The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Pius IX (1846-1878)
Consistory of March 16, 1863 (XIII)

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(60) 1. TREVISANATO, Giuseppe Luigi
(1801-1877)

Birth. February 15, 1801, parish of S. Eufemia alla Giudecca, Venice, patriarchate of Venice. Received the sacrament of confirmation, November 21, 1808. When he was still a child, his family moved to the parish of S. Stefano; the pastor, Monsignor Angeli, directed him to the priesthood.

Education. Studied philosophy and theology at the Seminary of Venice, which had just been reopened at la Salute; in 1823, when he was still studying theology, he was asked to teach grammar to the students of the fourth year of humanities, due to the scarcity of teachers at the seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 13, 1824, Venice, by Giovanni Ladislao Pyrker, patriarch of Venice. In Venice, for many years, professor at its seminary; professor at the Imperial School of Santa Caterina; pastoral work in the parish of S. Stefano; canon theologian of its cathedral chapter in1841; prosynodal examiner; ecclesiastical censor; president of the Academy of Moral Theology S. Maurizio.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Verona, March 15, 1852. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Udine, September 27, 1852. Consecrated, January 16, 1853, Rome, by Cardinal Fabio Maria Asquini. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, May 23, 1854. Transferred to the patriarchate of Venice, April 7, 1862.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, September 22, 1864. Member of the SS. CC. of the Council, Ceremonial, Index and Indulgences and Sacred Relics. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870. Assisted in any way he could the Italian patriots incarcerated by the Austrian troops. He was a noted Orientalist and spoke nineteen Oriental and Ancient languages.

Death. April 28, 1877, Venice. Exposed in the metropolitan and patriarchal cathedral of S. Marco, and buried in the public cemetery of S. Michele, Venice. Had requested to be buried in the seminary next to his predecessors but the civil authorities denied permission. His mortal remains were transferred to the metropolitan and patriarchal cathedral of S. Marco, Venice, November 1957.

Bibliography. "Giuseppe Luigi Trevisanato" in "Sacro Collegio", Annuario Pontificio 1870. Roma : Tipografia della Reverenda Camera Apostolica, pubblicato li 2 Gennajo 1870, p. 80; Niero, Antonio. I patriarchi di Venezia. Da Lorenzo Giustiniani ai nostri gironi. Venice : Studium Cattolico Veneziano, 1961, pp. 188-194; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp.16, 51, 577, 584 and 587.

Links. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; brief biographical data, in Italian, third entry on page, Città di Mogliano Veneto; his arms, archdiocese of Udine; his portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(61) 2. DE LUCA, Antonino Saverio
(1805-1883)

Birth. October 28, 1805, Bronte, diocese of Nicosia, Sicily, and baptized on that same day. The youngest of the ten children of Vincenzo De Luca and Francesca Saitta. Received the sacrament of confirmation, June 24, 1819. His first name is also listed as Antonio.

Education. Studied at Real Collegio Capizzi, Bronte; at the Seminary of Monreale (English, French and German); at the Seminary of Naples; studied Latin and Greek in Palermo; also studied at the University of Louvain, Belgium (doctorate honoris in theology, November 23, 1839). Doctor in theology by apostolic brief, November 28, 1845.

Early life. Went to Rome in 1829. Private secretary of Cardinal Thomas Weld, 1833-1836.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 10, 1839, by Antonio Piatti, titular patriarch of Antiochia, in his private chapel in Rome. Founder and compiler of the bi-monthly journal Annali delle scienze religiose, 1835-1845. Consultor of the S.C. of the Index, 1836, and of Propaganda Fide, 1838. Substitute professor of fisica sacra, Roman Archigymnasium, 1838-1841. Consultor of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide and director of its typography, 1838-1840. Censor of the Academy of the Catholic Religion, Rome, 1840. Rector of the Irish College, Rome, 1840. Vice-president of the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles Academy, 1840-1845. In 1840, he was conferred a degree in theology ad honorem from the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, together with Jean-Baptiste Henri-Dominique Lacordaire OP., the renowned French preacher who re-established the Dominican Order in post-Revolutionary France. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, 1843.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Aversa, November 24, 1845. Consecrated, December 8, 1845, church of SS. Trinità a Montecitorio (no longer a church, it is the actual parliament building), Rome, by Cardinal Giacomo Filippo Fransoni, assisted by Giovanni Brunelli, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, and by Giovanni Battista Rosani, titular bishop of Eritrea. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, December 19, 1845. Promoted to the titular see of Tarso, December 22, 1853. Nuncio in Bavaria, December 24, 1853 (1). Nuncio in Austria, September 9, 1856 (2).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; the pope sent him the red biretta with an apostolic brief of March 16, 1863; the emperor imposed the red biretta in Vienna on May 15; the new cardinal left that city in September; received the red hat and the title of Ss. Quattro Coronati, October 1, 1863. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1863. Prefect of the S.C. of the Index, December 28, 1864 to 1878. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870; president alternate. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 21, 1873 to January 16, 1874. Participated in the conclave of 1878, which elected Pope Leo XIII. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, July 15, 1878. Vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church and Sommista of the Apostolic Letters, July 15, 1878 until his death; received in commendam the title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, July 15, 1878, proper of the office. Prefect of the S.C. of Studies, August 13, 1878 until his death.

Death. December 28 (or 29), 1883, of bronchitis, in his apartment at the Palace of the Chancery, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, Rome, where the funeral took place on January 3, 1884, at 11 a.m.; the funeral mass was celebrated by Giuseppe Macchi, auxiliary bishop of Palestrina. Cardinal Camillo Di Pietro, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College, imparted the final absolution. Present were Cardinals Flavio III Chigi, Carlo Sacconi, Luigi Maria Bilio, B., Tommaso Maria Martinelli, O.E.S.A., Domenico Bartolini, Lucido Maria Parocchi, Lorenzo Nina, Tommaso Zigliara, O.P., Francesco Ricci Paracciani and Pietro Lasagni. Buried in the chapel of the archconfraternity of Prezioso Sangue in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome. He had built while he was alive a funeral monument, designed by Giuseppe Prinzi, in the church of S. Lorenzo in Damaso, at the cost of 25,000 lire, next to the the tomb of Pellegrino Rossi, a renowned economist, politician and jurist, who was minister of Justice in the government of the Papal States under Pope Pius IX.

Bibliography. "Antonino de Luca" in "Cardinali defunti", La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1903, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1903, p. 178; De Luca, Gesualdo. Elogio funebre dell'eminentissimo e reverendissimo signore Antonino Saverio De-Luca cardinale della S.R. Chiesa ... : recitato nella chiesa matrice di Bronte dal r.p. Gesualdo De-Luca dell'ordine dei rr. pp. cappuccini. Milano : Tipografia di san Giuseppe, 1884; De Marchi, Giuseppe. Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956. Pref. di Antonio Samoré. Roma : Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1957, pp. 47 and 55; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 202-204; "Il funerale del Emo. De Luca" in L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, XXIV, n. 2 (January 3, 1884), p. 3; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VII (1800-1846). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1968, p. 100; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp.16, 45, 47-48, 49 and 537; Squicciarini, Donato. Nunzi apostolici a Vienna. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, pp. 215-217; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 456-457, 645, 656, 680, 688, 727, 742, 748 and 751.

Links. Biography by Giuseppe Monsagrati, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 38 (1990), Treccani; portraits, funeral monument and biography, in Italian, Associazione Bronte Insieme Onlus; his episcopal lineage by Charles N. Bransom, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 100; and Squicciarini, Nunzi apostolici a Vienna, p. 215; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 55, says that he was named on December 19, 1853.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VII, 100; and Squicciarini, Nunzi apostolici a Vienna, p. 215; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, pp. 47 and 55, says that he was named on June 16, 1856.

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(62) 3. BIZZARRI, Giuseppe Andrea
(1802-1877)

Birth. May 11, 1802, Paliano, diocese of Palestrina. Of a noble family. Son of Gonfaloniero Gregorio Bizzarri.

Education. Seminary of Palestrina, Palestrina; Archigymnasium of Rome, Rome (doctorates in philosophy and theology, July 12, 1824).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1824, Rome. Archivist of the Apostolic Penitentiary, 1829. Archivist and scrittore of the Apostolic Penitentiary, 1832-1836. Chamberlain d'onore in abito paonazzo, 1832. Undersecretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, 1837-1847. Qualificatore of the S.C. of the Holy Office, 1841. Referendary prelate, November 9, 1849. Canon of the patriarchal Liberian basilica. Protonotary apostolic de numero participantium, 1851-1854. Assessor of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, 1851. Pro-secretary of the S.C. of Bishops and Religious, 1851-1853; secretary, June 27, 1853. Consultor of the S.C. of the Holy Office, 1853. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, 1853.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Filippi, November 30, 1854. Consecrated, December 17, 1854, Rome, by Cardinal Gabriel della Genga Sermattei. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 9, 1855.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received the red hat and the title of S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni, March 19, 1863. Prefect of the S.C. of Indulgences and Relics, January 17, 1867. Worked in the preparation of the First Vatican Council, heading the Commission of Religious. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870; president alternate. Prefect of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars, August 31, 1872. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, January 16, 1874 to March 15, 1875. Opted for the title of S. Balbina, July 5, 1875.

Death. August 26, 1877, Rome. Buried in the public cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 16, 46, 48 and 453; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 440-441, 653, 680, 689, 718 and 741.

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(63) 4. LASTRA Y CUESTA, Luis de la
(1803-1876)

Birth. December 1, 1803, Cubas, diocese of Santander, Spain. Of a noble family. He is also listed as Luis Lastra Cuesta.

Education. Initial studies at Villacarriedo near Santander; University of Valladolid, Valladolid (doctorate in civil and in canon law, 1829). Received the subdiaconate, May 1828; diaconate, September 20, 1828.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 1828, Valladolid. Canon doctoral of the cathedral chapter of Burgos. Canon doctoral in the cathedral chapter of Toledo. Lawyer of the Council of Castille, 1830. Curate of the Military Orders. Canon doctoral of the cathedral chapter of Orihuela, 1831-1834. In the archdiocese of Valencia, 1834-1852, canon doctoral of its cathedral chapter; vicar capitular; provisor and vicar general, 1847-1852.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Orense, March 18, 1852. Consecrated, Sunday, June 20, 1852, church of S. Isidro, Madrid, by Giovanni Brunelli, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Spain, assisted by Tomás Iglesias Bácones, patriarch of the West Indies, and by Benito Forcelledo Tuero, bishop of Astorga. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Valladolid, August 3, 1857. Knight with Grand Cross of the Royal and Distinguished Order of Carlos III. Member of the Royal Academy of History. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Sevilla, March 16, 1863. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received the red hat, June 12, 1863; and the title of S. Pietro in Vincoli, July 12, 1867. Senator by his own right from 1868.

Death. May 5, 1876, Sevilla. Exposed and buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Sevilla.

Bibliography. Guitarte Izquierdo, Vidal. Episcopologio Español (1700-1867). Españoles obispos en España, América, Filipinas y otros países. Rome : Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica, 1994. (Publicaciones del Instituto Español de Historia Eclesiástica; Subsidia; 29), p. 193; Ramos, M. "Lastra y Cuesta, Luis de la." Diccionario de Historia Eclesiástica de EspañaDirigido por Quintín Aldea Vaquero, Tomás Marín Martínez, José Vives Gatell. Madrid : Instituto Enrique Flórez, Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, 1972-1975. 4 vols., and supplement, 1987, II, 1270-1271; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 16, 52, 134 and 580.

Link. The Lastra arms and last name, in Spanish.

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(64) 5. PITRA, O.S.B., Jean-Baptiste-François
(1812-1889)

Birth. August 1, 1812, Champforgeil, diocese of Autun, France

Education. Seminary of Autun, Autun. Joined the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines), 1842.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 13, 1836, Autun. Professor of rhetoric, Minor Seminary of Autun, 1836-1841. Entered the Order of St. Benedict, Monastery of Solesmes, January 14, 1842; professed, February 10, 1843. Prior of Saint-Germain, Paris, March 1843. One of the chief collaborators of Abbé Migne in the two Patrologiæ. Contributor to the newly founded periodical Auxiliare Catholique. Between 1845 and 1850, travelled throughout France, Switzerland, Belgium, Holland and England to help his priory solve its financial difficulties. Called to Rome in 1858; Pope Pius IX sent him to Russia on a scientific mission to visit its libraries in St. Petersburg and Moscow, July, 1859- March, 1860. Afterwards, made an official visit of the twenty Basilian monasteries in Galicia, Austria. Supervised the new edition of the liturgical books of the Greek Rite, prepared by the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, 1861-1862. He was a very well regarded archeologist and theologian.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received red hat and the title of S. Tommaso in Parione, March 19, 1863 (1). Following his promotion to the cardinalate, as his residence he chose the Palace of San Callisto where he continued to live the simple life of a monk as far as his new duties permitted. Opted for the title of S. Callisto, February 22, 1867. Librarian of the Holy Roman Church, January 19, 1869 until his death. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 15, 1875 to January 28, 1876. Participated in the conclave of 1878, which elected Pope Leo XIII.

Episcopate. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati, May 12, 1879. Consecrated, June 1, 1879, at the Sistine Chapel, Vatican, by Pope Leo XIII, assisted by Alessandro Sanminiatelli-Zabarella, titular archbishop of Tiana, auditor general of the Apostolic Chamber and president of the Vatican Judicial Commission, and by Francesco Marinelli, titular bishop of Porfireone, papal sacristan. Opted for the suburbicarian see of Porto e Santa Rufina and became sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 24, 1884. He was protector of the Cistercians, the Benedictine Congregation of France, the Benedictine Nuns of St. Cecilia at Solesmes and of Stanbrook in England, the Eudists, the Brothers of Christian Schools, the Sisters of Mercy of Saint Charles in Nancy, and the Sisters of the Atonement in Paris.

Death. February 9, 1889, at 6:30 p.m., in the convent of S. Callisto, Rome; of heart ailment complicated by pulmonary edema. Transferred to the basilica of S. Maria in Trastevere, Rome, on February 12, 1889 at 4:30 and after the absolution the body was taken to Campo Verano cemetery, Rome; and buried the following day in the chapel of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide. The funeral took place on March 16, 1889 at 10 a.m. in that same church; the mass was celebrated by Adolph-Louis-Albert Perraud, bishop of Autun, France; twenty-one cardinals were in attendance; Cardinal Luciano Bonaparte sent a representative because he was prevented from attending due to illness.

Bibliography. Battandier, Albert. Le cardinal Jean-Baptiste Pitra : évêque de Porto; Bibliothécaire de la Sainte Église. Paris : Sauvaitre, 1893; Cabrol, Fernand. Histoire du Cardinal Pitra, bénédictin de la Congrégation de France (Abbaye de Solesmes). Paris : V. Retaux, 1893; "Cardinali defunti." La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1903, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1903, p. 186; Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, pp. 449-450; L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, XXIX, n. 35 (February 12, 1889), p. 3; and XXIX, n. 40 (March 17, 1889), p. 2; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. ; Vogel, Cirillo. "Pitra, Jean-Baptiste." La Enciclopedia Cattolica, 12 vols. Città del Vaticano: Ente per l'Enciclopedia Cattolica e per il Libro Cattolico, 1949-1954, IX, col. 1584-1585; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 507-508, 656, 657, 680, 689, 718, 737, 747, 749 and 759.

Links. Biography, in English, biography, in Italian; another biography, in English; his picture, first one on the second row; and another image.

(1) It is said that the pope wanted to appoint Dom Prosper Louis Pascal Guéranger, abbot of Solesmes, but that when it was pointed out to him that the nomination would deprive the abbey of his famous abbot, he named Dom Pitra instead.

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(65) 6. GUIDI, O.P., Filippo Maria
(1815-1879)

Birth. July 18, 1815, Bologna.

Education. Seminary of Acquapendente, Acquapendent; entered the Order of Preachers (Dominicans); convent of S. Maria della Quercia, Viterbo; took his religious vows in 1834 (magister in theology); convent of Perugia; and convent of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained (no information found). Professor of philosophy and theology in Viterbo. Professor of theology, Collegio di S. Tommaso, Rome; and Collegio della Minerva, Rome. Primo cattedratico, Collegio Casanatense, 1851-1857. Professor of theology, University of Vienna, 1857-1863.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received red hat and the title of S. Sisto, March 19, 1863.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Bologna, December 21, 1863. Consecrated, January 17, 1864, Rome, by Pope Pius IX. Never received the regio exequatur and had to govern the archdiocese through vicars general. Participated in the First Vatican Council, 1869-1870. Resigned pastoral government of the archdiocese without ever having visited it, November 12, 1871. Opted for the order of cardinal bishops and the suburbicarian see of Frascati, retaining in commendam the title of S. Sisto, July 29, 1872. Prefect of the S.C. of Ecclesiastical Immunity and Jurisdictional Controversies, September 6, 1872. Resigned commendam, June 20, 1877. Participated in the conclave of 1878, which elected Pope Leo XIII.

Death. February 27, 1879, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Maria sopra Minerva; the mass was celebrated by Vincenzo Leone Sallua, O.P., titular archbishop of Calcedonia; and the absolution was given by Cardinal Camillo Di Pietro, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. Buried in the chapel of the Dominican Friars, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti." La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1903, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1903, p. 173; Meluzzi, Luciano. I vescovi e gli arcivescovi di Bologna. Bologna : Grafica Emiliana, 1975, (Collana storico-ecclesiastica; 3), pp. 515-517; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 16-17, 45, 53 and 153; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 473, 655, 679, 684, 727, 742, 748 and 750.

Link. Biographical data, in Italian.

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(66) 7. PENTINI, Francesco
(1797-1869)

Birth. December 11, 1797, Rome. Son of the representative of Empress Catherine II of Russia to Pope Pius VI.

Education. Seminario Romano, Rome; Collegio Romano, Rome.

Early life. Lieutenant of the guard of King Charles XIII of Sweden, 1813. Member of the escort of honor of Pius VII on his return from Paris to Rome in 1814 after the fall of Emperor Napoleon I of France. Entered the ecclesiastical career.

Sacred orders. Ordained (no information found). From 1814-1820, substitute of Privy Chamberlain particpantium Capaccini; and later, privy chamberlain participantium. Domestic prelate. Canon coadjutor of Canon Devoti in the patriarchal Liberian basilica, 1816. Ablegato apostolico, 1816. Referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, November 30, 1820. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, November 30, 1820. Relator of the S.C. of Good Government, 1820-1822. Second assessor of the criminal tribunal of the Apostolic Chamber, 1823-1828. Prelate adjunct of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council, 1825-1846. Auditor of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Justice, 1828-1830. Lieutenant of the civil tribunal of the Apostolic Chamber, 1830-1835. Cleric of the Apostolci Chamber, June 12, 1837-1863; its dean, 1847-1863. President of the Archives. President of Waters and Roads, 1847. Vice-president of the Council of State, January 14, 1848. Minister of Interior, February 22, 1848. President of the Commission of revision, 1850; resigned and retired to private life.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 16, 1863; received red hat and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, March 19, 1863.

Death. December 17, 1869, Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, where the funeral took place with the participation of Pope Pius IX; and buried in that same church.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti." La Gerarchia Cattolica e la Famiglia Pontificia per l'anno 1876. Roma : Tipografia dei Fratelli Monaldi, 1875, pp. 130-131; De Camillis, Mario. "Pentini, Francesco". La Enciclopedia Cattolica, 12 vols. Città del Vaticano: Ente per l'Enciclopedia Cattolica e per il Libro Cattolico, 1949-1954, IX, col. 1160; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 17 and 55; Weber, Christoph. Kardinäle und Prälaten in den letzten Jahrzehnten des Kirchenstaates : Elite-Rekrutierung, Karriere-Muster u. soziale Zusammensetzung d. kurialen Führungsschicht zur Zeit Pius' IX. (1846-1878). Stuttgart : Hiersemann, 1978. (Päpste und Papsttum; Bd. 13, I-II), II, 504-505, 654, 655, 671 and 678.

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