The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Clement XII (1730-1740)
Consistory of September 30, 1739 (XV)
Celebrated in Rome


(34) 1. COLONNA, Prospero (1672-1743)

Birth. November 17, 1672, Castle di Marino, near Rome. Second of the seven children of Filippo Colonna, Neapolitan and Venetian patrician, Roman noble and signore of Sonnino, and Cleria Cesarini, of the princes of Genzano. Cousin of Cardinal Carlo Colonna (1706). Great-uncle of Cardinal Nicola Colonna di Stigliano (1785). Other members of the family who were elevated to the cardinalate were Giovanni di San Paolo Colonna (1193); Giovanni Colonna (1212); Giacomo Colonna (1278); Pietro Colonna (1288); Giovanni Colonna (1327); Agapito Colonna (1378); Stefano Colonna (1378); Oddone Colonna (1405; later Pope Martin V); Prospero Colonna (1426); Giovanni Colonna (1480); Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore (1565); Ascanio Colonna (1586); Girolamo Colonna (1627); Girolamo Colonna di Sciarra (1743); Prospero Colonna di Sciarra (1743); Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore (1759); and Pietro Colonna (1766), who took the last name Pamphili.

Education. Intial studies at home; later, he attended at La Sapienza University, Rome, where he obtained a dcotorate.

Early life. Protonotary apostolic, March 1692; later, dean of the College of Protonotaries. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, June 26, 1694. Protonotary apostolic participantium, June 1694. Vice-legate in Ferrara, December 9, 1702. Vicar of the patriarcal Lateran basilica, December 22, 1700. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, May 1706; took possession on October 11, 1706. Governor of Castro, which was administer by the Apostolic Chamber, in 1707. Presidente delle Ripe, in 1711. President delle Acque on May 2, 1717. Governor of the Tower of Arnolfe, 1718; and of Cesi, January 1719. Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber, November 14, 1721.

Sacred orders. Received the diaconate on October 16, 1729.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of September 30, 1739; received the red hat and the deaconry of Ss. Angelo in Pescheria, November 16, 1739. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV.

Death. Monday March 4, 1743, near 9 p.m., of an apoplexy, Rome (1). Exposed in the basilica of Ss. XII Apostoli, Rome, where the capella papalis took place on March 6; in the afternoon, his body was transferred privately to the patriarchal Lateran basilica and buried in the chapel of his family, where is located the choir of winter of that basilica's chapter.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 299; Notizie per l'anno bissestile 1752. Rome : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, presso S. Marco al Corso, 1752, p. 124, no. 17; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 9 and 50; Seidler, Sabrina M.; Weber, Christoph. Päpste und Kardinäle in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts (1730-1777) : das biographische Werk des Patriziers von Lucca Bartolomeo Antonio Talenti. Frankfurt am Main ; New York : Peter Lang, 2007. (Beiträge zur Kirchen- und Kulturgeschichte, Bd. 18), p. 246-257; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7), pp. 253 and 589-590.

Links. His genealogy, A2, Libro d'Oro della Nobilità Mediterranea; and his engraving by Girolamo Rossi, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek.

(1) This is according to Notizie per l'anno bissestile 1752, p. 124, no. 17; Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VI, p. 9; and his genealogy, linked above. Seidler, Päpste und Kardinäle in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts (1730-1777), p. 247, says that he died in the morning of March 3, 1743, adding that when his assistant entered his chamber, he found the cardinal in the middle of the same, on the floor, without any signs of life. It says that the cardinal was seventy years, three months and fourteen days old.

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(35) 2. SACRIPANTE, CARLO MARIA (1689-1758)

Birth. September 11, 1689, Rome. Of a noble and patrician family originally from Narni. Eldest of the ten children of Filippo Sacripante, consistorial advocate, and Vincenza Maria Vituzzi, from Narni. His last name is also listed as Sacripanti. Nephew of Cardinal Giuseppe Sacripante (1695).

Education. (No information found).

Early life. Coadjutor of his father as consistorial advocate. In 1714, after the death of his father in April of that year, he became fiscal advocate of the Roman Church. He was declared advocate of the Roman people in 1718. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, 1718. Voter of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Justice, October 1718. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber February 1721; as such, he was president delle Carceri; and later, in 1725, governor of Cesi. President delle Ripe, December 1729. Elected by the Sacred College of Cardinals in February 1730, during the vacant see, pro-treasurer general of the Apostolic Chamber; confirmed in the post by the new Pope Clement XII. In 1738 he published the new Raccolta, rinovazione, e dichiarazione dei bandi, ordini, e provvisioni in diversi tempi emanate sopra le dogane generali di Roma, collecting in one volume what until then had been confusing and scattered information and documentation concerning the Treasury; the work was approved by the pope by means of a chirograph.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of September 30, 1739. Granted dispensation to be a cardinal without having received the subdiaconate and diaconate, October 2, 1739. Received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro, November 16, 1739. Participated in the conclave of 1740, which elected Pope Benedict XIV. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, May 29, 1741.

Sacred orders. Received the subdiaconate, May 13, 1742; and the diaconate, May 15, 1742. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria ad Martyres, April 10, 1747.

Priesthood. Ordained, end of December 1750 or beginning of January 1751; celebrated his first mass on January 6, 1751 in his chapel (1). Opted for the order of priests and the title of S. Anastasia, February 1, 1751.

Episcopate. Opted for the order of bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati, January 12, 1756. Consecrated, January 25, 1756, Rome, by Cardinal Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, O.C.D., vicar of Rome. Pro-prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council, January 1757, after the resignation of Cardinal Spinelli, also a pro-prefect, and before Cardinal Giovanni Giacomo Millo took possession as the new prefect. Participated in the conclave of 1758, which elected Pope Clement XIII. Unhappy with the election of the new pope, he retired to Narni, where he died shortly after.

Death. November 4, 1758, Narni. Exposed in the cathedral of Narni; and buried in his family's tomb in the chapel of Blessed Lucia da Narni, in that cathedral.

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. 9 vols. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1794, VIII, 299-300; Notizie per l'anno1763. In Roma MDCCLXIII : Nella Stamperia del Chracas, p. 126, no. 3; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 9, 41, 51 and 52; Seidler, Sabrina M.; Weber, Christoph. Päpste und Kardinäle in der Mitte des 18. Jahrhunderts (1730-1777) : das biographische Werk des Patriziers von Lucca Bartolomeo Antonio Talenti. Frankfurt am Main ; New York : Peter Lang, 2007. (Beiträge zur Kirchen- und Kulturgeschichte, Bd. 18), p. 388-389; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), IV, 850.

Links. Biography, in Italian, diocese of Frascati his engraving by Pietro Antonio Pazzi, Colecções digitalizadas, Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal; his engraving by Pietro Antonio Pazzi, Biblioteca comunale dell'Archiginnasio, Bologna.

(1) This is according to Gazzeti bolognesi, January 12, 1751. Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VI, 9, note 87, citing Diario di Roma, 5256, p. 10, says that he celebrated his first mass on March 21, 1751.

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