The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Paul VI (1963-1978)
Consistory of June 26, 1967 (II)


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(28) 1. FASOLINO, Nicolás
(1887-1969)

Birth. January 3, 1887, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Of a family of Italian origin.

Education. Studied at the Metropolitan Conciliar Seminary, Buenos Aires; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy, theology and canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1909, Rome. Returned to Buenos Aires soon and was named vice-pastor of San José de Flores in 1911; occupied the post until 1916; later, professor of theology at the Catholic University; professor of Sacred Scripture and ecclesiastical history at the Center of Religious Studies. Successively, pro-secretary of the archdiocesan curia, 1913-1922; vice-chancellor of the archdiocesan curia of Buenos Aires; visitor general to the Youths Workers Association of Argentina; spiritual director of the Catholic Youth and of the Catholic League. Procurator of the College of Pastors of the city of Buenos Aires; commissary for the borders of the new parishes; secretary and chancellor of the archdiocesan curia of Buenos Aires, 1921-1922; pastor of Balvanera, 1922-1933; vicar general of the archdiocese of Buenos Aires, 1925-1926. Apostolic protonotary, July 19, 1928.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Santa Fe, October 20, 1932. Consecrated, December 21, 1932, Buenos Aires, by Filippo Cortesi, titular archbishop of Sirace, nuncio in Argentina, assisted by Santiago Luis Copello, archbishop of Buenos Aires, and by Fortunato Devoto, titular bishop of Attea, auxiliary of Buenos Aires. His episcopal motto was Narrabo nomen tuum fratribus meis. Promoted to archbishop when Santa Fe was elevated to the metropolitan rank, April 20, 1934. He founded the Catholic University of Santa Fe. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Beata Vergine Addolorata a Piazza Buenos Aires, June 29, 1967.

Death. August 13, 1969, Santa Fe. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Santa Fe.

Bibliography. "Cenni biografici dei nuovi porprati. Il cardinale Nicola Fasolino, arcivescovo di Santa Fé in Argentina." L'attività della Santa Sede nel 1967. Città del Vaticano : Tipografia Poliglotta Vaticana, 1967, p. 635.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, paraconocernos.com.ar (toward the middle of the page); and hisarms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(29) 2. RIBERI, Antonio
(1897-1967)

Birth. June 15, 1897, Montecarlo, Monaco. He was a lifelong friend of Giovanni Battista Montini, future Pope Paul VI.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Cuneo, Cuneo, Italy; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy) and at the Institute of Social Sciences, Bergamo.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1922, Rome. Further studies, 1922-1925. Attaché and secretary of the nunciature in Bolivia, 1925-1930. Honorary chamberlain of His Holiness, May 1, 1925. Counselor of the nunciature in Ireland, 1930-1934.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Dara, August 13, 1934. Consecrated, October 28, 1934, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, prefect of the S.C. for the Propagation of Faith, assisted by Giuseppe Pizzardo, titular archbishop of Nicea, secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, and by Carlo Salotti, titular archbishop of Filippopoli di Tracia, secretary of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. His episcopal motto was Sicut rivus aquarum in site. Appointed apostolic delegate to the African Missions dependent of the S.C. for the Propagation of Faith, with residence in Mombasa, East Africa, November 4, 1934. Charged with the assistance service of the Holy See to the prisoners of the war and the wounded soldiers during the Second World War, Rome, 1939-1946. Nuncio in China, July 6, 1946. Expelled by the Communist regime, 1951; nuncio in Formosa. Nuncio in Ireland, February 19, 1959. Nuncio in Spain, April 28, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Girolamo della Carità, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, July 25, 1967.

Death. Saturday December 16, 1967, of a lung infection, while conversing with some friends at the Institute of the Legionnaires of Christ, Rome, where he resided. Pope Paul VI personally paid his tribute to the late cardinal while the latter was laid out in state in the chapel of the Legionnaires' curia. He was buried in the tomb of his family in Limone-Piemonte. His remains were transferred to a lateral chapel in the Shrine of S. Antonio, in Limone-Piemonte, on September 15, 1973, in the presence of Domenico Enrici, titular archbishop of Ancusa, personally sent by Pope Paul VI to represent him. He was reinterred in a granite sarcophagus bearing the simple inscription:

CARDINALE ANTONIO RIBERI
1897 - 1967

Bibliography. Brender, Andreas ; Kierein-Kuenring, Mandred D. Catholic Hierarchy in China since 1307. Cluj-Napoca, 2012, p. 309-310 (Episcopal lineage).

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in English, Biographical Dictionary of Chinese Christianity; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Realism and patience by Vicente Cárcel Ortí, in English, L'Osservatore Romano, news.va, 2012-03-30.


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(30) 3. BELTRAMI, Giuseppe
(1889-1973)

Birth. January 17, 1889, Fossano, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Fossano; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome, where he earned doctorates in theology and canon law; and at the Royal University of Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in letters.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 5, 1916, Fossano. Chaplain in the Italian Army in the First World War, 1916-1919. Further studies, 1919-1923. Staff member of the Vatican Library, 1923-1926. Honorary chamberlain of His Holiness, July 14, 1924. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1926-1940. Lawyer for the causes of canonization and beatification in the S.C. of Rites, 1926-1940. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 9, 1926; reappointed, March 3, 1939.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Damasco and appointed nuncio in Guatemala and El Salvador, February 20, 1940. Consecrated, April 7, 1940, church of S. Carlo al Corso, Rome, by Cardinal Luigi Maglione, secretary of State, assisted by Gabriele Vettori, archbishop of Pisa, and by Angelo Soracco, bishop of Fossano. His episcopal motto was Illuminatio mea Dominus. Nuncio in Colombia, November 15, 1945. Papal legate to National Eucharistic Congress, Bogotá, June 29, 1946. Nuncio at the disposition of Secretariat of State, 1948-1950. Nuncio in Lebanon, October 4, 1950. Nuncio-internuncio in Holland, January 31, 1959. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Liberatrice al Monte Testaccio, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Lost right to participate in the conclave by being older than eighty years, January 1, 1971.

Death. December 13, 1973, of a sudden embolism, in Rome. In accordance with his wishes, he was buried at the cathedral of Fossano, beside the altar of S. Giovenale, patron saint of the city.

Bibliography. Restrepo Posada, José. "Galería de representantes de la Santa Sede en Colombia." Revista de la Academia Colombiana de Historia Eclesiástica, V (January-June, 1970), 241-242.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.

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(31) 4. PACINI, Alfredo
(1888-1967)

Birth. February 10, 1888, Capannori, archdiocese of Lucca, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Lucca.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1913, Lucca. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Lucca and faculty member of its seminary, 1913-1915; 1918-1924. Military chaplain during the First World War, 1915-1918. Honorary chamberlain of His Holiness, October 8, 1924. Secretary of the nunciature in Yugoslavia, 1924-1928; auditor, 1928-1933. Auditor of the nunciature in Poland, 1935-1944. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, September 3, 1935. Counselor of the nunciature in France, 1944-1946. Appointed nuncio in Haiti and Santo Domingo, April 23, 1946.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Germia, April 28, 1946. Consecrated, June 11, 1946, Paris, by Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, titular archbishop of Mesembria, nuncio in France, assisted by Louis Le Hunsec, C.S.Sp., titular archbishop of Marcianopoli, and by Stanislas Courbe, titular bishop of Castoria, auxiliary of Paris. His episcopal motto was Humilitas et pax. Nuncio in Uruguay, April 23, 1949. Nuncio in Switzerland, February 4, 1960. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, June 26, 1967; received red biretta and title of Ss. Angeli Custodi a Città Giardino, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967.

Death. December 23, 1967, in a Roman clinic, after suffering from a kidney infection. Buried in the tomb of his family in Campannori.

Webgraphy. Biography, in German, Wikipedia; his chronography, in English, Catholic Hierarchy; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(32) 5. GARRONE, Gabriel-Marie
(1901-1994)

Birth. October 12, 1901, Aix-les-Bains, archdiocese of Chambéry, France. His father was a tailor.

Education. Studied at the Pontifical French Seminary, Rome and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 11, 1925. Faculty member of the Minor Seminary of Chambéry, 1925-1926. Faculty member of the Major Seminary of Chambéry, 1926-1939. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Chambéry, 1926-1939. Officer in the French Army during World War II, and prisoner of war, 1939-1945. Rector of the Major Seminary of Chambéry, 1945-1947.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Lemno and appointed coadjutor of Toulouse, with the right of succession, April 24, 1947. Consecrated, June 24, 1947, metropolitan cathedral of Chambéry, by Émile-Maurice Guerry, titular archbishop of Acrida and coadjutor of Cambrai, assisted by Frédéric Duc, bishop of Saint-Jean-de-Maurienne, and by Alfred Ancel, titular bishop of Mirina, auxiliary of Lyon. His episcopal motto was Omne bonum a patre. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Toulouse, November 5, 1956. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Pro-prefect of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities, January 28, 1966. Transferred to the titular see of Torri di Numidia, March 24, 1966.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Sabina, June 29, 1967. Prefect of the S.C. for Catholic Education, and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University, January 17, 1968. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, June 27, 1977 until June 30, 1979. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the prefecture, January 15, 1980. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 12, 1981. President of the Pontifical Council for Culture, May 20, 1982. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Resigned the presidency, April 19, 1988.

Death. January 15, 1994, Rome. Buried, temporarily, Campo Verano cemetery, Rome, until the definitive tomb in the church of S. Luigi dei Francesi is finished.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 309-310.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(33) 6. O'BOYLE, Patrick Aloysius
(1896-1987)

Birth. July 18, 1896, Scranton, Pennsylvania, United States of America. Son of Michael O'Boyle, a steelworker who died when Patrick was ten, and Mary Muldoon. As the only surviving child, he had to help support his mother with odd jobs.

Education. Studied at Saint Thomas College, Scranton; at Saint Joseph's Seminary, Yonkers, New York; and at the New York School of Social Work.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 21, 1921, New York, by Patrick Joseph Hayes, archbishop of New York. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of New York, 1921-1926. Faculty member of the New York School of Social Work, 1932-1936. Executive director of the Catholic Guardian Society, New York, 1926-1933. Assistant director of the Children Care Department of Catholic Charities of New York, 1933-1936. Executive director of the Mission of the Immaculate Virgin, Mt. Loretto, Staten Island, 1936-1943. Privy chamberlain, of His Holiness 1941. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 21, 1944. Executive director of the War Relief Services, National Catholic Welfare Conference, Washington, D.C., 1943-1947. Executive director of the Catholic Charities of New York, August 1, 1947.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Washington, D.C., November 27, 1947. Consecrated, January 14, 1948, St. Patrick's cathedral, New York, by Cardinal Francis Spellman, archbishop of New York, assisted by John Michael McNamara, titular bishop of Eunemia, auxiliary of Washington, and by Henry Theophilus Klonowski, titular bishop of Daldis, auxiliary of Scranton. His epsicopal motto was State in fide. Assistant at Pontifical Throne, December 25, 1955. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. At the March on Washington in 1963, he delivered the invocation and stood with Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. on that day, when the latter pronounced the famous speech "I Have a Dream".Named metropolitan archbishop of Washington when the see was elevated to that rank, October 12, 1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Nicola in Carcere, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, March 3, 1973. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, July 18, 1976. He had a reputation within the church of being a sturdy champion of minority rights and a skillful organizer of charities. He was a strong suppoorter of racial integration.

Death. August 10, 1987, of pneumonia and kidney failure (complications aggravated by a broken leg), while recovering at Providence Hospital of Washington. Buried in the chapel of St. Francis of Assisi, the burial chamber for the archbishops of the archdiocese, in St. Matthew the Apostle's metropolitan cathedral, Washington; he was the first person to be interred in that chamber constructed to be the final resting place of the archbishops of Washington; Cardinal James Aloysius Hickey was buried there in 2004.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 112; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 219; MacGregor, Morris J. Steadfast in the Faith: The Life of Patrick Cardinal O'Boyle. Washington, D.C. : The Catholic University of America Press, 2006. Contents : Preface; 1. A Scranton Childhood; 2. A Curate's Education; 3. Catholic Charities; 4. Other Duties as Assigned; 5. An Organization Man; 6. Pomp and Circumstance; 7. Learning on the Job; 8. Fighting Jim Crow; 9. A Capital Pulpit; 10. The Measure of the Man; 11. Vatican II; 12. A Fretful Man; 13. A Civil Rights Crusader; 14. State in Fide; 15. "What'll They Think of Next?"; 16. Finale; Bibliography; Index.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana; A prayer, and a life, for justice by Mark Zimmermann Catholic Standard, 8/14/2013 11:06:00 AM, mycatholicstandard, Archdiocese of Washington.


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(34) 7. VAGNOZZI, Egidio
(1906-1980)

Birth. February 2, 1906, Rome, Italy. Son of Francesco Vagnozzi and Pasqua Jachetti.

Education. He studied at the Vatican Minor Seminary; at the Pontifical Roman Seminary; and at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, where he obtained doctorates in philosophy, theology and canon law.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 22, 1928, with dispensation for not having yet reached the canonical age, Rome, by Cardinal Rafael Merry del Val. Further studies, 1928-1930. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1930-1932. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, May 1, 1932. Staff member of the apostolic delegation in the United States of America, 1932-1942. Reappointed privy chamberlain of His Holiness, March 3, 1939. Counselor of the nunciature in Portugal, 1942-1945; of the nunciature in France, 1945-1947. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, December 23, 1945. Staff member of the delegation for the establishment of diplomatic relations with India, 1947-1948. Extraordinary papal envoy to the Independence Celebrations, Ceylon, February 25, 1948. Chargé d'affaires of the Holy See before the new Indian government, New Delhi, June to August 1948.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Mira and appointed apostolic delegate in Philippines, March 9, 1949. Consecrated, May 22, 1949, Rome, by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D., secretary of S.C. Consistorial, assisted by Francesco Borgongini-Duca, titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Italy, and by Roberto Ronca, titular archbishop of Lepanto, prelate nullius of Pompei. His episcopal motto was Firmiter in caritate. Nuncio in Philippines, August 9, 1951. Apostolic delegate in the United States of America, December 16, 1958. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giuseppe in Via Trionfale, June 29, 1967. President of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See, January 13, 1968. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Opted for order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, March 5, 1973. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, June 30, 1979 until his death; the post remained vacant until the election of Cardinal Maximilien de Furstenberg on May 24, 1982. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; and the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980.

Death. December 26, 1980, in his Roman residence. Exposed in the oratory of basilica of S. Giuseppe in Via Trionfale; later, the body of the late cardinal was transferred to the patriarchal Vatican basilica, where the funeral took place presided by Pope John Paul II. Buried, Campo Verano, cemetery, Rome. The body was transferred to the basilica of S. Giuseppe in Via Trionfale in March 1983.

Bibliography. Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, pp. 287-288.

Webgraphy. His arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana.


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(35) 8. FURSTENBERG, Maximilien de
(1904-1988)

Birth. October 23, 1904, castle of Ter Worm, Heerlem, diocese of Roermond, Holland. Of the old, Catholic noble family of the barons of Furstenberg-Stammheim, from Westphalia, Germany. His parents were Adolf, baron Furstenberg, and Elisabeth, countess D'Oultremont. His baptismal names were Maximilien, Louis, Hubert, Egon, Vincent, Marie, Joseph. His last name is also listed as de Fürstenberg.

Education. Studied at the Abbey College of Maredsous, Namur, Belgium, from October 1915 to July 1922 (primary education); he then took a study travel to Latin America; studied at Saint-Louis College, Brussels, from 1922 to 1928 (classics and philosophy); did military service at the regiment of Grenadiers and obtained the rank of sub-lieutenant of reserve, 1924-1925; continued his studies at the Superior Institute of Philosophy, University of Louvain, from 1925 to 1928 (licentiate in philosophy); and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1928 to 1932 (doctorate in theology, 1932); while in Rome, he resided in the Pontifical Belgian College.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 9, 1931; incardinated in the archdiocese of Mechelen. Returned to Belgium and became a faculty member of the diocesan College of Saint-Jean Berchmans, Antwerp, 1932-1934. Professor of liturgy at the Grand Seminary of Mechelen, 1934-1946. Named master of ceremonies of Cardinal Jozef-Ernest van Roey, archbishop of Mechelen, in 1934. From 1935 to 1949, he was military chaplain of reserve. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Mechelen. On Christmas Day 1943, he was arrested by the Germans at his mother's house because of a Latin inscription placed on the Christmas candle in the metropolitan cathedral which appeared to express great hope in the Allied disembarkment in in North Africa; he was sentenced to two years in prison; after a year of detention in the prison of Saint-Gilles, Bruxelles, he was freed on Christmas Day 1944. During the Regency of Belgium, he was named chaplain of the court and decorated with the cross of knight of the Order of Léopold II for his patriotic conduct. Named by the bishops of Belgium rector of the Pontifical Belgian College, Rome, February 27, 1946; occupied the post until his promotion to the episcopate; among his students was the young priest Karol Wojtyla, future Pope John Paul II. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, May 13, 1947.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Palto, March 14, 1949. Named apostolic delegate in Japan, March 22, 1949. Consecrated, April 25, 1949, cathedral of Saint-Rombaud, Mechelen, by Cardinal Jozef-Ernest van Roey, archbishop of Mechelen, assisted by Jean Marie van Cauwenbergh, titular bishop of Sinao, auxiliary of Mechelen, and by Oscar Joseph Joliet, titular bishop of Costanza di Arabia, auxiliary of Gand. His episcopal motto was Pax et virtute tua. Named internuncio in Japan, April 28, 1952. Regent of the nunciature in Korea, 1952-1953. Apostolic delegate in Australia, New Zealand and Oceania, November 21, 1959. Nuncio in Portugal, April 28, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Sacro Cuore di Gesù a Castro Pretorio, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, July 15, 1967. Prefect of the S.C. for Oriental Churches, January 15, 1968. For thirty seven days, in coincidence with the 50th anniversary of the establishment of the S.C. for the Oriental Church in 1969, he traveled to India, Irak, Syria, Jordania, Egypt, Turkey and the Holy Land to visit the patriarchs of the Catholic Oriental Churches and also Orthodox Ecumenical Patriarch Athenagoras I of Constantinople. Special papal envoy to the celebrations for the 10th anniversary of the constitution of the metropolitan see of Philadelphia of the Ukrainians, Philadelphia, July 10, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Papal envoy to the centennial celebrations of Iran, 1971. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, March 1972 until his death. Resigned the prefecture, February 28, 1973. Named president of the Central Commission for the Holy Year of 1975, May 9, 1973. Special papal envoy to the 12th centennial celebration of cathedral of Salzburg, Austria, September 21 to 24, 1974; to the Holy See's Day, Oceanic Exposition, Okinawa, Japan, November 5, 1975. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Participated in the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Camerlengo of the Sacred College of Cardinals, May 24, 1982 until June 25, 1984; the post had been vacant since the death of Cardinal Egidio Vaganozzi on December 26, 1980. Special papal envoy to the inaugural ceremonies of the International House of the Pilgrim and the consecration of the altar of Pax Christi Chapel, shrine of Kevelaer, Germany, June 5 to 6, 1982. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 23, 1984. Due to bad health, he was interned in the polyclinic "Agostino Gemelli" of Rome for several months; on May 30, 1988, Pope John Paul II visited him; a few days later, he was transferred to the Louvain University clinic of Mont-Godinne, near Namur, Belgium.

Death. September 22, 1988, of a cerebral hemorrhage, Mont-Goddine, Namur, Belgium. The funeral was celebrated on Wednesday September 28, 1988 in the church of Notre-Dame au Sablon, Brussels, which is the capitular church of the Belgian lieutenancy of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulcre of Jerusalem; his coffin was covered with the Belgian flag and surmounted by his red biretta. The following day, in accordance with his will, the cardinal was buried in the crypt that his great-grandfather, Count Franz Egon von Fürstenberg-Stammheim (1797-1859), had had built in the Franciscan church of Mont-Apollinaris, near Remagen (Rhenanie-Palatinat), Germany.

Bibliography. Del Re, Niccolò. "Massimiliano de Furstenberg" in La Sacra Congregazione per le Chiese Orientali. Nel cinquantesimo della fondazione (1917-1967). Grottaferrata, Roma : Tipografia Italo-Orientale "San Nilo", 1969, p. 96-97; Ickx, Johan. De alumni van het Belgisch Pauselijk College te Rome, 1844-1994 = Les anciens étudiants du Collège Pontifical Belge à Romem, 1844-1994. Roma : Il Collegio, Tipografia S.G.S., 1994. Text in Dutch and French. Other title: Anciens étudiants du Collège pontifical belge à Rome, 1844-1994, p. 443; Plavsic, W. S. "Le cardinal de Furstenberg, (1904-1988)", Handelingen van de Koninklgke Kring voor Oudheidkunde, Letteren en Kunst van Mechelen, vol. 106, 2002, p. 249-264.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, Rémersdael; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; and the Furstenberg Family, in French, Rémersdael.


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(36) 9. SAMORÈ, Antonio
(1905-1983)

Birth. December 4, 1905, Bardi, diocese of Piacenza, Italy. Son of Gino Samorè, a carabiniere, and Giuseppina Basini. He had a sister, Jolanda, who was two years older than him. He was baptized on December 16, 1906 by Father Giuseppe Morini, parish priest of Bardi. He received the sacrament of confirmation from Giovanni Maria Pellizzari, bishop of Piacenza, on June 24, 1915.

Education. Entered the Seminary of Piacenza in October 1916; he earned a degree in theology from the Collegio Alberoni on June 29, 1929, with the thesis Prima sedes a nemine iudicatur, about the Petrine Primacy between the years 452 and 523; later, he also studied at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome where, in 1938, he obtained a doctorate in canon law with the thesis Concordatum inter Sanctam Sedem et Hispaniam anni 1717.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 10, 1928, Piacenza, by Ersilio Menzani, bishop of Piacenza. He said his first mass at the church of St. Lazarus the day after his ordination. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Piacenza, 1929-1932 as curate of the parish of San Savino. Attaché and secretary of the nunciature in Lithuania, 1932-1936 at the request of Antonino Arata, titular archbishop of Sardi, nuncio in that country. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, February 28, 1935; reappointed, March 3, 1939. Secretary of the nunciature in Switzerland, 1938. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1938-1947. Counselor of the apostolic delegation in United States of America, 1947-1950. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, February 27, 1947.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tirnovo and appointed nuncio in Colombia, January 30, 1950. Consecrated, April 16, 1950, basilica of S. Maria sopra Minerva, Rome, by Cardinal Clemente Micara, bishop of Velletri, vicar general of Rome, assisted by Filippo Bernardini, titular archbishop of Antiochia di Pisidia, nuncio in Switzerland, and by Alberto Carinci, bishop of Boiano-Campobasso. His episcopal motto was Auxilium a Domino. Secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, February 7, 1953. Following Cardinal Domenico Tardini's death in 1961, he acted as director of Villa Nazareth, which had been founded by the late cardinal in 1946, occupying the post until his own death; he was the executor of Cardinal Tardini's will. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. He was present at the opening of the Inter-regional Seminary of Recife, Brazil, in 1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, June 29, 1967. President of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, September 25, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, November 1, 1968. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Resigned the prefecture and appointed librarian and archivist of the Holy Roman Church, January 25, 1974; occupied the post until his death. Named bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto, December 12, 1974. He celebrated the 50th anniversary of his priestly ordination at his native Bardi, in the presence of Cardinals Opilio Rossi and Mario Casariego in 1978. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Special papal representative before Argentina and Chile to peacefully resolve the border controversy between them, December 24, 1978; a "Treaty of Peace and Friendship" between the two countries was signed on October 18, 1984, in Casina Pio IV, in the Vatican gardens, in the presence of Cardinal Secretary of State Agostino Casaroli.

Death. February 3, 1983, shortly before 9 a.m., of a heart attack, at the Villa Flaminia Clinic, in Rome. Cardinal Agostino Casaroli, secretary of State, Archbishop Gabriel Montalvo and Monsignor Faustino Sainz Muñoz were at his bedside. His funeral mass, presided by Pope John Paul II, was celebrated at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. He was buried in a vault under the pavement of the sanctuary of the church of the Carmelite monastery of Vetralla, Viterbo. The remains of Cardinal Domenico Tardini rest in the same vault.

Bibliography. Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 437.

Webgraphy. His portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(37) 10. CARPINO, Francesco
(1905-1993)

Birth. May 18, 1905, Palazzolo Acreide, Monti Iblei, archdiocese of Siracusa, Sicily, Italy. Third of the five children of Salvatore Carpino, owner of a small rural estate, and Maria Odigitria (Itria) Cascino. He was baptized on May 24, 1905 by Canon Giuseppe Gallo in the mother church of Palazzolo.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Noto, Sicily, from September 14, 1914 to June 1919, obtaining the license ginnazaiale); at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, from September 1919 to 1926, obtaining doctorates philosophy and theology; and licentiate in canon law in 1926); returned to his diocese in 1926 and became professor in the seminary until reaching the canonical age for the priestly ordination; received the diaconate on June 29, 1927; also studied at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 14, 1927, mother church of Palazzolo Acreide, by Giuseppe Vizzini, bishop of Noto. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Noto and faculty member of its seminary, 1927-1929. Professor of sacramental theology at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, 1929-1951; resided in the Pontifical Roman Seminary. Pastoral ministry in Rome and collaboration with several congregations of the Roman Curia as well as with the Roman vicariate, 1929-1951. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, April 27, 1939. He helped persecuted Italian Jews during the Second World War and refugees immediately afterwards.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Nicomedia and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Monreale, February 11, 1951. Consecrated, April 8, 1951, patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D., bishop of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto, secretary of S.C. Consistorial, assisted by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome, and by Angelo Calabretta, bishop of Noto. His episcopal motto was Fructum affert in patientia. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Monreale, August 23, 1951. Assistant at the Pontifical Throne, November 15, 1960. He erected nineteen new parishes during his episcopate in Monreale. Named titular archbishop of Sardica and appointed assessor of the S.C. Consistorial, January 19, 1961. Secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals, October 25, 1961. President of the Supreme Council of Immigration, 1961-1967. President of the General Secretariat International of Apostolatus Maris, 1961-1967. Secretary of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, 1961-1967. Counselor of the Pontifical Preparatory Commission of the Second Vatican Council, 1961-1964. Secretary of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Shrine of Pompeii, 1961-1965; for the Shrines of Pompeii and Loreto, 1966-1967. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Secretary of the conclave of 1963. Pro-prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, April 7, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Ausiliatrice in via Tuscolana, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Palermo, June 26, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Resigned the government of the archdiocese, October 17, 1970; he explained that an archdiocese with many and difficult pastoral problems needed a young archbishop with fresh energies to prepare a vast program for a long term. Appointed referendary for relations in the S.C. for Bishops, October 19, 1970. Named cardinal bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Albano, January 27, 1978. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, May 18, 1985.

Death. Tuesday October 5, 1993, at dawn, in Rome; received the last rites from Alois Wagner, titular bishop of Siccenna, vice-president of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum and was assisted by his sister Concettina Carpino. The funeral mass was presided by Pope John Paul II, who also delivered the homily, was concelebrated by thirty cardinals and numerous archbishops and bishops, and took place in the patriarchal Vatican basilica at 5:30 p.m. on October 7, 1993. The body of the late cardinal was flown to Monreale on October 8th and transferred to Palermo, where another funeral took place in that cathedral concelebrated by Salvatore Cassisa, archbishop of Monreale; Cardinal Salvatore Pappalardo, archbishop of Palermo; and almost all the bishops of Sicily. After the funeral in Palermo, the body was taken to Palazzolo Acreide and a requiem mass was celebrated in the church of S. Paolo by Giuseppe Costanzo, archbishop of Siracusa, before the burial in the tomb of his family; later, it was transferred to the cemetery chapel of Palazzolo Acreide. On September 14, 1998, the remains were transferred to the metropolitan cathedral of Palermo, and reinterred in the chapel of S. Cristina, in front of the altar steps (1).

Bibliography. Amata, Biagio. Card. Francesco Carpino : testimonianze e studi. Roma : Libreria editrice vaticana, 1994; Calleri Russo, Anna. Il Cardinale Francesco Carpino: un figlio di Palazzolo al servizio della chiesa cattolica. Catania: Greco, 1997.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave; his photograph and biography, in Italian, diocese of Noto, Italy; his photograph and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

HIC IN PACE CHRISTI QUIESCIT
FRANCISCUS CARPINO
S.R.E. CARD. ET ARCHIEP. PAN.
PALAZZOLO A. ROMA
Α  MCMV     Ω  MCMXCIII

A funeral monument commemorating Cardinal Carpino was erected inside the same chapel, facing the vault of his successor, Cardinal Salvatore Pappalardo. It has the following inscription:
CARDINALIS FRANCISCVS CARPINO
PANORMITANAE ECCLESIAE ARCHIEPISCOPUS
MCMLXVII MCMLXX


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(38) 11. MAURER, C.SS.R., José Clemente
(1900-1990)

Birth. March 13, 1900, Püttlingen, diocese of Trier, Germany.

Education. Joined the Congregation of Most Holy Redeemer; took vows, September 10, 1921. Rceived his formation at the Novitiate of Trois-Epis, Switzerland; and at the Theological Faculty of Echternach, Luxemburg.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 19, 1925. Missionary work with the Bolivian Indians and superior of the Redemptorist residence in La Paz, 1926-1947. Vice-provincial of his congregation for South America, 1947-1950.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Cea and appointed auxiliary of La Paz, March 1, 1950. Consecrated, April 16, 1950, church of SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in Via Merulana, Rome, by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D., bishop of Sabina e Poggio Mirteto, secretary of the S.C. Consistorial, assisted by Francesco Beretti, titular archbishop of Leontopolis di Pamfilia, and by Augusto Sieffert, C.Ss.R., titular bishop of Poliboto, former bishop of La Paz. His episcopal motto was Dominus aedificatio mea. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Sucre, October 27, 1951. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received red biretta and title of Ss. Redentore e S. Alfonso in via Merulana, June 29, 1967. President of the Episcopal Conference of Bolivia. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, March 13, 1980. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, November 30, 1983. He was the first cardinal from Bolivia.

Death. June 27, 1990, Sucre. Buried, metropolitan cathedral, Sucre.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(39) 12. PARENTE, Pietro
(1891-1986)

Birth. February 16, 1891, Casalnuovo Monterotaro, diocese of Lucera, Italy. He was baptized on the following day in the parish church of Ss. Pietro e Nicola.

Education. Inital studies in the elementary school in the old building of the Shrine of Madonna della Rocca; ginnasiale studies under Pasquale Beccia, renowned professor of Latin and priest in Casalvecchio di Puglia; Metropolitan Seminary of Benevento, Benevento, 19061909; Seminary "Pio," Rome, 1909; Ennio Quirino Visconti Lyceum, Rome (licentiate); Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome (doctorate in philosophy); Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome (doctorate in theology); State University of Naples, Naples.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 18, 1916, Rome. Rector of the Seminary of Naples, 1916-1926. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, January 8, 1925. Faculty member of the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, 1926-1934; 1940-1955. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, December 20, 1934. Rector of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome, 1934-1938. Founder and faculty member of the Faculty of Theology and Canon Law, Naples, 1938-1940. Faculty member of the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome, 1950-1955. Special envoy to the centennial celebration of the University of Laval, Québec, Canada, 1952. Protonotary apostolic, August 7, 1952. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, June 14, 1953.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Perugia, September 15, 1955. Consecrated, October 23, 1955, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Federico Tedeschini, bishop of Frascati, archpriest of St. Peter's basilica, papal datary, assisted by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome, and by Pietro Sigismondi, titular archbishop of Neapoli di Pisidia, secretary of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide. His episcopal motto was Veritatem Facientes In Caritate. Transferred to the titular see of Tolemaide di Tebaide and appointed assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office, October 23, 1959. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Secretary of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith, December 7, 1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, June 29, 1967. Papal legate to the Eucharistic Congress, Seville, Spain, June 6, 1968. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 16, 1971. Special papal envoy to the Eucharistic Congress and the celebration of the VII centennial of St. Thomas Aquinas' death, Quino, Italy, May 15 to June 2, 1974. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979.

Death. December 29, 1986, at his Vatican apartment. Buried in the shrine of Vergine della Rocca, Casalnuovo Monterotaro. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Bibliography. "La consacrazione episcopale di Mons. Pietro Parente." L'Osservatore Romano [electronic resource]. Città del Vaticano : L'Osservatore Romano, XCV, n. 556 (October 24-25, 1955), p. 3; Ruberto, Michele di. Bibliografia del Cardinale Pietro Parente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1991.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian; biography, in English; and his arms, portrait and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(40) 13. GRANO, Carlo
(1887-1976)

Birth. October 14, 1887, Rome, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome; and at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome (philosophy, theology and canon law).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 14, 1912, Rome, Giuseppe Cepetelli, titular Latin patriarch of Constantinople, vice-gerent of Rome. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1912-1920. Pontifical ceremonery supernumerary, January 23, 1920. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1923-1945; chief of protocol, 1945-1953; substitute and secretary of ciphering, 1953-1958.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tessalonica and appointed nuncio in Italy, December 13, 1958. Consecrated, December 27, 1958, Rome, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Girolamo Bartolomeo Bortignon, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Padua, and by Gioacchino Muccin, bishop of Feltre e Belluno. His episcopal motto was Copiosa messis e grano humili. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinal Domenico Tardini, secretary of State; and future cardinals Angelo Dell'Acqua, titular archbishop of Chalcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State; Giuseppe Ferretto, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial; and Mario Casariego y Acevedo, C.R.S., titular bishop of Pudenziana and auxiliary of Guatemala. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Marcello, July 15, 1967. Lost his right to participate in the conclave by being older than eighty years of age, January 1, 1971.

Death. April 2, 1976, in his Roman residence. Buried in the church of S. Marcello, his title, in Rome.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(41) 14. DELL'ACQUA, O.Ss.C.A., Angelo
(1903-1972)

Birth. December 9, 1903, in the neighborhood of Porta Ticines, Milan, Italy. Eldest child of Giovanni Dell'Acqua, a mechanic, and Giuseppina Varalli. The other sibling were Margherita (called Rita) and Pio, who died young. He was baptized on December 20, 1903, in the church of S. Maria delle Grazie.

Education. Initial studies at the Institute of the Ursiline Sisters, Sesto Calende; then, at the elementary school of Sesto Calende; later, he attended the Seminary of Monza, Milan; then, the Seminary of Milan, where he earned a doctorate in theology; and finally, the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law. Received the diaconate, December 19, 1925, in Milan.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 9, 1926, church of S. Bernardino, Sesto Calende, by Cardinal Eugenio Tossi archbishop of Milan. Joined the Oblates of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, May 9, 1928. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Milan, and secretary to the archbishop of Milan, 1928-1929. Further studies, 1929-1931. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, December 19, 1931. Secretary of the apostolic delegation in Turkey and Greece, 1931-1935. Rector of the Pontifical Pio Romanian College, Rome, 1935-1938. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 15, 1936. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1938-1950. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1938-1950. Under-secretary adjunct of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs, August 28, 1950. Substitute of the Secretariat of State, for ordinary ecclesiastical affairs, and secretary of ciphering, February 17, 1953. Substitute of the Secretariat of State, November 1, 1954.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Chalcedonia, December 14, 1958. Consecrated, December 27, 1958, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Girolamo Bartolomeo Bortignon, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Padua, and by Gioacchino Muccin, bishop of Feltre e Belluno. His episcopal motto was Tamquam aqua decurrens. In the same ceremony were consecrated Cardinal Domenico Tardini, secretary of State; Albino Luciani, bishop of Vittorio Veneto, future cardinal and Pope John Paul I; and future Cardinals Carlo Grano, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Italy; Giuseppe Ferretto, titular archbishop of Sardica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial; and Mario Casariego, C.R.S., titular bishop of Pudenziana, auxiliary of Guatemala. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Ambrogio e Carlo, June 29, 1967. President of the Prefecture for Economic Affairs of the Holy See, September 23, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Vicar general of His Holiness for the city of Rome and its district, and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University, January 13, 1968. Represented Pope Paul VI at the funeral of Senator of Robert F. Kennedy, New York, June 8, 1968. Received honorary doctorates from Loyola University, Chicago University and Fordham University, New York, June 1968. Attended the I Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome, November 7, 1970. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971.

Death. August 27, 1972, suddenly, of a heart attack, at the entrance of the basilica of the Rosary, in Lourdes, France. The funeral, presided by Pope Paul VI, took place on August 31, 1972 at the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome. Buried in the family tomb in Sesto Calende cemetery. The body was transferred on August 31, 1997 to the parish church of S. Bernardino, Sesto Calende, where he had been ordained to the priesthood.

Bibliography. Lanfranchi, Mauro. Il diplomatico che sorrideva. Profilo biografico del Cardinale Angelo Dell'Acqua. Sesto Calende : Cooperativa "Il Ponte", 1997; Melloni, Alberto. Angelo Dell'Acqua : prete, diplomatico e cardinale al cuore della politica vaticana (1903-1972). Bologna : Il mulino, 2004. (Santa Sede e politica nel Novecento ; 2).

Webgraphy. His photograph, portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; photographs and biography by Eman Bonnici, in English, Find a Grave.


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(42) 15. STAFFA, Dino
(1906-1977)

Birth. August 14, 1906, Santa Maria in Fabriago, diocese of Imola, Italy. Son of Domenico Staffa and Emilia Gualandi.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Imola from November 3, 1917 to 1922 (licensa ginnasiale); at the Pontifical Regional Seminary "Benedetto XV," Bologna (philosophy and theology); at the time, the rector was Monsignor Marcello Mimmi, future cardinal; at the Theological Faculty, Bologna, where he obtained a doctorate in theology; and at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome (utroque iure, both canon and civil law).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 25, 1929, Imola, by Paolino Giovanni Tribbioli, O.F.M.Cap., bishop of Imola. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Imola, 1929-1931. Further studies in Rome, 1931-1933. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, 1933-1950. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, January 4, 1936; reappointed, March 3, 1939. Professor of history of canon law at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, 1941-1944. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, November 20, 1944. Secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities, December 18, 1958.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, September 3, 1960. Consecrated, October 28, 1960, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Diego Venini, titular archbishop of Adana, privy almoner of His Holiness, and by Benigno Carrara, bishop of Imola. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Pericle Felici, titular archbishop of Samosata, secretary general of the Second Vatican Council; and Egano Righi-Lambertini, titular archbishop of Doclea, nuncio in Lebanon. His episcopal motto was Lex tua lux mea. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Named pro-prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, April 7, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Sacro Cuore di Gesù Cristo Re, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Named prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, March 26, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Opted for the title of S. Maria sopra Minerva, May 24, 1976.

Death. August 7, 1977, Rome. He was originally buried in his family's tomb in the cemetery of Massa Lombarda, Imola. At a later date, his remains were transferred to the parish church of S. Gabriele Arcangelo in Lugo di Romagna, which he had built in memory of his nephew, and placed in a specially constructed marble sarcophagus.

Bibliography. De Magistris, Luigi. "Mons. Dino Staffa, arcivescovo tit. di Cesarea di Palestina, segretario della S. Congregazione dei Seminari e della Università degli Studi." La Pontificia Università lateranense : profilo della sua storia, dei suoi maestri, e dei suoi discepoli. Roma : Libreria editrice della Pontificia Università lateranense, 1963, , pp. 226-227; Grocholewski, Zenon. "Vita e attività del Card. Dino Staffa". Apollinaris, LI (1978), 203-242; Gualandi, D. ; Staffa, A ; Tampieri, I. Il Cardinale Dino Staffa : Memorie e scritti. Ravenna : Grafiche Morandi, Fusignano, 1979.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(43) 16. FELICI, Pericle
(1911-1982)

Birth. August 1, 1911, Segni, Italy. Eldest child of Luigi Felici, land surveyor, and Anna Roscioli, housewife. He had two brothers, Metello and Jonas. His uncle, Giuseppe Sagnori, was for many years vicar general of the diocese of Segni.

Education. Studied as an adolescent at the Minor Seminary of Segni for four years (ginnasio); at the Pontifical Roman Minor Seminary, Rome; at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, Rome, 1926-1934, obtaining a doctorate in philosophy in 1929 (thesis: Unione fra l'anima e il corpo); and in theology in 1934, (dissertation: Summa psychanalyseos lineamenta); while studying at the Pontifical Roman Seminary, he was prefect three times, cerimoniereand teacher of Gregorian chant; at the Pontifical Institute Utriusque Iuris of the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, 1934-1938, earning a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, in June 1938, with a thesis on the interpretation of penal law, entitled De poenali iure interpretando (published in Rome in that same year). He received the minor orders on May 1, 1930; the subdiaconate on September 18, 1932; and the diaconate on the following October 15.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1933, cathedral of Segni, by Alfonso Maria de Sanctis, bishop of Segni, with papal dispensation for not having yet reached the canonical age. In the 1930s, he started a friendship with Giulio Andreoti, leader of the Christian Democracy party and seven-time premier of Italy, which lasted all his life. Assistant professor of institutions of canon law at the Pontifical Institute "Utriusque Iure"; 1938-1939; and professor of moral theology at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", 1938-1943; professor of fundamental theology, 1943-1947; its rector for juridical studies, 1939-1948. In 1940, he was named judge pro sinodale of the tribunal of the Vicariate of Rome and commissary for causes of ordination of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments; named consultor of the congregation in 1956. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, December 28, 1940. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, September 20, 1947 to 1960. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, September 20, 1947. Spiritual director at the Major Roman Seminary from 1950 to 1959. In1958, he was named president of the tribunal of first instance of the State of Vatican City. Consultor of the S.C. of the Council, May 2, 1959. On May 16, 1959, he was named secretary of the Ante preparatory Commission of the Second Vatican Council, which was presided by Cardinal Domenico Tardini, secretary of State. Named secretary general of the Central Preparatory Commission of the Second Vatican Council on June 7, 1960; the commission was presided by Pope John XXIII after Cardinal Tardini declined the presidency.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Samosota, September 3, 1960, Consecrated, October 28, 1960, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Diego Venini, titular archbishop of Adana, privy almoner of His Holiness, and by Benigno Carrara, bishop of Imola. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Dino Staffa, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities; and Egano Righi-Lambertini, titular archbishop of Doclea, nuncio in Lebanon. His episcopal motto was Fructificat Domino. Named secretary general of the Second Ecumenical Vatican Council on September 6, 1962, as well as of the secretariat for conciliar extraordinary affairs. The new pope, Paul VI, confirmed Cardinal Felici in all his charges on July 5, 1963. His intervention during the council are contained in Acta et documenta concilio oecumenico Vaticano II apparando (Antepraeparatoria) (Città del Vaticano 1960-1961); Acta et documenta concilio oecumenico Vaticano II apparando (Praeparatoria) (Città del Vaticano 1969); and Acta synodalia sacrosanti concilio oecumenico Vaticano II (Città del Vaticano 1970). On January 4, 1966, he was named secretary general of the Central Commission De coordinandis post Concilium laboribus et Concilii decretis interpretandis; its president on July 11, 1967. On December 7, 1966, he delivered to the pope the first edition of the official documents of the Second Vatican Council and undertook the organization of the archive and the publication of the official acts of the council, from the material of the ante preparatory phase. He also undertook the edition of the new Code of Canon Law, which had been announced by Pope John XXIII in January 1959. Named pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law, February 21, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Apollinare, June 29, 1967. President of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Decrees of the Second Vatican Council, 1967. President of the Special Commission for the Restoration of the Permanent Diaconate, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; one of its three president delegates. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Named prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, August 15, 1977. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; member of its general secretariat, 1977-1980. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I; imposed the pallium to the new Pope John Paul I, September 3, 1978. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II; imposed the pallium to the new pope, October 22, 1978. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated pro illa vice to title, June 30, 1979. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; and the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. He was a passionate Latinist and because of this, he was named alto patrono of the Foundation Latinitas, instituted by Pope Paul VI on June 30, 1976. He wrote and published numerous works both in verse and in prose (1)

Death. March 22, 1982, of a heart attack, in Foggia, where he was presiding the celebrations for the 250th anniversary of the apparition of the Blessed Virgin of the Seven Veils, patron of that city; and the diocesan Marian Congress. A funeral, presided by Salvatore de Giorgi, archbishop of Foggia, future cardinal, was celebrated in the metropolitan cathedral on March 23. Later, his body was transferred to Rome and exposed in the church of S. Apollinare, his title. On March 25, in the morning, it was taken to the patriarchal Vatican basilica, where Pope John Paul II presided the exequies concelebrated with the cardinals of the Roman Curia, and delivered the homily. After the exequies, the body of the cardinal was transferred to Segni, his native city, and buried in his family's tomb. A square in Foggia, next to the parish church, was named after him. The square adjacent to the cathedral of Segni was also named after him on the occasion of the twentieth anniversary of his death.

Bibliography. Il Cardinale Pericle Felici [alla memoria dei coniugi Anna Roscioli e Luigi Felici nel X anniversario della beata morte del loro figlio Pericle]. Con contributi di Vincenzo Fagiolo, Sbastiano Corsanego, D. Bianchi, Luigi De Magistris, Tommaso Mariucci, Raffaelo Funghini, Vincenzo Carbone, Julián Herranz. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1992; Il cardinale Pericle Felici : (1911-1982) : convegno di studio nel ventennale della morte : Roma, 22-23 marzo 2002, Palazzo della cancelleria, Sala dei cento giorni, Segni, 24 marzo 2002, Concattedrale. A cura di Andrea Chiarelli and Ugo Meucci. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2003; De Magistris, Luigi. "Mons. Pericle Felice", in La Pontificia Università Lateranense (Roma : Libreria Editrice della Pontificia Università Lateranense, 1963), pp. 130-131; Fagiolo, Vincenzo. "Il cardinale Pericle Felice: sempre al servizio della Chiesa", in Un sinodo per un'autentica recezione del Concilio (Roma : s.n., 1985), pp. 173-177; Fagiolo, Vincenzo. "Il cardinale Pericle Felice a 10 anni dalla sua morte", in Ephemerides iuris canonici, XLVIII (1992), pp. 189-200; Fedele, Pio. "Pericle Felice canonista", in Ephemerides iuris canonici, XLVIII (1992), pp. 201-206; Grootaers, Jan. I protagonisti del Vaticano II : Giovanni XXIII, Paolo VI, Bea, Colombo, Döpfner, Felici, Garrone, König, Lercaro, Maximos IV, McGrath, Ottaviani, Parente, Ruffini, Suenens, Wyszynski. Cinisello Balsamo : San Paolo, 1994. (Attualità e storia). Responsibility: di Jan Grootaers ; traduzione dal francese di Dorino Tuniz, pp. 115-132; Tocanel, Pietro. In Memoriam. Cardinale Pericle Felice, in Apollinaris, LV (1982), pp. 241-244.

Webgraphy. Biography by Riccardo Burigana, in Italian, Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani - Volume 46 (1996), Treccani; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Il cardinale Amieto Cicognani e mons. Pericle Felici by Vincenzo Fagiolo, Publications de l'École française de Rome lien Le deuxième concile du Vatican (1959-1965). Actes du colloque international de Rome (28-30 mai 1986), 1989, pp. 229-242; Convegno sulla figura del Card. Pericle Felici, Cronache Cittadine, Anno XIII, Nº 270, 10 febbraio 2002; Cento anni fa, il 1º agosto 1911, nasceva Pericle Felici. Il nome dell'ecclesiastico ciociaro è legato al Vaticano II di cui fu il segretario generale, L'Osservatore Romano, 31 luglio 2011; I cardinali Antonio Bacci e Pericle Felici. Due latinisti in un ricordo by Oronzo De Simone, L'Ora del Salento, venerdì, giugno 7th, 2013.

(1) Among them were Iuvenalia (Rome 1947); Otia estiva (Rome 1947; re-edited in 1948); Semina flammae sacerdotalis (Rome 1950); "Prospettive e speranze del concilio ecumenico vaticano II", in Rivista diocesana di Roma (VII [1966], pp. 477-512); Il lungo cammino del concilio (Rome 1967); Concilio si Concilio no (Naples 1968); Continuità, coerenza e fermezza di dottrina (Rome 1968); Pensieri sul sacerdozio (Milan 1968); Magistero e autorità nella Chiesa (Brescia 1969); Incontri dello Spirito. Con Paolo VI pellegrino di pace (Milan 1970); Thenis et Thalia (Rome s. d. (ma 1970)); Noi popolo di Dio (Rome 1971); Temi canonistici e conciliari (Rome 1976); Vere sereno (Rome 1981); Ioanni Paulo II coram admittendi coetum certamen Vaticanum celebrantem dicati hexametri (Rome 1981). He also published numerous articles and book chapters: "La teologia del matrimonio", in Spiritualità della familia (a cura di G. Gedda, Milan 1952, pp. 127-135); Casus conscientiae de matrimonio (ed. in coll. con E. Lio - P. Lumbreras - Pietro Palazzini - G. Visser, Rome 1954); Casus conscientiae de censuris (ed. in coll. con gli stessi, Rome 1956); "Il peccato del pansessualismo psicanalitico", in Il peccato (a cura di Pietro Palazzini, Rome 1959, pp. 507-530); "Il concilio ecumenico, e la stampa" (ibid. 1961); "I concili ecumenici e la storia del dogma", in I concili nella vita della Chiesa (Milan 1961, pp. 23-29); "Orientamenti pastorali del Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano II", in Comunità cristiana e comunità polmtica (iibid. 1962, pp. 17-29); "Il Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano II", in Giovanni XXIII (a cura di G. Longo, Bergamo 1963, pp. 226-257); "Il Concilio Vaticano II e la nuova codificazione canonica", in Ius canonicum (VII [1967], pp. 307-320); "La nuova codificazione canonica", in La pastorale nel sinodo episcopale (a cura di G. Concetti, Roma 1968, pp. 31-45); "Il Vaticano II e il celibato sacerdotale" (ibid. 1969); "Oratio initio conventus habita", in Acta Conventus internationalis canonistarum (Rome 1970, pp. XXXI-XXXIV); "La Chiesa comunità di fede" (ibid. 1972); "Chiesa popolo sacerdotale" (ibid. 1972); "Ministro del sole e del sangue" (ibid. 1972); "Indagine psicologica e cause matrimoniali" (ibid. 1973); "De opere codicis iuris canonici recognoscendi", in Osterreichisches Archiv für Kirchenrecht (XIII [1974], pp. 117-128); "Comunità e dignità della persona", in Persona e ordinamento nella Chiesa (Milan 1975, pp. 7-15); "Indagine psicologica e cause matrimoniali", in Studi di diritto canonico in onore di M. Magliocchetti (a cura di P. Fedele, Roma 1975, II, pp. 515-527); "Concilium vitam alere. Meditationes super decretis concilii Vaticani II a card. Pericle Felici ordine depositae" (ibid. 1975); "Formalità giuridiche e valutazione delle prove nel processo canonico" (ibid. 1977); "Homiliae in impositione palliorum" (ibid. 1977).


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(44) 17. KROL, John Joseph
(1910-1996)

Birth. October 26, 1910, Cleveland, Ohio, United States of America. He was the fourth of the eight children of John Krol and Anna Pietruzka, who were Polish immigrants, originally from the Tatra Mountains. His father held various occupations, working as a machinist, barber, carpenter, plumber and electrician; his mother worked as a maid in a hotel in Cleveland. At age two, he and his family went back to Poland, but returned to Cleveland within a year. His last name in Polish means king.

Education. Initial education at the parochial school of St. Hyacinth church; he later studied at St. Mary's College, Orchard Lake, Mich.; at St. Mary's Seminary, Cleveland, where he operated a small tobacco business, receiving shipments of defective cigars and then selling them to his fellow seminarians; and the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome; and at The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. He spoke eleven languages.

Early life. At age nine, he went to work part-time as a butcher's helper. He later worked as a maker of wooden boxes; and then took a job as a butcher at a Kroger grocery store in Cleveland, where he became manager of the meat department at age eighteen. Religious questions from a Lutheran co-worker prompted him to more deeply study Catholic theology and eventually decide to enter the priesthood.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 20, 1937, St. John the Evangelist cathedral, Cleveland, by Joseph Schrembs, bishop of Cleveland. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Cleveland, 1937-1938. Further studies, 1938-1942. Faculty member of St. Mary's Seminary, Cleveland, 1942-1943. Vice-chancellor of the diocese of Cleveland, 1943-1951; chancellor, 1951-1954. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 19, 1945. President of the Canon Law Society of America.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Cadi and appointed auxiliary of Cleveland, July 11, 1953. Consecrated, September 2, 1953, at the cathedral of Saint John the Evangelist, Cleveland, by Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, titular archbishop of Laodicea in Frigia, apostolic delegate in the United States of America, assisted by Edward Francis Hoban, archbishop-bishop of Cleveland, and by Floyd Lawrence Begin, titular bishop of Sala, auxiliary of Cleveland. His episcopal motto was Deus rex meus. Vicar general of diocese of Cleveland, June 4, 1954. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Philadelphia, February 11, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria della Mercede e S. Adriano, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 28, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; elected member of the Board of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, November 6, 1971. President of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops/U.S. Catholic Conference, 1971-1974. Attended the Thrid Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 31, 1981. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; one of its three presidents delegate. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, February 11, 1988. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 26, 1990.

Death. March 3, 1996, shortly after having recovered from complications from fluid in his lungs, attributed to diabetes related to kidney problems, in Philadelphia. A mass of Christian burial took place on Friday, March 8, in the metropolitan cathedral of Sts. Peter and Paul in Philadelphia. Cardinal Anthony Bevilacqua, archbishop of Philadelphia, delivered the homily. The late cardinal was buried in that cathedral (1).

Bibliography. Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 158; Jones, E. Michael. John Cardinal Krol and the cultural revolution. South Bend, IN : Fidelity Press, 1995.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Wikipedia; biography, in English Encyclopaedia Britannica; photograph and biography, in English, Polish American Cultural Center; The Krol Era, in English, Time Magazine, Monday, Nov. 29, 1971; photographs and biography, in English, Find a Grave; his statue at the National Shrine of Our Lady of Czestochowa, Poland, flickr; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
HIS EMINENCE
JOHN CARDINAL KROL
BORN OCTOBER 26, 1910
PRIEST FEBRUARY 20, 1937
BISHOP SEPTEMBER 2, 1953
ARCHBISHOP FEBRUARY 11, 1961
CARDINAL JUNE 26, 1967
RETIRED FEBRUARY 11, 1988
DIED MARCH 3, 1996
DEUS REX MEUS
+
REST IN PEACE


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(45) 18. VEUILLOT, Pierre
(1913-1968)

Birth. January 5, 1913, 7th arrondisesement of Paris, France. Son of François Louis Marie Joseph Veuillot, a Catholic journalist, and Marie Monnoir. His baptismal name was Pierre Marie Joseph.

Education. Seminary "Des Carmes," Paris.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 26, 1939, Paris. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Paris, 1939-1942. Faculty member of "Maison de Conflans" (Minor Seminary of Paris), 1939-1949. Staff member of the Secretariat of State, 1949-1959. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, February 22, 1950.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Angers, July 7, 1959. Consecrated, July 1, 1959, cathedral of Angers, by Cardinal Maurice Feltin, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Marc-Armand Lallier, archbishop of Marseille, and by Jean Villot, titular bishop of Vinda, auxiliary of Paris. His episcopal motto was Envagelizare divitias Christi. Promoted to the titular see of Costanza di Tracia and appointed archbishop coadjutor of Paris, sedis datus, July 8, 1961; granted the right of succession, July 16, 1963. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Paris, December 21, 1966. Chevalier of the Légion d'Honneur.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Luigi dei Francesi, June 29, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 29 to October 29, 1967, Vatican City.

Death. February 14, 1968, at 10:37 a.m., of leukemia, in his domicile situated at 32 rue Barbet de Jouy, Paris. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Notre-Dame, Paris.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 515-516.

Webgraphy. His arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.


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(46) 19. CODY, John Patrick
(1907-1982)

Birth, December 24, 1907, St. Louis, Missouri, United States of America. Son of Thomas Joseph Cody and Mary Begley.

Education. Studied at St. Louis Preparatory Seminary, St. Louis; at the Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum "De Propaganda Fide," Rome; and at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1931, Rome, by Cardinal Francesco Marchetti-Selvaggiani, vicar general of Rome. Staff member of the North American College, Rome, 1932-1938. Attached to the Secretariat of State, 1932. Secretary to the archbishop of St. Louis, 1938-1940. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, May 24, 1939. Chancellor of the archdiocese of St, Louis, May 2, 1940. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of St. Louis, 1945-1954. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, July 14, 1946.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Apollonia and appointed auxiliary of St. Louis, May 14, 1947. Consecrated, July 2, 1947, cathedral of St. Louis, by Joseph Elmer Ritter, archbishop of St. Louis, assisted by John Joseph Donnelly, bishop of Leavenworth, and by Vincent Stanislaus Waters, bishop of Raleigh. His episcopal motto was Magnificat anima mea. Named coadjutor, with right of succession, of the see of St. Joseph, January 21, 1954. Apostolic administrator of the see of St. Joseph, May 9, 1955. Coadjutor, with right of succession, of the see of Kansas City-St. Joseph (1), August 24, 1956. Succeeded to the see of Kansas City-St. Joseph, September 11, 1956. Promoted to titular archbishop of Bostra and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of the metropolitan see of New Orleans, July 20, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Vicar general of the archdiocese of New Orleans, December 4, 1962. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of New Orleans, November 8, 1964. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Chicago, June 14, 1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Cecilia, June 29, 1967. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979.

Death. April 25, 1982, of a heart attack, after a history of heart trouble, shortly after being confined to his home after a lengthy hospital stay, in Chicago. Buried in the bishops' chapel, Mount Carmel Cemetery, Hillside, archdiocese of Chicago (2). His predecessor Cardinal Samuel Alphonse Stritch and his immediate successor, Cardinal Joseph Louis Bernardin, are also buried in that chapel.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 209-220; Code, Bernard. Dictionary of the American Hierarchy (1789-1964). New York : Joseph F. Wagner, 1964, p. 44; Dahm, Charles W. ; Ghelardi, Robert. Power and authority in the Catholic Church : Cardinal Cody in Chicago. Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, 1981. Note: A revision of the author's thesis (Ph. D.)--University of Wisconsin.

Webgraphy. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) The two dioceses were united on July 2, 1956.
(2) This is the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

HERE, AWAITING THE RESURRECTION,
LIE THE REMAINS OF
HIS EMINENCE, JOHN PATRICK CARDINAL CODY
SIXTH ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO
BORN, ST.LOUIS, MO., DEC. 24, 1907
ORDAINED, ROME, ITALY, DEC. 8,1931
AUX. BISHOP OF ST.LOUIS, 1947-1954
BISHOP OF ST. JOSEPH, 1954-1956
ARCHBISHOP OF KANSAS CITY 1956-61
ARCHBISHOP OF NEW ORLEANS 1961-65
ARCHBISHOP OF CHICAGO, 1965-1982
DIED, CHICAGO, ILL.- APRIL 25, 1982
THE LORD WAS HIS STRENGTH,
IN HIM HIS HEART TRUSTED


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(47) 20. URSI, Corrado
(1908-2003)

Birth. July 26, 1908, Andria, Italy. Baptized, July 27, 1908, parish of S. Agostino, Andria.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Andria; and at the Pontifical Regional Seminary of Molfetta.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1931, Molfetta. Successively, vice-rector and rector of the Pontifical Regional Seminary of Molfetta, 1931-1951. Pastoral ministry in several Italian dioceses during the summer recess, 1931-1951. Privy chamberlain of His Holiness, July 15, 1943.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Nardò, July 29, 1951. Consecrated, September 30, 1951, cathedral of Molfetta, by Carlo Confalonieri, titular archbishop of Nicopoli al Nesto, secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities, assisted by Achille Salvucci, bishop of Molfetta, Giovinazzo e Terlizzi, and by Francesco Minerva, bishop of Lecce. His episcopal motto was Grana multa una Hostia. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Acerenza, November 30, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Coadjutor, with right of succession, of Potenza e Marsico Nuovo. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Naples, May 23, 1966. Grand chancellor of the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Southern Italy, 1966-1987.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Callisto, June 29, 1967. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. In July 1983, it was announced that, upon his death, he would donate his eyes to an eye bank. Resigned the pastoral government of archdiocese, May 9, 1987. Named Honorary Citizen of Naples. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years of age, July 26, 1988.

Death. August 29, 2003, at 4:25 p.m., Naples; at the time of his death, he was assisted by his sister and his private secretary for 40 years, Msgr. Mario Franco. His funeral mass was celebrated at the basilica dell'Incoronata Madre del Buon Consiglio e dell'Unità dei Cristiani of Capodimonte, on August 31, at 6 p.m., presided by Cardinal Camillo Ruini, personal delegate of Pope John Paul II, with Cardinal Michele Giordano, archbishop of Naples, and twenty two other prelates concelebrating. Buried in the basilica dell'Incoronata.

Webgraphy. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


bengsch.jpg

(48) 21. BENGSCH, Alfred
(1921-1979)

Birth. September 10, 1921, Berlin, Germany. His father, Leo Bengsch, was a postal service employee.

Education. Jesuit gymnasium of Berlin-Charloteetenber, 1932-1937; Superior School of Philosophy and Theology, Fulda; Archdiocesan Seminary "Bernardinum," Neuzelle/Oder; Theological Faculty of Münich. Drafted by German Army in the Second World War; wounded and captured by the U.S. Army, August, 1944.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 2, 1950, Berlin, by Cardinal Konrad von Preysing, bishop of Berlin. Pastoral ministry in diocese of Berlin, 1950-1954. Faculty member of the Seminary of Erfurt, 1954-1956. Faculty member of the Archdiocesan Seminary "Bernardinum," Neuzelle/Oder, 1956-1959. Regent of the Seminary of Erfurt, April 1, 1959.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tubia and appointed auxiliary of Berlin, May 2, 1959. Consecrated, June 11, 1959, Berlin, by Cardinal Julius Döpfner, bishop of Berlin, assisted by Friedrich Maria Rintelen, titular bishop of Chusira, auxiliary of Paderborn, and by Otto Spulbeck, bishop of Meissen. His episcopal motto was Adjutores gaudii vestri. Transferred to the see of Berlin, August 16, 1961. Received title of archbishop ad personam, January 14, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Filippo Neri in Eurosia, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 23, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, l971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979.

Death. December 13, 1979, of a hemorrhage during treatment for cancer, in Berlin. Buried in the diocesan cathedral (now metropolitan) of Berlin (1).

Bibliography. Pilvousek, Josef. "Bengsch, Alfred." Die Bischöfe der deutschsprachigen Länder, 1945 2001 : ein biographisches Lexikon. Unter Mitwirkung von Franz Xaver Bischof ... [et al.] ; herausgegeben von Erwin Gatz. Berlin : Duncker & Humblot, 2002, p. 94-97.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

ADIUTORES GAUDII VESTRI
ALFRED CARDINAL BENGSCH
ERZBISCHOF BISCHOF VON BERLIN
16.8.1961       13.12.1979


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(49) 22. DARMOJUWONO, Justinus
(1914-1994)

Birth. November 2, 1914, Godean, vicariate apostolic of Djakarta, Indonesia. Of a Muslim family; converted to Catholicism in 1932. His first name is also listed as Yustinus.

Education. Studied at the Major Seminary of Jogiakarta; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 25, 1947, by Albert Soegijapranata, S.J., titular bishop of Danaba, apostolic vicar of Semarang. Faculty member of the Minor Seminary of Semarang, Indonesia, 1947-1948. Pastoral ministry in the apostolic vicariate of Semarang, 1948-1954; 1956-1962. Further studies, 1954-1956. Vicar general ot the archdiocese of Semarang, 1962-1963. Vicar capitular of the archdiocese of Semarang, 1963.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Semarang, December 10, 1963. Consecrated, April 6, 1964, Holy Rosary cathedral, Semarang, by Ottavio De Liva, titular archbishop of Heliopolis in Phoenicia, internuncio in Indonesia, assisted by Adrianus Djajasepoetra, S.J., archbishop of Djakarta, and Paul Sani Kleden, S.V.D., bishop of Denpasar. Attended the Second Vatican Council,1964-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Ss.mi Nomi di Gesù e Maria in via Lata, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. President of the General Conference of Ordinaries of Indonesia, October 13, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the III Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 3, 1981. From October 31, 1982, he served as parish priest in a new parish, Santa Maria Fatima in Banyumanik, Semarang. Resigned the military vicariate, January 1984. He was the first Indonesian cardinal.

Death. February 3, 1994, Semarang. Buried in the Muntilann Kerkoff, Central Jawa, archdiocese of Semarang (1).

Bibliography. Justinus Darmojuwono, kardinal Indonesia pertama: aneka kesan dan kenangan. J. Hadiwikarta, penyunting. Jakarta: Obor, 1987.

Webgraphy. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+ JUSTINUS CARD. DARMOJUWONO
KARDINAL INDONESIA PBRTAMA
Lahir 2 - 11 - 1914    Wafat 3 - 2 - 1994


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(50) 23. WOJTYŁA, Karol
(1920-2005)

Birth. May 18, 1920, Wadowice, archdiocese of Kraków, Poland. Son of Karol Wojtyła, a non commissioned officer in the 56th Infantry Regiment of the Austro-Hungarian army, and Emilia Kaczorowsky, from Silesia, of a family originally from Lithuania. His baptismal name was Karol Józef. He had a sister, Olga, who died at a very young age before his birth, and a brother, Edmund, who became a physician and died on December 4, 1932 of scarlet fever he contracted from one of his patients in the hospital in Bilesko. Baptized on June 20, 1920, in the parish of the Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary, known as the church of Saint Mary, Wadowice, by Father Francisco Zak; he received the name Karol Józef. His mother died on April 13, 1929; and his father, in February 1941. He received first communion in May 1929; and was confirmed on May 3, 1938 by Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków; he took the name Hubert, in memory of a Polish author called Karol Hubert Rostworowski.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Kraków; at the Pontifical Angelicum Athenaeum, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology, with a thesis on faith in the works of Saint John of the Cross; at the Lublin Catholic University, where he earned a doctorate in philosophy, with a thesis on "evaluation of the possibility of founding a Catholic ethic on the ethical system of Max Scheler". Received the diaconate from Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków, on October 20, 1946.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 1, 1946, chapel of archbishop's palace, Kraków, by Cardinal Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków. He celebrated his first mass on the following day in the chapel of Saint Leonard, in the metropolitan cathedral Wawel of Kraków. Further studies and pastoral ministry among Polish immigrants of France, Belgium and Holland, 1946-1948. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Kraków and faculty member of the Catholic University of Lublin, 1948-1951; further studies, 1951-1953. Faculty member of the Major Seminary of Kraków and in the Faculty of Theology of Lublin, 1953-1958.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ombi and appointed auxiliary of Eugeniusz Baziak, archbishop of Lviv of the Latins and apostolic administrator of Kraków, July 4, 1958. Consecrated, September 28, 1958, metropolitan cathedral of Kraków, by Eugeniusz Baziak, archbishop of Lviv of the Latins and apostolic administrator of Kraków, assisted by Franciszek Jop, bishop of Opole, and by Bolesław Kominek, archbishop of Wrocław. His episcopal motto was Totus tuus. Vicar capitular of Kraków, June 16, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Kraków, January 13, 1964.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Cesareo in Palatio, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; its relator; the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; member of the general secretariat, 1977-1978. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978 and was elected pope.

Papacy. Elected, October 16, 1978. Took the name John Paul II. Inauguration of the pontificate, October 22, 1978; received the pallium from Cardinal Pericle Felici, protodeacon of S. Apollinare. Created two hundred thirty one cardinals in nine consistories. Another cardinal was created and reserved in pectore and his name was never published. During his pontificate, he made 104 international trips to 129 countries; and wrote 14 encyclicals.

Death. April 2, 2005, at 9:37 p.m., of heart failure caused from profound hypotension and complete circulatory collapse from septic shock, in his apartment at the Vatican Apostolic Palace. The funeral, presided by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, dean of the College of Cardinals, was celebrated on Friday, April 8, 2005, at 10 a.m., in St. Peter's Square. After the funeral, the body of the pope was buried in the grotto of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in the same place where the body of Pope John XXIII had been buried until it was moved to the upper basilica after his beatification.

Canonization. He was beatified during a solemn mass celebrated by Pope Benedict XVI in St. Peter's Square on May 1, 2011, Second Sunday of Easter, feast of the Divine Mercy (1). On September 30, 2013, during an ordinary public consistory, Pope Francis approved his canonization to be celebrated on Sunday April 27, 2014, feast of the Divine Mercy. His feast is celebrated on October 22.

Bibliography. Accanto a Giovanni Paolo II. Gli amici e i collaboratori raccontano. Con un contributo esclusivo del papa emerito Benedetto XVI. A cura di Wlodzimierz Redzioch. Milano : Edizioni Ares, 2014; Ambrogetti, Angela. Compagni di viaggio. Interviste al volo con Giovanni Paolo II. Prefazione di Federico Lombardi. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2011; Bernstein, Carl and Marco Politi. His Holiness: John Paul II and the hidden history of our time. New York : Doubleday, 1996; Boniecki, Adam. Kalendarium życia Karola Wojtyły. Kraków : Znak, 2000; Boccardo, Renato ; Agasso, Renzo. Il «mio» Giovanni Paolo II. Cinisello Balsamo ; Paoline Edizioni, 2013. (I radar); Bray, Massimo. "Giovanni Paolo II." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, III, 681-697; Czaczkowska, Ewa. Kardynał Wyszyński. Warszawa : Świat Książki-Bertelsmann Media, 2009; Dherbier, Yann-Brice ; Verlhac, Pierre-Henri ; Tincq, Henri. Pope John Paul II : a life in pictures. New York : powerHouse Books, 2005; Duffy, Eamon. Ten popes who shook the world. New Haven [Conn.] : Yale University Press, 2011. Contents: St Peter -- Leo the Great -- Gregory the Great -- Gregory VII -- Innocent III -- Paul III -- Pio Nono -- Pius XII -- John XXIII -- John Paul II; Dyduch, Jan.Kanoniczne wizytacje parafii kardynała Karola Wojtyły. Kraków : Wydawnictwo Św. Stanisława BM Archidiecezji Krakowskiej, 2000; Dyduch, Jan. Kardynała Karol Wojtyła w służbie Konferencji Episkopatu Polski. Kraków : Wydawnictwo Naukowe Papieskiej Akademii Teologicznej, 2007; Dziwisz, Stanisław. Ho vissuto con un santo. Milano : Rizzoli, 2013. (Saggi italiani); Dyduch, Jan. Kardynała Karol Wojtyła w służbie Kościołowi powszechnemu. Udział w pracach Kurii Rzymskiej i Synodów Biskupich, Kraków : Wydawnictwo Św : Stanisława BM Archidiecezji Krakowskiej, 1998; Dziwisz , Stanislao. Una vita con Karol. Conversazione con Gian Franco Svidercoschi. Milano : Rizzoli, 2007; From Pope John Paul II to Benedict XVI : an inside look at the end of an era, the beginning of a new one, and the future of the church. Edited by Mary Ann Walsh ; with reporting by Catholic News Service. Lanham, Md. : Rowman & Littlefield Publishers, 2005; Gerosa, Libero. Diritti e popoli in Giovanni Paolo II. Principi fondamentali e prospettive future. Lugano : Eupress-FTL (Facoltà di Teologia di Lugano), 2013; Kindziuk, Milena. Matka papieża. Poruszająca opowieśćo Emilii Wojtyłowej. Kraków : Znak, 2013; Noonan, Peggy. John Paul the great : remembering a spiritual father. New York : Viking, 2005; Oder, Slawomir ; Gaeta, Saverio. Perchè è santo. Il vero Giovanni Paolo II raccontato dal postulatore della causa di beatificazione. Firenze : Razzoli, 2010; Nitecki, Piotr. Biskupi Kościoła w Polsce w latach 965-1999. Słownik biograficzny. Przedmowa Henryk Gulbinowicz. Warszawa : Instytut Wydawniczy "Pax", Warszawa 2000, col. 491-492; Raina, Peter. Kardynał Wyszyński. Vol. 1-15 [1901-1975]. Warszawa : von borowiecky, 1998; Riccardi Andrea. Giovanni Paolo II. La biografia, Cinisello Balsamo : San Paolo, 2011; Riccardi, Andrea. La santità di Papa Wojtyła. Cinisello Balsamo : San Paolo, 2014; Romaniuk, Marian P. Kardynał Stefan Wyszyński Prymas Tysiąclecia. Przewodnik bibliograficzny 1921-2005. Radom : Polskie Wydawnictwo Encyklopedyczne, 2006; Romaniuk, Marian P. Źycie, twórczość i posługa Stefana Kardynała Wyszyńskiego Prymasa Tysiąclecia. Vol. 1-4. Warszawa : Pax, 1994-2002; Socci, Antonio. I segreti di Karol Wojtyla. Milan : Rizzoli, 2009. Contents: Premessa 7; La scoperta inattesa 9; Segni e profezie attorno a Wojtyla 69; Da Medjugorje a Civitavecchia: qual è il messaggio? 149; La paura e la speranza 215; Spinello, Richard A. The genius of John Paul II : the great pope's moral wisdom. Lanham, MD ; Sheed & Ward ; Distributed by National Book Network, 2007. Contents: Faith, reason, and morals -- Competing moral visions -- The nature of the human person -- Freedom, the good, and the moral law -- The moral person -- Ethics for modern life -- Conclusions -- Appendix: the life and writings of John Paul II; Svidercoschi, Gian Franco. L'ereditá di Giovanni Paolo II. Cinisello Balsamo : San Paolo, 2009; Svidercoschi, Gian Franco. Il Papa e l'amico ebreo. Storia di un'amicizia ritrovata. Città del Vaticano ; Milano : Librerma Editrice Vaticana ; Cairo, 2014; Szczypka, Józef. Jan Paweł II. Rodowód. Warszawa : Pax 1991; Szulc, Tad. Pope John Paul II. New Jersey, Prentice Hall, 1995; Weigel, George. Witness to hope : the biography of Pope John Paul II. New York : Cliff Street Books, 1999; Wuerl, Donald W. The gift of Blessed John Paul II : a celebration of his enduring legacy. Frederick, MD : Word Among Us Press, 2011. Contents: Focus on the future : Redemptor hominis (The redeemer of man) -- Handing on the faith : Catechesi tradendae (On catechesis in our time) -- God's mercy : Dives in misericordia (Rich in mercy) -- A "gospel" of work : Laborem exercens (On human work) -- The family as foundation : Familiaris consortio (On the role of the Christian family in the modern world) -- Sin and forgiveness : Reconciliatio et paenitentia (Reconciliation and penance) -- Models of evangelization : Slavorum Apostoli (the Apostles to the Slavs) -- Lord and giver of life : Dominum et vivificantem (the Holy Spirit, lord and giver of life) -- Behold your mother : Redemptoris mater (The mother of the Redeemer) -- Building a better world : Sollicitudo rei socialis (On social concern) -- Speak and live the faith : Christi fideles laici (The vocation and the mission of the lay faithful in the church and in the world) -- A quiet man with much to say : Redemptoris custos (On the person and mission of St. Joseph) -- Sowers of the seed : Redemptoris missio (The mission of the Redeemer) -- A commitment to care : Centesimus annus -- Forming good shepherds : Pastores dabo vobis (On the formation of priests in the circumstances of the present day) -- The truth sets us free : Veritatis splendor (The splendor of truth) -- A people of life and for life : Evangelium vitae (The gospel of life) -- Committed to Christian unity : Ut unum sint (On commitment to ecumenism) -- A priceless gift : Vita consecrata (The consecrated life) -- Faith, reason, and the truth : Fides et ratio (On the relationship between faith and reason) -- Encountering Christ in America : Ecclesia in America (the church in America) -- United to Mary : Rosarium Virginis Mariae (On the most holy rosary) -- A real presence : Ecclesia de Eucharistia (On the Eucharist in its relationship to the church) -- "Good shepherds" : Pastores gregis (The bishop, servant of the Gospel of Jesus Christ for the hope of the world); Zavattaro, Fabio. La valigia di Papa Wojtyla. Pavona di Albano Laziale (Castelli Romani, Roma) : Iacobelli, 2011. (Frammenti di memoria ; 24; Variation: Frammenti di memoria ; 24). Contents: In viaggio con Papa Wojtyla, 9; EI Korda, 14; II Grande viaggiatore, 21; Quando il Papa fa l'autostop, 28; In preghiera per la pace nel mondo, 33; Un viaggio tra indiani e cowboy. 42; Quando il Papa prende il treno, 49; Papa, cristianesimo e rivoluzione, 56; Dall'Atlantico agli Urali, 65; II generale e Felettricista, 72; Un francescano in Kazakistan, 81; In Siberia, la gente più colta, 89; La sfida ecumenica, 97; II francescano archeologo, 105; La Smokey mountain, 113; Nell'isola di al Qaeda, 120; UncleSam, 128; I bambini soldato, 136; La porta del cielo, 144; II tram giallo, 151; Quaranta anni con Papa Wojtyla, 159; Santo subito, 166; Zuchniewicz, Pawel. Miracles of John Paul II. Toronto : Catholic Youth Studio-KSM, 2006. Note: Originally published: Warsaw : Prószynski i S-ka, 2006.

Webgraphy. Photographs and biography by William B. Blakemore, in English (Britannica); portrait, arms and biography, in Italian, The Vatican; biography, in Italian, Enciclopedia on line, Treccani; his episcopal lineage by Charles N. Bransom, Jr., in English, Apostolic Succession in the Roman Catholic Church; portrait, arms and biographical information by Joseph L. Shetler, in English, Modern Popes (1800 to present), The Popes (1447 to date); and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Il beato Giovanni Paolo II ha rischiato di non nascere, in Italian, Vatican Insider, 16/10/2013; Nel 1977 con Wojtyla «il sovversivo» by Bruno Vespa, in Italian, Avvenire, 8 novembre 2013; Wojtyla, l''interprete del secolo XX by Cardinal Crescencio Sepe, Avvenire, 1 settembre 2014.

(1) Pope Benedict XVI announced on May 13, 2005, the opening of the cause of beatification of Pope John Paul II, waiving the normal waiting period of five years after the death of a Servant of God. The pope made the announcement in the course of a meeting with the Roman clergy in the basilica of St. John Lateran. The rescript - or document authorizing the act - was dated May 9, 2005 and was signed by Cardinal José Saraiva Martins and Archbishop Edward Nowak, respectively prefect and secretary of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. The diocesan phase of the process was opened on June 28, 2005, less than three months after Pope John Paul II's death, at the patriarchal Lateran basilica by Cardinal Camillo Ruini, vicar general of Rome; it was closed in that same basilica on April 2, 2007. The diocesan process over, the acts and documents passed to the Congregation for the Causes of Saints, where all the material was studied. On December 19, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI authorized the promulgation of the decree concerning his heroic virtues. On January 14, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI authorized the promulgation of a decree concerning a miracle attributed to his intercession. Pope John Paul II's remains were moved from the grotto located beneath St. Peter's basilica to a chapel in the main church. The transportation of the coffin took place without exhumation, hence the pope's body will not be exposed. The body was enclosed and the placement of his body was marked by a simple marble stone engraved with the words "Beatus Ioannes Paulus II." The pope's body was placed in the chapel of St. Sebastian, which is located between the chapel of the Pietà and the chapel of the Blessed Sacrament. The chapel housed the remains of Blessed Pope Innocent XI (1676-1689), and is named after the main figure in the mosaic above the altar, which was completed by Pier Paolo Cristofari. Statues of Pius XI and Pius XII flank the right and left sides of the altar, respectively. The remains of Bl. Pope Innocent XI were moved to another chapel.


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(51) 24. PELLEGRINO, Michele
(1903-1986)

Birth. April 25, 1903, Roata Chiusani, Centallo, diocese of Fossano, Italy. He was the only child of Giuseppe Pellegrino, a bricklayer, and Angela Ristorti, who died of typhus only four months after delivering her child.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Fossano from 1913; while a seminarian, he rendered military service in Mantua between March 1923 and April 1924; continued his studies at Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milan, where he earned a degree in letters with the thesis "La poesia di San Gregorio Nazianzeno" on July 12, 1929; and a degree in philosophy in 1933; and, finally, he also studied at Facoltà Teologica, Turin, where he earned a degree in theology in 1931.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 19, 1925, Centallo, by Quirico Travaini, bishop of Fossano. Further studies, 1925-1933. Spiritual director of the Seminary of Fossano, 1929-1933. In 1930, he became director of the weekly diocesan review La Fedeltà, published by the diocese of Fossano. Canon of the cathedral chapter of Fossano; vicar general; and vicar capitular, 1933-1943. He taught Greek and Latin grammar at the University of Turin from 1943 to1965. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, July 21, 1965.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Turin, September 18, 1965. Consecrated, October 17, 1965, by Giovanni Dadone, archbishop-bishop of Fossano, assisted by Giuseppe Beltrami, titular archbishop of Damasco, internuncio in Holland, and by Felicissimo Stefano Tinivella, O.F.M., titular bishop of Cana, former coadjutor of Turin. His episcopal motto was Evangelizare Pauperibus. Attended the last session of the Second Vatican Council, 1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of Ss.mo Nome di Gesù, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, August 1, 1977. After his retirement, at the request of his successor, Cardinal Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D., he continued to reside in Turin, living in the parish house of Vallo Torinese. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. He suffered an ictus on January 8, 1982, which left him immobilized for the rest of his life. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, April 25, 1983. He championed the cause of Italy's industrial workers and urged the pope to permit priests to marry; he was a major figure in the post-Second Vatican Council era, earning a reputation as a "new kind of bishop" for his strong stance in favor of theological freedom in the church.

Death. October 10, 1986, at Reparto S. Pietro of the Cottolengo Hospital, in Turin, shortly after receiving the last rites from his successor, Cardinal Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D., who gave him a special blessing sent to him by Pope John Paul II. According to his wishes, his corneas were donated following his death. Buried, as he had requested in his will, in the family plot, next to his parents, in the cemetery of Roata Chiusani.

Bibliography. Berardi, Mario. Il Vescovo che ha fatto strada ai poveri : testimonianze su Michele Pellegrino : scritti.. Firenze : Vallecchi, 1977. (Documenti e interventi). Con un'antologia a cura di Pier Giuseppe Accornero e Marco Bonatti; Brusa Caccia, Maria Elisabetta. Un padre e la sua città. Il card. Michele Pellegrino arcivescovo di Torino. Torino : Editrice Elle di Ci, 1996; Parola, Alessandro. Michele Pellegrino : gli anni giovanili. Cuneo : Primalpe, 2003.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(52) 25. RENARD, Alexandre-Charles
(1906-1983)

Birth. June 7, 1906, Avelin, diocese of Lille, France. Son of Jules Constant Jacques Renard, a university professor, and Claire Victorine Delos. His baptismal name was Alexandre Charles Albert Joseph.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Lille; and the Catholic University of Lille.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 12, 1931, Lille. Further studies, 1931-1933. Faculty member of Marcq College, Baraeul, 1933-1936. Faculty member of the Minor Seminary of Haubourdin, 1936-1938. Faculty member of the Catholic University of Lille, 1938-1943. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Lille, 1938-1947; Director of Works, Lille, 1947-1953.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Versailles, August 19, 1953. Consecrated, October 19, 1953, cathedral of Lille, by Cardinal Achille Liènart, bishop of Lille, assisted by Stanislas Courbe, titular bishop of Castoria, auxiliary of Paris, and by Alfred Ancel, titular bishop of Mirina, auxiliary of Lyon. His episcopal motto was In fidem ex fide. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lyon, May 28, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the title of S. Francesco da Paola ai Monti, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, June 29, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Opted for the title of SS. Trinità al Monte Pincio, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, October 29, 1981. He resided in "Ma Maison", a house of the Little Sisters of the Poor, congregation founded by St. Jeanne Jugan, at 23 rue de Varize, Paris. Commandeur of the Légion d'Honneur.

Death. Sunday October 8, 1983, at 4 a.m., after undergoing a minor surgery , in '"Clinique Saint-Jean de Dieu", 19 rue Oudinot, in Paris. Buried in the metropolitan and primatial cathedral of Saint-Jean Baptiste of Lyon.

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B. André and Fernand Combaluzier, C.M. Épiscopologe français des temps modernes, 1592-1973. Paris : Letouzey et Ané, 1974, p. 463-464.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(53) 26. BRENNAN, Francis John
(1894-1968)

Birth. May 7, 1894, Shenandoah, archdiocese of Philadelphia, United States of America. Son of James Brennan and Margaret Connors. His second baptismal name is also listed as Joseph.

Education. Studied at Saint Charles Borromeo Seminary, Overbrook, Philadelphia; at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome; and at the Pontifical Roman Seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 3, 1920, Rome, by Cardinal Basilio Pompilj, bishop of Velletri, vicar general of Rome. Further studies, 1920-1924. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Philadelphia, 1924-1928. Faculty member of St. Charles Borromeo Seminary, Overbrook, 1928-1940. Official of the archdiocesan curia of Philadelphia, 1937-1940. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, August 1, 1940; its dean, December 14, 1959.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tubune di Mauritania, June 10, 1967. Consecrated, June 25, 1967, church of S. Anselmo all'Aventino, Rome, by Cardinal Eugène Tisserant, bishop of title of suburbicarian sees of Ostia and Porto e Santa Rufina, dean of Sacred College of Cardinals, librarian and archivist of Holy Roman Church, assisted by Joseph Carroll McCormick, bishop of Scranton, and by Luigi Faveri, bishop of Tivoli. His episcopal motto was Testis in caelo fidelis.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received red biretta and deaconry of S. Eustachio, June 29, 1967. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments, January 15, 1968.

Death. July 2, 1968, at 9 a.m., from a heart attack, at Misericordia Hospital of Philadelphia, where he had been admitted on June 17, after flying back home from Rome. The funeral mass at the metropolitan cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Philadelphia, was celebrated by Cardinal John Joseph Krol on Friday, July 5, 1968. Buried in the crypt of that cathedral (1).

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1970-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 204; Code, Bernard. American Bishops 1964-1970. St. Louis : Wexford Press, 1970, p. 6.

Webgraphy. His arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

Franciscus Brennan S.R.E. Cardinalis
Natus 1894    Ordinatus 1920
Sacrae Romanae Rotae Auditor 1940
Decanus 1959    Consecratus 1967
S.R.E. Cardinalis 1967
Praefectus S.Congr. De Disciplina
Sacramentorum 1968
Deo Placide Reddidit 1968


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(54) 27. GUT, O.S.B., Benno Walter
(1897-1970)

Birth. April 1, 1897, Reiden, diocese of Basel, Switzerland. His father was a teacher and organist.

Education. Joined the Order of Saint Benedict (Benedictines) at the Abbey of Einsiedeln; on January 1, 1918, at the Abbey College of Einsiedeln, he took the religious vows and the name of Benno, which was the name of the rector of the abbey, Benno Kuene, who had died a short time before; Musical Conservatory of Basel, Basel; University of Basel, Basel; International College of Saint Anselm, Rome; Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 10, 1921, Rome. Further studies, 1921-1923. Pastoral ministry in the Abbey of Einsiedeln, 1923-1930. Faculty member of the International College of Saint Anselm, Rome, 1930-1939. Faculty member and prefect of the Abbey College of Einsiedeln, 1939-1947. Elected abbot ordinary of Einsiedeln, April 15, 1947; received the abbatial benediction from Filippo Bernardini, titular archbishop of Antiochia di Pisidia, nuncio in Switzerland, May 5, 1947. Elected fourth abbot primate of the Benedictine Confederation, September 24, 1959. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Tuccabora, June 10, 1967. Consecrated, June 18, 1967, abbey of Einsiedeln, by Cardinal Eugène Tisserant, bishop of title of Ostia and Porto e Santa Rufina, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, assisted by Joseph Hasler, bishop of Sankt Gallen, and by Johannes Vonderach, bishop of Chur. His episcopal motto was Gaudete in Domino semper.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of June 26, 1967; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro, June 29, 1967. Prefect of the S.C. of Rites and president of the "Consilium" for the Application of the Liturgical Reform, January 8, 1968. Prefect of the S.C. for Divine Worship, May 7, 1969. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969.

Death. December 8, 1970, during the night in a Roman hospital, after suffering from an acute circulatory ailment. Buried in the abbey church of Maria Einsiedeln, Switzerland, on December 12, 1970.

Webgraphy. His portrait and arms, Araldica Vaticana; and The Abbots Primate of the Benedictine Confederation, The Order of Saint Benedict.

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