The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius VII (1800-1823)
Consistory of May 16, 1803 (VI)
Celebrated in the Quirinale Palace, Rome


(36) 1. NORONHA, Miguel Carlos José de (1744-1803)

Birth. November 6 (or 15), 1744, Lisbon, Portugal. Fourth child of Alvaro de Noronha Castelo Branco, 5th count of Valadares, and Teresa Josefa de Noronha. His last name is also listed as Noronha e Abranches; Noronha e Silva Abranches; and Norognensis et Abrachensis.

Education. (No information found).

Sacred orders. Ordained (no information found). Canon archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Lisbon. President of the Royal Commission for the examination and censure of books.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 16, 1803; received the red biretta by brief of May 25, 1803; died before receiving the red hat and the deaconry.

Death. September 6, 1803, Lisbon. Exposed and buried in Lisbon.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 688; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 10.

Links. Brief biography, in Portuguese, in Os Cardeais Portugueses, under "D. MIGUEL DE NORONHA E SILVA ABRANCHES", patriarcado de Lisboa; brief biographical entry, in Portuguese, Wikipedia; his genealogy, in Portuguese, Geneall; his engraving by Pietro Mancion, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

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(37) 2. GAZZOLI, Luigi (1735-1809)

Birth. May 4, 1735, Terni. Of a noble family. Son of Paolo Gazzoli. Uncle of Cardinal Ludovico Gazzoli (1831). His last name is also listed as Gazola.

Education. (No educational information found).

Sacred orders. Received the insignias of the clerical character and two minor orders from Pope Clement XIII, October 8, 1758; the other two minor orders, July 14, 1759; subdiaconate, September 23, 1759; diaconate, March 27, 1762.

Early life. Domestic prelate of His Holiness. Privy chamberlain of Pope Clement XIII, 1759. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, January 24, 1762. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, November 28, 1765. Governor of Città di Castello, November 29, 1765. Governor of Ascoli, July 27, 1775. Governor of Ancona, January 19, 1781. Apostolic protonotary. Governor of Loreto, February 25, 1785. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. President of the hospital S. Michele, 1785-1789. Auditor general of the Apostolic Chamber, 1801-1803.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 15, 1801. Auditor of the Apostolic Chamber, 1801.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal in the consistory of May 16, 1803 and reserved in pectore; published in the consistory of July 11, 1803; received the red hat, July 14, 1803; and the deaconry of S. Adriano al Foro Romano, September 26, 1803.

Death. January 23 (1), 1809, Rome. Exposed and buried in his deaconry.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 399-400; Notizie per l'anno 1823, Roma : G.F. Chracas, 1823, p. 51; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 10 and 45; Weber, Christoph. Legati e governatori dello Stato Pontificio : 1550-1809. Roma : Ministero per i beni culturali e ambientali, Ufficio centrale per i beni archivistici, 1994. (Pubblicazioni degli archivi di Stato. Sussidi; 7) pp. 119, 125, 211, 283 and 691.

Links. Brief article, in Italian; his portrait, Fondazione CARIT (Cassa di Risparmio di Terni e Narni); and his engraving by Carlo Antonini, Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi, VII, 10. Notizie per l'anno 1823, 1823, p. 51, says that he died on June 23, 1809.

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