The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius IX (1846-1878)
Consistory of March 7, 1853 (VI)

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(28) 1. SCITOVSZKY, János
(1785-1866)

Birth. November 1 (1), 1785, Béla, diocese of Rozsnyó, Hungary (now Kosická Belá, archdiocese of Kosice, Slovakia). Received the sacrament of baptism on November 1, 1785; and the sacrament of confirmation in 1794.

Education. Received the insignias of the clerical character and the minor orders, February 2, 1805; subdiaconate, October 29, 1809; diaconate, November 1, 1809. University of Pest, Pest (doctorate in philosophy, October 25, 1808; in theology, April 2, 1813).

Priesthood. Ordained, November 5, 1809. In the diocese of Rozsnyó (now Roznava, Slovakia), professor and rector of its minor seminary; professor of philosophy and theology of its seminary for ten years; custodian canon of its cathedral chapter, 1819; assessor of its episcopal consistory; archdeacon of Tornen and of Iászoven; canon of the cathedral chapter, 1824.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Rozsnyó, January 28, 1828. Consecrated, March 25, 1828, Nagyvárad, by Franec Laicsak, bishop of Nagyvárad. Transferred to the see of Pécs, February 18, 1839. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Esztergom, September 28, 1849. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Pécs, ad arbitrium Summus Pontifex et Sedis Apostolicæ, November 23, 1849 to January 6, 1852. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1849.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, November 16, 1854.

Death. October 19, 1866, Budapest. Exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Esztergom, where the funeral took place on October 23, 1866, and buried in that metropolitan cathedral.

Bibliography. Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, cols. 1508-1510; "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, pp. 126-127; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 316 and 325; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 12, 48 and 528; Scitovsky, János. Decreta et acta Concilii Provinciae Strigoniensis, anno Domini 1858 a Dominica XVII. usque XIX. post Pentecosten (a 19. Septembris usque 3. Octobris) in primatiali Basilica Strigoniensi celebrati. Pestini : typis J. Beimel & B. Kozma, 1859; Tusor, Péter. Purpura Pannonica : az esztergomi "bíborosi szék" kialakulásának elozminyei a 17. században = Purpura Pannonica : the "Cardinalitial See" of Strigonium and its Antecedens in the 17th Century. Budapest : Róma : Research Institute of Church History at Péter Pázmány Catholic University, 2005. (Collectanea Vaticana Hungariae, Classis I, vol. 3), pp. 208, 209, 275-277, 278 and 329.

Links. Biography, in Hungarian, Magyar Elektronikus Könyutá; his engraving, arms and biography, in German, Wikipedia; and his engraving by Friedrich Gustav Adolf Neumann, Antiquariat Hille, Berlin.

(1) This is according to his biography in Hungarian, linked above; and Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux, col. 1508; "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876, p. 126, says that he was born on November 6, 1785; and Riztler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 325, indicates that he was baptized on November 1, 1785. In those days, it was customary to baptize the newborns as soon as possible, sometimes on the same day of their birth.

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(29) 2. MORLOT, François-Nicholas-Madeleine
(1795-1862)

Birth. December 28 (1), 1795, Langres, France.

Education. Collège of Langres, Langres; Major Seminary of Dijon, Dijon. Preceptor of the most distinguished families of Dijon.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 27, 1820, Dijon. In the diocese of Dijon, for many years vicar of the cathedral parish; vicar general, 1830; canon of the cathedral chapter, 1833.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Orléans, July 8, 1839. Consecrated, August 18, 1839, chapel of the Dames du Sacré Coeur, Paris, by Charles de Forbin-Janson, bishop of Nancy et Toul, assisted by Louis Blanquart de Bailleul, bishop of Versailles, and by Jean Lemercier, former bishop of Beauvais. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tours, January 27, 1843.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, June 27, 1853. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Paris, March 19, 1857.

Death. December 29, 1862, Paris. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Paris. His memorial is in the chapel of Saint Ferdinand in that cathedral.

Bibliography. Les archevêques de Paris (1622-2002). Paris : Letouzey & Ané, 2002, pp. 44-45; Berton, Charles. Dictionnaire des cardinaux, contenant des notions générales sur le cardinalat, la nomenclature complète ..., des cardinaux de tous less temps et de tous les pays ... les détails biographiques essentiels sur tous les cardinaux ... de longues études sur les cardinaux célèbre ... Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969, cols. 1250-1252; "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, p. 123; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 423-424; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, pp. 96 and 381; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 12, 51 and 441; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 564, 604, 618 and 620.

Links. Brief biography, in French, Le Bien Public; and his photograph by Eugène Franck, musée d'Orsay, Paris Réunion des musées nationaux.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted, except "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876, p. 123; and Weber, Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates, II, 604, which indicate that he was born on November 28, 1795.


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(30) 3. RECANATI, O.F.M.Cap., Giusto
(1789-1861)

Birth. August 9, 1789, Camerino. His baptismal name was Vincenzo Benedetto Giuseppe.

Education. Seminary of Camerino, Camerino. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor Capuchins, December 8, 1803, convent of Cingoli.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 22, 1812. Member of the comunity of the convent of Fabriano. For many years lector of philosophy and theology in the convent of Iesi. President of the Capuchin college for missions, Rome, September 30, 1843. Consultor of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, November 12, 1843; of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, June 8, 1844; and of the S.C. of the Inquisition, March 26, 1847. Definitor general of his order, 1844.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tripoli, July 3 (1), 1848. Consecrated, July 9, 1848, basilica of XII Apostoli, Rome, by Cardinal Antonio Francesco Orioli, assisted by Girolamo D'Andrea, titular archbishop of Melitene, and by Domenico Lucciardi, titular archbishop of Damasco. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Senigaglia ad beneplacitum Sanctae Sedis, August 22, 1848. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 13, 1852.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the title of Ss. XII Apostoli, March 10, 1853.

Death. November 17, 1861, Rome. Exposed in his title; the funeral took place on November 21, 1861 with the participation of Pope Pius IX, and he was buried in the Capuchin church of Ssma. Concezione, Rome, according to his will.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, p. 50; Ritzler, Remigium Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 12, 46 and 567; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 510-511, 537, 544, 565, 576, 581 and 611.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 567; Weber, Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates, II, 511, says that he was elected on July 13, 1848.

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31) 4. SAVELLI, Domenico
(1792-1864)

Birth. September 15, 1792, Speloncato, diocese of Ajaccio, Corsica. Son of Gregorio Maria Savelli and Agta Maria Arrighi. Of an aristocratic family which included Pope Honorius IV (1285-1287), and Cardinals Bertrando Savelli (1216); Giovanni Batistta Savelli (1480); Giacomo Savelli (1539); Silvio Savelli (1596); Giulio Savelli (1615); Fabrizio Savelli (1647); Paolo Savelli (1664).

Education. Seminary of Ajaccio, Ajaccio; La Sapienza University, Rome (doctorate in theology ad praemium, 1822; and ad honorem, 1825); praxis in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, at the S.C. of the Tridentine Council, 1825.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1816, Rome, by Luigi Sebastiani della Porta, bishop of Ajaccio. Vicar general in Cesena, ca.1827; and in Imola, November 23, 1829 to December 17, 1832. Referendary prelate, February 28, 1832. Apostolic delegate in Rieti, April 1, 1833; in Frosinone, 1834; in Perugia, 1838; and in Macerata, 1841. Cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, April 25, 1845. Pro-legate in the four legations, May 1846. Apostolic delegate extraordinary in Viterbo and Forlì, 1847. Pro-governor of Rome and director general of police, November 13 to December 29, 1847, when the post of governor was suppressed. Minister of Police, December 29, 1847 to February 1848. Fled to Gaeta with Pope Pius IX, 1848. Vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church, May 20, 1848 to 1853. Commissary extraordinary of the province of Campagna e Marittima, February 1849. Commissary pontifico of Marche, April 1849. Exercised the functions of minister of the Interior and of police during the triumvirato rosso, August 9, 1849 to 1850. Minister of Interior, 1850 to 1853.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro, March 10, 1853. President of the Consulta of State for Finances, July 4, 1853 to December 14, 1859.

Death. August 30, 1864, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Carlo ai Catinari, Rome, and buried in his deaconry, according to his will.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, pp. 124-125; Ciccolini, Stefano. Intorno a Domenico Savelli; Cardinale Diacono di S. Maria in Aquiro; breve comentario. Roma : Monaldi, 1865; Del Re, Niccolò. Monsignor governatore di Roma. Rome : Istituto di Studi Romani Editore, 1972, p. 129; Ritzler, Remigium Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 12 and 54; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 516-517, 537, 545, 567, 615, 618 and 643.

Link. The Savelli family by Norbert M. Borengässer, in German, Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon.

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(32) 5. CATERINI, Prospero
(1795-1881)

Birth. October 15, 1795, Onano, diocese of Acquapendente. Of a noble family. Son of Francesco Caterini and Maria Domenica Pacelli.

Education. Did all his studies in Rome.

Sacred orders. Ordained (no information found). Substitute secretary of the S.C. Consistorial. Secretary of the S.C. of Studies. Auditor Sanctissimi, March 1, 1841 to November 28, 1845. Canon of the pariarchal Vatican basilica. Assessor of the S.C. of the Inquisition, November 28, 1845.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria della Scala, March 10, 1853. Prefect of the economy of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide and of the Reverend Chamber of Despoilments, March 5, 1858 to 1860. Prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council, September 26, 1860 until October 28, 1881. President of the cardinalitial commisssion for the preparation of the First Vatican Council and president of the consulta for ecclesiastical discipline, 1867. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata, retaining in commendam the deaconry of S. Maria della Scala, December 18, 1876. Cardinal protodeacon. Secretary of the Supreme S.C. of the Universal and Roman Inquisition, December 21, 1876 until his death. Participated in the conclave of 1878, which elected Pope Leo XIII. He announced the election of Pope Leo XIII, but because of illness he could not crown the new pope.

Death. October 28, 1881, Rome. Exposed in his deaconry and buried in the chapel of the archconfraternity of the Most Precious Blood, Campo Verano cemetry, Rome.

Bibliography. Ballerini, Franco. Prospero Caterini, cardinale di Santa Romana Chiesa : brevi ricordi. Rome : Copi tipi della Vaticana, 1895; "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1903, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1903, pp. 175-176 ; Del Re, Niccolò. "I cardinali prefetti della Sacra Congregazione del Concilio dalle origini ad oggi (1564-1964)." Apollinaris, XXXVII (1964), pp. 138-139; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 12 and 55; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 449-450, 537, 544, 558, 615, 617, 619, 658, 674, 678, 692, 719, 741, 747, 753 and 758.

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(33) 6. SANTUCCI, Vincenzo
(1796-1861)

Birth. February 18, 1796, Gorga, diocese of Anagni. Son of Ascenso Santucci and Clorinda Mazzetti.

Education. Studied at Collegio Pamphilio, Rome.

Sacred orders. Ordained (no information found). Secretary of Cardinal Giacinto Placido Zurla, O.S.B.Cam. Minutante adjunct of the Secretariat of State, 1832-1844. Substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher, February 26, 1844. Substitute, ad interim, of the first section of the Secretariat of State, July 24, 1847. Secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs and substitute of the Secretariat of State, July 11, 1850 to 1853. Consultor of the S.C. of the Holy Office, 1851.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 7, 1853; received the red hat and the deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto, March 10, 1853. Opted for the deaconry of S. Maria ad Martyres, June 23, 1854. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1855. Prefect of the S.C. of Studies, November 14, 1856 until his death.

Death. August 19 (1), 1861, Rocca di Papa. Exposed in the parochial church of Rocca di Papa and buried in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, according to his will.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, p. 122; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 13 and 55; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 515-516, 536, 538, 566, 575, 581, 587, 606 and 617.

Links. The Santucci Family, and his portrait.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 13; "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876, p. 122; and Weber, Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates, II, 515, say that he died on August 29, 1861.

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