The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Biographical Dictionary
Sergius III (904-911)
At an unknwon date between 904 and 911


(4) 1. CRISTOFORO (?-?)

Birth. (No date or place found). He was a relative of Pope Leo V.

Education. (No information found).

Early life. He was primicerius of the Holy Roman Church.

Cardinalate. Presbyter cardinalis of an unknown title or deacon cardinalis of the Holy Roman Church at an unknown date between 904 and 911.

Death. (No date or place found). Buried (no information found).

Bibliography. Cardella, Lorenzo. Memorie storiche de' cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Stamperia Pagliarini, 1792, I, pt. 1, 73; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 693, no. I; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 155, no. 4.

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(5) 2. ANASTASIO (?-913)

Birth. (No date found), Rome. Son of Lutiano.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Deacon cardinalis of the Holy Roman Church at an unknown date between 904 and 911.

Papacy. Elected pope in June or September 911. Took the name Anastasius III. He granted the pallium to Ragemberto, bishop of Vercelli, on February 10, 912. By the bull "Convenit apostolico", issued in January 911/913, he granted the pallium and miter to Hogero, archbishop of Hamburg; by the same bull, the pope also granted the archbishop jurisdiction over the Swedish, Danish, Norwegians, Icelanders, Greenlanders, Island of Scrideuinnun, and over all the northern nations, and also over the Slavs who were in territories between the rivers Pene and Egidore. He granted a privilege to the see of Grado. He did not create any cardinals.

Death. June, or August, or October 913, probably poisoned by orders of Teodora Teofilatti, Roman senatrix and effective ruler of the city, because he tried to act independently from her. Buried in the pavement of the portico of the Vatican basilica. His tomb was destroyed during the demolition of the old basilica and the construction of the new one in the 16th and 17th centuries, but the complete text of his epitaph was recorded (1).

Bibliography. Bertolini, Paolo. "Anastasio III." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 63-65; Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 693-694; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. XL; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 155, no. 5; Ilari, Annibale. "Anastasio III, papa." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 57; Le Liber pontificalis. Paris : E. de Boccard, 1981, 1955. 3 v. : facsims. (Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome). Notes: Reprint of the 1955 edition./ Includes indexes./ Vol. 3: "Additions et corrections de L. Duchesne publiées par Cyrille Vogel ... avec L'Histoire du Liber pontificalis dupuis l'édition de L. Duchesne une bibliographie et des tables générales, II, LXIX, LXXVI, 239 ; Montini, Renzo Uberto. Le tombe dei papi. Roma : Angelo Belardetti, 1957. Note: At head of title: Instituto di studi romani, p. 151; Reardon, Wendy J. The deaths of the popes : comprehensive accounts, including funerals, burial places and epitaphs. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., Publishers, 2004, p. 70; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 448.

Links. Biography, in English; biography, in English (Britannica); his image and biography, in English; biography, in English; biography by Paolo Bertolini, Enciclopedia dei papai, in Italian; his engraving, iStockphoto; his engraving, in color; his engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; his engraving, Fondazione Narco Besso, Rome; another engraving from the same source; his engraving, Biblioteca comunale dell'Archiginnasio, Bologna; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; and another engraving from the same source.

(1) This is the text of his epitaph, taken from Montini, Le tombe dei papi, p. 151:

VATIS ANASTASII REQVIESCVNT MEMBRA SEPVLCRO
SED NVMQVAM MERITVM PARWLA CLAVDIT HVMVS
SEDEM APOSTOLICAM BLANDO MODERAMINE REXIT
TERTIVS EXISTENS ORDINE PONTIFICVM
AD CHRISTVM PERGENS PECCATI VINCVLA SPERAT
SOLVERE CLEMENTER OMNIA POSSE SIBI
LIMINA CVRRENTES AD TEMPLI VNDIQVE HVIVS
VT PRAESTET REQVIEM POSCITE CORDE DEO

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(6) 3. LANDONE (?-914)

Birth. (No date found), Sabina. Son of Count Taino (or Tainus, Trani, Tanni or Tami), a wealthy Lombard. He is also listed as Landus, Landon and Lando.

Education. (No information found).

Cardinalate. Deacon cardinalis of the Holy Roman Church in a promotion celebrated at an unknown date between 904 and 911. It is very probable that he was the candidate of Teofilatto, consul and senator, financial director of the Holy See, and his ambitious and energetic wife Theodora, who dominated Rome at this time and effectively controlled the papacy.

Papacy. Elected pope in July or November 913. He kept his baptismal name as pope. He granted a privilege to the cathedral of S. Salvatore in Fornovo, Sabina, in memory of his father. The lack of information about his pontificate reflects the fact that it took place during a time of political crisis in Rome, devoid of documents. He did not create any cardinals. His pontificate lasted six months and eleven days.

Death. March or April 914, probably murdered on orders of Teodora Teofilatti, Roman senatrix, in order to have Giovanni, archbishop of Ravenna, become pope. Buried at the Vatican basilica (1). His tomb was destroyed during the demolition of the old basilica and the construction of the new one in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Bibliography. Chacón, Alfonso. Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificum Romanorum : et S.R.E. Cardinalium ab initio nascentis Ecclesiae usque ad Clementem IX P. O. M. Alphonsi Ciaconii Ord. Praed. & aliorum opera descriptæ : cum uberrimis notis. Ab Augustino Oldoino, Soc. Jesu recognitae, et ad quatuor tomos ingenti ubique rerum accessione productae. Additis Pontificum recentiorum imaginibus, & Cardinalium insignibus, plurimisque aeneis figuris, cum indicibus locupletissimis. Romæ : P. et A. De Rubeis, 1677, I, col. 695-696; Cristofori, Francesco. Cronotasi dei cardinali di Santa Romana Chiesa. Rome : Tipografia de Propaganda Fide, 1888, p. XL; Del Re, Niccolò. "Landone, papa." Mondo vaticano. Passato e presente. Città del Vaticano : Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 1995, p. 638-639; "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux des 10 premiers siècles". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1926. Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1927, p. 155-156, no. 6; Longo, Umberto. "Landone." Enciclopedia dei papi. 3 vols. Roma : Istituto della Enciclopedia italiana, 2000, II, 64-65; Le Liber pontificalis. Paris : E. de Boccard, 1981, 1955. 3 v. : facsims. (Bibliothèque des Écoles françaises d'Athènes et de Rome). Notes: Reprint of the 1955 edition./ Includes indexes./ Vol. 3: "Additions et corrections de L. Duchesne publiées par Cyrille Vogel ... avec L'Histoire du Liber pontificalis dupuis l'édition de L. Duchesne une bibliographie et des tables générales, II, ; LXXVI, LXIX, 239; Montini, Renzo Uberto. Le tombe dei papi. Roma : Angelo Belardetti, 1957. Note: At head of title: Instituto di studi romani, p. 152; Reardon, Wendy J. The deaths of the popes : comprehensive accounts, including funerals, burial places and epitaphs. Jefferson, N.C. : McFarland & Co., Publishers, 2004, p. 70; Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2 v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Original t.p. included : Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab condita ecclesia : ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald, I, 448.

Links. Biography, in English, The Catolic Encyclopedia; biography, in English, (Britannica); his image and biography, in English; biography, in English; biography, in German, Mittelalterliche Genealogie; biography, in Italian, Enrosadira; his engraving, in color; his engraving, Fondazione Marco Besso, Rome; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving and arms, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; his engraving, Bildarchiv Austria. Die Bildplattform der Österreichischen Nationalbibliothek; and another engraving from the same source.

(1) This is according to Reardon, The deaths of the popes : comprehensive accounts, including funerals, burial places and epitaphs, p. 70. Montini, Le tombe dei papi, p. 152, says that there is no information concerning the burial of this pope in the Vatican basilica.

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