement XI, November 24, 1700, retaining the benefice in the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, May 22, 1706. Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica. Pro-prefect of the Apostolic Palace, October 1712, temporarily replacing Prefect Lodovico Pico della Mirandola, titular patriarch of Constantinople.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 6, 1715; received the red hat and the deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto, September 23, 1715. Participated in the conclave of 1721, which elected Pope Innocent XIII. Confirmed in his post of secretary of Apostolic Briefs by the new Pope Innocent XIII, May 10, 1721; occupied the post until his death. He was named protector of the Congregation of the Monachorum Silvestrinorum on April 28, 1722. Participated in the conclave of 1724, which elected Pope Benedict XIII. Named protector of the Order of the Most Blessed Trinity (Trinitarians) on January 23, 1726. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII.

Death. February 9, 1738, near 8 p.m., Rome. Transferred to his deaconry the following day; the funeral took place on February 11, 1738; and his remains were buried in that same church with a magnificent eulogy placed by his nephew Giovanni Francesco Abbate Olivieri.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 155; Notizie per l'anno 1721. Rome : Nella Stamperia di Gio: Francesco Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1721, p. 135, no. 63; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 29 and 55; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), I, 7.

Links. His portrait, Museo Civici a Palazzo Ciacchi, Pesaro; his portrait, diocese of Pesaro; another portrait, also from the diocese of Pesaro; his engraving by Johannes Christoph Kolb, Antiquariat Hille, Berlin.

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