The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Adrian I (772-795)
Creation of 772 (I)


(1) 1. GIOVANNI (?-before 816)

Birth. (No date or place found). He is also listed as Joannes II.

Education. (No information found).

Episcopate. Elected bishop of Ferrara in 772. Consecrated (no information found).

Cardinalate. Presbyter cardinalis of an unknown title in 772 (1). He obtained a privilege for his diocese from Pope Adrian I on March 9, 772. By the bull "Cum in principio" of Pope Adrian I, dated March 9, 780, he obtained another privilege for his diocese (2). He also obtained privileges for Ferrara from Pope Leo III.

Death. Before 816, (no place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 42; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 562; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. 265; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 149, no. 1; Gams, Pius Bonifatius. Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae. 3 v. in 1. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1957, p. 694; Moroni, Gaetano. Dizionario di erudizione storico-ecclesiastica da S. Pietro sino ai nostri giorni. 103 vols. in 53. Venezia : Tipografia Emiliana, 1840-1861, XXXI, 68-69; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 296.

(1) According to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926, p. 149, he is considered a cardinal by Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium, and most other authors. He would be the first cardinal named outside of the Roman Curia and the suburbicarian sees unless he was a cardinal priest in Rome before being elected bishop of Ferrara.
(2) Regesta pontificum Romanorum, I, 196, mentions him as bishop of Ferrara and ecclesiae Romanae cardinalem.

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