The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Benedict XIII (1724-1730)
Consistory of December 9, 1726 (VI)
Celebrated in Rome


(9) 1. QUIRINI, O.S.B.Cas., Angelo Maria (1680-1755)

Birth. March 30, 1680, Venice (1). Of an illustrious and ancient Venetian family. Youngest of the three sons of Paolo Qurini and Cecilia Giustiniani. His baptismal name was Gerolamo. His last name is also listed as Querini.

Education. Entered the Order of Saint Benedict Cassinese, Florence, 1696; took the name Angelo Maria. Studied Greek, Hebrew, and mathematics.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 24, 1702. Professor of Sacred Scripture in his monastery, 1705. In 1710, took an educational journey through Germany, the Netherlands, England, and France. Lector of theology in the abbey of S. Crisogono di Zara, Dalmatia, Republic of Venice. He went to Rome at the end of 1714. Consultor of the SS.CC. of the Index and of Rites, 1714. Named abbot of his order in Florence. Charged by the general chapter of his order with the compilation of the Benedictine Annals; for this purpose, he went to Naples in 1716; due to several difficulties, he was not allowed to publish the first volume. Member of the commission for the revision of the Greek liturgical books, 1718. In 1722, he returned to Venice and wrote a life of St. Benedict.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Corfù, November 22, 1723. Consecrated, November 30, 1723, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Barberini, assisted by Agostino Antonio Zacco, bishop of Trevico, and by Nicola Tedeschi, titular archbishop of Apamea. He was granted the pallium on December 20, 1723. He went to Rome for the ad limina visit in 1726.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of November 20, 1727; received the red hat and the title of S. Agostino, December 22, 1727. Transferred to the diocese of Brescia, with personal title of archbishop, July 30, 1727. In Brescia, he founded a library in the episcopal residence; complete the reconstruction of the cathedral, which had been started a century earlier; erected a school in S. Eustachio for the new priests; provided for excellent professors in the diocesan seminary; and realized pastoral visitations in the entire territory of his diocese. Opted for the title of S. Marco, March 8, 1728. Abbot of the monastery of Vangadiccia in 1728; he erected its seminary; built the main altar made of marble; and renovated its pavement. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, September 4, 1730 until his death. He participated in the Controversia di Crema, which lasted from 1732 to 1752, concerning the divine right of the people to receive communion during the mass; the controversy agitated the entire Italian ecclesiastical world. Abbot commendatario of Leno, 1734. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. Protector of the Order of S. Girolamo, Congregation of Lombardy, September 30, 1740. Prefect of the S.C. of the Index, August 1740. Abbot commendatario of Rosazzo, 1740. Abbot commendatario of S. Stefano, Carrara, 1741. Opted for the title of S. Prassede, retaining in commendam the title of S. Marco, March 11, 1743. In 1745, he founded the Biblioteca Queriniana, in Brescia, which still exists. Member of the Academy of Sciences of Vienna, 1747. Member of the Academy of Sciences Berlin, 1748. Honorary member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, since not later than November 22, 1748. He sponsored the German missions. His writings include works in the liturgy and history of the Greek Church; a life of Pope Paul II, vindicating him from the calumnies of Platina; and the history of Corfù and of Brescia. He published the works of Ss. Gaudenzio and Filastrio, of Blessed Rampero and of the Venerable Adelmanno, bishop of Brescia; as well as that of S. Efrem Syro. He also published a five-volume edition of Cardinal Reginald Pole's correspondence. He lived a modest and frugal personal life following the rule of his religious order. He generously contributed to the restoration of the Roman churches of S. Marco, his title; S. Gregorio; S. Prassede; and S. Alessio. He also wrote Commentarii historici de rebus pertinentibus, in three volumes; the first one, published in Bescia in 1749, was a memoir or autobiography which covered events until 1740; to this followed Continuatio, in two volumes, published posthumously in 1761.

Death. January 6, 1755, victim of an accident, Brescia. Exposed and buried in the cathedral of Brescia, in front of the major altar. His tomb has a brief inscription that he himself had composed.

Bibliography. Breithaupt, Justus Friedrich Veit. Die Geschichte Seiner Eminenz, Herrn Angelus Maria Quirini, der Rvmischen Kirche Cardinals, Bischofs zu Brescia, u.s.f. Erfurt : Nonne, 1752. Uniform title: Commentarii de rebus pertinentibus ad ... Responsibility: Aus Deroselben eigenhändig aufgesetzten Lateinischen Lebensbeschreibung zusammen gezogen von Just Friedrich Veit Breithaupt; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 214-217; Elli, Pietro. La partecipazione di benedettini cassinesi alla controversia di Crema (1732-1752). Montecassino : [s.n.], 1993, p. 87-97; Notizie per l'anno1753. In Roma MDCCLIII : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, p. 89; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 37, 44, 47, 127 and 172; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 48; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), I, 787.

Links. Biography by Nicholas Weber, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his portrait and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his portrait, bust and biography, in Italian, Encyclopedia; biography, in German; Die Geschichte Seiner Eminenz, Herrn Angelus Maria Quirini, der Rvmischen Kirche Cardinals, Bischofs zu Brescia, u.s.f. by Justus Justus Friedrich Veit Breithaupt, in German, Google Libros; his portrait, scuola lombarda, Pinacoteca Ambrosiana, LombardiaBeniCulturali; his portrait by Giacomo Zoboli, diocese of Brescia; his engraving by Johann Christoph Sysang, Antiquariat Hille, Berlin; his effigy on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic; his effigy on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic; his effigy on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, V, 172. Notizie per l'anno1753, p. 89, says that he was born on March 10, 1680.

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(10) 2. LERCARI, Niccolò Maria (1675-1757)

Birth. November 9, 1675, Taggia, diocese of Albenga. Of an illustrious family from Genoa. The family gave Genoa several doges and senators. Son of Giovanni Tommaso Lercari. His first name is also listed as Nicolò, Nicolo and Nicolao. Cousin of Giovanni Lercari, archbishop of Genoa. He was sent to Rome in 1686.

Education. Studied at La Sapienza University, Rome (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, September 22, 1696).

Early life. Referendary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, 1699. Governor of Todi, April 13, 1701 until 1704. Abbreviatore de parco maiori, 1701.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 7, 1704. Governor of Benevento, January 16, 1705 until the end of 1707; because of his integrity and religiosity, he gained the esteem of Cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini, archbishop of Benevento, future Pope Benedict XIII. Governor of Camerino, January 9, 1708 until September 1710. Governor of Ancona, June 26, 1711 until May 1714; Governor of Civitavecchia and Tulfa, May 19, 1714 Until April 1717. Governor of Perugia, April 26, 1717. Relator of the S.C. of the Sacred Consulta. Referendary of the Supreme Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. Voter of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Justice. Canon and dean of the chapter of the patriarchal Lateran basilica. Prefect of the Cubiculi of His Holiness, June 7, 1724.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Nazianzo, June 12, 1724. Consecrated, June 18, 1724, chapel of S. Pio, Vatican, Rome, by Pope Benedict XIII, assisted by Camillo Cibo, titular patriarch of Constantinople, and by Prospero Marefoschi, titular archbishop of Cesarea. Prime minister and secretary of State, June 14, 1726 until February 21, 1730.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 9, 1726; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo, December 16, 1726. On September 30, 1727, he was named protector of the Canons Refular Lateranense. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 20, 1734 until January 17, 1735. Vice-legate in Avignon, July 27, 1739 until June 8, 1744. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, March 11, 1743. He was very generous with the poor and the needy.

Death. March 21, 1757, at 2 a.m., in his palace in Campo Marte, Rome. Exposed in his title, S. Pietro in Vincoli, where the capella papalis took place the following day; and buried in that same church. Only his name and his cardinalitial arms were inscribed in his tombstone. His cousin, Archbishop Lercari of Genoa, erected a splendid monument to his memory in the chapel of the family in the baptistery of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome; on the right side, is the kneeling statue of the cardinal in marble with a magnificent eulogy (1). He left the palace that he had built in Albano as a residence for the bishops of that see.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 217-218; Del Re, Niccolò. La Curia romana : lineamenti storico giuridici. 4th ed. aggiornata ed accresciuta. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, p. 89; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XXXVIII, 105; Notizie per l'anno1753. In Roma MDCCLIII : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, p. 89; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 36, 46 and 283; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 48 amd 56; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 118, 135, 143, 176, 220, 412 and 737; Weber, Christoph. Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie. 3 vols. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 2003-2004. (Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31/1, 31/2, 31/3; Variation: Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31), II, 689.

Link. His portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his bass-relief, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving by Girolamo Rossi, based on a portrait by Giovanni Odazzi, CalcoGRAFICA, Istituto Nazionale della Grafica; and his funeral monument, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, Requiem Datenbank.

(1) This is the text of the eulogy, taken from Requiem Datendbank, linked above:

D    ·    O    ·    M    ·
NICOLAO MARIÆ LERCARIO
TIT · S · PETRI AD VINCULA · S · R · E · PRESB · CARDINALI
IANGENSI
QUI
CUM PRIMARIAS PONTIFICÆ DITIONIS CIVITATES
OPTIME REXISSET
A BENEDICTO XIII PONT · OPT · MAX ·
PONTIFICIO CUBICULO PRÆFECTUS
ET ARCHIEPISCOPUS NAZIANZENUS CONSECRATUS
MOX PRIMUS ADMINISTER ELECTUS
ATQUE IN SACRUM CARDINALIUM COLLEGIUM COOPTATUS
FIDE JUSTITIA COMITATE RELIGIONE
SINGULARI IN SECUNDIS REBUS MODESTIA
PERENNI AC EFFUSA IN PAUPERES LIBERALITATE
OMNIUM AMOREM · ATQ · ADMIRATIONEM SIBI CONCILIAVIT
S · CONG (M) · DE PROPAGANDA FIDEM EX ASSE HÆREDEM MORIENS RELIQUIT
ATQ · ORNATISSIMAS ÆDES ALBANI
QUIBUS BENEDICTUM XIII BIS HOSPITIO EXCEPERAT
S · R · E · CARDINALIBUS ALBANI EPISCOPIS LEGAVIT
JOANNES LERCARIUS ARCHIEPISCOPUS HADRIANOPOLITANUS
ET SACROSANCTF LIBERIANÆ BASILIÆ CANONICUS
PATRUELI SUO OPTIMO AC BENEFICENTISSIMO
PERENNE HOC AMORIS GRATIQUE ANIMI MONUMENTUM
JUXTA HOC LERCARIÆ GENTIS SACELLUM P · C ·
VIXIT AN · LXXXI · MENSES IV DIES XI
OBIIT XIII KAL · APRILIS AN · MDCCLVII

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(11) 3. ANSIDEI, Marco Antonio (1671-1730)

Birth. September 1, 1671, Perugia. Son of Giuseppe Ansidei, page and gentiluomo of Grand Duke Cosimo II, and Deianira Eugeni. His first name is also listed as Marcantonio; and his last name as Asindaeis, Ansideus and Ansideo.

Education. Initial studies in Perugia; he went to Rome in 1685 and studied at Collegio Clementino, Rome (philosophy and theology); returned to Perugia and attended the University of Perugia (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, May 5, 1694).

Early life. Lawyer in the Roman Curia. Referendary of the Supreme Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, July 13, 1702. Voter and relator in the SS.CC. of Good Government and Index, 1705. Auditor of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, 1706. Aggregated to the college of jurisconsults of the University of Perugia, 1708; soon returned to Rome. Lieutenant of the auditor of the Apostolic Chamber, October 1712. Secretary of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council, January 1716. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, February 1717. At the end of 1717, the pope assigned him as companion (pro-assessor) of Domenico Sauli, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, who because of illness was unable to perform his duties, January 1718; he became the assessor in March 1722. Dean of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Grace. Received the diaconate, April 4, 1722. Granted permission to receive the priestly ordination outside of Ember days, June 16, 1724.

Priesthood. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Damiata, with dispensation for having received only the diaconate, June 12, 1724. Consecrated, July 9, 1724, Pauline chapel, Quirinale palace, Rome, by Pope Benedict XIII, assisted by Niccolò Lercari, titular archbishop of Nazianzo, and by Camillo Paolucci, titular archbishop of Iconio. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, October 6, 1724. He participated in the Lateran Council of 1725.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Pietro in Montorio, May 10, 1728. Transferred to the diocese of Perugia, with personal title of archbishop and retaining all his other posts, December 16, 1726. Opted for the title of S. Agostino, July 6 (or August 3), 1729.

Death. February 14, 1730, of an ostinata malatia, Rome. Transferred to his title, S. Agostino, in the afternoon; the capella papalis took place the following day; and he was buried in that same church in front of the main altar. The funeral oration of the late cardinal was delivered by Carlo Bruschi, professor of eloquence at the University of Perugia; at the end of the oration, he included a brief relation in Latin of the life of the cardinal. His tombstone was inscribed with his cardinalitial arms and an honorable eulogy, placed by his brother Count Filippo Ansidei (1).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 218-220; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 37, 44, 49, 181 and 311; Weber, Christoph. Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie. 3 vols. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 2003-2004. (Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31/1, 31/2, 31/3; Variation: Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31), I, 414.

Links. His portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving by Gaspare Massi, and his tombstone, Requiem Datenbank.

(1) This is the text of the inscription, taken from Requiem Datenbank, linked above:

D    ·    O    ·     M    ·
MARCO · ANTONIO
TIVULI · S · AVGVSTINI · PRAESBITERO
S · R · E · CARDINALI · ANSIDEO
PATRICIO · ET · EPISCOPO · PERUSINO
PIETATIS · SAPIENTIAE · ET · IUSTITIAE · LAVDE
COMENDATISSIMO
KAL · SEPTEMBRIS · MDCLXXI · NATO
XVI · KAL · MART · MDCCXXX
VITA · FVNCTO
FRATRI · SVO · AMANTISSIMO
FILIPPVS · COMES · ANSIDEVS
MOERENS · POSVIT

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(12) 4. LAMBERTINI, Prospero Lorenzo (1675-1758)

Birth. March 31, 1675, Bologna. Son of Senator Marcello Lambertini and Lucrezia Bulgarini.

Education. Initially, he studied with the Somaschi priests in Bologna; then at Collegio Clementino, Rome, from 1688 (rhetoric, philosophy, and theology); and finally, at La Sapienza University, Rome (doctorate in theology and utroque iure, both canon and civil law, September 11, 1694).

Early life. Consistorial lawyer from 1702. Consultor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition. Promoter of the Faith from April 1708. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and assessor of the S.C. of Rites from October 1712.

Sacred orders. Received the subdiaconate, April 17, 1713; and later, the diaconate. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, 1713. Secretary of the S.C. of the Council, 1718. Canonist of the Apostolic Penitentiary, 1722.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Teodosia, with dispensation for only having received the diaconate, June 12, 1724. Consecrated, July 16, 1724, in the Pauline Chapel of the Apostolic Palace of the Quirinale, Rome, by Pope Benedict XIII, assisted by Giovanni Francesco Nicolai, O.F.M.Ref., titular archbishop of Mira, and by Niccolò Maria Lercari, titular archbishop of Nazianzo, secretary of the S.C. Consistorial. In the same ceremony was consecrated Giambattista Altieri, iuniore, future cardinal. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, March 13, 1725.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, May 10, 1728. Transferred to the see of Ancona, with personal title of archbishop and retaining all his posts, January 20, 1727. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bologna, April 30, 1731. Participated in the conclave of 1740 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected pope, August 17, 1740; took the name Benedict XIV. Crowned, August 21 (1), 1740, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Carlo Maria de' Marini, deacon of S. Agata in Suburra. Resigned the government of the archdiocese of Bologna, January 14, 1754. He created sixty four cardinals in seven consistories.

Death. May 3, 1758, Rome. Exposed and buried, on May 7, 1758, in the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Rome.

Bibliography. Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 2010. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2010, p. 19*; Meluzzi, Luciano. I vescovi e gli arcivescovi di Bologna. Bologna : Grafica Emiliana, 1975. (Collana Storico-Ecclesiastica, 3), pp. 468-481; Notizie per l'anno 1732. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1732, p. 180; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p.10; Raybaud, Léon Pierre. Papauté et pouvoir temporel sous les pontificats de Clément XII et Benoît XIV, 1730-1758. Paris : J. Vrin, 1963. (Bibliothèque de la Société d'histoire ecclésiastique de la France); Rosa, Mario. "Benedetto XIV." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, III, 446-461.

Links. Biography by Patrick Healy, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography by Mario Rosa, in Italian, Enciclopedia dei papi, Treccani; his episcopal lineage by Charles N. Brason, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; The Writings of Pope Benedict XIV, in English, The Papal Library; his portrait by Pierre Subleyras, Musée Condé, Chantilly, Réunion des musées nationaux, France; his portrait by Pierre Subleyras, châteaux de Versailles et de Trianon, Réunion des musées nationaux, France; his portrait by Pierre Subleyras, The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; his portrait by an anonymous artist, Archivio Storico, Università di Bologna; his portrait, Biblioteca Classense, Ravenna, Istituto per i beni artistici culturali e naturali della Regione Emilia-Romagna; his portrait, Abbey of Corvey, Farbdiaarchiv zur Wand- und Deckenmalerei; his portrait with Cardinal Silvio Valenti Gonzaga by Giuseppe Maria Crespi, called Lo Spagnuolo, Pietro Metastasio; his potrait by Giuseppe Maria Crespi, called Lo Spagnuolo, Web Gallery of Art; commemorative plaque in the house where he was born, piazza Rossini, Bologna, Chi era costui?; his bust by Pietro Bracci, Staatliche Museen, Berlin, La Scultura Italiana; his bust by an anonymous artist, Palazzo Tozzoni, Bologna, Istituto per i beni artistici culturali e naturali della Regione Emilia-Romagna; his monument in the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Rome, ArtServe, The Australian National University; forty nine of his medals, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic.

(1) This is according to Rtizler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VI, 10; Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 2004, p. 19*; and Meluzzi, I vescovi e gli arcivescovi di Bologna, p. 475, indicate that he was crowned on August 22, 1740.

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(13) 5. FINY, Francesco Antonio (1669-1743)

Birth. May 6, 1669, Minervino, archdiocese of Naples. Son of Angelo Finy, a physician from Gravina, and his wife, Cinzia Troysi. His last name is also listed as Fini and Fino.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Gravina, and later, at La Sapienza University, Rome (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, December 18, 1700). Received the ecclesiastical tonsure from the bishop of Gravina, who later recommended him to Cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P., archbishop of Benevento, future Pope Benedict XIII.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 31, 1692. Assistant of study in the court of Cardinal Orsini, O.P., archbishop of Benevento. In the archdiocese of Benevento, mansionari (beneficiary) of the metropolitan cathedral; canon, primicerius, and archpriest of its cathedral chapter; apostolic visitor; vicar for the monasteries of women; master of chamber of the archbishop.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Avellino e Frigento, July 6, 1722. Consecrated, November 15, 1722, Benevento, by Cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P., archbishop of Benevento, who granted him faculties to administer episcopal consecrations, July 18, 1723. He went to Rome after the election of Pope Benedict XIII, who asked him to stay at the papal court. Promoted to titular archbishop of Damasco, retaining the diocese of Avellino e Frigento, December 20, 1724. When Cardinal Niccolò Lercari was named secretary of State, he succeeded him as prefect of the Cubiculi of His Holiness, June 13, 1726. Resigned the government of the diocese, July 29, 1726. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, February 13, 1727.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of January 26, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Via, March 8, 1728. Opted for the title of S. Sisto, July 6, 1729. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Rumors that he had abused the trust and generosity of the late pope made Pope Clement XII name a congregation to investigate the charges; they all were found to be insufficient and vain and were dismissed. Opted for the title of S. Maria in Trastevere, September 3, 1738. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. Opted for the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, September 16, 1740. He retired to Naples, where he lived an edifying and exemplary life. Opted again for the title of S. Maria in Trastevere, March 11, 1743. He was very generous with the poor and assisted them with numerous alms.

Death. April 5, 1743, Naples, where he had traveled to recover from his illness. Exposed and buried in the church of Gesù nuovo, of the Society of Jesus, Naples, with a magnificent epitaph.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 222-223; Notizie per l'anno bissestile 1752. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1752, p. 124-125, no. 18; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 37, 48, 51, 109 and 181; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 46, 47 and 48.

Link. Brief biographical data, in Italian, Pro Loco Minervino; his prosopography, in German, Requiem Datenbank; his portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his arms, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali.

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(14) 6. COZZA, O.F.M.Obs., Lorenzo (1654-1729)

Birth. March 31, 1654, Grotte di S. Lorenzo (later Grotte di Castro), near Bolsena, diocese of Montefiascone. His father died when he was seven years old; and his mother when he was thirteen.

Education. He was educated with the support of his relatives, who opposed his entering the religious life; he joined the Order of the Friars Minor Observants, in the Roman province, at the convent of SS. Trinità, Orvieto, 1669; took the name Francesco Lorenzo di S. Lorenzo. Studied philosophy in the Franciscan convent in Naples (theology); and in the Franciscan convents in Viterbo and S. Maria in Aracoeli, Rome (theology); obtained the title of maestro in teologia in 1691.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1677. In his order, lector of theology in the convent of Araceoli; lector of philosophy in the convent of S. Diego, Naples, 1676 (?); and lector of theology in the convent Viterbo, where he also became guardian; returned to the convent of Aracoeli as lector of theology and, later, in 1696, he became guardian. Confessor and theologian of Cardinal Urbano Sacchetti, bishop of Viterbo. Definitor of the Roman province of his order. Charged by the minister general with the visitation of the convents of Bosnia, Dalmatia, and Lombardy. Consultor of the S.C. of the Index and qualificatore of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition in the pontificate of Clement XI. Superior of the Roman province, 1704. Guardian of the Franciscan monastery of Jerusalem, 1709-1715 when he returned to Rome; while in the Holy Land, as vicar apostolic, he reconciled the Maronite Patriarch Jacobus Petrus of Antioch and his faithful with the Holy See. He was instrumental in the reconciliation and union with Rome of Patriarch Michele Capisoli of Alexandria in 1713. Vice-commissary general of his order by apostolic brief of Pope Clement XI in 1715. Elected minister general of his order in the chapter celebrated in Aracoeli, under the presidency of Pope Innocent XIII, on May 15, 1723, with 183 in favor votes and 108 against; he occupied the post until 1727. Assisted Pope Innocent XIII at his death in 1724. He was a prolific writer (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 9, 1726; received the red hat and the title of S. Lorenzo in Panisperna, December 16, 1726. Granted permission to continue as minister general of his order, December 9, 1726. Opted for the title of S. Maria in Aracoeli, Janury 20, 1727.

Death. January 19, 1729, at 1:30 a.m., in the convent of S. Bartolomeo all'Isola, Rome. Exposed in the convent's church, where the capella papalis took place the following day, and buried in that same church (2). He left his few possessions and rich personal library to that convent.

Bibliography. Betti, Umberto. I cardinali dell'Ordine dei Frati Minori. Presentazione di Alberto Ghinato. Roma : Edizioni Francescane, 1963. (Orizzonti Francescani. Collana di cultura francescana, 5), p. 70-71; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 223-225; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 36 and 47.

Links. Biography, in English; his image and biography, in English; his engraving by Jacques Coelemans, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving by Gaspare Massi, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his tomb in the church of S. Bartolomeo all'Isola, Rome, Requiem Datenbank.

(1) Among his published works are: Commentarii historico-dogmatici in librum S. Augustini "De hæresibus ad Quodvultdeum", Romae, Typis Georgii Plachi Caelaturam Profitemsis, 1707; Vindiciæ areopagiticæ, Romae, Typis G. Plachi , expensis D. L. Licca, 1702; Dubia selecta emergentia circa sollicitationem in confessione sacramentli, juxta apostolicas constitutiones ex probatis auctoribus digesta, atque discussa, Romae, typis Georgii Plachi, 1709; Commentarii historico-dogmatici in librum S. Augustini "De hæresibus ad Quodvultdeum", Romae, Typis Georgii Plachi Caelaturam Profitemsis, 1717; and Tractatus dogmatico-moralis de jejunio ecclesiastico in tres partes distributa ..., Romae, ex typ. Georgii Plachi apud Sanctum Marcum, 1724
(2) This is the text of his funeral inscription, taken from Requiem Datenbank, linked above:

D .    O .     M .
LAVRENTIO TT . S . MARIÆ DE ARACÆLI PRÆSB . CARD . COZZA
ORDINIS MINORVM
EXIMIÆ RELIGIONIS DOCTRINÆ AC PRVDENTIÆ VIRO
OB REM PRO CATH . ECCLESIA IN ORIENTE PRÆCLARE GESTAM
AC APOSTOLICÆ SEDIS IVRA VINDICATA
IN VRBE CLARO
DE LITTERARIA REPVBLICA
PLVRIMIS SACRÆ ERVDITIONIS VOLVMINIBVS EDITIS
OPTIME MERITO
MORVM SVAVITATE AC RERVM AGENDARVM PERITIA
OMNIBVS ACCEPTO
QVI
IN FRANCISCANO SODALITIO
PER OMNES HONORVM GRADVS PROBATVS
PLVRIBVS MAGISTRATIBVS
AC HIEROSOLYMITANA PRÆFECTVRA
MAGNA CVM LAVDE FVNCTVS
A CLEM . P . M . CISMONTANÆ FRATRVM SVOR . FAMILIAE
REGIMINI ADMOTVS
IN VNIVERSIS DEINDE SVI ORDINIS COMITIIS
ROMÆ ANNO MDCCXXIII HABITIS
PRÆSIDENTE INNOCENTIO XIII . SVM . P.
SVPREMVS TOTIVS FRANCISCANI CŒTVS
MODERATOR RENVNCIATVS
DEMVM A BENEDICTO XIII . P . M . INTER S . R . E . CARDINALES
OMNIVM BONORVM PLAVSV COOPTATVS
MOX MAGNÆ SPEI EREPTVS PVBLICO FERE LVCTV
LXXV . ANNIS NATVS DIEM EXTREMVM CLAVSIT
ANNO CHRIST . SALVT . MDCCXXIX
ALEXANDER CARD . FALCONERIVS EX TEST . FIDVCIAL . HÆRES
QVADRAGINTA ANNORVM AMICO
INGENTI ANIMO MŒRORE
M . P.

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(15) 7. SELLERI, O.P., Gregorio (1654-1729)

Birth. July 12, 1654, Panicale, diocese of Città della Pieve. Son of Bernardino Selleri and Eugenia Manichini. His baptismal name was Giuseppe. He lost his parents when he a child.

Education. He was raised and educated by his maternal uncle Arcangelo Minichini, who supported the youngster vocation to the religious life. He entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans), July 20, 1669, at the convent of Perugia, with the support of Bishop Reginaldo Lucarini, O.P., of Città della Pieve; he took the name Gregorio; made his solemn profession, July 25, 1670; studied at Collegio della Minerva, Rome (philosophy and theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, 1677 (?). Regent of the Dominican school San Tommaso, Naples. He was preceptor of Camillo Cibo, future cardinal. Lector at the school of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome, 1677. Lector and consultor at the Dominican convent in Naples, 1682-1692. Papal theologian and assistant to the master of the Sacred Palace, 1692. Professor of Thomist theology at Collegium Casanatense, 1700-1707. Secretary of the S.C. of the Index, February 1707. Consultor of the S.C. of Rites. Master of the Sacred Palace, March 12, 1711. Confessor of Pope Clement XI. Contributed to the final condemnation of Jansenism in the bull Unigenitus Dei Filius (1). Confirmed in his posts by Popes Innocent XII and Benedict XIII. He participated as a theologian in the provincial Roman synod of 1725.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Agostino, May 10, 1728.

Death. May 31, 1729, at 3 a.m., in his house next to the church of S. Niccolò in Arcione, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, where the capella papalis took place the following day, and buried in that same church (2). He left all his possessions to the master general of his order.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 226-227; Palacio, Manuel. "Los cardenales dominicos." Avila, 1916; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 37 and 44; Walz, Angelus. I Cardinali Domenicani : note bio-bibliografiche. Firenze : Convento S. Maria Novella, 1940. Note : Extract from Memorie domenicane, fasc. maggio-giugno 1939; gennaio-febbraio e marzo-aprile 1940.

Link. Biography by Josef Johannes Schmid, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographischen Kirchenlexikons; biographical data by Giuseppe Catalani, in Latin, in De magistro sacri palatii apostolici, Google Books; his engraving by Gaspare Massi, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving by an anonymous artist, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; and his tomb, church of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome, Requiem Datenbank.

(1) He wrote Propositiones a Sanctissimo Domino Nostro Clemente Papa XI. damnatæ in Bulla Unigenitus Dei Filius, quas ... Apostolic judicii censura, merito confixas fuisse ostendit Frater Gregorius Seelleri Ordinis Prædicatorum & c. 8 volumes, Romæ, Guarnacci, 1718.
(2) This is the text of the incription in his tomb, taken from Requiem Datenbank:

D    O    M
FR. GREGORII SELLERI PERUSINI ORD. PRÆD.
CASANATENSIS CATHEDRATICI
SAC. CONGR: INDICIS SEGRETARII
PALATII APOSTOLICI MAGISTRI
CLEMENTI XI A CONFESSIONIBVS
INNOCENTIO XIII ACCEPTISSIMI
BENEDICTO XIII
EIUSDEM ORDINIS PROMOVENTE
TIT. S. AUGUSTINI PRESBYTERI CARDINALIS
MORIBUS ET DOCTRINA SPECTABILIS
CINERIBUS
RESURRECTIONEM FUTURAM IUSTORUM
EXPECTANTIBUS
PATRES CEONVENTUS S. DOMENICI DE PERUSIO
MŒRENTES ET GRATI PP.
VIXIT ANN. LXXIV . MENS . X . DI : XIX
OBIIT XXX MAII MDCCXXIX

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(16) 8. BANCHIERI, Antonio (1667-1733)

Birth. May 19, 1667, Pistoia. Son of Niccolò Banchieri, gonfaloniere of Pistoia, knight of S. Stefano, and Caterina Rospigliosi. Grand-nephew of Pope Clement IX on his mother's side. Nephew of Cardinal Giacomo Rospigliosi (1667); and Felice Rospigliosi (1673), also on his mother's side. Uncle of Cardinals Giacomo Oddi (1743) and Giovanni Francesco Banchieri (1753). Grand-uncle of Cardinal Niccolò Oddi (1766).

Education. Initial studies at Collegio Tolomei, Siena, 1679; he then went to Rome and studied at Seminario Romano (philosophy and theology; later, on July 10, 1692, obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, in Rome.

Early life. Went to Rome during the pontificate of Pope Innocent XII. Protonotary apostolic participantium, June 27, 1692. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, July 16, 1692 until 1725. Relator of the S.C. of the Sacred Consulta. Consultor of the S.C. of Rites. Acting secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide in the absence of Secretary Agostino Fabroni, July 1702. Consistorial lawyer. Vice-legate in Avignon, December 23, 1702 until August 8, 1706. In 1706, the pope was going to name him nuncio before the king of France but Msgr. Banchieri excused himself for urgent motives (he did not want to be ordained a priest). Secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, May 1706. Assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Roman and Universal Inquisition, August 1707. Secretary of the S.C. of the Sacred Consulta, October 3, 1712 until 1724. Member of the Special Congregation, which dealt with Riflessioni morali sul Nuovo Testamento of Jansenist Pasquale Quesnel, Orat., 1712-1713. Governor of Rome and vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, September 30, 1724 until April 30, 1728.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere, May 10, 1728. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. Secretary of State and prefect of the S.C. of the Sacred Consulta, July 15, 1730 until his death. In 1730, he was member of the Congregation "De nonnullis", which dealt with the allegations against Cardinal Niccolo Coscia. Prefect of the S. Casa di Loreto, of the city of Fermo and of the Comtat Venaissin. He suffered an apoplexy toward the end of July 1733; apparently recovered, he retired to Pistoia the following August 29, but died two weeks later.

Death. September 16, 1733, at 7:30 p.m., Pistoia, while recovering from an illness. Exposed and buried in the Jesuit church of Santissimo Nome di Gesù, Pistoia.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 227-228; Del Re, Niccolò. La Curia romana : lineamenti storico giuridici. 4th ed. aggiornata ed accresciuta. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, p. 89; Del Re, Niccolò. Monsignor governatore di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romani Ediotres, 1972, p. 113; Notizie per l'anno 1736. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1736, p. 201-202, no. 10; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 37-38 and 55; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), I, 78; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 134, 361 and 471.

Link. His portrait by Agostino Masucci, Prosopography, Requiem Datenbank; his portrait by Agostino Masucci, Galleria Pallavicini, Rome, iccd immagini, Beni Culturali, Fototeca Nazionale; and his engraving by Marco Antonio Franceschini, based on a portrait by Pietro Nelli, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

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(17) 9. COLLICOLA, Carlo (1682-1730)

Birth. May 31 (or June 1), 1682, Spoleto. Of a noble family from castello Montesanto.

Education. Initial studies in Rome; then, he studied at La Sapienza University, also in that city, where he obtained a doctorate in law in 1707.

Early life. Protonotary apostolic participantium, May 22, 1706. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, January 15, 1707. Acting secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, several times: December 1710; March 1711; and January to April (or July) 1717. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, December 10, 1712. President delle Grascia from January 1715. Pro-treasurer general of the Apostolic Chamber, January 21, 1718. Becuase of the illness of Msgr. d'Aste, he was named acting prefect of Castello Sant'Angelo and superintendent general delle Galere, dei Porti e Torri maritime from February 1718 until May 1728. Treasurer general of the Apostolic Chamber and prefect delle Marina, February 3, 1721 until his promotion to the cardinalate. As prefect delle Marina, he cleaned Lake S. Felicita and the port of Civitavecchia as plaques posted in them testify.

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 9, 1726; published in the consistory of April 30, 1728; received the red hat and the title of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, May 10, 1728. On December 13, 1727, he was named a vita libero e indipendente administrator of the land of San Felice Circeo, which had been purchased by the Apostolic Chamber in 1720. Participated in the conclave of 1730, which elected Pope Clement XII. He restored the bridge of Sant'Angelo in Rome, which was almost in ruins at both ends. He contracted an eye illness caused by the reflection of the sun in the waters of the Tiber river, which almost blinded him for life.

Death. October 20, 1730, at 4 a.m., Rome. His body was transferred in the afternoon to the church della Madonna Ss.ma del Carmine di Monte Santo al Popolo, Rome, where the funeral took place the following day; and buried in his family's tomb in that same church, without any funeral eulogy.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 228-229; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen V (1667-1730). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1952, pp. 38 and 54; Weber, Christoph. Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie. 3 vols. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 2003-2004. (Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31/1, 31/2, 31/3; Variation: Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31), II, 552.

Links. Il Cardinal Collicola amministratore a vita del Circeo, in Italian, Storia e leggenda del Circeo; the portrait by Francesco Bertosi, Pinacoteca di Spoleto; his prosopography, in German, Requiem Datenbank; his engraving by Marco Antonio Franceschini, based on a portrait by Pietro Nelli, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

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