The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Paul VI (1963-1978)
Consistory of May 24, 1976 (V)


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(119) 1. BERAS ROJAS, Octavio Antonio
(1906-1990)

Birth. November 16, 1906, Seibo, archdiocese of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Eldest of the three children of Octavio Beras Zorrilla and Teresa Rojas Santana. Received the first communion in the convent of the Dominican friars from Adolfo Alejando Nouel, archbishop of Santo Domingo.

Education. Studied at the Seminary Santo Tomás de Aquino, Santo Domingo, 1923-1926; then, he was sent to Rome, where he resided in the Pontifical Collegio Pio Latino Americano; studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1926; for health reasons, he had to return to Santo Domingo and to its seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 13, 1933, metropolitan cathedral of Santo Domingo. Pastoral ministry in Santiago de los Caballeros, 1933-1935. Successively, 1935-1945, in the archdiocese of Santo Domingo, secretary general of archdiocese, director of ecclesiastical bulletin and of weekly newspaper Verdad Católica, of the Catholic radio station, founder of Federation of Catholic Youth, president of ecclesiastical tribunal, organizer of the archdiocesan synod, honorary canon of the metropolitan chapter, pro-vicar general, and pastor of the metropolitan cathedral.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Eucaita and appointed coadjutor of Santo Domingo, with right of succession, May 2, 1945. Consecrated, August 12, 1945, metropolitan cathedral of Santo Domingo, by Manuel Arteaga y Betancourt, archbishop of San Cristóbal de La Habana, assisted by Enrique Pérez Serantes, archbishop of Santiago de Cuba, and by Aloysius Joseph Willinger, C.Ss.R., bishop of Ponce. His episcopal motto was In hoc signo vinces. Apostolic administrator sede plena of Santo Domingo. Secretary general of the General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Counsel, July 25 to August 2, 1955, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Succeeded to the primatial and metropolitan see of Santo Domingo, December 10, 1961. Military vicar for the Dominican Republic, December 8, 1962. Member of the Central Committee of the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. President of the Episcopal Conference of Dominican Republic, 1965-. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Sisto, May 24, 1976. Attended the IV Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, November 15, 1981. Resigned the military vicariate, November 15, 1982. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, November 16, 1986. He was the first cardinal from the Dominican Republic.

Death. December 1, 1990, Santo Domingo. Buried in the primatial and metropolitan cathedral of Santo Domingo.

Webgraphy. His photograph and biography by Rafael Bello Peguero, in Spanish, Sistema de Bibliotecas PUCMM; biography, in German, Wikipedia; biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; His arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; Letter from Pope John Paul II to Card. Octavio Antonio Beras Rojas on the 50th anniversary of his priestly ordination (July 22, 1983), in Latin, Libreria Editrice Vaticana.


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(120) 2. ROSSI, Opilio
(1910-2004)

Birth. May 14, 1910, New York, United States of America. Son of Angelo Rossi and Davidina Ciappa. He moved to Italy with his mother as a young boy and was raised at Cereseto, where his maternal uncle, Father Lazzaro Chiappa, was the parish priest. When Father Chiappa was transferred to the parish of Corso in 1915, Opilio and his mother moved to Scopolo, where he received his first communion and confirmation when he was seven from Bishop Giovanni Maria Pellizzari of Piacenza. In 1917, his father returned to Italy from the United States; the following year, in September 1918, his mother died. The following December, Father Chiappa and his maternal grandparents took Opilio to Corso.

Education. Initial education at the local schools of Corso; later, he studied at Collegio Alberoni, Piacenza; Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Rome (doctorate in canon law with a thesis on St. Basil); Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 11, 1933, Rome. Celebrated his first mass, assisted by his uncle, Father Lazzaro Chiappa, in Piacenza. Incardinated in diocese of Piacenza. Further studies, 1933-1937. Attaché at Secretariat of State, 1937-1938. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, September 1, 1938. Secretary of the nunciature in Belgium, 1938-1939; in Holland, 1939-1940. Auditor of the nunciature in Germany, 1940-1945; in Holland, 1945-1948. Member of the Third Pontifical Mission to Germany, 1948-1951. Counselor of the nunciature in Germany, 1951-1953.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Ancira and appointed nuncio in Ecuador, November 21, 1953. Consecrated, December 27, 1953, cathedral of Santa Maria Assunta, Piacenza, by Aloisius Joseph Muench, archbishop-bishop of Fargo, nuncio in Germany, assisted by Umberto Malchiodi, titular archbishop of Serre, coadjutor with succession of the archbishop-bishop of Piacenza, and by Artemio Prati, bishop of Carpi. His episcopal motto was Omnia in Christo. Nuncio in Chile, March 25, 1959. Nuncio in Austria, September 25, 1961. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry S. Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio, May 24, 1976. President of the Pontifical Council for Laity, December 10, 1976. President of the Pontifical Committee for the Family, December 10, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Special papal envoy to the 4th Bolivarian Eucharistic Congress, Panamá, April 11 to 18, 1982. Cardinal protodeacon, February 2, 1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. President of the Pontifical Committee for International Eucharistic Congresses, December 5, 1983. Resigned the presidency of the council, April 8, 1984. President of the Cardinalitial Commission for the Pontifical Shrines of Pompeii, Loreto and Bari, April 8, 1984. Special papal envoy to the National Eucharistic Congress, Managua, Nicaragua, November 17 to 23, 1986; to the celebrations of 9th centennial of the transfer of St. Nicholas' body, Bari, Italy, May 1987. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina, June 22, 1987. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, May 14, 1990. Resigned the committee presidency, January 3, 1991. Resigned the presidency of the commission, September 12, 1993.

Death. February 9, 2004, in the morning, Domus Internationalis Paulus VI, Rome. The funeral mass was celebrated by Pope John Paul II in the patriarchal Vatican basilica on the following February 13. Another requiem mass, presided by Bishop Luciano Monari of Piacenza-Bobbio, was celebrated the next day at the Shrine Basilica of the Madonna di S. Marco, Bedonia. Buried in the chapel of Madonna di Lourdes, parish church of Scopolo, diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio, where he used to pray as a child.

Bibliography. Squicciarini, Donato. Nunzi apostolici a Vienna. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1998, p. 268-271.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(121) 3. SENSI, Giuseppe Maria
(1907-2001)

Birth. May 27, 1907, Cosenza, Italy. Sixth of the ten children of Hon. Francesco Sensi (member of the directoy of the Popular Party and president for many years of the Calabrese Catholic Action) and Marchioness Andreotti-Loria.

Education. Studied at the ginnasio of the Seminary of Cosenza from 1922 to 1929 (liceale studies); then, at the Pontifical Roman Seminary (philosophy and theology); at the Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in theology; at the Pontifical Athenaeum "S. Apollinare, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law in 1932; wrote a thesis on Catholic cooperativism; and finally, at the Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome, from 1933, where he studied diplomacy.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1929, Rome. Further studies, 1930-1932. Minutant in the S.C. of the Council, 1933-1934. Joined the diplomatic service of the Holy See, 1934. Secretary of the nunciature in Romania, 1934-1938. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, March 14, 1935. Secretary of the nunciature in Hungary, 1939. Auditor of the nunciature in Switzerland, 1940-1946. Counselor of the nunciature in Belgium 1946-1947. Domestic prelate of His Holiness (no date found). Attached to the Vatican Secretariat of State, 1947. Counselor of the nunciature in Czechoslovakia, 1947-1949. In charge of international Catholic organizations in the international section of the Vatican Secretariat of State, 1949-1953. Permanent observer of the Holy See before UNESCO, 1953-1956. Chief of the Holy See delegation to the UNESCO General Assembly, Montevideo, Uruguay, 1954.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Sardi and appointed nuncio in Costa Rica, May 21, 1955. Consecrated, July 24, 1955, Rome, by Cardinal Valerio Valeri, prefect of the S.C. for Religious, assisted by Carlo Confalonieri, titular archbishop of Nicopoli al Nesto, secretary of the S.C.for Seminaries and Universities, and by Egidio Vagnozzi, titular archbishop of Mina, nuncio in Philippines. Apostolic delegate in Jerusalem and Palestine, January 12, 1957. Nuncio in Ireland, May 10, 1962. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Nuncio in Portugal, July 8, 1967.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1978. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, May 27, 1987. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and the title of Regina Apostolorum, June 22, 1987.

Death. July 26, 2001, in the Clinic "Pio XI, in Rome, where he had been interned for some time. Buried in the family chapel, cemetery of Colle Mussano, Cosenza.

Webgraphy. Photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; biography, in Polish, Wikipedia; photographs, Araldica Vaticana; Lettera di Giovanni Paolo II all'Em.mo Cardinale Giuseppe Maria Sensi per il 50ª di sacerdozio, in Italian, Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 12 dicembre 1979.


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(122) 4. ARAMBURU, Juan Carlos
(1912-2004)

Birth. February 11, 1912, Reducción, diocese of Río Cuarto, Argentina. Spent his infancy in Reducción, Spain and Buenos Aires.

Education. Studied at Colegio De La Salle, Buenos Aires; at the Seminary of Córdoba from 1923; and later, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned doctorates in philosophy and canon law; while in Rome, he resided at Collegio Pio Latino Americano.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1934, Collegio Pio Latino Americano, Rome. Successively, 1934-1946, pastoral ministry in the diocese of Río Cuarto; vicar cooperator of Villa del Rosario parish, province of Córdoba; professor of canon law and vice-rector of Nuestra Señora de Loreto Seminary, Córdoba; faculty member of National University of Córdoba.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Platea and appointed auxiliary of Tucumán, October 7, 1946. Consecrated, December 15, 1946, at the cathedral of Córdoba, by Fermín Lafitte, archbishop of Córdoba, assisted by Leopoldo Buteler, obispo de Río Cuarto, and Ramón José Castellano, titular bishop of Flaviade, auxiliary of Córdoba. Named bishop of Tucumán, August 28, 1953. His episcopal motto was Adveniat regnum tuum. Promoted to archbishop when Tucumán was elevated to metropolitan see, March 13, 1957. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to titular see of Torri di Bizancena and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Buenos Aires, June 14, 1967. Attended the Second General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council, August 24 to September 6, 1968, Medellín, Colombia; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969. Succeeded to the primatial see of Buenos Aires, April 22, 1975. Ordinary for the faithful of Oriental rite in Argentina who did not have an ordinary of their own rite.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Meeting of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979, Vatican City. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 31, 1981. President of the Episcopal Conference of Argentina, 1982-1985. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, July 10, 1990. Special papal envoy to the centennial celebration of the coronation of the image of Our Lady of del Valle, Catamarca, Argentina, April 12, 1991. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 11, 1992. Attended the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992.

Death. November 18, 2004, suffered a fatal cardiac failure as he prepared to go to hear confessions at the Shrine of San Cayetano, in Buenos Aires. Buried in the chapel of San Juan Bautista, in front of the altar of Nuestra Señora de los Desamparados, in the metropolitan cathedral of Buenos Aires (1), contiguous to the chapel where his successor, Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, is buried.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, AICA; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, kindly provied by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

ADVENIAT REGNUM TUUM
JUAN CARLOS CARDENAL ARAMBURU
Iº ARZOBISPO DE TUCUMÁN
IXº ARZOBISPO DE BUENOS AIRES
11.II.1912      18.XI.2004


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(123) 5. BAFILE, Corrado
(1903-2005)

Birth. July 4, 1903, L'Aquila, archdiocese of L'Aquila, Italy. The youngest of the twelve children of Vincenzo Bafile, a physician, and Maddalena Tedeschini D'Annibale. He was baptized in the church of Santa Maria Paganica, L'Aquila.

Education. Initial studies in the public elementary school, L'Aquila; Lyceum "Domenico Cotugno," L'Aquila; Faculty of Chemistry, University of Münich, Münich, Germany; after the death of his father, entered the Faculty of Law, University of Rome, Rome, (doctorate in law, 1926); Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (philosophy for one year); Major Roman Seminary, Rome; Pontifical Lateran Athenaeum, Rome (doctorate in canon law); Pontifical Academy of Ecclesiastical Nobles, Rome (1936-1939).

Early life. Once he passed the exam for the practice of the profession of legal procurator, he was inscribed in the register of the Court of Appeals of L'Aquila, June 1927. Entered the seminary in 1932 after the death of a brother.

Priesthood. Ordained, Holy Saturday, April 11, 1936, Rome. Further studies, 1936-1939. Attached to the Vatican Secretariat of State and pastoral ministry in Rome, 1939-1960. At the same time, he did pastoral ministry as chaplain to the Abruzzi community in Rome and as national chaplain to the Legion of Mary in Italy. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, June 24, 1954.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Antiochia di Pisidia and appointed nuncio in Germany, February 13, 1960. Consecrated, March 19, 1960, at the Sistine Chapel, Vatican City, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Diego Venini, titular archbishop of Adana, privy almoner of His Holiness, and by Peter Canisus van Lierde, O.S.A., titular bishop of Porfireone, papal sacristan. His episcopal motto was Obedientia et pax. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Appointed pro-prefect of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints, July 18, 1975.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, May 24, 1976. Prefect of S.C. for the Causes of the Saints, May 25, 1976. Attended the IV Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the prefecture, June 27, 1980. Attended the Second Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 23 to 26, 1982, Vatican City. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, July 4, 1983. Attended the Third Plenary Assembly of the College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 21 to 23, 1985. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated, pro illa vice, to title, June 22, 1987. He was well enough to be received by Pope John Paul II on the occasion of his one hundredth birthday.

Death. February 3, 2005, of influenza related complications, at Clinica Pio XI, in Rome. His funeral mass was presided by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger, dean of the College of Cardinals. Buried, temporarily, in his family's tomb in L'Aquila. In July 2006, his remains were transferred to the parish church of S. Maria Paganica, L'Aquila, where he was baptized, and placed in a specially constructed sarcophagus at the right of the church entrance, following a ceremony presided by Archbishop Giuseppe Molinari of L'Aquila. At his death, he was the oldest member of the Sacred College of Cardinals.

Webgraphy. His photograph and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.


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(124) 6. THIANDOUM, Hyacinthe
(1921-2004)

Birth. February 2, 1921, Poponguine, archdiocese of Dakar, Sénégal. Son of François Ndiémé, who was a catechist and a fisherman who cultivated the millet and groundnut during the winter, and Anna Ndiémé Sène. He was named in memory of Hyacinthe Gallabert, bishop of Sénégambie well before independence. He spent his early life in a milieu in which the Muslims were the majority; one of his brothers was a Muslim and some of his nephews were imams.

Education. Studied at the Regional Seminary of Dakar; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in philosophy and sociology.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 18, 1949, Dakar, by Marcel François Lefèbvre, C.S.Sp., titular archbishop of Arcadiopoli di Europa, apostolic vicar of Dakar, and apostolic delegate for Francophone Francofona. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Dakar, 1949-1951. Further studies, Rome, 1951-1953. In the archdiocese of Dakar, responsible for the Catholic Action; pastoral ministry, 1953-1960; pastor of the cathedral; and vicar general, 1960-1962.

Episcopate. Elected metropolitan archbishop of Dakar, February 24, 1962. Consecrated, May 20, 1962, Dakar, by Jean-Marie Maury, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, internuncio in Sénégal and apostolic delegate in Western French Africa, assisted by Bernardin Gantin, archbishop of Cotonou, and by Prosper Dodds, bishop of Ziguinchor. His episcopal motto is In Verbo tuo laxabo rete. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 29, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. President of the Episcopal Conference of Sénégal-Mauritania until 1987. Vice-president of the Episcopal Pan-African Symposium.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria del Popolo, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; president-delegate; member of the general secretariat, 1977 to 1980. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Second General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; its relator general; member of the general secretariat, 1987 to 1990; the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, April 10 to May 8, 1994; its relator; member of the Council of the General Secretariat of the Special Assembly for Africa. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, June 2, 2000. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 2, 2001. His moral authority went beyond the Christian community; he had excellent relations with the Muslim community and especially with the marabout Thierno Saïdou Nourou Tall, whom he called mon père (my father). He was the first cardinal from Sénégal.

Death. May 18, 2004, at 6 p.m., of lung cancer complications, at the geriatric hospital "Saint Thomas de Villeneuve" in Aix-en-Provence, France. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Dakar on May 27, 2004.

Webgraphy. His photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(125) 7. NSUBUGA, Emmanuel
(1914-1991)

Birth. November 11, 1914, Kisule, archdiocese of Kampala, Uganda. His first name is Emmanuel Kiwanuka.

Education. Studied at the Major Seminary of Katigondo.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 15, 1946, Katigondo. Pastoral ministry in archdiocese of Kampala, 1946-1966; vicar general, 1961-1966; vicar capitular, 1966.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Kampala, August 5, 1966. Consecrated, October 30, 1966, Nukivalo Stadium, Kampala, by Cardinal Laurean Rugambwa, bishop of Bukoba, assisted by Guido Del Mestri, titular archbishop of Tuscania, pro-nuncio in Uganda, and by Jean-Marie Ogez, M.Afr., bishop of Mbarara. President of the Ugandan Episcopal Conference, 1967-1975. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, September 29 to October 29, 1967, Vatican City; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971; the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. He was a fervent opponent of human rights abuses during military dictatorship of Idi Amin Dada. During the latter's rule, Nsubuga spoke against the government's human rights abuses. He also encouraged priests and nuns throughout the country to shelter people fleeing harassment by the army during the civil war that later raged during the government of Milton Obote, Amin's predecessor and successor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Nuova, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, February 8, 1990. He was the first cardinal from Uganda.

Death. April 20, 1991, of blood and bone cancer in a hospital in Cologne, Germany, where he had been admitted on the previous December 5. Buried at the Mapeera Bakateyamba Home, Nalukolongo, Kampala, in a specially constructed mausoleum behind the church built in 1924, in memory of twenty two Catholic Martyrs.


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(126) 8. SCHRÖFFER, Joseph
(1903-1983)

Birth. February 20, 1903, Ingolstadt, Germany.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Eichstätt; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 28, 1928, Rome. Further studies, 1928-1931, Rome. Pastoral ministry among German exiles, 1931-1933. Faculty member, Superior School of Philosophy and Theology, Eichstätt, 1933-1941. Vicar general of Eichstätt, 1941-1948.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Eichstätt, July 23, 1948. Consecrated, September 21, 1948, Eichstätt, by Joseph Kolb, archbishop of Bamberg, assisted by Joseph Wendel, bishop of Speyer, and by Arthur Michael Landgraf, titular bishop of Eudocia, auxiliary of Bamberg. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities, May 17, 1967. Promoted to the titular see of Voturno, January 2, 1968.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Saba, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979, Vatican City. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the jubilee of the cathedral of Cologne, Germany, August 15, 1980. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, February 20, 1983.

Death. September 7, 1983, Nürenberg, Germany. Buried in the cathedral of Eichstätt.


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(127) 9. PICACHY, S.J., Lawrence Trevor
(1916-1992)

Birth. August 7, 1916, Darjeeling, India.

Education. Joined Society of Jesus (Jesuits) in 1934; studied at Saint Joseph College, Dajeerling; at Saint Stanislaus College, Hazaribagali, Bihor; at Sacred Heart College, Shembaganur; at Saint Francis Xavier's College, Calcutta; and at Saint Mary's College, Kurslong, Himalaya.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 21, 1947. Faculty member and rector, Saint Francis Xavier's College, Calcutta, 1950-1960. Pastoral ministry, Basanti, 1960-1962.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Jamshedpur, July 12, 1962. Consecrated, September 9, 1962, Golmuri, church of Saint Joseph, by James Knox, titular archbishop of Melitene, internuncio in India and apostolic delegate in Burma and Ceylon, assisted by Pius Kerketta, S.J., archbishop of Ranchi, and by Augustine Francis Wildermuth, S.J., bishop of Patna. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Calcutta, May 29, 1969. Attended the III Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. President of the Episcopal Conference of India, 1976-.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest, May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of Sacro Cuore di Maria, May 24, 1976. Attended the IV Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the V Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; one of the three president delegates. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese on April 5, 1986.

Death. November 30, 1992, Calcutta. Buried, Jesuit Dhyanashram, Thakurpukur.


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(128) 10. SIN, Jaime Lachica
(1928-2005)

Birth. August 31, 1928, New Washington, diocese of Kalibo, Philippines. The 14th of 16 children of a Chinese merchant, Juan Sin, and a Filipino woman, Maxima Reyes Lachica. He was educated in the faith by his mother, a woman of great religiosity who converted her husband to the Catholic faith before their marriage. He had a sense of humor about his name, often referring to his residence as "the house of Sin".

Education. In 1941 he entered the Minor Seminary of St. Vincent Ferrer in Jaro, where he stayed for only a few months as the War of the Pacific and the Japanese occupation of the Philippines forced him to seek refuge with his family in the mountains for three years; St. Vincent Ferrer Archdiocesan Seminary, Jaro.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 3, 1954, Jaro, by Antonio Frondosa, bishop of Capiz. His first pastoral endeavor was to visit each one of the hundreds of small widespread parishes and to inspire vocations for the new St. Pius X Seminary, 1954-1957. First rector of St. Pius X Seminary, Roxas City, 1957-1967; he also served as principal, dean of studies, professor and diocesan consultant. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, February 26, 1960.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Obba and appointed auxiliary of Jaro, February 10, 1967. Consecrated, March 18, 1967, cathedral of Roxas City, by Antonio Frondosa, bishop of Capiz, assisted by Juan Nilmar, titular bishop of Zapara, coadjutor with right of succession of Davao, and by Manuel S. Salvador, titular bishop of Nasbinca, auxiliary of Cebú. Apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Jaro, June 20, 1970. Promoted to titular archbishop of Massa Lubrense and appointed coadjutor, with right of succession, of Jaro, January 15, 1972. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Jaro, October 8, 1972. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Manila, January 21, 1974. Vice-President of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines January 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria ai Monti, May 24, 1976. President of the Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines, January 1977; re-elected, July 1979 to 1981. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; member of the general secretariat, 1977 - 1980. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Meeting of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of the general secretariat, 1980-1983. Member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 31, 1981. Hosted the visit of Pope John Paul II to Philippines, 1981. President delegate, Jubilee Celebration Fátima, Portugal, 12 to 13 October 1981. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of the general secretariat, 1983-1986; membership extended until 1987 in the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. He played a decisive role in the "people power'' uprising that culminated with the overthrow of Ferdinand Marcos in 1986. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Hosted the second visit of Pope John Paul II to Philippines for the celebration of the Youth World Day, January 15, 1995 at Rizal Park, Manila, with the participation of four million people, the largest Christian gathering ever in history. In 2001, he led large street protests that provoked the fall of President Joseph Estrada, who was accused of corruption and misrule. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Manila for having reached the age limit was accepted, September 15, 2003. Apostolic administrator of the archdiocese of Manila, September 15, 2003 until November 21, 2003. He received several awards for his defense of human rights as well as thirty honorary degrees from colleges and universities throughout the world. Did not participate in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI, for reasons of health. Given the Golden Palm of Jerusalem, the highest award of service of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem on April 28, 2005, at Villa San Miguel, Mandaluyong City. Cardinal Sin was the first Filipino to receive this award.

Death. June 21, 2005, at 6:17 a.m., at the Cardinal Santos Medical Center in San Juan, Metro Manila. Buried in the crypt beneath Manila's metropolitan cathedral on Tuesday, June 28, 2005, beside the tomb of Archbishop Gabriel B. Reyes, the first Filipino archbishop of Manila. Cardinal Rufino Jiao Santos, the first Filipino to be promoted to the cardinalate, is also buried in that crypt. On February 25, 2011, as part of a program of the 25th People Power revolution anniversary in Manila, a monument commemorating Cardinal Jaime Sin was unveiled in the presence of Philippine President Benigno Aquino and Cardinal Gaudencio Rosales, archbishop of that city.

Bibliography. Bautista, Felix B. Cardinal Sin and the miracle of Asia : a biography. Manila : Vera-Reyes, Inc., 1987; Bransom, Charles. "Philippine episcopology (IV. 1961-1970)." Boletín Eclesiástico de Filipinas, LXV, 718-719 (September-October 1989), 672.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; photograph, coat of arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Manila; and his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(129) 11. BAUM, William Wakefield
(1926-2015)

Birth. November 21, 1926, Dallas, Texas, United States of America. Son of Harold E. White, a Protestant, and Mary Leona Hayes. He was a young child when his father died and the family moved to Kansas City, Missouri; subsequently, his mother married Jerome C. Baum, a Jewish gentleman, who adopted William and gave him his last name.

Education. Primary education at St. Peter's parochial school, Kansas City; St. Johns Minor Seminary, Kansas City, 1939; Kenrick Seminary, St. Louis (philosophy and theology); Pontifical Angelicum Athenaeum, Rome, 1956-1958 (doctorate in theology, 1958).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 12, 1951, church of St. Peter, Kansas City, by Edwin Vincent O'Hara, bishop of Kansas City. Pastoral ministry, Kansas City, and faculty member of St. Theresa College, 1951-1956. Further studies, 1956-1958. Successively, 1958-1962, in the diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, pastoral ministry, notary of the ecclesiastical tribunal, secretary of the liturgical diocesan commission, examiner of the clergy. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, January 27, 1961. Vice chancellor of the diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, 1962-1965. Expert at the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Executive secretary of the episcopal committee for Ecumenical Affairs, U.S. National Conference of Catholic Bishops, 1964-1967. Chancellor of the diocese of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, 1967-1970. Papal prelate, July 13, 1968.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Springfield-Cape Girardeau, February 18, 1970. Consecrated, April 6, 1970, cathedral of St. Agnes, Springfield, by Cardinal John Joseph Carberry, archbishop of St. Louis, assisted by Charles Herman Helmsing, bishop of Kansas City-Saint Joseph, and by Joseph Vincent Sullivan, titular bishop of Tagamuta, auxiliary of Kansas City-Saint Joseph. His episcopal motto was Ministerium reconciliationis. Attended the Second Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Promoted to the archdiocesan see of Washington, March 5, 1973.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Croce in Via Flaminia, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5-9, 1979. Prefect of the S.C. for Catholic Education and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Gregorian University, January 15, 1980. Resigned pastoral government of the archdiocese of Washington, March 18, 1980. Attended the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Grand chancellor of the Pontifical Institute of Christian Archeology, November 26, 1980. Attended the Second Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 23-26, 1982; the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Third Plenary Assembly of the College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 21-23, 1985; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Penitentiary Major, April 6, 1990. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the First Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999; the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Resigned post of penitentiary major, November 22, 2001. Represented the pope at the funeral of Cardinal James Aloysius Hickey, archbishop emeritus of Washington, celebrated at the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception in Washington, in October 2004. Participated in the conclave of April 18 to 19, 2005, which elected Pope Benedict XVI. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned 80 years old on November 21, 2006. In later years, he suffered from deteriorating eyesight. He retired to Washington, D.C., and resided at the Jeanne Jugan Home. He was the last cardinal elector created by Pope Paul VI and on March 8, 2011, he became the longest-serving American cardinal, surpassing the record established by Cardinal James Gibbons, archbishop of Baltimore, in 1921.

Death. July 23, 2015, at the house of the Little Sisters of the Poor on Harewood Road in Washington, D.C. After learning the news of the death of Cardinal Baum, Pope Francis prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Cardinal Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington (1). The vigil for Cardinal Baum was on July 30, from 3 to 6:30 p.m. at the metropolitan cathedral of St. Matthew the Apostle in Washington, where the Vigil Mass was celebrated that evening at 7 p.m. Cardinal Wuerl celebrated the Funeral Mass for Cardinal Baum on July 31 at 2 p.m. at the metropolitan cathedral of St. Matthew, and interment was in the crypt of the cathedral.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 159; Burton, Richard. "Baum, William Wakefield." New Catholic encyclopedia : jubilee volume, the Wojtyła years. Detroit, MI : Gale Group in association with the Catholic University of America, 2001, p. 253.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, College of Cardinals, Vatican Press Office; photograph and biography, in Italian, Collegio Cardinalizio, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Washington; photographs, arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Baum, longest serving US cardinal, witnessed and made history by Mark Zimmermann Catholic News Service, Jul. 24, 2015.

(1) This is the text of the telegram, taken from the Press Office of the Holy See:

His Eminence Cardinal Donald Wuerl
Archbishop of Washington

I was saddened to learn of the death of Cardinal William Wakefield Baum, Archbishop Emeritus of Washington, and I offer my heartfelt condolences, together with the assurance of my prayers, to you and to all the faithful of the Archdiocese. With gratitude for the late Cardinal's years of episcopal service in Springfield-Cape Girardeau and in Washington, and for his long service to the Apostolic See as Prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education and subsequently Major Penitentiary of the Apostolic Penitentiary, I join you in commending the late Cardinal's soul to God the Father of mercies. To all present at the Mass of Christian Burial and to all who mourn Cardinal Baum in the hope of the Resurrection, I cordially impart my Apostolic Blessing as a pledge of strength and consolation in the Lord.

FRANCIS PP.


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(130) 12. LORSCHEIDER, O.F.M., Aloísio
(1924-2007)

Birth. October 8, 1924, Estrela, archdiocese of Porto Alegre, Brazil. His baptismal name is Aloísio Leo Arlindo.

Education. Joined Order of Saint Francis on February 1, 1942. Started his formation at the Franciscan Novitiate, Divinópolis; then, studied at the Pontifical Antonianum Athenaeum, Rome; made the solemn profession on March 13, 1946.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 22, 1948, Divinópolis. Faculty member, Minor Seminary of Taguari, 1948-1950. Further studies, 1950-1952, Rome. Faculty member of the Franciscan Seminary, Divinópolis, 1952-1958; commissary of the Third Franciscan Order, definitor and master of novices of the Franciscan province of Divinópolis, 1952-1958. Faculty member, Pontifical Antonianum Athenaeum, Rome; pastoral ministry in the diocese of Rome, general visitor of the Franciscan province of Portugal, 1958-1962.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Santo Angelo, February 3, 1962. Consecrated, May 20, 1962, Porto Alegre, by Alfredo Vicente Scherer, archbishop of Porto Alegre, assisted by Benito Zorzi, bishop of Caxias, and by Luis de Nadal, bishop of Uruguaiana. is episcopal motto was In Cruce salus et vita. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. President of the Brazilian Episcopal Conference, 1971-. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967; the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. Vice-president of the Latin American Episcopal Conference (CELAM), 1972-1975. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Fortaleza, March 26, 1973. Attended the III Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Elected president of the Latin American Episcopal Council, December 5, 1976.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pietro in Montorio, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977; relator of the assembly; member of the general secretariat, 1977-1980. President of Caritas Internationalis. Appointed a president of the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, February 2, 1978; assembly scheduled for October 12 to 28, 1978, Puebla, México; suspended because of the death of the pope. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Confirmed as a president delegate of the Third General Assembly of the Latin American Episcopate, August 30, 1978. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the Third General Conference of the Latin American Episcopal Council, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; as one of its three presidents delegate. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of the general secretariat, 1980-1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of the general secretariat, 1983-1986. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; member of the general secretariat until 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1985; the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Aparecida, July, 12, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese upon having reached the age limit, January 28, 2004. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, October 8, 2004.

Death. December 23, 2007, at 5:20 a.m., of cardiac arrest complications and renal failure, in the Unit of Intensive Therapy, Hospital "São Francisco", center specializing in cardiology, Santa Casa de Misericórdia, Porto Alegre. The viewing started at 4 p.m., December 23, in the metropolitan cathedral of Porto Alegre. On December 26, 2007, at 9:30 a.m., Aloísio Dilli, O.F.M., bishop of Uruguaiana, presided the mass of the Franciscan family in the same cathedral; and at 6 p.m., Cardinal Odilo Pedro Scherer, archbishop of São Paulo and representative of Pope Benedict XVI, presided the exequial mass there. The apostolic nuncio in Brazil, Lorenzo Baldisseri, titular archbishop of Diocleziana; the president of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil and archbishop of Mariana, Geraldo Lyrio Rocha; and the president of the Latin American Episcopal Conference (CELAM) and archbishop of Aparecida, Raymundo Damasceno Assis, as well as numerous other bishops and authorities, participated in the funeral mass. Later on that day, the body was transferred to the Franciscan convent of Daltro Filho, municipality of Imigrante, 130 km from Porto Alegre; a viewing took place in the church of the Franciscan community and the burial was in that convent on December 27, 2007, at 5 p.m., marked with a mass presided by the bishop of Caxias do Sul, Paulo Moretto. Notes on the death of the cardinal were published by the National Conference of Catholic Bishops of Brazil; the archdiocese of Aparecida; and the Franciscan province of Rio Grande do Sul. Upon learning the news of the death, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of the soul of the cardinal and sent telegrams of condolence to the archbishop of Porto Alegre, Dadeus Grings; and to Rev. Fr. José Rodríguez Carballo, minister general of the Order of Friars Minor (Franciscans).

Bibliography. Chapeau, O.S.B., André and Charles N. Bransom. "Franciscan bishops." Franciscan Studies, XLVIII (1988), 307.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(131) 13. DELARGEY, Reginald
(1914-1979)

Birth. December 10, 1914, Timaru, diocese of Christchurch, New Zealand. He was the eldest child and only son of Archibald Patrick Delargey and Kathleen May Fitzgerald; she died in 1929 and his father brought up a family of six. His baptismal name was Reginald John.

Education. Initial studies at Catholic schools in Lawrence, Napier and Patea; Sacred Heart College, Auckland; Holy Cross College, Mosgiel, 1932-1934; Pontifical Urbanian Athenaeum, Rome, 1934-1939 (obtained a doctorate in theology in 1939).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 19, 1938, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, prefect of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. Returned to New Zealand after the start of the Second World War. Curate in the parish of Takapuna; and later at St Patricks cathedral, Auckland. Director of the Catholic Social Services of the diocese of Auckland, 1940-1947. He was appointed, in 1942, director of the Catholic Youth Movement; and later introduced the work of the Young Christian Students into the Catholic secondary schools. In 1957, he represented New Zealand at the congresses of Young Christian Workers and the Lay Apostolate celebrated in Rome.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Irima and appointed auxiliary of Auckland, November 25, 1957. Consecrated, February 27, 1958, Auckland, by James Michael Liston, archbishop-bishop of Auckland, assisted by Peter Thomas McKeefry, archbishop of Wellington, and by John Patrick Kavanagh, bishop of Dunedin. National director of Missions, 1958. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Transferred to the see of Auckland, September 1, 1970. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Wellington, April 25, 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of Inmmacolata al Tiburtino, May 24, 1976. President of the Episcopal Conference of New Zealand, 1976-1979. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II.

Death. January 29, 1979, of cancer, Mater Misericordiæ Hospital, Auckland. After an impressive funeral, which was televised live, he was buried in the priests' plot at Karori Cemetery, outside Wellington (1). In the same plot is buried Cardinal Peter Thomas McKeefry, archbishop of Wellington, first cardinal from New Zealand. Cardinal Delargey is commemorated by a memorial window in St. Patrick's Catholic church in Lawrence.

Bibliography. Sweetman, Rory. "Delargey, Reginald John 1914 - 1979". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography, vol. 5 (1941-1960), 2000.

(1) This is the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici from Malta:

PRAY FOR HIS EMINENCE
REGINALD JOHN CARDINAL DELARGEY
BORN DECEMBER 10 1914
ORDAINED PRIEST MARCH 19 1938
AUXILIARY BISHOP OF AUCKLAND DECEMBER 10 1970
ARCHBISHOP OF WELLINGTON JULY 16 1974
CARDINAL MAY 24 1976
DIED JANUARY 29 1979
MAY HE REST IN PEACE


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(132) 14. PIRONIO, Eduardo Francisco
(1920-1998)

Birth. December 3, 1920, Nueve de Julio, Argentina. He was the youngest of the twenty-two children of José Pironio and Enriqueta Rosa Butazzoni, an immigrant middle class family originally from Percoto, Friuli, Italy.

Education. Initial studies in the elementary school of Nueve de Julio; then, studied at the Seminary of San José, La Plata (philosophy and theology); and later, at the Pontifical Angelicum Athenaeum, Rome (licentiate in theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, December 5, 1943, basilica of Our Lady of Luján, Luján, by Annunziato Serafini, bishop of Mercedes. Faculty member, Pío XII Seminary, Mercedes, 1944-1959; vicar general of the diocese of Mercedes, 1959-1960. Rector of the Metropolitan Seminary of Villa Devoto, Buenos Aires, 1960-1964. Apostolic visitor to the Catholic Universities of Argentina, 1960. Faculty member and dean of the theological faculty of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina, Buenos Aires, 1960-1964. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1964, as an expert.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ceciri and appointed auxiliary of La Plata, March 24, 1964. Consecrated, May 31, 1964, Luján, by Antonio José Plaza, archbishop of La Plata, assisted by Antonio Quarracino, bishop of Nueve de Julio, and by Luis Juan Tomé, bishop of Mercedes. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1964-1965. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Avellaneda, 1967. Secretary general of the Latin American Episcopal Counsel (CELAM), 1967-1972. Attended the First Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 29, 1967. Attended the Second General Conference of Latin American Episcopate, August 24 to September 6, 1968, Medellín, Colombia; its secretary general. Attended the First Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 11 to 28, 1969; the Second Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to November 6, 1971. President of the Latin American Episcopal Counsel, 1972-1974; confirmed, 1974-1975. Transferred to the see of Mar del Plata, April 19, 1972. Preached the spiritual exercises for the pope and the Roman Curia, Lent 1974. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974; relator; member of its general secretariat, 1974-. Promoted to titular archbishop of Tiges and appointed pro-prefect of the S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes, September 20, 1975.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon, May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, May 24, 1976. Prefect of S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes, May 29, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended theThird General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Puebla, México, January 27 to February 13, 1979; the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983. Resigned the prefecture, April 8, 1984. Named president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, April 8, 1984. Named president of the Pontifical Commission for the Pastoral of Health Care Agents, February 16, 1985. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Opted for the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated, pro illa vice, to title, June 22, 1987. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; one of its three president delegates. Resigned the presidency of the commission, March 1, 1989. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; the Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Fourth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate, Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, October 12 to 28, 1992. Special papal envoy to the 5th National Marian Congress, Ibarra, Ecuador, December 8 to 12, 1992. Attended the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Named bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Sabina-Poggio Mirteto, July 11, 1995. Resigned the presidency of the Council for Laity, August 20, 1996. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997.

Death. Thursday February 5, 1998, of bone cancer, at Vatican City. On Saturday February 7, 1998, in the altar of the chair of the patriarchal Vatican basilica, Pope John Paul II presided over the funeral mass for the eternal repose of the late cardinal; the pope also delivered the homily; twenty seven cardinals concelebrated with the pope. The remains of Cardinal Pironio were transferred to Buenos Aires on February 11, 1998 and exposed in the metropolitan cathedral of that city. The funeral took place on Thursday February 12 in the metropolitan cathedral of Buenos Aires, presided by Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, archbishop of Buenos Aires, and concelebrated by 39 bishops and 141 priests. In attendance were the president of the Republic of Argentina, doctor Carlos Saúl Menem, and ministers of his government, representatives of the armed forces; the chief and vice-chief of the government of the city of Buenos Aires, Fernando de la Rúa and Enrique Olivera; and representatives of several Orthodox Oriental Churches. After the funeral, the mortal remains were taken to the abbey of "Santa Escolástica", of the Benedictine nuns, in Victoria, province of Buenos Aires, for a night vigil of prayers. The following day, the body was taken to the basilica of Our Lady of Luján, where a farewell mass was presided by Nuncio Ubaldo Calabresi and concelebrated by fifty one bishops and 180 priests, with 50 seminarians from different dioceses of Argentina in attendance. After the mass, the body was buried in the left lateral altar of that basilica, where the late cardinal had been ordained a priest and a bishop (1).

Beatification. The solemn opening of the diocesan phase of the process of the cause of beatification and canonization of the cardinal took on June 23, 2006, at noon, in Conciliazione Hall, Lateran apostolic palace, Rome, situated on Piazza San Giovanni in Laterano, 4, and was presided by Cardinal Camillo Ruini, vicar general of His Holiness for the diocese of Rome. The opening of the diocesan phase took place in Rome because it is the diocese where the cardinal lived his last years and where he died. The cardinal was instrumental in the organization of the World Youth Days. The Archdiocesan Tribunal of Buenos Aires initiated the Argentinian phase of the beatification process on February 22, 2007; it will hear the testimonies of approximately thirty three witnesses, bishops, priests, religious men and women, and lay people; the tribunal is presided by Joaquín Mariano Sucunza, auxiliary bishop and vicar general of the archdiocese of Buenos Aires, and is composed by Fr. Luis Glinka, delegate judge; Fr. Alejandro Bunge, adjunct judge; Fr. César Salvador Sturba, promoter of justice; notaries adjunct Sister Isabel Fernández and Miss Josefina Martinetto. The phase of gathering testimonies will continue in Argentina, and also in Spain and Colombia.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Spanish; homily of Pope John Paul II in the exequial mass in the patriarchal Vatican basmiica on February 7, 1998; homily of Cardinal Antonio Quarracino, in the exequies on February 12, 1998, in Spanish; his spiritual testament, in Spanish; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardenal Eduardo Pironio (1920-1998), video, You Tube; Eduardo Pironio, precursor del Papa Bergoglio Zenit, el munco visto desde Roma, 19 de enero de 2015.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

EDUARDO FRANCISCO
CARDENAL PIRONIO

3.XII.1920          5.II.1998


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(133) 15. LÉKAI, László
(1910-1986)

Birth. March 12, 1910, Zalalövo, diocese of Veszprém, Austro-Hungarian Empire (now Hungary). His father was a stovemaster, glazing tile stones in the village. His first name is also listed as Lung László.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Veszprém; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 28, 1934. Faculty member, Seminary of Veszprém and pastoral ministry in the diocese of Veszprém, 1934-1944. Episcopal counselor, 1943. Secretary to Jószef Mindszenty, bishop of Veszprém, 1944. In a Nazi prison, November 1944 to February 1945. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, January 22, 1946; confirmed, January 14, 1959. Pastoral ministry in the diocese of Veszprém, 1946-1972. Diocesan synodal examiner, 1963-1972.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Giro di Tarasio and appointed apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis, of Veszprém February 8, 1972. Consecrated, March 16, 1972, St. Stephen's basilica, Budapest, by József Ijjas, archbishop of Kalocsa, assisted by József Cserháti, bishop of Pécs, and by József Bánk, bishop of Vác. His episcopal motto was A megnyesett pa kizöldul. Apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis, of Esztergom, February 5, 1974. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Promoted to the metropolitan and primatial see of Esztergom, February 12, 1976.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Teresa al Corso d'Italia, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985.

Death. June 30, 1986, he had been in poor health for several months because of a heart attack, in Esztergom. Buried in the metropolitan and primatial cathedral of Esztergom (1). A bust of the cardinal was erected in the Millenium Park of Zalalövo, his natal village.

Bibliography. Tusor, Péter. Purpura Pannonica : az esztergomi "bíborosi szék" kialakulásának elozminyei a 17. században = Purpura Pannonica : the "Cardinalitial See" of Strigonium and its Antecedens in the 17th Century. Budapest : Róma : Research Institute of Church History at Péter Pázmány Catholic University, 2005. (Collectanea Vaticana Hungariae, Classis I, vol. 3), pp. 210 and 330.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana; hotograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Hungarian, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Hungarian, Szent Vér Búcsújáróhelye; Szentmise Lékai Lászls bíboros, prmmás, érsek emlékére, Erdö Péter bíboros szentbeszéde, Metanoia, 2013. július 1.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
LÁSZLÓ LÉKAI
1976 - 1986
SUCCISA VIRESCIT


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(134) 16. HUME, O.S.B., George Basil
(1923-1999)

Birth. March 2, 1923, Newcastle-on-Tyne, diocese of Hexham and Newcastle, England. Son of Sir William Elrington Hume, a Scottish Protestant and prominent heart surgeon, and his wife Marie Élizabeth Tisseyre, a French Catholic. They met in France during the First World War and were married there in 1918. They had three daughters and two sons; Basil was the third child and eldest son.

Education. Joined Order of Saint Benedict; took the name Basil; made the solemn profession in 1945. Studied at Saint Lawrence Abbey, Ampleforth; at Oxford University; and at the University of Fribourg, Switzerland.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 23, 1950. Further studies, 1950-1953. Faculty member, Superior School, Saint Lawrence Abbey, Ampleforth, 1953-1963. Elected abbot of Saint Lawrence abbey, Ampleforth, 1963; confirmed, 1970.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Westminster, February 9, 1976. Consecrated, March 25, 1976, cathedral of the Most Precious Blood, Westminster, London, by Bruno Bernard Heim, titular archbishop of Xanto, apostolic delegate in Great Britain, assisted by Basil Christopher Butler, titular bishop of Nova Barbara, and by John Gerard McClean, bishop of Middlesbrough. His episcopal motto was Pax inter spinas.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Silvestro in Capite, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. President of the European Episcopal Conference. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; member of general secretariat, 1980-1983. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; member of general secretariat, 1983-1986. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; member of general secretariat until 1987. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Europe, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991; the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994; relator general. Announced that he was in the advanced stages of cancer, April 1999. He was decorated by Queen Elizabeth II with the Order of Merit on May 25, 1999. On his deathbed, he asked to be buried in his Benedictine habit and his pallium.

Death. June 17, 1999, of inoperable abdominal cancer, in London. The funeral mass took place on June 25, 1999 at Westminster cathedral, London; and was celebrated by Cardinal Edward Idris Cassidy, president of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity, who was the pope's personal representative. Also concelebrating were Cardinal Thomas Winning, archbishop of Glasgow; Cardinal Cahal Daly, archbishop emeritus of Armagh; and Cardinal Adrianus Johannes Simonis, archbishop of Utrecht. The other concelebrants included the entire Episcopate of England and Wales, as well as Pablo Puente, titular archbishop of Macri, nuncio in Great Britain. The rite of Final Commendation and Farewell was conducted by Bishop Vincent Nichols, apostolic adminstrator of the archdiocese of Westminster; and the Burial was conducted by Monsignor George Stack, adminstrator of Westminster cathedral, future archbishop of Cardiff. Two thousand people participated in the funeral mass. The late cardinal was buried in the chapel of St. Gregory and St. Augustine, Westminster metropolitan cathedral, London (1). A monument to Cardinal Hume was unveiled by Queen Elizabeth II, outside St. Mary's Roman Cathedral in Newcastle upon Tyne on May 7, 2002.

Bibliography. Basil Hume : a portrait. Edited by Tony Castle. London : Collins, 1986; Bellenger, Dominc Aidan and Stella Fletcher. Princes of the church. A history of the English cardinals. Phoenix Mill, Gloucestershire : Sutton Publishing Ltd., 2001, p. 143, 149, 154, 161, 164-168 and 179; Howard, Anthony. Basil Hume : the monk cardinal. London : Headline, 2005. Commentary: On his death in 1999, the London Times observed: "Few churchmen in this century, inside or outside the Catholic Church, have died more deeply loved." Basil Hume's 23-year reign brought with it a state of harmony within the Catholic Church that hadn't been enjoyed for four centuries. A deeply holy man, Hume knew at an early age the path he wanted to follow, but it was never an easy journey. Ultimately, however, nothing could deter his dedication to that in which he believed, including his tireless campaign on behalf of the Maguire Seven and the Guildford Four. Granted unique access to Cardinal Hume's private papers and the people who knew him best, Anthony Howard chronicles Hume's long reign with clarity and insight; Schofield, Nicholas ; Skinner, Gerard. The English cardinals. Oxford, UK : Family Publications, 2007, p. 216-221; Walsh, Michael J. The Westminster cardinals : the past and the future. London ; New York : Burns & Oates, 2008, p. 195-222.

Webgraphy. His portrait and biography, in English, archdiocese of Westminster; biography, in English (Britannica); his arms, Araldica Vaticana; and the Cardinal George Basil Hume Memorial Garden, statue by Nigel Boonham, St. Mary's cathedral, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northumbria, England.

(1) Thi is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

GEORGE
BASIL
HUME
O S B
2 MARCH 1923
17 JUNE 1999
Cardinal Priest
of San Silvestro
in Capite
FOURTH ABBOT OF AMPLEFORTH + 1963 - 1976
NINTH ARCHBISHOP OF WESTMINSTER 1976 - 1999


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(135) 17. RAZAFIMAHATRATRA, S.J., Victor
(1921-1993)

Birth. September 8, 1921, Ambanitsilena-Ranomasina, archdiocese of Fianarantsoa, Madagascar.

Education. Studied at the Major Seminary of Fianarantsoa. Joined the Society of Jesus on September 19, 1945; then, continued his formation at the Jesuit Schools of Saint Joseph and Saint Francis Xavier, Fianarantsoa; at the Theological Faculty, Brussels, Belgium; and at the Catechetical Center "Lumen Gentium", Brussels.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 28, 1956. Further studies, 1956-1960. Rector, Minor Seminary of Fianarantsoa, 1960-1963. Solemn profession in the Society of Jesus, February 2, 1963. Superior of the Jesuit Residence, Amboistra, 1963-1969. Rector, Major Seminary and Institute of Superior Studies, Fianarantsoa, 1969-1971.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Farafangana, January 16, 1971. Consecrated, April 18, 1971, Fianarantsoa, by Gilbert Ramanantoanina, S.J., archbishop of Fianarantsoa, assisted by Albert Joseph Tsiahoana, archbishop of Diego Suarez, and by Pierre Zévaco, C.M., bishop of Fort-Dauphin. President of the Episcopal Conference of Madagascar, 1974-. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tananarive, April 10, 1976.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980; the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 6, 1985. The name of the see was changed to Antananarivo, October 28, 1989.

Death. October 6, 1993, Antananarivo. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Andohalo, Antananarivo.


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(136) 18. TOMÁŠEK, František
(1899-1992)

Birth. June 30, 1899, Studénka, archdiocese of Olomouc, Moravia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (later Czechoslovakia; now Czech Republic). He was the second of six children. His father was a teacher and director of the local school and died in 1906 when František was a very young boy; the mother, to give her children the possibility of studying, moved to Olomouc.

Education. Studied at the Ginnasio-liceo of Olomouc, 1910-1919; his brief military service concluded with the end of the First World War; he then attended the Major Seminary of Olomouc, Olomouc.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 5, 1922, Olomouc, by Antonín Cyril Stojan, archbishop of Olomouc. Pastoral ministry in the archdiocese of Olomouc and faculty member, Theological Faculty of Olomouc, 1922-1949.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Buto and appointed auxiliary of Olomouc, October 12, 1949. Consecrated, October 13, 1949, Olomouc, by Josef Matocha, archbishop of Olomouc, without assistants; his consecration was kept secret because of the religious persecution. His episcopal motto was Laxabo rete. Interned in a forced labor camp by the Communist regime, July 22, 1951 until May 28, 1954. Pastoral ministry in Olomouc, 1954-1965. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Apostolic administrator, sede plena, of Prague, February 18, 1965; sede vacante, 1969-1977. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest and reserved in pectore, May 24, 1976; published, June 27, 1977; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Vitale, Gervasio e Protasio, June 27, 1977. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Prague, December 30, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years of age, June 30, 1979. Attended the First Plenary Assembly of the Sacred College of Cardinals, November 5 to 9, 1979, Vatican City. Attended the Sixth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 29 to October 28, 1983; the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985; the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. He supported the students and actors during the Velvet Revolution in 1989. Resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese, March 27, 1991.

Death. August 4, 1992, of heart failure aggravated by pneumonia, Prague. Buried, metropolitan cathedral of Prague.

Bibliography. Drimal, Ludvik. Il cardinale Frantisek Tomásek: la ricostruzione della sua figura di catechista e di catecheta. Roma: s. n., 1997. (Università pontificia salesiana, Facoltà di teologia; Tesi di dottorato n. 391. - Estr. dalla tesi di dottorato).

Webgraphy. His bust and biography, in English, Encyclopaedia Britannica; his bust, arms and biographical data, in English, Wikipedia; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; his obituary by Felix Corley, in English, The Independent, London, Wednesday, 5 August 1992; photo gallery, Press Office of the Czech Bishops' Conference; and list of the archbishops of Prague, in Czech, archdiocese of Prague.


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(137) 19. EKANDEM, Dominic Ignatius
(1917-1995)

Birth. 1917, Obio Ibiono, diocese of Uyo, Nigeria. Son of Chief Ekandem Ubo Etok and Nwa Ibong Umana Essien. He was baptized in 1926, at 8 years of age.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Onitsha; at the Major Seminary, Enugu-Okpala; and at St. Patrick's College, Calabar.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 7, 1947, Calabar. He was the first priest in the whole of Ibibio, Efik and Annang lands of what was then the Calabar diocese. Pastoral ministry and rector of the Minor Seminary, Calabar, 1947-1952. Rector of Queen of Apostles Seminary, 1952-1953.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Gerapoli di Isauria and appointed auxiliary of Calabar, August 7, 1953. Consecrated, February 7, 1954, Calabar, by James Moynagh, SSPME, bishop of Calabar, assisted by Paul-Joseph Biéchy, C.S.Sp., titular bishop of Telepte, vicar apostolic of Brazzaville, and by Peter Rogan, bishop of Buea. His episcopal motto was In Cruce salus. Attended the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Officer of the British Empire. Commander of the Order of River Niger. Transferred to the see of Ikot Ekpene, March 1, 1963. Apostolic administrator of the see of Port-Harcourt, 1970-1973. Elected president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of Nigeria in 1973; occupied the post for two terms. Founder of the Missionary Society of St Paul of Nigeria.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received red biretta and the title of S. Marcello, May 24, 1976. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. Attended the First Plenary meeting of the Sacred College of Cardinals, Vatican City, November 5 to 9, 1979; the Fifth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 26 to October 25, 1980. Ecclesiastical superior of the new mission sui iuris of Abuja, November 6, 1981. Transferred to the see of Abuja, with personal title of archbishop, June 19, 1989. Resigned the pastoral government of diocese, September 28, 1992. Attended the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for Africa, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. He was the first cardinal from Nigeria.

Death. November 24, 1995, Garki, Abuja. Buried, pro-cathedral of Our Lady Queen of Nigeria, Garki, Abuja.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in English, The Missionary Society of Saint Paul of Nigeria; photograph and biography, in German; photograph and biography, Araldica Vaticana.


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(138) 20. TRINH-NHU-KHUÊ, Joseph-Marie
(1898-1978)

Birth. December 11, 1898, Trang-Duê, apostolic vicariate of Hà Nôi, Việt Nam.

Education. (No information found).

Priesthood. Ordained, April 1, 1933.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Sinao and appointed apostolic vicar of Hà Nôi, April 18, 1950. Consecrated, August 15, 1950, cathedral of Hà Nôi, by Thaddeus Le Huu Tu, O. Cist., titular bishop of Dafnusia, apostolic vicar of Phat Diem, assisted by Francisco Gómez de Santiago, titular bishop of Dausara, apostolic vicar of Haiphong, and by Pierre-Marie Pham-ngoc-Chi, titular bishop of Sozopoli di Ermimonto, apostolic vicar of Buichu. His episcopal motto was Sequere me. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Hanoi, November 24, 1960. Attended the Third Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 27 to October 26, 1974. Reserved in pectore when the consistory was announced on April 28, 1976.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the title of S. Francesco di Paola ai Monti, deaconry elevated pro illa vice to title, May 24, 1976. Attended the Fourth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 29, 1977. Participated in the conclave of August 25 to 26,1978, which elected Pope John Paul I. Participated in the conclave of October 14 to 16,1978, which elected Pope John Paul II. He was the first Vietnamese cardinal.

Death. November 27, 1978, of a heart attack, Hà Nôi. Buried in St. Joseph's metropolitan cathedral, Hà Nôi.

Webgraphy. Biography, in French, Wikipedia; his photographand arms, Araldica Vaticana; his tomb, St. Joseph's metropolitan cathedral, Hà Nôi, Wikipedia.


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(139) 21. FILIPIAK, Bolesław
(1901-1978)

Birth. September 1, 1901, Osniszczewko, archdiocese of Gniezno, Poland. Eldest of the seven children of Hilary Filipiak and Weronika z Biegałów. His uncle Jan Filipiak was also a priest.

Education. Studied at the University of Poznań; and at the Seminary of Poznań; later, at the Pontifical Roman Athenaeum "S. Apollinare", Institute "Utriusque Iuris", Rome, 1930-1935, where he earned a doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, on April 13, 1935.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 29, 1926, Gniezno, by Antoni Laubtiza, auxiliary bishop of Gniezno. Pastoral ministry, archdiocese of Gniezno, 1926-1930. Further studies, Rome, 1930-1935. Secretary to Cardinal August Hlond, S.D.B., archbishop of Gniezno, 1935-1944. In Nazi prisons, 1944-1945. Member of the archdiocesan tribunal of Gniezno, 1945. President of the tribunal of third instance for matrimonial causes reserved to the Holy See, 1945-1947. Auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, Rome, September 24, 1947; dean, June 26, 1967; confirmed as dean ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, February 1, 1975. Honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Gniezno, October 15, 1947. Honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Poznań, September 8, 1958. President of the Appellate Tribunal of the State of Vatican City.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Plestia, May 1, 1976. Consecrated, Friday May 14 13, 1976, church of S. Anselmo all'Aventino, Rome, by Cardinal Pericle Felici, president of Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law and of the Pontifical Commission for the Interpretation of the Decrees of the Second Vatican Council, assisted by Antoni Baraniak, S.D.B., archbishop of Poznań, and by Andrzej Maria Deskur, titular bishop of Tene, president of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of May 24, 1976; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giovanni Bosco in Via Tiburtina, May 24, 1976. Because of poor health could not attend the conclave of August 25 to 26, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul I; and the conclave of October 14 to 16, 1978, which elected Pope John Paul II.

Death. October 14, 1978, of a stroke, at his residence in Poznań, the day the October 1978 conclave began. Buried in the metropolitan cathedral of Poznań.

Bibliography. Grocholewski, Zenon. "Filipiak Bolesław." In: Encyklopedia katolicka. vol. 5. Lublin : Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL, 1989, p. 208-209; Grocholewski, Zenon. "Kardynał Bolesław Jan Filipiak (1901-1978) długoletni audytor i dziekan Roty Rzymskiej." Prawo Kanoniczne, 25 (1981), nr ¾, p. 265-285; Prokop, Krzysztof Rafał. Polscy kardynałowie. Kraków : Wydawnictwo WAM, 2001, pp. 313-323.

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