The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Consistories for the creation of Cardinals
16th Century (1503-1605)

Pius III (1503) Julius II (1503-1513) Leo X (1513-1521) Adrian VI (1522-1523) Clement VII (1523-1534) Paul III (1534-1549) Julius III (1550-1555)
Marcellus II (1555) Paul IV (1555-1559) Pius IV (1559-1565) Pius V (1566-1572) Gregory XIII (1572-1585) Sixtus V (1585-1590)
Urban VII (1590) Gregory XIV (1590-1591) Innocent IX (1591) Clement VIII (1591-1605)
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Pius III (1503)

Pope Pius III was elected on September 22, 1503 and died on October 18, 1503. He did not create any cardinals.

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Julius II (1503-1513)

November 29, 1503 (I)
(1) 1. Clemente Grosso della Rovere, O.F.M.Conv., nephew of His Holiness, bishop of Mende, France. + August 18, 1504.
(2) 2. Galeotto Franciotti della Rovere, nephew of His Holiness, bishop of Lucca. + September 11, 1507.
(3) 3. François Guillaume de Castelnau de Clermont-Ludève, archbishop of Narbonne, France. + shortly before March 13, 1541.
(4) 4. Juan de Zúñiga y Pimentel, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + July 26, 1504.

December 1, 1505 (II)
(5) 1. Marco Vigerio della Rovere, O.F.M.Conv., bishop of Senigallia, governor of Castello Sant'Angelo, Rome. + July 18, 1516.
(6) 2. Robert Guibé, bishop of Rennes, France. + November 9, 1513.
(7) 3. Leonardo Grosso della Rovere, bishop of Agen, France. + September 17, 1520.
(8) 4. Antonio Ferrero, bishop of Gubbio, master of the Pontifical Household. + July 23, 1508.
(9) 5. Francesco Alidosi, bishop of Pavia, treasurer of His Holiness. + May 24, 1511.
(10) 6. Gabriele de' Gabrielli, bishop of Urbino. + November 5, 1511.
(11) 7. Fazio Giovanni Santori, bishop of Cesena, datary of His Holiness. + March 22, 1510.
(12) 8. Carlo Domenico del Carretto, titular archbishop of Tebe. + August 15, 1514.
(13) 9. Sigismondo Gonzaga, protonotary apostolic. + October 3, 1525.

December 18, 1506 (III)
(14) 1. Jean-François de la Trémoille, archbishop of Auch, France. + June 1507.
(15) 2. René de Prie, bishop of Bayeux, France. + September 9, 1519.
(16) 3. Louis d'Amboise, bishop of Alby, France. + September 17, 1510.

May 1507 (IV)
(17) 1. Francisco Jiménez de Cisneros, O.F.M.Obs., archbishop of Toledo, Spain + November 8, 1517.

September 11, 1507 (V)
(18) 1. Sisto Gara della Rovere, nephew of His Holiness. + March 8, 1517.

March 10, 1511 (VI)
(19) 1. Christopher Bainbridge, ambassador of the king of England, archbishop of York, England. + July 14, 1514.
(20) 2. Antonio Maria Ciocchi del Monte, auditor of the Apostolic Chamber and of the Sacred Roman Rota, archbishop of Manfredonia. + September 20, 1533.
(21) 3. Pietro Accolti, bishop of Ancona, vicar of His Holiness for Rome, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + December 11, 1532.
(22) 4. Achille Grassi, bishop of Città di Castello, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + November 22, 1523.
(23) 5. Francesco Argentino, bishop of Concordia, datary of His Holiness. + August 23, 1511.
(24) 6. Matthäus Schiner, bishop of Sion, Switzerland. + Between September 30 and October 1, 1522.
(25) 7. Bandinello Sauli, bishop of Gerace and Oppido. + March 29, 1518.
(26) 8. Alfonso Petrucci, bishop elect of Sovanna. + July 16, 1517.
(27) 9. Matthäus Lang von Wellenburg, bishop of Gurk. + March 30, 1540.

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Leo X (1513-1521)

September 23, 1513 (I)
(1) 1. Lorenzo Pucci, bishop of Melfi. + September 16, 1531.
(2) 2. Giulio de' Medici, cousin of His Holiness, archbishop of Florence (1).
(3) 3. Bernardo Dovizi da Bibbiena, treasurer general. + November 9, 1520.
(4) 4. Innocenzo Cibo, nephew of His Holiness, protonotary apostolic + April 14, 1550.

(1) Elected Pope Clement VII on November 19, 1523. Died on September 25, 1534.

Note. Accoring to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentoris Aevi, III, p. 18; and Cardella, Memorie storiche de' Cardinali dellla Santa Romana Chiesa, IV, 78; Pietro Quirini, O.S.B.Cam., was created cardinal but not published.

September 10, 1515 (II)
(5) 1. Thomas Wolsey, archbishop of York, England. + November 29, 1530.

December 14, 1515 (III)
(6) 1. Adrian Gouffier de Boissy, bishop of Coutances, France. + July 24, 1523.

April 1, 1517 (IV)
(7) 1. Antoine Bohier Du Prat, O.S.B., archbishop of Bourges, France. + November 27, 1519.
(8) 2. Guillaume III de Croy, bishop of Cambrai, France. + January 6, 1521.

July 1, 1517 (V)
(9) 1. Francesco Conti, bishop elect of Conza. + June 29, 1521.
(10) 2. Giovanni Piccolomini, archbishop of Siena. + November 21, 1537.
(11) 3. Giovanni Domenico De Cupis, bishop elect of Trani. + December 10, 1553.
(12) 4. Niccolò Pandolfini, bishop of Pistoia. + September 17, 1518.
(13) 5. Raffaele Petrucci, bishop of Grosseto. + December 11, 1522.
(14) 6. Andrea Della Valle, bishop of Mileto. + August 4, 1534.
(15) 7. Bonifacio Ferrero, bishop of Ivrea. + January 2, 1543.
(16) 8. Giovanni Battista Pallavicino, bishop of Cavaillon, France. + August 13, 1524.
(17) 9. Scaramuccia Trivulzio, bishop of Como. + August 3, 1527.
(18) 10. Pompeo Colonna, bishop of Rieti. + June 28, 1532.
(19) 11. Domenico Giacobazzi, bishop of Nocera dei Pagani. + 1528.
(20) 12. Louis II de Bourbon de Vendôme, bishop of Laon, France. + March 13, 1557.
(21) 13. Lorenzo Campeggio, bishop elect of Feltre. + July 19, 1539.
(22) 14. Ferdinando Ponzetti, bishop of Molfetta. + September 9, 1527.
(23) 15. Luigi de' Rossi, cousin of His Holiness, protonotary apostolic. + August 20, 1519.
(24) 16. Silvio Passerini, protonotary apostolic, datary of His Holiness, administrator of Cortona. + April 20, 1529.
(25) 17. Francesco Armellini de' Medici, protonotary apostolic and cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + October 1527.
(26) 18. Adriaan Florenszoon Dedel, bishop of Tortosa and governor of Castille and Leon for King Charles I of Spain. (1)
(27) 19. Tommaso Vio, O.P., superior general of his order. + August 10, 1534.
(28) 20. Egidio di Viterbo, O.E.S.A., superior general of his order. + November 12, 1532.
(29) 21. Cristoforo Numai, O.F.M.Obs., superior general of his order. + March 23, 1528.
(30) 22. Guillén-Ramón de Vich y de Vallterra, protonotary apostolic. + July 27, 1525.
(31) 23. Franciotto Orsini, Roman cleric. + January 10, 1534.
(32) 24. Paolo Emilio Cesi, protonotary apostolic. + August 5, 1537.
(33) 25. Alessandro Cesarini, seniore, protonotary apostolic. + February 13, 1542.
(34) 26. Giovanni Salviati, protonotary apostolic. + October 28, 1553.
(35) 27. Niccolò Ridolfi, protonotary apostolic. + January 31, 1550.
(36) 28. Ercole Rangone, protonotary apostolic. + August 25, 1527.
(37) 29. Agostino Trivulzio, protonotary apostolic. + March 30, 1548.
(38) 30. Francesco Pisani, protonotary apostolic, + June 28, 1570.
(39) 31. Afonso de Portugal, fourth son of King Manoel of Portugal, protonotary apostolic. + April 16, 1540.

(1) Elected Pope Adrian VI on January 9, 1522. Died on September 14, 1523.

Note. This was the largest consistory for the creation of cardinals until Pope Pius XII's consistory of February 18, 1946 in which he created thirty-two cardinals. In his third consistory, on April 28, 1969, Pope Paul VI created thirty-four cardinals. Finally, Pope John Paul II created forty-two cardinals in the consistory of February 21, 2001.

March 24, 1518 (VI)
(40) 1. Albrecht von Brandenburg, archbishop of Magdeburg and Mainz. + September 24, 1545.

May 28, 1518 (VII)
(41) 1. Jean de Lorraine, bishop of Metz, France. + May 10, 1550.

August 9, 1520 (VIII)
(42) 1. Eberhard von der Mark, bishop of Chartres, France. + February 27, 1538.

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Adrian VI (1522-1523)

September 10, 1523 (I)
(1) 1. Willem van Enckenvoirt, bishop of Tortosa, Spain. + July 19, 1534.

Note. According to several Polish and German sources, Fabian Luzjañski, bishop of Ermland, Poland, was elevated to the cardinalate but died shortly after on January 30, 1523.

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Clement VII (1523-1534)

May 3, 1527 (I)
(1) 1. Benedetto Accolti, archbishop of Ravenna. + September 21, 1549.
(2) 2. Agostino Spinola, bishop of Perugia. + October 18, 1537.
(3) 3. Niccolò Gaddi, bishop elect of Fermo. + January 16, 1552.
(4) 4. Ercole Gonzaga, bishop of Mantua. + March 3, 1563.
(5) 5. Marino Grimani, patriarch of Aquileia. + September 28, 1546.

November 21, 1527 (II)
(6) 1. Antonio Sanseverino, O.S.Io.Hieros. + night of August 17/18, 1543.
(7) 2. Gianvincenzo Carafa, archbishop of Naples. + August 28, 1541.
(8) 3. Andrea Matteo Palmieri, archbishop of Acerenza and Matera. + January 20, 1537.
(9) 4. Antoine du Prat, archbishop of Sens, France. + July 9, 1535.
(10) 5. Enrique de Cardona y Enríquez, archbishop of Monreale. + February 7, 1530.
(11) 6. Girolamo Grimaldi, cleric of Genoa. + November 27, 1543.
(12) 7. Pirro Gonzaga, bishop of Modena. + January 28, 1529.
(13) 8. Sigismondo Pappacoda, bishop of Tropea. + 1536.

December 7, 1527 (III)
(14) 1. Francisco de los Ángeles Quiñones, O.F.M., minister general of his order. + November 5, 1540.

December 20, 1527 (IV)
(15) 1. Francesco Cornaro, seniore, Venetian patrician. + September 26, 1543.

January 1529 (V)
(16) 1. Girolamo Doria, cleric of Genoa. + March 25, 1558.

January 10, 1529 (VI)
(17) 1. Ippolito de' Medici, archbishop of Avignon. + August 10, 1535.

August 13, 1529 (VII)
(18) 1. Mercurino Arborio di Gattinara, layman, jurisconsult and chancellor of Emperor Charles V. + June 5, 1530.

March 9, 1530 (VIII)
(19) 1. François de Tournon, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, archbishop of Bourges, France. + April 22, 1562.
(20) 2. Bernhard von Cles, prince-bishop of Trent. + July 30, 1539.
(21) 3. Louis de Gorrevod,, bishop of Saint-Jean de Maurienne, France. + 1535.
(22) 4. García de Loaysa y Mendoza, O.P., bishop of Osma, Spain. + April 22, 1546.
(23) 5. Íñigo López de Mendoza y Zúñiga, bishop of Burgos, Spain. + June 9, 1535.

June 8, 1530 (IX)
(24) 1. Gabriel de Gramont, bishop of Tarbes, France, ambassador of King François I of France. + March 26, 1534.

February 22, 1531 (X)
(25) 1. Alfonso Manrique de Lara y Solís, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + September 28, 1538.
(26) 2. Juan Pardo de Tavera, archbishop of Compostela, Spain. + August 1, 1545.

September 22, 1531 (XI)
(27) 1. Antonio Pucci, bishop of Pistoia. + October 12, 1544.

February 21, 1533 (XII)
(28) 1. Esteban Gabriel Merino, bishop of Jaén and patriarch of the West Indies, Spain. + July 28, 1535.

March 3, 1533 (XIII)
(29) 1. Jean d'Orléans-Longueville, archbishop of Toulouse and bishop of Orléans, France. + September 24, 1533.

November 7, 1533 (XIV)
(30) 1. Jean Le Veneur, bishop of Lisieux, France. + August 7, 1543.
(31) 2. Claude de Longwy de Givry, bishop of Langres, France. + August 9, 1561.
(32) 3. Odet de Coligny de Châtillon, layman, of an illustrious French family. + April 13, 1571 (1).
(33) 4. Philippe de la Chambre, O.S.B., abbot of Saint-Pierre-de-Corbie, France + February 21, 1550.

(1) In the secret consistory of March 31, 1563, Pope Pius IV declared him heretic for having become a Calvinist and deprived him of all his episcopal and cardinalitial benefices. In December 1564, he married Isabeau de Hauteville wearing, at the request of the Huguenots, his cardinal's robes.

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Paul III (1534-1549)

December 18, 1534 (I)
(1) 1. Alessandro Farnese, iuniore, bishop elect of Parma. + March 2, 1589.
(2) 2. Guido Ascanio Sforza di Santa Fiora, grandson of His Holiness, bishop elect of Montefiascone. + October 6, 1564.

May 21, 1535 (II)
(3) 1. Nikolaus von Schönberg, O.P., archbishop of Capua. + September 7, 1537.
(4) 2. Girolamo Ghinucci, bishop of Worcester, England. + July 3, 1541.
(5) 3. Giacomo Simoneta, bishop of Pesaro. + November 1, 1539.
(6) 4. John Fisher, bishop of Rochester, England. + June 22, 1535.
(7) 5. Jean du Bellay, bishop of Paris, France. + February 16, 1560.
(8) 6. Gasparo Contarini, Venetian nobleman. + August 24, 1542.
(9) 7. Marino Ascanio Caracciolo, bishop of Catania, Sicily. + January 28, 1538.

Note. Pope Paul III offered the cardinalate to Desiderius Erasmus (1466-1536), the most famous humanist, but he declined because of age and ill health.

December 22, 1536 (III)
(10) 1. Gian Pietro Carafa, archbishop of Chieti. (1).
(11) 2. Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, archbishop of Manfredonia. (2).
(12) 3. Ennio Filonardi, bishop of Veroli, prefect of the Castle of Sant'Angelo, Rome. + December 19, 1549.
(13) 4. Jacopo Sadoleto, bishop of Carpentras, France. + October 19, 1547.
(14) 5. Cristoforo Giacobazzi, bishop of Cassano, datary of His Holiness, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + October 7, 1540.
(15) 6. Charles de Hémard de Denonville, bishop of Mâcon, France. + August 23, 1540.
(16) 7. Rodolfo Pio, bishop of Faenza. + May 2, 1564.
(17) 8. Reginald Pole, protonotary apostolic. + November 19, 1558.
(18) 9. Rodrigo Luis de Borja y de Castre-Pinós, great-great-grandson of Pope Alexander VI, Roman cleric. + August 6, 1537.
(19) 10. Girolamo Aleandro, archbishop of Brindisi and Oria. + February 1, 1542 (3).
(20) 11. Niccolò Caetani, protonotary apostolic. + May 1, 1585 (3)

(1) Elected Pope Paul IV on May 23, 1555. Died on August 18, 1559.
(2) Elected Pope Julius III on February 7, 1550. Died on March 23, 1555.
(3) Reserved in pectore and published on March 13, 1538.

October 18, 1538 (IV)
(21) 1. Pedro Sarmiento, archbishop of Compostela, Spain. + October 13, 1541.

December 20, 1538 (V)
(22) 1. Juan Álvarez de Toledo, O.P., bishop of Burgos. + September 15, 1557.
(23) 2. Pedro Fernández Manrique, bishop of Córdoba, Spain. + October 7, 1540.
(24) 3. Robert de Lénoncourt, bishop of Châlons, France. + February 4, 1561.
(25) 4. David Beaton, bishop of Mirepoix, France, ambassador of His Holiness in France. + May 29, 1546.
(26) 5. Ippolito II d'Este, archbishop elect of Milan. + December 2, 1572. (1)
(27) 6. Pietro Bembo, O.S.Io.Hieros., Venetian senator. + January 19, 1547. (2)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published on March 5, 1539.
(2) Reserved in pectore and published on March 19, 1539.

December 19, 1539 (VI)
(28) 1. Federico Fregóso, archbishop of Salerno. + November 11, 1541.
(29) 2. Pierre de La Baume, bishop of Geneva. + May 4, 1544.
(30) 3. Antoine Sanguin de Meudon, bishop of Orléans. + November 25, 1559.
(31) 4. Uberto Gambara, bishop of Tortona. + February 14, 1549.
(32) 5. Pierpaolo Parisio, auditor of the Apostolic Chamber, bishop of Nusco. + May 9, 1545.
(33) 6. Marcello Cervini, bishop of Nicastro. (1)
(34) 7. Bartolomeo Guidiccioni, bishop of Teramo. + November 4, 1549.
(35) 8. Ascanio Parisani, bishop of Rimini, April 3, 1549.
(36) 9. Dionisio Laurerio, O.S.M., superior general of his order. + September 17, 1542.
(37) 10. Enrique de Borja y Aragón, great-grandson of Pope Alexander VI, bishop elect of Squillace. + September 16, 1540.
(38) 11. Giacomo Savelli, protonotary apostolic. + December 5, 1587.
(39) 12. Miguel da Silva, bishop of Viseu, Portugal. + June 5, 1556. (2)

(1) Elected Pope Marcellus II on April 9, 1555. Died on April 30, 1555.
(2) Reserved in pectore, published in the consistory of December 2, 1541.

Note. According to Charles Berton, Dictionnaire des cardinaux (Paris : J.-P. Migne, 1857 ; Facsimile edition. Farnborough ; Gregg, 1969), col. 1065, Giovanni Guidiccioni, bishop of Fossombrone, governor of Rome and nuncio before Holy Roman Emperor Charles V was going to be promoted to the cardinalate in the next consistory when he died in 1541.

June 2, 1542 (VII)
(40) 1. Giovanni Girolamo Morone, bishop of Modena. + December 1, 1580.
(41) 2. Marcello Crescenzi, bishop of Marsico. + May 28, 1552.
(42) 3. Giovanni Vincenzo Acquaviva d'Aragona, prefect of the Castle of Sant'Angelo, Rome, bishop of Melfi. + August 16, 1546.
(43) 4. Pomponio Cecci, bishop of Sutri and Nepi. + August 4, 1542.
(44) 5. Roberto Pucci, bishop of Pistoia. + January 17, 1547.
(45) 6. Tommaso Badia, O.P., master of the Sacred Palace. + September 6, 1547.
(46) 7. Gregorio Cortese, O.S.B., congregation of S. Giustino de Padua. + September 21, 1548.
(47) 8. Cristoforo Madruzzo, prince-bishop of Trent. + July 5, 1578. (1)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of January 7, 1545.

Note. According to Conradus Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recientoris Aevi. Volumen III (1503-1592). (Münich : Sumptibus et Typis Librariae Regensbergianae, 1935; reprint, Padua : Il Messagero di S. Antonio, 1960), p. 27, n. 12, the pope created, reserved in pectore and never published an uncertain number of cardinals.

December 19, 1544 (VIII)
(48) 1. Gaspar de Ávalos de la Cueva, archbishop of Compostela. + November 2, 1545.
(49) 2. Francisco Mendoza de Bobadilla, bishop of Coria, Spain. + December 1, 1566.
(50) 3. Bartolomé de la Cueva y Toledo, cleric of the diocese of Segovia, Spain. + June 29, 1562.
(51) 4. Georges d'Armagnac, bishop of Rodez, ambassador of King Francis I of France in Rome. + July 10, 1585.
(52) 5. Jacques d'Annebaut, bishop of Lisieux, France. + June 6, 1557.
(53) 6. Otto Truchsess von Waldburg, bishop of Augsburg, Bavaria. + April 2, 1573.
(54) 7. Andrea Cornaro, bishop elect of Brescia. + January 30, 1551.
(55) 8. Francesco Sfondrati, archbishop of Amalfi. + July 31, 1550.
(56) 9. Federico Cesi, bishop of Todi, brother of Cardinal Paolo Emilio Cesi. + January 28, 1565.
(57) 10. Durante Duranti, bishop of Cassano. + December 24, 1558.
(58) 11. Niccolò Ardinghelli, bishop of Fossombrone. + August 23, 1547.
(59) 12. Girolamo Recanati Capodiferro, bishop elect of Saint-Jean de Maurienne. + December 1, 1559.
(60) 13. Tiberio Crispi, bishop elect of Sessa Aurunca. + October 6, 1566.

December 16, 1545 (IX)
(61) 1. Pedro Pacheco de Villena, bishop of Jaén. + March 5, 1560.
(62) 2. Georges II d'Amboise, archbishop of Rouen, France. + August 25, 1550.
(63) 3. Henrique de Portugal, archbishop of Evora, Portugal. + January 31, 1580.
(64) 4. Ranuccio Farnese, O. S. Io. Hieros., administrator of the archdiocese of Naples. + October 29, 1565.

July 27, 1547 (X)
(65) 1. Charles I de Guise de Lorraine, archbishop of Reims, France. + December 26, 1574.
(66) 2. Giulio della Rovere, cleric of Urbino. + September 3, 1578. (1)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of January 9, 1548.

January 9, 1548 (XI)
(67) 1. Charles II de Bourbon-Vendôme, bishop elect of Saintes, France. + May 9, 1590.

April 8, 1549 (XII)
(68) 1. Girolamo Verallo, archbishop of Rossano. + October 10, 1555.
(69) 2. Giovanni Angelo de' Medici, vice-legate of Perugia, archbishop of Ragusa. (1)
(70) 3. Filiberto Ferrero, bishop of Ivrea. + August 14, 1549.
(71) 4. Bernardino Maffei, bishop elect of Massa Maritima. + July 16, 1553.

(1) Elected Pope Pius IV on December 25, 1559. Died on December 9, 1565.

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Julius III (1550-1555)

May 30, 1550 (I)
(1) 1. Innocenzo Ciocchi del Monte, adoptive nephew of His Holiness. + November 3, 1577.

October 12, 1551 (II)
(2) 1. Györgi Martinuzzi, O.S.P.P.E., bishop of Nagy Várad, Hungary. + December 17, 1551.

November 20, 1551 (III)
(3) 1. Cristoforo Guidalotti Ciocchi del Monte, cousin of His Holiness, bishop of Marseille, France. + October 27, 1564.
(4) 2. Fulvio Giulio della Corgna, O.S.Io.Hieros., bishop of Perugia. + March 4, 1583.
(5) 3. Giovanni Michele Saraceni, archbishop of Matera, governor of Rome, vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. + April 27, 1568.
(6) 4. Giovanni Ricci, bishop of Chiusi. + May 3, 1574.
(7) 5. Giovanni Andrea Mercurio, archbishop of Messina, Sicily. + February 2, 1561.
(8) 6. Giacomo Puteo, archbishop of Bari. + April 26, 1563.
(9) 7. Alessandro Campeggio, bishop of Bologna. + September 21, 1554.
(10) 8. Pietro Bertani, O.P., bishop of Fano. + March 8, 1558.
(11) 9. Fabio Mignanelli, bishop of Grosseto. + August 10, 1557.
(12) 10. Giovanni Poggio, bishop of Tropea. + February 12, 1556.
(13) 11. Giovanni Battista Cicala, bishop of Albenga. + April 7, 1570.
(14) 12. Girolamo Dandini, bishop of Imola. + December 4, 1559.
(15) 13. Luigi Cornaro, grand commendator of Cyprus. + May 10, 1584.
(16) 14. Sebastiano Antonio Pighini, archbishop of Mafredonia. + November 23, 1553. (1)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published on May 30, 1552.

December 22, 1553 (IV)
(17) 1. Pietro Tagliavia d'Aragonia, archbishop of Palermo, Sicily. + August 5, 1558.
(18) 2. Louis I de Guise de Lorraine, bishop of Alby, France. + March 28, 1578.
(19) 3. Roberto de' Nobili, grand-nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Arezzo. + January 18, 1559.
(20) 4. Girolamo Simoncelli, grand-nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Orvieto. + February 22, 1605.

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Marcelus II (1555)

Pope Marcellus II was elected on April 9, 1555 and died on April 30, 1555. He did not create any cardinals.

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Paul IV (1555-1559)

June 7, 1555 (I)
(1) 1. Carlo Carafa, nephew of His Holiness, Roman cleric. + March 4, 1561 (1)

(1) He was deprived of the cardinalitial dignity and of all his honors and benefices and sentenced to death.

December 20, 1555 (II)
(2) 1. Juan Martínez Silíceo, archbishop of Toledo, Spain + May 31, 1557.
(3) 2. Gianbernardino Scotti, Theat., archbishop of Trani. + December 11, 1568.
(4) 3. Diomede Carafa, relative of His Holiness, bishop of Ariano. + August 12, 1560.
(5) 4. Scipione Rebiba, bishop of Motula and governor of Rome. + July 23, 1577.
(6) 5. Jean Suau, bishop of Mirepoix, France. + April 29, 1566.
(7) 6. Johann Gropper, dean of the cathedral church of Cologne. + March 13, 1559.
(8) 7. Gianantonio Capizucchi, auditor of causes at the Rota of the Apostolic Palace. + January 28, 1569.

March 15, 1557 (III)
(9) 1. Taddeo Gaddi, archbishop of Cosenza. + December 22, 1561.
(10) 2. Antonio Trivulzio, iuniore, bishop of Toulon, France. + June 25 (or 26), 1559.
(11) 3. Lorenzo Strozzi, bishop of Béziers, France. + December 14, 1571.
(12) 4. Virgilio Rosario, bishop of Ischia, vicar of Rome. + May 22, 1559
(13) 5. Jean Bertrand, archbishop of Sens, France. + December 4, 1560.
(14) 6. Michele Ghislieri, O.P., bishop of Nepi. (1)
(15) 7. Clemente d'Olera, O.F.M.Obs., superior general of his order. + January 6, 1568.
(16) 8. Alfonso Carafa, grand-nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Naples. + August 29, 1565.
(17) 9. Vitellozzo Vitelli, bishop elect of Città di Castello. + November 19, 1568.
(18) 10. Giovanni Battista Consiglieri, Roman cleric. + August 25, 1559.

(1) Elected Pope Pius V on January 7, 1566. Died on May 1, 1572. He was beatified by Pope Clement X on May 1, 1672 and canonized by Pope Clement XI on May 22, 1712.

June 14, 1557 (IV)
(19) 1. William Peto, O.F.M.Obs., bishop of Salisbury, England. + April 1558.

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Pius IV (1559-1565)

January 31, 1560 (I)
(1) 1. Giovanni Antonio Serbelloni, bishop of Foligno. + March 18, 1591.
(2) 2. Carlo Borromeo, nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Milan. + November 3, 1584. (1)
(3) 3. Giovanni de' Medici, iuniore, cleric of Florence, son of the duke of Florence. + November 20, 1562.

(1) Canonized by Pope Paul V on November 1, 1610.

February 26, 1561 (II)
(4) 1. Girolamo Seripando, O.S.A., archbishop of Salerno. + April 16, 1563.
(5) 2. Philibert Babou de la Bourdaisière, bishop of Angoulême, France. + January 25, 1570.
(6) 3. Ludovico Simoneta, bishop of Pesaro, datary of His Holiness. + April 30, 1568.
(7) 4. Mark Sittich von Hohenems, nephew of His Holiness, bishop elect of Cassano. + February 15, 1595.
(8) 5. Francesco Gonzaga, protonotary apostolic. + January 6, 1566.
(9) 6. Alfonso Gesualdo, protonotary apostolic. + February 14, 1603.
(10) 7. Gianfrancesco Gambara, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + May 5, 1587.
(11) 8. Marco Antonio Amulio, Venetian ambassador before His Holiness. + March 17, 1572.
(12) 9. Bernardo Salviati, bishop of Saint-Papoul, France, prior in Rome of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, grand almoner of the queen of France. + May 6, 1568.
(13) 10. Stanisław Hosius, bishop of Ermland, Poland. + August 5, 1579.
(14) 11. Pier Francesco Ferrero, bishop of Vercelli. + November 14, 1566
(15) 12. Antoine Perrenot de Granvelle, bishop of Arras, France. + September 21, 1586.
(16) 13. Luigi d'Este, cleric of Ferrara. + December 30, 1586.
(17) 14. Ludovico Madruzzo, cleric of Trent. + April 2, 1600.
(18) 15. Innico d'Avalos d' Aragona, O.S. Iacobis. + February 20, 1600.
(19) 16. Francisco Pacheco de Toledo, cleric of Sevilla, Spain. + August 23, 1579.
(20) 17. Bernardo Navagero, Venetian nobleman. + April 13, 1565.
(21) 18. Girolamo di Corregio, Lombard nobleman. + October 9, 1572.

Note. According to Eubel, Hierarchia Catholica Medii et Recentoris Aevi, III, p. 39, Daniele Matteo Alvise Barbaro, patriarch of Aquileia, was reserved in pectore in this consistory and never published.

January 6, 1563 (III)
(22) 1. Federico Gonzaga, brother of the duke of Mantua. + February 21, 1565.
(23) 2. Ferdinando de' Medici, son of the duke of Florence. + February 17, 1609.

March 12, 1565 (IV)
(24) 1. Annibale Bozzuti, archbishop of Avignon, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + October 6, 1565.
(25) 2. Marco Antonio Colonna, seniore, archbishop of Tarento. + March 14, 1597.
(26) 3. Tolomeo Gallio, archbishop of Manfredonia. + February 3, 1607.
(27) 4. Angelo Nicolini, archbishop of Pisa. + August 15, 1567.
(28) 5. Luigi Pisani, bishop of Padua, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + June 3, 1570.
(29) 6. Prospero Santacroce, bishop of Kisamos, Crete, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, nuncio in France. + November 8, 1589.
(30) 7. Zaccaria Delfino, bishop of Hvar (Lesina), Dalmatia, nuncio in Austria. + January 9, 1584.
(31) 8. Marcantonio Bobba, bishop of Aosta. + March 18, 1575.
(32) 9. Ugo Boncompagni, bishop of Viesti, prefect of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Grace. (1)
(33) 10. Alessandro Sforza, nephew of Pope Paul III, bishop of Parma, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + May 16, 1581.
(34) 11. Simone Pasqua, bishop of Luni-Sarzana, physician of His Holiness. + September 4, 1565.
(35) 12. Flavio Orsini, bishop of Muro, auditor of the Apostolic Chamber. + May 16, 1581.
(36) 13. Carlo Visconti, bishop of Ventimiglia. + November 12, 1565.
(37) 14. Francesco Alciati, bishop elect of Cittá, datary of His Holiness. + April 20, 1580.
(38) 15. Francesco Abbondio Castiglioni, bishop of Bobbio. + November 14, 1568.
(39) 16. Guido Luca Ferrero, bishop of Vercelli, nuncio in Venice. + May 16, 1585.
(40) 17. Alessandro Crivelli, bishop of Cerenza and Cariati, nuncio in Spain. + December 22, 1574.
(41) 18. Antoine de Créqui Canaples, bishop of Amiens, France. + June 20, 1574.
(42) 19. Gianfrancesco Commendone, bishop of Kephalonia and Zacynthus, nuncio in Poland. + December 26, 1584.
(43) 20. Benedetto Lomellini, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + July 26, 1579.
(44) 21. Guglielmo Sirleto, protonotary apostolic. + October 6, 1585.
(45) 22. Gabriele Paleotti, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + July 23, 1597.
(46) 23. Francesco Crasso, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota, governor of Bologna. + August 29, 1566.

(1) Elected Pope Gregory XIII on May 13, 1572. Died on May 25, 1585.

Note. In 1565, Pope Pius IV offered the cardinalate to Jean Parissot de La Valette, O.S.Io.Hieros., grand master of the Order of Malta, in recognition for his heroic defense of Malta against the Turks, but he declined the promotion.

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Pius V (1566-1572)

March 6, 1566 (I)
(1) 1. Michele Bonelli, O.P., grand-nephew of His Holiness. + March 28, 1598.

March 24, 1568 (II)
(2) 1. Diego Espinosa Arévalo, bishop of Sigüenza, Spain, president of the Royal Council of King Philip II of Spain. + September 5, 1572.
(3) 2. Jérôme Souchier, O.Cist., abbot of Clairvaux and of Cîteaux, superior general of his order. + November 10, 1571.
(4) 3. Gianpaolo Della Chiesa, referendary of the Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature of Justice. + January 11, 1575.
(5) 4. Antonio Carafa, protonotary apostolic, canon of the patriarchal Vatican basilica. + January 13, 1591.

Note. Serafino della Chiesa, of the Canons Regular Lateranense, declined the promotion to the cardinalate offered by Pope Pius V; his nephew, Gianpaolo della Chiesa, was promoted in his stead.

May 17, 1570 (III)
(6) 1. Marcantonio Maffei, archbishop of Chieti, datary of His Holiness. + August 22, 1583.
(7) 2. Gaspar Cervantes de Gaete, archbishop of Tarragona, Spain. + October 17, 1575.
(8) 3. Giulio Antonio Santorio, archbishop of Santa Severina. + May 9, 1602.
(9) 4. Pierdonato Cesi, seniore, former administrator of Narni, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + September 29, 1586.
(10) 5. Carlo Grassi, bishop of Montefiascone, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber, governor of Rome and vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. + March 25, 1571.
(11) 6. Charles d'Angennes de Rambouillet, bishop of Mans, ambassador of France. + March 23, 1587.
(12) 7. Felice Peretti Montalto, O.F.M.Conv., bishop of Sant'Agata dei Goti. (1)
(13) 8. Giovanni Aldobrandini, bishop of Imola. + September 7, 1573.
(14) 9. Girolamo Rusticucci, personal secretary of His Holiness, protonotary apostolic. + June 14, 1603.
(15) 10. Giulio Acquaviva d'Aragona, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. + July 21, 1574.
(16) 11. Gaspar de Zúñiga y Avellaneda, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + January 2, 1571.
(17) 12. Nicolas de Pellevé, archbishop of Sens, France. + March 28, 1594.
(18) 13. Archangelo de' Bianchi, O.P., bishop of Teano. + January 18, 1580.
(19) 14. Paolo Burali d'Arezzo, Theat., bishop of Piacenza. + June 17, 1578. (2)
(20) 15. Vincenzo Giustiniani, O.P., superior general of his order. + October 28, 1582.
(21) 16. Gian Girolamo Albani, protonotary apostolic, governor of the Marches. + April 15, 1591.

(1) Elected Pope Sixtus V on April 24, 1585. Died on August 27, 1590.
(2) Beatified by Pope Clement XIV in 1772.

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Gregory XIII (1572-1585)

June 2, 1572 (I)
(1) 1. Filippo Boncompagni, nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Bologna. + June 9, 1586.

Note. Several sources mention that Antal Verancsics, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary, was created cardinal on June 5, 1573 and died a few days later, on June 15, 1573, before receiving the news.

July 5, 1574 (II)
(2) 1. Filippo Guastavillani, nephew of His Holiness, cleric of Bologna. + August 17, 1587.

November 19, 1576 (III)
(3) 1. Andreas von Austria, son of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria. + November 12, 1600.

March 3, 1577 (IV)
(4) 1. Albrecht von Austria, archduke of Austria, son Emperor Maximilian II. + July 13, 1621.

February 21, 1578 (V)
(5) 1. Alessandro Riario, titular patriarch of Alexandria. + July 18, 1585.
(6) 2. Claude de La Baume, archbishop of Besançon, France. + June 14, 1584.
(7) 3. Louis II de Guise, archbishop elect of Reims, France. + December 24, 1588.
(8) 4. Gerard van Groesbeeck, prince-bishop of Liége, Belgium. + December 23, 1580.
(9) 5. Pedro de Deza, president of Valladolid, Spain. + August 27, 1600.
(10) 6. Fernando de Toledo Oropesa, cleric of Sevilla, Spain. + 1590. (1)
(11) 7. René de Birague, cleric of Milan. + November 24, 1583.
(12) 8. Charles II de Lorraine de Vaudémont, brother of the Queen of France. + October 30, 1587.
(13) 9. Giovanni Vincenzo Gonzaga, knight of the Order Hospitalaire of Saint John of Jerusalem, prior of Barletta. + December 22, 1591.

(1) Declined his promotion to the cardinalate; the pope accepted his decision on July 4, 1578.

December 15, 1578 (VI)
(14) 1. Gaspar de Quiroga y Vela, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + November 12, 1594.

December 12, 1583 (VII)
(15) 1. Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, seniore, titular patriarch of Jerusalem. (1)
(16) 2. Giambattista Castagna, former archbishop of Rossano. (2)
(17) 3. Alessandro Ottaviano de' Medici, ambassador of the grand duke of Tuscany, archbishop of Florence. (3)
(18) 4. Rodrigo de Castro Osorio, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + September 18, 1600.
(19) 5. François de Joyeuse, archbishop of Narbonne, France. + August 23, 1615
(20) 6. Michele Della Torre, bishop of Ceneda. + February 21, 1586.
(21) 7. Giulio Canani, bishop of Adria. + November 27, 1592.
(22) 8. Niccolò Sfondrati, bishop of Cremona. (4)
(23) 9. Antonmaria Salviati, bishop of Saint-Papoul, France, nuncio in France. + April 16, 1602.
(24) 10. Agostino Valier, bishop of Verona. + May 23, 1606.
(25) 11. Vincenzo Lauro, bishop of Mondovì, nuncio before the duke of Savoy. + December 17, 1592.
(26) 12. Filippo Spinola, bishop of Nola. + August 20, 1593.
(27) 13. Alberto Bolognetti, bishop of Massa marittima, nuncio in Poland. + May 17, 1585.
(28) 14. Jerzy Radziwiłł, bishop of Vilnius, Lithuania. + January 21, 1600.
(29) 15. Matthieu Cointerel, datary of His Holiness, canon of the Vatican basilica. + November 29, 1585.
(30) 16. Simeone Tagliavia d'Aragonia, abbot. + May 20, 1604.
(31) 17. Scipione Lancelotti, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + June 2, 1598.
(32) 18. Charles III de Bourbon de Vendôme, archbishop coadjutor of Rouen, France. + July 30, 1594.
(33) 19. Francesco Sforza, Roman cleric. + September 11, 1624.

(1) Elected Pope Innocent IX on October 29, 1591. Died on December 30, 1591.
(2) Elected Pope Urban VII on September 15, 1590. Died on September 27, 1590.
(3) Elected Pope Leo XI on April 1, 1605. Died on April 27, 1605.
(4) Elected Pope Gregory XIV on December 5, 1590. Died on October 16, 1591.

July 4, 1584 (VIII)
(34) 1. Andrzej Batory, ambassador of Poland before the Holy See. + October 28, 1599.

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Sixtus V (1585-1590)

May 13, 1585 (I)
(1) 1. Alessandro Damasceni Peretti, grand-nephew of His Holiness, Roman cleric. + June 2, 1623.

December 18, 1585 (II)
(2) 1. Enrico Caetani, titular patriarch of Alexandria. + December 13, 1599.
(3) 2. György Draskovics, archbishop of Kalocza-Bacs, Hungary. + January 21, 1587.
(4) 3. Giovanni Battista Castrucci, archbishop of Chieti. + August 18, 1595.
(5) 4. Federico Cornaro, seniore, O.S.Io.Hieros., bishop of Padua. + October 4, 1590.
(6) 5. Ippolito de' Rossi, bishop of Pavia. + April 28, 1591.
(7) 6. Domenico Pinelli, seniore, former bishop of Fermo. + August 9, 1611.
(8) 7. Decio Azzolini, seniore, secretary of the pope, bishop of Cervi. + October 9, 1587.
(9) 8. Ippolito Aldobrandini, seniore, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota and datary of His Holiness. (1)

(1) Elected Pope Clement VIII on January 30, 1592. Died on March 5, 1605.

November 16, 1586 (III)
(10) 1. Girolamo della Rovere, archbishop of Turin. + February 7, 1592.
(11) 2. Philippe de Lénoncourt, counselor of the king of France, former bishop of Auxerre, France. + December 13, 1592.
(12) 3. Girolamo Bernerio, O.P., bishop of Ascoli-Piceno. + August 5, 1611.
(13) 4. Antonio Maria Gallo, bishop of Perugia. + March 30, 1620.
(14) 5. Costanzo da Sarnano O.F.M.Conv. + December 20, 1595.
(15) 6. Girolamo Mattei, auditor of the Apostolic Chamber. + December 8, 1603.
(16) 7. Benedetto Giustiniani, referendary and general treasurer. + March 27, 1621.
(17) 8. Ascanio Colonna, abbot of Santa Sofia, Benevento. + May 17, 1608.

August 7, 1587 (IV)
(18) 1. William Allen, English cleric, protonotary apostolic. + October 16, 1594

December 18, 1587 (V)
(19) 1. Scipione Gonzaga, titular patriarch of Jerusalem. + January 11, 1593.
(20) 2. Antonmaria Sauli, archbishop of Genoa. + August 24, 1623.
(21) 3. Giovanni Evangelista Pallotta, datary of His Holiness, archbishop of Cosenza. + August 22, 1620.
(22) 4. Pierre de Gondi, bishop of Paris, France. + February 17, 1616.
(23) 5. Stefano Bonucci, O.S.M., bishop of Arezzo. + January 2, 1589.
(24) 6. Juan Hurtado de Mendoza, archdeacon of the cathedral of Toledo, Spain. + January 6, 1592.
(25) 7. Hughes de Loubenx de Verdalle, grand master of the Order of Saint John of Jerusalem. + May 4, 1595.
(26) 8. Federico Borromeo, seniore, chamberlain of His Holiness. + September 21, 1631.

July 15, 1588 (VI)
(27) 1. Gianfrancesco Morosini, bishop of Brescia. + January 10, 1596.

December 14, 1588 (VII)
(28) 1. Agostino Cusani, protonotary apostolic, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, general auditor of causes before the Apostolic Chamber. + October 20, 1598.
(29) 2. Francesco Maria Bourbon del Monte Santa Maria, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace. + August 27, 1626.

December 20, 1589 (VIII)
(30) 1. Mariano Pierbenedetti, bishop of Martorano, governor of Rome and vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. + January 21, 1611.
(31) 2. Gregorio Petrocchini, O.E.S.A., prior general of his order. + May 19, 1612.
(32) 3. Charles III de Lorraine-Vaudémont, bishop elect of Metz, France. + November 24, 1607.
(33) 4. Guido Pepoli, treasurer general of His Holiness. + June 1599.

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Urban VII (1590)

Pope Urban VII was elected on September 15, 1590 and died on September 27, 1590. He did not create any cardinals.

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Gregory XIV (1590-1591)

December 19, 1590 (I)
(1) 1. Paolo Emilio Sfondrati, nephew of His Holiness. + February 14, 1618.

March 6, 1591 (II)
(2) 1. Ottavio Paravicini, bishop of Alessandria, nuncio in Switzerland. + February 3, 1611.
(3) 2. Ottavio Acquaviva d'Aragona, seniore, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, majordome of His Holiness. + December 5, 1612.
(4) 3. Odoardo Farnese, abbot commendatario of Grottaferrata. + February 21, 1626.
(5) 4. Flaminio Piatti, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + November 1, 1613.

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Innocent IX (1591)

December 18, 1591 (I)
(1) 1. Filippo Sega, bishop of Piacenza. + May 29, 1596.
(2) 2. Giovanni Antonio Facchinetti de Nuce, iuniore, grand-nephew of His Holiness. + May 18, 1606.

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Clement VIII (1592-1605)

September 17, 1593 (I)
(1) 1. Lucio Sassi, datary of His Holiness. + February 29, 1604.
(2) 2. Francisco de Toledo Herrera, S.J. + September 14, 1596.
(3) 3. Pietro Aldobrandini, nephew of His Holiness. + February 10, 1621.
(4) 4. Cinzio Passeri Aldobrandini, nephew of His Holiness. + January 1, 1610.

June 5, 1596 (II)
(5) 1. Silvio Savelli, titular patriarch of Constantinople. + January 22, 1599.
(6) 2. Lorenzo Priuli, patriarch of Venice. + January 21, 1600.
(7) 3. Francesco Maria Tarugi, Orat., archbishop of Avignon, France. + June 11, 1608.
(8) 4. Ottavio Bandini, archbishop of Fermo. + August 1, 1629.
(9) 5. Francesco Cornaro, iuniore, bishop of Treviso, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + April 23, 1598.
(10) 6. Anne d'Escars de Givry, O.S.B., bishop of Lisieux, France. + April 19, 1612.
(11) 7. Gian Francesco Biandrate di San Giorgio Aldobrandini, bishop of Acqui. + July 16, 1605.
(12) 8. Camillo Borghese, auditor of the Apostolic Chamber. (1)
(13) 9. Cesare Baronio, Orat., protonotary apostolic de numero participantium. + June 30, 1607.
(14) 10. Lorenzo Bianchetti, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + March 12, 1612.
(15) 11. Francisco de Ávila, archdeacon of Toledo, Spain. + January 20, 1606.
(16) 12. Fernando Niño de Guevara, president of Granada. + January 8, 1609.
(17) 13. Bartolomeo Cesi, treasurer general of the Apostolic Chamber. + October 18, 1621.
(18) 14. Francesco Mantica, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + January 30,1614.
(19) 15. Pompeio Arrigoni, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + April 4, 1616.
(20) 16. Andrea Baroni Peretti Montalto, protonotary apostolic. + August 3, 1629.

(1) Elected Pope Paul V on May 16, 1605. Died on January 28, 1621.

December 18, 1596 (III)
(21) 1. Philipp Wilhelm von Bayern, bishop elect of Regensburg, Bavaria. + May 18, 1598.

March 3, 1599 (IV)
(22) 1. Bonifazio Bevilacqua, titular patriarch of Constantinople. + April 7, 1627.
(23) 2. Bernardo de Rojas y Sandoval, bishop of Jaén, Spain. + December 7, 1618.
(24) 3. Alfonso Visconti, bishop of Cervia. + September 19, 1608.
(25) 4. Domenico Toschi, bishop of Tivoli. + March 26, 1620.
(26) 5. Arnaud d'Ossat, bishop of Rennes, France. + March 13, 1604.
(27) 6. Paolo Emilio Zacchia. + May 31, 1605.
(28) 7. Franz Seraph von Dietrichstein. + September 19, 1636.
(29) 8. Silvio Antoniano. + August 16, 1603.
(30) 9. Roberto Bellarmino, S.J. + September 17, 1621.
(31) 10. Bonviso Bonvisi, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + September 1, 1603.
(32) 11. François d'Escoubleau de Sourdis . + February 8, 1628.
(33) 12. Alessandro d'Este, brother of the duke of Modena. + May 13, 1624.
(34) 13. Giovanni Battista Deti. + July 13, 1630.

Note. According to Marcellin Fornier's Histoire générale des Alpes, (Paris : H. Champion ; Gap : Jouglard, 1890), II, 538-604, Guillaume de St-Marcel d'Avançon, archbishop of Embrun, France, was granted the cardinal's hat but died in 1600 before the promotion took effect. Biographical entries of the archbishop in Enciclopedia Universal Ilustrada Europeo Americana, Diccionario Hispano Americano and Enciclopedia Seguí, also mention the promotion to the cardinalate.

September 17, 1603 (V)
(35) 1. Silvestro Aldobrandini, prior of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, grand-nephew of His Holiness. + January 28, 1612.

June 9, 1604 (VI)
(36) 1. Séraphin Olivier-Razali, titular patriarch of Alexandria, auditor of the Sacred Roman Rota. + February 10, 1609.
(37) 2. Domenico Ginnasi, archbishop of Manfredonia. + March 12, 1639.
(38) 3. Antonio Zapata y Cisneros, archbishop of Burgos, Spain. + April 27, 1635.
(39) 4. Filippo Spinelli, titular archbishop of Rodi, bishop of Policastro, cleric of the Apostolic Chamber. + May 25, 1616.
(40) 5. Carlo Conti, bishop of Ancona. + December 3, 1615.
(41) 6. Bernard Maciejowski, bishop of Kraków, Poland. + January 19, 1608.
(42) 7. Carlo Gaudenzio Madruzzo, bishop of Trento. + August 14, 1629.
(43) 8. Jacques Davy Du Perron, bishop of Évreux, France. + September 5, 1618.
(44) 9. Innocenzo del Bufalo-Cancellieri, bishop of Camerino, nuncio in France. + March 27, 1610.
(45) 10. Giovanni Delfino, bishop of Vicenza. + November 25, 1622.
(46) 11. Giacomo Sannesio, protonotary apostolic. + February 19, 1621.
(47) 12. Erminio Valenti. + August 22, 1618.
(48) 13. Girolamo Agucchi, preceptor of the Hospital Santo Sprito in Sassia, Rome. + April 27, 1605.
(49) 14. Girolamo Pamphilj, dean of the Sacred Roman Rota. + August 11, 1610.
(50) 15. Ferdinando Taverna, referendary of the Tribunals of the Apostolic Signature of Justice and of Grace, governor of Rome. + August 29, 1619.
(51) 16. Anselmo Marzato, O.F.M.Cap. + August 17, 1607.
(52) 17. Giovanni Doria. + November 19, 1642.
(53) 18. Carlo Emmanuele Pio, seniore. + June 1, 1641.

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SUMMARY
Pius III (1503) - did not create any cardinals
Julius II (1503-1513) - created 27 cardinals
Leo X (1513-1521) - created 42 cardinals
Adrian VI (1522-1523) - created 1 cardinal
Clement VII (1523-1534) - created 33 cardinals
Paul III (1534-1549) - created 71 cardinals
Julius III (1550-1555) - created 20 cardinals
Marcellus II (1555) - did not create any cardinals
Paul IV (1555-1559) - created 19 cardinals
Pius IV (1559-1565) - created 46 cardinals
Pius V (1566-1572) - created 21 cardinals
Gregory XIII (1572-1585) - created 34 cardinals
Sixtus V (1585-1590) - created 33 cardinals
Urban VII (1590) - did not create any cardinals
Gregory XIV (1590-1591) - created 5 cardinals
Innocent IX (1591) - created 2 cardinals
Clement VIII (1591-1605) - created 53 cardinals
Total: 407 cardinals

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