The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Paschal I (817-824)
820 (I)


(1) 1. VALENTINO (?-827)

Birth. (No date found), Rome, in the Via Lata region. Of an upper-class family. Son of Leonzio (or Leontis or Leontius or Leontia). He is also listed as Valentino Leoni.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Deacon cardinalis of the Holy Roman Church in 820. Named archdeacon cardinalis of the Holy Roman Church by Pope Paschal I. He was celebrated for his great piety and spirituality. When Pope Eugenius II died, the Roman clergy, nobility and people went to the basilica of S. Maria Maggiore, where Cardinal Valentino was in prayer, and unanimously elected him pope despite his protestation that he was undeserving and totally inexperienced, and carried him in triumph to the Lateran palace and sat him on the papal throne.

Papacy. Elected pope in August 827. Took the name Valentine. Received the confirmation of Emperor Lothair II and took the oath of loyalty to the empire. Consecrated in the Vatican basilica. It is not known if the imperial envoys arrived in Rome for the pope's consecration as required by the Constitutio Romana of 824.

Death. September 827, of corpus oppressus molestia (bodily trouble), Rome. Buried in the Vatican basilica. His tomb was destroyed during the demolition of the old basilica and the construction of the new one in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Bibliography. Bonaccorsi, Ilaria. "Valentino." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, I, 713-714; Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 46-47; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, cols. 590 and 595-596; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. XXXIX; Del Re, Niccolò. "Valentino, papa." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 1076; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 52, 16; Kelly, John Norman Davidson. The Oxford Dictionary of Popes. Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 1986, p. 102; Le Liber pontificalis. Paris : E. de Boccard, 1981, 1955. 3 v. : facsims. (Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome). Notes: Reprint of the 1955 edition./ Includes indexes./ Vol. 3: "Additions et corrections de L. Duchesne publiées par Cyrille Vogel ... avec L'Histoire du Liber pontificalis dupuis l'édition de L. Duchesne une bibliographie et des tables générales, II, LVI,LXXV, 71-72; Montini, Renzo Uberto. Le tombe dei papi. Roma : Angelo Belardetti, 1957. Note: At head of title: Instituto di studi romani, p. 137, no. 101; Reardon, Wendy J. The deaths of the popes : comprehensive accounts, including funerals, burial places and epitaphs. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., Publishers, 2004, p. 62; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 322-323.

Links. Biography, in English, The Catholic Encyclopedia; biography, in English, (Britannica); biography, in English; biography, in English; his image and brief biography, in English; biography, in Italian, Enciclopedia dei papi, Treccani; his image and biography, in Italian; his engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Õsterreichische Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, from the same source; another engraving, also from the same source; his effigy on a medal, Numismatic collection of Olomouc archiepiscopate, Czech Republic; and his effigy on another medal from the same source.


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