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(16) 1. SANDRI, Leonardo
(1943-

Birth. November 18, 1943, Buenos Aires, Argentina. From a family of Italian origin. Son of Antonio Enrico Sandri and Nella Righi.

Education. Studied at the Metropolitan Seminary of Buenos Aires; at the Theological Faculty, Buenos Aires (licentiate in theology); at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law; while in Rome, he resided at the Pontifical Collegio Pio-Latinoamericano; later, studied at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome (diplomacy). Besides his native Spanish, he speaks Italian, French, English and German.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 2, 1967, chapel of the Immaculate Conception of the Blessed Virgin Mary in the Major Seminary of Buenos Aires, by Archbishop Juan Carlos Aramburu, coadjutor archbishop of Buenos Aires. He was incardinated in the archdiocese of Buenos Aires. Parish vicar and secretary to Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu. Sent to Rome to continue his studies in 1970; entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1974. Served in the nunciatures in Madagascar and Maurice; in the Secretariat of State, 1977 to 1989; and in the nunciature in the United States of America as permanent observer of the Holy See before the Organization of American States, 1989 to 1991. Regent of the prefecture of the Pontifical Household, August 22, 1991. Assessor of the Secretariat of State for general affairs, April 2, 1992.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Cittanova and named nuncio in Venezuela, July 22, 1997. Consecrated, October 11, 1997, patriarchal Vatican basilica, Vatican City, by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, secretary of State, assisted by Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu, archbishop emeritus of Buenos Aires, and by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State for General Affairs. His episcopal motto is Ille fides. Nuncio in México, March 1, 2000. Named substitute for General Affairs of the Secretariat of State, September 16, 2000. He read the messages of Pope John Paul II when the pope could not read them himself because of his illness; he announced to the world the death of Pope John Paul II on April 2, 2005 from Saint Peter's Square. Confirmed by the new Pope Benedict XVI in the post of substitute for General Affairs of the Secretariat of State, April 21, 2007. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, June 9, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Biagio e Carlo ai Catinari, November 24, 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Presided over a synod of bishops of the Catholic Syrian Church, to take place in Rome from January 17 to 23, 2009, in order to elect a new patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians and of All the East. Papal delegate to the celebration for the ecclesiastical communion with Patriarch Ignace Youssef III Younan of Antioch of the Syrians, which took place on June 18, 2009, at the papal Liberian basilica, Rome. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World".He was one of the presidents delegate to the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for the Middle East, which took place from October 10 to 24, 2010, in Vatican City, on the theme "The Catholic Church in the Middle East, communion and testimony. 'The multitude of those who have become believers have only one heart and only one soul' (Acts 4,32)"; elected member of the Special Council for the Middle East of the Secretariat General of the Synod of Bishops, October 23, 2010. Named papal delegate for the confirmation of the ecclesiastical communion to His Beatitude Béchara Boutros al-Raï, new patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites. On June 9, 2012, he was confirmed for another five years as prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on June 12, 2012. On December 19, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI charged him with presiding the Synod of the Chaldean Bishops for the election of a new patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as counselor of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. Confirmed as prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches by Pope Francis on February 19, 2014.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 1998, n. 7, p. 27.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Sandri: Roman Curia must be organized to efficiently serve Pope, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-06 12:44:01.


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(17) 2. FOLEY, John Patrick
(1935-2011)

Birth. Monday November 11, 1935, Fitzgerald-Mercy Hospital, Darby, archdiocese of Philadelphia, United States of America. He was the only child of John Edward Foley and Regina Vogt.

Education. Studied at Holy Spirit School, Sharon Hill; Saint Joseph's Preparatory School, Philadelphia; Saint Joseph's College, Philadelphia (elected president of the student body, 1956; bachelor's summa cum laude in history,1957); at St. Charles Borromeo Seminary in Wynnewood (bachelor's degree in philosophy, 1958); at S. Tommaso d'Aquino University (Angelicum), Rome (licentiate in philosophy, 1964; doctorate cum laude; dissertation: "Natural Law, Natural Right and the Warren Court"); and at Columbia University's School of Journalism (master of science in journalism magna cum laude, 1966; president of the student body of the Journalism School and representative on the university council).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 19, 1962, metropolitan cathedral of Philadelphia, by John Joseph Krol, archbishop of Philadelphia. Assistant pastor at Sacred Heart church, Manoa, Havertown, archdiocese of Philadelphia, 1962-1963. In 1963, he was named assistant editor of The Catholic Standard and Times (the archdiocesan newspaper) and was assigned to graduate study in Rome, where he also served as Rome correspondent of the newspaper from 1963 until 1965, during the second and third sessions of the Second Vatican Council. In 1966, he was named assistant pastor of St. John the Evangelist Church, Philadelphia, a center-city parish, and member of the faculty of Cardinal Dougherty High School, with residence in St. Bernard Church, also in Philadelphia. In 1967, named again assistant editor of The Catholic Standard and Times and, at the same time, professor of philosophy at St. Charles Borromeo Seminary. News secretary for the meetings of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops in the United States from 1969 until 1984; English-language press liaison for the visit of Pope John Paul II to Ireland and the United States in 1979; and for the Synod of Bishops held at the Vatican in 1980. From 1970 to 1984 he was the newspaper's editor. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, January 18, 1976.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Neapoli di Proconsolare and appointed president of the Pontifical Commission of Social Communications, April 5, 1984; the commission became a pontifical council on June 28, 1988 with the promulgation of the apostolic constitution Pastor Bonus. Consecrated, May 8, 1984, metropolitan cathedral of Philadelphia, by Cardinal John Joseph Krol, archbishop of Philadelphia, assisted by Martin Nicholas Lohmuller, titular bishop of Ramsbiria, auxiliary of Philadelphia, and by Thomas Jerome Welsh, bishop of Allentown; he is the only person to be ordained both to the priesthood and the episcopate by Cardinal Krol. His episcopal motto was Ad majorem Dei gloriam. President of the council of administration of the Vatican Television Center from August 1984 until December 1989; he was also responsible for the Vatican Film Library. He has received the St. Francis de Sales Award of the Catholic Press Association (1984); the Journalism Alumni Award of Columbia University, New York (1985); the Sourin Award of the Catholic Philopatrian Literary Institute of Philadelphia (1990); the President's Medal of Holy Family College, Philadelphia (1996); the Barry Award of the American Catholic Historical Society of Philadelphia (1997); and the Shield of Loyola Award of St. Joseph's University (1997). He was awarded honorary degrees by St. Joseph's University, Philadelphia (1985); the Allentown College of St. Francis de Sales (1990); The Catholic University of America, Washington, (1996); Assumption College, Worcester, (1997); Regis University, Denver, (1998); John Cabot University, Rome, 1998; University of Portland, 2007.He was made knight commander with grand cross, Order of the Northern Star, Kingdom of Sweden (1991); knight commander with star of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem (1991); commander with grand cross in the Order of Bernardo O'Higgins of the Republic of Chile (1996); commander with grand cross in the Order of Libertador General San Martin of the Republic of Argentina (2003); chaplain with grand cross, Sovereign Military Order of Malta. Attended the Second Extraordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 24 to December 8, 1985. Attended the Seventh Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 30, 1987. Attended the Eighth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 28, 1990; by papal appointment. Attended the Special Assembly for Europe of the the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 28 to December 14, 1991. Attended the Ninth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 29, 1994. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Oceania of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 22 to December 12, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; president of the Commission for Information. Confirmed in his post by the new Pope Benedict XVI, April 21, 2005. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005; president of the Commission for Information. Named pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem, June 27, 2007. President emeritus of the Pontifical Council of Social Communications, June 27, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Sebastiano al Palatino, November 24, 2007. Named grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem on December 22, 2007. Suffering from leukemia and anemia, he submitted a letter of resignation to the Vatican's Secretary of State on February 8, 2011; met with Pope Benedict XVI on February 10; and returned to the archdiocese of Philadelphia on February 12, to reside at Villa St. Joseph, a residence for retired, infirm and convalescent priests in Darby. On August 29, 2011, the pope accepted his resignation from the charge of grand master of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre. Member of the Congregations for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and for the Evangelization of Peoples. His friends called him affectionately "His Foleyness".

Death. Sunday December 11, 2011, at around 3 a.m., of leukemia, at Villa St. Joseph in Darby, a suburb of Philadelphia. His funeral took place at the cathedral-basilica of Saints Peter and Paul, Philadelphia, on Friday December 16, 2011, at 2 p.m., presided over by Archbishop Edwin O'Brien, pro-grand master of the Equestrian Order of St. John of Jerusalem and apostolic administrator of Baltimore, United States of America. Archbishop Timothy Dolan of New York was the homilist. Cardinals Sean Patrick O'Malley, O.F.M.Cap., archbishop of Boston and Justin Francis Rigali, archbishop emeritus of Philadelphia, concelebrated the mass together with Antonio Maria Viganò, titular archbishop of Ulpiana, nuncio in the United States of America. Present in the choir were Cardinals Adam Joseph Maida, archbishop emeritus of Detroit; Theodore Edgar McCarrick, archbishop emeritus of Washington; William Henry Keeler, archbishop emeritus of Baltimore; Daniel Nicholas DiNardo, archbishop of Galveston-Houston; and Donald William Wuerl, archbishop of Washington. After the funeral, the body of the cardinal was buried in the crypt of the cathedral-basilica, which is below its main altar (1). In October 2013, Saint Charles Borromeo Seminary in Lower Merion, archdiocese of Philadelphia, established the John Cardinal Foley Chair of Homiletics and Social Communications to honor him.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; arms as grand master of the Order of the Holy Sepulchre and biography, in English, Wikipedia; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription in his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

HIS EMINENCE
CARDINAL JOHN PATRICK FOLEY
Born   11 NOVEMBER 1935
Ordained a Priest  19 May 1962
Ordained a Bishop  8 May 1984
Created a Cardinal  24 November 2007
Died   11 December 2011
AD MAJOREM DEI GLORIAM
REST IN PEACE


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(18) 3. LAJOLO, Giovanni
(1935-

Birth. January 3, 1935, Novara. Son of Carlo Lajolo, a physician, and Teresa Tobia; before getting married, his mother emigrated as a girl with her family to the United States of America and obtained the U.S. citizenship, which she kept after her return to Italy. He was baptized on January 6, 1935, in the basilica of S. Gaudenzio in Novara.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Novara; at the Pontifical Roman Seminary; at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in philosophy in 1955; and a licentiate in theology in 1959); at the University of München, where he earned a doctorate in canon law in 1965; and at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, from 1965 to 1968, where he studied diplomacy. Besides his native Italian, he also speaks German, English and French.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 29, 1960, by Ugo Poletti, titular bishop of Medeli, auxiliary of Novara. Incardinated in the diocese of Novara. Further studies in Rome. Entered the service of the Secretariat of State in 1970. Worked in the nunciature in Germany collaborating with Nuncio Corrado Bafile, future cardinal, from 1970 to November 1974. Staff member of the Council for Public Affairs of the Church from November 1974. Named counselor of nunciature, January 1, 1983. He closely followed the negotiations that led to the signing, in 1984, of the revision of the concordat between Italy and Holy See.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Cesariana and appointed secretary of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See, October 3, 1988. Consecrated, January 6, 1989, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Edward Idris Cassidy, titular archbishop of Amanzia, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by José Tomás Sánchez, archbishop emeritus of Nueva Segovia, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples. His episcopal motto is Deus Dominus et illuxit nobis. Nuncio in Germany, November 7, 1995 to October 7, 2003; during this time in Germany, he organized the Holy See's pavilion at the Hanover Expo 2000 and transferred the nunciature from Bonn to Berlin; also, he was responsible for the many diplomatic agreements between the Holy See and various German länder: in 1996 with Saxony; in 1997 with Thuringia and Lower Mecklenburg-Pomerania; in 1998 with the Saxony-Anhalt; and finally, in 2003 with Brandenburg and with Free City of Bremen. Named secretary of the secretariat of State for the Relations with the States, October 7, 2003; confirmed in his post by the new Pope Benedict XVI, April 21, 2005. Named president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City and president of the Governatorato of the same state, June 22, 2006; the appointment took effect September 15, 2006 (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Maria Liberatrice a Monte Testaccio, November 24, 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". The pope accepted, according to canon 354 of the Code of Canon Law, his resignation from the charges of president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City and president of the Governatorate of the same State, asking him to remain in the posts until October 1, 2011, with all the faculties inherent to such offices. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate. On August 9, 2014, he was named special papal envoy to the centennial celebration of the foundation of the Apostolic Movement of Schönstatt, programmed in Schönstatt in Vallendar, Germany, from October 16 to 19, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) According to Gianni Cardinale's "Portrait of Archbishop Giovanni Lajolo. When diplomacy rhymes with eutrapelia", 30Days, June/ July 2004, "Monsignor Lajolo also cultivates the little known virtue of eutrapelia. He revealed the fact in a memoir of his "unforgettable superior", Cardinal Corrado Bafile, published last year in a miscellany edited by Monsignor Francesco Di Felice for the hundredth birthday of the Abruzzese cardinal (who was 101 on July 4). In the conclusion of his memoir Lajolo wrote: 'The virtue of eutrapelia also helps to make every task -- especially ecclesiastical service -- more human, less burdensome and effective, and can contribute more than a little, as was the case with Nuncio Bafile, even to success in the work of a Holy See diplomat. It, too, is a delightful ray from the light of Christ;. But in what does the virtue consist exactly? Monsignor Lajolo consented to explain it to readers of 30Days. Thus: +Eutrapelia can be described as the virtue of playfulness, as Saint Phillip Neri and Saint John Bosco had it. It is the easing of the bow over bent in physical or spiritual tension. A modern word to define it would be the art of relaxation. Saint Thomas Aquinas, in the Summa Theological -- a famously serious and tightly-strung work, but also olympically serene -- speaks of it several times and writes that the human mind snaps if it never "relaxes" from its concerns. Through the virtue of eutrapelia words and actions can be transformed into moments of calm. It shows itself in cheerful play but also comes through in a friendly humorous saying, in a shrewd story or in a spirited conversation. Examples of eutrapelia close to us are John XXIII, John Paul I and the present Pontiff'".


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(19) 4. CORDES, Paul Josef
(1934-

Birth. September 5, 1934, Kirchhundem, archdiocese of Paderborn, Germany. His parents owned a movie theater, a restaurant and a hotel.

Education. Studied at the Gymnasium of Attendorn (secondary education) until 1955; then, studied two semesters of medicine in Münster; later, at the Philosophical Faculty of Paderborn (philosophy); also, studied philosophy in Lyon; also, studied at the Theological Faculty of Paderborn (theology); and at the University of Mainz, where he was assistant to Professor Karl Lehmann, future cardinal; he was the first student who defended his thesis under young professor Lehmann; dissertation: "Sendung zum Dienst. Exegetisch-historische und systematische Studien zum Konzilsdekret 'Über Leben und Dienst der Priester'", 1971.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1961, by Lorenz Jaeger, archbishop of Paderborn, future cardinal. Prefect of Studienheim Sankt Klemens for late vocations of the dioceses of Paderborn and Münster, 1962-1966. Prefect of "Collegium Leonium" (priestly seminary of the archdiocese of Paderborn), 1966-1969. Doctoral studies in Münster and Mainz, 1969-1971. In 1972, he was called to the secretariat of the Episcopal Conference of Germany; relator for pastoral affairs.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Naisso and appointed auxiliary of Paderborn, October 27, 1975. Consecrated, February 1, 1976, cathedral of Paderborn, by Johannes Joachim Degenhardt, archbishop of Paderborn, assisted by Cardinal Julius Döpfner, archbishop of München und Freising, and by Paul Norhues, titular bishop of Cos, auxiliary of Paderborn. His episcopal motto is Deus fidelis. Honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Paderborn, July 20, 1980. Named vice-president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity in 1980. Promoted to archbishop and appointed president of Pontifical Council Cor Unum, December 2, 1995. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Special Assembly for Asia of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 29 to May 14, 1998. Special papal envoy to the peoples of Nicaragua, El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, who were struck by hurricane "Mitch", November 29 to December 3, 1998. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001 Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Lorenzo in Piscibus, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregations for the Causes of the Saints for the Evangelization of Peoples and for the Clergy; and of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". On October 2, 2009, received an honorary doctorate from the Theological Faculty of the Catholic University of Lublin, Poland, for his theological contributions. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Resigned the presidency of the Pontifical Council Cor Unum for limit of age on October 7, 2010. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On May 10, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the closing celebration of the National Eucharistic Congress of Germany, which took place in Cologne on June 9, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013. On August 2, 2014, he was named special papal envoy to the celebration of the 450th anniversary of the foundation of the Seminary Willibaldinum, of the diocese of Eichstätt, Germany, programmed for October 11, 2014. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 5, 2014.

Bibliography. Cordes, Paul Josef. Where are the helpers? : charity and spirituality. Notre Dame, Ind. : University of Notre Dame Press, 2010.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(20) 5. COMASTRI, Angelo
(1943-

Birth. September 17, 1943, Sorano, diocese of Sovana-Pitigliano (now Pitigliano-Sovana-Orbetello), Italy. Son of Fernando Comastri and Beneria Scossa.

Education. Elementary studies at schools in Sorano; then, studied at the Seminary of Pitigliano; at the Regional Seminary "S. Maria della Quercia", Viterbo (superior studies); at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome (licentiate in theology); and at the Pontifical Roman Seminary.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 11, 1967, parish church of Sorano, by Luigi Boccadoro, bishop of Montefiascone and apostolic administrator of Sovana-Pitigliano. Vice-rector of the Minor Seminary of Pitigliano and, at the same time, pastoral work in the parish of S. Quirico. Went to Rome and became officer of the S. C. Consistorial. Spiritual director of the Pontifical Minor Roman Seminary, Rome; and pastoral work in Roman jails. Returned to his diocese and was named rector of the Seminary of Pitigliano in 1971. Pastor of the parish of S. Stefano Protomartire in Porto S. Stefano, Grosseto, in 1979. Member of the college of consultors; episcopal delegate for the seminarians residing outside of the diocese; professor of religion at the Professional Institute for Maritime Activities, Porto S. Stefano. He acknowledges himself as a spiritual son of Mother Teresa of Calcutta.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Massa Marittima-Piombo, July 25, 1990. Consecrated, September 12, 1990, in the parish church S. Stefano Protomartire in Porto S. Stefano, by Cardinal Bernardin Gantin, bishop of the title of the suburbicarian see of Palestrina, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, assisted by Gaetano Bonicelli, archbishop of Siena-Colle di Val d'Elsa-Montalcino, and by Eugenio Binini, bishop of Sovana-Pitigliano-Orbetello. His episcopal motto is Deus charitas est. Resigned the pastoral government of the diocese for health reasons, March 3, 1994. After his recovery, in that same year, he was named president of the National Italian Committee for the Jubilee of the Year 2000 and placed in charge of the National Center for Vocations of the Italian Episcopal Conference. Named prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate for the Lauretano shrine, and promoted to the rank of archbishop, November 9, 1996; retired, February 5, 2005. Named coadjutor of the archpriest of the papal basilica of Saint Peter in the Vatican, vicar general of His Holiness for the State of Vatican City, and president of the Fabric of St. Peter's, February 5, 2005. He preached the Lent Spiritual Exercises for Pope John Paul II and the Roman Curia. He redacted the meditations for the Way of the Cross presided by Pope Benedict XVI in the Colosseum on Good Friday 2005. Succeeded to the post of archpriest of the papal Vatican basilica, October 31, 2006. He is currently vice president of the Pontifical Academy of the Immacolata.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Salvatore in Lauro, November 24, 2007. Named on April 2, 2012 special papal envoy to the celebration of the closing of the National Eucharistic Congress of Ukraine, which took place in Lviv on June 3, 2012, on the occasion of the sixth centennial of the establishment of the archiepiscopal and metropolitan see of Lviv of the Latins. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013.

Bibliography. Comastri, Angelo. Una Buona Notizia per te!. ciclo A (L'omelia nella celebrazione eucaristica). Torino ; Città del Vaticano : Elledici ; Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013; Comastri, Angelo ; Gaeta, Saverio. Dio scrive dritto. L'avventura umana e spirituale di un cardinale.. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2012. (Dimensioni dello spirito); Comastri, Angelo. La firma di Dio. 3d edition. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2007. (Attualità e storia); Comastri, Angelo ; Dziwisz, Stanislaw ; Buzzonetti, Renato ; Drazek, Czeslaw. Lasciatemi andare. La forza nella debolezza di Giovanni Paolo II. 2d edition. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2006. (Dimensioni dell spirito); Comastri, Angelo. Nel buio brillano le stelle. Storie di conversioni del XX secolo. 2d edition. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2005. (Attualità e storia); Comastri, Angelo. Non uccidete la libertà!. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2005. (Dimensioni dell spirito); Comastri, Angelo. Prepara la culla: è natale!. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2005. (Dimensioni dell spirito); Comastri, Angelo. Ricordo di tre papi.. Milano : San Paolo Edizioni, 2012. (Dimensioni dello spirito, 251); Comastri, Angelo. Ti chiamerai Pietro. Autobiografia del primo Papa. Cinisello Balsamo : San Paolo, 2009; Comastri, Angelo. I giorni di Festa. Cinisello Balsamo : Edizioni San Paolo, 2012.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; his arms, photograph and biographical information, in Italian, Araldica Vaticana; his remembrance of Mother Teresa of Calcutta, in English, Jubileum A. D. 2000, Vatican City; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; his books, Internet Bookshop Italia; Giovanni Paolo II: testimonianza del Cardinale Angelo Comastri, in Italian, You Tube; Intervista Angelo Comastri , in Italian, You Tube.


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(21) 6. RYŁKO, Stanisław
(1945-

Birth. July 4, 1945, Andrychów, archdiocese of Kraków (now in the new diocese of Bielsko-Zwyiec), Poland. Son of Władysław and Aurelia Ryłko. He had an older brother, Władysław, who died in 2007, and a sister, Jadwiga, who lives in Andrychów.

Education. Studied at the Primary school nr. 2 in Andrychów; at the Lyceum of Maria Skłodowska-Curie, Andrychów (graduated in 1963); at the Major Seminary of Kraków; at the Pontifical Theological Faculty of Kraków (licentiate in moral theology); and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in social sciences. Besides his native Polish, he speaks Italian, English and German.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 30, 1969, by Cardinal Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, Wawel Cathedral Basilica, Kraków. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Kraków. Pastoral ministry in a parish in Poronin for two years. Further studies. Vice-rector of the Major Seminary of Kraków. Professor of practical theology in the faculty of theology of the Pontifical Theological Academy of Kraków. Secretary of the commission of the lay apostolate of the Polish Episcopal Conference. In 1987, he was called to Rome and made responsible for the section for the youth of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, and at the same time, chief of office; during this period, he coordinated the organization of the World Youth Day in Santiago de Compostela, Spain, and in Częstechowa, Poland. In 1992, he was transferred to the Polish section of the Secretariat of State.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Novica and named secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Laity, December 20, 1995. Consecrated, January 6, 1996, patriarchal Vatican basilica, Vatican City, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, substitute of the Secretariat of State for General Affairs, and by Jorge María Mejía, titular archbishop of Apollonia, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops. His episcopal motto is Lux mea Christus. Named president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity and promoted to the rank of archbishop, October 4, 2003. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Cuore di Cristo Re, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregations for the Causes of Saints; and for Bishops; of the Pontifical Council for Promoting New Evangelization; and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On September 24, 2013, he was confirmed by the pope as president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity until the end of the current quiquennium (January 24, 2014). Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints on December 19, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. He was confirmed as president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity on February 6, 2014.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 1998, n. 5-6, p. 26.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; his arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(22) 7. FARINA, S.D.B., Raffaele
(1933-

Birth. September 24, 1933, Buonalbergo, diocese of Ariano Irpino (now Ariano Irpino-Lacedonia), Italy. One of his sisters is also a Salesian.

Education. Entered the Congregation of Saint Francis de Sales of Saint John Bosco (Salesians) at the Novitiate of Portici Bellavista, Naples, on August 15, 1947; professed on September 25, 1949; made his perpetual vows on September 25, 1954, in Naples; that same year he began his studies in theology at the Theological Faculty of the Pontifical Salesian Athenaeum of Turin (licentiate in theology, 1958); obtained the abilitazione to teach history and philosophy in the lyceums and teaching institutes from the Faculty of History and Philosophy of the University of Naples, in 1961. Obtained a doctorate in ecclesiastical history from the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, in 1965 (thesis on Eusebius of Caesarea, awarded a gold medal). In 1969, he received a scholarship (Dozentenstipendium) from the Humboldt-Stiftung of the Federal Republic of Germany, to research for two years on "Origen: La regalità di Cristo nel Commento a Matteo", at Franz-Josef-Dölger-Institut of the University of Bonn. Besides his native Italian, he is fluent in German, Spanish, Japanese, and French.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 1, 1958, in Turin, by Michele Albert Arduino, S.D.B., bishop of Shiuchow, China. Further studies, 1958-1968. Professor of ecclesiastical history and patrology at the Salesian theological college of Castellammare di Stabia, Naples, from 1962 to 1963. Professor of history of the church (from the origin to the fall of the Western Roman Empire in 476 A.D.) and of methodology at the Theological Faculty of the Pontifical Salesian University, 1968 to 1972; from 1973 to 1975, he was dean of the same faculty; ordinary professor of ecclesiastical history at the Faculty of Theology of that university from 1976 until 1997, when he retired; rector of the university from 1977 to 1983; and from 1992 to 1997. He was director of the review Salesianum from 1977 to 1983; and from 1992 to 1997. In 1978, he was named regolatore of the 22nd general chapter of his congregation by Rector Major Don Egidio Viganò. From 1979 until 1997, he was member of the scientific direction of the Corona Patrum of the International Publishing Society of Turin. In 1981, he became member of the Pontifical Committee of Historical Science; and its secretary from 1981 to 1989. From 1984 to 1990, he was director of the central Salesian archive of Rome. From 1986 to 1991, he was under-secretary of the Pontifical Council for Culture. In October 1991, he was decorated with the Cross of Merit of the government of the Federal German Republic. From 1992 until 2006, he was president of the editorial commission of Libreria Editrice Vaticana. From 1992 to 1997, he was president of the animator committee of the rectors of the pontifical Roman athenaeums. In that same period, he was representative of the Holy See before the Association of European Universities. Between 1995 and 1999, he was member of the theological- historical commission of the Grand Jubilee of the Year 2000. Named prefect of the Apostolic Vatican Library, May 25, 1997. On July 17, 2000, the minister of culture of France nominated him commander of the Order of the Arts and the Letters. On July 24, 2005, he was named knight grand cross of merit of the Italian Republic. He is member of numerous learned societies (1).

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Oderzo, November 15, 2006. Consecrated, December 16, 2006, at the papal Vatican basilica, by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, assisted by Cardinal James Francis Stafford, grand penitentiary, and by Cardinal Jean-Louis Tauran, archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church. His episcopal motto is Dominus spes nostra. Named archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church and elevated to the rank of archbishop, June 25, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Giovanni della Pigna, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregations for the Causes of Saints, and for Catholic Education. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". On October 16, 2009, he received a doctorate honoris causa in Theology and Patristic Science from the Patristic Institute Agustinianum . His resignation from the post of archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church, upon having reached the age limit, was accepted by Pope Benedict XVI on June 9, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On June 26, 2013, the pope appointed him president of the Pontifical Commission concerning the Institute for the Works of Religion (Vatican Bank). On August 31, 2013, he was named special papal envoy to the celebrations of the first centennial of the foundation of the University "Sophia" of Tokyo, Japan, programmed for November 1, 2013. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when turned eighty years old on September 24, 2013.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; photograph, arms and biography, in Italian, Gruppo Teatrale di Buonalbergo; his arms, photographs and biographical information, in Italian, Araldica Vaticana; his bibliography, in Italian, Italian Association for the Study of Sanctity, Cults and Hagiography; and other images of his arms, Araldica Vaticana; La propensione della Chiesa alla memoria, intervista con il cardinale Raffaele Farina di Roberto Rotondo, in Italian, 30 Giorni, tratto dal n. 03/04 - 2012; Cardinal Raffaele Farina turns 80. Number of Cardinal electors drops to 110, Rome Reports, September 23, 2013.

(1) Associazione dei professori di storia ecclesiastica in Italia, from its foundation in 1971; Association international d'etudes patristiques, from 1980; Associazione archivistica italiana, from 1984; Pontificia accademia teologica romana, from 1995; Associazione italiana per lo studio della santità, dei culti e dell'agiografia, from 1997; Pontificia Accademia delle Scienze, from 1997; scientific committe of "Rivista internazionale di diritto comune", from 1998. He is also ordinary of the Istituto nazionale di studi romani, from November 23, 1999, correspondent of Monumenta Germaniae Historica, from 2000, member of the Società romana di storia patria dal , from 2000 and emeritus of the Comité international de paléographie latine, from 2000.


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(23) 8. GARCÍA-GASCO VICENTE, Agustín
(1931-2011)

Birth. February 12, 1931, Corral de Almaguer, archdiocese of Toledo, Spain.

Education. Primary studies at Colegio de los Hermanos de las Escuelas Cristianas La Salle; entered the Seminary of Madrid-Alcalá in 1944; then, studied at the Pontifical University of Comillas, where he obtained a licentiate in theology in 1969; obtained a diploma in Industrial Sociology and Human Relations in 1970; a diploma in Enterprise Science in 1976; and a diploma in Adult Education and Distance Education Techniques in 1977.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 26, 1956, Madrid, by Leopoldo Eijo y Garay, bishop of Madrid-Alcalá, patriarch of the Western Indies. Pastor in Villamanta. Episcopal Delegate of Diocesan Cáritas. Professor of the school of Cursillos de Cristiandad. Religious assessor of the Commissariat of Cultural Extension of Ministry of Education and Science and of the Provincial Diputation of Madrid from 1958 to 1970. Member of Diocesan Pastoral Junta, 1963-1966. Pastor of the parish of Santísimo Cristo del Amor, Madrid, in 1964. In 1966, he was named prefect of theologians and professor of the Seminary of Madrid. Later, in 1970, pastor of the parish Santiago y San Juan Bautista, Madrid. Secretary general of the Institución "Arzobispo Claret"; member of the National Secretariat of the Clergy, Madrid; and counselor of the Asociación de Padres de Familia del Colegio Sagrado Corazón. He was also founder and director of the Instituto Internacional de Teología a Distancia. Professor of religion of U.N.E.D. (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia) and diocesan delegate of the clergy, 1973. In 1977, he was named episcopal vicar of the Third Vicariate of Madrid. In 1979, he was designated professor of Instituto Teolsgico "San Damaso"; and in 1982, president of Institución Arzobispo Claret.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Nona and appointed auxiliary of Madrid-Alcalá, March 20, 1985. Consecrated, May 11, 1985, church of Nuestra Señora de Guadalupe, Madrid, by Ángel Suquía Goicoechea, archbishop of Madrid, assisted by Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, archbishop emeritus of Madrid, and by Antonio Innocenti, titular archbishop of Eclano, nuncio in Spain. His episcopal motto was In nomine tuo laxabo rete. In 1988, he was named bishop secretary general of Spanish Episcopal Conference for a period of five years. In 1990, he assumed the presidency of Instituto Internacional de Teología a Distancia, now denominated Instituto Superior de Ciencias Religiosas "San Agustín". Promoted to the metropolitan see of Valencia, July 24, 1992. He hosted the Fifth World Day of the Family in Valencia in 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Marcello, November 24, 2007. On January 8, 2009, the pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the metropolitan archdiocese, presented in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was apostolic administrator of the archdiocese until the installation of his successor on April 18, 2009. Lost the right to participate in the conclave when he turned eighty years old on February 12, 2011. In his retirement, the cardinal lived in an apartment at the Seminary of Moncada, Valencia.

Death. May 1, 2011, suddenly, possibly of a cardiac crisis, in the early morning at the residence for pilgrims "San Juan de Ribera", of the Obreras de la Cruz, in Rome. The previous evening, he had participated in the vigil at Circo Maximo for the beatification of the Servant of God Pope John Paul II. When he did not go to the dining room for breakfast, someone went to his room and found him unconscious; an ambulance was called and he was taken to Hospital "San Carlo", where the doctors certified his death. He had arrived in Rome on Wednesday April 27 and was going to participate in the beatification mass May 1. The funeral took place on Wednesday May 4, 2011, at 5 p.m., in the metropolitan cathedral of Santa María of Valencia. The music chosen for the mass was Gabriel Faure's Misa de Requiem; the cardinal was saluted by the bells of the cathedral tower the Micalet. After the funeral, the body was buried in the chapel of "San José" in that cathedral, according to his will. He had prepared his tomb in that chapel some time previously. Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal García-Gasco, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Archbishop Carlos Osoro Sierra of Valencia.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Valencia; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Solemne funeral cardenal García-Gasco, video, You Tube.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his vault, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

AVGVSTINVS GARCIA-GASCO ET VICENTE
IN PAGO CORRAL DE ALMAGVER PROPE TOLETVM NATUS
MATRITENSIS SEDIS AVXILIARIS PRIMVM EPSICOPVS
HANC DEMVM VALENTINAM ECCLESIAM AB ANNO DOM MCMXCII
VSQVE AD ANNUM MMIX PRVDENTISSIME REXIT
IN ERVDIENDO GREGE ENIXE ALLABORAVIT
CATHOLICAM S. VINCENTII MARTYRIS STVDIORVM VNIVERSITATEM
ALIAQVE DEI PLEBEM AD INFORMANDAM FVNDAVIT INSTITVTA
HVMANAE VITAE DIGNITATIS VINDEX STRENVVS
PONT INSTITVTVM IOANNES PAVLVS II DE MATRIMONIO ET FAMILIA
VALENTIAE INSTAVRAVIT VBI
V VNIVERSALEM FAMILIARVM COETVM BENEDICTO XVI
PONT MAX PRAESIDE FOVENS EXCEPIT FELICITERQVE PERFECIT
E PRESBYTERALI ORDINE CARDINALIS ANNO DOM MMVII CREATVS
DVM ROMAE VERSABATVR IN SOLEMNEM
IOANNIS PAVLI II BEATIFICATIONEM PARTES ACTVRVS
OCTOGESIMO ANNO AETATIS SVAE AB INOPINA MORTE RAPTVS EST
QVIESCIT HEIC IN AETERNVM VICTVRVS


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(24) 9. BRADY, Seán Baptist
(1939-

Birth. August 16, 1939, Drumcalpin, near Laragh, diocese of Kilmore, Ireland. Son of Andrew and Annie Brady. His father was a farmer, who died in 1968; his mother died in 1990, aged 86. He has a brother, Con; and a sister, Kitty.

Education. Studied at Caulfield National School, Laragh; at St. Patrick's College, Cavan; at St. Patrick's College, Maynooth; studied and resided at the Pontifical Irish College, Rome; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in canon law in 1967.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 22, 1964, Pontifical Irish College, Rome, by Cardinal Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. Professor in St. Patrick's College, Cavan, from 1967 until 1980. In 1980 he was named vice-rector of the Pontifical Irish College, Rome; its rector, 1987 to 1993. He returned to Ireland and became pastor of Castletara, Cavan (Ballyhaise), diocese of Kilmore, 1993-1994.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor archbishop of Armagh, Ireland, December 13, 1994. Consecrated, February 19, 1995, metropolitan cathedral of Saint Patrick, Armagh, by Cardinal Cahal Brendan Daly, archbishop of Armagh, assisted by Emmanuel Gerada, titular archbishop of Nomento, nuncio in Ireland, and by Gerard Clifford, titular bishop of Geron, auxiliary of Armagh. His episcopal motto is Jesum Christum cognoscere. Succeeded as metropolitan archbishop of Armagh and primate of All Ireland, October 1, 1996; he was installed on November 3, 1996. Chairman of the Irish Episcopal Conference. Attended the Second Special Assembly for Europe of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 1 to 23, 1999. Attended the Ninth General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of Ss. Quirico e Giulitta, November 24, 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On September 8, 2014, he resigned the pastoral government of the archdiocese of Armagh in conformity to canon 401 § 1 of the Code of Canon Law. He was succeeded by Eamon Martin, until then archbishop coadjutor of that see.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Armagh; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Irish political leaders call on cardinal Brady to resign by Gerard O'Connell, Vatican Insider, 05/ 3/2012; Irish Cardinal rejects resignation calls over his role in abuse inquiry by Gerard O'Connell, Vatican Insider, 05/ 3/2012; Cardinal Seán Brady apologises to abuse victim Brendan Boland, RTÉ News Ireland, updated: 19:36, Monday, 7 May 2012; Cardinal Brady: Bring energy of IEC into the Year of Faith, Listen to the complete interview of Cardinal Seán Brady with Emer McCarthy (10:17 min.), Vatican Radio, NEWS.VA., 2012-06-18.


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(25) 10. MARTÍNEZ SISTACH, Lluís
(1937-

Birth. April 29, 1937, Barcelona, Spain. Son of Joan Martínez Puig, a commercial representative, and Maria Sistach Masllorens, a housewife; they had three children, two girls and Lluís; they resided in the neighborhood of Guinardó, where the two sisters still live.

Education. Studied bachillerato at Colegio de la Inmaculada of the Marist Brothers, Barcelona, 1942-1953; Major Seminary of Barcelona, Barcelona, 1954-1961; Escola Normal de Barcelona (education), 1956-1959; Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, 1962-1967 (doctorate in utroque iure, both canon and civil law, 1967; dissertation: "El Derecho de asociación en la Iglesia", published by the Theological Faculty of Catalonia).

Priesthood. Ordained, September 17, 1961, parish church of Santa Maria de Cornellá de Llobregat, by Gregorio Modrego Casaus, archbishop-bishop of Barcelona. In Barcelona, coadjutor of the parish "Sant Pere" in Gavá, July 24, 1963 until 1967; notary of the Metropolitan Ecclesiastical Tribunal, 1967-1973; counselor of the Moviment de Graduats of the Catholic Action, January 18, 1969. Vicar of the parishes "Nuestra Señora de Montserrat" and "Santa Isabel de Aragón", Barcelona, April 20, 1970; synodal judge, December 31, 1971; vice-secretary of the Catalonian bishops, 1971-1977; vice-official of the metropolitan Tribunal, 1973; professor of canon law at the Theological Faculty of Catalonia and at the Superior Institute of Religious Sciences of Barcelona, 1975-1987; member of the presbyteral council, December 1, 1978; sector episcopal vicar, 1978-1979; vicar general and coordinator of the curia, September 11, 1979 until 1991. Secretary of the Conference of Bishops of the province of Tarragona, 1977-1997. Elected president of the Spanish Association of Canonists, 1983; occupied the post until 1988. Member of the College of Consultors in 1985.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Aliezira and appointed auxiliary of Barcelona, November 6, 1987. Consecrated, December 27, 1987, metropolitan cathedral of Barcelona, by Cardinal Narciso Jubany Arnau, archbishop of Barcelona, assisted by Mario Tagliaferri, titular archbishop of Formia, nuncio in Spain, and by Ramón Torrella Cascante, archbishop of Tarragona. His episcopal motto is Charitas Christi urget nos. Transferred to the see of Tortosa, May 17, 1991. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tarragona, February 20, 1997. Member of "Consell Social de la Llengua Catalana" of the Generalitat de Catalunya since 1999. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Barcelona, June 15, 2004. On that same day, the archiepiscopal see of Barcelona was elevated to the rank of metropolitan see.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Sebastiano alle Catacombe, November 24, 2007. Member of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, of the Pontifical Council for the Lay, of the Pontifical Council for the Legislative Texts, and of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". On November 6, 2012, he was awarded an honorary doctorate from the Pontifical Faculty of Theology, which is part of the Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński Catholic University of Warsaw. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Barcelona; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; episcopológio de Barcelona, archdiocese of Barcelona; and his arms and portrait, Araldica Vaticana.


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(26) 11. VINGT-TROIS, André
(1942-

Birth. November 7, 1942, Paris, France. Son of Armand Vingt-Trois and Paulette Vuillamy.

Education. Studied at the Lycée Henri IV, Paris (secondary studies); at Séminaire de Saint-Sulpice d'Issy-les-Moulineaux, from 1962; at the Institut Catholique de Paris (licentiate in moral theology). Military service in Germany, 1964-1965. He was ordained deacon by Daniel Pézeril, titular bishop of Reperi, auxiliary of Paris, in October 1968.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1969, Paris, by Cardinal François Marty, archbishop of Paris. He worked especially in parochial catechetics and the formation of the laity, 1969-1974. From 1974 to 1981, he was vicar at the parish of Sainte-Jeanne de Chantal, Paris. From 1981 to 1988, he was director of the Seminary of Saint-Sulpice d'Issy-les-Moulineaux; professor of moral and sacramental theology; he participated in the work of the different movements of familial pastoral, notably of CPM (Centre de Priparation au Marriage); and in the sessions of permanent formation of the clergy. Vicar general of the archdiocese of Paris; he was in charge of diocesan formation (cathedral school and diocesan seminary); of the means of communications (Radio Notre-Dame, Paris Notre-Dame, Centre d'Information); of the familial pastoral, of the chaplains of public education; and of catechetics.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tibili and appointed auxiliary of Paris, June 25, 1988. Consecrated, October 14, 1988, metropolitan cathedral of Paris, by Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, assisted by Daniel Pézeril, titular bishop of Reperi, auxiliary of Paris, and by Gabriel Vanel, bishop of Auch. His episcopal motto is Sic enim Deus dilecta mundum. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Tours, April 21, 1999. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Paris and named ordinary of the Catholics of Oriental rite in France, February 11, 2005. Elected president of the Episcopal Conference of France for three years on November 5, 2007; re-elected in 2010; occupied the post until July 1, 2013.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Luigi dei Francesi, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregation for Bishops, for the Clergy, and for the Oriental Churches; of the Pontifical Councils for the Family, and for the Pastoral for Migrants and Itinerants. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; by papal appointment. Special papal envoy to the conclusive ceremonies of the Pauline Year observed on June 29, 2009, in Lebanon. Member, by papal appointment, of the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City. Named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on March 7, 2012. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, until the expiration of his term, on February 19, 2014. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Clergy on June 9, 2014. He was named one of the presidents delegate of the 14th General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops that will be celebrated in the Vatican from October 4 to 25, 2015, on the theme "The vocation and the mission of the family in the Church and in the world", on November 21, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in French, archdiocese of Paris; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana; Les fuites au Vatican : un trouble pour toute lEglise. Le cardinal André Vingt-Trois, archevêque de Paris, interview par Damien Berné, hebdomadaire Paris Notre-Dame du 21 juin 2012; France : le cardinal Vingt-Trois a rencontré le président Hollande, InfoCatho.be, mercredi, 18 juillet 2012; France: Church appeals against same-sex marriage law, Vatican Insider, 08/ 3/2012.


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(27) 12. BAGNASCO, Angelo
(1943-

Birth. January 14, 1943, Pontevico, diocese of Brescia, Italy. His parents were Alfredo and Rosa Bagnasco; he was a worker in a pastry factory, and she was a housewife. He had an older sister, Anna. The family had to move to Pontevico because of the Second World War but returned to Genoa after it was over.

Education. Studied at the Archiepiscopal Seminary of Genoa (ginnasiali and liceale studies); and at the State University of Genoa, where he earned a doctorate in philosophy in 1979.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1966, Brescia, by Cardinal Giuseppe Siri, archbishop of Genoa. Vicar, parish of "S. Pietro e S. Teresa del Bambino Gesy", Genoa, 1966-1985. From 1986 to 1995, pastoral assistant with diocesan duties. From 1980 to 1998, professor of metaphysics and contemporary atheism at the Theological Faculty of Northern Italy, section "Parallela di Genova". From 1975 to 1984, professor of Italian at "Liceo Classico", Seminary of Genoa. From 1980 to 1995, diocesan assistant of F.U.C.I. (Federazione Universitari Cattolici Italiani). From 1985 to 1996, director of the Catechetical Office of the diocese and of Liguria, as well as regional delegate for the pastoral of the schools. From 1986 to 1994, president and professor of "Istituto Superiore di Scienze Religiose" of Genoa, with competence for the entire "Regione Ecclesiastica Ligure". From 1990 to 1996, director of the Office of Education with the charge of the formation of the teachers of religion. From 1993 to 1996, director of the diocesan work "Apostolato Liturgico". From 1995 to 1997, episcopal vicar and spiritual director of the Archiepiscopal Seminary of Genoa.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Pesaro, January 3, 1998. Consecrated, February 7, 1998, metropolitan cathedral of S. Lorenzo, Genoa, by Dionigi Tettamanzi, archbishop of Genoa, assisted by Gaetano Michetti, bishop emeritus of Pesaro, and by Giacomo Barabino, bishop of Ventimglia-San Remo. His episcopal motto is Christus spes mea. Promoted to archbishop when the diocese was elevated to the rank of metropolitan see, March 11, 2000. President of the administrative council of the daily Italian Catholic newspaper "Avvenire" from 2001. Named military ordinary for Italy, June 20, 2003. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Genoa, August 29, 2006. Pope Benedict XVI named him president of the Italian Episcopal Conference on March 7, 2007; confirmed for another quinquennium on March 7, 2012.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of Gran Madre di Dio, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregations for the Oriental Churches, for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and for Bishops. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". On September 30, 2011, he was elected vice-president of the Council of European Episcopal Conferences for the quinquennium 2011-2016. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, until the expiration of his term, on February 19, 2014.

Webgraphy. Arms, photograph and biography, in Italian, archdiocese of Genoa; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Cardinal Bagnasco: The man at the helm of Italian bishops, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-05 11:53:58.


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(28) 13. SARR, Théodore-Adrien
(1936-

Birth. November 28, 1936, Fadiouth, archdiocese of Dakar, Sénégal. Son of Rog Sarr and Louise Diakher Diouf; they had three sons and four daughters.

Education.Studied at the Minor Seminary of Hann (secondary studies; obtained a baccalaureate); at the Major Seminary of Sebikhotane (philosophy and theology); and at the University of Dakar (licentiate in Classical languages: Latin and Greek).

Priesthood. Ordained, May 28, 1964, N'Gasobil, by Hyacinthe Thiandoum, archbishop of Dakar, future cardinal. Further studies at the University of Dakar and pastoral ministry at the parish of Saint-Thérèse, Dakar, as assistant of the groups of Catholic Action. Professor of the Minor Seminary of N'Gasobil; later, its superior, 1970-1974.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Kaolack, July 1, 1974. Consecrated, November 24, 1974, Kaolak, open air, grand square of Collège Pie XII, by Hyacinthe Thiandoum, archbishop of Dakar, assisted by Théophile Albert Cadoux, bishop emeritus of Kaolack, and by Augustin Sagna, bishop of Ziguinchor. His episcopal motto is Ad quem ibimus. Promoted to metropolitan see of Dakar, June 2, 2000. President of the Episcopal Conference of Sénégal, Mauritania, Cape Verde and Guinea-Bissau. First vice-president of the Symposium of Episcopal Conferences of Africa and Madagascar.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Lucia a Piazza d'Armi, November 24, 2007. Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World"; its third president-delegate. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, Holy See Press Office; his motto and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(29) 14. GRACIAS, Oswald
(1944-

Birth. December 24, 1944, Bombay (now Mumbai), India. Son of Jervis and Aduzinda Gracias.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of St. Pius X, Bombay (philosophy and theology); at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, from 1976 to 1982, where he earned a doctorate in canon law and a diploma in jurisprudence. He also obtained a bachelor of arts in sociology and political science.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 20, 1970, Bombay, by Cardinal Valerian Gracias, archbishop of Bombay. Chancellor and secretary to the bishop of Jamshedpur, 1971- 1976. Further studies in Rome, 1976-1982. Returned to Bombay in 1982 and was named chancellor, judge of the metropolitan tribunal and judicial vicar. From 1991, he was also archdiocesan consultor; visiting professor of the Seminary of Bombay; and of the Pontifical Seminaries of Poona and Bangalore; also, president of the Canon Law Society of India.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Bladia and appointed auxiliary of Bombay, June 28, 1997. Consecrated, September 16, 1997, St. Michael's school in Mahim, archdiocese of Bombay, by Ivan Dias, archbishop of Bombay, assisted by Ferdinand Joseph Fonseca, titular bishop of Acqua di Mauritania, auxiliary of Bombay, and by Bosco Penha, titular bishop of Maxula Prato, auxiliary of Bombay. His episcopal motto is To reconcile all things in Christ. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Agra, September 7, 2000. President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India (CCBI), Latin rite. Advisor to the Indian Catholic Press Association. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Bombay, October 14, 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Paolo della Croce a "Corviale", November 24, 2007. Member of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments; and of the Pontifical Councils for the Legislative Texts and for the Social Communications. Elected as the first vice-president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India (CCBI), February 19, 2008. On June 24, 2008, he was named one of the three presidents delegate to the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops that took place at the Vatican from October 5 to 26, 2008; on September 9, 2008, the Vatican Press Office announced that he was unable to attend and would be replaced as president delegate by Cardinal George Pell, archbishop of Sydney, Australia. Elected president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India, March 4, 2010; occupied the post until February 11, 2014. Named member of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications on December 29, 2011. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on June 12, 2012. On September 18, 2012, the pope appointed him synodal father of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of the Christian faith". Elected as the first vice-president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of India (CCBI), February 8, 2013. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. On April 13, 2013, he was named by Pope Francis member of a group of cardinals to advise him in the government of the universal Church and to study a plan for revising the apostolic constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus. He was confirmed as member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. On September 20, 2104, he was named special papal envoy to the celebrations of the 500th anniversary of the evangelization of Myanmar, programmed in Yangon from November 21 to 23, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph, arms and biography, in English, Archdiocese of Bombay; photograph and biographical data, in English, The Catholic Bishops' Conference of India (C.B.C.I.); biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana; "A new life for the Indian Church," Card Gracias says. The archbishop of Mumbai is elected president of the Bishops' Conference of India by Nirmala Carvalho, Asia News, 03/02/2010 15:30; Cardinal Oswald Gracias to head Latin rite bishops, UCAN India, February 11, 2013, 8:12 AM; Card. Gracias: G8 Commission marks a new approach for the Church, Rome Reports, 2013-09-27 13:02:53; Card Gracias: Poverty and attacks on life threaten democracy in India by Card. Gracias, AsiaNews.it, 01/27/2014 10:47.


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(30) 15. ROBLES ORTEGA, Francisco
(1949-

Birth. March 2, 1949, Mascota, diocese of Tepic, México. From a working-class family in Jalisco. Third of the sixteen children of Francisco Robles Arreola and Teresa Ortega de Robles.His first name is also listed as José Francisco.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Autlán (humanities); then, at the Seminary of Guadalajara (philosophy); later, at the Seminario de Zamora (theology); and finally, at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, 1976-1979 (licentiate in dogmatic theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, July 20, 1976, for the diocese of Autlan, in the parish church of Mascota, by Maclovio Vázquez Silos, bishop of Autlán. Further studies in Rome, 1976-1979. Vicar general of Autlán and professor of philosophy and theology at its seminary. At the death of Bishop Vazquez Silos, in July 1990, he was named diocesan administrator.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Bossa and appointed auxiliary of Toluca, April 30, 1991. Consecrated, June 5, 1991, cathedral of Toluca, by Alfredo Torres Romero, bishop of Toluca, assisted by José María Hernández Hurtado, bishop of Netzahualcóyotl, and by Javier Lozano Barragán, bishop of Zacatecas. His episcopal motto is In simplicitate fidei. At the death of Bishop Torres Romero on October 15, 1995, he was named diocesan administrator of Toluca. Transferred to the see of Toluca, June 15, 1996; took possession of the see on July 15, 1996. Participated in the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Monterrey, January 25, 2003. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 2003, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. President of the Episcopal Commission Pro Colegio Mexicano for the triennium 2004-2006. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate (CELAM), celebrated in Aparecida, Brazil, from May 13 to 31, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Maria della Presentazione, November 24, 2007. Member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America, 2008. Since July 2009, he represents the Catholic Church, by designation of the Council of the Latin American Episcopate (CELAM), in the assemblies of the World Organization of Religious Leaders for Peace. In the Mexican Episcopal Conference, he is president of the Commission for religious dialog and communion. On January 5, 2011, the pope named him member of the Pontifical Council for the New Evangelization. On July 9, 2011, he was named special papal envoy to the conclusive celebrations of the jubilar year for the 375th anniversary of the discovery of the image of Our Lady of the Angels, patroness of Costa Rica, which took place in Cartago, on August 2, 2011. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Guadalajara on December 7, 2011. Took possession of the see of Guadalajara on February 7, 2012. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI in the papal Vatican basilica on June 29, 2012. Named one of the three presidents delegate of the Thirteenth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, which will take place from October 7 to 28, 2012, on the theme "The new evangelization for the transmission of Christian faith" on June 30, 2012. On November 15, 2012, he was elected president of the Mexican Episcopal Conference for the triennium 2012-2015. Named member of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications on November 24, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Named member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014.

Webgraphy. Photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Monterrey; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Mexico: A new archbishop for Guadalajara, Vatican Insider, December 7, 2011; Cardinal Robles Ortega, taking on drug trafficking without bodyguards, video, Rome Reports, 2013-03-09 08:00:00; La "Relatio" es una "foto fiel" del Sínodo, pero con limitaciones by Andrés Beltramo Álvarez, Vatican Insider, 10/15/2014.


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(31) 16. DINARDO, Daniel Nicholas
(1949-

Birth. May 23, 1949, Steubenville, United States of America. Son of Nicholas DiNardo and Jane Green. He has a twin sister, Margaret; an older brother, Thomas; and a younger sister, Mary Anne. His family moved to Castle Shannon, diocese of Pittsburgh.

Education. Secondary studies in Pittsburgh; then, studied at Saint Paul Seminary, Pittsburgh; at the The Catholic University of America, Washington, where he earned a master's in philosophy; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in theology; also studied patrology at the Augustinianum, Rome.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 16, 1977, Pittsburgh, by Vincent Leonard, bishop of Pittsburgh; incardinated in the diocese of Pittsburgh. Vice-pastor and adjunct episcopal chancellor in the diocese of Pittsburgh. Worked for seven years at the Congregation for Bishops, in the Roman Curia, 1984 to 1991; at the same time, he was director of Villa Stritch and adjunct professor at the Pontifical North American College. On his return to Pittsburgh, he was named adjunct diocesan director for education and parish pastor; he was also member of the diocesan theological commission and of the presbyteral council.

Episcopate. Elected coadjutor bishop of Sioux City, August 19, 1997. Consecrated, October 7, 1997, church of the Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, by Lawrence Donald Soens, bishop of Sioux City, assisted by Donald William Wuerl, bishop of Pittsburgh, and by Raymond Leo Burke, bishop of La Crosse. His episcopal motto is Ave Crux spes unica. Succeeded to the see of Sioux City, November 28, 1998. Named coadjutor of Galveston-Houston, January 16, 2004. Promoted to the rank of archbishop, when the see was elevated to metropolitan archdiocese, December 29, 2004. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Galveston-Houston, February 28, 2006.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Eusebio, November 24, 2007. Member of the Pontifical Councils for the Pastoral of the Migrants and Itinerants, and for Culture. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Elected vice-president of the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops for a triennium on November 12, 2013. He was named member of the Council for the Economy for a quinquennium on March 8, 2014. On March 29, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Pontifical Council for Culture until the expiration of his mandate.

Webgraphy. His arms and biography, in English, archdiocese of Galveston-Houston; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(32) 17. SCHERER, Odilo Pedro
(1949-

Birth. September 21, 1949, São Francisco, Cerro Largo, diocese of Santo Ângelo, Brazil. Of a family of German origin. Son of Edwino Scherer and Francisca Wilma Steffens. Distant relative of Cardinal Alfredo Vicente Scherer (1969).

Education. Studied at the Diocesan Seminary of Toledo, Paraná; at the Seminary of "São José", Curitiba; at the Major Seminary "Rainha dos Apóstolos", Curitiba (philosophy); at the Studium teologicum, Curitiba (theology); after his ordination, he was sent to Rome; resided at Pontificio Collegio Pio Brasiliano di Roma; and studied at the Pontifical Gregorian University, where he obtained a licentiate in philosophy and doctorate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 7, 1976, by Armando Círio, O.S.I., bishop of Toledo; incardinated in the diocese of Toledo. Further studies in Rome. He was rector and professor of the Minor Seminary "São José", of Cascavel (Paraná); and of the Philosophical Seminary "Maria Mãe da Igreja", of Toledo; professor of theology at the Theological Institute of Londrina; rector of the Theological Seminary "Nossa Senhora de Guadalupe", of Cascavel. Professor of philosophy at the State University Center of Toledo; and director and professor of theology at the Interdiocesan Theological Center of Cascavel. Vice-pastor of the parish "São Pedro e São Paulo", of Toledo; pastor of the cathedral "Cristo Rei" and member of presbyteral council. In the Episcopal Conference Regional "Sul 2" (State of Paraná), he was in charge of the vocational pastoral and was coordinator of the Regional Commission for Priests. From 1994 to 2001, he was an official of the Congregation for Bishops; during that period, he worked pastorally at the parish "Santi Patroni dItalia, S. Francesco e S. Caterina", and as chaplain of "Casa di Cura" of the Franciscan Sisters of the Good Shepherd.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Novi and appointed auxiliary of São Paulo, November 28, 2001. Consecrated, cathedral of Cristo Rei, Toledo, February 2, 2002, by Cardinal Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M., archbishop of São Paulo, assisted by Armando Cirio, archbishop emeritus of Cascavel, and by Anuar Battisti, bishop of Toledo. His episcopal motto is In meam commemorationem. In May 203, he was elected secretary general of the National Conference of Bishops of Brazil, for the 2003-2007 term. On December 12, 2006, he was nominated by Pope Benedict XVI secretary general adjunct of the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate to be held in Aparecida, Brazil, May 13 to 31, 2007. Promoted to the metropolitan see of São Paulo, March 21, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of S. Andrea al Quirinale, November 24, 2007. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church"; he was one of the three presidents-delegate; elected member of the Twelfth Council of the General Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, October 22, 2008. Extraordinary papal envoy in special mission to the ceremony of the 30th anniversary of the Pontifical Mediation between Argentina and Chile for the dispute over the Channel of Beagle, which took place in Monte Aymond, Argentina, on December 5, 2008. Named member of the Council of Cardinals for the Study of the Organizational and Economic Problems of the Holy See, May 9, 2009. Head of the delegation of the Holy See and special papal envoy to the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from June 20 to 22, 2012. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. Confirmed as member of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014. On June 9, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Clergy.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 2003, n. 12, p. 6.

Webgraphy. His photograph, arms and biography, in Portuguese, archdiocese of São Paulo; biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; Divorziati, Scherer: dal Sinodo un'apertura della Chiesa, con certi limiti by Domenico Agasso jr, Vatican Insider, 17/05/2014.


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(33) 18. NJUE, John
(1944-

Birth. 1944, Embu, Kenya. Son of Joseph Nyanga Kibariki and Monica Ngina Nyaga. He was baptized in 1948, in the parish of Kevote.

Education. Studied at the Minor Seminary of Meru; and later, at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, 1967-1974, where he obtained a licentiate in philosophy; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he earned a licentiate in pastoral theology. He knows several languages.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 6, 1973, patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI. Professor of philosophy at the National Seminary of Bungoma, diocese of Kakmega, 1975; later, its vice-rector; and finally, its rector. In 1982, he completed a course in spirituality in the United States of America. Rector of the Philosophical Seminary of Meru, in Nairobi.

Episcopate. Elected first bishop of Embu, June 9, 1986. Consecrated, September 20, 1986, by Cardinal Jozef Tomko, prefect of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples, assisted by Silas Silvius Njiru, bishop of Meru, and by Raphael S. Ndingi Mwana'a Nzeki, bishop of Nakuru. His episcopal motto is In veritate testimonium caritate servitium. Attended the Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, April 10 to May 8, 1994. President of the Episcopal Conference of Kenya, 1997-2003. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Nyeri, January 23, 2002. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Nairobi, October 6, 2007; he was installed on November 1, 2007.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of Preziossisimo Sangue di Nostro Signore Gesù Cristo, November 24, 2007. Member of the Congrgations for the Evangelization of Peoples and for the Clergy; and of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications. Received the pallium on June 29, 2008, from Pope Benedict XVI, in the papal Vatican basilica. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". Participated in the Second Special Assembly for Africa of the Synod of Bishops, October 4 to 25, 2009, Vatican City, on the theme "The Church in Africa, at the Service of Reconciliation, Justice and Peace: You Are the Salt of the Earth; You Are the Light of the World"; president of its Commission for Information. Head of the official delegation of the Holy See to the proclamation of the new Republic of South Sudan, on July 9, 2011, in the city of Juba. Named member of the Pontifical Council for Social Communications on December 29, 2011. Participated in the conclave of March 12 to 13, 2013, which elected Pope Francis. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. He was named member of the Pontifical Council for the Laity on February 6, 2014. On June 9, 2014, he was confirmed as member of the Congregation for the Clergy.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, Holy See Press Office; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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(34) 19. DELLY, Emmanuel III
(1927-2014)

Birth. September 27, 1927, Telkaif, archeparchy of Mosul of the Chaldeans (province of Nineveh - Mosul), Iraq. From a pious Christian family. His parents were Jarjis Murad Delly (or Deli) and Katrina Petrus Jadaan. He was baptized on the following October 6, at the church of Telkaif, by Father Francis Kattula, receiving the name Karim.

Education. Initial education, pre-school and kindergarten, with the Dominican Sisters of St. Catherine; elementary education at the Elementary School of Telkaif; then he entered St. Peter Patriarchal Seminary in Mosul on September 21, 1940, where he completed his formation in philosophy and theology; then, he was sent to Rome on September 25, 1946 to study at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, where he earned a master's in philosophy in 1949 with the thesis "The Existence of God by Philosopher Al-Faraby"; and a doctorate in theology in 1954 with the thesis "Assemblies of Bishop Elia Bar Shenaya with the Minister of Morocco in 1926"; and at the Pontifical Lateran University, where he earned a doctorate in canon law in 1959. He spoke Arabic, French, Italian, Latin, English and Aramaic.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1952, at the chapel of the Pontifical Collegio Urbaniano de Propaganda Fide, Rome, by Cardinal Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, prefect of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. He returned to Baghdad on January 30, 1960 and was appointed secretary to Patriarch Mar Paules Cheikho II; occupied the post for two years.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Palempoli di Asia and appointed auxiliary of Babylon of the Chaldeans, December 7, 1962. Confirmed by the pope, December 26, 1962. Consecrated, April 19, 1963, at St. Joseph Chaldean Church in Kharabanda, Baghdad, by Paul II Cheikho, patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, assisted by Raphaël Bidawid, bishop of Amadiyah of the Chaldeans, by Armand-Étienne Marie Blanquet du Chayla, archbishop of Baghdad of the Latins, and by Athanase Jean Daniel Bakose, archbishop of Baghdad of the Syrians. He undertook the tasks of building churches and supervising the Patriarchal Seminary and religious orders. Promoted to titular archbishop of Kashkar of the Chaldeans, May 6, 1967. He visited the Chaldean communities in India, Australia, New Zealand, Europe, Iran, Georgia and Turkey. On October 24, 2002, he resigned the office of auxiliary bishop of Babylon of the Chaldeans because of age limits. He was an outspoken critic of the U.S.-led invasion and occupation of Iraq and fought to highlight the problems facing Iraq's minorities since the 2003 war began. Elected patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans, December 3, 2003, by the Synod of Bishops of the Chaldean Church, celebrated at the Vatican; he took the name Emmanuel III (1). Pope John Paul II granted him the ecclesiastica communio, December 3, 2003. President by right of the Assembly of Catholic Bishops of Iraq (AECI). During his patriarchate, he represented the Catholic community in the contacts with the Iraqi Civil Authority. In August 2004, there were bloody attacks against churches in Baghdad and Mosul. Consultor of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Oriental Canon Law; and of the Commission for the Relations with Islam, in the the Pontifical Secretariat for Non-Christians. As patriarch, he was member by right of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Attended the Eleventh General Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 2 to 23, 2005.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal patriarch in the consistory of November 24, 2007. Instead of the red biretta, he received a black headdress (shash) proper of the Oriental rite prelates, November 24, 2007. He was the first Chaldean patriarch to be promoted to the cardinalate. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave. Member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. Attended the Twelfth Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, October 5 to 26, 2008, on "The Word of God in the Life and Mission of the Church". He was one of the presidents delegate ad honorem to the Special Assembly of the Synod of Bishops for the Middle East, which took place from October 10 to 24, 2010, in Vatican City, on the theme "The Catholic Church in the Middle East, communion and testimony. 'The multitude of those who have become believers have only one heart and only one soul' (Acts 4,32)". On December 19, 2012, Pope Benedict XVI accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the Chaldean Church.

Death. April 8, 2014, in the afternoon, in a hospital in San Diego, California, United States of America. Upon learning the news of the death of Cardinal Delly, Pope Francis prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence (2) to Patriarch Louis Raphaël I Sako of Babylon of the Chaldeans. Cardinal Pietro Parolin, secretary of State, also sent a message of condolence. Nouri al-Maliki, prime minister of Iraq, offered his condolences for the death of the cardinal. The funeral was celebrated on Thursday April 10, in the Chaldean Catholic Cathedral of St. Peter in El Cajon, California. Afterward, the body was transferred to Detroit, Michigan, where many of his relatives reside. He is survived by two sisters who live in metro Detroit, one sister in Windsor, and one brother in Phoenix, Ariz. The requiem mass was held on Saturday April 12, 2014, at noon, in Mother of God Chaldean Cathedral in Southfield. He was buried at Holy Sepulcher Catholic Cemetery following the funeral mass. A solemn funeral in the Chaldean Cathedral of St. Joseph in Baghdad, Iraq, was presided over by Patriarch Sako also on April 12.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Press Office of the Holy See; his photograph and arms, Araldica Vaticana; Patriarch Emmanuel Delly of the Chaldean Church of Babylon in Iraq affirms the Aramean origin of the Iraqi Christians, 27th of October 2008; Patriarch Delly resigns: The good and bad news about the Chaldeans' future by Gianni Valente, Vatican Insider, www.iraqichristians.org,12/19/2012; Patriarch Sako: mourning and prayer for Card Delly who kept us united in dark times by Joseph Mahmoud, AsiaNews, 04/09/2014 16:42; Concluding the Funeral Service for Deceased Patriarch, Chaldean Catholic Diocese of St. Peter the Apostle, San Diego, California, United States of America, April 10, 2014; Services planned for Chaldean Church leader, dead at 86, Detroit Free Press, April 12, 2014, 8:37 a.m.; List of Chaldean Catholic Patriarchs of Babylon, Wikipedia.

(1) He was elected as a "transitional" patriarch after the two leading candidates, Antoine Audo, S.J., bishop of Alep of the Chaldeans, and Sarhad Yawsip Jammo, bishop of Saint Peter the Apostle of San Diego of the Chaldeans, California, United States of America, failed to obtain the required two third majority after a previous electoral assembly of the Chaldean Synod in Baghdad failed to choose a candidate.
He had a Facebook page which listed this daily schedule:
7:00 a.m. Waking up
7:30 a.m. Prayer and meditation
8:00 a.m. Celebration of holy mass
9:00 a.m. Breakfast then going to the office
10:00 a.m. Reading and writing important letters
11:00 a.m. Meetings and interviews if any
12:30 p.m. Lunch
1:00 p.m. Walking and rest after lunch
2:00 p.m. Preparing official letters
3:00 p.m. Necessary phone calls
5:00 p.m. Visiting or receiving people
7:00 p.m. Vespers and praying holy Rosary
8:00 p.m. Dinner
9:00 p.m. Watching TV News
10:00 p.m. Calling family and friends
11:00 p.m. Sleeping.

(2) This is the text of the telegram and of the message of condolence, taken from the site of the Press Office of the Holy See:

His Beatitude Louis Raphaël I Sako
Patriarch of Babylon of the Chaldeans
I was deeply saddened to hear of the death of His Beatitude Cardinal Emmanuel III Delly, Patriarch Emeritus of Babylon of the Chaldeans. I offer you, the clergy, men and women religious and lay faithful of the Patriarchate, both in Iraq and in the diaspora, my condolences and the assurance of my prayers. I recall with deep gratitude the late Patriarchs dedication to his people and to the promotion of respectful, just and peaceful relations with followers of other religious traditions. I join you and all who mourn the passing of this esteemed Pastor in commending his noble soul to the infinite mercy of God our loving Father, and I cordially impart my Apostolic Blessing as a pledge of peace and hope in the Lord.

Franciscus PP.


I offer you, your brother Bishops and the entire Church in Iraq my heartfelt sympathy on the passing of His Beatitude Cardinal Emmanuel III Delly. I pray that the Lord whom he served with fidelity will grant him eternal rest.
Cardinal Pietro Parolin
Secretary of State


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(35) 20. COPPA, Giovanni
(1925-

Birth. November 9, 1925, Alba, Italy.

Education. Studied at the Seminary of Alba (philosophy and theology); at the Catholic University of the Sacred Heart, Milan, where he earned a doctorate in modern letters; dissertation: The iconography of the Most Holy Trinity from the origins to the 14th century. He also frequented he shool of art "Beato Angelico", Porta Venezia, Milan, founded by Monsignor Giuseppe Polvara.

Priesthood. Ordained, January 2, 1949, by one of the auxiliary bihops of Turin. Incardinated in the diocese of Alba. Celebrated his first mass at the parish of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, Alba. Sent to Milan for further studies. Diocesan delegate for the aspirants of the Catholic Action. In 1952, he was called to the Roman Curia to work in the Apostolic Chancery as a Latinist; in 1958, he passed to the Secretariat of State. From 1954, he was the director of the monthly retreat of the nuns of the Holy Family of Spoleto, in their house in Monte Gallo, Rome. Vice-chaplain of the Palatine Guard of Honor and responsible of the Conference of Saint Vincent of Paul. During the Second Vatican Council, he was an expert for the Latin language. In 1965, he was named honorary canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. In 1970, he was named cappo ufficio and attuario of the meeting of the cardinal heads of the dicasteries of the Roman Curia. Named assessor of the Secretariat of State on November 19, 1975. When the Association of Saints Peter and Paul was instituted in the Vatican, the Secretariat of State named him its counselor. Chaplain of the Franciscan nuns of L'Atonement, in the church of Maria Immacolata al Monte Celio. Assistant of the celadore of the Apostolate of Prayer. Responsible of the Gruppo del Vangelo. He wrote several works on Saint Ambrose, the Gospels and the Fathers of the Church, as well as numerous articles in "L'Osservatore Romano", "Ecclesia", "Latinitas", "Studi Romani", "Aevum", "Cicero", and "Monitor Ecclesiasticus".

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Serta and appointed delegate for the pontifical representations in the Secretariat of State, December 1, 1979. Consecrated, patriarchal Vatican basilica, January 6, 1980, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Vatican Secretariat of State, and by Ferdinando Maggioni, titular bishop of Subaugusta, auxiliary of Milan. His episcopal motto is Sobria ebrietas spiritus. As delegate for the pontifical representations, he went around the world five times to visit all of them. Nuncio in Czechoslovakia, June 30, 1990. Nuncio in the Czech Republic and in Slovakia, January 1, 1993. Ceased in his functions of nuncio in Slovakia, March 2, 1994. Resigned the nunciature in the Czech Republic, May 19, 2001.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Lino, November 24, 2007. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana; and photogallery, Press Office of the Czech Bishops' Conference, in English; E il latino rinacque dal Vaticano II by Filippo Rizzi, Quellli del concilio/5, Avvenire, 30 maggio 2012; Come diventai latinista. l cardinale Giovanni Coppa racconta i suoi sessantacinque anni di sacerdozio. By Nicola Gori, L'Osservatore Romano, Anno CLIII n. 298 (46.542), lunedì-martedì 30-31 dicembre 2013, p. 6.


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(36) 21. KARLIC, Estanislao Esteban
(1926-

Birth. February 7, 1926, Oliva, diocese of Villa María, Argentina. Of an immigrant Croatian family.

Education. Studied at the Major Seminary of Córdoba; and at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, where he earned a licentiate in theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1954. Superior of the philosophy section of the Major Seminary of Córdoba; also, professor of theology in the same seminary.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Castro, June 6, 1977. Consecrated, August 15, 1977, cathedral of Nuestra Señora, Paraná, by Cardinal Raul Francisco Primatesta, archbishop of Córdoba, assisted by Alfredo Guillermo Disandro, titular bishop of Vico della Torre, auxiliary of Córdoba, and by Cándido Genaro Rubiolo, bishop of Villa María. His episcopal motto is Servire. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor and apostolic administrator of Paraná, January 19, 1983; assumed the post on March 20, 1983. Succeeded to the metropolitan see of Paraná, April 1, 1986. He was member of the commission for the redaction of the new Cathechism of the Catholic Church from 1986 until 1992. President of the Episcopal Conference of Argentina during two periods, 1996-1999 and 1999-2002. Attended the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. Attended the Tenth Ordinary Assembly of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, September 30 to October 27, 2001; president of the Commission for the Message. Resigned the pastoral government of the see, April 29, 2003.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the title of Beata Maria Vergine Addolorata a piazza Buenos Aires, November 24, 2007. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms and photograph, Araldica Vaticana.


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(37) 22. NAVARRETE CORTÉS, S.J., Urbano
(1920-2010)

Birth. May 25, 1920, Camarena de la Sierra, diocese of Teruel y Albarracín, Spain. Of a family of farmers of a good economic position. Son of José Navarrete Esteban. He was the fourth of six siblings, of which five followed the religious vocation, three of them in the Society of Jesus, and two became nuns. At the beginning of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939), the part of the family that could leave the area of Teruel did so and gathered in Zaragoza.

Education. Entered the Society of Jesus (Jesuits) on June 20, 1937, in Italy, where the novitiate of the Jesuit province of Aragón was located because of the civil war; two years later, he returned to Spain to continue his priestly formation; for four years, he studied humanities in the Center of the monastery of Veruela, in Zaragoza; he did the magisterio, three years of teaching, at that same Center; he then studied philosophy for three years at the Faculty of Sarriá, Barcelona, obtaining a doctorate; then, for four years, he studied theology at the Faculty of Oña, Burgos, earning a doctorate; and finally, he studied canon law for four years at the Pontifical Gregorian University in Rome, where he also obtained a doctorate.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 31, 1952, Barcelona, during the International Eucharistic Congress, by Archbishop Federico Melendro Gutiérrez, S.J. of Anking. Professor of matrimonial law at the Pontifical Gregorian University in October 1958; dean of the Faculty of Canon Law, from 1965 until 1980; rector of the university, 1980 until 1986. He participated as an expert in the Second Vatican Council, 1962-1965. He actively participated in the revision of the Code of Canon Law. He was part of the working group for the revision of matrimonial law in the Code of the Latin Church and the one of the Oriental Churches; later, he was named member of the Pontifical Commission for the redaction of the Instruction Dignitas connubii on the matrimonial processes. He was granted an honorary doctorate by the Pontifical University of Salamanca, Spain, in 1994; and another one by the Catholic University Pé Pázmány of Budapest, Hungary. Consultor of the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature, and of the Pontifical Council of the Legislative Texts. In 2005, the municipality of Camarena de la Sierra dedicated a street to him, next to the house where he was born. He was a world renowned canonist and a prolific author who wrote nearly 150 titles, a selection of which, written in Latin or Italian, was collected in a volume of 1,200 pages, published on October 18, 2007, by Biblioteca de Autores Españoles, Madrid, under the title "Derecho Matrimonial Canónico. Evolución a la luz del Concilio Vaticano II".

Episcopate. He requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope Benedict XVI.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of S. Ponziano, November 24, 2007. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave. His cardinalitial motto was Dilexit Ecclesiam. He resided in the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome.

Death. November 22, 2010, in the morning, in Rome. Upon learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to Father Adolfo Nicolás Pachón, superior general of the Society of Jesus. The late cardinal was laid out in state in the chapel of the curia of the Society of Jesus at Borgo Santo Spirito 5, Rome. On Wednesday November 24, 2010, at 11.30 a.m., in the Altar of the Chair of the papal Vatican basilica, took place the exequies for the late cardinal. The mass was presided by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the Cardinalitial College, and concelebrated by twenty two other cardinals, among them Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State and Cardinal William Joseph Levada, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. With the diplomatic corps accredited before the Holy See, were Archbishop Fernando Filoni, substitute of the Secretariat of State; and Dominique Mamberti, secretary for the Relations with the States; Monsignors Peter Bryan Wells, assessor of the Secretariat of State; Ettore Balestrero, under secretary of the Relations with the States; and Fortunatus Nwachukwu, head of the protocol. Two nephews of Cardinal Navarrete also participated. At the end of the eucharistic celebration, the pope delivered the homily and presided over the rite of the Ultima Commendatio and the Valedictio. The funeral was celebrated exactly three years to the date in which he was created cardinal. The body of the late cardinal was buried in the tomb of the Society of Jesus in Campo Verano cemetery, Rome (1).

Webgraphy. Biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; biography, in Englis, Holy See Press Office; biography, in German, Wikipedia; biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; biography, in Japanese, WorldLingo Translations LLC; El padre jesuíta Urbano Navarrete Cortés se convertirá en noviembre en el primer cardenal turolense de la era moderna, in Spanish, October 18, 2007, europapress.es; news of his death and biography, in Spanish, Ecclesia Digital; and his arms and photographs, Araldica Vaticana.

(1) This is the text of the inscription on his tomb, kindly provided by Mr. Eman Bonnici, from Malta:

+
URBANO CARDINAL NAVARRETE CORTÉS S.J.
N·25·5·1920 - M·22·11·2010
ING.S.J. 20·6·1937 SAC. 31·5·1952
CARD.DIAC. 23·11·2007


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(38) 23. BETTI, O.F.M., Umberto
(1922-2009)

Birth. March 7, 1922, Pieve San Stefano, diocese of Arezzo, Italy. Son of Giuseppe Betti, a workman, and Ermelinda Valenti.

Education. Entered the Order of the Friars Minor (Franciscans); began the novitiate in the province of San Francesco Stigmatizzato, Tuscany, on July 23, 1937; made his first profession on August 2, 1938; and the solemn profession on December 31, 1943; obtained a doctorate in dogmatic theology at the Pontifical "Antonianum" Athenaeum (now a university) in 1951; did two years of specialized studies at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium, 1952-1954.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 6, 1946. Professor of dogmatic theology in the Franciscan Province in Tuscany (Siena and Fiesole), 1949-1963. At the Pontifical "Antonianum" Athenaeum, professor of theology, July 1954 to 1991; dean of the faculty of theology, 1966-1969; rector, 1975-1978; prfessor emeritus from 1991. Professor of ecclesiastical questions, Pontifical Lateran University in 1961. Consultor of the Theological Preparatory Commission for the Second Vatican Council, 1961; expert of the same during the council, 1963; theological advisor to Archbishop Ermenegildo Florit of Florence during the council; he collaborated in the writing of the conciliar dogmatic constitutions "Dei Verbum" and "Lumen Gentium". Professor of fundamental and dogmatic theology, Pontifical Antonian Athenaeum, Rome, July 1964 until September 27, 1991; dean of the Faculty of Theology from 1966 to 1969; and rector magnifico from 1975 to 1978. Qualificator of the Congregation of the Holy Office from 1964. Consultor of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith and state consultor. Rector magnifico of the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, 1991-1995. In 1995, Pope John Paul II awarded him the cross "Pro Ecclesia et Pontifice". Academic ordinary of the Pontifical Roman Theological Academy; member of the Commission "Faith and Constitution" of the World Council of Churches; now academician emeritus of the Pontifical Roman Academy of Theology. Awarded the Fiorino d'oro, in the Salone de'Dugento, Florence, as personal theologian of Cardinal Ermenegildo Florit, archbishop of Florence. He resided in the provincial house of rest San Francesco, in the hill of Fiesole until his death. He wrote several important books including "Summa de sacramentis Totus homo" (1955); "La Costituzione dommatica Pastor aeternus" del Concilio Vaticano II (1961); "La dottrina sull' Episcopato del Concilio Vaticano II" (1984); and "La dottrina del Concilio Vaticano II sulla trasmissione della Rivelazione".

Episcopate. He requested to be dispensed from the requirement of episcopal ordination and the dispensation was granted by Pope Benedict XVI.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of November 24, 2007; received the red biretta and the deaconry of Ss. Vito, Modesto e Crescenzia, November 24, 2007. His cardinalitial motto was Dilexi Ecclesiam. He was older than eighty years at the time of his promotion to the cardinalate and thus not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Death. Wednesday April 1, 2009, at the infirmary of the Franciscan province of Tuscany in the convent of San Francesco in Fiesole, near Florence, Italy. After learning the news of the death of the cardinal, Pope Benedict XVI prayed for the eternal repose of his soul and sent a telegram of condolence to the minister general of the Order of the Friars Minor, Father José Rodríguez Carballo, O.F.M. The funeral mass, presided by Cardinal Giovanni Battista Re, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, was celebrated on April 3, at 4 p.m., in the cathedral of Fiesole. Burial followed at the cemetery of the order in the Franciscan Shrine of La Verna, on Saturday April 4, after the celebration of another requiem mass, at 11 a.m., presided by Cardinal Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M., prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.

Webgraphy. Biography, in English, Order of Friars Minor; same biography, in Spanish, Orden de Frailes Menores; biography, in Italian, Ordine dei Frati Minori; biography, in English, Holy See Press Office; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; Fallece el Cardenal italiano Umberto Betti a los 87 aqos de edad, ACI/Europa Press, 02 Abr. 09 / 12:27 pm.


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JEŻ, Ignacy Ludwik
(1914-2007)

Birth. July 31, 1914, Radomyśl, Wielki, diocese of Tarnów, Poland. Son of Jan Jeż and Jadwiga Liszkowska. He was baptized on August 22, 1917, by Father Anthony Pasiut, pastor of the parish church of Radomyśl Wielki. His family moved to Katowice, where he grew up.

Education. Lyceum Adam Mieckiewicz, Katowice; Seminary of Katowice, Katowice (philosophy); Seminary of Kraków, Kraków (theology).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 20, 1937, Katowice. by Stanisław Adamski, bishop of Katowice. Chaplain in Hajduki Wielki. On August 17, 1942, the Gestapo arrested him; he was accused of organizing a funeral service for Józef Czempiel, the parish priest of Hajduki Wielki, who had been killed in the concentration camp of Dachau. On October 7, 1942, Fr. Jeż was also taken to the concentration camp of Dachau and spent more than two and a half years, until the liberation by the American forces on April 29, 1945. After his liberation, he served as priest for Polish prisoners and immigrants in the town of Göppingen, Germany, before returning to Poland May 1946. From 1946 until 1960, he was rector of the Seminary St. Hyacinthus in Katowice.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Alba marittima and appointed auxiliary of Gniezno, April 20, 1960. Consecrated, June 5, 1960, pro-cathedral of Gorzów, by Cardinal Stefan Wyszyński, archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw, assisted by Bolesław Kominek, titular bishop of Vaga, and by Wilhelm Płuta, titular bishop of Leptis magna. His episcopal motto was Veni ignem mittere. He participated in the Second Vatican Council. Named auxiliary bishop of the apostolic administrator ad nutum Sanctæ Sedis for the northern part of the archdiocese of Breslau, September 16, 1967. Transferred to the newly erected see of Koszalin-Kołobrzeg, June 28, 1972; he established more than 100 parishes. The pope accepted his resignation from the pastoral government of the see, February 1, 1992. He worked tirelessly and successfully for the reconciliation of the Polish and German peoples after the Second World War. After his retirement, he gave retreats for Polish priests abroad and accompanied pilgrimages; he was in Rome leading a group of Polish faithful when he died. Apparently, the pope had told him that he intended to promote him to the cardinalate right before the bishop's death. In 2002, he was named honorary canon of the cathedral chapter of Würzburg. In 2005, he was decorated with the grand cross of merit of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany; and in 2007, with the grand cross of the Order of the Rebirth of Poland (Polonia Restituta) of the Polish Republic.

Cardinalate. He was going to be created cardinal in the consistory of November 24, 2007 but died the day before the announcement of the consistory was made; he was in Rome accompanying, with other bishops from Silesia, a group of Polish faithful from Katowice in a pilgrimage of thanksgiving for the 750th anniversary of the death of Saint Hyacinthe, patron of that ecclesiastical province.

Death. October 16, 2007, at 7 a.m., Rome, in an ambulance, while being taken to the Gemelli Polyclinic; in the general audience of the following day, at 10 a.m., the pope announced that he had planned to promote him to the cardinalate. His body was transferred to Poland. Thousands of people took part in the funeral mass. After the funeral, the body was escorted through the streets of the city. Buried in the afternoon of October 23, 2007 in the crypt of the co-cathedral of Kołobrzeg. The current bishop of the diocese, Edward Dajczak, confirmed that quasi Cardinal Jeż already knew about his elevation to the cardinalate when he left Poland for Rome. Perhaps he also sensed his impending death because he asked the ordinary to bring him back to Poland in the case that he would die in Italy.

Bibliography. Nitecki, Piotr. Biskupi Kościoła w Polsce w latach 965-1999. Słownik biograficzny. Przedmowa Henryk Gulbinowicz. Warszawa : Instytut Wydawniczy "Pax", Warszawa 2000, col. 183-184.

Webgraphy. His arms, Araldica Vaticana.


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