The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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(1) 1. LEVADA, William Joseph
(1936-

Birth. June 15, 1936, Long Beach, archdiocese of Los Angeles, United States of America. Of a family of Portuguese origin. Son of Joseph Levada, Jr., and Lorraine Nunez Levada, both natives of Concord in the San Francisco Bay area. He was baptized in the church of the Holy Innocents, Long Beach. He has one older sister, Dolores Levada Sartain.

Education. Except for a three-year interval when his family lived in Texas, he attended elementary and high schools in Long Beach, followed by four years of seminary college in the Archdiocese of Los Angeles. In 1958, he was sent to pursue his seminary formation in Rome at the North American College, and took his graduate theological studies at the Pontifical Gregorian University, receiving a doctorate in sacred theology magna cum laude. He speaks English, Spanish, Italian and Portuguese.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 20, 1961, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Martin John O'Connor, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Siria, president of the Pontifical Commission for Cinematography, Radio and Television. He spent five years in parish work in the archdiocese of Los Angeles, including part-time high school teaching and college campus ministry. After receiving his doctorate, he taught theology at St. John's Seminary School of Theology, located at Camarillo in the archdiocese of Los Angeles. During these six years he also served as the first director of Continuing Education for the Clergy in the archdiocese. In 1976, he was appointed an official of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. During his six years of service, he continued teaching theology part-time as an Instructor at the Pontifical Gregorian University. In 1982, he was assigned to be executive director of the California Catholic Conference of Bishops in Sacramento, the public policy arm of the church in California.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Capri and appointed auxiliary of Los Angeles, March 24, 1983. Consecrated, May 12, 1983, St. Vibiana's cathedral, Los Angeles, by Cardinal Timothy Manning, archbishop of Los Angeles, assisted by John James Ward, titular bishop of Bria, auxiliary of Los Angeles, and by Juan Alfredo Arzube, titular bishop of Civitate, auxiliary of Los Angeles. In the same ceremony was consecrated Donald William Montrose, titular bishop of Vescovio, auxiliary of Los Angeles. His episcopal motto is "Fratres In Unum". Returning to the archdiocese of Los Angeles in 1984, he served as episcopal vicar for Santa Barbara County until his 1986 appointment as chancellor and moderator of the curia. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Portland in Oregon, July 1, 1986. From 1986 to 1993 he served as the only American bishop on the Editorial Committee of the Vatican Commission for the Catechism of the Catholic Church; he authored the Catechism's Glossary, which was published in the English-language second edition of the Catechism. Appointed coadjutor archbishop of San Francisco, August 17, 1995. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of San Francisco on December 27, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997; named to its post-synodal council. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Santa Rosa, July 1999 to May 2000. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, May 13, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica, March 24, 2006. Decorated with the Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, May 24, 2006. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; he was one of the three presidents-delegate. Named president of the Pontifical Commission "Ecclesia Dei" on July 8, 2009. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation for age reasons from the posts of prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, and president of the International Theological Commission on July 2, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as counselor of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, until the expiration of his term, on February 19, 2014.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 188.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(2) 2. RODÉ, C.M., Franc
(1934-

Birth. September 23, 1934, Rodica, archdiocese of Ljubljana, Yugoslavia (now Slovenia). Seventh and youngest child of a profoundly religious family. In 1945 his family sought refuge in Austria and in 1948 went to Argentina.

Education. Entered the Congregation of the Mission (Lazarists), Buenos Aires, 1952; perpetual profession, 1957. Studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University Rome; and at Institute Catholique, Paris (doctorate in theology, 1968).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1960, Paris, by André-Jean-François Defebvre, C.M., expelled bishop of Ninghsien. In 1965, at the request of his superiors, returned to Yugoslavia; worked as vice-pastor; director of studies of his congregation; provincial visitor; professor of fundamental theology and missionology at the Theological Faculty of Ljubljana. Consultor of the Secretariat for Non-Believers, 1978. Transferred to that dicastery in 1981; its undersecretary, 1982; he helped organize some significant dialogue sessions with European Marxists. In 1993, the pope united the Pontifical Council for Culture and Pontifical Council for Non-Believers and appointed him secretary of the new Pontifical Council for Culture.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ljubljana, March 5, 1997. Consecrated, April 6, 1997, cathedral of Ljubljana, by Alojzij Ssustar, archbishop emeritus of Ljubljana, assisted by Franc Perko, archbishop of Beograd, and by Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic, archbishop of Toronto. His episcopal motto is "Satati Inu Obstati". He successfully guided the negotitations for a new concordat to final approval in 2004. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, February 11, 2004. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Francesco Saverio alla Garbatella, March 24, 2006. He is the first Slovenian cardinal since the country became independent on June 25, 1991, and when his promotion was announced, the government leaders sent their congratulations. Decorated with the Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, May 24, 2006. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Special papal envoy to preside the conclusive celebrations of the jubilar year of the Cistercian abbey of Waldsassen, Germany, which took place on November 23, 2008, in the 875th anniversary of its foundation. Special papal envoy to the celebrations for the millennium of the archdiocese of Alba Julia, Romania, which took place on September 29, 2009. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Special papal envoy to the solemn celebrations of the twelfth centennial of the translation of the relics of Martyr Saint Trifone to Kotor, Montenegro, October 17, 2009. On January 4, 2011, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation presented, by reasons of age, from the charge of prefect of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life and named João Braz de Aviz, until then archbishop of Brasília, Brazil, to succeed him in that charge. On November 3, 2012, he was named special papal envoy to the conclusive celebration of the 500th anniversary of the archdiocese of Ljubljana, Slovenia, which took place on December 9, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On May 10, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 1150th anniversary of the arrival of Saints Cyril and Methodius to Slovak territory, which took place in Nitra, Slovak Republic, on July 5, 2013. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 23, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Il cardinale sloveno Rode attacca Papa Bergoglio by Mauro Manzin, in Italian, Il Piccolo, Trieste, Gruppo Editoriale L'Espresso.


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(3) 3. VALLINI, Agostino
(1940-

Birth. April 17, 1940, Poli, diocese of Tivoli, Italy. He moved to Barra, Naples with the family at the end of the Second World War; his father, who was a carabiniere, was deported to Germany.

Education. Minor Seminary of Naples, Naples; Major Archiepiscopal Seminary of Naples, Naples; Theological Faculty of Southern Italy, S. Tommaso d'Aquino campus, Naples (licentiate in theology); Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law; doctoral dissertation on the new Code of Canon Law).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 19, 1964, Naples, by Vittorio Longo, titular bishop of Lorima, auxiliary of Naples. Professor of canon at the Theological Faculty of Southern Italy, S. Tommaso d'Aquino campus, and later, dean of the campus; professor of canon law at the Pontifical Lateran University; assessor of the Italian Catholic University Federation; of the movement "Sigueme"; and of the Union of Major Religious Superiors of Italy. Rector of the Major Archiepiscopal Seminary of Naples. Regional counselor of the Catholic Action.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tortiboli and appointed auxiliary of Naples, March 23, 1989. Consecrated, May 13, 1989, cathedral of Naples, by Cardinal Michele Giordano, archbishop of Naples, assisted by Luigi Diligenza, archbishop of Capua, and by Antonio Ambrosiano, archbishop of Spoleto-Norcia. His episcopal motto is "Sequere me". Transferred to the suburbicarian see of Albano, November 13, 1999. Named prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature and promoted to the dignity of archbishop, May 27, 2004. Resigned the government of the see, May 27, 2004. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; president of the Commission for Discussion.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Pier Damiani ai Monti di San Paolo, March 24, 2006. Decorated with the Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, May 24, 2006. Named vicar general of His Holiness for Rome, pro-archpriest of the papal Lateran archbasilica and grand chancellor of the Pontifical Lateran University on June 27, 2008. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. On February 24, 2009, he was promoted by Pope Benedict XVI to the order of cardinal priests and his deaconry was elevated, pro hac vice, to title. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 9, 2009. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. He was confirmed as vicar of Rome on May 18, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on February 19, 2014. He was named member of the Council for the Economy for a quinquennium on March 8, 2014. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life on March 29, 2014.

Webgraphy. Biography, in German; and his photograph and arms, Araldica Vatican; Jurist and pastor. The biography of Cardinal Agostino Vallini by Gianni Cardinale, Italian Church, 30Days In the Church and in the world, international monthly magazine directed by Giulio Andreotti, issue no. 06/07 - 2008 Roma abbraccia Vallini sotto lo sguardo di Maria by Mimmo Muolo, Avvenire, 13 maggio 2014.


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(4) 4. UROSA SAVINO, Jorge Liberato
(1942-

Birth. August 28, 1942, Caracas, Venezuela. Son of Luis Manuel Urosa Joud and Ligia Savino del Castillo de Urosa.

Education. Studied at Colegio "De La Salle", Tienda Honda, Caracas (humanities); at the Interdiocesan Seminary of Caracas, Caracas (philosophy); at Saint Augustine's Seminary, Toronto, 1962-1965 (theology); at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1965-1971 (doctorate in dogmatic theology); while in Rome, he resided at Pontificio Colegio Pío Latino Americano. Besides his native Spanish, he speaks English, Italian, French and Latin.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 15, 1967, Caracas, by Cardinal José Humberto Quintero, archbishop of Caracas. Professor and rector of the Seminary "San José, Caracas. Rector of the Interdiocesan Seminary "Santa Rosa de Lima", Caracas. President of the Organization of Latin American Seminaries. Founder of the parochial vicariate "Santísimo Trinidad", in "Casa de tabla", a chabolas neighborhood of Caracas. Vicar general of the archdiocese of Caracas.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Vegesela di Bizacena and appointed auxiliary of Caracas, July 6, 1982. Consecrated, September 22, 1982, cathedral of Santiago y Santa Ana, Caracas, by José Alí Lebrún Moratinos, archbishop of Caracas, assisted by Domingo Roa Pérez, archbishop of Maracaibo, and by Miguel Antonio Salas Salas, archbishop of Mérida. His episcopal motto is Pro mundi vita. Promoted to metropolitan see of Valencia en Venezuela, March 16, 1990. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Caracas, September 19, 2005. Elected second vice president of the Episcopal Conference of Venezuela, January 10, 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria ai Monti, March 24, 2006. Participated in the 5th General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place from May 13 to 31, 2007, in Aparecida, Brazil. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 9, 2009. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On October 5, 2013, the pope named him special papal envoy to the closing celebrations of the first centennial of the establishment of the ecclesiastical province of Managua, Nicaragua, programmed for December 2, 2013, but he was not able to attend due to illness; accordingly, the pope named Cardinal Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez, archbishop of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic, his special envoy. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Clergy on June 9, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Urosa presides Chavez funeral in Rome, calls for unity, video, Rome Repotrs, 2013-03-09 14:35:06.


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(5) 5. ROSALES, Gaudencio Borbon
(1932-

Birth. August 10, 1932, Batangas City, then diocese of Lipa, Philippines. Third of the seven children (four boys and three girls) of Godofredo D. Rosales and Remedios Borbon.

Education. San José Minor Seminary, Manila, 1947-1951; San José Major Seminary, Manila, 1951-1958 (philosophy and theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, March 23, 1958, cathedral of Lipa, by Alejandro Olalia, bishop of Lipa. Prefect of discipline and later rector of St. Francis de Sales Minor Seminary, Lipa 1958-1966. Spiritual director, professor, St. Francis de Sales College Seminary, Lipa, 1966-1970. Later, spiritual guide of Legio Mariae, Lipa. Parish priest, Immaculate Conception, Batangas City, 1970-1975.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Esco and appointed auxiliary of Manila, August 12, 1974. Consecrated, October 28, 1974, basilica of the Immaculate Conception, Batangas City, by Bruno Torpigliani, titular archbishop of Malliana, nuncio in Philippines, assisted by Jaime Lachica Sin, archbishop of Manila, and by Ricardo Jamin Vidal, archbishop of Lipa. His episcopal motto is Si mortuum fuerit fructum affert. In charge of District Bishop, East Antipolo, Rizal. National director of the Pontifical Mission and Aid Societies, Manila, 1977-1982. National director, Mission Society of the Philippines, 1977-1982. Rector, San Carlos Seminary, Manila, 1980-1982. Named coadjutor of Malaybalay, June 9, 1982. Succeeded to the see, September 14, 1984. Apostolic visitor of seminaries in the Philippines, 1984-1999. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Lipa, December 30, 1992. Vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of the Philippines, 1997-1999. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998; and the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Manila, September 15, 2003. Apostolic administrator of Lipa, September 15, 2003 until the appointment of a successor.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of SS. Nome di Maria a Via Latina, March 24, 2006. Named member of of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, February 3, 2007. Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Manila on October 13, 2011, in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. The pope named new metropolitan archbishop of Manila Luis Antonio Gokim Tagle, until then bishop of Imus, Philippines. Cardinal Rosales was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the installation of his successor on December 12, 2011. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on August 10, 2012. Special papal envoy to the Tenth Plenary Assembly of the Federation of Asian Episcopal Conferences (FABC), which took place in Viêt Nam, at Xuân Lôc Diocesan Pastoral Center, from November 19 to 25, 2012, and which conclusive ceremony took place in the metropolitan cathedral of Thành-Phô Hô Chi Minh (Hôchiminh Ville). He was awarded the 2013 Global Peace Award: Service by the Global Peace Foundation.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, The Official Website of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(6) 6. RICARD, Jean-Pierre
(1944-

Birth. September 25, 1944, Marseille, Bouches-du-Rhône, France. Son of Georges and Jeanine Ricard. His father was general secretary of the Chamber of Commerce and Industry of Marseille.

Education. Lyceums of Saint-Charles and Périer, Marseille, and Thiers (bachelor in letters). Grand Seminary of Marseille (philosophy), 1962-1964; One year of National Service of Cooperation in Bamako, Republic of Mali). Seminary "des Carmes", Paris; Institut Catholique de Paris (licence in theology and habilitation for the doctorate); Institut Supérieur de Pastoral Catéchistique (diploma).

Priesthood. Ordained, October 5, 1968, Marseille, church of Saint Martin de Gémenos, by Georges Jacquot, archbishop of Marseille. Pastoral work in the archdiocese of Marseille, 1968-1993: Vicar of the parish of Sainte-Émilie de Vialoar, 1970-1978; in charge of religious teaching and formation of priests and laymen and responsible of the Center of Religious Culture of Mistral, 1975-1981; diocesan delegate for the seminarians, 1975-1985; pastor of the parish of Sainte-Marguerite, 1981-1988; delegate adjunct for ecumenism, and episcopal vicar of the zone of Marseille-sud, 1984-1988; regional theologian for pastoral, 1986-1993; general secretary of the Diocesan Synod of Marseille, 1988-1991; vicar general of Cardinal Robert Coffy, archbishop of Marseille, 1988-1993.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Pulcheriopoli and appointed auxiliary of Grenoble, April 17, 1993. Consecrated, June 6, 1993, cathedral of Sainte-Marie-Majeure, Marseille, by Cardinal Robert Coffy, archbishop of Marseille, assisted by Louis Jean Dufaux, bishop of Grenoble, and by Jacques Louis Marie Joseph Fihey, bishop of Coutances et Avranches. His episcopal motto is Propter Evangelium. Coadjutor bishop of Montpellier, July 4, 1996. Succeeded to the see of Montpellier, September 6, 1996. Vice-President of the Conference of Bishops of France, November 9, 1999. Participated in the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001. Elected president of the Conference of Bishops of France, November 6, 2001; occupied the post until November 5, 2007. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Bordeaux et Bazes, December 21, 2001. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Agostino, March 24, 2006. Elected one of the two vice-presidents of the Council of Episcopal Conferences of Europe, for a quienquennium, October 6, 2006. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See on October 22, 2011. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on June 12, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. He was named member of the Council for the Economy for a quinquennium on March 8, 2014. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in French, archdiocese of Bordeaux; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(7) 7. CAÑIZARES LLOVERA, Antonio
(1945-

Birth. October 10, 1945, Utiel, archdiocese of Valencia, Spain.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Valencia; at the Seminary of Valencia; and at the Pontifical University of Salamanca, where he obtained a doctorate in theology, specializing in catechesis.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 21, 1970, Sinarcas, Valencia, by Archbishop José María García de la Higuera of Valencia. In the archdiocese of Valencia, vice-pastor and delegate for catechesis. In the archdiocese of Madrid, professor of catechetical theology, University of Salamanca; professor of fundamental theology, Conciliar Seminary of Madrid; coadjutor of the parish of "San Gerardo"; director and professor of the Institute of Religious Science and Catechesis "San Dámaso", Madrid; responsible of the direction of studies, Seminary of Madrid; member of several commissions and secretariats of the Spanish Episcopal Conference; promoter of the "Asociación Española de Catequetas"; director of the Secretariat of the Episcopal Commission for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1985-1992. Founder and first president of Asociación Española de Catequistas. Director of the review Teología y Catequésis.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ávila, March 6, 1992. Consecrated, April 25, 1992, cathedral of Ávila, by Mario Tagliaferri, titular archbishop of Formia, nuncio in Spain, assisted by Cardinal Ángel Suquía Goicoechea, archbishop of Madrid, and by Cardinal Marcelo González Martín, archbishop of Toledo. His episcopal motto is Fiat voluntas tua. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Granada, December 10, 1996. Member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, November 10, 1996. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Cartagena, January-October, 1998. President of the Episcopal Commission of Education and Catechesis of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, 1999. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Toledo, October 24, 2002. Vice-president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference from 2005 to 2008. Founder and first president of the Asociación Española de Catequistas.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Pancrazio, March 24, 2006. Awarded a doctorate honoris causa by the University "Cardenal Herrera-CEU", Madrid, Spain, May 24, 2007. On February 24, 2008, he became académico numerario of the Real Academia de la Historia de España, to which he had been elected in December 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Named prefect of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments on December 9, 2008; the cardinal was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese of Toledo until the installation of his successor, Braulio Rodríguez Plaza, until then archbishop of Valladolid, on June 21, 2009. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". On June 14, 2010, he received a doctorate honoris causa from the Catholic University of Murcia, Spain. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013. Confirmed as counselor of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. Special papal envoy to Panamá for the conclusive celebrations of the jubilar year proclaimed in the fifth centennial of the erection of the first diocese, Santa María la Antigua, on the mainland of the Americas, which took place on February 14-15, 2014. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Valencia on August 28, 2014. He took possession of the archdiocese in a solemn mass which was celebrated in the cathedral of Valencia on Saturday October 4, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photographs and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Toledo; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana Cardenal Cañizares en Avila preside en Avila conmemoración de los 450 años del Convento de San José, Revista Ecclesia, 25 agosto, 2012.


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(8) 8. CHEONG JIN-SUK, Nicholas
(1931-

Birth. December 7, 1931, Seoul, Korea.

Education. Attended Seoul National University, where he briefly studied chemical engineering; then, the Major Seminary of Seoul, from 1954, obtaining a bachelor's in theology; later, studied sociology in Hong Kong; and canon law at the Pontifical Urbanian University in Rome, residing at Collegio San Pietro Apostolo, from 1968 to 1970.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 18, 1961, metropolitan cathedral, Seoul, by Paul Marie Kinam Ro, archbishop of Seoul. In the archdiocese of Seoul: vicar cooperator of the parish of Saint Joseph, 1961; professor at the Minor Seminary and notary of the curia, 1962; chancellor of the curia and undersecretary of the Catholic Conference, 1964-1965; episcopal chancellor and vice-rector of the Minor Seminary, 1966-1967; studied canon law in Rome from October 1968 until his promotion to the episcopate.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ch'ongju, June 25, 1970. Consecrated, October 3, 1970, church of the Holy Family, Ch'ongju, by Paul Maria Kinam Ro, titular archbishop of Tituli di Proconsulare, former archbishop of Seoul, assisted by James Vincent Pardy, titular bishop of Umbriatico, and by Peter Kong Han-Ryel, bishop of Jeon Ju. His episcopal motto is Omnibus omnia. President of the Korean Episcopal Conference, 1996-1998. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Seoul, May 29, 1998. Apostolic administrator ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of P'yöng-yang, June 6, 1998.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Immacolata di Lourdes a Boccea, March 24, 2006. Named member of of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, February 3, 2007. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on December 7, 2011. His resignation from the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Seoul, according to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law, was accepted by the pope on May 10, 2012.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in English, Catholic News Agency; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(9) 9. O'MALLEY, O.F.M. Cap., Seán Patrick
(1944-

Birth. June 29, 1944, Lakewood, diocese of Cleveland, United States of America. Son of Theodore O'Malley and Mary Louise Reidy. His baptismal name was Patrick.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor Capuchins; professed on July 14, 1965; took the name Seán in honor of St. John; St. Fidelis Seminary, Butler, Pennsylvania; Capuchin College, Washington, D.C.; The Catholic University of America, Washington, D.C. (master's in religious education; doctorate in Spanish and Portuguese literature). Besides his native English, he speaks Spanish and Portuguese, and also knows German, Italian and French.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 29, 1970, church of St. Augustine, Pittsburgh, by John Bernard McDowell, titular bishop of Tamazuca, auxiliary bishop of Pittsburgh. Faculty member, Catholic University of America, 1969-1973. Further studies, Washington, D.C. In the archdiocese of Washington, executive director of Centro Católico Hispano, archdiocese of Washington, 1973; episcopal vicar for the Hispanic, Portuguese and Haitian communities and executive director of the Office of Social Ministry, 1978. Named a knight commander of the Order of Prince Henry the Navigator in 1974; this honor was conferred by the Portuguese government for outstanding service to the Portuguese people.

Episcopate. Named coadjutor bishop of Saint Thomas, Virgin Islands, June 2, 1984. Consecrated, August 2, 1984, cathedral of Saints Peter and Paul, Saint Thomas, by Edward John Harper, C.SS.R., bishop of Saint Thomas, assisted by James Aloysius Hickey, archbishop of Washington, and by Eugene Antonio Marino, S.S.J., titular bishop of Walla Walla, auxiliary of Washington. His episcopal motto is "Quodcumque Dixerit Facite". Member of the Christian Life Community "Agrupación Católica Universitaria", founded in Cuba and now present in several cities in the United States, September 22, 1984. Succeeded to the see of Saint Thomas, October 16, 1985. Named as a chaplain ad honorem of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta, 1991. Transferred to the see of Fall River, June 16, 1992. Participated, by papal appointment, in the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Apostolic visitor for several seminaries in Central America and the Caribbean. Transferred to the see of Palm Beach, September 3, 2002. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Boston, July 1, 2003.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria della Vittoria, March 24, 2006. On May 31, 2010, he was named visitor to the archdiocese of Dublin and its suffragan sees to explore more deeply questions concerning the handling of cases of abuse and the assistance owed to the victims; to monitor the effectiveness of and seek possible improvements to the current procedures for preventing abuse perpetrated by priests and religious upon minors, taking as points of reference the Pontifical Motu Proprio "Sacramentorum Sanctitatis Tutela" and the norms contained in Safeguarding Children: Standards and Guidance Document for the Catholic Church in Ireland, commissioned and produced by the National Board for Safeguarding Children in the Catholic Church. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On April 13, 2013, he was named by Pope Francis member of a group of cardinals to advise him in the government of the universal Church and to study a plan for revising the apostolic constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus. Named member of the Pontifical Commission for the Protection of Minors on March 22, 2014. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life on March 29, 2014. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Clergy on June 9, 2014.

Bibliography. Bransom, Charles N. Ordinations of U. S. Catholic bishops 1790-1989. A chronological list. Washington, D.C. : National Conference of Catholic Bishops ; United States Catholic Conference, 1990, p. 192.

Webgraphy. Photographs and biographical data, in English, archdiocese of Boston; explanation of his coat of arms and episcopal motto, in English, archdiocese of Boston; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; O'Malley: The sandal and habit-clad outsider by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 02/26/2013; Cardinal O'Malley, Capuchin friar, defender of life and blogger, video, Rome Reports; Cardinal O'Malley will not abandon Capuchin cassock, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-05 20:07:58; OMalley and the story of the Catholic plumber by Alver Metalli, Vatican Insider, 11/24/2013; O'Malley: la dottrina sul matrimonio non cambierà, Avvenire, 20 marzo 2014.


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(10) 10. DZIWISZ, Stanisław
(1939-

Birth. April 27, 1939, Raba Wyżna, archdiocese of Kraków. Son of Stanisław Dziwisz, a railroad worker, and Sofia Bielarczyk. He had six siblings, four brothers (among them Antoni, Jan); and two sisters. When he was nine years old his father died in a train accident.

Education. Studied at the Classical Lyceum of Nowy Targ (passed the exam of maturity in 1957); at the Major Seminary of Kraków (philosophy and theology); at the Faculty of Theology of Kraków, where he obtained a licentiate in theology in 1967; at the Pontifical Faculty of Theology of Kraków, where he earned a doctorate in theology in 1981; his doctoral thesis was Il culto di Santo Stanislao Vescovo a Cracovia fino al Concilio di Trento). Received the diaconate from Karol Wojtyła, titular bishop of Ombi, vicar capitular of Kraków, on March 25, 1963.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 23, 1963, cathedral of Kraków, by Karol Wojtyła, titular bishop of Ombi, vicar capitular of Kraków. Vice-pastor in the parish of Maków Podhalański, 1963-1965. Further studies in Kraków, 1966-1967. Private secretary of Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, 1966-1978. At the same time, he was professor of liturgy at the Superior Catechetical Institute; redactor of the official newspaper of the episcopal curia Notificationes e Curia Metropolitana Cracoviensi; member and secretary of the Archdiocesan Liturgical Commission and member of the Presbyteral Council. He participated in the work of the Committee for the Holy Year, 1974-1975; and also in the General Commission and in that for divine worship and the sanctification of the time of the Archdiocesan Synod of Kraków, 1972-1979. He was co-editor of the Diocesan Ceremonial and of the Parochial Manual. Private secretary of Pope John Paul II, 1978-2005. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Lviv, Ukraine, 1995. Protonotary apostolic de numero, 1996. Canon of the metropolitan cathedral chapter of Kraków, 1997. He is the author of Culto di San Stanislao Vescovo a Cracovia fino al Concilio di Trento (Kraków 1981; Rome 1984); and the memoir on the attempt on the life of Pope John Paul II, entitled Ho toccato questo mistero (Lublin 2001); also, he has redacted the successive volumes of the pontifical texts published in Polish by Libreria Editrice Vaticana. He also was vice-president of the John Paul II Foundation. He received the Benemerenti medal of the Pontifical Academy of Theology in Kraków; and the doctorate honoris causa of the Catholic University of Lublin, May 13, 2001.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of San Leone and appointed prefect adjunct of the Papal Household, February 7, 1998. Consecrated, March 19, 1998, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, secretary of State, and by Cardinal Franciszek Macharski, archbishop of Kraków. In the same ceremony were consecrated James Michael Harvey, titular bishop of Memphis, prefect of the Papal Household, and Piero Marini, titular bishop of Martirana, master of pontifical liturgical celebrations. His episcopal motto is Sursum Corda. Promoted to the rank of archbishop, September 29, 2003. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Kraków, June 3, 2005. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the foundation of the labor union "Solidarność", that took place in Gdańsk, Poland on August 31, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria del Popolo, March 24, 2006. On July 10, 2007, in the ancient theater of Ostia Antica, he received the "Premio Roma" for his book "A life with Karol", which was the result of a conversation with journalist Gian Franco Svidercoschi, former director of "L'Osservatore Romano" and is the testimony of his forty years of friendship and service to Pope John Paul II (Karol Wojtyła). Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. The Anti-Defamation League (ADL) honored him with the ADL Cardinal Bea Interfaith Award, citing his role in "building and deepening the new positive relationship between Catholics and Jews." The award was presented to the cardinal in Kraków. On February 27, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 600th anniversary of the cathedral basilica of Kaunas, Lithuania, which took place on May 5, 2013. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Polish; photographs and biography, in Polish; photographs and biography, in English; and photograph, arms, photo gallery of his installation and biography, in Polish, archdiocese of Kraków; and another image of his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardenal Dziwisz explica por qui no quems meditaciones de Juan Pablo II, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 12 Feb. 14 / 07:04 am; Dziwisz: «San Wojtyla, il Papa del III millennio» by Mimmo Muolo, Avvenire, 6 maggio 2014.


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(11) 11. CAFFARRA, Carlo
(1938-

Birth. June 1, 1938, Samboseto di Busseto, diocese of Fidenza, Italy. Son of Ampelio Caffarra and Maria Contini. He has three sisters.

Education. Episcopal Seminary of Fidenza, Fidenza; Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (doctorate in canon law); Accademia Alfonsiana, Rome (diploma of specialization in moral theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 2, 1961, church S. Vigilio, Samboseto, by Guglielmo Bosetti, bishop of Fidenza. Returned to his diocese from Rome in 1965, and taught moral theology in the seminaries of Fidenza and Parma; and later, at the Studio Teologico bolognese; at the Catholic University of Milan; and at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy. He specialized in the moral doctrine of marriage and the bioethics concerning human procreation; taught for some years medical ethics at the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of the Catholic University Sacro Cuore in Rome. Member of the International Theological Commission, 1974-1984. Consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. Member of the Commission for the study of "ingegneria genetica" instituted "ad actum" in the Ministry of Health in Italy. President of the Pontifical Institute "Giovanni Paolo II" for the study of Marriage and Family, 1980. He founded sections of the same institute in the United States, Spain and Mexico; and Anthropotes, the journal of the institute.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Ferrara-Comacchio, September 8, 1995. Consecrated, October 21, 1995, cathedral of Fidenza, by Cardinal Giacomo Biffi, archbishop of Bologna, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State for General Affairs, and by Carlo Poggi, bishop of Fidenza. His episcopal motto is "Sola Misericordia Tua". Member of the Council of Presidency of the Pontifical Council for the Family and of the Pontifical Academy for Life. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bologna, December 16, 2003. Member of Comunione e Liberazione.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Giovanni Battista dei Fiorentini, March 24, 2006. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Webgraphy. Photopgraps, bibliography and biography, In Italian; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(12) 12. ZEN ZE-KIUN, S.D.B., Joseph
(1932-

Birth. January 13, 1932, Shanghai, China. Son of Vincent Zen and Margaret Tseu. He grew up in a poor neighborhood on the outskirts of Shanghai, where as a boy he enjoyed family trips to a Salesian church atop a hill on the city's outskirts.

Education. Entered the Society of St. Francis de Sales of St. John Bosco (Salesians) at the novitiate in Hong Kong; studied theology in Salesian houses of study Turin, Italy; Pontifical Salesian University, Rome (licentiate in theology and doctorate in philosophy). He speaks several Chinese languages in addition to fluent English, Italian and Latin.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 11, 1961, Turin, by Cardinal Maurilio Fossati, O.Ss.G.C., archbishop of Turin. Further studies, Rome. Returned to Hong Kong and occupied different posts in the Salesian communities of that city; professor of the Seminary of Hong Kong until 1973; inspector of his congregation; president of the Association of Superiors Major; provincial superior of the Salesians for "external" China: Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan, 1978-1983. Professor in seminaries of the official and underground Church in various areas of China, 1983 to 1996.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Hong Kong (Xianggang), September 13, 1996. Consecrated, December 9, 1996, cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Hong Kong, by Cardinal John Baptist Wu Cheng-Chung, bishop of Hong Kong, assisted by Cardinal Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, archbishop of Tokyo, and by Charles Asa Schleck, titular archbishop of Africa, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Ipsi cura est. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998; by papal appointment. Succeeded to the see of Hong Kong, September 23, 2002. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; by papal appointment.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria Madre del Redentore a Tor Bella Monaca, March 24, 2006. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment; elected member of the Twelfth Council of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, October 22, 2008. On April 15, 2009, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the diocese of Hong Kong, China, in conformity with canon 401, §1, of the Code of Canon Law. Special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 25th anniversary of the pastoral visit of the Servant of God Pope John Paul II to Thailand, which took place in Bangkok on May 10 to 11, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on January 13, 2012. Special papal envoy to the celebration of the centennial of the birth of Blessed Peter ToRot, catechist and martyr of Papua New Guinea, on July 7, 2012, in Rabaul.

Bibliography. Brender, Andreas ; Kierein-Kuenring, Mandred D. Catholic Hierarchy in China since 1307. Cluj-Napoca, 2012, pp. 216 and 246; Zen Ze-Kiun, Joseph ; Malovic, Dorian. Mgr Zen, un homme en colère. Entretiens avec le cardinal de Hong Kong. Paris : Ediciones Bayard, 2007.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biographical data, in English and Chinese; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Zen of Hong Kong turns 80, elector cardinals drops to 107, Rome Reports; Card. Zen: Destruction of Church in China continues in New Year of the Horse by Paul Wang, AsiaNews.it, 01/27/2014; El cardenal Zen de 82 años marchará 84 horas pro referéndum en Hong Kong, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 11 de junio de 2014; Cardinal Zen issues anti-China rallying cry, ucanews, June 13, 2014.


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(13) 13. CORDERO LANZA DI MONTEZEMOLO, Andrea
(1925-

Birth. August 27, 1925, Turin, Italy. Of a noble family. His father was the famous Colonel Giuseppe Cordero Lanza di Montezemolo (1). He is related to Luca di Montezemolo, president of Ferrari and chairman of Fabbrica Italiana Automobili Torino (FIAT).

Education. Initial studies in Turin; obtained a bachelor's degree in Rome. During the Second World War, he was enlisted as a voluntary in in the "Montezemolo Battallion", named after his father. After the war, he obtained a doctorate in architecture in 1949; he exercised the profession for several years and at the same time taught as assistant professor at the university. During those years, he matured the vocation to the ecclesiastical life and he started his studies as a lay student at the Pontifical Gregorian University; and later as a seminarian at Collegio Capranica; he obtained licentiates in philosophy and theology; he also studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, the Vatican's diplomatic school, 1957-1959; obtained a doctorate in canon law at the Pontifical Lateran University.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 13, 1954, Rome, by Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Further studies in Rome. Vice-chaplain of the University of Rome. in 1960, he entered the service of the Holy See. Secretary in the apostolic delegation in México, 1960-1964. Privy chamberlain supernumerary, June 21, 1963. Secretary in the internunciature in Japan, 1964-1966. Secretary in the nunciature in Kenya and in the apostolic delegation in Eastern Africa, 1966-1968. Worked in the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church as auditor of nunciature of second class and of first class, 1968-1972. Under-secretary of the Pontifical Commission Iustitia et Pax, 1972-1975; later, pro-secretary, 1975-1976; and finally, secretary, 1976-1977.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Anglona and named pro-nuncio in Papua New Guinea and apostolic delegate in the Western and Southern Salomon Islands, April 5, 1977. Consecrated, Saturday June 4, 1977, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Jean Villot, secretary of State, assisted by Bernardin Gantin, former archbishop of Cotonou, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission Iustitia et Pax, and by Durasamy Simon Lourdusamy, former archbishop of Bangalore, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Iustitia et Pax. Nuncio in Honduras and Nicaragua, November 25, 1980; during his tenure, the war between the Sandinista regime and the"contras" went on. Nuncio in Uruguay, April 1, 1986. Apostolic delegate in Jerusalem and Palestine, April 28, 1990; occupied the post until March 7, 1998; as head of the Holy See's delegation working on the Vatican-Israeli bilateral commission, he worked closely with Israeli and Vatican officials; and was instrumental in helping normalize relations between the two states, which culminated with the signing of the historic "fundamental agreement" of 1993. Pro-nuncio in Cyprus, May 28, 1990; occupied the post until March 7, 1998. Transferred to the titular see of Tuscania, April 13, 1991. Nuncio in Israel, June 28, 1994; occupied the post until March 7, 1998. Nuncio in Italy and in the Republic of San Marino, March 7, 1998; retired in April 2001. Named knight grand cross of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem; bailiff grand cross of honor and devotion of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta; knight grand cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic; bailiff knight grand cross of ecclesiastical justice of the Sacred Military Order Costantinian of San Giorgio; knight grand cross sacerdotal of the Sacred Military Order of S. Stefano Pope and Martyr, March 15, 1999. In 2005 he designed the coat of arms of Pope Benedict XVI. Named archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le mura, Rome, May 31, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Campitelli, March 24, 2006. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave. Decorated with the Grand Cross of Honor and Devotion of the Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of Saint John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta, May 24, 2006. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. On July 3, 2009, he resigned, for reason of age, from the charge of archpriest of the papal basilica of S. Paolo fuori le Mura.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his chronography, in English, Catholic Hierarchy; The ten years of the Fundamental Agreement between the Holy See and Israel, in English, 30Days; and his arms, Araldica Vaticana; What's in a Papal Shield? A look into the art of designing a 'Coat of Arms', Rome Reports, 2014-03-15; Ardeatine, mio padre eroe civile, Avvenire, 24 marzo 2014.

(1) He lived from May 26, 1901 until April 24, 1944. He received the Medaglia d'oro al valor militare alla memoria. The colonel was the founder and head of the military clandestine front of Rome during the Second World War; and was one of the 335 victims shot by the Germans at the Fosse Ardeatine following the Via Rasella attack of March 23, 1944, in Rome.


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(14) 14. DERY, Peter Poreku
(1918-2008)

Birth. May 10, 1918, Ko, diocese of Wa, Ghana. Of a Pagan family. Fourth of the ten children of Theodore Poreku and Agnes Zoore. He was born in the house of his uncle Ngmankurinaa. He was born after the death of his immediate brother and he was thought to be a reincarnation of his brother and thus called Dery. The future cardinal accompanied his uncle to establish his many and varied fetishes for the prominent people of the area; his main duty was to help his uncle slay the animals and hens required for the establishment of konkpenebie, konkyekommo, sokyere, doosoglaa, nyogebaliere, and the rest of them. He was baptized in Jirapa in 1933.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Navrongo; at St.Peter`s Major Seminary, Wiagha (philosophy and theology); at the University of St. Francis Xavier, Antigonish, Canada (diploma in social studies, 1958), and at the International Catechetical Institute "Lumen vitae", Brussels, Belgium. Obtained a doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 11, 1951, St. Theresa's church, Nandom, by Gerard Bertrand, M. Afr., bishop of Tamale. (No further information found yet).

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of Wa, March 16, 1960. Consecrated, May 8, 1960, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John XXIII, assisted by Napoléon-Alexandre La Brie, titular bishop of Ilta, national director of the Pontifical Missionary Work of Canada, French sector, and by Fulton John Sheen, titular bishop of Cesariana, auxiliary of New York, national director of the Pontifical Missionary Work of the United States of America. In the same ceremony were consecrated future Cardinals Paul Zoungrana, M.Afr., archbishop of Ouagadougou; Jérôme Rakotomalala, archbishop of Tananarive; and Bernard Yago, archbishop of Abidjan. His episcopal motto was "Apostolus Jesu Christi". As soon as he was installed as bishop, he requested permission from Rome to translate the Ordinary of the mass into Dagare and have it sung in local melodies, accompanied by local musical instruments; permission was given and the bishop himself composed the first Dagare mass. It was a milestone in the Africanization of the church in Ghana. Laity involvement, the education of the youth and vocations promotion were his three other main goals. Participated in the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. Apostolic administrator, sede vacante of Tamale. Transferred to the see of Tamale, November 18, 1974. Promoted to metropolitan archbishop of Tamale when the see was elevated to that rank, May 30, 1977. President of the Ghana Catholic Bishops' Conference from 1982 to 1988. Attended the II Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8,1985; and the VII Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Resigned the government of the archdiocese, March 26, 1994.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Elena fuori Porta Prenestina, March 24, 2006. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Death. March 6, 2008, Tamale, on the occasion of Ghana's 51st Independence day. The body of the late cardinal was conveyed from the morgue to the Our Lady of the Annunciation metropolitan cathedral, Tamale, for reception and then a vigil mass at the Jubilee Park on Monday, March 31, 2008; President John Agyekum and Vice President Alhaji Aliu Mahama joined the huge crowd of Catholic faithfuls from across the country, Rome and Burkina Faso; also present were ministers of State, members of the Council of State and parliamentarians; Cardinal Peter Appiah Turkson, archbishop of Accra, was delegated by the pope to officiate at the burial service; the government, the pope's representative and the Catholic Bishops Conference read tributes to his memory; Peter Akwasi Sarpong, archbishop emeritus of Kumasi, delivered the homily; Mr. Felix Owusu Adjepong, minister-designate for Energy, read a tribute on behalf of the government; wreaths were laid on behalf of the government, the pope, the Catholic Bishops Conference and family members. The next day, April 1, 2008, a requiem mass was celebrated at the Tamale Sports Stadium; and burial was in the metropolitan cathedral of Our Lady of Annunciation, Tamale.

Beatification. In June 2013, during a memorial service held at Our Lady of Annunciation Cathedral Church of Tamale, the launching of a procedure required by the Church, examining options for the beatification of the late Cardinal Dery, was officially announced.

Bibliography. Dery, Peter Poreku ; Bemile, Paul. From assistant fetish priest to archbishop: Studies in honour of Archbishop Dery. New York : Vantage Press, 1987.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(15) 15. VANHOYE, S.J., Albert
(1923-

Birth. July 24, 1923, Hazebrouck Nord, France. Received the sacrament of confirmation in Watten (Nord).

Education. He did his secondary studies at the Minor Seminary of Hazebrouck. Entered the Society of Jesus (Jesuits), September 12, 1941. Jesuit Juniorate, Yzeure (Allier), 1944-1946; Jesuit Scholasticate, Vals-prés-le Puy (Haute-Loire), 1947-1950 (licentiate in Scholastic philosophy); Jesuit Scholasticate, Enghien, Belgium, 1951-1955 (licentiate in theology); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma, 1956-1958 (licentiate in Sacred Scriptures); Pontifical Biblical Institute, Rome, 1963 (doctorate in Sacred Scriptures).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 25, 1954, Enghien, by Henri Dupont, auxiliary of Lille. Professor of classical Greek, Jesuit Scholasticate, Yzeure, 1946-1947 and 1950-1951. From 1959 to 1962, professor of exegesis of the New Testament, Jesuit Scholasticate, Chantilly; and at the Seminary des Missions in Chantilly (Oise) while he redacted his doctoral thesis. Professor of exegesis of the New Testament, Pontifical Biblical Institute, Roma, from 1963. Dean of the Biblical Faculty of the Pontifical Biblical Institute, 1969-1990; during those years, Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., future cardinal, was the rector of the institute. Consultor of the Congregations for the Doctrine of the Faith, 1990- .Consultor of the Congregation for Catholic Education, 1978-1999. Consultor of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity, 1980-1996. Member of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, 1984-1990; its secretary, 1990-2001, under the presidency of Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger. Member of Studiorum Novi Testamenti Societas (International and intercontextual) from 1964; member of the committee, 1975-1979; president, 1995. Member of the Association Catholique Francaise pour l'Étude de la Bible and of its foundation. Participated in Colloquio Ecumenico Paolino, major basilica of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Roma; president of the colloquy of 1995. Member of the Colloquium Biblicum Lovaniense; president of the colloquy of 1984. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987; assistant to the special secretary of the synod. Director of the collection Analecta Biblica. He has published seventeen books, numerous articles in scholarly journals, collective volumes, acts of congresses and entries in encyclopedias. His specialization was in the New Testament letters of St. Paul.

Episcopate. He requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope Benedict XVI.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of March 24, 2006; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria della Mercede e Sant'Adriano a Villa Albani, March 24, 2006. His cardinalitial motto is "Cordi Tuo Unitus". He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave. Director of the annual spiritual exercises of the pope and the Roman Curia, February 10 to 16, 2008. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment.

Bibliography. "Il Verbo di Dio è vivo" : studi sul Nuovo Testamento in onore del cardinale Albert Vanhoye, S.I. A cura di José Enrique Aguilar Chiu ... [et al.]. Roma : Pontificio istituto biblico, 2007. (Analecta biblica ; 165). Note: Fifteen contributions in English, 9 in Italian, 5 in French, 4 in German, and 3 in Spanish.

Webgraphy. Biographical data and bibliography, in Italian; photograph and biography, in French; Catholicism and the Bible: An Interview with Albert Vanhoye, an interview with Peter Williamson, First Things, 74 (June/July 1997), 35-40; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Vanhoye, l'evento che «aprì» la Bibbia by Filippo Rizzi, Quellli del concilio/6, Avvenire, 12 giugno 2012.


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