The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius VI (1775-1799)
Consistory of December 16, 1782 (XI)


(32) 1. CAPECE ZURLO, Theat., Giuseppe Maria (1711-1801)

Birth. January 3, 1711, Monteroni, archdiocese of Bari. Of the noble family of the princes of Zurlo. Youngest of the six children of Prince Giacomo Capece Zurlo and Ippolita Sambiase. The other siblings were Giovanni Antonio, Beatrice, Vittoria, Nicola and Giovanna. His last name is also listed as Capicio.

Education. Studied at the Theatine school of S. Paolo, Naples, from 1722; entered the Congregation of the Clerics Regular Theatines; professed, January 6, 1727 (1). Received the diaconate, February 28, 1733. Studied philosophy and theology in Theatine houses of study, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 19, 1733. In his order, lector of philosophy, House Ss. Apostoli, for nine years; lector of theology; minister; consultor; vice-provost and lector of philosophy, House S. Silvestro, Rome. When he was going to be elected procurator general of his order in 1756, the pope promoted him to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Calvi, May 24, 1756. Consecrated, May 27, 1756, Rome, by Cardinal Giuseppe Spinelli.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of December 16, 1782; received the red hat on December 19, 1782; and the title of S. Bernardo alle Terme on February 17, 1783. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Naples, December 16, 1782; and at the same time, named abbot commendatario of S. Angelo a Procida. Brother and benefactor of the Augustissima Arciconfraternita della SS. Trinità dei Pellegrini. Decorated by King Ferdinando IV of Sicily with the grand cross of the Constantinian Order of San Giorgio in 1783; and named knight and grand chevalier of the Order of San Gennaro in 1790. In 1799 tried to avoid the popular uprising encouraged by the reaction Sanfediste organized by Cardinal Fabrizio Dionigi Ruffo against the revolutionary army of French General Championnet. Because of his opposition, he was exiled to the monastery of Montevergine, Naples, in August 1799. Did not participate in the conclave of 1799-1800, which elected Pope Pius VII.

Death. December 31, 1801, monastery of Montevergine, Naples. At his death, the cardinal was assisted by abbot general and ordinary Eugenio Maria Mauro da Palma and by his confessor Benedetto Jacenna. Exposed and buried in that monastery. Transferred to the metropolitan cathedral of Naples, June 26, 1806, where a funeral took place on July 5, 1806. The funeral oration was delivered by Canon Gioacchino Puti. Buried in his family's chapel, dedicated to the Guardian Angel, in the Theatine church of S. Paolo, Naples. His nephew erected a magnificent cenotaph in his memory with his statue sculpted by Giuseppe Sammartino and the elogy of Canon Francesco de Rossi (2).

Bibliography. Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, VIII, 45; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 33-34, 42, 141 and 304; Zigarelli, Daniello Maria. Biografie dei vescovi e arcivescovi della chiesa di Napoli con una descrizione del clero, della cattedrale, della basilica di s. Restituta e della cappella del tesoro di s. Gennaro. Napoli: Tipografico di G. Gioja, 1861, pp. 241-260.

Links. Biography, in Italian, diocesi di Teano-Calvi, Comune di Calvi Risorta; biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; biography, in English, Wikipedia; his genealogy, A2 B6 D4 K1 L6, Libro d'Oro della Nobiltà Mediterranea; his portrait by Angelo Mozzillo (1780), cathedral of Calvi; his arms, tomb, portrait and biographical information, in Italian, Famiglia Capece Zurlo, Nobili Napolitani; his portrait by G.D. Cignaroli, archdiocese of Naples; his portrait (1790), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait (1800), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait by Vincenzo Milione (1783), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait (1790), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait (1800), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait (1782), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait, attributed to Vincenzo Milione (1784), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his portrait, Araldica Vaticana; his portrait (1800), Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving by Carlo Antonini, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving by Carlo Antonini, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his funeral monument (lateral view, Theatine church of S. Paolo, Naples, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his epitaph, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; chapel of the Guardian Angel, church of S. Paolo, Naples, Napoligrafia; .

(1) According to Zigarelli, Biografie dei vescovi e arcivescovi della chiesa di Napoli, p. 260, he was the 1405th professed member of the order; its 146th bishop; its 80th archbishop; its 7th cardinal; and its 4th archbishop of Naples.
(2) This is the text of inscription placed on the base of his statue, composed by Canon Francesco Rossi, taken from Zigarelli, Biografie dei vescovi e arcivescovi della chiesa di Napoli, p. 259:

HIC. JACET
JOSEPHVS. MARIA. CAPVCIVS. ZVRLO
QVI. INER. CLERICOS. REGVLARES. NOMEN. PROFESSVS
PROPTER. EGREGIAS. ANIMI. DOTES
METEMQVE. OPTIMIS. DISCIPLINIS. EXCVLTAM
AD. CALENAM. ECCLESIAM. EVECTVS
INDE. AD. NEAPOLITANVM. PONTIFICATVM
OMNIBVS. ORDINIBVS. PLAVDENTIBVS. TRANSLATVS
AD. ROMANAM. PVRPVRAM
INSIGNIQVE. ORDINIS. S. JANVARI. TORQVE. CONSPICVVS
CONSILIO. COMITATE. PRVDENTIA
ATQVE. EPISCOPALIBVS. VIRTVTIBVS. VNIVERSIS
IMMORTALI. SIDI. LAVDE. COMPARATA
OBIIT. PRIDIE. KAL. JANVARII. MDCCCI
AETATIS SVAE. XCI.

Cool Archive

(33) 2. FINOCCHIETTI, Raniero (1715-1793)

Birth. January 20, 1710, Livorno (1). Of a family owner of a large mercantile business in Livorno, of which city they became citizens in 1717; and nobles in 1770. Patricians of Pisa in 1740. Son of Jacopo Finocchietti-Fauloni. He had three older brothers, Gianpietro, Giuseppe Eugenio. His last name is also listed as De Finocchietti and Fauloni Finocchietti.

Education. Followed the appropriate studies for an ecclesiastical career.

Early life. Entered the Roman prelature as referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, January 31, 1737. Governor of Rieti, January 2, 1738. Governor of Orvieto, April 3, 1739. Governor of Spoleto, April 24, 1747. Governor of Ancona, September 19, 1749. Governor of Civitavecchia, June 19, 1751. Governor of Frosinone and Campagna e Marittima, February 26, 1755. Governor of Viterbo, February 10, 1758. Governor of Perugia, March 14, 1760. Governor of Marche, November 28, 1764. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, April 1775. Prefect of the Archives of the entire Papal States, May 1776. Abbot commendatario of S. Girolamo di Siena, July 1777. Auditor general of the Apostolic Chamber, February 1785. Abbot commendatario of S. Galgano di Siena, April 1787

Sacred orders. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal and reserved in pectore in the consistory of December 16, 1782; published in the consistory of December 17, 1787; received the red hat n December 20, 1787; and the deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria on March 10, 1788. Assigned to the SS. CC. of Bishops and Regulars, Consulta, Ecclesiastical Immunity, and Good Government. Protector of the Archconfraternity of SS. Sagramento in S. Maria ad Martyres. Opted for the deaconry of S. Agata in Suburra, March 30, 1789. He was ascribed to the patriciates of Ancona, Orvieto and Macerata. He fractured his knee while climbing the steps in the pontifical chapel to pay the customary obedience to Pope Pius VI. The accident caused a chronic illness and lack of appetite which eventually produced his death.

Death. Friday October 11, 1793, very early in the morning, of an apoplexy, after receiving all the sacraments, Rome. Exposed in the parish church of S. Andrea delle Fratte, Rome, where the funeral took place, celebrated by Cardinal Tommaso Antici, camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals; and buried in front of the chapel of SS. Sagramento in his deaconry On the following day, the monks of Monte Vergine, who had the charge of the church of S. Agata in Suburra, celebrated a solemn funeral. His nephew, Giacomo, son of Giovanni, placed an inscription in his memory.

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous les temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre .... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, col. 906; Forcella, Vincenzo. Iscrizioni delle chiese e d'altri edificii di Roma dal secolo XI fino ai giorni nostri. 14 v. in 7. Roma : Tip. delle scienze matematiche e fisiche, 1869-1884, X, 352, inscr. 587; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XXIV, 312; Notizie per l'anno MDCCXCVI. In Roma MDCCXCVI : Nella Stamperia Cracas, presso la fine del Corso, p. 37; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VI (1730-1799). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 35 and 50; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 118, 184, 220, 246, 91 324, 334, 389, 434 and 671-672 Weber, Christoph. Die päpstlichen Referendare 1566-1809 : Chronologie und Prosopographie. 3 vols. Stuttgart : Anton Hiersemann, 2003-2004. (Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31/1, 31/2, 31/3; Variation: Päpste und Papsttum ; Bd. 31), II, 615.

Links. His portrait, Cultura Italia, Ministero per i Beni e le Attività Culturali; his engraving by Carlo Antonini, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving by Carlo Antonini, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; Sommario storico delle famiglie celebri Toscane (1868), by Demostene Tiribilli-Giulian, volumen 2, in "Finochietti di Livorno", p. 7.

(1) This is according to Bertone, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 906; Tiribilli-Giulian, Sommario storico delle famiglie celebri Toscane, vol. II, p. 7, linked above; Forsella, Iscrizioni delle chiese e d'altri edificii di Roma dal secolo XI fino ai giorni nostri, X, 352, inscr. 587; and Notizie per l'anno MDCCXCVI, p. 37. Moroni, Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni, XXIV, 312; and Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, VI, 35, say that he was born on January 20, 1715.

Top Catalogs Home

©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.