The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Pope Leo XIII (1878-1903)
Consistory of June 22, 1903 (XXVII)

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(141) 1. NOCELLA, Carlo
(1826-1908)

Birth. November 25, 1826 (1), Roma, Italy.

Education. Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of S. Apollinare, Rome (doctorate in utroque iuris, both canon and civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, September 2 (2), 1849. Faculty member, Pontifical Roman Athenaeum of S. Apollinare, Rome. Assistant to the secretary of Latin Letters. Secretary of Latin Letters. Canon of the patriarchal Liberian basilica. Protonotary apostolic de numero participantium, March 24, 1874. Secretary of Briefs to the Princes, December 5, 1884. Secretary of the S.C. Consistorial and of the Sacred College of Cardinals, March 21, 1892. Canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica.

Episcopate. Elected titular patriarch of Antioch, June 22, 1899. Consecrated, July 16, 1899, altar of the Chair of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Mariano Rampolla del Tindaro, secretary of State, assisted by Felix Maria de Neckere, titular archbishop of Melitene, economous and secretary of the Fabric of the patriarchal basilica of St. Peter, and by Casimiro Gennari, titular archbishop of Lepanto, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. Transferred to the titular Latin patriarchate of Constantinople, April 18, 1901.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903; received red hat and title of S. Callisto, June 25, 1903. Participated in conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X.

Death. July 22, 1908, Rome. Exposed in his title, S. Callisto; and buried in the chapel of the Reverend Canons of patriarchal Vatican basilica, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome (3).

Bibliography. "Carlo Nocella" in "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1914, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1913, p. 61; Daniel, Charles; Paul-Marie Baumgarten; Antoine de Waal. Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église. Paris : Plon, 1900, p. 679; LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les pontificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2007. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche), p. 687; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 42, 47, 107 and 224.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, STRONG>Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 107; and Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 679; "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1914, p. 61, says that he was born on November 26, 1826.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 107; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 679, indicates that he was ordained on September 8, 1849.
(3) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

MEMORIAE · ET · QVIETI
CAROLI · NOCELLA
CARD · TIT · CALLISTO
ANTEA · CANONICI · VATIC
QVI · VARIIS · MVNERIBVS · FIDELITER · FVNCTVS
ET · LITTERARVM · PERITIA · SPECTATVS
PIE · VIXIT · ANNOS · LXXXII
DEC · XI · CAL · AVG · A · MCMVIII

Note. The inscription indicates that he died in August but all the sources consulted say that he died in July.


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(142) 2. CAVICCHIONI, Beniamino
(1836-1911)

Birth. December 27, 1836, Veiano, diocese of Viterbo, Italy.

Education. La Sapienza University, Rome (doctorates in theology and in utroque iuris).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 18, 1859. Professor of literature in Vetralla. Resigned position and continued studies in Rome. Entered the "studio" of the S.C. of the Council; officer, 1872. Minutant, S.C. Propaganda Fide, 1875, in charge of the United States. Defender of the matrimonial bond, S.C. of the Council, 1883. Domestic prelate.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Amida and appointed apostolic delegate in Ecuador, Perú and Bolivia, March 21 (1), 1884. Consecrated, April 27, 1884, church of S. Maria dell'Assunta, annexed to the North American College, Rome, by Cardinal Luigi Serafini, assisted by Mario Mocenni, titular archbishop of Eliopoli, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Domenico Maria Jacobini, titular archbishop of Tiro, secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide. Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, July 4 (2), 1885. Transferred to the titular see of Nazianzo, January 11, 1894. Pro-secretary of the S.C. of the Council, October 22, 1895. Secretary of the S.C. of the Council, January 11, 1900.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903; received red hat and title of S. Maria in Aracoeli, June 25, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X. Prefect of the S.C. of Studies, March 11, 1910.

Death. April 17, 1911, Rome. Buried, Campo Verano Cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1914, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1913, pp. 62-63; Daniel, Charles; Paul-Marie Baumgarten; Antoine de Waal. Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église. Paris : Plon, 1900, p. 681; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 42, 50, 95 and 404.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 95; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 681, says that he was elected on March 12, 1884.
(2) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 95; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 681, says that he was named on August 4, 1889.


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(143) 3. AIUTI, Andrea
(1849-1905)

Birth. June 17 (1), 1849, Rome, Italy.

Education. Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome (doctorates in philosophy, theology and canon law).

Priesthood. Ordained, September 22, 1871, Rome. Secretary to Cesare Roncetti, internuncio in Brazil, 1876; later, chargé d'affaires. Attached to the secretariat for the affairs of the Oriental Church at the S.C. of Propaganda Fide. Privy chamberlain supernumerary. Transferred to S.C. of the Council. Secretary of the internunciature in Brazil, 1876; chargé d'affaires. Secretary of the nunciature in Bavaria, 1879; auditor, 1882. Auditor of apostolic delegation in India, 1886.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Achrida and appointed apostolic delegate in India, March 31, 1887 (2). Consecrated, May 1, 1887, cathedral of Bombay, India, by George Porter, S.J., archbishop of Bombay. Canon of the patriarchal Lateran basilica. Secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide, for the affairs of the Oriental rite, July 24, 1891 (3). Collaborated in the preparation of the encyclical concerning the union with the Oriental Churches. Nuncio in Bavaria, June 7 (4), 1893. Transferred to the see of Damietta, June 12, 1893. Nuncio in Portugal, September 26 (5), 1896. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, January 4, 1898.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X. Received the red hat and the title of S. Girolamo degli Schiavoni, November 12, 1903.

Death. April 28, 1905, of complications related to liver disease, in Rome. Exposed in the church of S. Giovanni dei Fiorentini and buried in the family tomb, Campo Verano Cemetery, Rome.

Bibliography. "Cardinali defunti." Annuario pontificio per l'anno 1914, Città del Vaticano : Tipografia poliglotta vaticana, 1913, pp. 58-59; Daniel, Charles; Paul-Marie Baumgarten; Antoine de Waal. Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église. Paris : Plon, 1900, p. 685; De Marchi, Giuseppe. Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956. Pref. di Antonio Samoré. Roma : Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1957, pp. 57 and 215; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 42, 48, 73 and 239.

(1) This is according to all the sources consulted except Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 685, which says that he was born on July 17, 1849.
(2) Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 73, says that he was elected archbishop and appointed apostolic delegate on the same day; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 685, says that he was elected archbishop on March 31, 1887 and that he had been appointed apostolic delegate on December 7, 1886.
(3) This is according to Ritzler, VIII, 73; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 685, says that he was named on February 2, 1892.
(4) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 73; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 57, says that he was named on May 16, 1893.
(5) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 239; De Marchi, Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, pp. 57 and 215; and Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 685, say that he was named on July 25, 1896.


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(144) 4. TALIANI, Emidio
(1838-1907)

Birth. April 19, 1838, Montegallo, diocese of Ascoli-Piceno, Italy.

Education. University of Rome, Rome (doctorates in theology and utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, October 20, 1861. Further studies, Rome. Secretary to Cardinal Carlo Sacconi. Privy chamberlain supernumerary. Auditor of the nunciature in Bavaria, May 16, 1869; chargé d'affaires, 1870. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, 1871. Auditor of the nunciature in Paris, 1875-1879. Referendary prelate of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, March 17, 1880. Protonotary apostolic participant, March 16, 1885. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, May 18, 1885. Vicar of the cardinal archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, 1889.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Sebastea, June 22, 1896. Consecrated, June 29, 1896, Rome, by Cardinal Lucido Maria Parocchi, vicar general of Rome. Appointed nuncio in Austria, July 24 (1), 1896. Commander of the Order of Albrecht of Saxony; of the order of Francesco I of Naples; and of the Order of Carlos III of Spain. Office of the légion d'Honor of France. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1903.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X. Received the red hat and the title of S. Bernardo alle terme, November 12, 1903.

Death. August 24, 1907, Montegallo. Exposed in the cathedral of Ascoli and buried in the family tomb in the cemetery of Ascoli.

Bibliography. Daniel, Charles; Paul-Marie Baumgarten; Antoine de Waal. Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église. Paris : Plon, 1900, p. 684; De Marchi, Giuseppe. Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956 . Pref. di Antonio Samoré. Roma : Edizioni di Storia e letteratura, 1957, p. 49; Ritzler, Remigium, and Pirminum Sefrin. Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi. Volumen VIII (1846-1903). Patavii : Typis et Sumptibus Domus Editorialis "Il Messaggero di S. Antonio" apud Basilicam S. Antonii, 1979, pp. 42, 47 and 506; Squicciarini, Donato. Nunzi apostolici a Vienna. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, pp. 236-238.

(1) This is according to Ritzler, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentioris Aevi, VIII, 506; Daniel, Rome; le chef suprême l'organisation et l'administration centrale de l'église, p. 684, says that he was named on August 1, 1896; De Marchi, Giuseppe. Le nunziature apostoliche dal 1800 al 1956, p. 49, says that he was named on July 18, 1896; and Squicciarini, Nunzi apostolici a Vienna, p. 236, indicates that he was named on July 12, 1896.


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(145) 5. HERRERO Y ESPINOSA DE LOS MONTEROS, Orat., Sebastián
(1822-1903)

Birth. January 20, 1822, Jerez de la Frontera, diocese of Cádiz, Spain, of an illustrious family.

Education. Doctorate in civil and canon law, Seville. Poet and playwright, wrote among others García el Calumniador and El Conde Fernán González. Collaborated in several newspapers as well as in the edition of Los españoles pintados por sí mismos. Joined the judicial branch. Entered the Congregation of the Oratory of S. Filippo Neri in Seville in 1856.

Priesthood. Ordained, 1860. Rector of the Seminary of Cádiz, 1861; canon of the "Colegiata" of Jerez de la Frontera in 1864; provisor and vicar general of the diocese of Cádiz in 1866 and in 1868; canon archpriest of its chapter.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Cuenca, September 17, 1875. Consecrated, November 30, 1875, Cádiz, by Félix María de Cádiz (José Félix Arriete Llano), O.F.M. Cap., bishop of Cádiz, assisted by John Baptist Scandella, bishop of Gibraltar, and by Vicente Calvo y Valero, bishop of Santander. Transferred to see of Vitoria, December 18, 1876; in June 1880, for health reasons, resigned pastoral government of the diocese and retired to Sanlûcar de Barrameda. Appointed bishop of Oviedo, March 27, 1882. Transferred to the see of Córdoba, March 15, 1883. Published a collection of religious poetry dedicated to Pope Leo XIII. In 1888, he was elected senator of the Spanish Kingdom. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Valencia, March 24, 1898.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X. Received red hat and title of Ss. Bonifacio ed Alessio, August 27, 1903.

Death. December 9, 1903, Valencia. Exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of Valencia and buried in its Chapel of the Immaculate Conception.

Bibliography. Echeverría, Lamberto de. Episcopologio español contemporáneo, 1868-1985 : datos biográficos y genealogía espiritual de los 585 obispos nacidos o consagrados en España entre el 1 de enero de 1868 y el 31 de diciembre de 1985 . Salamanca : Universidad de Salamanca, 1986. (Acta Salmanticensia; Derecho; 45), p. 42.

Link. Portrait and biography, in Spanish.


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(146) 6. KATSCHTHALER, Johannes Baptist
(1831-1914)

Birth. May 29, 1832, Hippach, diocese of Brixen (or Bressanone), Austrian Tirol.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Salzburg; and at the University of Salzburg, where he earned a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 31, 1855, Salzburg. Vicar of Rossen, 1857; vicar of St. Johann. Professor of the Seminary. Further studies, Salzburg. Faculty member, Theological Faculty, University of Salzburg, May 1, 1862; professor of ecclesiastical history, Innsbruck University, 1874. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Salzburg, 1880. Rector of Seminary of Salzburg, 1882.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Cybistra and appointed auxiliary of Salzburg, June 4, 1891. Consecrated, July 12, 1891, Salzburg, by Johannes Haller, archbishop of Salzburg. Dean of the metropolitan chapter of Salzburg, 1892. Elected archbishop by the cathedral canon of Salzburg, May 10, 1900. Confirmed by the Pope, December 17, 1900. The archbishops of Salzburg have the title of Primas Germaniæ since 1648.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X. Received red hat and title of S. Tommaso in Parione, November 12, 1903. Even before being a cardinal, he could wear the red habit as a privilege of his see. With papal approval, raised the Theological Faculty of Salzburg to University. Decorated with the grand cross of the Austrian Order of Sankt Stefan, 1911.

Death. February 27, 1914, Salzburg. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Salzburg (1).

Link. Photographs and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta;

IOANNES V. BAPT · KATSCHTHALER
CARD · PRINC · ARCHIEPP ·
MCM - MCMXIV


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(147) 7. FISCHER, Anton Hubert
(1840-1912)

Birth. May 30, 1840, Jülich, archdiocese of Cologne, Germany, from a very humble family. Son of Wilhelm Joseph Fischer, a teacher, and Anna Margareta Horrig.

Education. UStudied at the niversity of Bonn (philosophy and theology); at Akademia of Münster; at the Seminary of Cologne; and at the University of Tübingen, where he earned a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 2, 1863, Cologne. During 25 years taught with great distinction religion, Latin and Greek at the gymnasium of Essen. Pastoral work in the Catholic press. Professor of dogmatic theology, University of Cologne. Assistant to the auxiliary bishop in the administration of the archdiocese of Cologne. Named canon of the cathedral chapter of Cologne, 1883.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Juliopolis and appointed auxiliary of Cologne, February 14, 1889. Consecrated May 1, 1889, Cologne, by Philip Krementz, archbishop of Cologne. His episcopal motto was Omnibus prodesse obesse nimini. Elected archbishop by the cathedral chapter of Cologne by 13 votes of the 15 canons, November 6, 1902. Confirmed by the Pope, February 14, 1903.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 22, 1903; received red hat and title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo, June 25, 1903. Participated in the conclave of 1903, which elected Pope Pius X.

Death. July 30, 1912, after a long illness, Bad Neuenahr. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Cologne.

Links. Biography by Georges Goyau, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; his tomb, metropolitan cathedral of Cologne; his arms, photographs and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; Gymnasiallehrer, Weihbischof, Kardinal. 100. Todestag Erzbischof Antonius Kardinal Fischer, domradio.de, 30.7.2012.

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