The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius IX (1846-1878)
Consistory of June 25, 1858 (XI)

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(52) 1. RODRIGUES DA SILVA, C.R.S.J.E., Manuel Bento
(1800-1869)

Birth. December 25, 1800, Vila Nova de Gaia, diocese of Porto, Portugal.

Education. Entered in the Congregation of the Canons Regular of St. John the Evangelist (Conegos de S. João Evangelista) at a very young age; professed in the Convent of Beato Antonio, Lisbon; after the novitiate, went to the school of his order in Coimbra; University of Coimbra, Coimbra (doctorate in theology July 30, 1826).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 11, 1826. In Coimbra, professor of history, School of Arts; for ten years professor of theology of its university; member of the executive council of primary and secondary education. Pastor in parishes of the diocese of Porto. Vicar capitular of Elvas; and of Castelo Branco, 1841 to September 10, 1844. Provisor and vicar general of Lisbon, 1844.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Mitilene and appointed suffragan of Lisbon, November 24, 1845. Consecrated, February 22, 1846, church of S. Vicente de Fora, Lisbon, by Cardinal Guilherme Henriques de Carvalho, patriarch of Lisbon (the co-consecrators are not known). Transferred to the see of Coimbra, with personal title of archbishop, March 15, 1852. Promoted to the patriarchal see of Lisbon, March 18, 1858.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 25, 1858; died before receiving the red hat and the title.

Death. September 26, 1869, Lisbon. Exposed in the patriarchal cathedral of Lisbon and buried in tomb of the patriarchs in the church of São Vicente de Fora, Lisbon.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, p. 130; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les potificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 808-809; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 267; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 15, 213 and 346; "Rodrigues da Silva (D. Manuel Bento)", Grande Enciclopédia Portuguesa e Brasileira. Illustrada com cêrca de 15.000 gravuras e 400 hors-textes a cõres. Lisboa; Rio de Janeiro : Editorial Enciclopédia, limitada [1936-60]. 40 vols., XXVI, 23-24.

Link. Brief biography, in Os Cardeais Portugueses, in Portuguese, patriarcado de Lisboa.

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