The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Conclaves of the 18th Century (1700-1775)

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Conclave of October 9 - November 23, 1700
(Clement XI)
Fifty-seven of the sixty-six cardinals participated. The French presented a veto against the election to the papacy of Cardinal Galeazzo Marescotti. Cardinal Gianfrancesco Albani was elected, after having declined the election for three days. He took the name Clement XI. He succeeded Pope Innocent XII, who died on September 27, 1700.

-Emanuel Théodosie de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Niccolò Acciaioli, bishop of Frascati.
-Gasparo Carpegna, bishop of Sabina.
-César d'Estrées, bishop of Albano.
-Carlo Barberini.
-Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P., archbishop of Benevento.
-Francesco Nerli, iuniore.
-Galeazzo Marescotti.
-Fabrizio Spada, legate in Urbino.
-Giambattista Spinola, seniore.
-Savo Millini, archbishop-bishop of Nepi e Sutri.
-Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros., archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica.
-Marcello Durazzo, archbishop-bishop of Faenza.
-Marcantonio Barbarigo, archbishop-bishop of Montefiascone e Corneto.
-Étienne Le Camus, bishop of Grenoble, France.
-Pier Matteo Petrucci, Orat.
-Leandro Colloredo, Orat., grand penitentiary.
-Giovanni Francesco Negroni, legate in Bologna.
-Fulvio Astalli, legate in Ferrara.
-Francesco Maria de' Medici.
-Pietro Ottoboni, vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church.
-Bandino Panciatici, datary of His Holiness.
-Giacomo Cantelmo, archbishop of Naples.
-Ferdinndo d'Adda, legate in Bologna.
-Toussaint de Forbin de Janson, bishop of Beauvais, France.
-Giovanni Battista Rubini, bishop of Vicenza, legate in Urbino.
-Francesco del Giudice.
-Giambattista Costaguti.
-Carlo Bichi.
-Giuseppe Renato Imperiali, legate in Ferrara.
-Luigi Omodei.
-Gianfrancesco Albani (Elected Pope Clement XI)
-Francesco Barberini, iuniore, legate in Romandiola.
-Lorenzo Altieri, legate in Urbino.
-Giacomo Antonio Morigia, C.R.S.P., archbishop of Florence.
-Sebastiano Antonio Tanara.
-Giacomo Boncompagni, archbishop of Bologna.
-Taddeo Luigi del Verme, bishop of Imola.
-Baldassare Cenci, seniore, archbishop of Fermo.
-Tommaso Maria Ferrari, O.P.
-Giuseppe Sacripante, prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council.
-Enrico Noris, O.E.S.A., librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
-Giambattista Spinola, iuniore, camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.
-Henri Albert de la Grange d'Arquien.
-Giorgio Cornaro, bishop of Padua.
-Pierre de Cambout, bishop of Orléans, France.
-Fabrizio Paolucci, archbishop-bishop of Ferrara.
-Vincenzo Grimani.
-Niccolò Radulovich, archbishop of Chieti.
-Giuseppe Archinto, archbishop of Milan. (1)
-Andrea Santacroce.
-Marcello d'Aste, archbishop-bishop of Ancona, legate in Urbino.
-Daniello Marco Delfino, archbishop-bishop of Brescia.
-Sperello Sperelli.
-Giambattista Gabrielli, O.Cist.
-Louis-Antoine de Noailles, archbishop of Paris, France.
-Johannes Philip von Lamberg, bishop of Passau, Germany.

(1) Left the conclave because of illness on November 22, 1700, so he did not vote in the election that took place the next day.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Luis Manuel Fernández de Portocarrero, bishop of Palestrina and archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
-Pierre de Bonzi, archbishop of Narbonne, France.
-Urbano Sacchetti, bishop of Viterbo e Toscanella.
-Leopold Karl von Kollonitsch Lipót, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary.
-Augustyn Michał Stefan Radziejowski, archbishop of Gniezno, Poland.
-Pedro de Salazar Gutiérrez de Toledo, O. de M., bishop of Córdoba, Spain.
-Wilhelm Egon von Fürstenberg, bishop of Strassburg, Alsatia.
-Luiz de Sousa, archbishop of Lisbon, Portugal.
-Francisco Antonio de Borja-Centelles y Ponce de León, archdeacon of Calatrava and canon prebendary of Toledo.

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Conclave of March 31 - May 8, 1721
(Innocent XIII)
Fifty-six of the sixty-eight cardinals participated. Cardinal Mihály Frigyes Althan, bishop of Vác, Hungary, presented the veto of Emperor Karl VI against the election of Cardinal Fabrizio Paolucci. The Spanish king presented the veto against the election of Cardinal Francesco Pignatelli, seniore, Theat., archbishop of Naples and bishop of Sabina. Cardinal Michelangelo Conti was unanimously elected pope, and took the name Innocent XIII. He succeeded Pope Clement XI, who died on March 19, 1721.

-Sebastiano Antonio Tanara, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P., bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Francesco del Giudice, bishop of Frascati.
-Fabrizio Paolucci, bishop of Albano.
-Francesco Pignatelli, seniore, Theat., archbishop of Naples and bishop of Sabina.
-Francesco Barberini, iuniore, bishop of Palestrina.
-Giacomo Boncompagni, archbishop of Bologna.
-Giuseppe Sacripanti.
-Giorgio Cornaro, bishop of Padua.
-Lorenzo Corsini.
-Francesco Acquaviva d'Aragona.
-Tommaso Ruffo.
-Orazio Filippo Spada, archbishop-bishop of Osimo.
-Filippo Antonio Gualterio.
-Giuseppe Vallemani.
-Giandomenico Paracciani. (1)
-Carlo Agostino Fabroni.
-Pietro Priuli, bishop of Bergamo.
-Michelangelo Conti. (Elected Pope Innocent XIII)
-Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini, archbishop-bishop of Imola.
-Lodovico Pico della Mirandola.
-Gianantonio Davia, archbishop-bishop of Rimini.
-Agostino Cusani, archbishop-bishop of Pavia.
-Giulio Piazza, archbishop-bishop of Faenza.
-Antonfelice Zondadari.
-Giovanni Battista Bussi, archbishop-bishop of Ancona.
-Pier Marcellino Corradini.
-Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg, France.
-Wolfgang Hanibal von Schrattenbach, bishop of Olomouc, Moravia.
-Giovanni Battista Tolomei, S.J.
-Benedetto Erba-Odescalchi, archbishop of Milan.
-Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy, bishop of Meaux, France.
-Innico Caracciolo, iuniore, bishop of Aversa.
-Bernardino Scotti, governor of Rome.
-Niccolò Caracciolo, archbishop of Capua.
-Giambattista Patrizi.
-Niccolò Spinola.
-Giberto Bartolomeo Borromeo.
-Imre Csácky, archbishop of Kalocsa and Bács, Hungary.
-Giorgio Spinola.
-Cornelio Bentivoglio.
-Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium. (2)
-Giovanni Francesco Barbarigo, bishop of Brescia.
-Mihály Frigyes Althan, bishop of Vác, Hungary.
-Giovanni Battista Salerni, S.J. (3)
-Ávaro Cienfuegos Villazón, S.J., bishop of Catania.
-Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros., librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
-Pietro Ottoboni.
-Giuseppe Renato Imperiali.
-Lorenzo Altieri.
-Carlo Colonna.
-Annibale Albani.
-Curzio Origo.
-Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn, bishop of Speyer. (4)
-Fabio Olivieri.
-Giulio Alberoni.
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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Galeazzo Marescotti.
-Louis-Antoine de Noailles, archbishop of Paris, France.
-Lorenzo Fieschi, archbishop of Genoa.
-Christian August von Sachsen-Zeitz, bishop of Györ, Hungary.
-Nuno da Cunha e Ataíde (5).
-Melchior de Polignac.
-Carlo Maria Marini.
-Léon Potier de Gesvres, archbishop of Bourges, France.
-François de Mailly, archbishop of Reims, France.
-Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Orat., bishop of Cartagena, Spain.
-José Pereira de Lacerda, bishop of Faro, Portugal (5).
-Carlos de Borja-Centelles y Ponce de León, patriarch of the West Indies.

(1) Left the conclave because of illness, and so did not vote on May 8, 1721.
(2) Entered the conclave the night of May 7, 1721 and so voted on May 8 when Innocent XIII was elected.
(3) Left the conclave because of illness, and so did not vote on May 8, 1721.
(4) Entered the conclave the night of May 7, 1721 and so voted on May 8 when Innocent XIII was elected.
(5) Arrived in Rome to participate in the conclave when the new Pope Innocent XIII had already been elected.

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Conclave of March 20 - May 29, 1724
(Benedict XIII)
Fifty-three of the sixty-six Cardinals participated. Cardinal Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P. was elected and took the name Benedict XIII (he had taken the name Benedict XIV but soon changed from XIV to XIII because the previous Benedict XIII was an antipope). He succeeded Pope Innocent XIII, who died on March 7, 1724.

-Sebastiano Antonio Tanara, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals (1).
-Vincenzo Maria Orsini, O.P., bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals. (Elected Pope Benedict XIII)
-Francesco del Giudice, bishop of Frascati.
-Fabrizio Paolucci, bishop of Albano.
-Francesco Pignatelli, seniore, Theat., archbishop of Naples and bishop of Sabina.
-Francesco Barberini, iuniore, bishop of Palestrina.
-Giacomo Boncompagni, archbishop of Bologna.
-Giuseppe Sacripanti.
-Lorenzo Corsini.
-Francesco Acquaviva d'Aragona.
-Tommaso Ruffo.
-Orazio Filippo Spada, archbishop-bishop of Osimo.
-Filippo Antonio Gualterio, former archbishop-bishop of Todi.
-Giuseppe Vallemani.
-Carlo Agostino Fabroni.
-Pietro Priuli, bishop of Bergamo.
-Ulisse Giuseppe Gozzadini, archbishop-bishop of Imola.
-Annibale Albani.
-Lodovico Pico della Mirandola.
-Gianantonio Davia, archbishop-bishop of Rimini.
-Agostino Cusani, archbishop-bishop of Pavia.
-Giulio Piazza, archbishop-bishop of Faenza.
-Antonfelice Zondadari.
-Giovanni Battista Bussi, archbishop-bishop of Ancona.
-Pier Marcellino Corradini.
-Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg, France.
-Giovanni Battista Tolomei, S.J.
-Benedetto Erba-Odescalchi, archbishop of Milan.
-Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy, bishop of Meaux, France.
-Innico Caracciolo, iuniore, bishop of Aversa.
-Bernardino Scotti.
-Giambattista Patrizi.
-Niccolò Spinola.
-Giberto Bartolomeo Borromeo.
-Giorgio Spinola.
-Cornelio Bentivoglio.
-Giovanni Francesco Barbarigo, bishop of Brescia.
-Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Orat., bishop of Cartagena, Spain.
-José Pereira de Lacerda, bishop of Faro, Portugal.
-Giovanni Battista Salerni, S.J.
-Carlos de Borja-Centelles y Ponce de León, patriarch of the West Indies.
-Ávaro Cienfuegos Villazón, S.J., bishop of Catania.
-Bernardo Maria Conti, O.S.B.Cas.
-Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros., librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
-Pietro Ottoboni.
-Giuseppe Renato Imperiali.
-Lorenzo Altieri.
-Carlo Colonna.
-Curzio Origo.
-Melchior de Polignac
-Fabio Olivieri.
-Carlo Maria Marini.
-Giulio Alberoni.
-Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros.

(1) He had to leave the conclave because of a serious illness on April 15, 1724 and died on May 5, 1724, during the sede vacante.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Galeazzo Marescotti.
-Louis-Antoine de Noailles, archbishop of Paris, France.
-Lorenzo Fieschi, archbishop of Genoa.
-Christian August von Sachsen-Zeitz, bishop of Györ, Hungary.
-Nuno da Cunha e Ataíde.
-Wolfgang Hanibal von Schrattenbach, bishop of Olomouc, Moravia.
-Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn, bishop of Speyer.
-Niccolò Caracciolo, archbishop of Capua.
-Imre Csácky, archbishop of Kalocsa and Bács, Hungary.
-Léon Potier de Gesvres, archbishop of Bourges, France.
-Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium.
-Mihály Frigyes Althan, bishop of Vác, Hungary.

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Conclave of March 5 - July 12, 1730
(Clement XII)
Fifty-four of the sixty-five cardinals participated. Cardinal Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros., who had not entered the conclave, died on March 22, 1730. Cardinal Bernardo Maria Conti, O.S.B.Cas., had an apoplexy in the conclave at 1 p.m., April 23, 1730 and died on that same day at 5:30 p.m. Cardinal Cornelio Bentivoglio presented the veto of King Felipe V of Spain against the election to the papacy of Cardinal Giuseppe Renato Imperiali, when he was one vote short of being elected. Cardinal Bentivoglio also presented the veto of King Felipe V of Spain against the election of Cardinal Antonfelice Zondadari. Cardinal Lorenzo Corsini was elected and took the name Clement XII. He succeeded Pope Benedict XIII, who died on February 21, 1730.

-Francesco Barberini, iuniore, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Francesco Pignatelli, seniore, Theat., archbishop of Naples and bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Giacomo Boncompagni, bishop of Albano.
-Pietro Ottoboni, bishop of Sabina.
-Lorenzo Corsini, bishop of Frascati. (Elected Pope Clement XII)
-Tommaso Ruffo, bishop of Palestrina.
-Giuseppe Renato Imperiali.
-Annibale Albani.
-Lodovico Pico della Mirandola.
-Gianantonio Davia.
-Antonfelice Zondadari.
-Pier Marcellino Corradini.
-Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg, Alsace.
-Curzio Origo.
-Melchior de Polignac.
-Benedetto Erba-Odescalchi, archbishop of Milan.
-Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn, bishop of Speyer, coadjutor of Konstanz (1)
-Henri-Pons de Thiard de Bissy, bishop of Meaux, France.
-Innico Caracciolo, iuniore, bishop of Aversa.
-Niccolò Spinola.
-Giberto Bartolomeo Borromeo.
-Giulio Alberoni.
-Giorgio Spinola.
-Cornelio Bentivoglio.
-Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Orat.
-Mihály Frigyes Althan, bishop of Vác, Hungary.
-Ávaro Cienfuegos Villazón, S.J., archbishop of Monreale.
-Giambattista Altieri, iuniore.
-Vincenzo Petra, prefect of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide.
-Prospero Marefoschi, vicar general of Rome.
-Niccolò Coscia, archbishop of Benevento.
-Angelo Maria Quirini, O.S.B.Cas., archbishop-bishop of Brescia.
-Niccolò Maria Lercari.
-Prospero Lambertini, archbishop-bishop of Ancona.
-Francesco Antonio Finy.
-Sigismund von Kollonitsch, archbishop of Vienna, Austria.
-Philip Ludwig von Sinzendorf, bishop of Györ, Hungary.
-Vincenzo Ludvico Gotti, O.P.
-Leandro di Porzia, O.S.B.Cas., bishop of Bergamo (2).
-Pierluigi Carafa, iuniore.
-Giuseppe Accoramboni, archbishop-bishop of Imola.
-Camillo Cibo.
-Francesco Borghese.
-Carlo Vincenzo Ferreri, O.P., bishop of Vercelli.
-Alamanno Salviati.
-Lorenzo Altieri.
-Carlo Colonna.
-Fabio Olivieri, secretary of Briefs.
-Carlo Maria Marini, legate in Romagna.
-Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros.
-Alessandro Falconieri.
-Niccolò del Giudice.
-Antonio Banchieri.
-Carlo Collicola.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Agostino Cusani, bishop of Pavia.
-Nuno da Cunha e Ataíde.
-Wolfgang Hanibal von Schrattenbach, bishop of Olomouc, Moravia.
-Imre Csácky, archbishop of Kalocsa and Bács, Hungary.
-Carlos de Borja-Centelles y Ponce de León, patriarch of the West Indies.
-Léon Potier de Gesvres.
-Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium.
-José Pereira de Lacerda, bishop of Faro, Portugal.
-André Hercule de Fleury, prime counselor of state of France.
-Diego de Astorga y Céspedes, archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
-João da Mota e Silva.
-Leandro di Porzia, O.S.B.Cas., bishop of Bergamo.

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The following cardinals died during the sede vacante:
-Benedetto Pamphilj, O.S.Io.Hieros. (+ March 22, 1730).
-Bernardo Maria Conti, O.S.B.Cas. (+ April 23, 1730).

(1) He had to leave the conclave due to illness on July 1, 1730; he was absent when the new pope was elected on the following July 12.
(2) He was absent because of illness from April 24 to 30; and from June 21 to July 11.

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Conclave of February 18 - August 17, 1740
(Benedict XIV)
There were sixty-eight cardinals at the death of Pope Clement XII on February 6, 1740. Fifty-one of them took part in the final ballot. Four died during the sede vacante. Cardinal Troiano Acquaviva d'Aragona presented the veto of King Felipe V of Spain against the election of Cardinal Pier Marcellino Corradini. Cardinal Prospero Lambertini was elected and took the name Benedict XIV.

-Pietro Ottoboni, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, secretary of the S.C. of the Holy Office (1).
-Tommaso Ruffo, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Annibale Albani, bishop of Sabina.
-Giambattista Altieri, iuniore, bishop of Palestrina. (2)
-Lodovico Pico della Mirandola, bishop of Albano.
-Pier Marcellino Corradini, bishop of Frascati.
-Armand-Gaston-Maximilien de Rohan, bishop of Strasbourg, Alsace.
-Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium.
-Luis Antonio Belluga y Moncada, Orat.. (3)
-Vincenzo Petra.
-Niccolò Coscia.
-Angelo Maria Quirini, O.S.B.Cas., bishop of Brescia.
-Francesco Antonio Finy.
-Prospero Lambertini, archbishop of Bologna. (Elected Pope Benedict XIV)
-Niccolò Maria Lercari.
-Sigismund von Kollonitsch, archbishop of Vienna, Austria.
-Philip Ludwig von Sinzendorf, bishop of Györ, Hungary.
-Vincenzo Ludvico Gotti, O.P.
-Leandro Porzia, O.S.B.Cas., bishop of Bergamo. (4)
-Pierluigi Carafa, iuniore.
-Giuseppe Accoramboni.
-Camillo Cibo.
-Francesco Borghese.
-Carlo Vincenzo Ferreri, O.P., bishop of Vercelli.
-Bartolomeo Massei.
-Vincenzo Bichi.
-Giuseppe Firrao, archbishop-bishop of Aversa.
-Antonio Saverio Gentili.
-Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, O.C.D., bishop of Arezzo.
-Troiano Acquaviva d'Aragona.
-Domenico Riviera.
-Marcello Passeri.
-Pompeio Aldrovandi.
-Pietro Maria Pieri, O.S.M.
-Giacomo Lanfredini.
-Giuseppe Spinelli, archbishop of Naples.
-Henri-Osvald de la Tour d'Auvergne de Bouillon, archbishop of Vienne, France.
-Raniero D'Elci, archbishop of Ferrara.
-Carlo Rezzonico, seniore.
-Domenico Passionei.
-Silvio Valenti Gonzaga, legate in Bologna.
-Gaetano Stampa, archbishop of Milan.
-Pierre-Guérin de Tencin, archbishop of Embrun, France.
-Carlo Maria Marini.
-Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros.
-Niccolò del Giudice.
-Neri Maria Corsini.
-Bartolomeo Ruspoli.
-Agapito Mosca.
-Giovanni Battista Spinola.
-Marcellino Corio.
-Prospero Colonna.
-Carlo Maria Sacripante.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Lorenzo Altieri.
-Nuno da Cunha e Ataíde.
-Melchior de Polignac.
-Benedetto Erba-Odescalchi.
-Giulio Alberoni.
-Léon Potier de Gesvres.
-Damian Hugo Philipp von Schönborn, bishop of Speyer and Konstanz.
-André Hercule de Fleury, prime counselor of state of France.
-João da Mota e Silva.
-Luis Antonio Jaime de Borbón y Farnesio, royal infant of Spain.
-Joseph Dominicus von Lamberg, bishop of Passau.
-Tomás de Almeida, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal.
-Gaspar de Molina y Oviedo, O.E.S.A., bishop of Málaga, Spain.
-Jan Aleksander Lipski, bishop of Krákow, Poland.

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The following cardinals died during the sede vacante:
-Pietro Ottoboni, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, secretary of the S.C. of the Holy Office. (+ February 29, 1740).
-Giambattista Altieri, iuniore, bishop of Palestrina. (+ March 13, 1740).
-Leandro di Porzia, O.S.B.Cas. (+ June 2, 1740).
-Serafino Cenci, archbishop of Benevento. (+ June 24, 1740).

(1) Became ill and left the conclave on February 25, 1740. Died February 29.
(2) Died in conclave on March 13, 1740.
(3) Exited the conclave because of illness on March 8, 1740; reentered on March 24.
(4) Left the conclave on May 10, 1740, because of illness; and died a month later, June 10, near sunset, in his Roman palace.

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Conclave of May 15 - July 6, 1758
(Clement XIII)

At the death of Pope Benedict XIV on May 3, 1758, there were fifty-five cardinals. Forty-five participated in the conclave, while forty-four were present at the last ballot. King Louis XV of France presented a veto against the election of Cardinal Carlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini. Cardinal Carlo Rezzonico, seniore, was elected and took the name Clement XIII.

-Raniero D'Elci, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Giovanni Antonio Guadagni, O.C.D., bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Francesco Borghese, bishop of Albano.
-Giuseppe Spinelli, bishop of Palestrina.
-Carlo Maria Sacripante, bishop of Frascati.
-Joaquín Fernández Portocarrero, bishop of Sabina.
-Carlo Rezzonico, seniore, bishop of Padua. (Elected Pope Clement XIII)
-Domenico Passionei, librarian of the Holy Roman Church, secretary of Briefs.
-Camillo Paolucci.
-Carlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini, prefect of the S.C. of Bishops and Regulars.
-Giacomo Oddi, archbishop-bishop of Viterbo e Toscanella.
-Federico Marcello Lante, president of the territory of Bagnaia.
-Marcello Crescenzi, archbishop of Ferrara.
-Giorgio Doria, prefect of the S.C. of Good Government.
-Giuseppe Pozzobonelli, archbishop of Milan.
-Girolamo Bardi. (1)
-Fortunato Tamburini, O.S.B.Cas., prefect of the S.C. of Rites.
-Daniele Delfino, patriarch-archbishop of Udine.
-Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze, titular archbishop of Nicosia.
-Henry Benedict Mary Clement Stuart of York, archpriest of the patriarchal Vatican basilica and prefect of the Reverend Fabric of St. Peter's.
-Giuseppe Maria Feroni.
-Fabrizio Serbelloni, legate in Bologna.
-Giovanni Francesco Stoppani, legate in Romagna.
-Luca Melchiore Tempi.
-Carlo Francesco Durini, archbishop-bishop of Pavia e Amasea.
-Cosimo Imperiali.
-Vincenzo Malvezzi, archbishop of Bologna.
-Clemente Argenvilliers, prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council.
-Antonio Andrea Galli, Can. Reg. Lat.
-Antonino Sersale, archbishop of Naples.
-Alberico Archinto.
-Giovanni Battista Rovero, archbishop of Turin.
-Paul d'Albert de Luynes, archbishop of Sens, France.
-Étienne-René Potier de Gesvres, bishop of Beauvais, France.
-Franz Konrad Kasimir Ignaz von Rodt, bishop of Konstanz, Germany.
-Alessando Albani.
-Neri Maria Corsini, archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica and secretary of the Holy Office.
-Agapito Mosca.
-Girolamo Colonna di Sciarra, camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.
-Prospero Colonna de Sciarra.
-Domenico Orsini d'Aragona.
-Giovanni Francesco Albani.
-Flavio Chigi, iuniore.
-Giovanni Francesco Banchieri, legate in Ferrara.
-Luigi Maria Torrigiani.

(1) Left the conclave on June 24, 1758.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Thomas Philippe Wallrad d'Hénin-Liétard d'Alsace-Boussu de Chimay, archbishop of Mechlin, Belgium.
-Joseph Dominicus von Lamberg, bishop of Passau, Germany.
-Johannes Theodor von Bayern, bishop of Liège, Belgium, administrator of Freising and Ratisbon, Germany.
-Álvaro Eugenio Mendoza Caamaño y Sotomayor, patriarch of the West Indies, Spain.
-Giovanni Battista Mesmer. (1)
-José Manoel da Câmara, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal. (2)
-Luis Antonio Fernández de Córdoba, archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
-Nicholas de Saulx-Tavannes, archbishop of Rouen, France.
-Francisco de Solís Folch de Cardona, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain.
-Francisco de Saldanha da Gama.

(1) In Rome but prevented from participating because of illness.
(2) Died in Atalaia, near Lisbon, on July 9, 1758, three days after the election of Clement XIII.

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Conclave of February 15 - May 19, 1769
(Clement XIV)

At the death of Pope Clement XIII on February 2, 1769, there were fifty-seven cardinals. Forty-six of them participated in the conclave. France presented the veto against the election of Cardinal Simone Buonaccorsi. Cardinal Lorenzo Ganganelli, O.F.M.Conv., was elected and took the name Clement XIV.

-Carlo Alberto Guidobono Cavalchini, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, datary of His Holiness.
-Federico Marcello Lante, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, subdean of the Sacred College of Cardinals, prefect of the S.C. of the Good Government, legate in the territory of Bagnaia.
-Giovanni Francesco Albani, bishop of Sabina.
-Henry Benedict Mary Clement Stuart of York, bishop of Frascati, vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church.
-Fabrizio Serbelloni, bishop of Albano.
-Giovanni Francesco Stoppani, bishop of Palestrina, legate in Romagna.
-Giuseppe Pozzobonelli, archbishop of Milan.
-Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze, titular archbishop of Nicosia.
-Vincenzo Malvezzi, archbishop of Bologna.
-Antonino Sersale, archbishop of Naples.
-Francisco de Solís Folch de Cardona, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain.
-Paul d'Albert de Luynes, archbishop of Sens, France.
-Carlo Rezzonico, iuniore, camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church.
-Antonio Marino Priuli, bishop of Vincenza.
-François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, archbishop of Albi, France.
-Ferdinando Maria de Rossi, prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council.
-Girolamo Spinola, legate in Ferrara, legate before future Queen Maria Carolina of Naples.
-Giuseppe Maria Castelli, prefect of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide.
-Gaetano Fantuzzi.
-Pietro Girolamo Guglielmi.
-Pietro Paolo Conti.
-Lorenzo Ganganelli, O.F.M.Conv. (Elected Pope Clement XIV)
-Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore, vicar general of Rome and its district.
-Buenaventura de Córdoba Espínola de la Cerda, patriarch of the West Indies, Spain.
-Giovanni Molino, bishop of Brescia.
-Simone Buonaccorsi.
-Giovanni Ottavio Bufalini, bishop of Ancona.
-Giovanni Carlo Boschi.
-Ludovico Calini.
-Antonio Branciforte Colonna, president of Urbino.
-Lazzaro Opizio Pallavicini, legate in Bologna.
-Vitaliano Borromeo, legate in Romandiola.
-Pietro Colonna Pamphili.
-Urbano Paracciani, archbishop of Fermo.
-Filippo Maria Pirelli.
-Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros., librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
-Neri Maria Corsini, archpriest of the patriarchal Lateran basilica, secretary of the Holy Office.
-Domenico Orsini d'Aragona.
-Flavio Chigi, iuniore, prefect of the S.C. of Rites.
-Luigi Maria Torregiani, secretary of State.
-Giovanni Costanzo Caracciolo.
-Niccolò Perelli.
-Andrea Corsini.
-Andrea Negroni.
-Saverio Canali.
-Benedetto Veterani.

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The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Giacomo Oddi, archbishop-bishop of Viterbo e Toscanella.
-Carlo Francesco Durini, archbishop-bishop of Pavia e Amasea.
-Luis Antonio Fernández de Córdoba, archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
-Étienne-René Potier de Gesvres, bishop of Beauvais, France.
-Franz Konrad Kasimir Ignaz von Rodt, bishop of Konstanz, Germany.
-Francisco de Saldanha da Gama, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal.
-Christoph Anton von Migazzi, archbishop of Vienna, Austria.
-Antoine Clériadus de Choiseul de Beaupré, archbishop of Besançon, France.
-Jean-François-Joseph Rochechouart de Faudoas, bishop of Laon, France.
-Franz Christoph von Hutten zu Stolzenfels, bishop of Speyer, Germany.
-Louis-César-Constantin de Rohan-Guéménée-Montbazon, bishop of Strasbourg, France.

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Conclave of October 5, 1774 - February 15, 1775
(Pius VI)

Forty-four of the fifty-five cardinals participated. Eleven were absent entirely from the election, including two who died while it was in progress. The Bourbon courts expressed their oppostion to the election to the papacy of Cardinal Giovanni Carlo Boschi. Cardinal Giovanni Angelo Braschi was elected and took the name Pius VI. He succeeded Pope Clement XIV, who died on September 22, 1774.

-Fabrizio Serbelloni, bishop of Ostia e Velletri, dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Giovanni Francesco Albani, bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina, sub-dean of the Sacred College of Cardinals.
-Henry Benedict Mary Clement Stuart of York, bishop of Frascati.
-Carlo Rezzonico, iuniore, bishop of Sabina.
-François-Joachim de Pierre de Bernis, bishop of Albano, administrator of Albi.
-Carlo Vittorio Amedeo delle Lanze.
-Vincenzo Malvezzi, archbishop of Bologna, datary of His Holiness.
-Antonino Sersale, archbishop of Naples.
-Francisco de Solís Folch de Cardona, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain.
-Paul d'Albert de Luynes, archbishop of Sens, France.
-Girolamo Spinola, legate before future Queen Maria Carolina of Naples.
-Giuseppe Maria Castelli, prefect of the S.C. of Propaganda Fide.
-Gaetano Fantuzzi.
-Marcantonio Colonna, iuniore, vicar general of Rome and its district.
-Andrea Corsini.
-Christoph Anton von Migazzi, archbishop of Vienna, Austria.
-Simone Buonaccorsi.
-Giovanni Ottavio Bufalini, bishop of Ancona.
-Giovanni Carlo Boschi.
-Ludovico Calini, prefect of the S.C. of Indulgences and Sacred Relics.
-Antonio Branciforte Colonna, legate in Bologna.
-Lazzaro Opizio Pallavicini, secretary of State.
-Vitaliano Borromeo, legate in Romandiola.
-Pietro Colonna Pamphili.
-Urbano Paracciani, archbishop of Fermo.
-Mario Marefoschi.
-Scipione Borghese, legate in Ferrara.
-Antonio Eugenio Visconti.
-Bernardino Giraud, archbishop of Ferrara.
-Innocenzo Conti.
-Gennaro Antonio de Simone.
-Francesco Carafa.
-Francesco Saverio de Zelada.
-Giovanni Angelo Braschi. (Elected Pope Pius VI)
-Francesco D'Elci.
-Alessandro Albani, O.S.Io.Hieros., librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
-Domenico Orsini d'Aragona.
-Luigi Maria Torregiani.
-Giovanni Costanzo Caracciolo.
-Andrea Negroni, secretary of Briefs.
-Benedetto Veterani.
-Giovanni Battista Rezzonico.
-Antonio Casali, prefect of the S.C. of the Good Government.
-Pasquale Acquaviva d'Aragona.

The following cardinals did not participate in the conclave:
-Giuseppe Pozzobonelli, archbishop of Milan.
-Franz Konrad Kasimir Ignaz von Rodt, bishop of Konstanz, Germany.
-Francisco de Saldanha da Gama, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal.
-Buenaventura de Córdoba Espínola de la Cerda, patriarch of the West Indies, Spain.
-Jean-François-Joseph Rochechouart de Faudoas, bishop of Laon, France.
-Louis-César-Constantin de Rohan-Guéménée-Montbazon, bishop of Strasbourg, France.
-João Cosme da Cunha, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, archbishop of Evora, Portugal.
-Charles-Antoine de La Roche-Aymon, archbishop of Reims, France.
-Leopold Ernest von Firmian, bishop of Passau, Germany.
-Giovanni Francesco Stoppani, bishop of Palestrina. (+ November 18, 1774)
-Ferdinando Maria de Rossi, prefect of the S.C. of the Tridentine Council. (+ February 4, 1775)

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