The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius VI (1775-1799)
Consistory of May 29, 1775 (II)


(3) 1. BANDI, Giovanni Carlo (1709-1784)

Birth. July 17, 1709 (1), Cesena. Eldest of the seven children of Francesco Bandi and Camilla Zangheri. The other children were Maria Colomba, Margherita Felice, Giuseppe, Anna Teresa, Elisabetta, and Anna Margherita. Uncle of Pope Pius VI on his mother's side. His first name is also listed as Giancarlo.

Education. Studied at the University of Fermo, where he obtained a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, on December 9, 1734.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 18, 1734. Canon and prebendary of the collegiate church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, Rome. Auditor of Cardinal Tommaso Ruffo, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Vicar general of the suburbicarian diocese of Ostia only.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Botri and appointed suffragan of Ostia e Velletri, December 18, 1744. Consecrated, December 28, 1744, Rome, by Cardinal Carlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini, assisted by Giovanni Andrea Tria, titular archbishop of Tiro, and by Gherardo Antonio Volpe, bishop of Nocera de' Pagani. Transferred to the see of Imola, March 20, 1752. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, March 26, 1752.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of May 29, 1775; published in the consistory of September 11, 1775; the pope sent him the red biretta with an apostolic brief dated September 27, 1775, with Ablegato apostolic Aurelio Roverella; received the red hat on November 16, 1775; and the title of S. Maria del Popolo, December 18, 1775. He built the cathedral of Imola. He hosted Pope Pius VI during his trip to Vienna in 1782; in that occasion, the pontiff consecrated the new cathedral.

Death. March 23, 1784 (2), Imola. Exposed and buried in the cathedral of Imola.

Bibliography. Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, IV, 85-86; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 31, 46, 128 and 243; Weber, Christoph and Becker, Michael. Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte. 6 v. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 1999-2002. (Päpste und Papsttum, Bd. 29, 1-6), I, 79.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his portrait by Giovanni (Gian) Domenico Porta, Museo di Roma; his engraving and portrait by Agostino Plachesi and Antonio Capellan respectively, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait by Agostino Plachesi, Pinacoteca Comunale di Cesena, Istituto per i beni artistici culturali e naturali della Regione Emilia-Romagna; Cronotassi dei Vescovi di Imola, in Italian, diocese of Imola, Italy.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, VI, 128; and Weber, Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte, I, 79. Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, IV, 85, says that he was born on July 17, 1700.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, VI, 31 and 46; and Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, IV, 85. Weber, Genealogien zur Papstgeschichte, I, 79, says that he died in 1785.

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