The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

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Pope Francis (2013-
Consistory of February 22, 2014

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February 22, 2014 (I)
(1) 1. Pietro Parolin, titular archbishop of Acquapendente, secretary of State.
(2) 2. Lorenzo Baldisseri, titular archbishop of Diocleziana, secretary general of the Synod of Bishops.
(3) 3. Gerhard Ludwig Müller, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Regensburg, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, president of the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei, president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, and president of the International Theological Commission.
(4) 4. Beniamino Stella, titular archbishop of Midila, prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.
(5) 5. Vincent Gerard Nichols, archbishop of Westminster, England.
(6) 6. Leopoldo José Brenes Solórzano, archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua.
(7) 7. Gérald Cyprien Lacroix, of the Secular Institute Pius X, archbishop of Québec, Canada.
(8) 8. Jean-Pierre Kutwa, archbishop of Abidjan, Ivory Coast.
(9) 9. Orani João Tempesta, O. Cist., archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
(10) 10. Gualtiero Bassetti, archbishop of Perugia-Città della Pieve, Italy.
(11) 11. Mario Aurelio Poli, archbishop of Buenos Aires, primate of Argentina.
(12) 12 Andrew Yeom Soo jung, archbishop of Seoul, South Korea.
(13) 13. Ricardo Ezzati Andrello, S.D.B., archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile.
(14) 14. Philippe Nakellentuba Ouédraogo, archbishop of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso.
(15) 15. Orlando Beltran Quevedo, O.M.I., archbishop of Cotabato, Philippines.
(16) 16. Chibly Langlois, bishop of Les Cayes, Haïti.
(17) 17. Loris Francesco Capovilla, titular archbishop of Messembria, former prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate to the Shrine Lauretano.
(18) 18. Fernando Sebastián Aguilar, C.M.F., archbishop emeritus of Pamplona y Tudela, Spain.
(19) 19. Kelvin Edward Felix, archbishop emeritus of Castries, Saint Lucia.


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(1) 1. PAROLIN, Pietro
(1955-

Birth. January 17, 1955, Schiavon, diocese of Vicenza, Italy. Son of Luigi Parolin, a hardware store manager, who attended mass daily, and his wife, Ada Miotti, an elementary school teacher. He has one sister Maria Rosa, and a brother, Giovanni, now a magistrate. When he was ten years old, his father died in a car accident in the road between Bassano and Vicenza. Pietro was an altar boy at his parish church and the pastor, Father Augusto Fornasa, grasped and cultivated his vocation to the priesthood.

Education. In 1969, he entered the Seminary of Vicenza; later, two years after ordination, he studied from 1983 to 1986 at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome, obtaining a doctorate in canon law, with a thesis on the Synod of Bishops; and at the same time, studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. While in Rome, he resided at the Pontifical Collegio Teutonico. Besides his native Italian, he knows French, English and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 27, 1980, Vicenza, by Arnoldo Onisto, bishop of Vicenza. Incardinated in the diocese of Vicenza. For two years, he was vice pastor of the parish of Santissima Trinità of Schio. Then his bishop sent him to study canon law in Rome with the idea to assign him later to the diocesan tribunal and to the area of family ministry. From Rome came the request to dedicate Father Pietro to the service of the Holy See and both, him and the bishop, agreed. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See on July 1, 1986. Worked in the pontifical representations in Nigeria, from 1986 to 1989, first as adetto and then as secretary; and in México from 1989 to 1992, as secretary. Chaplain of His Holiness, May 14, 1988. Later, he was assigned to the section for the Relations with the States of the Secretariat of State (1992-2002) as secretary of nunciature of first class; and later, as counselor of nunciature of first class. Prelate of honor of His Holiness, February 16, 2000. Named undersecretary of the section for the Relations with the States on November 30, 2002. Counselor to the Superior Council of the Pontifical Missionary Work, of the Propagation of the Faith, of Saint Peter Apostle, of the Holy Infancy and of the Missionary Union. Member of the Permanent Interdicasterial Commission. Member of the Commission for Eastern Europe. Named knight grand cross of the Order of Merit of the Italian Republic, by initiative of the president of the Republic, on June 24, 2005.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Acquapendente and named nuncio in Venezuela on August 17, 2009. Consecrated, September 12, 2009, at the papal Vatican Basilica, by Pope Benedict XVI, assisted by Cardinal Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., secretary of State, and by Cardinal William Joseph Levada, prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. In the same ceremony were consecrated Gabriele Giordano Caccia, titular archbishop of Sepino, nuncio to Lebanon; Franco Coppola, titular archbishop of Vinda, nuncio to Burundi; Raffaello Martinelli, bishop of Frascati; and Giorgio Corbellini, titular bishop of Abula, president of the Office of Labor of the Apostolic See. His episcopal motto is Quis nos separabit a caritate Christi ?. Named secretary of State by Pope Francis on August 31, 2013. Took possession of the post on October 15, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. On January 15, 2014, he was named member, for the next quinquennium, of the Commission of Cardinals overseeing the Institute for the Works of Religion (IOR).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of Ss. Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela in that consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations for the Oriental Churches, for Bishops, and for the Evangelization of Peoples. Named member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith on May 28, 2014. On July 2, 2014, he was named by Pope Francis member of the Council of Cardinals to advise him in the government of the Universal Church and to study a plan for revising the apostolic constitution on the Roman Curia, Pastor Bonus. He took possession of the title of Ss. Simone e Giuda Taddeo a Torre Angela on October 11, 2014.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 2010, n. 19, p. 23.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian; The talents of the priest and diplomat Fr. Pietro Parolin by Gianni Valente, Vatican Insider, 08/30/2013; Giovane, veneto e umile ecco Parolin, il vice Papa by Fabio Marchese Ragona, Il Giornale on line, Dom, 01/09/2013, 09:00; New Vatican secretary of state says change will come to his office by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Dec. 4, 2013; El nuevo secretario de estado cuenta como Francisco le invitó a serlo, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 02 de enero de 2014; Una diplomazia umana, video, Centro Televisivo Vaticano (CTV), gennaio 17, 2014; Parolin: in Curia con lo stile di Francesco, intervista esclusiva ad Avvenire, 8 febbraio 2014; Da Roma al Venezuela e ritorno by Gianni Cardinale, Avvenire, 8 febbraio 2014; Cresce il peso di don Pietro, l'italiano in Curia by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 5/05/2014; Consiglio dei cardinali da C8 a C9: entra Parolin by Francesco Ognibene, Avvenire, 2 luglio 2014; Pope adds Secretary of State Pietro Parolin as member of Council of Cardinals, Rome Reports, 2014-07-02.


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(2) 2. BALDISSERI, Lorenzo
(1940-

Birth. September 29, 1940, San Pietro in Campo, Barga, archdiocese of Pisa, Italy. Of a family originally from Camporgiano, with its roots in the small town of Poggio Garfagnana. Youngest of the five surviving children of Giovanni Battista Baldisseri and Gemma Satti (twins died a few days after birth in 1932). He was baptized on the following October 6 by Don Rocco Bonaccorsi.

Education. Elementary studies in the school of S. Pietro in Campo; did the first year of middle school in Barga; in the second year, he entered the Seminary of Pisa, where his brother Silvio was already studying; later, from 1968 to 1969, he was at Convitto S. Carlo al Corso in Rome to study music at the Pontifical Superior Institute of Music, where he studied under Monsignor Domenico Bartolucci, future cardinals, among others; he also studied from 1970 to 1973 at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, obtaining a licentiate in theology and a doctorate in canon law; he also studied diplomacy at the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, obtaining the diploma; and from 1970, he frequented the University of Perugia following juridical and international studies. Besides his native Italian, he knows Spanish and Portuguese.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 29, 1963, at the cathedral of Pisa, by Archbishop Ugo Camozzo of Pisa. Celebrated his first two solemn masses on June 30 in Loppia di Barga, where Father Silvio was the pastor; and on July 7 in S. Pietro in Campo, his native town. Chaplain in the parish of S. Stefano extra Moena in Pisa until 1966; and from 1966 to 1967 in the parish of Querceta in Versilia. During those years, he studied pianoforte with Enzo Borlenghi and took the exams in the Conservatory Boccherini of Lucca. Further studies in Rome, 1968-1973. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1973. Addetto and later secretary in the nunciatures of Guatemala and El Salvador, 1973-1977; he taught canon law and international law at the Salesian International Theological Institute and at the Francisco Marroquín University in Guatemala. Chaplain of His Holiness, January 13, 1974. Secretary in the nunciature in Japan, 1977-1979. Auditor of the nunciature in Brazil, 1980-1982. Auditor of the nunciature in Paraguay, 1983. Auditor of the nunciature in France, 1983-1986. Counselor in the nunciature in Zimbabwe, 1986-1990. Charged with a special mission to Haiti in 1991.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Diocleziana and appointed nuncio to Haiti, January 15, 1992. Consecrated, March 7, 1992, by Cardinal Angelo Sodano, secretary of State, assisted by Justin Rigali, titular archbishop of Bolsena, secretary of the Congregation for Bishops and secretary of the College of Cardinals, and by Alessandro Plotti, archbishop of Pisa. His episcopal motto is Itinere laete servire Domino. Nuncio to Paraguay, April 6, 1995. Nuncio to India and Nepal, June 19, 1999. Nuncio to Brazil, November 12, 2002. Named secretary of the Congregation for Bishops, January 11, 2012. Named secretary of the College of Cardinals, March 7, 2012. Secretary of the March 12-13, 2013 conclave; he received either the cardinalitial biretta or the cardinalitial skullcap from new Pope Francis at the end of that conclave. Named secretary general of the Synod of Bishops, September 21, 2013. Member of the Congregation for Bishops, December 16, 2013. Named counselor of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America on January 15, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Anselmo all'Aventino in that same consistory. Took possession of his deaconry on Sunday May 11, 2014. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations for the Causes of Saints and for Bishops; and counselor of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. Named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples on September 13, 2014.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, Wikipedia;


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(3) 3. MÜLLER, Gerhard Ludwig
(1947-

Birth. December 31, 1947, Mainz-Finthen, diocese of Mainz, Germany (the Federal Republic of Germany). Son of Martin Müller, a worker in the automotive industry, and Lioba Straub, a housewife. He grew up with his three siblings Hildegard, Antonia and Günter. He added the name Ludwig not to be confused with another Professor Gerhard M|ller.

Education. Having completed his school-leaving examination (Abitur) at the Willigis-Gymnasium in Mainz, he studied philosophy and theology at Johannes-Gutenberg-University, Mainz; at Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Münich; and at Albert-Ludwigs-University, Freiburg im Breisgau. He earned a doctorate in theology in 1977 under the supervision of Professor Karl Lehmann, future cardinal; his thesis was "Kirche und Sakramente im religionslosen Christentum. Bonhoeffers Beitrag zu einer ökumenischen Sakramententheologie" ("The Church and Sacraments in Religionless Christendom. Bonhoeffer's contribution to an Ecumenical Sacramental Theology"). He was ordained deacon on September 3, 1977 by Wolfgang Rolly, titular bishop of Taborenta and auxilary of Mainz, in the Augustinerkirche (church of the seminary) in Mainz. He spent his time as deacon in the parish of St. Franziskus in Mainz-Lerchenberg. Besides his native German, he also speaks Italian, English, Spanish, Polish.

Priesthood. Ordained, February 11, 1978, in his home parish, the church of St. Martin in Mainz-Finthen, by Cardinal Hermann Volk, bishop of Mainz. Incardinated in the diocese of Mainz. He celebrated his first mass in the same church on February 12, 1978; the homiliy was given by Father Karl Lehmann. Chaplain in St. Nikolaus in Klein-Krotzenburg, St. Michael in Bürstadt and St. Joseph in Offenbach as well as religious education teacher at the Wolfgang-Ernst-Gymnasium in Büdingen and the Gymnasium des Wetteraukreises in Nidda. He qualified as professor (Habilitation) in 1985 in Freiburg im Breisgau, again under Professor Karl Lehmann. Thesis: "Gemeinschaft und Verehrung der Heiligen. Geschichtlich-systematische Grundlegung der Hagiologie" ("Community and Veneration of the Saints. The Historical and Systematic Basis of Hagiography"). Just a year later he was appointed professor of Catholic dogmatics at the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich, where he remains honorary professor until today. At the age of 38 in 1986, he was one of the youngest professors at Münich's university. Visiting professor at a number of universities: Cusco (Perú), Madrid (Spain), Philadelphia (USA), Kerala (India), Santiago de Compostela (Spain), Salamanca (Spain), Rome (Italy), Lugano (Switzerland) and São Paulo (Brazil). His research work focuses on ecumenism, modern age theology, the Christian understanding of the revelation, theological hermeneutics and ecclesiology (the priesthood and the deaconry). The best-known of his academic publications, now numbering over 400, is his "Katholische Dogmatik. Für Studium und Praxis der Theologie" ("Catholic Dogmatics. For the Study and Practice of Theology"). This 900-page Dogmatics, first published by Herder Verlag in 1995 and now already in its seventh edition, has been translated into Spanish, Italian, Hungarian and Czech. While professor of Dogmatics (1986-2002), he provided pastoral help to the parish of Leiden Christi in Münich, where he celebrated the daily mass as well as marriages and funerals. Member of the Commission for Doctrine and Faith of the German Bishops' Conference since 1990. Member of the International Theological Commission from 1998 to 2002. Member of the International Theological Commission of the Holy See from 1998 to 2003. In 1999, he was appointed as peritus (theological consultant) to the Special Synod of Bishops for Europe. In 2001, he was active as theological consultant to the Synod of Bishops on the subject "The Bishop as Servant of the Gospel of Jesus Christ for World Hope". Appointed honorary member of the Pontificia Academia Sancti Thomae Aquinatis in Rome in 2001 and as corresponding member of the Theology Section of the Real Academia de Doctores de España in Madrid in 2002.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Regensburg, October 1, 2002. Consecrated, November 24, 2002, cathedral of St. Peter, Regensburg, by Cardinal Friedrich Wetter, archbishop of München und Freising, assisted by Cardinal Karl Lehmann, bishop of Mainz, and by Manfred Müller, bishop emeritus of Regensburg. His episcopal motto is Dominus Jesus. As bishop of Regensburg he was Lord High Chancellor of the Academy for Catholic Church Music and Music Education in Regensburg. In 2003, he was decorated with the grand cross of the Order of St. Constantine (Sacro Militare Ordine Costantiniano di San Giorgi). The Catholic University of Lublin (Poland) awarded him an honorary doctorate in theology on September 14, 2004. In 2005, he participated in the Synod of Bishops on the subject of "The Eucharist, Source and Culmination of the Life and Mission of the Church". From September 11 to 14, 2006, he hosted Pope Benedict XVI during his visit to Regensburg. The Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski University in Warsaw (Poland) awarded him an honorary doctorate in theology on January 9, 2007; as did the Pontifical University of Lima on September 24, 2008. Since 2008 he is member of the Equestrian Order of the Holy Sepulchre of Jerusalem. On September 1, 2008, he founded the Pope Benedict XVI Institute in Regensburg, which has edited the publication of the sixteen volume "Collected Writings of Joseph Ratzinger" (Joseph Ratzinger. Gesammelte Schriften: JRGS); Bishop Müller was personally commissioned with the publication of the work by Pope Benedict XVI, who was professor in Regensburg from 1969 to 1977. During his episcopate in Regensburg, he was president of the Commission for Ecumenical Relations of the German Bishops' Conference, head of the Joint Commission of Orthodox Churches of the German Bishops' Conference; and active within the Commission for International Church Affairs as a member of the sub-commission for Development Issues (particularly MISEREOR). In addition, he was president of the Regensburg Association for the Promotion of the Institute of the Eastern Churches. On December 20, 2007, he was appointed member of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. On January 17, 2009, he was appointed member of the Pontifical Council for Culture. In 2009, he was decorated with the Merit Cross First Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany (Bundesverdienstkreuz I. Klasse des Verdienstordens für die Bundesrepublik Deutschland). On June 12, 2012, he was appointed member of the Congregation for Catholic Education and of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. On July 2, 2012, he was named prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith. At the same time, he was appointed archbishop ad personam. As a result of his new role, his is also ex officio president of the Pontifical Biblical Commission, the International Theological Commission and the Pontifical Commission Ecclesia Dei. In addition, on November 24, 2012, he was appointed member of the Pontifical Council for Legislative Texts. He has written and published numerous works (1). Named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on February 19, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of S. Agnese in Agone in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations the Oriental Churches, for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, and for Catholic Education; and of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity and of the Pontifical Council for Culture. On Sunday September 14, 2014, he took possession of the deaconry of S. Agnese in Agone.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; Glaubenspräfekt Müller: Bin kein konservativer Papst-Gegenspieler, KATHweb: ein elektronischer Informationsdienst der Österreichischen Katholischen, 12.02.2014; Müller: "Im not Francis' conservative opponent" by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 02/12/2014.

(1) He has published more than 400 academic publications to date, the majority of which date from his 16 years as professor of Dogmatics at the University of Münich. He continues his work in the academic sphere even as prefect of the congregation in Rome. Some of his most important publications are: 1. Bonhoeffers Theologie der Sakramente (= FTS 28), Frankfurt 1979. 2. Für andere da. Christus - Kirche - Gott in Bonhoeffers Sicht der mündig gewordenen Welt (= KKTS 44), Paderborn 1980. 3. Gemeinschaft und Verehrung der Heiligen. Geschichtlich-systematische Grundlegung der Hagiologie, Freiburg 1986. 4. Was heißt: Geboren von der Jungfrau Maria? Eine theologische Deutung (= QD 119), Freiburg 1989. 5. La_t uns mit ihm gehen. Eucharistiefeier als Weggemeinschaft, Freiburg 1990. 6. Was bedeutet Maria uns Christen? Die Antwort des Konzils. \berlegungen zum Marienkapitel der Kirchenkonstitution des Zweiten Vatikanischen Konzils, Vienna 1994. 7. Christologie - Die Lehre von Jesus Christus, in: Beinert, W. (Hg.), Glaubenszugänge. Lehrbuch der Katholischen Dogmatik 2, Paderborn 1995, 1-297. 8. Katholische Dogmatik. Für Studium und Praxis der Theologie, Freiburg 1995, 21996, 31998, 42001, 52003, 62005, 72007. 9. John Henry Newman begegnen (= Zeugen des Glaubens), Augsburg 2000. 10. Priestertum und Diakonat. Der Empfdnger des Weihesakramentes in schöpfungstheologischer und christologischer Perspektive (= Sammlung Horizonte NF 33), Freiburg 2000 (Priesthood and the Diaconate: The Recipient of the Sacrament of Holy Orders from the Perspective of Creation Theology and Christology). 11. Mit der Kirche denken. Bausteine und Skizzen zu einer Ekklesiologie der Gegenwart, Würzburg 2001, 32007. 12. Maria - die Frau im Heilsplan Gottes (= Mariologische Studien XV), Regensburg 2002. 13. Die Messe. Quelle christlichen Lebens, Augsburg 2002. 14. Gustavo Gutiérrez/Gerhard Ludwig Müller, An der Seite der Armen. Theologie der Befreiung, Augsburg 2004. 15. Vom Vater gesandt. Impulse einer inkarnatorischen Christologie für Gottesfrage und Menschenbild, Regensburg 2005. 16. Gott und seine Geschichte. Ein Gespräch über die Bibel, Freiburg 2005.


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(4) 4. STELLA, Beniamino
(1941-

Birth. August 18, 1941, Pieve di Soligno, diocese of Treviso, Italy. From a family of farmers. Son of Giuseppe Stella and Rosa Pederiva. He is the second of the twelve children of the family, all of whom are alive. He was baptized on the following day of his birth.

Education. His parish priest was instrumental in his entering the seminary. After finishing secondary education, he went to Rome and entered the Major Roman Seminary, where he studied philosophy and theology; then, studied at the Pontifical Lateran University under Professors Antonio Piolanti, Francesco Spadafora and Roberto Masi, among others; in 1965, his bishop, Albino Luciani of Vittorio Veneto, future Pope John Paul I, sent him to the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy, Rome, to study diplomacy; he studied at the academy from 1966 to 1970; he obtained a doctorate in canon law. Besides his native Italian, he knows English, French, German and Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 19, 1966, by his uncle, Costantino Stella, archbishop of L'Aquila. Incardinated in the diocese of Vittorio Veneto. Entered the diplomatic service of the Holy See in 1970. Worked in the nunciatures in the Dominican Republic as adetto from 1970 to 1973; and Zaire as secretary from 1973 to 1976. Named chaplain of His Holiness, September 5, 1974. From 1976 to 1978, he served in the Second Section of the Secretariat of State; then, he worked in the nunciature in Malta, as auditor, from 1978 to 1983; the nuncio was sent away by Malta's prime minister Don Mintoff, and Monsignor Stella stayed there as a chargé d'affaires; in 1983, he was assigned to the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church. Named counselor of nunciature on February 1, 1983.

Episcopate. Elected titular archbishop of Midila and appointed nuncio in the Central African Republic, Congo and Chad, August 21, 1987. Consecrated, September 5, 1987, in the patriarchal Vatican Basilica, by Pope John Paul II, assisted by Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State, and by Jean Orchampt, bishop of Angers. Nuncio in Cuba, December 15, 1992. Hosted Pope John Paul II during his visit to Cuba in January 1998. Nuncio in Colombia, February 11, 1999. On October 13, 2007, he was named president of the Pontifical Ecclesiastical Academy. Named prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy, September 21, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal deacon in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations for the Causes of Saints, for Bishops, for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life, and for Catholic Education. On Sunday May 25, 2014, at 11:30 a.m., he took possession of the deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano, situated at Via dei Fori Imperiali, 1, Rome.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Italian, L'Osservatore Romano; El primer camino de la Iglesia es el Hombre, Homilía de Mons. Beniamino Stella, Nuncio Apostólico en Cuba, Misa de despedida, La Habana. 21 de abril de 1999, Vitral; Meet Beniamino "Corazsn" by Gianni Valente, Vatican Insider, 09/20/2013; The life of the new Prefect of the Clergy, from Luciani to Bergoglio by Gianni Valente, Vatican Insider, 09/30/2013; Meet Beniamino "Corazón", Catholic World News & Thoughts; Monsignor Beniamino Stella, cardinale, YouTube, Jan 13, 2014; "Clericalism is bad for priests and laity" by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 02/12/2014.


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(5) 5. NICHOLS, Vincent Gerard
(1945-

Birth. November 8, 1945, Crosby, archdiocese of Liverpool, England. Son of Henry Joseph Nichols and Mary Russell. Both his parents were school teachers. As a boy, he wanted to work as a truck driver when he grew up. He discovered his vocation while playing football.

Education. He studied for the priesthood at the Venerable English College in Rome from 1963 to 1970, obtaining licenses in philosophy and theology at the Pontifical Gregorian University; he was ordained deacon in 1968; he then studied at the University of Manchester between 1970 and 1971, obtaining a master's degree in theology; from 1974, he studied at Loyola University in Chicago and was awarded a master's degree in education.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 21, 1969, Rome, for the archdiocese of Liverpool. Further studies, 1970-1971; and 1974. In 1971 he was appointed assistant priest in St Mary's Parish, Wigan and chaplain to the Sixth Form College and St Peter's High School. In 1975 he was appointed to St Anne's parish in Toxteth, Liverpool with particular responsibility for education. In January 1980 he was appointed director of the Upholland Northern Institute, where he was responsible for the in-service training of the clergy, pastoral and religious education courses. He was also a member of Archbishop's Council with responsibility for pastoral formation and development in the diocese. In January 1984, he was appointed general secretary of the Bishops' Conference in England and Wales; occupied the post until 1992. From 1989 to 1996 he was moderator of the Steering Committee of the Council of Churches for Britain and Ireland.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Othona and named auxiliary of Westminster, with responsibility for North London, November 5, 1991. Consecrated, January 24, 1992, metropolitan cathedral of the Most Precious Blood, Westminster, London, by Cardinal George Basil Hume, O.S.B., archbishop of Westminster, assisted by Derek John Worlock, archbishop of Liverpool, and by Alan Charles Clark, bishop of East Anglia. His episcopal motto is Fortis ut mors dilectio. He represented the European bishops at the November 1998 Synod of Bishops from Oceania and was appointed by the Holy See to the Synod of Bishops for Europe in September 1999 as a special secretary. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Birmingham, February 15, 2000. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 2000, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Westminster, April 3, 2009. He was elected president of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of England and Wales by unanimous acclamation on April 30, 2009. He was installed as the 11th archbishop of Westminster on Thursday May 21, 2009. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2009, at the papal Vatican basilica. Received an honorary doctoral degree from Birmingham University in 2010, and an honorary doctorate of divinity from Liverpool Hope University in 2011. Named member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on February 19, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of SS. Redentore e S. Alfonso in via Merulana in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregation for the Clergy and of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. On Thursday October 2, 2014, he took possession of the title of SS. Redentore e Sant'Alfonso in Via Merulana.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, archdiocese of Westminster; photograph, arms and biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs, arms and biography, in Spanish; photograph and biography, in French, Wikipedia; photograph, arms and biography, in German, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Polish; Nichols is an archbishop for our times by Francis Davis, theguardian.com, Friday 3 April 2009 07.00 EDT; Installation of Eleventh Archbishop of Westminster, May 21, 2009, archdiocese of Westminster; The New Man in Westminster by Austen Ivereigh, America, May 25, 2009; Previous archbishops of Westminster, archdiocese of Westminster; nterview with Archbishop Vincent Gerard Nichols of Westminster , L'Osservatore Romano, Weekly Edition in English 3 February 2010, page 6, Provided Courtesy of:Eternal Word Television Network (EWTN); Archbishop to be created Cardinal by Pope Francis, archdiocese of Westminster; London 2012: The spirit of the Ancient games, Vatican Radio, news.va, 2012-07-27; Archbishop Vincent Nichols: A humble pastor and man of dialogue by Gerard O'Connell, Vatican Insider, 01/16/2014; Vincent Nichols interview: Live from the Vatican - you're to be a cardinal by Benedict Brogan, The Telegraph, 11:30PM GMT 14 Feb 2014; New Catholic cardinal renews attack on 'disgraceful' UK austerity cuts by Matthew Weaver, theguardian.com, Tuesday 18 February 2014 04.26 EST.


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(6) 6. BRENES SOLÓRZANO, Leopoldo José
(1949-

Birth. March 7, 1949, Ticuantepe, archdiocese of Managua, Nicaragua. From a very humble family. Son of Leopoldo Brenes Flores, a farmer (deceased) and Liliam Solórzano Aguirre, a seamstress. His siblings are Rosario Auxiliadora, Carlos Fernando and Lilli Pamela. His family calls him "Leopoldito" and his freinds and parishioners, "Padre Polo".

Education. Primary studies at Rural School of Ticuantepe, at Cristóbal Rugada School of Masaya and at Escuela Normal of Managua; secondaries studies at the National Institute of Masaya; and at Colegio San José de Calasanz; then, studied at the National Seminary Nuestra Señora de Fátima of Managua (philosophy); at the Superior Institute of Ecclesiastical Studies (ISEE), Méxio (theology); at the Pontifical Gregorian University, Rome (bachelor's in theology); and at the Pontifical Lateran University, Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in dogmatic theology. Received the diaconate on January 13, 1974.

Priesthood. Ordained, August 16, 1974, Managua, by Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B., archbishop of Managua. Further studies in Rome. Pastor of Santa María de Guadalupe (Tipitapa); of San Miguel Arcángel (Las Brisas); of San Antonio (Jinotepe); of Sagrado Corazón de Jesús (Ticuantepe); of Santa Ana (Nindirí and Niquinohomo); of La Asunción (Tisma). and later, of the parishes of Sagrada Familia, María Inmaculada, San Pío X, Espíritu Santo and Santa Rosa and San Agustín, in Managua. Vicar for pastoral of the archdiocese of Managua. Episcopal vicar for vocations and ministries.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Maturba and appointed auxiliary of Managua, February 13, 1988. Consecrated, March 19, 1988, metropolitan cathedral of Managua, by Cardinal Miguel Obando Bravo, S.D.B., archbishop of Managua, assisted by Paolo Giglio, titular archbishop of Tindari, apostolic nuncio in Nicaragua, and by Arturo Rivera Damas, S.D.B., archbishop of San Salvador. His episcopal motto is Tu me has enviado. Transferred to the see of Matagalpa, November 2, 1991. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Managua, April 1, 2005, as its fourth archbishop. Took possession of the see on the following May 21. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2005 at the papal Vatican basilica. In the Episcopal Conference of Nicaragua he has been president of the Commission for Vocations and Ministries; secretary general of the Episcopal Conference; president of Cáritas Nacional; president of the Commission for Catechesis; and president of the Commission for Social Communications. Delegate for the Eucharistic Congresses. Delegate to the Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops. Delegate to the Latin American Episcopal Council (CELAM). President of the CELAM Commission Family-Life-Youth. President of the Episcopal Secretariat of Central America (SEDAC). Vice-president of the Episcopal Conference of Nicaragua; and currently, its president.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. On Sunday October 5, 2014, he took possession of the title of S. Gioacchino ai Prati di Castello.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photographas and biography, in Spanish, Conferencia Episcopal de Nicaragua; his arms, Wikimedia; Leopoldo Brenes nombrado Cardenal por Papa Francisco, 100% Entrevistas, by Lucía Pineda Ubau, YouTube, Jan 12, 2014; Brenes guardaba sotana de cardenal. Su mamá relata que se la regaló el cardenal Obando hace años, por si algún día llegaba a ser purpuradoby Ernesto García, Managua, Nicaragua | elnuevodiario.com.ni , 14 de enero de 2014, 07:05:00; Managua cardinal-designate says he wants to stay true to his beginnings by Ezra Fieser, Catholic News Service, Jan. 17, 2014.


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(7) 7. LACROIX, of the Secular Institute Pius X, Gérald Cyprien
(1957-

Birth. July 27, 1957, Saint-Hilaire de Dorset, archdiocese of Québec, Canada. Eldest of the seven children of Raymond Lacroix and Brigitte Laurendeau. He spent his youth in New Hampshire, United States of America, where the family of small farmers had migrated when he was eight years old.

Education. He completed his secondary and superior studies at Trinity High School, Manchester; and at Saint-Anselme College, also in Manchester; during the last year of schooling, in 1975, he became a member of the Secular Institute Pius X (1), taking his perpetual vows in 1982. He then returned to Québec and worked first in a restaurant, and later as a graphic designer in a publishing house. In 1980 he took a year off to go as a missionary to Colombia to work at a clinic for indigents; upon his return to Canada, he studied theology at Université de Laval, obtaining a baccalaureate in theology in 1985; and a "maîtrise" in pastoral theology in 1993. In 1982, he became secretary general of the Institute; and in 1985, counselor of the General Council. From 1985 until 1987, he was director general of "Maison du Renouveau", a center of Christian and spiritual formation of the secular Institute. Received the diaconate on March 25, 1988, in the parish of Saint Anthony of Padua, diocese of Manchester, from Bishop Odore Joseph Gendron of Manchester. Besides French and English, he also speaks Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, October 8, 1988, at the parish of Notre-Dame-de-la-Recouvrance, Québec, by Maurice Couture, archbishop of Québec. From 1990 until 2000, he ministered in Colombia, where he established the Institute in seven regions and opened nine houses; from 1990 to 1993, he was curate of the parish of Nuestra Señora del Carmen, in Argelia, Cauca, archdiocese of Popayán as well as radio host. From 2001 until 2004, he was director general of the Institute; he was reelected for a quinquennium in 2005. In 2008, he was elected member of the Executive Council of the World Conference for the Secular Institutes.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Ilta and appointed auxiliary of Québec, April 7, 2009. Consecrated, May 24, 2009, in the Shrine of Saint-Anne-de-Beaupré, by Cardinal Marc Ouellet, P.S.S., archbishop of Québec, assisted by Maurice Couture, archbishop emeritus of Québec, and by Gilles Lemay, titular bishop of Eguga, auxiliary of Québec. In the same ceremony was consecrated Paul Lortie, titular bishop of Gerpiniana, auxiliary of Québec. His episcopal motto is Mane nobiscum Domine. Named archdiocesan administrator of Québec on August 26, 2010, when Cardinal Ouellet was named prefect of the Congregation for Bishops. Promoted to the metropolitan and primatial see of Québec, February 22, 2011. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2011, at the papal Vatican basilica.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Giuseppe all'Aurelio in that same consistory.. He is the first cardinal of his religious family. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life and of the Pontifical Councils for Interreligious Dialogue and for Culture. He took possession of his title on Sunday June 22, 2014, at 10:30 a.m.

Bibliography. LeBlanc, Jean. Dictionnaire biographique des cardinaux du XIXe siècle : contribution à l'histoire du Sacré Collège sous les potificats de Pie VII, Léon XII, Pie VIII, Grégoire XVI, Pie IX et Léon XIII, 1800-1903. 2e édition, revue et augmentée. Montréal : Wilson & Lafleur, 2012. (Collection Gratianus. Série instruments de recherche = Gratianus series. Série Instruments de recherche), p. 648-650.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and brief biography, in French, archdiocese of Québec; The Pius X Secular Institute: An Apostolic Family for Today!; Msgr. Lacroix créé cardinal, press conference, in French and English, ECDQ.tv, 13 janvier 2014; Lacroix, il cardinale che lavorava in un ristorante by Maria Teresa Pontara Pederiva, Vatican Insider, 18/01/2014.

(1) The Institute had been founded by Father Henri Roy in Manchester in 1939. It was approved by Pope John XXIII in 1959. The apostolic activity of the Institute was to announce the Gospel with one's own life.


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(8) 8. KUTWA, Jean-Pierre
(1945-

Birth. December 22, 1945, Blockhauss, archdiocese of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. Youngest of the ten children of Martin Kutwa and Louise Ahouo, both deceased. He was baptized on the following January 4 in the church of St-Pierre, Blockhauss, by Father Laziner. He received first communion on July 8, 1955, in the same church where he was baptized.

Education. Initial studies the school St Jean-Bosco, Treichville, in 1950; on September 18, 1955, he entered the "Petit-Clerc", Bingerville in class of CMI; in 1957, he entered the Minor Seminary in Bingerville, where he completed his secondary studies; on October 2, 1964, he entered the Grand Seminary of Anyama, where he studied philosophy and theology; on December 22, 1967, he received the cassock and the ecclesiastical tonsure; he received the diaconate on December 20, 1970, from Archbishop Bernard Yago of Abidjan, in the church of Notre Dame du Perpétuel Secours in Treichville; also, he studied at the Catholic Institute of Occidental Africa (I.C.A.O.), where he obtained a maîtrise in Biblical theology; and at the Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, where he earned a doctorate in Biblical theology.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 11, 1971, by Archbishop Yago of Abidjan, in the church of Notre Dame du Perpétuel Secours in Treichville. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Abidjan. From September 15, 1971 to 1974, he was vicar of the cathedral of St Paul, chaplain of the Jeunes Étudiants Chrétiens (Young Christian Students), and professor of music at the Novitiate of Notre Dame in Moossou. From September 15, 1974 to 1977, he was at St Augustin in Bingerville as responsible. In 1977, he was national director of Œuvres (Works). From 1978 to 1984, he was pastor of the cathedral of St Paul, and studied biblical theology at the Catholic Institute of Occidental Africa (I.C.A.O.). In 1984, he went to Rome to study at the Pontifical Urbanian University; the following year, 1985, he made a brief stay in Jerusalem for advanced courses in Hebrew; and another trip to Washington, United States of America, to practice English. In 1987, he returned to his country and was named pastor of the Cathedral of St Paul du Plateau, professor of Holy Scriptures at the Grand Seminary of Anyama and diocesan chaplain of the Jeunes Étudiants Chrétiens (J.E.C.). In 1995, he was pastor of the parish of "Notre Dame" of Treichville; and national assistant of the J.E.C. On July 7, 1997, he was involved in a serious traffic accident that kept him hospitalized for eight months. He is a music composer.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Gagnoa, May 15, 2001. Consecrated, September 16, 2001, stadium of Biaka Boda, by Cardinal Bernard Agré, archbishop of Abidjan, assisted by Laurent Akran Mandjo, bishop of Yopougon, and by Barthélémy Djabla, bishop of San-Pedro-en-Côte-d`Ivoire. Received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 2001 at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Abidjan, May 2, 2006. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2006 at the papal Vatican basilica

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Emerenziana a Tor Fiorenza in that same consistory.On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life and of the Pontifical Councils for the Laity and of Iustitia et Pax. Named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples on September 13, 2014.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in French, archdiocese of Abidjan; photograph and biography, in French, Conférence de Evêques Catholiques de Côte d'Ivoire; Meet the Church's two new cardinals from West Africa by Giorgio Bernardelli, Vatican Insider, 01-13-2014.


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(9) 9. TEMPESTA, O. Cist., Orani João
(1950-

Birth. June 23, 1950, São José do Rio Pardo, diocese of São João da Boa Vista, Brazil. Son of Achille Tempesta and Maria Bárbara de Oliveira.

Education. Primary education at Grupo Escolar Tarquínio Cobra Olyntho, 1957-1960; and at Instituto de Educação Euclides da Cunha, 1961-1964, both in São José do Rio Pardo; secondary schooling, 1965-1967, at the same institute. On February 1, 1968, he entered the Order of the Cistercians at the monastery of Nossa Senhora de São Bernardo in that same city and received the religious habit; on February 2, 1969, he took the simple vows; studied philosophy at the monastery of São Bento, in São Paulo, 1969-1970; and at São João Del Rei, Minas Gerais, 1975; and theology in the Theological Institute "Pio IX", in São Paulo, 1971-1974; on February 2, 1972, he did his solemn profession; on March 18, 1973, he received the minor orders of acolyte and lector; on March 25, 1973, he was ordained deacon in the parish of São Roque, in São José do Rio Pardo, by Tomás Vaquero, bishop of São João da Boa Vista. Graduated from the Faculty of Philosophy Dom Bosco, São João Del Rei, Minas Gerais, on February 7, 1976.

Priesthood, Ordained, December 7, 1974, parish of São Roque, by Bishop Tomás Vaquero of São João da Boa Vista. From 1974 to 1984, he was vice-prior of the monastery of Nossa Senhora de São Bernardo, in São José do Rio Pardo. From July 17, 1984, he was prior of that monastery; and at the same time, from December 7, 1974, he was vicar of the parish of São Roque, in São José do Rio Pardo; became its pastor on December 7, 1984; coordinator of communications and of diocesan pastoral; member of the Presbyteral Council; member of the College of Consultors; and professor at the Seminary "Coração de Maria" in São João da Boa Vista. Reelected prior on June 5, 1990; occupied the post until November 12, 1993. On September 10, 1996, the monastery became an abbey and he was elected its first abbot on December 5, 1996; on the following December 15, he received the abbatial blessing.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Sâo José do Rio Preto, February 26, 1997. Consecrated, April 25, 1997, in Sâo José do Rio Preto, by José de Aquino Pereira, bishop emeritus of Sâo José do Rio Preto, assisted by Dadeus Grings, bishop of São João da Boa Vista, and by Luiz Gonzaga Bergonzini, bishop of Guarulhos. Took possession of the see on May 1, 1997. His episcopal motto is Ut omnes unum sint. In 1998, he was elected member of the superior council of the Brazilian Institute of Christian Communications (Inbrac), which maintains RedeVida de Televisã; later became its president. Administrator of the territorial abbey of Clavaral, of the Cistercian Order of Casamari, in Claraval, Minas Gerais, from May 22, 1999 to December 11, 2002. Apostolic visitor to the monastery of São Bento, Olinda, from 2001 to 2002. On May 8, 2003, he was elected president of the Episcopal Commission for Culture, Education and Social Communications; reelected until 2011. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Belém do Pará, October 13, 2004. Took possession of the see on December 8, 2004. On December 22, 2004, he was named titular member of the National Council of Social Communications of the Federal Senate as representative of the civil society for the triennium 2004-2007; since August 8, 2012, he is president of that council. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2005 at the patriarchal Vatican basilica. In 2007, he participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American and Caribbean Episcopate, celebrated in Aparecida, Brazil. Received an honorary doctorate from Centro Universitario São Camilo, of the Camillian Fathers, São Paulo, on November 19, 2008. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Sâo Sebastiâo do Rio de Janeiro, February 27, 2009. He took possession of the see the following April 19. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2009, at the papal Vatican basilica. President of the Foundation Rádio Catedral. Grand chancellor of the Pontifical Catholic University (PUC-Rio). President of the Brazilian Institute of Catholic Marketing (IBMC). President of the Local Organizing Committee of the World Youth Day 2013, celebrated in Rio de Janeiro from July 23 to 28; hosted Pope Francis during the celebration. He was named member of the Pontifical Council for the Laity on February 6, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria Madre della Provvidenza a Monte Verde in that same consistory. On Saturday April 12, 2014, he took possession of his title. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education. Named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples on September 13, 2014.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede.


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(10) 10. BASSETTI, Gualtiero
(1942-

Birth. April 7, 1942, Popolano di Marradi, diocese of Faenza (now Faenza-Modigliana), Italy. He is the eldest of the three children of Arrigo Bassetti and Flora Nannini. Two of his cousins, Giuseppe and Luca Bassetti, are priests.

Education. After spending his infancy in Fantino, archdiocese of Florence, in 1956 he entered the Archiepiscopal Seminary of Florence.

Priesthood, Ordained, June 29, 1966, at the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence, by Cardinal Ermenegildo Florit, archbishop of Florence. Named vice pastor of the parish of San Michele a San Salvi, Florence, in that same year. From 1968, he was assistant and later responsible for the vocational pastoral at the Minor Seminary of Florence; in 1972, he became its rector. In 1979, he was named rector of the Major Seminary of Florence. In 1990, he became pro-vicar general of the archdiocese of Florence; and in 1992, vicar general.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Massa Marittima-Piombino, July 9, 1994. Consecrated, September 8, 1994, at the metropolitan cathedral basilica of S. Lorenzo, Florence, by Cardinal Silvano Piovanelli, archbishop of Florence, assisted by Antonio Bagnoli, bishop emeritus of Fiesole, and by Giovanni Bianchi, bishop emeritus of Pescia. His episcopal motto is In charitate fundati. He entered the diocese on September 18, 1994. Transferred to the see of Arezzo-Cortona-Sansepolcro, November 21, 1998. He entered the diocese on February 6, 1999. In 2001, he was named delegate for the seminaries of Italy; confirmed in March 2006. Member of the Episcopal Commission for the Clergy and Consecrated Life of the Italian Episcopal Conference. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Perugia-Città della Pieve, July 16, 2009. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2010, at the papal Vatican basilica. Member of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity. Vice-president of the Italian Episcopal Conference. Named member of the Congregation for Bishops on December 16, 2013.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Cecilia in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations for Bishops, and for the Clergy; and of the Pontifical Council for Promoting Christian Unity. Took possession of his title on Sunday June 8, 2014, at 5:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in Italian, archdiocese of Perugia-Città della Pieve; arms and biography, in Italian, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Italian, toscanaoggi.com; his arms, Araldica Vaticana; The importance of Gualtiero Bassettis nomination by Giacomo Galeazzi, Vatican Insider, 01/15/2014; Bassetti: pastori con il cuore di un padre by Giacomo Gambassi, Avvenire, 14 gennaio 2014; Immigrati, Bassetti: ingiusto non sia italiano chi nasce qui, Vatican Insider, 20/01/2014; Bassetti: «Al servizio dellumanità ferita» by Giacomo Gambassi , Avvenire, 20 febbraio 2014; Il cardinale Bassetti: non doni ma solidarietà by Giacomo Gambassi, Avvenire, 13 marzo 2014.


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(11) 11. POLI, Mario Aurelio
(1947-

Birth. November 29, 1947, Buenos Aires, Argentina. Son of Mario Poli, a railroad machinist born in La Scala, diocese of San Miniato,Tuscany, Italy, and his wife, Josefa Felisa Zambotti, an Argentinean, who was a seamstress and whose family had also migrated from Italy. The family lived in Buenos Aires but for a period they moved to Casale Monferrato, in Piedmont.

Education. Completed his primary education at the state schools. Secondary education at the parish school "San Pedro Apóstol". He frequented the Faculty of Law and Social Sciences of the University of Buenos Aires, where he obtained the title of licentiate in social services. At 22, he entered the Metropolitan Seminary of the Immaculate Conception of Buenos Aires (Villa Devoto), where he studied philosophy and theology. At the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina "Santa María de los Buenos Aires" (UCA) he obtained a doctorate in theology. At the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) he obtained a licentiate in social service.

Priesthood. Ordained, November 25, 1978, at the metropolitan cathedral of Buenos Aires, by Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu, archbishop of Buenos Aires. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Buenos Aires. Vicar in the parish of San Cayetano (Liniers) from 1978 to 1980. From 1980 to 1991, in the Metropolitan Seminary, he was superior of the community; later, economous; and finally, assessor of studies. From 1980, he taught ecclesiastical history at the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina (UCA). Chaplain of the Missionary Servants of the Holy Spirit from 1988 to 1991. Ecclesiastical assistant of the lay association "Fraternidades y Agrupaciones Santo Tomàs de Aquino" from 1988 to 1992. Director of the Vocational Institute "San José" (propaedeutic course at the major seminary). Member of the College of Consultors and of the Presbyteral Council.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Abidda and appointed auxiliary of Buenos Aires, February 8, 2002. Consecrated, April 20, 2002, Buenos Aires, by Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J., archbishop of Buenos Aires, assisted by Cardinal Juan Carlos Aramburu, archbishop emeritus of Buenos Aires, by Mario José Serra, titular bishop of Mentesa, by Joaquín Mariano Sucunza, titular bishop of Satabi, auxiliary of Buenos Aires, and by Guillermo Rodríguez Melgarejo, bishop of San Martín. His episcopal motto is Da cor docile. He continued teaching at the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Catholic University of Argentina. Transferred to the see of Santa Rosa, June 24, 2008. He was installed on the following August 30. In the Argentine Episcopal Conference he was a member of the Episcopal Commissions for Catholic Education and for Ministers and is currently president of the Episcopal Commission for Catechesis and Biblical Pastoral. He is national chaplain of the Scout Catholic Pastoral Commission (COPASCA). Promoted to the metropolitan and primatial see of Buenos Aires, March 28, 2013. Named ordinary for the Catholic faithful of Oriental Rite that reside in Argentina and are without an ordinary of their own rite on May 4, 2013. Named member of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches on February 19, 2014.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Roberto Bellarmino in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on February 23, 2014. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of Congregation for the Oriental Churches and of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Buenos Aires; Mgr. Poli appointed Buenos Aires' new archbishop, Vatican Insider, 27/03/2013; homilías y mensajes del Sr. Arzobispo Mario A. Poli, in Spanish, archdiocese of Buenos Aires; Arzobispo de Buenos Aires partió a Roma para ser creado Cardenal por el Papa Francisco, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 8 Feb. 14 / 08:03 pm; Obispos de Argentina agradecen al Papa el don del futuro Cardenal Poli, ACI, 19 Feb. 14 / 03:32 pm.


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(12) 12. YEOM SOO JUNG, Andrew
(1943-

Birth. December 5, 1943, Ansong, diocese of Suwon, province of Gyeonggi, Korea. From a Catholic family for five generations. They are descendants of Peter Yeom Seok-tae and his wife, Kim Maria, who were arrested and executed in 1850 for their Catholic faith. He is the fourth of the six children of Yeom Han-jin (1908-1983) and Baek Geum-waul (1908-1995). His two younger brothers Yeom Soo-wan and Yeom Soo-eui also became priests and currently lead two parishes in Seoul.

Education. Entered the Seminary of Seoul in 1958; he studied at the Catholic University of Korea, graduating in 1970; later, he obtained a master's degree in Education in Counseling Psychology from Korea University. He has also studied at the East Asian Pastoral Institute in the Philippines.

Priesthood. Ordained, December 8, 1973, Seoul, by Cardinal Stephen Sou-hwan Kim, archbishop of Seoul. Incardinated in the archdiocese of Seoul. Vice-pastor of two communities from 1971 to 1973; professor and president of Songshin High School, minor seminary of the archdiocese of Seoul, from 1973 until 1977. Pastor in three different parishes between 1977 and 1987. Procurator of the Major Seminary of Seoul from 1987 until 1992. Chancellor of the archdiocesan curia of Seoul from 1992 until 1998. Pastor in Mok-dong. Vicar foraneous and member of the presbyteral council between 1998 and 2001.

Episcopate. Elected titular bishop of Tibiuca and appointed auxiliary of Seoul, December 1, 2001. Consecrated, January 25, 2002. in the Chang Choung Dong Stadium, Seoul, by Archbishop Nicholas Cheong Jin-suk of Seoul, assisted by Andrew Choi Chang-mou, archbishop of Kwangju, and by John Chang-yik, bishop of Ch'unch'on. In the same ceremony was consecrated Joseph Lee Han Teok, S.J., titular bishop of Tibuzabeto and auxiliary of Seoul. His episcopal motto is Amen Veni Domine Iesu. Vicar general and episcopal vicar for the pastoral and the apostolate of the mass media. Member of the Permanent Council and of the Commission for Missions, and for the Commission for the Pastoral of Health.of the Korean Episcopal Conference; as well as president of the Committee for the Apostolate of the Lay. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Seoul on May 10, 2012. He was installed and took possession of the see on the following June 25. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2012 at the papal Vatican basilica.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Crisogono in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregations for the Evangelization of Peoples and for the Clergy. On Saturday October 4, 2014, he took possession of the title of S. Crisogono.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; Andrew Yeom Soo-jung: A pastor of martyrdom and reconciliation by Paolo Affatato, Vatican Insider, 01-13-2014; SKorea Catholic cardinal makes 1st visit to NKorea by Hyung-Jin Kim, The Seattle Times, May 20, 2014 at 10:25 PM.


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(13) 13. EZZATI ANDRELLO, S.D.B., Ricardo
(1942-

Birth. January 7, 1942, Campiglia dei Berici, diocese of Vicenza, Italy. Son of Mario Ezzati and Asunta Andrello.

Education. Basic education at the communal school of his native town; middle studies at the Salesian school of Penango, Asti; in 1959, he arrived in Chile and entered the Congregation of St. John Bosco of St. Francis de Sales (Salesians), at the novitiate of Quilpué; on January 31, 1961, he emitted the first religious profession; then, he studied philosophy and pedagogy at the Salesian institute affiliated with the Catholic University of Valparaíso; from 1964 to 1966, he taught at Liceo Camilo Ortúzar Montt, in Santiago; then, he studied theology at the Pontifical Salesian University in Rome, where he obtained a licentiate in sacred theology; later, after his ordination, he studied at Institut de Pastorale Catéchetique, Strasbourg, France, where he earned a master's degree in religious science. He also obtained the title of Profesor de Estado en Religión y Filosofía from the Pontifical Catholic University of Valparaíso. On December 30, 1966, he took his perpetual vows; he belonged to the Salesian province of Chile.

Priesthood. Ordained, March 18, 1970. Between 1971 and 1972, he was responsible of the pastoral of the Salesian Institute in Valdivia. From 1973 to 1977, he was superior of the Salesian community and rector of the Salesian school in Concepción. In 1978, he returned to Santiago, where he stayed until 1983. During that time, he was director of the major seminary of his congregation; provincial counselor; professor of fundamental pastoral at the Faculty of Theology of the Pontifical Catholic University of Chile; member and director of the Centro de Estudios y Experiencias Catequísticas (CEEC). In 1984, he participated in the general chapter of his congregation and was named provincial inspector of the Salesians in Chile; as such, he was elected vice president of the Conference of Major Superiors of Men and Women Religious of Chile (CONFERRE). In 1990, he participated for the second time in the general chapter of the congregation; and during his term as provincial superior in 1991, he was called to the Vatican to collaborate with Archbishop Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Fathers of Schönstatt, secretary of the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Valdivia, June 28, 1996. Consecrated, September 8, 1996, by Cardinal Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M., archbishop of Santiago de Chile, assisted by Sergio Otoniel Contreras Navia, bishop of Temuco, and by Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Fathers of Schönstatt, archbishop-bishop of Valparaíso. His episcopal motto is Para evangelizar. Attended Special Assembly for America of the Synod of Bishops, Vatican City, November 16 to December 12, 1997. On July 10, 2001, he was transferred to the titular see of La Imperial and named auxiliary of Santiago and apostolic administrator of Valdivia; he occupied the latter post until the following December 8, when Sergio Contreras Navia, bishop emeritus of Temuco, assumed the administration. In Santiago, he was also vicar general of the archdiocese. On April 24, 2006, President Michelle Bachelet of Chile, at the request of the National Congress, promulgated Law N.º 20.100, which granted him the Chilean citizenship by special grace. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Concepción, December 27, 2006; took possession of the see on March 11, 2007, succeeding Archbishop Antonio Moreno, who had resigned for reasons of health. Attended the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American Episcopate that took place in Aparecida, Brazil, from May 13 to 31, 2007. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI in the papal Vatican basilica on June 29, 2007. Participated in the Fifth General Conference of the Latin American and Caribbean Episcopate (CELAM) celebrated in Aparecida, Brazil, in 2007. Between 2009 and 2010, he was one of the five bishops charged with the apostolic visitation to the Legion of Christ. In November 2010, he was elected president of the Episcopal Conference of Chile for a triennium; reelected for another triennium on November 7, 2013. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Santiago, December 15, 2010. Diocesan administrator of the see of Concepción until his successor took possession. Took possession of the archdiocese of Santiago on January 15, 2011. Received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2011, in the papal Vatican basilica. Named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education on November 30, 2013.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of SS. Redentore a Val Melaina in that same consistory. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregation for Catholic Education and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. Took possession of the title of SS. Redentore a Val Melaina, Via Monte Ruggero, 63, Rome, on Saturday October 11, 2014.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; photograph and biography, in Spanish, archdiocese of Santiago; Sacerdotes deben morir al prestigio y al orgullo, dice Arzobispo, ACI, 07 Ago. 12 / 08:39 pm; El arzobispo de Santiago: Ser cardenal es un signo de servicio al Papa, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 13 de enero de 2014.


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(14) 14. OUÉDRAOGO, Philippe Nakellentuba
(1945-

Birth. January 25, 1945, Konéan, diocese of Kaya, Burkina Faso (then Upper Volta). Son of Pierre Zudwende Ouédraogo and Jeanne Pegrima.

Education. Primary studies at École Publique, Kaya, 1952 to 1959; secondary studies at Petit Séminaire de Pabré, Ouagadougou, 1959 to 1967; he then attended the Grand Séminaire Régional de Koumi, Bobo-Diulasso, where he studied philosophy and theology from 1967 to 1973; Pontifical Urbanian University, Rome, 1979 to 1983, where he obtained a doctorate in canon law. After finishing his studies, he returned to Kaya.

Priesthood. Ordained, July 14, 1973, for the diocese of Kaya. Vicar of the cathedral parish of Kaya, 1973 to 1978. Further studies in Rome. He returned to Kaya in 1983 and became pastor of the cathedral parish from that year until 1991. Judge of the metropolitan tribunal of second instance of Ouagadougou 1984 to 1995. Member of the regional ecclesiastical tribunal. National director of Œuvres Pontificales Missionnaires (OPM), 1987 to 1996. Vicar general of the diocese of Kaya from 1989 to 1994. Director of the Petit Séminaire Saint Cyprien, Kaya, 1992 to 1995. Pastor of the parish "Notre Dame de l'Assomption", Pissila, 1995 to 1996.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ouahigouya, July 5, 1996. Consecrated, November 23, 1996, cathedral of Ouahigouya, by Jean-Marie Untaami Campaoré, archbishop of Ouagadougou, assisted by Léon Soulier, bishop of Limoges, and by Constantin Guirma, bishop emeritus of Kaya. His episcopal motto is "In Vinculo Caritatis, annuntiemus Iesum Christum". President of the Conference of Bishops of Burkina Faso and of Niger, 2001 to 2007. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Ouagadougou, May 13, 2009. He took possession of the see on June 13, 2009. He received the pallium from Pope Benedict XVI on June 29, 2009, at the papal Vatican basilica.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria Consolatrice al Tiburtino in that same consistory. Took possession of his title on Sunday April 27, 2014. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples and of the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue.

Bibliography. Bransom, Jr., Charles N. Revue des ordinations épiscopales. Mango, Florida : Bransom, 1997, n. 5-6, p. 49-50.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; Chronicle of his installation, in French, lefaso.net; his arms, Wikipedia; Meet the Church's two new cardinals from West Africa by Giorgio Bernardelli, Vatican Insider, 01-13-2014; Ecco le radici africane della chiesa di Francesco. Il primate del Burkina Faso Ouedraogo, tra poco cardinale, indica l'orizzonte della chiesa nel continente. "Vado alle feste islamiche. Lo faccio per Gesù" by Luca Rolandi, Vatican Insider, 26/01/2014.


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(15) 15. QUEVEDO, O.M.I., Orlando Beltran
(1939-

Birth. March 11, 1939, Laoag, Philippines. His parents were public school teachers. He is the youngest of four children.

Education. Entered the Order of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate. Special College, San Jose Seminary, Quezon City, 1954-1956; St. Peter's Novitiate, Mission, Texas, 1956-1957; San Jose Seminary Quezon City, 1957-1960 (philosophy); Oblate College (Catholic University of America), Washington, DC, 1960-1964 (STB, MA Religious Education); University of Santo Tomas, Manila (post graduate studies in Educational Management); St. Louis University, Missouri, 1976-1977 (Theology of Religious Life).

Priesthood. Ordained, June 5, 1964, Washington, D.C., United States of America. Assistant parish priest, cathedral of Cotabato, 1964. From 1964 to 1968, professor, at Notre Dame College/University, Cotabato City; from 1965 to 1966, dean of studies, at the Archdiocesan Seminary, Cotabato City; from 1966 to 1968, dean of Student Affairs at Notre Dame University, Cotabato City; from 1969 to 1970, vice-rector for Academic Affairs, at Notre Dame University; from 1970 to 1976, president of Notre Dame University, Cotabato City; from 1973-1975, chairman, Mindanao Educational Conference Planning Board; from 1973 to 1976, president, Notre Dame Educational Association; in 1977, spiritual director at the Oblate House of Theology, Quezon City; from 1977 to 1979, parish priest, at Jolo Parish, Sulu; from 1978 to 1979, chairman, OMI Provincial Renewal Team; from 1979 to 1980, superior, Oblate House of Theology, Quezon City.

Episcopate. Elected bishop prelate of Kidapawan, July 23, 1980. Consecrated, October 28, 1980, at the cathedral of Kidapawan, by Bruno Trorpigliani, titular archbishop of de Malliana, nuncio in Philippines, assisted by Philip Francis Smith, archbishop of Cotabato, and by Federico O. Escaler, bishop prelate of Ipil. His episcopal motto is Caritas congaudet veritati. Promoted to the metropolitan see of Nueva Segovia, March 22, 1986. Elected member of the General Council of the Secretariat of the Synod of Bishops, Rome, 1994. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Cotabato, May 30, 1998. He received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 1998, at the papal Vatican basilica. President of the Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) from 1999 to 2003. He was secretary-general of the Federation of Asian Bishops' Conferences from 2005 to 2011. He is known to have championed justice and peace issues during the martial law years in the 1970s and 1980s. He has been at the forefront of peace efforts in the southern Philippines over the past two decades (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria "Regina Mundi" a Torre Spaccata in that same consistory. On Thursday April 24, 2014, he took possession of his title. On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Pontifical Councils Iustitia et Pax and for Interreligious Dialogue.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in English, The Catholic Bishops' Conference of the Philippines; Philippines to have new cardinal: peace hopes rise for troubled region by Joe Torres, Manila, Philippines, ucanews, January 13, 2014; New Filipino cardinal 'humbled' by appointment, ucanews.com reporter, Manila, Philippines, January 14, 2014; New Philippines cardinal calls for church to turn toward poor by Joshua J. McElwee, National Catholic Reporter, Feb. 24, 2014; Card. Orlando Quevedo: appointment is like being crowned with thorns, Rome Reports, 2014-03-06.

(1) In a 2003 paper titled "Injustice: the Root of Conflict in Mindanao," Archbishop Quevedo said the root cause of the Moro rebellion in the southern Philippines was "injustice" to the Moro people's "identity, political sovereignty, and integral development". "Through the years I have gained some understanding of the Moro viewpoint that has significantly influenced, even altered, my Christian viewpoint ... being with Muslim students and professionals for many years," the archbishop wrote.


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(16) 16. LANGLOIS, Chibly
(1958-

Birth. November 29, 1958, La Vallée, diocese of Jacmel, Haïti. From a poor family. He is the eldest of four children. Two of them are Gertrude and Edguert.

Education. He entered the Grand Seminary of Notre-Dame of Port-au-Prince in 1985, where he studied philosophy and theology; later, from 1994 to 1996, he studied and obtained a licentiate degree in pastoral theology at the Pontifical Lateran University in Rome. He is fluent in Italian as well as French and Creole; he also speaks English and understands Spanish.

Priesthood. Ordained, September 22, 1991, by Guire Poulard, bishop of Jacmel. Incardinated in the diocese of Jacmel. From 1991 to 1994, he was vicar of the cathedral of St. Jacques and St. Philippe, Jacmel. Director of the diocesan service for the pastoral of catechesis from 1993 to 1994. Further studies in Rome, 1994 to 1996. In 1996, he became administrator of the diocesan catechetical and pastoral formation. In 1999, he was assigned to the Shrine of the Immaculate Conception of the city "Des Oranger" in Jacmel, and was professor of pastoral theology at the Grand Seminary Notre-Dame from 2000 to 2004. In 2000, he taught at the Diocesan Institute for Education and Human Promotion of Jacmel.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Fort-Liberté, April 8, 2004. Consecrated, June 6, 2004, at the cathedral of Saint-Joseph, Fort-Liberté, by Hubert Constant, archbishop of Cap-Haïtien, assisted by Guire Poulard, bishop of Jacmel, and by Joseph Serge Miot, archbishop coadjutor and apostolic administrator of Port-au-Prince. His episcopal motto is Servir Dieu et l'homme dans l'amour (Servire Deo et populo in caritate). Transferred to the see of Les Cayes, August 15, 2011. Apostolic administrator of Fort-Liberté until the installation of his successor, Bishop Max Leroy Mésidor, on July 28, 2012. He was member of the Episcopal Commission for Mission and chairman of the Episcopal Commission on Catechesis. President of the Haitian Episcopal Conference since December 2011. He is currently chief mediator among fifty opposition groups and representatives of the president of Haïti.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Giacomo in Augusta in that same consistory. He is the first Haitian cardinal in history (1). On May 22, 2014, he was named member of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax and of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America. Took possession of his title on Saturday June 7, 2014, at 5:30 p.m.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in French, Wikipedia; his photograph and biography, in English, Haiti: One Table, Many Partners to life; Haïti a son premier cardinal au sein de léglise catholique romaine internationale, AlterPresse, dimanche 12 janvier 2014; Monseigneur Chibly Langlois, premier cardinal haïtien de l'histoire, Kiskeya, YouTube, published on Jan 12, 2014; Mgr. Chibly Langlois1er Cardinal Haitien 1ere Interview, Haiti Actualités, YouTube, published on Jan 13, 2014; Réactions du Nonce Apostolique, Mgr Bernardito Auza, ` la nomination du Cardinal Langlois, Kiskeya, YouTube, published on Jan 13, 2014; Conozca al que será el primer Cardenal de Haití en la historia ACIPrensa, 13 Ene. 14 / 12:53 pm; Haiti's new cardinal known as tireless worker, advocate for people by Ezra Fieser, Catholic News Service, Jan. 15, 2014; Haiti celebrates first cardinal by Jacqueline Charles, The Miami Herald, Friday, 01.31.14; Haití: el futuro cardenal intenta el diálogo entre el gobierno y la oposición, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 11 de febrero de 2014; Il neo-cardinale Langlois: segno di speranza per gli ultimi by Paolo Lambruschi , Avvenire, 24 febbraio 2014; El papa Francisco no se ha olvidado de Haití y quiere que la gente no se olvide by H. Sergio Mora, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 11 de junio de 2014.

(1) According to Ezra Fieser, Catholic News Service, "Haitian Catholic leaders see the choice seen as recognition of the church's work following a devastating earthquake that struck four years ago to the day of the papal announcement. The quake killed an estimated 220,000 people and left 1.5 million homeless. It killed the archbishop of the capital, Port-au-Prince, and toppled the city's iconic cathedral."


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(17) 17. CAPOVILLA, Loris Francesco
(1915-

Birth. October 14, 1915, Pontelongo, diocese of Padua, Italy. Son of Rodolfo Capovilla, a functionary of Società Belga Zuccherifici, and Letizia Callegaro. He had a sister, Lia. He was baptized in the archpriestal church of Pontelongo. The father died in 1922, causing the mother and the two children go through a very difficult period of precariousness and wanderings until final settling in Mestre in 1929.

Education. Studied at the Patriarchal Seminary of Venice.

Priesthood. Ordained, May 23, 1940, Venice, by Cardinal Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, patriarch of Venice. Incardinated in the patriarchate of Venice. He performed various tasks in the parish of S. Zaccaria and in the patriarchal curia, where he was capitular master of ceremonies in the Basilica of San Marco; he also was catechist in middle schools and chaplain of the Onarmo in Porto Marghera; he performed his ministry as minors' prison chaplain and as chaplain of the infectious hospital. During the Second World War he served in the military aviation (1). In 1945, he was named Sunday preacher at "Radio Venezia", ministry that he performed until 1953. In 1949, he was named director of the diocesan weekly "La Voce di San Marco" and redactor of the Venetian page of "Avvenire d'Italia", the newspaper of the Italian bishops. He was inscribed in the "Album of Journalists" in 1950. Secretary to Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, patriarch of Venice, and later Pope John XXIII, from March 15, 1953 to June 3, 1963. Privy chamberlain supernumerary of His Holiness, December 11, 1955. Conclavist to Patriarch Roncalli in the conclave of 1958, in which the patriarch was elected pope. After the election, he continued as secretary of the pope until the death of the pontiff, having been confirmed in the post the same evening of the election, October 28, 1958. Domestic prelate of His Holiness, December 12, 1958. Privy chamberlain participant of His Holiness, March 22, 1960. Canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica in 1960. Pope Paul VI named him prelate di anticamera and expert to the Second Vatican Council.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Chieti, June 25, 1967; the see of Chieti had united in perpetuity the administration of the diocese of Vasto (now archdiocese of Chieti-Vasto). Consecrated, July 15, 1967, at the patriarchal Vatican basilica, by Pope Paul VI, assisted by Augusto Gianfranceschi, bishop of Cesena, and by Jacques-Paul Martin, titular bishop of Neapoli di Palaestina, canon of the chapter of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and official of the Secretariat of State. His episcopal motto is Oboedientia et Pax (the same as Pope John XXIII). Transferred to the titular see of Messembria (which was the titular see of Archbishop Roncalli) and named prelate of Loreto and pontifical delegate to the Lauretano Shrine, September 25, 1971. Resigned the posts on December 10, 1988. He resides in Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII, Bergamo, the native town of Pope John XXIII.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the the title of S. Maria in Trastevere on that same day. He was not able to participate in the consistory because of age and health reasons. Received the red biretta and the cardinalitial ring on March 1, 2014, at 4 p.m., at the parish church of Sotto il Monte Giovanni XXIII. Cardinal Angelo Sodano, dean of the College of Cardinals, delegate of Pope Francis, imposed the biretta and presided over the concelebrated mass that followed. At 98 years old, he is the oldest member of the College of Cardinals. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Wikipedia; photographs and biography, in Italian, Santi e Beati; 50 anni fa si apriva il Concilio Vaticano II: intervista a mons. Loris Capovilla , YouTube, published on May 3, 2012; At 96, Blessed John XXIII's secretary tells tales of his famous boss by Francis X. Rocca, Catholic News Service, May 4, 2012; John XXIII's secretary, Catholic News Service, video, YouTube, published on May 12, 2012;John XXIII's secretary, part 2, Catholic News Service, video, YouTube, published on May 12, 2012; Francis' phone call to Capovilla in memory of John XXIII by Marco Tosatti, Vatican Insider, 04/ 2/2013; Papa Francesco telefona a monsignor Loris Capovilla, YouTube, published on Apr 3, 2013; El custodio de la memoria: Loris F. Capovilla, nuevo cardenal by Luis Marín de San Martín, OSA, Revista Ecclesia, 12 enero, 2014; Mons. Capovilla fue secretario personal de Juan XXIII y con 98 años será Cardenal mas anciano de la Iglesia, ACI/EWTN Noticias, 13 Ene. 14 / 11:36 pm; Capovilla: raggio di sole al tramonto by Marco Roncalli, Avvenire, 14 gennaio 2014; At 98, Blessed John XXIII's secretary to be oldest living cardinal by Francis X. Rocca, Catholic News Service, Feb-4-2014; Loris Capovilla will not receive the biretta in Rome by Andrea Tornielli, Vatican Insider, 02/19/2014; Il card. Capovilla: Francesco, come Papa Giovanni, vuole cardinali santi, Radio Vaticana, 2014-02-24; Berretta cardinalizia per Capovilla, Avvenire, 1 marzo 2014; Capovilla: «Sono 79 anni che conosco Roncalli...» by Giorgio Malavasi, Gente Veneta, Lunedì, 14 Aprile 2014; Capovilla su Roncalli: «Non chiamatelo Papa 'buono'», Vatican Insider, 18/04/2014; Cardenal Capovilla: Juan XXIII murió con la mirada de un niño by Rocío Lancho García, Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 25 de abril de 2014.

(1) When the Armistice in 1943 occurred, he was in the airport "Natale Palli" in Parma. He is still remembered for his humanitarian work intended to spare as many airmen as possible from internment in Germany. Sixty years after the end of the conflict, La Gazzetta di Parma (February 7, 2005) remembered him with the article by Giorgio Torelli "Così don Loris sfidò i tedeschi" (Thus Don Loris defied the Germans).


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(18) 18. SEBASTIÁN AGUILAR, C.M.F., Fernando
(1929-

Birth. December 14, 1929, Calatayud, diocese of Tarazona, Spain.

Education. Studied at Instituto de Enseñanza Media, Calatayud. Entered the Congregation of the Missionary Sons of the Immaculate Heart of Mary (Claretians) in Vic in 1945; professed on September 8, 1946; studied philosophy and theology in the Claretian seminaries of Solsona and Valls respectively. After his ordination, he was sent to Rome to specialize in theology; in 1956, he went to Belgium to study at the Catholic University of Louvain, where he took courses in contemporary philosophy, fundamental theology and pastoral of the sacraments; in 1957, he obtained a doctorate in theology at the Pontifical Athenaeum of S. Tommaso d'Aquino (Angelicum) in Rome, with the highest grades and a thesis on the Divine Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary entitled Maternitatis divinae diversa ratio apud Didacum Alvarez et Franciscum Suarez.

Priesthood. Ordained, June 28, 1953, by Cardinal Benjamín Arriba y Castro, archbishop of Tarragona. Further studies in Rome and Louvain. Professor of theology at the Claretian Seminaries of Valls, Salamanca and Rome. In 1967, he became professor of theology at the Pontifical University of Salamanca; in 1970, he was named dean of the Theological Faculty; and in September 1971, he was elected rector magnífico of the university for four years; he was reelected almost unanimously by the University Claustro for another four years concluding on July 17, 1979.

Episcopate. Elected bishop of León, August 22, 1979. Consecrated, September 29, 1979, at the cathedral of the Assumption, León, by Cardinal Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, archbishop of Madrid, assisted by Gabino Díaz Merchán, archbishop of Oviedo, and by José Delicado Baeza, archbishop of Valladolid. His episcopal motto is Veritas in caritate. Resigned the pastoral government of the see of León, July 38, 1983. Secretary of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, 1982-1988. Promoted to archbishop coadjutor of Granada, April 8, 1988. Vice president of the Spanish Episcopal Conference, 1993-1999; and 2002-2005. Transferred to the metropolitan see of Pamplona y Tudela, March 26, 1993. He received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 1993, at the papal Vatican basilica. Apostolic administrator of Calahorra y La Calzada-Logroño, September 15, 2003 to May 29, 2004. Resigned the government of the metropolitan see of Pamplona y Tudela, July 31, 2007. On May 15, 2008, the Congregation for the Institutes of Consecrated Life and the Societies of Apostolic Life named him pontifical commissary for the Union Lumen Dei, with faculties of president general. He resides in Málaga. He is a prolific writer and has published numerous works (1).

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Angela Merici in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. On June 4, 2014, he was awarded the Prize HO 2014 from the organization Hazte Oí. On Sunday September 21, 2014, he took possession of the title of S. Angela Merici.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; photograph and biography, in Spanish, Spanish Episcopal Conference; biography, in Spanish, Wikipedia; Mons. Sebastián: 'Nunca he esperado ser cardenal, ni lo he deseado', Zenit, el mundo visto desde Roma, 13 de enero de 2014; El preferido de Tarancón by Juan G. Bedoya, El País, Madrid, 12 ene 2014 - 22:17 CET; Málaga suma su décimo cardenal by Ignacio A. Castillo, La Opinión de Málaga, 15.01.2014 05:00; «La homosexualidad es una deficiente sexualidad que se puede normalizar con tratamiento». Fernando Sebastián, el nuevo cardenal español, que reside en Málaga, cree que Francisco es un ejemplo para el resto de gobernantes by Jesús Hinojosa, Diario SUR Digital, Málaga, 19.01.14 - 02:22; Nota acerca de las declaraciones del cardenal electo Fernando Sebastian sobre la homosexualidad, Revista Ecclesia, 2 febrero, 2014; New Spanish cardinal to be probed for 'anti-gay' incitement, ucanews, February 6, 2014; Futuro Cardenal Sebastián: Es un reto fundamental anunciar el Evangelio en medio del laicismo, ACI/Europa Press, 18 Feb. 14 / 11:17 am; Futuro Cardenal Sebastián: Ni las izquierdas ni las derechas apoyan de verdad a la familia, ACI/Europa Press, 19 Feb. 14 / 10:36 am; Archivan investigación por declaraciones del Cardenal Sebastián sobre homosexualidad, ACI/Europa Press, Málaga, 04 Abr. 14 / 11:43 am; Cardenal Sebastián ensalza labor de HazteOír "que trabaja por el bien de la Iglesia y de la humanidad", ACI/Europa Press, 10 Jun. 14 / 03:25 am.

(1) Among his works are: Al servicio de la Iglesia, 1961; Vida de perfección en la Iglesia, 1967; Renovación conciliar de la vida religiosa, 1969; Vida evangélica, 1969; Secularización y vida religiosa, 1970; Antropología y teología de la fe cristiana, 1973; Nueva evangelización, 1991; Escritos sobre la fe, la Iglesia y el hombre, 1996; La verdad del Evangelio. Cartas a los españoles perplejos en materia de cristianismo, 2003; Conferencias, 2004; Documentos pastorales (1993-2003), 2004; Testigo del Evangelio, 2004; Sembrando la palabra, 2008.


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(19) 19. FELIX, Kelvin Edward
(1933-

Birth. February 15, 1933, Roseau, Dominica. He was one of the nine children of Major Edward Mosley Felix, chief of the Dominica Police Force, and Melanie Cadette.

Education. He received his primary education at the Roseau Boys School, and his secondary education at the Dominica Grammar School; he was a fine soccer player, representing the Grammar School with distinction. In 1950, he left Dominica to study for the priesthood at St. John Vianney Seminary in Port of Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. From 1962, he studied at St. Francis Xavier University, Nova Scotia, Canada, where he obtained a Diploma in Adult Education, graduating in 1963; and in 1967, he completed a Masters in Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Notre Dame, Indiana, United States of America. He did post graduate studies in Sociology at the University of Bradford, Yorkshire, England, graduating in 1970.

Priesthood. Ordained, April 8, 1956, Dominica, by Patrick Finbar Ryan, O.P., archbishop of Port of Spain. He was the first diocesan priest from Roseau, and the first Catholic priest to be ordained in Dominica. Pastoral work in Dominica from 1956 to 1962. Further studies in Canada, the United States of America and England from 1962 to 1970. While studying in England he ministered to the Dominican immigrant community in Bradford and, aware of their difficult economic situation, helped them organize a credit union. After completing his studies in 1970, Father Felix was appointed tutor at the Seminary of St. John Vianney and lecturer in sociology at the University of the West Indies at St. Augustine, Port of Spain. In 1972, he returned to Dominica and was appointed headmaster of the St. Mary's Academy, which was then having very serious racial problems because of the Black Power movement; he was successful solving the problems. Appointed associate general secretary of the Caribbean Conference of Churches.

Episcopate. Elected archbishop of Castries, St. Lucia, July 17, 1981. Consecrated, October 5, 1981, at the cathedral of the Immaculate Conception, Castries, by Paul Fouad Tabet, titular archbishop of Sinna, apostolic delegate to the Antilles, assisted by Gordon Anthony Pantin, archbishop of Port of Spain, and by Samuel Emmanuel Carter, archbishop of Kingston in Jamaica. His episcopal motto is Ut omnes unum sint. He was president of the Caribbean Conference of Churches from 1981 to 1986; as well as president of the Antilles Episcopal Conference from 1991 to 1997. He received the pallium from Pope John Paul II on June 29, 1982, at the papal Vatican basilica. In 1986, he was awarded an honorary doctorate of laws from St. Francis Xavier University, Nova Scotia. He was awarded the Order of the British Empire (OBE) by Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace, London, in 1992. Apostolic administrator of the diocese of Bridgetown, Barbados. He was also awarded the Dominica Meritorious Service Medal in 1999. He received the St. Lucia Medal of Honor in 2002. Resigned the pastoral government of the metropolitan see of Castries, February 15, 2008. He continues his ministry to the poor in the villages of Dominica. He was member of the Pontifical Council for Family Life, the Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialog, and the Synodal Council for America.

Cardinalate. Created cardinal priest in the consistory of February 22, 2014; received the red biretta, the cardinalitial ring and the title of S. Maria della Salute a Primavalle in that same consistory. He had reached age 80 before becoming a cardinal, so was not eligible to participate in a conclave. On Saturday May 31, 2014, at 6: 30 p.m., he took possession of his title, which is situated at Via Tommaso De Vio, 5, Rome.

Webgraphy. Biography, in Italian, Sala Stampa della Santa Sede; biography, in English, Wikipedia; Antilles cardinal-designate wants to remain 'country parish priest' by Raymond Syms Catholic News Service, Jan. 22, 2014; Archbishop Kelvin Felix Archdiocesan Pastoral Centre.


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