The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Consistories for the creation of cardinals
12th Century (1099-1198)

Paschal II (1099-1118) [Antipope] Theodoric (1100-1101) [Antipope] Albert (1101) [Antipope] Sylvester IV (1105-1111) Gelasius II (1118-1119)
[Antipope] Gregory VIII (1118-1121) Callistus II (1119-1124) Celestine II (1124) Honorius II (1124-1130) Innocent II (1130-1143)
[Antipope] Anacletus II (1130-1138) [Antipope] Victor IV (1138) Celestine II (1143-1144) Lucius II (1144-1145) Eugenius III (1145-1153)
Anastasius IV (1153-1154) Adrian IV(1154-1159) Alexander III (1159-1181) [Antipope] Victor IV (1159-1164) [Antipope] Paschal III (1164-1168)
[Antipope] Callistus III (1168-1178) [Antipope] Innocent III (1179-1180) Lucius III (1181-1185)
Urban III (1185-1187) Gregory VIII (1187) Clement III (1187-1191) Celestine III (1191-1198)
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Paschal II (1099-1118)

1099 (I)
(1) 1. Crisogono (title of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane). + ca. 1105.
(2) 2. Giovanni, O.S.B., abbot of S. Paolo, Rome (title of S. Maria in Trastevere). + ca. 1106.
(3) 3. Amico, O.S.B.Cas., abbot of S. Vincenzo al Volturno, Capua (title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo). + ca. 1122.
(4) 4. Gregorio Gaetani (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). + ca. 1112.
(5) 5. Guido, O.S.B. (title of S. Balbina). + ca. 1120.
(6) 6. Ugo (title of S. Vitale). + ca. 1122.
(7) 7. Pandolfo, O.S.B.Cas. (title is not known). + ca. 1134.
(8) 8. Ulrich (title is not known). + (?).
(9) 9. Antonio, superior of the monastery of S. Pietro iuxta Tritanum flumen (title is not known). + ca. 1135 (?).
(10) 10. Berardo (deaconry of S. Adriano). + November 3, 1130. (1)
(11) 11. Romano (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + May 1135.
(12) 12. Bobone (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + ca. 1117.
(13) 13. Gualon, O.S.B.Clun. (deaconry is not known). + 1114 (?).
(14) 14. Gregorio, O.S.B., abbot of Ss. Andrea e Gregorio in clivo Scauri, Rome (deacon of S. Eustachio). + After December 14, 1134.
(15) 15. Docibilo (deaconry is not known). + (?).

(1) In Marsi, he was venerated both in life and after his death because of the miracles that he performed. Pope Pius VII confirmed his veneration as a blessed on May 10, 1802. He is the patron saint of the diocese of Marsi, where his body is kept.

1100 (II)
(16) 1. Pietro (bishop of Porto). + (?).
(17) 2. Agostino (title of Ss. Quattro Coronati). + (?).
(18) 3. Romano (title of S. Prisca). + ca. 1115.
(19) 4. Teobaldo (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + (?).
(20) 5. Pietro Modoliense (title of S. Sisto). + ca. 1117.
(21) 6. Pietro, O.S.B.Cas. (deaconry of S. Adriano al Foro). + 1122.
(22) 7. Giovanni (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1118.
(23) 8. Gualterio (deaconry is not known). + (?).

1101 (III)
(24) 1. Riccardo, O.S.B. (bishop of Albano).+ ca. 1114.

1102 (IV)
(25) 1. Crescenzio, seniore (bishop of Sabina). + 1106.
(26) 2. Domnizzone (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + ca. 1122.
(27) 3. Teobaldo (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + Shortly after May 25, 1121.

1104 (V)
(28) 1. Gualon (title is not known). + February 23, 1116.
(29) 2. Ubaldo (deaconry is not known). + (?).

1105 (VI)
(30) 1. Corrado (bishop of Palestrina). + October 22, 1106.
(31) 2. Leone, O.S.B.Cas. (bishop of Velletri or Ostia)+ Before 1117.
(32) 3. Bonifacio (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + (?).
(33) 4. Desiderio (title of S. Prassede). + After June 21, 1138.
(34) 5. Domnizzone (title of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane). + Before 1117.
(35) 6. Guy (title of S. Crisogono). + Shortly after 1106.
(36) 7. Giovanni (title of S. Pudenziana). + ca. 1113.
(37) 8. Vitale (title of S. Sabina). + Before 1112.
(38) 9. Ascanio (title of S. Clemente). + ca. 1112.
(39) 10. Ugo d'Alatri (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + At the end of 1121 or in 1122.
(40) 11. Bosone (deaconry is not known). + After December 18, 1118.

1106 (VII)
(41) 1. Cinzio (bishop of Sabina). + After 1112 or in 1116.
(42) 2. Vincenzo (bishop of Porto). + Before 1116.
(43) 3. Gezo (title of S. Susanna). + ca. 1112.
(44) 4. Errico (title of S. Maria in Trastevere). + ca. 1112.
(45) 5. Roscemanno Sanseverino, O.S.B.Cas. (deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + Shortly after September 4, 1128.
(46) 6. Pietro Pierleoni, O.S.B.Clun. (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). (1)

(1) Elected Antipope Anacletus II on February 14, 1130. Excommunicated by Pope Innocent II in the Council of Reims on October 18, 1131. Died on January 25, 1138. Buried in the patriarchal Lateran basilica, Rome.

1107 (VIII)
(47) 1. Giovanni (title of S. Cecilia). + ca. 1120.
(48) 2. Gregorio, papal secretary (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + ca. 1119.
(49) 3. Leone (deaconry is not known). + Before 1118.

1108 (IX)
(50) 1. Kuno von Urach, Can. Reg. of Arrouaise (bishop of Palestrina). + 1122.

1112 (X)
(51) 1. Manfredo (bishop of Frascati). + 1115.
(52) 2. Ugo Visconti, papal chaplain (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). + At the end of 1121.
(53) 3. Uberto (title of S. Sabina). + ca. 1117.
(54) 4. Gregorio (title of S. Crisogono). + Shortly after signing the investiture privilege in 1113.
(55) 5. Pietro Gherardesca, papal secretary, auditor of the Sacred Palace, priest in the pontifical sacellum (title of S. Marcello). + March 1144.
(56) 6. Anastasio (title of S. Clemente). + At the end of 1125.
(57) 7. Niccolò (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + ca. 1117.
(58) 8. Pietro (title of S. Maria in Trastevere). + ca. 1120.
(59) 9. Oderisio, O.S.B.Cas., deacon at the patriarchal Lateran basilica (deaconry of S. Agata alla Suburra). + August 28, 1126.
(60) 10. Romualdo Guarna (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + January 21, 1136.
(61) 11. Crescenzio, papal secretary (deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica). + ca. 1140.

1113 (XI)
(62) 1. Adeodato (title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso). + After April 19, 1129.
(63) 2. Corrado (title of S. Pudenziana). + ca. 1130.
(64) 3. Gionata (title is not known). + (?).
(65) 4. Teodoro (title of S. Crisogono). + ca. 1117.
(66) 5. Gregorio (deaconry is not known). + (?).

1114 (XII)
(67) 1. Anastasio (bishop of Albano). + ca. 1115.
(68) 2. Bonifacio (title of S. Marco). + ca. 1129/1130.
(69) 3. Giovanni, O.S.B.Cas. (title of S. Eusebio). + At the beginning of 1125.
(70) 4. Teobaldo (title of S. Anastasia). + At the beginning of 1116.

1115 (XIII)
(71) 1. Leone (bishop of Albano). + 1115.
(72) 2. Vitale (bishop of Albano). + Shortly after March 28, 1126.
(73) 3. Divizzo (bishop of Frascati). + Few days after November 10, 1121.
(74) 4. Gerardo, monk in the monastery of Palladio, Forum de Nerva, Rome (title of S. Prisca). + ca. 1120.
(75) 5. Leone, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Clemente (deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto). + Shortly after March 24, 1116.
(76) 6. Giovanni (deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + ca. 1120.

1116 (XIV)
(77) 1. Crescenzio, iuniore (bishop of Sabina). + ca. 1127.
(78) 2. Pietro, seniore (bishop of Porto). + December 7, 1134.
(79) 3. Bosone (title of S. Anastasia). + 1122.
(80) 4. Pietro (deaconry is not known). + (?).

1117 (XV)
(81) 1. Lamberto (bishop of Velletri). + (?).
(82) 2. Sasso (title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio). + Middle of 1136.
(83) 3. Giovanni da Crema (title of S. Crisogono). + ca. 1135.
(84) 4. Rainerio (title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro). + 1121.
(85) 5. Bosone (title of Ss. Quattro Coronati). + (?).
(86) 6. Crisogono (title of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane). + ca. 1122.
(87) 7. Sigizzone, iuniore (title of S. Sisto). + (?).
(88) 8. Teobaldo (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + ca. 1124.
(89) 9. Pietro (title of S. Marcello). + after 1118.
(90) 10. Amico, O.S.B.Cas., iuniore, abbot of the monastery of S. Lorenzo fuori le Mura, Rome (deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto nel Macello dei Martire). + 1122.
(91) 11. Crisogono Malcondini, vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere). + ca. 1123.
(92) 12. Errico, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of Mazzara (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + (?).

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[Antipope] Theodoric (1100-1101)

Antipope Theodoric was elected in September 1100 and deposed in January 1101. Died in 1102 in the Benedictine monastery of Ssma. Trinità, La Cava, Salerno, where he had become a monk. He was buried in the community cemetery. The tombstone with his name and the date of his death is still preserved. No information found about creation of pseudocardinals.

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[Antipope] Albert (1101)

Antipope Albert was elected in February 1101 and deposed shortly after. He was confined to the Benedictine monastery of S. Lorenzo, Aversa, near Naples; and lived there as a monk the rest of his life. The date of his death is unknown. No information found about creation of pseudocardinals.

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[Antipope] Sylvester IV (1105-1111)

Antipope Sylvester IV was elected on November 18, 1105. Resigned and promised to make his submission to Pope Paschal II on April 12, 1111. The date of his death is not known. No information found about creation of pseudocardinals.

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Gelasius II (1118-1119)

March 10, 1118 (I)
(1) 1. Pietro Ruffo (deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin). + ca. 1120.

1118 (II)
(1) 2. Pietro (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere). + ca. 1120.
(2) 3. Crisogono (deaconry not known). + (?)

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[Antipope] Gregory VIII (1118-1121)

Antipope Gregory VIII was elected on March 8, 1118. Deposed in April 1121. He died in the Benedictine monastery of SS. Trinità de La Cava, Salerno, in 1137. No information found about creation of pseudocardinals.

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Callistus II (1119-1124)

1119 (I)
(1) 1. Gregorio Albergati (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + ca. 1126.
(2) 2. Regnier (deaconry is not known). + (?).

January 1120 (II)
(3) 1. Pierre de Fontaines (title of S. Marcello). + ca. 1140. (1)
(4) 2. Roberto (title of S. Sabina). + 1122.
(5) 3. Adoaldo (title of S. Balbina). + ca. 1124.
(6) 4. Étienne de Bar (deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin). + December 29, 1163. (1)
(7) 5. Pons de Melgueil, O.S.B. Clun. (deaconry is not known). + December 28, 1125 or December 29, 1126.
(8) 6. Baialardo (deaconry is not known). + After April 1130 and before 1144.

(1) His name is inscribed in a Benedictine martyrology and his feast is on December 29.

December 1120 (III)
(9) 1. Gregorio (title of S. Prisca). + Shortly after May 25, 1121.
(10) 2. Aymery de la Châtre, Can. Reg. Lat. (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + Probably on May 28, 1141.
(11) 3. Stefano (deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica). + ca. 1122.
(12) 4. Gionata, iuniore (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + (?).
(13) 5. Gerardo (deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + Shortly after April 10, 1129.
(14) 6. Gualtiero (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + At the end of 1121 or before 1125.
(15) 7. Gregorio (deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto). + Before the election of Innocent II on February 14, 1130.

1120 (IV)
(16) 1. Luigi Lucidi (title of S. Clemente). + (?).
(17) 2. Atto (title is not known). + (?).

December 1121 (V)
(18) 1. Gilles de Paris, O.S.B.Clun. (bishop of Frascati). + Shortly after March 1, 1139.
(19) 2. Roberto (title of S. Eusebio). + Shortly after April 6, 1123 or before 1127.
(20) 3. Pietro (title of S. Prisca). + 1122.

1121 (VI)
(21) 1. Gregorio (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + (?).

December 1122 (VII)
(22) 1. Guillaume (bishop of Palestrina). + No later than December 22, 1139.
(23) 2. Teobaldo Boccapecora (title of S. Anastasia). (1)
(24) 3. Gerardo Caccianemici dell'Orso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme). (2)
(25) 4. Pietro (title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo). + ca. 1128.
(26) 5. Gregorio Conti (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). (3)
(27) 6. Pietro Cariaceno (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + ca. 1138.
(28) 7. Giovanni Dauferio (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere). + ca. 1135.
(29) 8. Gregorio Tarquini (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + Between June 17 and September 21, 1145.
(30) 9. Uberto (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + ca. 1125.
(31) 10. Matteo (deaconry of S. Adriano). + ca. 1126.
(32) 11. Gregorio (deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + ca. 1130.
(33) 12. Angelo (deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica). + (?).

(1) Elected Pope Celestine II on December 15 or 16, 1124. Resigned the following day in favor of Honorius II to avoid a schism. The date of his death is uncertain. Since he was not consecrated or enthroned, his name does not appear in the list of popes.
(2) Elected Pope Lucius II on March 9, 1144. Died on February 15, 1145.
(3) Elected Antipope Victor IV mid-March 1138. Resigned on March 29 thanks to the intervention of St. Bernard de Clairvaux. Made his submission to Innocent II, who reinstated him to his cardinalitial dignity on May 29, 1138 together with the other cardinals who had followed him. Died ca. 1140.

1123 (VIII)
(34) 1. Johannes (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + ca. 1125.
(35) 2. Ugo Lectifredo (title of S. Vitale). + At the end of 1140.

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Celestine II (1124)

Pope Celestine II was elected on December 15/16, 1124. Resigned the following day in favor of Honorius II to avoid a schism. He did not receive the episcopal consecration and was not enthroned. His name does not appear in the chronology of popes. The date of his death is uncertain.

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Honorius II (1124-1130)

1124 (I)
(1) 1. Guido (bishop of Tivoli). + Before 1148.

1125 (II)
(2) 1. Gregorio (title of S. Balbina). + (?).
(3) 2. Uberto Ratta (title of S. Clemente). + ca. 1138.
(4) 3. Alberico Tomacelli (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + ca. 1130.
(5) 4. Rodolfo degli Armanni della Staffa (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + 1140.
(6) 5. Stefano (deaconry of S. Lucia in Silice). + Soon after July 1137.
(7) 6. Ugo Geremei (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + ca. 1129.
(8) 7. Cosma (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + Shortly after February 6, 1126.
(9) 8. Pietro dei Garsendi (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + Before December 1127.

1126 (III)
(10) 1. Mathieu, O.S.B.Clun. (bishop of Albano). + December 25, 1135. (1)
(11) 2. Giovanni, O.S.B.Cam., abbot general of his order (bishop of Ostia). + At the end of 1133.
(12) 3. Sigizzo Bianchelli, iuniore (title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro). + (?).
(13) 4. Gregorio (title of S. Sabina). + ca. 1137.
(14) 5. Matteo (title of S. Pietro in Vincoli). + 1137 or 1138.
(15) 6. Anselmo, Can. Reg. of S. Pietro in Caelo aureo (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + Before September 1143.
(16) 7. Pierre (title of S. Anastasia). + ca. 1134.
(17) 8. Gian Roberto Capizucchi (title of S. Cecilia). + (?).

(1) Inscribed as a blessed in the Benedictine and Gallican martyrologies.

1127 (IV)
(18) 1. Corrado di Suburra, Can. Reg. Lat. (bishop of Sabina). (1)
(19) 2. Bennone de' Cocliti. + ca. 1141 (?) (title is not known).
(20) 3. Guido di Castello (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). (2)
(21) 4. Pierre (deaconry of S. Adriano). + Shortly after April 24, 1130.

(1) Elected Pope Anastasius IV on July 8, 1153. Died on December 3, 1154.
(2) Elected Pope Celestine II on September 26, 1143. Died on March 8, 1144.

1128 (V)
(22) 1. Joselmo (title of S. Cecilia). + ca. 1138.
(23) 2. Rustico (title of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane). + Before 1142.
(24) 3. Rustico de' Rustici (deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + Shortly after February 1130.

1129 (VI)
(25) 1. Errico (title of S. Prisca). + (?).
(26) 2. Gerardo (title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo). + (?).
(27) 3. Matteo (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + ca. 1130.

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Innocent II (1130-1143)

1130 (I)
(1) 1. Badouin, O.Cist. (title of S. Maria in Trastevere). + October 6, 1145. (1)
(2) 2. Pietro (title of S. Marco). + Shortly after April 3, 1130.
(3) 3. Stanzio (title of S. Susanna). + Before December 17, 1143.
(4) 4. Luc, O.Cist. (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). At the end of 1140.
(5) 5. Adinolfo, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Maria de Farfa (title is not known). + Before 1153.
(6) 6. Innocenzo Savelli (title of S. Marco). + ca. 1133.
(7) 7. Gregorio (title of S. Prisca). + ca. 1138.
(8) 8. Siro (title or deaconry is not known). + September 30, 1163.
(9) 9. Azzone degli Atti (deaconry is not known). + At the end of 1139.
(10) 10. Odone Fattiboni (deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + Before December 21, 1162.
(11) 11. Gaymer (deacon of S. Eustachio). + Before 1134.
(12) 13. Guido da Vico (deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + August 15, 1150.
(13) 13. Guido, cleric of the Lateran Basilica (deacon of S. Adriano). + Shortly after June 21, 1138.
(14) 14. Guido (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1145.
(15) 15. Alberto Teodoli (deacon of S. Teodoro). + ca. 1155.
(16) 16. Silvano (deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + ca. 1142.
(17) 17. Vassalo (deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro). + Shortly after April 25, 1142 or in 1143.
(18) 18. Lucio Boezio, O.S.B.Vall. (deacon of Ss. Vito e Modesto). + ca. 1144.
(19) 19. Vitale Savelli (deacon of S. Agata in Suburra). + (?)

(1) Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian Martyrology.

1132 (II)
(20) 1. Martino, O.Cist. (tilte of S. Stefano a Monte Celio). + 1143. (1)

(1) Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian and Gallican martyrologies.

1133 (III)
(21) 1. Pietro, O.S.B.Cas., abbot of S. Apollinare, Rome (bishop of Ostia). + March 8, 1134.
(22) 2. Ubaldo da Lunata (title is not known). + ca. 1144.
(23) 3. Angelo (title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso). + (?).
(24) 4. Guido (title is not known). + (?).
(25) 5. Ubaldo (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + ca. March 1144.

1134 (IV)
(26) 1. Drogon, O.S.B. (bishop of Ostia). + At the beginning of 1138.
(27) 2. Theodwin, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine (bishop of Porto and Silva Candida). + 1153.
(28) 3. Stefano (deaconry of S. Eustachio). 1134. + (?).
(29) 4. Gregorio Papareschi, iuniore (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + ca. 1141.
(30) 5. Chrysogone, O.S.B. (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + Shortly after April 11, 1144.
(31) 6. Gerardo (deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica). + ca. 1145.
(32) 7. Pietro (deaconry is not known). + (?).

1135 (V)
(33) 1. Ugo (bishop of Albano). + January 1136.
(34) 2. Griffone (title of S. Pudenziana). + After June 2, 1152.
(35) 3. Yves, Can. Reg. of Saint-Victor of Paris (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + ca. 1139.

1136 (VI)
(36) 1. Alberto (bishop of Albano). + Before February 26, 1143.
(37) 2. Bernardo (titleof S. Crisogono). + ca. 1138.

1137 (VII)
(38) 1. Stanzio (title of S. Sabina). + At the beginning of 1143.
(39) 2. Cosma (title of S. Pietro in Vincoli). + Before 1158.

1138 (VIII)
(40) 1. Albéric, O.S.B.Clun., abbot of the monastery of Vézelay (bishop of Ostia). + November 20, 1148.
(41) 2. Guido Bellagi (title of S. Crisogono). + Before March 14, 1158.
(42) 3. Gregorio (title of of S. Maria in Trastevere). + 1155.
(43) 4. Raniero (title of S. Prisca). + Mid-1146.
(44) 5. Matteo (title of of Equitii or Ss. Silvestro e Martino). + A few days after January 25, 1139.
(45) 6. Goizzone (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1146.
(46) 7. Ottaviano de' Monticelli, rector of Benevento (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere) . + April 20, 1164. (1)
(47) 8. Ribaldo, canon of the cathedral chapter of Piacenza (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + At the end of 1139.
(48) 9. Ubaldo (deaconry of S. Adriano). + Shortly after May 21, 1141.

(1) Elected Antipope Victor IV on September 7, 1159. Excommunicated by Pope Alexander III in 1162 and 1163. Died on April 20, 1164. He never reconciled with the legitimate pope.

1139 (IX)
(49) 1. Hugh de Saint-Victor, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, prior of the monastery of Saint-Victor, Paris (bishop of Frascati). + February 11, 1140 (or 1141 or 1142). (1)
(50) 2. Étienne, O.Cist. (bishop of Palestrina). + May 17, 1144. (2)
(51) 3. Egmondo (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino). + ca. 1145.
(52) 4. Presbitero (title of S. Pudenziana). + At the beginning of 1140.
(53) 5. Rabaldo (title of S. Anastasia). + May 10, 1142.
(54) 6. Tommaso (deaconry is not known). + After March 3, 1141.
(55) 7. Raniero (deaconry is not known). + Shortly after March 6, 1140.
(56) 8. Goizo (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(57) 9. Aimerico (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(58) 10. Presbitero (deaconry is not known). + (?).

(1) Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy, Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, piè, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660), says that he is a blessed .
(2) Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian Martyrology and in the Gallican Martyrology.

1140 (X)
(59) 1. Pietro (title of S. Pudenziana). + After August 12 and before December 22, 1144.
(60) 2. Longino (unknown title). + Shortly after October 3, 1140.
(61) 3. Tommaso, Can. Reg. of S. Maria de Crescenzago (title of S. Vitale). + October 1146.
(62) 4. Rainaldo di Collemezzo, O.S.B.Cas., abbot of the monastery of Monte Cassino (title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro). + October 1166.
(63) 5. Ubaldo (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + 1150.
(64) 6. Pietro (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + ca. 1145.
(65) 7. Pietro (deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + Summer of 1145.
(66) 8. Guido Moricotti (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1150.
(67) 9. Niccolò (deaconry is not known). + April 1, 1151 (?).
(68) 10. Hugues de Foliet, O.S.B. (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1164.
(69) 11. Guido di Castelfidardo (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1145.

1141 (XI)
(70) 1. Ubaldo Allucingoli, O.Cist. (title of S. Prassede) (1)
(71) 2. Gilberto (deaconry of S. Adriano). + Shortly after May 6, 1149.
(72) 3. Gregorio (deaconry is not known). + After February 15, 1145.

(1) Elected Pope Lucius III on September 1, 1181. Died on November 25, 1185.

1142 (XII)
(73) 1. Imar, O.S.B., abbot general of his order (bishop of Frascati). + 1164.
(74) 2. Pietro Papareschi (bishop of Albano). + 1146.
(75) 3. Robert Pullen (title of S. Martino ai Monti). + Between September 22 and December 17, 1146 or in 1147.
(76) 4. Konrad von Bayern, O.Cist. (deaconry is not known). + March 17, 1154.

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[Antipope] Anacletus II (1130-1138)

Holy Saturday 1130 (I)
(1) 1. Germano (deaconry of S. Adriano in Foro piscium). + (?).
(2) 2. Gregorio Otone (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + (?).
(3) 3. Pietro, O.S.B.Cas. (deaconry is unknown)+ (?).

Note 1. Antipope Anacletus II named pseudocardinals the following cardinals that had been created by legitimate popes; Gionata, iuniore (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano) created by Pope Callistus II in 1120 (it is not known if he made the submission to the legitimate pope); Giovanni Dauferio (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere), created by Pope Callistus II in 1122 (made his submission to Pope Innocent II before December 21, 1133); Stefano (deacon of S. Lucia in Silice), created by Pope Honorius II in 1125 (made his submission to Pope Innocent II); Pierre (deacon of S. Adriano), created by Pope Honorius II in 1127 (died shortly after without having made his submission to the legitimate pope); and Silvano, deacon of S. Lucia in Septisolio, who, according to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle", Annuaire Pontifical Catholique, 1928, p. 130, could have been confused with Cardinal Silvano, created by Pope Innocent II in 1130.

1131 (II)
(4) 1. Donato (title of S. Eusebio). + (?).
(5) 2. Anselmo (title is unknown). + (?).
(6) 3. Rainaldo (deaconry of S. Vito e Modesto). + (?)
(7) 4. Matteo (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + (?).

1135 (III)
(8) 1. Benedetto (title of Ss. Quattro Coronati). + In or after 1137.

Note 2. These are other creations not mentioned by Alfonso Chacón, Vitæ, et res gestæ Pontificvm Romanorum et S. R. E. Cardinalivm (2 volumes. Romae : Typis Vaticanis, 1677), but that "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle", Annuaire Pontifical Catholique (Paris : Maison de la Bonne Presse, 1928), lists on p. 133, based on the examination of the bulls in Regesta pontificum Romanorum ab conditio Ecclesia. Ad annum post Christum natum MCXCVIII. (Graz : Akademische Druck- u. Verlagsanstalt, 1956. 2v. Reprint. Originally published : Lipsiae : Veit et comp., 1885-1888. Editionem secundam correctam et auctam edidit Philippus Jaffè ; auspiciis Gulielmi Wattenbach; curaverunt S. Loewenfeld, F. Kaltenbrunner, P. Ewald), Matteo, priest of S. Vitale; Germano (or Germain), deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria; Oderisio, deacon of S. Agata (confused with Cardinal Vitale Savelli, created by Pope Innocent II in 1130); Giovanni, bishop of Porto ca. 1135; Pandolfo, deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano; and Amato (or Aime), priest of S. Sabina. Besides, Johannes Matthias Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalkollegiums von 1130-1181 (Berlin : R. Trenkel, 1912), p. 47-49, lists among the pseudocardinals created by Antipope Anacletus II the following: Crescenzio, priest of S. Apollinare; Giovanni, bishop of Palestrina; Matteo, priest of Equitii; Matteo, priest (title unknown); Pandulfo, priest of Ss. XII Apostoli; Rainaldo, deacon of S. Lorenzo; and Romano, cardinal of S. Adriano.

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[Antipope] Victor IV (1138)

Elected Antipope Victor IV in mid-March 1138. Resigned on March 29 thanks to the intervention of St. Bernard de Clairvaux. Made his submission to Pope Innocent II, who reinstated him to his cardinalitial dignity on May 29, 1138 together with the other cardinals who had followed him. Died ca. 1140. Did not create any cardinals.

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Celestine II (1143-1144)

December 17, 1143 (I)
(1) 1. Raniero (title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio). + Shortly after December 14, 1144.
(2) 2. Ariberto (title of S. Anastasia). + ca. 1156.
(3) 3. Manfredo (title of S. Sabina). + ca. 1158.
(4) 4. Rodolfo (deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + Shortly after the election of Pope Alexander III in September 1159.
(5) 5. Gregorio (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + 1168.
(6) 6. Astaldo degli Astalli (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + shortly after February 26, 1161.
(7) 7. Giovanni, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano di Lucca (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + At the end of 1153.
(8) 8. Giovanni Paparoni (deaconry of S. Adriano). + ca. 1158.
(9) 9. Ugo (deaconry of S. Lucia in Orphea (or Silice). + (?).

Ash Wednesday 1144 (II)
(10) 1. Giulio (title of S. Marcello). + ca. April 1164.
(11) 2. Ugo Misini, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno, prior of the monastery of S. Prassede (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + 1150.
(12) 3. Giacinto Bobone (deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin). (1)
(13) 4. Gregorio (deaconry is not known). + (?).

(1) Elected Pope Celestine III on March 30, 1191. Died on January 8, 1198.

March 1144 (III)
(14) 1. Gezo (title of S. Susanna). + 1145.

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Lucius II (1144-1145)

June 1144 (I)
(1) 1. Ubaldo Caccianemici, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme). + 1171.
(2) 2. Berardo (deaconry is not known). + Shortly after May 20, 1146.

December 1144 (II)
(3) 1. Guarino Foscari, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno (bishop of Palestrina). + February 6, 1158/1159. (1)
(4) 2. Guido Cibo (title of S. Pudenziana). + Before September 1159.
(5) 3. Villano Gaetani (title of S. Stefano in Monte Celio). + October 23, 1175.
(6) 4. Cenzio ( title is not known). + Shortly after March 19, 1158.
(7) 5. Bernardo (deaconry is not known). + Shortly after December 20, 1152.
(8) 6. Pietro (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + ca. 1148.
(9) 7. Nikolaus (deaconry is not known). + Before March 1151.

(1) Canonized by Pope Alexander III and inscribed in the Roman Martyrology. His feast is on February 6.

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Eugenius III (1145-1153)

1145 (I)
(1) 1. Bernardo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca, prior of the Lateran monastery, Rome (title of S. Clemente). + Before the end of 1176.
(2) 2. Giordano Bobone (deaconry is not known). + 1165.
(3) 3. Guy (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + ca. 1159.
(4) 4. Raniero Marescotti (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + Soon after July 1145.
(5) 5. Cinzio (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + 1148.
(6) 6. Bercarco (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(7) 7. Gerardo (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(8) 8. Guido (deaconry is not known). + (?)

1146 (II)
(9) 1. Nicholas Breakspear, Can. Reg. of Saint-Ruf of Avignon, abbot general of his order (bishop of Albano). (1)
(10) 2. Bernard, O.S.B.Cas. (title is not known)+ (?)
(11) 3. Gregorio (deaconry is not known). + 1153.

(1) Elected Pope Adrian IV on December 4, 1154. Died on September 1, 1159. First, and so far, the only English pope.

1148 or 1149 (III)
(12) 1. Guido (bishop of Ostia). + Shortly after January 30, 1150.
(13) 2. Giovanni (title of S. Marco). + Before March 1151.
(14) 3. Greco (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + August 30, 1149 (?).
(15) 4. Gerardo Caccianemici, canon of the cathedral chapter of Pisa (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + At the end of 1155
(16) 5. .Galfroy (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1175.
(17) 6. Gualterio (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + ca. 1155.

1150 (IV)
(18) 1. Hughes, O.Cist., abbot of the Trois-Fontaines Monastery, Châlos-sur-Marne, France (bishop of Ostia e Velletri). + December 1, 1158 (1).
(19) 2. Giovanni Conti (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + 1182.
(20) 3. Gerardo (title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio). + Before September 1159.
(21) 4. Cenzio (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + Before December 19, 1158.
(22) 5. Rolando Bandinelli, Can. Reg. Lateranense (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano) (2)
(23) 6. Errico Moricotti, O.Cist., abbot of the monastery of Ss. Vincenzo ed Atanasio, Rome (title of Ss. Nereo ed Achilleo). + 1179.
(24) 7. Giovanni Mercone, archdeacon of Tyr (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + 1169.
(25) 8. Cenzio (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + Shortly after February 20, 1152 or during the pontificate of Adrian IV (1154-1159).
(26) 9. Giovanni (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + After December 4, 1154.
(27) 10. Sylvester, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of Subiaco (title or deaconry is not known). + (?).
(28) 11. Jean, O.S.B.Cluny, abbot of the monastery of Déols, Bourges, France (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(29) 12. Ardizzone, bishop of Cumes (title is not known). + (?).
(30) 13. Matteo (title or deaconry is not known). + Before 1166.
(31) 14. Guido di Crema (deacon of S. Eustachio). + September 20, 1168. (3)

(1) He appears as a blessed in the Cistercian Martyrolgy.
(2) Elected Pope Alexander III on September 7, 1159. Died on August 30, 1181.
(3) Elected Antipope Paschal III on April 23, 1164. Died of cancer and unrepentant.

1151 (V)
(32) 1. Alberto (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + ca. 1156.
(33) 2. Bernard, O.Cist. (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + Shortly after the election of Pope Anastasius IV in July 1153. (1)

(1) He is inscribed as a blessed in the Martyrologe Gallican of Andrè Sauffay. His feast is on May 1.

1152 (VI)
(34) 1. Ildebrando Grassi, Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno, administrator of the diocese of Modena (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + 1178.
(35) 2. Ottone (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere). + At the end of 1174 or before May 1175.
(36) 3. Ildebrando (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(37) 4. Odone (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(38) 5. Gregorio (deaconry of Ss. Vito e Modesto). + After 1159.

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Anastasius IV (1153-1154)

December 1153 (I)
(1) 1. Gregorio della Suburra (deaconry is not known). + 1163.
(2) 2. Alberto (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). + (?)
(3) 3. Jacopo (title of S. Callisto). + (?)

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Adrian IV (1154-1159)

December 1155 (I)
(1) 1. Ubaldo (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + Shortly after June 3, 1157.
(2) 2. Giovanni Pizzuti, Can. Reg. of St-Victor of Paris (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + ca. 1182.
(3) 3. Giovanni (deaconry is not known). + ca. 1180.
(4) 4. Boso Breakspear, O.S.B. (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + In the autumn of 1181.
(5) 5. Ardicio Rivoltella (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + 1186.
(6) 6. Bonadies de Bonadie (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + 1165
(7) 7. Alberto di Morra, Can. Reg. Prem. of Saint-Martin of Laon (deaconry of S. Adriano). (1)
(8) 8. Guglielmo Matengo, O.Cist. (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + January 18, 1178.
(9) 9. Guido (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + ca. 1158.

(1) Elected Pope Gregory VIII on October 21, 1187. Died on December 17, 1187.

February/March 1158 (II)
(10) 1. Cinzio Papareschi (deaconry of S. Adriano). + Shortly after June 18, 1182.
(11) 2. Pietro di Miso (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + After July 7, 1182.
(12) 3. Raymond des Arènes (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + ca. 1176/1177.
(13) 4. Giovanni Conti (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + After March 22, 1196.
(14) 5. Simone, O.S.B., abbot of Subiaco (deaconry of S. Maria in Domnica). + Not before November 1183.

February 1159 (III)
(15) 1. Gualterio (bishop of Albano). + 1178 or at the beginning of 1179.
(16) 2. Pietro (title of S. Cecilia). + (?).
(17) 3. Giovanni (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(18) 4. Jacopo (title is not known). + Before 1181.
(19) 5. Gerardo (title of S. Pudenziana). + ca. 1164.
(20) 6. Uberto (title of S. Prisca). + Before 1180.
(21) 7. Gregorio (deaconry is not known). + (?).
(22) 8. Guido (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + Shortly after July 14, 1161.
(23) 9. Romano (deaconry of S. Lucia in Septisolio). + (?).

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Alexander III (1159-1181)

February 18, 1160 (I)
(1) 1. Milo (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + After April 1160.

1163 (II)
(2) 1. Konrad von Wittelsbach, archbishop of Mainz, Germany (title of S. Marcello). + October 25 (or 26, or 27), 1200.
(3) 2. Antonio (title of S. Marco). + ca. 1167.
(4) 3. Manfredo, O.S.B. (deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + January 17, 1178.
(5) 4. Ugo Ricasoli (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + ca. 1182.
(6) 5. Oderisio, O.S.B.Cas., abbot of S. Giovanni in Venere, Lanciano (deaconry is unknown). + After April 7, 1177.

1164 (III)
(7) 1. Ugo Pierleoni, Can. Reg. of St. Victor, bishop of Piacenza (bishop of Frascati). + April 30, 1167.
(8) 2. Ottone (bishop of Palestrina). + Before 1176.
(9) 3. Benerede, O.S.B., abbot of St-Crépin, Soissons, France (deaconry is unknown). + Shortly after July 11, 1180. (1)
(10) 4. Teodino degli Atti, O.S.B. (title of S. Vitale). + Mid-1186.
(11) 5. Pietro Gaetani, canon of the cathedral chapter of Bologna (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + ca. 1165.
(12) 6. Vitellio, O.S.B., abbot (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + Shortly after July 5, 1175.
(13) 7. Girolamo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + Before 1177.
(14) 8. Eguillino (deaconry is unknown). + Before 1182.

(1) According to "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 144, he is called blessed by Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy. Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, piè, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660).

December 15, 1165 (IV)
(15) 1. Ermanno, vice-chancellor of the Holy Roman Church (title of S. Susanna). + ca. 1170.
(16) 2. Galdino, archdeacon and chancellor of Milan (title of S. Sabina). + April 18, 1176.
(17) 3. Raniero (title of S. Eusebio). + Before 1178.
(18) 4. Teodino, O.S.B.Cas., abbot of Monte Cassino (title is unknown). + 1166.
(19) 5. Pietro de Bono, Can. Reg. of S.Maria of Reno (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + December 11, 1187.
(20) 6. Ermanno (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + ca. 1170.
(21) 7. Bonifazio (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + ca. 1170.

(1) Canonized by Pope Alexander III. His feast in the Roman Martyrology is celebrated on April 18.

1168 (V)
(22) 1. Giovanni, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Sofia in Benevento (title of S. Sisto). + 1177.
(23) 2. Rainaldo, O.S.B.Cas., bishop elect of Gaeta (deaconry is unknown) + February 4, 1188.

1170 (VI)
(24) 1. Odone (bishop of Frascati). + Before February 21, 1172.
(25) 2. Gérard d'Autun, archdeacon of Autun, France (title of S. Stefano in Monte Celio). + After 1176.
(26) 3. Vernavero (title of S. Clemente). + ca. 1178.
(27) 4. Lesbio Grassi (title of S. Susanna). + ca. 1177/1178.
(28) 5. Leonato, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Clemente in Cassaure (deaconry is unknown). + 1182.
(29) 6. Riso (deaconry of Ss. Cosme e Damiano). + ca. 1176.

1171 (VII)
(30) 1. Ugo Pierleoni, Can. Reg. of St. Victor (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + Toward 1183.
(31) 2. Thibaud, O.S.B.Clun., abbot of Cluny (title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme). + November 4, 1188.
(32) 3. Lombardo, archbishop of Benevento (title of S. Ciriaco alle Terme Diocleziane). + 1179.
(33) 4. Laborante (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + ca. 1189/1190.

September 1173 (VIII)
(34) 1. Pietro, bishop of Meaux, France (title of S. Crisogono). + 1180.
(35) 2. Guglielmo, possibly Can. Reg. of S. Maria di Reno in Bologna (title of S. Prassede). + Soon after December 20, 1173
(36) 3. Uberto Crivelli, archdeacon of the cathedral chapter of Milan (title is unknown). (1)
(37) 4. Marcello (deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + At the end of 1174.
(38) 5. Raniero, minore (deaconry is unknown). + At the end of 1183.

(1) Elected Pope Urban III on November 25, 1185. Died on October 20, 1187.

March 7, 1175 (IX)
(39) 1. Vibiano (deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano). + After November 1185.
(40) 2. Gerardo(deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano?). + ca. 1178.

Note. "Essai de liste générale des cardinaux. Les cardinaux du XIIè siècle". Annuaire Pontifical Catholique 1928, p. 146, lists a Cardinal Vibiano, created in 1175 deacon of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano, dead ca. 1178, indicating that it may be a confusion with the Cardinal Vibiano mentioned above as the first creation of this consistory.

December 1176 (X)
(41) 1. Pietro (title of S. Sabina). + Before September 22, 1178.
(42) 2. Tiberio Savelli (title of S. Cecilia). + At the beginning of 1178.
(43) 3. Gandolfo, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Sisto, Piacenza (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + 1219.

March 1178 (XI)
(44) 1. Pietro (title of S. Cecilia). + Shortly after May 25, 1178.
(45) 2. Pietro (title of S. Lorenzo in Lucina). + Before 1190.
(46) 3. Matteo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano of Lucca (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + Before December 17, 1182.
(47) 4. Graziano (deaconry of Ss. Cosma e Damiano), papal legate to England. + 1203.
(48) 5. Ardoino (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + ca. 1182.

September 22, 1178 (XII)
(49) 1. Ardoino, Can. Reg. di S. Frediano di Lucca (title of S. Croce in Gerusalemme). + ca. 1184.
(50) 2. Giovanni (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + At the end of 1181 or beginning of 1182. (1)
(51) 3. Bernardo (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano). + At the end of 1181.
(52) 4. Rainier (deaconry of S. Adriano). + August 1182.
(53) 5. Paolo (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + ca. 1181.
(54) 6. Eutichio (deaconry of S. Adriano). + 1178 (?).

(1) He is called blessed and a martyr by Ludovicus Donius D'Attichy in his work Flores Historiæ Sacri Collegii S. R. E. Cardinalivm, In Qva Res Ab Ipsis Septem Saecvlorvm decursu, pih, aut sanctè gestae, ordine chronologico distinctæ, atque digestæ describuntur. Dedvcta Illarvm Serie Perpetva Per Pontifices Et Creationes, à temporibus S. Leonis Papæ IX. Sive Ab Anno Christi M.XLIX ... Vsqve Ad Postrema Nostra Tempora ... (Lutetiæ Parisiorum : Cramoisy, 1660).

December 1178 (XIII)
(55) 1. Pietro da Pavia, O.S.B. (bishop of Frascati). + 1189.
(56) 2. Rogerio, O.S.B.Cas. (title of S. Eusebio). + ca. 1184.
(57) 3. Mathieu d'Anjou (title of S. Marcello). + 1183 or 1184.
(58) 4. Herbert of Bosham (deaconry is not known). + 1186.
(59) 5. Jacopo (deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin). + (?).

March 1179 (XIV)
(60) 1. Henri de Marsiac, O.Cist., abbot of Clairvaux (bishop of Albano). + July 4 (or 14), 1188.
(61) 2. Guillaume de Champagne, archbishop of Reims, France (title of S. Sabina). + September 7, 1202.
(62) 3. Roberto (title of S. Pudenziana). + Before 1188.
(63) 4. Galando (title or deaconry is unknown). + (?).
(60) 5. Ildeberto (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). + ca. 1182.
(64) 6. Paolo Scolari, canon of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). (1)
(65) 7. Tiburzio (deaconry is not known). + (?).

(1) Elected Pope Clement III on December 19, 1187. Died on March 27, 1191.

1180 (XV)
(66) 1. Bernardo (bishop of Palestrina). + 1180.
(67) 3. Rolando Paparoni (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + ca. 1189.

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[Antipope] Victor IV (1159-1164)

(1) Annuario Pontificio per l'anno 2008, p. 15*, n . 25, indicates that his name should have been Victor V but that may be because Victor IV (1138) was antipope very briefly, made his submission to Pope Innocent II spontaneously and was not taken into account when Ottaviano de Monticello assumed the name Victor. Annuaire Pontifical Catholique, 1928, p. 149, calls him Victor V.

Pseudocardinal bishops (6)
(1) 1. Giovanni, bishop of Bologna or Bitonto.
(2) 2. Ubaldo, bishop of Ferentino.
(3) 3. Riccardo, bishop of Melfi. + 1179.
(4) 4. Teodorico, bishop of Segni.
(5) 5. Teobaldo, bishop of Frascati.
(6) 6. Livido, bishop of Sabina.
(7) 7. János Struma, O.S.B.Vall., bishop of Albano (1).

(1) Elected Antipope Callistus III at the end of September 1168. Made his submission to Pope Alexander III on August 29, 1178. Named governor of Benevento, where he died and is buried.

Pseudocardinal priests (4)
(8) 1. Errico, title of S. Clemente.
(9) 2. Giovanni, title of S. Pudenziana.
(10) 3. Umfredo, title of S. Susanna.
(11) 4. Alberto, title of S. Crisgono.

Pseudocardinal deacons (7)
(12) 1. Lando, deacon of S. Angelo in Pescheria. (1)
(13) 2. Giovanni, deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro. + ca. 1161.
(14) 3. Berardo, deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco.
(15) 4. Gerardo, his deaconry is not known.
(16) 5. Aicardo, his deaconry is not known.
(17) 6. Gerardo, deacon of S. Giorgio in Velabro.
(17) 7. Gerardo, deacon of S. Maria in Aquiro.
(18) 8. Lanfredo, deacon of S. Maria Nuova.

(1) Elected Antipope Innocent III on September 29, 1179. Captured during a trip in apud Palumbaram, deposed and sent to a monastery in La Cava with his companions. The date of his death is not known.

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[Antipope] Paschal III (1164-1168)

Pseudocardinal bishops (3)
(1) 1. Marino, bishop of Frascati.
(2) 2. Vibiano, bishop of Palestrina.
(3) 3. Riccardo, bishop of Civita Castellana.

Pseudocardinal priest (1)
(4) 1. Opizo, title of S. Clemente.

Pseudocardinal deacons (5)
(5) 1. Giovanni, his deaconry is not known.
(6) 2. Ottone, his deaconry is not known.
(7) 3. Guido, his deaconry is not known.
(8) 4. Étienne, his deaconry is not known.

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[Antipope] Callistus III (1168-1178)

Pseudocardinal bishops (2)
(1) 1. Giovanni, bishop of Sabina.
(2) 2. Siro, bishop of Pavia.

Pseudocardinal priests (3)
(3) 1. Ottone, title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso.
(4) 2. Stefano, title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino.
(5) 3. Gero, title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio.

Pseudocardinal deacons (6)
(6) 1. Stefano, deacon of S. Eustachio.
(7) 2. Niccolò, deacon of S. Maria in Monasterio.
(8) 3. Wilfrid, deacon of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae.
(9) 4. Ughicio, deacon of S. Maria Nuova.
(10) 5. Guglielmo, deacon of Ss. Sergio e Bacco.
(11) 6. Sisto, his deaconry is not known.

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[Antipope] Innocent III (1179-1180)

No information has been found about creation of pseudocardinals.

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Lucius III (1181-1185)

December 1181 (I)
(1) 1. Pedro de Cardona, archbishop of Toledo, Spain (title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso). + June 26, 1183.

Beginning of 1182 (II)
(2) 1. Uberto Allucingoli, nephew of His Holiness (title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso). + Before 1185.
(3) 2. Ugo Etherianus (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + December 7, 1182.

Mid-1182 (III)
(4) 1. Andrea Boboni (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + ca. 1190.
(5) 2. Ottaviano (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + April 5, 1206.
(6) 3. Gerardo (deaconry of S. Adriano). + In the second half of 1208.
(7) 4. Soffredo (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + December 14, 1210.
(8) 5. Albino, Can. Reg. de S. Maria di Crescenziano (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + ca. 1197.

December 1182 (IV)
(9) 1. Pandolfo Masca (title of Ss. XII Apostoli). + 1201.

March 6, 1185 (V)
(10) 1. Melior (title of Ss. Giovanni e Paolo). + After July 1197 and before May 17, 1198.
(11) 2. Adelardo Cattaneo, canon of the cathedral chapter of Verona (title of S. Marcello). + August 24, 1225.
(12) 3. Raniero (his title is unknown). + (?).
(13) 4. Simeone Paltinieri (his title is unknown). + 1200.
(14) 5. Giovanni (title of S. Marco in 1186). + (?).
(15) 6. Rolando, O.S.B., bishop of Dol, Bretagne, France (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + March 4, 1188.
(16) 7. Pietro Diana, provost of S. Antonino, Piacenza (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano). + 1208.
(17) 8. Ridolfo Nigelli (deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + 1189.

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Urban III (1185-1187)

Saturday of Pentecost 1186 (I)
(1) 1. Roberto (bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina). + ca. 1189.
(2) 2. Henri de Sully, O.Cist., archbishop of Bourges, France (title is unknown). + September 1200.
(3) 3. Ugo Geremei (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + Before March 1188.
(4) 4. Gandolfo, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Sisto, Piacenza (deacon of Ss. Cosma e Damiano). + 1219.

1187 (II)
(5) 1. Boson (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + ca. 1190.

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Gregory VIII (1187)

Pope Gregory VIII was elected on October 21, 1187 and died on December 17, 1187. He did not create any cardinals.

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Clement III (1187-1191)

March 12, 1188 (I)
(1) 1. Gérard Mainard, O.Cist., abbot of Potigny, France (bishop of Palestrina). + May 19, 1188.
(2) 2. Pietro (title of S. Clemente). + Shortly after October 29, 1188.
(3) 3. Alessio, subdeacon of the Roman Church, legate of Pope Alexander III in Scotland (title of S. Susanna). + April 24, 1189.
(4) 4. Giordano di Ceccano, O.Cist., abbot of the monastery of Fossanova (title of S. Pudenziana). + March 23, 1206.
(5) 5. Pietro (title of S. Pietro in Vincoli). + Shortly after July 26, 1191.
(6) 6. Pietro (title of S. Lorenzo in Damaso). + Shortly after July 23, 1190.
(7) 7. Giovanni Malabranca (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + Shortly after October 4, 1192.
(8) 8. Gregorio de San Apostolo (deaconry of S. Maria in Portico Octaviae). + 1202.
(9) 9. Giovanni Felici (deaconry of S. Eustachio). + Shortly after June 28, 1194.
(10) 10. Bernardo, Can. Reg. of S. Frediano di Lucca (deaconry of S. Maria Nuova). + 1204.
(11) 11. Gregorio Crescenzi (deaconry of S. Maria in Aquiro). + After August 23, 1207.

May 1189 (II)
(12) 1. Giovanni, bishop of Viterbo e Toscanella (title of S. Clemente). + At the end of 1210 or the beginning of 1211.
(13) 2. Alessandro (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + 1190.
(14) 3. Giovanni (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). + Before September 1190.

September 1190 (III)
(15) 1. Pietro Gallozia, subdeacon apostolic, rector of Campagna (bishop of Porto e Santa Rufina). + March 14, 1211.
(16) 2. Rufino, bishop of Rimini (title of S. Prassede). + Between July 26, 1191 March 23, 1192.
(17) 3. Rinaldo, O.S.B. (title of Ss. Marcellino e Pietro). + Before March 25, 1191.
(18) 4. Guy Paré, O.Cist., abbot of Cîteaux, superior general of his order (title of S. Maria in Trastevere). + July 30, 1206. (1)
(19) 5. Cencio (deaconry is unknown). + After July 24, 1217.
(20) 6. Ugo (title of Ss. Silvestro e Martino ai Monti). + March 9, 1206.
(21) 7. Giovanni di Salerno, O.S.B.Cas. (title of S. Stefano al Monte Celio). + After April 22, 1208.
(22) 8. Romano (deaconry is unknown). + Shortly after October 1194.
(23) 9. Egidio di Anagnia (deaconry of S. Nicola in Carcere Tulliano). + Shortly after October 11, 1194.
(24) 10. Gregorio Carelli (deaconry of S. Giorgio in Velabro). + May 30, 1211.
(25) 11. Lotario dei conti di Segni (deaconry of Ss. Sergio e Bacco). (2)
(26) 12. Gregorio (deaconry of S. Angelo in Pescheria). + Shortly after July 15, 1202.
(27) 13. Niccolò (no specific deaconry assigned). + After August 4, 1200.
(28) 14. Guido de Papa (no specific deaconry assigned). + August 22, 1221.
(29) 15. Giovanni Barrata (deaconry is not known). + 1191.
(30) 16. Niccolò (no specific deaconry assigned). + After April 13, 1200.

(1) Inscribed as a blessed in the Cistercian Martyrology, his feast is celebrated on May 20.
(2) Elected Pope Innocent III on January 8, 1198. Died on July 16, 1216.

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Celestine III (1191-1198)

1191 (I)
(1) 1. Niccolò Bobone, nephew of His Holiness (deaconry of S. Maria in Cosmedin). + 1200/1201.
(2) 1. Roffredo dell'Isola, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of Monte Cassino (title of Ss. Marcelino e Pietro). + Ca. 1212.
(3) 2. Guido (title of S. Marco). + Before 1198.
(4) 3. Giacomo Cesarini (title of S. Prassede). + Before 1198.

May 1192 (II)
(5) 1. Albert de Louvain, bishop of Liège (deaconry is not known). + November 24, 1192. (1)

(1) Assassinated by three German knights near Reims, while he was on the way to Nogent-l'Ablesse. On August 9, 1613, Pope V auuthorized his veneration in Reimas and Brussels and inscribed him in the Roman Martyrology on November 21, which is believed by some that it was the date of his death; he is listed as a martyr who died for the defense of the Church.

February 20, 1193 (III)
(6) 1. Giovanni di San Paolo Colonna, O.S.B., abbot of the monastery of S. Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome (no specific deaconry assigned). + Before November 1215 or 1216.
(7) 2. Fidanzio (title of S. Marcello). + February 19, 1197.
(8) 3. Pietro Capuano, maior, dei signori di Capua (deaconry of S. Maria in Via Lata). + August 30, 1214.
(9) 4. Bobone, canon of patriarchal Vatican basilica (deaconry of S. Teodoro). + October 9, 1199.
(10) 5. Cencio, canon of the patriarchal Liberian basilica, Rome, and camerario of the Holy Roman Church (deaconry of S. Lucia in Orphea or in Silice). (1)

(1) Elected Pope Honorius III on July 18, 1216. Died on March 18, 1227.

Note. Werner Maleczek, Pietro Capuano : patrizio amalfitano, cardinale, legato alla quarta crociata, teologo (+ 1214) (Ed. riv. ed aggiornata dall'autore. Amalfi : Centro di cultura e storia amalfitana, 1997), p. 53, indicates that this was the only creation of cardinals celebrated by Pope Celestine III in 1191.

1195 (IV)
(11) 1. Simon de Limbourg, of the dukes of Lorraine (deaconry is not known). + August 1, 1196.

Note. Cardella, Memorie Storiche de' Cardinali della Santa Romana Chiesa, I, pt. 2, pp. 177-179 and 180-181, besides the cardinals mentioned above, lists these two: Ugo Bobbonia + 1208; and Cintio Cenzi + ca. 1228, but, according to most sources, they were created by Pope Clement III.

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SUMMARY
Paschal II (1099-1118) - 92 cardinals
[Antipope] Theodoric (1100-1101) - no information found about creation of pseudocardinals by this antipope
[Antipope] Albert (1101) - no information found about creation of pseudocardinals by this antipope
[Antipope] Sylvester IV (1105-1111) - no information found about creation of pseudocardinals by this antipope
Gelasius II (1118-1119) - 3 cardinals
[Antipope] Gregory VIII (1118-1121) - no information found about creation of pseudocardinals by this antipope
Callistus II (1119-1124) - 35 cardinals
Celestine II (1124) - did not create any pseudocardinals
Honorius II (1124-1130) - 27 cardinals
Innocent II (1130-1143) - 76 cardinals
[Antipope] Anacletus II (1130-1138) - 8 pseudocardinals
[Antipope] Victor IV (1138) - did not create any pseudocardinals
Celestine II (1143-1144) - 14 cardinals
Lucius II (1144-1145) - 9 cardinals
Eugenius III (1145-1153) - 38 cardinals
Anastasius IV (1153-1154) - 3 cardinals
Adrian IV (1154-1159) - 23 cardinals
Alexander III (1159-1181) - 67 cardinals
[Antipope] Victor IV (1159-1164) - 17 pseudocardinals
[Antipope] Paschal III (1164-1168) - 10 pseudocardinals
[Antipope] Callistus III (1168-1178) - 11 pseudocardinals
[Antipope] Innocent III (1179-1180) - no information found about creation of pseudocardinals by this antipope
Lucius III (1181-1185) - 17 cardinals
Urban III (1185-1187) - 4 cardinals
Gregory VIII (1187) - did not create any cardinals
Clement III (1187-1191) 30 cardinals
Celestine III (1191-1198) - 11 cardinals
Total: 449 cardinals and 46 pseudocardinals.

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©1998-2014 Salvador Miranda.