The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church

Consistories for the creation of Cardinals
20th Century (1903-2005)

Pius X (1903-1914) Benedict XV (1914-1922) Pius XI (1922-1939) Pius XII (1939-1958)
John XXIII (1958-1963) Paul VI (1963-1978) John Paul I (1978) John Paul II (1978-2005)
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Pius X (1903-1914)

November 9, 1903 (I)
(1) 1. Rafael Merry del Val y Zulueta, titular archbishop of Nicea, pro-secretary of State. + February 26, 1930.
(2) 2. Giuseppe Callegari, bishop of Padova, Italy. + April 14, 1906.

December 11, 1905 (II)
(3) 1. József Samassa, archbishop of Eger, Austria-Hungary. + August 20, 1912.
(4) 2. Marcelo Spínola y Maestre, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + January 20, 1906.
(5) 3. Joaquim Arcoverde de Albuquerque Cavalcanti, archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. + April 18, 1930.
(6) 4. Ottavio Cagiano de Azevedo, papal majordomo. + July 11, 1927.

April 15, 1907 (III)
(7) 1. Aristide Cavallari, patriarch of Venice, Italy. + November 24, 1914.
(8) 2. Gregorio María Aguirre y García, O.F.M., archbishop of Burgos, Spain. + October 10, 1913.
(9) 3. Aristide Rinaldini, titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Spain. + February 10, 1920.
(10) 4. Benedetto Lorenzelli, archbishop of Lucca, Italy. + September 15, 1915.
(11) 5. Pietro Maffi, archbishop of Pisa, Italy. + March 17, 1931.
(12) 6. Alessandro Lualdi, archbishop of Palermo, Italy. + November 12, 1927.
(13) 7. Desirè Mercier, archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium. + January 23, 1926.

December 16, 1907 (IV)
(14) 1. Pietro Gasparri, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. + November 18, 1934.
(15) 2. Louis-Henri Luçon, archbishop of Reims, France. + May 28, 1930.
(16) 3. Paulin-Pierre Andrieu, archbishop of Marseille, France. + February 15, 1935.
(17) 4. Gaetano de Lai, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + October 24, 1928.

November 27, 1911 (V)
(18) 1. António Mendes Bello, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal. + August 5, 1929. (1).
(19) 2. José María Cos y Macho, archbishop of Valladolid, Spain. + December 17, 1919.
(20) 3. Diomede Falconio, O.F.M., titular archbishop of Larissa, apostolic delegate in the United States of America. + February 8, 1917.
(21) 4. Antonio Vico, titular archbishop of Filippi, nuncio in Spain. + February 25, 1929.
(22) 5. Gennaro Granito Pignatelli di Belmonte, titular archbishop of Edessa di Osröene. + February 16, 1948.
(23) 6. John Murphy Farley, archbishop of New York, United States of America. + September 17, 1918.
(24) 7. Francis Bourne, archbishop of Westminster, England. + January 1, 1935.
(25) 8. František Saleský Bauer, archbishop of Olomouc, Moravia, Austria-Hungary. + November 25, 1915.
(26) 9. Léon-Adolphe Amette, archbishop of Paris, France. + August 29, 1920.
(27) 10. William Henry O'Connell, archbishop of Boston, United States of America. + April 22, 1944.
(28) 11. Enrique Almaraz Santos, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + January 22, 1922.
(29) 12. François-Virgile Dubillard, archbishop of Chambéry, France. + December 1, 1914.
(30) 13. Franz Xaver Nagl, archbishop of Vienna, Austria-Hungary. + February 4, 1913.
(31) 14. François-Marie-Anatole de Rovériè de Cabriéres, bishop of Montpellier, France. + December 21, 1921.
(32) 15. Gaetano Bisleti, prefect of the pontifical domus. + August 30, 1937.
(33) 16. Giovanni Battista Lugari, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + July 31, 1914.
(34) 17. Basilio Pompilj, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + May 5, 1931.
(35) 18. Louis Billot, S.J. + December 18, 1931. (2).
(36) 19. Willem Marinus van Rossum, C.SS.R. + August 30, 1932.

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of May 25, 1914.
(2) Due to his sympathy for the movement Action Française, which was condemned by Pope Pius XI, he resigned the cardinalate on September 13, 1927. The resignation was accepted by the pope in a letter of September 21, 1927 and announced to the cardinals in the consistory of December 19, 1927.

Note. According to Christoph Weber, Quellen und Studien zur Kurie und zur vatikanischen Politik unter Leo XIII; mit Berücksichtigung der Beziehungen des Hl. Stuhles zu den Dreibundmächten, Pope Pius X planned to create cardinal Diomede Panici, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, secretary of the S.C. of Rites, but that he died before the promotion took place.

December 2, 1912 (VI)
(37) 1. Károl Hornig, bishop of Veszprém, Austria-Hungary. + February 9, 1917.

May 25, 1914 (VII)
(38) 1. Victoriano Guisasola y Menéndez, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + September 2, 1920.
(39) 2. Louis-Nazaire Bégin, archbishop of Québec, Canada. + July, 1925.
(40) 3. Domenico Serafini, O.S.B.Cas., titular archbishop of Seleucia Pieria, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + March 5, 1918.
(41) 4. Giacomo della Chiesa, archbishop of Bologna, Italy (1).
(42) 5. János Csernoch, archbishop of Esztergom, Austria-Hungary. + July 25, 1927.
(43) 6. Franz von Bettinger, archbishop of München und Freising, Germany. + April 12, 1917.
(44) 7. Hector-Irénée Sévin, archbishop of Lyon, France. + May 4, 1916.
(45) 8. Felix von Hartmann, archbishop of Cologne, Germany. + November 11, 1919.
(46) 9. Friedrich Gustav Piffl, Can. Reg. of Saint Augustine, archbishop of Vienna, Austria-Hungary. + April 21, 1932.
(47) 10. Scipione Tecchi, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial. + February 7, 1915.
(48) 11. Filippo Giustini, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + March 17, 1920.
(49) 12. Michele Lega, dean of the Sacred Tribunal of the Roman Rota. + December 16, 1935.
(50) 13. Francis Aidan Gasquet, O.S.B., president of the English Benedictine Confederation. + April 5, 1929.

(1) Elected Pope Benedict XV on September 3, 1914. Died on January 22, 1922.

Note. According to Annuarire Pontifical Catholique 1915, Pope Pius X revealed that he had offered the cardinalate to Armando Pietro Sabadel, O.F.M.Cap., titular archbishop of Corinto, consultor of the Pontifical Commission for the Codification of the Code of Canon Law, but that he had declined the promotion.

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Benedict XV (1914-1922)

December 6, 1915 (I)
(1) 1. Giulio Tonti, titular archbishop of Ancira, nuncio in Portugal. + December 11, 1918.
(2) 2. Alfonso Maria Mistrangelo, Sch.P., archbishop of Florence, Italy. + November 7, 1930.
(3) 3. Giovanni Cagliero, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Sebaste in Armenia Prima, apostolic delegate in Central America. + February 28, 1926.
(4) 4. Andreas Frühwirth, O.P., titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Bavaria. + February 9, 1933.
(5) 5. Raffaele Scapinelli di Leguigno, titular archbishop of Laodicea, nuncio in Austria-Hungary. + September 16, 1933.
(6) 6. Giorgio Gusmini, archbishop of Bologna, Italy. + August 24, 1921.

December 4, 1916 (II)
(7) 1. Pietro La Fontaine, patriarch of Venice, Italy. + July 9, 1935.
(8) 2. Vittorio Amedeo Ranuzzi de' Bianchi, titular archbishop of Tiro, papal majordomo. + February 16, 1927.
(9) 3. Donato Raffaele Sbarretti, titular archbishop of Efeso, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + April 1, 1939.
(10) 4. Auguste-René Dubourg, archbishop of Rennes, France. + September 22, 1921.
(11) 5. Louis-Ernest Dubois, archbishop of Rouen, France. + September 23, 1929.
(12) 6. Tommaso Pio Boggiani, O.P., titular archbishop of Edessa di Osröene, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial. + February 26, 1942.
(13) 7. Alessio Ascalesi, C.PP.S., archbishop of Benevento, Italy. + May 11, 1952.
(14) 8. Louis-Joseph Maurin, archbishop of Lyon, France. + November 16, 1936.
(15) 9. Adolf Bertram, bishop of Breslau, Germany. + July 6, 1945. (1)
(16) 10. Niccolò Marini, secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. + July 27, 1923.
(17) 11. Oreste Giorgi, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + December 30, 1924.

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of December 15, 1919. The name of another cardinal created in this consistory and also reserved in pectore was never published. According to Õsterreichische Biographische Lexikon 1815-1950, the latter one was Count Paul Huyn, prince-archbishop of Prague.

December 15, 1919 (III)
(18) 1. Filippo Camassei, Latin patriarch of Jerusalem, Palestine. + January 18, 1921.
(19) 2. Augusto Silj, titular archbishop of Cesarea, vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. + February 27, 1926.
(20) 3. Juan Soldevilla y Romero, archbishop of Zaragoza, Spain. + June 4, 1923.
(21) 4. Teodoro Valfrè di Bonzo, titular archbishop of Trebisonda, nuncio in Austria. + June 25, 1922.
(22) 5. Aleksander Kakowski, archbishop of Warsaw, Poland. + December 30, 1938.
(23) 6. Edmund Dalbor, archbishop of Gniezno and Poznań, Poland. + February 13, 1926.

March 7, 1921 (IV)
(24) 1. Francesco Ragonesi, titular archbishop of Mira, nuncio in Spain. + September 14, 1931.
(25) 2. Michael von Faulhaber, archbishop of München und Freising, Germany. + June 12, 1952.
(26) 3. Denis Dougherty, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States of America. + May 31, 1951.
(27) 4. Juan Bautista Benlloch y Vivó, archbishop of Burgos, Spain. + February 14, 1926.
(28) 5. Francisco de Asís Vidal y Barraquer, archbishop of Tarragona, Spain. + September 13, 1943.
(29) 6. Karl Joseph Schulte, archbishop of Cologne, Germany. + March 11, 1941.

June 13, 1921 (V)
(30) 1. Giovanni Tacci, titular archbishop of Nicea, prefect of the Sacred Palace. + June 30, 1928.
(31) 2. Achille Ratti, titular archbishop of Adana, nuncio in Poland (1)
(32) 3. Camillo Laurenti, secretary of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith + September 6, 1938.

(1) Elected Pope Pius XI on February 6, 1922. Died on February 10, 1939.

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Pius XI (1922-1939)

December 11, 1922 (I)
(1) 1.
Achille Locatelli, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Portugal. + April 5, 1935.
(2) 2. Giovanni Bonzano, P.I.M.E., titular archbishop of Melitene, apostolic delegate in the United States of America. + November 26, 1927.
(3) 3. Enrique Reig y Casanova, archbishop of Valencia, Spain. + August 25, 1927.
(4) 4. Alexis Charost, archbishop of Rennes, France. + November 7, 1930.
(5) 5. Eugenio Tosi, O.SS.C.A., archbishop of Milan, Italy. + January 7, 1929.
(6) 6. Stanislas-Arthur-Xavier Touchet, bishop of Orléans, France. + September 23, 1926.
(7) 7. Giuseppe Mori, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + September 30, 1934.
(8) 8. Franz Ehrle, S.J. + March 31, 1934.

May 23, 1923 (II)
(9) 1.
Giovanni Battista Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, archbishop of Bologna, Italy. + March 13, 1952.
(10) 2. Luigi Sincero, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial. + February 7, 1936.

December 20, 1923 (III)
(11) 1.
Evaristo Lucidi, secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.+ March 31, 1929.
(12) 2. Aurelio Galli, secretary of Briefs to the Princes.+ March 26, 1929.

Note. According to Yves Chiron, Pie XI : 1857-1939 (Paris : Perrin, 2004), p. 130, in 1923 Pope Pius XI wanted to promote Msgr. Ricardo Sanz de Samper y Campuzano, his majordome, to the cardinalate, but changed his mind when King Alfonso XIII of Spain insisted that he appoint cardinals from South America. Msgr. Sanz de Samper was from Santa Fe de Bogotá, Colombia. The pope did not wish to appear to have been influenced by political considerations.

March 24, 1924 (IV)
(13) 1.
George William Mundelein, archbishop of Chicago, United States of America. + October 2, 1939.
(14) 2. Patrick Joseph Hayes, archbishop of New York, United States of America. + September 4, 1938.

March 30, 1925 (V)
(15) 1.
Eustaquio Ilundain y Esteban, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + August 10, 1937.
(16) 2. Vicente Casanova y Marzol, archbishop of Granada, Spain. + October 23, 1930.

December 14, 1925 (VI)
(17) 1.
Bonaventura Cerretti, titular archbishop of Corinto, nuncio in France. + May 8, 1933.
(18) 2. Enrico Gasparri, titular archbishop of Sebaste, nuncio in Brazil. + May 20, 1946.
(19) 3. Patrick O'Donnell, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + October 22, 1927.
(20) 4. Alessandro Verde, secretary of the S.C. of Rites. + March 29, 1958.

June 21, 1926 (VII)
(21) 1.
Luigi Capotosti, titular archbishop of Terme, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + February 16, 1938.
(22) 2. Carlo Perosi, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + February 22, 1930.

December 20, 1926 (VIII)
(23) 1.
Lorenzo Lauri, titular archbishop of Efeso, nuncio in Poland. + October 8, 1941.
(24) 2. Giuseppe Gamba, archbishop of Turin, Italy. + December 26, 1929.

June 20, 1927 (IX)
(25) 1.
Jozef-Ernest van Roey, archbishop of Mechelen, Belgium. + August 6, 1961.
(26) 2. August Hlond, S.D.B., archbishop of Gniezno and Poznań, Poland. + October 22, 1948.

December 19, 1927 (X)
(27) 1.
Alexis-Henri-Marie Lépicier, O.S.M., titular archbishop of Tarso, apostolic visitor to Abyssinia and Eritrea. + May 20, 1936.
(28) 2. Félix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, O.P., archbishop of Québec, Canada. + May 31, 1931.
(29) 3. Pedro Segura y Sáenz, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + April 8, 1957.
(30) 4. Henri-Charles-Joseph Binet, archbishop of Besançon, France. + July 15, 1936.
(31) 5. Jusztinián György Séredi, O.S.B., archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary. + March 29, 1945.

Note. According to an article by ecclesiastical historian Msgr. Vicente Cárcel y Ortí, in a letter written in 1928, King Alfonso XIII asked Pope Pius XI that Valencia would again be a cardinalitial see (its last cardinal, Archbishop Enrique Reig y Casanova, had been transferred in 1922 to the metropolitan and primatial see of Toledo) and to promote its archbishop Prudencio Melo y Alcalde to the cardinalate. Msgr. Cárcel Ortí found the letter in the Secret Vatican Archive in the fund pertaining to that pontiff. The pope responded in writing saying that at the moment he could not make the promotion because Spain already had the habitual number of cardinals, four, two of them fixed, Toledo and Sevilla; and the other two variable. The pope recommended that the monarch wait for a future occasion but the time passed, and because of the circumstances, it was not possible. Not until 2007 did Valencia have a cardinal again, when Pope Benedict XVI promoted Archbishop Agustín García-Gasco Vicente to the cardinalate.

July 15, 1929 (XI)
(32) 1.
Alfredo Ildefonso Schuster, O.S.B., archbishop-elect of Milan, Italy. + August 30, 1954.

December 16, 1929 (XII)
(33) 1.
Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal. + August 2, 1977.
(34) 2. Eugenio Pacelli, titular archbishop of Sardes, nuncio in Germany (1).
(35) 3. Luigi Lavitrano, archbishop of Palermo, Italy. + August 2, 1950.
(36) 4. Carlo Dalmazio Minoretti, archbishop of Genoa, Italy. + March 13, 1938.
(37) 5. Joseph Mac Rory, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + October 13, 1945.
(38) 6. Jean Verdier, P.S.S., archbishop of Paris, France. + April 9, 1940.

(1) Elected Pope Pius XII on March 2, 1939. Died on October 9, 1958.

June 30, 1930 (XIII)
(39) 1.
Sebastião Leme da Silveira Cintra, archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. + October 17, 1942.
(40) 2. Francesco Marchetti Selvaggiani, titular archbishop of Seleucia di Isauria, president of the Superior Central Council of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. + January 13, 1951.
(41) 3. Raffaele Carlo Rossi, O.C.D., titular archbishop of Tessalonica, assessor of the S.C. Consistorial. + September 17, 1948.
(42) 4. Giulio Serafini, titular archbishop of Lampsaco, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + July 16, 1938.
(43) 5. Achille Liénart, bishop of Lille, France. + February 15, 1973.

March 13, 1933 (XIV)
(44) 1.
Angelo Maria Dolci, titular archbishop of Gerapoli di Siria, nuncio in Romania. + September 13, 1939.
(45) 2. Pietro Fumasoni Biondi, titular archbishop of Doclea, apostolic delegate in the United States of America. + July 12, 1960.
(46) 3. Federico Tedeschini, titular archbishop of Lepanto, nuncio in Spain. + November 2, 1959. (1).
(47) 4. Maurilio Fossati, O.SS.C.G., archbishop of Turin, Italy. + March 30, 1965.
(48) 5. Carlo Salotti, titular archbishop of Filippopoli di Tracia, secretary of the S.C. for the Propagation of the Faith. + October 24, 1947.
(49) 6. Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, O.M.I., archbishop of Québec, Canada. + January 17, 1947.
(50) 7. Elia dalla Costa, archbishop of Florence, Italy. + December 22, 1961.
(51) 8. Theodor Innitzer, archbishop of Vienna, Austria. + October 9, 1955.

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of December 16, 1935.

December 16, 1935 (XV)
(52) 1.
Ignace Gabriel I Tappouni, patriarch of Antioch of the Syrians, Syria. + January 29, 1968.
(53) 2. Enrico Sibilia, titular archbishop of Side, nuncio in Austria. + August 4, 1948.
(54) 3. Francesco Marmaggi, titular archbishop of Adrianopoli, nuncio in Poland.+ November 3, 1949.
(55) 4. Luigi Maglione, titular archbishop of Cesarea in Palestina, nuncio in France.+ August 22, 1944.
(56) 5. Carlo Cremonesi, titular archbishop of Nicomedia. + November 25, 1943.
(57) 6. Alfred-Henri-Marie Baudrillart, Orat., titular archbishop of Melitene, vicar general of Paris, France. + May 19, 1942.
(58) 7. Emmanuel-Célestin Suhard, archbishop of Reims, France. + May 30, 1949.
(59) 8. Karel Kašpar, archbishop of Prague, Czechoslovakia. + April 21, 1941.
(60) 9. Santiago Luis Copello, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina. + February 9, 1967.
(61) 10. Isidro Gomá Tomás, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + August 22, 1940.
(62) 11. Camillo Caccia Dominioni, papal majordome. + November 12, 1946.
(63) 12. Nicola Canali, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + August 3, 1961.
(64) 13. Domenico Jorio, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + October 21, 1954.
(65) 14. Vincenzo La Puma, secretary of the S.C. of Religious. + November 4, 1943.
(66) 15. Federico Cattani Amadori, secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. + April 11, 1943.
(67) 16. Massimo Massimi, dean of the Sacred Roman Rota. + March 6, 1954.
(68) 17. Domenico Mariani, secretary of the Administration of the Wealth of the Holy See. + April 23, 1939.
(69) 18. Pietro Boetto, S.J. + January 31, 1946.

June 15, 1936 (XVI)
(70) 1.
Giovanni Mercati, prefect of the Vatican Library. + August 23, 1957.
(71) 2. Eugène Tisserant, pro-prefect of the Vatican Library. + February 21, 1972.

December 13, 1937 (XVII)
(72) 1.
Adeodato Giovanni Piazza, O.C.D., patriarch of Venice, Italy. + November 30, 1957.
(73) 2. Ermenegildo Pellegrinetti, titular archbishop of Adana, nuncio in Yugoslavia. + March 29, 1943.
(74) 3. Arthur Hinsley, archbishop of Westminster, England. + March 17, 1943.
(75) 4. Giuseppe Pizzardo, titular archbishop of Nicea, secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs.+ August 1, 1970.
(76) 5. Pierre-Marie Gerlier, archbishop of Lyon, France. + January 17, 1965.

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Pius XII (1939-1958)

February 18, 1946 (I)
(1) 1.
Grégoire-Pierre XV Agagianian, patriarch of Cilicia of the Armenians, Armenia, U.S.S.R. + May 16, 1971.
(2) 2. John Joseph Glennon, archbishop of St. Louis, United States of America. + March 9, 1946.
(3) 3. Benedetto Aloisi Masella, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Mauritania, nuncio in Brazil. + September 30, 1970.
(4) 4. Clemente Micara, titular archbishop of Apamea di Siria, nuncio in Belgium and internuncio in Luxemburg. + March 11, 1965.
(5) 5. Adam Stefan Sapieha, archbishop of Kraków, Poland. + July 23, 1951.
(6) 6. Edward Aloysius Mooney, archbishop of Detroit, United States of America. + October 25, 1958.
(7) 7. Jules-Géraud Saliège, archbishop of Toulouse, France. + November 5, 1956.
(8) 8. James Charles McGuigan, archbishop of Toronto, Canada. + April 6, 1974.
(9) 9. Samuel Alphonse Stritch, archbishop of Chicago, United States of America. + May 26, 1958.
(10) 10. Agustín Parrado y García, archbishop of Granada, Spain. + October 8, 1946.
(11) 11. Clément-Émile Roques, archbishop of Rennes, France. + September 4, 1964.
(12) 12. Jan de Jong, archbishop of Utrecht, Holland. + September 8, 1955.
(13) 13. Carlos Carmelo de Vasconcelos Motta, archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil. + September 18, 1982.
(14) 14. Pierre Petit de Julleville, archbishop of Rouen, France. + December 10, 1947.
(15) 15. Norman Thomas Gilroy, archbishop of Sydney, Australia. + October 21, 1977.
(16) 16. Francis Joseph Spellman, archbishop of New York, United States of America. + December 2, 1967.
(17) 17. José María Caro Rodríguez, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile. + December 4, 1958.
(18) 18. Teodósio Clemente de Gouveia, archbishop of Lourenço Marques, Moçambique. + February 6, 1962.
(19) 19. Jaime de Barros Câmara, archbishop of São Sebastião de Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. + February 18, 1971.
(20) 20. Enrique Pla y Deniel, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + July 5, 1968.
(21) 21. Manuel Arteaga y Betancourt, archbishop of San Cristóbal de La Habana, Cuba. + March 20, 1963.
(22) 22. Joseph Frings, archbishop of Cologne, Germany. + December 17, 1978.
(23) 23. Juan Gualberto Guevara, archbishop of Lima, Perú. + November 27, 1954.
(24) 24. Bernard Griffin, archbishop of Westminster, England. + August 20, 1956.
(25) 25. Manuel Arce y Ochotorena, archbishop of Tarragona, Spain. + September 16, 1948.
(26) 26. József Mindszenty, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary. + May 6, 1975.
(27) 27. Ernesto Ruffini, archbishop of Palermo, Italy. + June 11, 1967.
(28) 28. Konrad von Preysing, bishop of Berlin, Germany. + December 21, 1950.
(29) 29. Clemens August von Galen, bishop of Münster, Germany. + March 22, 1946.
(30) 30. Antonio Caggiano, bishop of Rosario, Argentina. + October 23, 1979.
(31) 31. Thomas Tien-ken-Sin, S.V.D., titular bishop of Ruspe, vicar apostolic of Tsingtao, China. + July 24, 1967.
(32) 32. Giuseppe Bruno, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + November 10, 1954.

Note. According to The York Times, December 7, 1963, Pope Pius XII offered Alfonso Carinci, dean of the College of Protonotaries, the promotion to the cardinalate but he declined on the grounds that he was too old.

January 12, 1953 (II)
(33) 1. Celso Costantini, titular archbishop of Teodosiopoli di Arcadia, secretary of the S.C. of the Propagation of the Faith. + October 17, 1958.
(34) 2. Augusto Álvaro da Silva, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. + August 14, 1968.
(35) 3. Gaetano Cicognani, titular archbishop of Ancira, nuncio in Spain. + February 5, 1962.
(36) 4. Angelo Giuseppe Roncalli, titular archbishop of Mesembria, nuncio in France (1).
(37) 5. Valerio Valeri, titular archbishop of Efeso, assessor of the S.C. of the Oriental Church. + July 22, 1963.
(38) 6. Pietro Ciriaci, titular archbishop of Tarso, nuncio in Portugal. + December 30, 1966.
(39) 7. Francesco Borgongini Duca, titular archbishop of Eraclea di Europa, nuncio in Italy. + October 4, 1954.
(40) 8. Maurice Feltin, archbishop of Paris, France. + September 27, 1975.
(41) 9. Marcello Mimmi, archbishop of Naples, Italy. + March 6, 1961.
(42) 10. Carlos María de la Torre, archbishop of Quito, Ecuador. + July 31, 1968.
(43) 11. Alojzije Stepinac, archbishop of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. + February 10, 1960.
(44) 12. Georges-François-Xavier-Marie Grente, archbishop-bishop of Le Mans, France. + May 5, 1959.
(45) 13. Giuseppe Siri, archbishop of Genoa, Italy. + May 2, 1989.
(46) 14. John Francis D'Alton, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + February 1, 1963.
(47) 15. James Francis McIntyre, archbishop of Los Angeles, United States of America. + July 16, 1979.
(48) 16. Giacomo Lercaro, archbishop of Bologna, Italy. + October 18, 1976.
(49) 17. Stefan Wyszyński, archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw, Poland. + May 28, 1981.
(50) 18. Benjamín de Arriba y Castro, archbishop of Tarragona, Spain. + March 8, 1973.
(51) 19. Fernando Quiroga y Palacios, archbishop of Santiago de Compostela, Spain. + December 7, 1971.
(52) 20. Paul-Émile Léger, P.S.S., archbishop of Montréal, Canada. + November 13, 1991.
(53) 21. Crisanto Luque, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia. + May 7, 1959.
(54) 22. Valerian Gracias, archbishop of Bombay, India. + September 11, 1978.
(55) 23. Joseph Wendel, archbishop of München und Freising, Germany. + December 31, 1960.
(56) 24. Alfredo Ottaviani, assessor of the Supreme S.C. of the Holy Office. + August 3, 1979.

Note 1. Patriarch Carlo Agostini of Venice, Italy, who was to be created a cardinal in this consistory, died on December 28, 1952 before its celebration.

Note 2. Prince Konstantin von Bayern in his book Der Papst. Ein lebensbild (Bad Wörishofen : Kindler und Schiermeyer, 1952), p. 128, says that Pope Pius XII intended to promote Msgr. Ludwig Kaas, former chairman of the Centre Party of Germany and secretary of the S.C. of the Fabric of St. Peter's basilica, to the cardinalate but that he died on April 15, 1952, and thus the promotion did not take place. No other source has been found indicating the pope's intention.

(1) Elected Pope John XXIII on October 28, 1958. Died on June 3, 1963. Beatified on September 3, 2000 by Pope John Paul II. Canonized on April 27, 2014 by Pope Francis.

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John XXIII (1958-1963)

December 15, 1958 (I)
(1) 1. Giovanni Battista Montini, archbishop of Milan, Italy (1).
(2) 2. Giovanni Urbani, patriarch of Venice, Italy. + September 17, 1969.
(3) 3. Paolo Giobbe, titular archbishop of Tolemaide di Tebaide, nuncio-internuncio in Holland. + August 14, 1972.
(4) 4. Giuseppe Fietta, titular archbishop of Sardica, nuncio in Italy. + October 1, 1960.
(5) 5. Fernando Cento, titular archbishop of Seleucia Pieria, nuncio in Portugal. + January 13, 1973.
(6) 6. Carlo Chiarlo, titular archbishop of Amida, nuncio at the disposition of the Secretariat of State. + January 21, 1964.
(7) 7. Amleto Giovanni Cicognani, titular archbishop of Laodicea di Frigia, apostolic delegate in the United States. + December 17, 1973.
(8) 8. José Garibi Rivera, archbishop of Guadalajara, México. + May 27, 1972.
(9) 9. Antonio María Barbieri, O.F.M.Cap., archbishop of Montevideo, Uruguay. + July 6, 1979.
(10) 10. William Godfrey, archbishop of Westminster, England. + January 22, 1963.
(11) 11. Carlo Confalonieri, titular archbishop of Nicopoli al Nesto, secretary of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities. + August 1, 1986.
(12) 12. Richard James Cushing, archbishop of Boston, United States of America. + November 2, 1970.
(13) 13. Alfonso Castaldo, archbishop of Naples and bishop ad personam of Pozzuoli, Italy. + March 3, 1966.
(14) 14. Paul-Marie Richaud, archbishop of Bordeaux, France. + February 5, 1968.
(15) 15. John Francis O'Hara, C.S.C., archbishop of Philadelphia, United States of America. + August 28, 1960.
(16) 16. José María Bueno y Monreal, archbishop of Sevilla, Spain. + August 20, 1987.
(17) 17. Franz König, archbishop of Vienna, Austria. + March 13, 2004.
(18) 18. Julius Döpfner, bishop of Berlin, Germany. + July 24, 1976.
(19) 19. Domenico Tardini, titular archbishop-elect of Laodicea di Siria, secretary of State. + July 30, 1961.
(20) 20. Alberto di Jorio, regent of the secretariat of the Sacred College of Cardinals and secretary of the conclave. + September 5, 1979.
(21) 21. Francesco Bracci, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + March 24, 1967.
(22) 22. Francesco Roberti, secretary of the S.C. of the Council. + July 16, 1977.
(23) 23. Andrè Jullien, P.S.S., dean of the Sacred Roman Rota. + January 11, 1964.

(1) Elected Pope Paul VI on June 21, 1963. Died on August 6, 1978.

Note. By naming 23 cardinals, Pope John XXIII expanded the membership of the Sacred College beyond 70 for the first time since Pope Sixtus V (1585-1590) determined by the constitution Postquam verus of December 3, 1586 that this was going to be the maximum number of cardinals.

December 14, 1959 (II)
(24) 1. Paolo Marella, titular archbishop of Doclea, nuncio in France.+ October 15, 1984.
(25) 2. Gustavo Testa, titular archbishop of Amasea, nuncio in Switzerland. + February 28, 1969.
(26) 3. Aloisius Joseph Muench, archbishop-bishop of Fargo, United States of America. + February 15, 1962.
(27) 4. Albert Gregory Meyer, archbishop of Chicago, United States of America. + April 9, 1965.
(28) 5. Arcadio María Larraona, C.M.F., secretary of the S.C. of Religious. + May 7, 1973.
(29) 6. Francesco Morano, secretary of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.+ July 12, 1968.
(30) 7. William Theodore Heard, dean of the Sacred Roman Rota. + September 16, 1973.
(31) 8. Augustin Bea, S.J. + November 16, 1968.

March 28, 1960 (III)
(32) 1. Luigi Traglia, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, vice-gerent of Rome. + November 22, 1977.
(33) 2. Peter Tatsuo Doi, archbishop of Tōkyō, Japan. + February 21, 1970.
(34) 3. Joseph-Charles Lefèbvre, archbishop of Bourges, France. + April 2, 1973.
(35) 4. Bernardus Johannes Alfrink, archbishop of Utrecht, Holland. + December 16, 1987.
(36) 5. Rufino Jiao Santos, archbishop of Manila, Philippines. + September 3, 1973.
(37) 6. Laurean Rugambwa, bishop of Rutabo, Tanganyika. + December 8, 1997.
(38) 7. Antonio Bacci, secretary of Briefs to the Princes. + January 20, 1971.

Note 1. Three cardinals were created and reserved in pectore in this consistory. Their names were never published and therefore their promotion did not take effect.
Note 2. In an interview in June 2007, Archbishop Loris Francesco Capovilla, who in 1960 was personal secretary to Pope John XXIII, revealed that Francesco Giuseppe Lardone, titular archbishop of Rizeo, internuncio in Turkey, was one of the cardinals reserved in pectore in the consistory of March 28, 1960.
Note 3. According to his own writings, Diego Venini, titular archbishop of Adana, private almoner of His Holiness, declined the promotion to the cardinalate offered by Pope John XXIII in November 1960.

January 16, 1961 (IV)
(39) 1. Joseph Elmer Ritter, archbishop of St. Louis, United States of America + June 10, 1967.
(40) 2. José Humberto Quintero Parra, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela. + July 8, 1984.
(41) 3. Luis Concha Córdoba, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia. + September 18, 1975.
(42) 4. Giuseppe Antonio Ferretto, titular archbishop of Sardica, secretary of the S.C. Consistorial and of the Sacred College of Cardinals. + March 17, 1973.

March 19, 1962 (V)
(43) 1. José da Costa Nunes, titular archbishop of Odessa, with title ad personam of patriarch, vice-camerlengo of the Holy Roman Church. + November 29, 1976.
(44) 2. Giovanni Panico, titular archbishop of Giustiniana prima, nuncio in Portugal. + July 7, 1962.
(45) 3. Ildebrando Antoniutti, titular archbishop of Sinnada di Frigia, nuncio in Spain. + August 1, 1974.
(46) 4. Efrem Forni, titular archbishop of Darni, nuncio in Belgium and internuncio in Luxemburg. + February 26, 1976.
(47) 5. Juan Landázuri Ricketts, O.F.M., archbishop of Lima, Perú. + January 16, 1997.
(48) 6. Gabriel Acacius Coussa, O.S.B.A.M., titular archbishop of Gerapoli in Siria of the Greek-Melchites, pro-secretary of the S.C. of the Oriental Church. + July 29, 1962.
(49) 7. Raúl Silva Henríquez, S.D.B., archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile. + April 9, 1999.
(50) 8. Leo-Jozef Suenens, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels, Belgium. + May 6, 1996.
(51) 9. Michael Browne, O.P., master general of the Order of Preachers. + March 31, 1971.
(52) 10. Joaquín Anselmo María Albareda, O.S.B., prefect of the Vatican Library. + July 19, 1966.

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Paul VI (1963-1978)

February 22, 1965 (I)
(1) 1. Maximos IV Saigh, M.S.S.P., patriarch of Antioch of the Melkites, Syria. + November 5, 1967.
(2) 2. Paul Pierre Meouchi, patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon. + January 11, 1975.
(3) 3. Stéfanos I Sidarouss, C.M., patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt. + August 23, 1987.
(4) 4. Josyf Slipyj, archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, Ukraine, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. + September 7, 1984.
(5) 5. Lorenz Jaeger, archbishop of Paderborn, Germany. + April 1, 1975.
(6) 6. Thomas Benjamin Cooray, O.M.I., archbishop of Colombo, Sri Lanka. + October 29, 1988.
(7) 7. Josef Beran, archbishop of Prague, Czechoslovakia. + May 17, 1969.
(8) 8. Maurice Roy, archbishop of Québec, Canada. + October 24, 1985.
(9) 9. Joseph-Marie Martin, archbishop of Rouen, France. + January 21, 1976.
(10) 10. Owen McCann, archbishop of Cape Town, South Africa. + March 26, 1994.
(11) 11. Léon-Étienne Duval, archbishop of Algiers, Algeria. + May 30, 1996.
(12) 12. Ermenegildo Florit, archbishop of Florence, Italy. + December 8, 1985.
(13) 13. Franjo Šeper, archbishop of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. + December 30, 1981.
(14) 14. John Carmel Heenan, archbishop of Westminster, England. + November 7, 1975.
(15) 15. Jean Villot, archbishop of Lyon, France. + March 9, 1979.
(16) 16. Paul Zoungrana, M. Afr., archbishop of Ouagadougou, Upper Volta. + June 4, 2000.
(17) 17. Lawrence Joseph Shehan, archbishop of Baltimore, United Sates of America. + August 26, 1984.
(18) 18. Enrico Dante, titular archbishop of Carpasia, secretary of the S.C. of Rites. + April 24, 1967.
(19) 19. Cesare Zerba, titular archbishop of Colosse, secretary of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + July 11, 1973.
(20) 20. Agnelo Rossi, archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil. May 21, 1995.
(21) 21. Giovanni Colombo, archbishop of Milan, Italy.+ May 20, 1992.
(22) 22. William Conway, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + April 17, 1977.
(23) 23. Ángel Herrera Oria, bishop of Málaga, Spain. + July 28, 1968.
(24) 24. Federico Callori di Vignale, papal majordomo. + August 10, 1971.
(25) 25. Josef-Léon Cardijn, founder of the Catholic Workers Youth Organization. + July 25, 1967.
(26) 26. Charles Journet, faculty member of the Seminary of Fribourg, Switzerland. + April 15, 1975.
(27) 27. Giulio Bevilacqua, Orat., pastor of S. Antonio della Pace parish, Brescia, Italy. + May 6, 1965.

Note. According to numerous sources, Pope Paul VI offered the cardinalate to theologian Romano Guardini in 1965 but he declined. He died on October 1, 1968.

June 26, 1967 (II)
(28) 1. Nicolás Fasolino, archbishop of Santa Fe, Argentina. + August 13, 1969.
(29) 2. Antonio Riberi, titular archbishop of Dara, nuncio in Spain. + December 16, 1967.
(30) 3. Giuseppe Beltrami, titular archbishop of Damasco, nuncio-internuncio in Holland. + December 13, 1973.
(31) 4. Alfredo Pacini, titular archbishop of Germia, nuncio in Switzerland. + December 23, 1967.
(32) 5. Gabriel-Marie Garrone, titular archbishop of Torre di Numidia, pro-prefect of the S.C. of Seminaries and Universities. + January 15, 1994.
(33) 6. Patrick Aloysius O'Boyle, archbishop of Washington, United States of America. + August 10, 1987.
(34) 7. Egidio Vagnozzi, titular archbishop of Mira, apostolic delegate in the United States of America. + December 26, 1980.
(35) 8. Maximilien de Furstenberg, titular archbishop of Palto, nuncio in Portugal. + September 22, 1988.
(36) 9. Antonio Samorè, titular archbishop of Tirnovo, secretary of the S.C. of Extraordinary Ecclesiastical Affairs. + February 3, 1983.
(37) 10. Francesco Carpino, titular archbishop of Sardica, pro-prefect of the S.C. for the Discipline of the Sacraments. + October 5, 1993.
(38) 11. José Clemente Maurer, C.SS.R., archbishop of Sucre, Bolivia. + June 27, 1990.
(39) 12. Pietro Parente, titular archbishop of Tolemaide di Tebaide, secretary of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith. + December 29, 1986.
(40) 13. Carlo Grano, titular archbishop of Tessalonica, nuncio in Italy. + April 2, 1976.
(41) 14. Angelo Dell'Acqua, O.Ss.C.A., titular archbishop of Calcedonia, substitute of the Secretariat of State and secretary of the Cipher. + August 27, 1972.
(42) 15. Dino Staffa, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Palestina, pro-prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. + August 7, 1977.
(43) 16. Pericle Felici, titular archbishop of Samosata, secretary general of the Central Coordinating Commission of the Post Conciliar Affairs and pro-prefect of the Pontifical Commission for the Revision of the Code of Canon Law. + March 22, 1982.
(44) 17. John Joseph Krol, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States of America. + March 3, 1996.
(45) 18. Pierre Veuillot, archbishop of Paris, France. + February 14, 1968.
(46) 19. John Patrick Cody, archbishop of Chicago, United States of America. + April 25, 1982.
(47) 20. Corrado Ursi, archbishop of Naples, Italy. + August 29, 2003.
(48) 21. Alfred Bengsch, archbishop-bishop of Berlin, Germany. + December 13, 1979.
(49) 22. Justinus Darmojuwono, archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia. + February 3, 1994.
(50) 23. Karol Wojtyła, archbishop of Kraków, Poland (1).
(51) 24. Michele Pellegrino, archbishop of Turin, Italy. + October 10, 1986.
(52) 25. Alexandre-Charles Renard, archbishop of Lyon, France. + October 8, 1983.
(53) 26. Francis Joseph Brennan, dean of the Sacred Roman Rota. + July 2, 1968.
(54) 27. Benno Walter Gut, O.S.B., abbot primate of the Benedictine Confederation. + December 8, 1970.

(1) Elected Pope John Paul II on October 16, 1978. Died on April 2, 2005. Beatified by Pope Benedict XVI on May 1, 2011. Canonized on April 27, 2014 by Pope Francis.

April 28, 1969 (III)
(55) 1.
Paul Yü Pin, archbishop of Nanking, China. + August 16, 1978.
(56) 2. Alfredo Vicente Scherer, archbishop of Porto Alegre, Brazil. + March 8, 1996.
(57) 3. Julio Rosales y Ras, archbishop of Cebu, Philippines. + June 2, 1983.
(58) 4. Gordon Joseph Gray, archbishop of Saint Andrews and Edinburgh, Scotland. + July 19, 1993.
(59) 5. Peter Thomas McKeefry, archbishop of Wellington, New Zealand.+ November 18, 1973.
(60) 6. Miguel Darío Miranda y Gómez, archbishop of México, México. + March 15, 1986.
(61) 7. Joseph Parecattil, archbishop of Ernakulam of the Syro-Malabars, India. + February 20, 1987.
(62) 8. John Francis Dearden, archbishop of Detroit, United States of America. + August 1, 1988.
(63) 9. François Marty, archbishop of Paris, France. + February 16, 1994.
(64) 10. Jérôme Rakotomalala, archbishop of Tananarive, Madagascar. + November 1, 1975.
(65) 11. Geroge Bernard Flahiff, C.S.B., archbishop of Winnipeg, Canada. + August 22, 1989.
(66) 12. Paul Gouyon, archbishop of Rennes, France. + September 26, 2000.
(67) 13. Mario Casariego y Acevedo, C.R.S., archbishop of Guatemala, Guatemala. + June 15, 1983.
(68) 14. Vicente Enrique y Tarancón, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + November 28, 1994.
(69) 15. Joseph Malula, archbishop of Kinshasa, Zaïre. + June 14, 1989.
(70) 16. Pablo Muñoz Vega, S.J., archbishop of Quito, Ecuador. + June 3, 1994.
(71) 17. Antonio Poma, archbishop of Bologna, Italy. + September 24, 1985.
(72) 18. John Joseph Carberry, archbishop of Saint Louis, United States of America. + June 17, 1998.
(73) 19. Terence James Cooke, archbishop of New York, United States of America. + October 6, 1983.
(74) 20. Stephan Sou Hwan Kim, archbishop of Seoul, South Korea. + February 16, 2009.
(75) 21. Arturo Tabera Araoz, C.M.F., archbishop of Pamplona, Spain. + June 13, 1975.
(76) 22. Eugênio de Araújo Sales, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. + July 9, 2012.
(77) 23. Joseph Höffner, archbishop of Cologne, Germany. + October 16, 1987.
(78) 24. John Joseph Wright, bishop of Pittsburgh, United States of America. + August 10, 1979.
(79) 25. Paolo Bertoli, titular archbishop of Nicomedia, nuncio in France. + November 8, 2001.
(80) 26. Sebastiano Baggio, titular archbishop of Efeso, nuncio in Brazil. + March 21, 1993.
(81) 27. Silvio Oddi, titular archbishop of Mesembria, nuncio in Belgium and Luxemburg. + June 29, 2001.
(82) 28. Giuseppe Paupini, titular archbishop of Sebastopoli di Abasgia, nuncio in Colombia. + July 18, 1992.
(83) 29. Giacomo Violardo, titular archbishop of Satafi, secretary of the S.C. for the Disicpline of the Sacraments. + March 17, 1978.
(84) 30. Johannes Willebrands, titular bishop of Mauriana, secretary of the Secretariat for Christian Unity. + August 2, 2006.
(85) 31. Mario Nasalli Rocca di Corneliano, prefect of the Apostolic Palace. + November 9, 1988.
(86) 32. Sergio Guerri, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the State of Vatican City. + March 15, 1992.
(87) 33. Jean Daniélou, S.J. + May 20, 1974.
(88) 34. Stepán Trochta, S.D.B., bishop of Litoměřice, Czechoslovakia. + April 6, 1974. (1)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of March 5, 1973.

Note. Bishop Iuliu Hossu, of Cluj-Gherla of the Romanians, Romania, was created cardinal in this consistory and reserved in pectore. He died in confinement on May 28, 1970. His creation as a cardinal was revealed in the consistory of March 5, 1973.

March 5, 1973 (IV)
(89) 1. Albino Luciani, patriarch of Venice, Italy (1).
(90) 2. António Ribeiro, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal. + March 24, 1998.
(91) 3. Sergio Pignedoli, titular archbishop of Iconio, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of the Peoples. + June 15, 1980.
(92) 4. James Robert Knox, archbishop of Melbourne, Australia. + June 26, 1983.
(93) 5. Luigi Raimondi, titular archbishop of Tarso, apostolic delegate in United States of America. + June 24, 1975.
(94) 6. Umberto Mozzoni, titular archbishop of Side, nuncio in Brazil. + November 7, 1983.
(95) 7. Avelar Brandão Vilela, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. + December 19, 1986.
(96) 8. Joseph Cordeiro, archbishop of Karachi, Pakistan. + February 11, 1994.
(97) 9. Aníbal Muñoz Duque, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia. + January 15, 1987.
(98) 10. Bolesław Kominek, archbishop of Wrocław, Poland. + March 10, 1974.
(99) 11. Paul-Pierre Philippe, O.P., titular archbishop of Eracleopoli Maggiore, secretary of the S.C. for the Doctrine of the Faith. + April 9, 1984.
(100) 12. Pietro Palazzini, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Cappadocia, secretary of the S.C. of the Clergy. + October 11, 2000.
(101) 13. Luis Aponte Martínez, archbishop of San Juan, Puerto Rico. + April 10, 2012.
(102) 14. Raúl Francisco Primatesta, archbishop of Córdoba, Argentina. + May 1, 2006.
(103) 15. Salvatore Pappalardo, archbishop of Palermo, Italy. + December 10, 2006.
(104) 16. Ferdinando Giuseppe Antonelli, O.F.M., titular archbishop of Idicra, secretary of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints. + July 12, 1993.
(105) 17. Marcelo González Martín, archbishop of Toledo, Spain. + August 25, 2004.
(106) 18. Louis-Jean Guyot, archbishop of Toulouse, France. + August 1, 1988.
(107) 19. Ugo Poletti, titular archbishop of Cittanova, pro-vicar general of His Holiness for the City of Rome and its District. + February 25, 1997.
(108) 20. Timothy Manning, archbishop of Los Angeles, United States of America. + June 23, 1989.
(109) 21. Paul Yoshigoro Taguchi, archbishop of Osaka, Japan. + February 23, 1978.
(110) 22. Maurice Otunga, archbishop of Nairobi, Kenya. + September 6, 2003.
(111) 23. José Salazar López, archbishop of Guadalajara, México. + July 9, 1991.
(112) 24. Émile Biayenda, archbishop of Brazzaville, Congo. + March 23, 1977.
(113) 25. Humberto Sousa Medeiros, archbishop of Boston, United States of America. + September 17, 1983.
(114) 26. Paulo Evaristo Arns, O.F.M., archbishop of São Paulo, Brazil.
(115) 27. James Darcy Freeman, archbishop of Sydney, Australia. + March 16, 1991.
(116) 28. Narciso Jubany Arnau, archbishop of Barcelona, Spain. + December 26, 1996.
(117) 29. Hermann Volk, bishop of Mainz, Germany. + July 1, 1988.
(118) 30. Pio Taofinu'u, S.M., bishop of Apia, Western Samoa. + January 19, 2006.

(1) Elected Pope John Paul I on August 26, 1978. Died on September 28, 1978.

May 24, 1976 (V)
(119) 1. Octavio Antonio Beras Rojas, archbishop of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. + December 1, 1990.
(120) 2. Opilio Rossi, titular archbishop of Ancira, nuncio in Austria . + February 9, 2004.
(121) 3. Giuseppe Maria Sensi, titular archbishop of Sardi, nuncio in Portugal. + July 26, 2001.
(122) 4. Juan Carlos Aramburu, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina. + November 18, 2004.
(123) 5. Corrado Bafile, titular archbishop of Antiochia di Pisidia, pro-prefect of the S.C. for the Causes of the Saints. + February 3, 2005.
(124) 6. Hyacinthe Thiandoum, archbishop of Dakar, Sénégal. + May 18, 2004.
(125) 7. Emmanuel Kiwanuka Nsubuga, archbishop of Kampala, Uganda. + April 20, 1991.
(126) 8. Joseph Schröffer, titular archbishop of Volturno, secretary of the S.C. for Catholic Education. + September 7, 1983.
(127) 9. Lawrence Trevor Picachy, S.J., archbishop of Calcutta, India. + November 30, 1992.
(128) 10. Jaime Lachica Sin, archbishop of Manila, Philippines. + June 21, 2005.
(129) 11. William Wakefield Baum, archbishop of Washington, United States of America.
(130) 12. Aloísio Lorscheider, O.F.M., archbishop of Fortaleza, Brazil. + December 23, 2007.
(131) 13. Reginald John Delargey, archbishop of Wellington, New Zealand. + January 29, 1979.
(132) 14. Eduardo Francisco Pironio, titular archbishop of Tiges, pro-prefect of the S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes. + February 5, 1998.
(133) 15. László Lékai, archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary. + June 30, 1986.
(134) 16. George Basil Hume, O.S.B., archbishop of Westminster, England. + June 17, 1999.
(135) 17. Victor Razafimahatratra, S.J., archbishop of Tananarive, Madagascar. + October 6, 1993.
(136) 18. František Tomášek, titular bishop of Buto, apostolic administrator of Prague, Czechoslovakia. + August 4, 1992. (1).
(137) 19. Dominic Ignatius Ekandem, bishop of Ikot Ekpene, Nigeria. + November 24, 1995.
(138) 20. Joseph-Marie Trinh-nhu-Khuê, archbishop of Hânoi, Việt Nam. + November 27, 1978. (2).
(139) 21. Bolesław Filipiak, dean of the Sacred Tribunal of the Roman Rota. + October 14, 1978.

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of June 27, 1977.
(2) Reserved in pectore when the celebration of the consistory was announced on April 27, 1976. His creation as a cardinal was published when the consistory took place on May 24, 1976.

June 27, 1977 (VI)
(140) 1. Giovanni Benelli, archbishop of Florence, Italy. + October 26, 1982.
(141) 2. Bernardin Gantin, former archbishop of Cotonou, Benin, pro-president of Pontifical Commission Iustitia et Pax. + May 13, 2008.
(142) 3. Joseph Ratzinger, archbishop of München und Freising, Germany. (1)
(143) 4. Mario Luigi Ciappi, O.P., theologian of the Pontifical Household. + April 23, 1996.

(1) Elected Pope Benedict XVI on April 19, 2005. Resigned the papacy on February 28, 2013 at 8 p.m.

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John Paul I (1978)

Pope John Paul I was elected on August 26, 1978 and died on September 28, 1978 without having created any cardinals.

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John Paul II (1978-2005)

June 30, 1979 (I)
(1) 1.
Agostino Casaroli, titular archbishop of Cartagine, pro-secretary of State, pro-prefect of the Council for Public Affairs of the Church. + June 9, 1998.
(2) 2. Giuseppe Caprio, titular archbishop of Apollonia, pro-president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See. + October 15, 2005.
(3) 3. Marco Cè, patriarch of Venice, Italy. + May 12, 2014.
(4) 4. Egano Righi-Lambertini, titular archbishop of Doclea, nuncio in France, special envoy, with functions of permanent observer, to the Council of Europe. + October 4, 2000.
(5) 5. Joseph-Marie Trinh Van-Can, archbishop of Hà Nôi, Việt Nam. + May 18, 1990.
(6) 6. Ernesto Civardi, titular archbishop of Sardica, secretary of the S.C. for Bishops, secretary of the Sacred College of Cardinals. + November 28, 1989.
(7) 7. Ernesto Corripio Ahumada, archbishop of México, México. + April 10, 2008.
(8) 8. Joseph Asajiro Satowaki, archbishop of Nagasaki, Japan. + August 8, 1996.
(9) 9. Roger Etchegaray, archbishop of Marseilles, France.
(10) 10. Anastasio Alberto Ballestrero, O.C.D., archbishop of Turin, Italy. + June 21, 1998.
(11) 11. Tomás Ó Fiaich, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + May 8, 1990.
(12) 12. Gerald Emmett Carter, archbishop of Toronto, Canada. + April 6, 2003.
(13) 13. Franciszek Macharski, archbishop of Kraków, Poland.
(14) 14. Władysław Rubin, titular bishop of Serta, auxiliary of Gniezno, Poland, secretary general of the World Synod of Bishops. + November 28, 1990.
(15) 15. Ignatius Kung Pin-mei, bishop of Shanghai, apostolic administrator of Soochow, Popular Republic of China. + March 12, 2000. (1)

(1) Revoking No. 33 of the Apostolic Constitution Romano Pontifici eligendo, the pope elevated this prelate to the sacred purple, whose name he reserved in pectore. On May 29, 1991, the pope announced the name of the prelate, who was published in the consistory of June 28, 1991.

February 2, 1983 (II)
(16) 1.
Antoine-Pierre Khoraiche, patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon. + August 19, 1994.
(17) 2. Bernard Yago, archbishop of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. + October 5, 1997.
(18) 3. Aurelio Sabattani, titular archbishop of Giustiniana prima, pro-prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. + April 19, 2003.
(19) 4. Franjo Kuharić, archbishop of Zagreb, Yugoslavia. + March 11, 2002.
(20) 5. Giuseppe Casoria, titular archbishop of Vescovio, pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Sacraments and Divine Worship. + February 8, 2001.
(21) 6. José Alí Lebrún Moratinos, archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela. + February 21, 2001.
(22) 7. Joseph Louis Bernardin, archbishop of Chicago, United States of America. + November 14, 1996.
(23) 8. Michael Michai Kitbunchu, archbishop of Bangkok, Thailand.
(24) 9. Alexandre do Nascimento, archbishop of Lubango, Angola.
(25) 10. Alfonso López Trujillo, archbishop of Medellín, Colombia. + April 19, 2008.
(26) 11. Godfried Danneels, archbishop of Mechelen-Brussels, Belgium.
(27) 12. Thomas Stafford Williams, archbishop of Wellington, New Zealand.
(28) 13. Carlo Maria Martini, S.J., archbishop of Milan, Italy. + August 31, 2012.
(29) 14. Jean-Marie Lustiger, archbishop of Paris, France. + August 5, 2007.
(30) 15. Józef Glemp, archbishop of Gniezno and Warsaw, Poland. + January 23, 2013.
(31) 16. Julijans Vaivods, titular bishop of Macriana maggiore, apostolic administrator ad nutum Sanctae Sedis of Riga and Liepaja, Latvia, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. + May 24, 1990.
(32) 17. Joachim Meisner, bishop of Berlin, Germany.
(33) 18. Henri de Lubac, S.J. + September 4, 1991.

May 25, 1985 (III)
(34) 1.
Luigi Dadaglio, titular archbishop of Lero, pro-penitentiary major of the Holy Roman Church. + August 22, 1990.
(35) 2. Duraisamy Simon Lourdusamy, archbishop emeritus of Bangalore, India, secretary of the S.C. for the Evangelization of Peoples. + June 2, 2014.
(36) 3. Francis Arinze, archbishop emeritus of Onitsha, Nigeria, pro-president of the secretariat for Non-Christians.
(37) 4. Juan Francisco Fresno Larraín, archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile. + October 14, 2004.
(38) 5. Antonio Innocenti, titular archbishop of Eclano, nuncio in Spain. + September 6, 2008.
(39) 6. Miguel Obando Bravo, S.B.D., archbishop of Managua, Nicaragua.
(40) 7. Paul Augustin Mayer, O.S.B., titular archbishop of Satriano, pro-prefect of the SS. CC. for Sacraments and for Divine Worship. + April 30, 2010.
(41) 8. Ángel Suquía Goicoechea, archbishop of Madrid, Spain. + July 13, 2006.
(42) 9. Jean Jérôme Hamer, O.P., titular archbishop of Lorium, pro-prefect of the S.C. for Religious and Secular Institutes. + December 2, 1996.
(43) 10. Ricardo Jamin Vidal, archbishop of Cebu, Philippines.
(44) 11. Henryk Roman Gulbinowicz, archbishop of Wrocław, Poland.
(45) 12. Paulos Tzadua, archbishop of Addis Abeba of the Alexandrine-Ethiopics, Ethiopia. + December 11, 2003.
(46) 13. Jozef Tomko, titular archbishop of Doclea, secretary general of the World Synod of Bishops.
(47) 14. Myroslav Ivan Lubachivsky, archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, Ukraine, U.S.S.R. + December 14, 2000.
(48) 15. Andrzej Maria Deskur, titular archbishop of Tene, president emeritus of the Pontifical Commission for Social Communications. + September 3, 2011.
(49) 16. Paul Poupard, titular archbishop of Usula, pro-president of the secretariat for Non-Believers and president of the Executive Committee of the Pontifical Council for Culture.
(50) 17. Louis-Albert Vachon, archbishop of Québec, Canada. + September 29, 2006.
(51) 18. Albert Decourtray, archbishop of Lyon, France. + September 16, 1994.
(52) 19. Rosalio José Castillo Lara, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Precausa, pro-president of the Pontifical Commission for the Authentic Interpretation of the Code of Canon Law. + October 16, 2007.
(53) 20. Friedrich Wetter, archbishop of München und Freising, Germany.
(54) 21. Silvano Piovanelli, archbishop of Florence, Italy.
(55) 22. Adrianus Johannes Simonis, archbishop of Utrecht, Holland.
(56) 23. Edouard Gagnon, P.S.S., titular archbishop of Giustiniana prima, pro-president of the Pontifical Council for the Family. + August 25, 2007.
(57) 24. Alfons Maria Stickler, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Bolsena, pro-librarian and pro-archivist of the Holy Roman Church. + December 12, 2007.
(58) 25. Bernard Francis Law, archbishop of Boston, United States of America.
(59) 26. John Joseph O'Connor, archbishop of New York, United States of America. + May 3, 2000.
(60) 27. Giacomo Biffi, archbishop of Bologna, Italy.
(61) 28. Pietro Pavan. + December 26, 1994.

June 28, 1988 (IV)
(62) 1.
Eduardo Martínez Somalo, titular archbishop of Tagora, substitute of the Secretariat of State.
(63) 2. Achille Silvestrini, titular archbishop of Novaliciana, secretary of the Council for the Public Affairs of the Church.
(64) 3. Angelo Felici, titular archbishop of Cesariana, nuncio in France. + June 17, 2007.
(65) 4. Paul Grégoire, archbishop of Montréal, Canada. + October 30, 1993.
(66) 5. Antony Padiyara, archbishop of Ernakulam of the Syro-Malabars, India. + March 23, 2000.
(67) 6. José Freire Falção, archbishop of Brasília, Brazil.
(68) 7. Michele Giordano, archbishop of Naples, Italy. + December 2, 2010.
(69) 8. Alexandre José María dos Santos, O.F.M., archbishop of Maputo, Moçambique.
(70) 9. Giovanni Canestri, archbishop of Genoa, Italy.
(71) 10. Antonio María Javierre Ortas, S.D.B., titular archbishop of Meta, secretary of the Congregation for Catholic Education. + February 1, 2007.
(72) 11. Simon Ignatius Pimenta, archbishop of Bombay, India. + July 19, 2013.
(73) 12. Mario Revollo Bravo, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia. + November 3, 1995.
(74) 13. Edward Bede Clancy, archbishop of Sydney, Australia. + August 3, 2014.
(75) 14. Lucas Moreira Neves, O.P., archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil. + September 8, 2002.
(76) 15. James Aloysius Hickey, archbishop of Washington, United States of America. + October 24, 2004.
(77) 16. Edmund Casimir Szoka, archbishop of Detroit, United States of America. + August 20, 2014.
(78) 17. László Paskai, O.F.M., archbishop of Esztergom, Hungary.
(79) 18. Christian Wiyghan Tumi, archbishop of Garoua, Cameroun.
(80) 19. Hans Hermann Groër, O.S.B., archbishop of Vienna, Austria. + March 24, 2003.
(81) 20. Jacques Martin, titular archbishop of Neapoli di Palestina, prefect emeritus of the Pontifical Household. + September 27, 1992.
(82) 21. Franz Hengsbach, bishop of Essen, Germany. + June 24, 1991.
(83) 22. Vincentas Sladkevičius, titular bishop of Abora, apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of Kaisiadorys, Lithuania, U.S.S.R. + May 28, 2000.
(84) 23. Jean Margéot, bishop of Port-Louis, Mauritius. + July 17, 2009.
(85) 24. John Baptist Wu Cheng-chung, bishop of Hong Kong, Hong Kong. + September 23, 2002.

Note. Fr. Hans Urs von Balthasar, who was to be created a cardinal in this consistory, died on June 26, 1988, two days before its celebration. His creation as a cardinal had been announced on May 29, 1988.

June 28, 1991 (V)
(86) 1.
Angelo Sodano, titular archbishop of Nova di Cesare, pro-secretary of State.
(87) 2. Alexandru Todea, Byzantine archbishop of Făgăraş e Alba Julia, Romania. + May 22, 2002.
(88) 3. Pio Laghi, titular archbishop of Mauriana, pro-prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education. + January 10, 2009.
(89) 4. Edward Idris Cassidy, titular archbishop of Amanzia, president of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity.
(90) 5. Robert Coffy, archbishop of Marseilles, France. + July 15, 1995.
(91) 6. Frédéric Etsou-Nzabi-Bamungwabi, C.I.C.M., archbishop of Kinshasa, Zaïre. + January 6, 2007.
(92) 7. Nicolás de Jesús López Rodríguez, archbishop of Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic.
(93) 8. José Tomás Sánchez, archbishop emeritus of Nueva Segovia, Philippines, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of Peoples.
(94) 9. Virgilio Noè, titular archbishop of Voncaria, coadjutor of the cardinal archpriest of Saint Peter's Basilica, delegate of the Fabric of Saint Peter's Basilica. + July 24, 2011.
(95) 10. Antonio Quarracino, archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina. + February 28, 1998.
(96) 11. Fiorenzo Angelini, titular archbishop of Messene, president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of the Health Workers.
(97) 12. Roger Michael Mahony, archbishop of Los Angeles, United States of America.
(98) 13. Juan Jesús Posadas Ocampo, archbishop of Guadalajara, México. + May 24, 1993.
(99) 14. Anthony Joseph Bevilacqua, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States of America. + January 31, 2012.
(100) 15. Giovanni Saldarini, archbishop of Turin, Italy. + April 18, 2011.
(101) 16. Cahal Brendan Daly, archbishop of Armagh, Ireland. + December 31, 2009.
(102) 17. Camillo Ruini, titular archbishop of Nepte, pro-vicar general of His Holiness for the City of Rome and its District.
(103) 18. Jan Chryzostom Korec, S.J., bishop of Nitra, Czechoslovakia.
(104) 19. Henri Schwery, bishop of Sion, Switzerland.
(105) 20. Georg Maximilian Sterzinsky, bishop of Berlin, Germany. + June 30, 2011.
(106) 21. Guido del Mestri, titular archbishop of Tuscamia, apostolic nuncio. + August 2, 1993.
(107) 22. Paolo Dezza, S.J. + December 17, 1999.

November 26, 1994 (VI)
(108) 1.
Nasrallah Boutros Sfeir, patriarch of Antioch of the Maronites, Lebanon.
(109) 2. Miroslav Vlk, archbishop of Prague, Czech Republic.
(110) 3. Luigi Poggi, titular archbishop of Forontoniana, pro-librarian and pro-archivist of the Holy Roman Church. + May 4, 2010.
(111) 4. Peter Seiichi Shirayanagi, archbishop of Tōkyō, Japan. + December 30, 2009.
(112) 5. Vincenzo Fagiolo, archbishop emeritus of Chieti-Vasto, Italy, president of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts. + September 22, 2000.
(113) 6. Carlo Furno, titular archbishop of Abari, nuncio in Italy.
(114) 7. Carlos Oviedo Cavada, O. de M., archbishop of Santiago de Chile, Chile. + December 7, 1998.
(115) 8. Thomas Joseph Winning, archbishop of Glasgow, Scotland. + June 17, 2001.
(116) 9. Adolfo Antonio Suárez Rivera, archbishop of Monterrey, México. + March 23, 2008.
(117) 10. Julius Riyadi Darmaatmadja, S.J., archbishop of Semarang, Indonesia.
(118) 11. Jaime Lucas Ortega y Alamino, archbishop of San Cristóbal de La Habana, Cuba.
(119) 12. Jan Pieter Schotte, C.I.C.M., titular archbishop of Silli, secretary general of the Synod of Bishops, president of the Office of Labor of the Apostolic See. + January 10, 2005.
(120) 13. Pierre Eyt, archbishop of Bordeaux, France. + June 11, 2001.
(121) 14. Gilberto Agustoni, titular archbishop of Caorle, pro-prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature.
(122) 15. Emmanuel Wamala, archbishop of Kampala, Uganda.
(123) 16. William Henry Keeler, archbishop of Baltimore, United States of America.
(124) 17. Augusto Vargas Alzamora, S.J., archbishop of Lima, Perú. + September 4, 2000.
(125) 18. Jean-Claude Turcotte, archbishop of Montréal, Canada.
(126) 19. Ricardo María Carles Gordó, archbishop of Barcelona, Spain.
(127) 20. Adam Joseph Maida, archbishop of Detroit, United States of America.
(128) 21. Vinko Puljić, archbishop of Vhrbosna-Sarajevo, Bosnia i Hercegovina.
(129) 22. Armand Gaetán Razafindratandra, archbishop of Antananarivo, Madagascar. + January 9, 2010.
(130) 23. Paul Joseph Phạm Ðình Tụng, archbishop of Hâ Noi, Việt Nam. + February 22, 2009.
(131) 24. Juan Sandoval Íñiguez, archbishop of Guadalajara, México.
(132) 25. Bernardino Echeverría Ruiz, O.F.M., archbishop emeritus of Guayaquil, apostolic administrator of Ibarra, Ecuador. + April 6, 2000.
(133) 26. Kazimierz Świątek, archbishop of Minsk-Mahilyow, apostolic administrator, ad nutum Sanctae Sedis, of Pinsk, Belarus. + July 21, 2011.
(134) 27. Ersilio Tonini, archbishop emeritus of Ravenna-Cervia, Italy. + July 28, 2013.
(135) 28. Mikel Koliqi. + January 28, 1997.
(136) 29. Yves Congar, O.P. + June 22, 1995.
(137) 30. Alois Grillmeier, S.J. + September 13, 1998.

February 21, 1998 (VII)
(138) 1.
Jorge Arturo Medina Estévez, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Valparaíso, Chile, pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments.
(139) 2. Alberto Bovone, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Numidia, pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints. + April 17, 1998.
(140) 3. Darío Castrillón Hoyos, archbishop emeritus of Bucaramanga, Colombia, pro-prefect of the Congregation for the Clergy.
(141) 4. Lorenzo Antonetti, titular archbishop of Roselle, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See. + April 10, 2013.
(142) 5. James Francis Stafford, archbishop emeritus of Denver, United States of America, president of the Pontifical Council for the Laity.
(143) 6. Salvatore De Giorgi, archbishop of Palermo, Italy.
(144) 7. Serafim Fernandes de Araújo, archbishop of Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
(145) 8. Antonio María Rouco Varela, archbishop of Madrid, Spain.
(146) 9. Aloysius Matthew Ambrozic, archbishop of Toronto, Canada. + August 26, 2011.
(147) 10. Jean Balland, archbishop of Lyon, France. + March 1, 1998.
(148) 11. Dionigi Tettamanzi, archbishop of Genoa, Italy.
(149) 12. Polycarp Pengo, archbishop of Dar-es-Salaam, Tanzania.
(150) 13. Christoph Schönborn, O.P., archbishop of Vienna, Austria.
(151) 14. Norberto Rivera Carrera, archbishop of México, México.
(152) 15. Francis Eugene George, O.M.I., archbishop of Chicago, United States of America.
(153) 16. Paul Shan Kuo-Hsi, S.J., bishop of Kaohsiung, Taiwan. + August 22, 2012.
(154) 17. Adam Kozłowiecki, S.J., titular archbishop of Potenza Picena. + September 28, 2007.
(155) 18. Giovanni Cheli, titular archbishop of Santa Giusta, president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants. + February 8, 2013.
(156) 19. Francesco Colasuonno, titular archbishop of Tronto, nuncio to Italy.+ May 31, 2003.
(157) 20. Dino Monduzzi, titular bishop of Capri, prefect of the Pontifical Household. + October 13, 2006.
(158) 21. Marian Jaworski, archbishop of Lviv of the Latins, Ukraine. (1)
(159) 22. Jānis Pujats, archbishop of Riga, Latvia. (1)

(1) Reserved in pectore and published in the consistory of February 21, 2001.
Note. Josip Uhac, titular archbishop of Tharros, secretary of the Congregation for the Evangelization of the Peoples, died early in the morning of January 18, 1998. The consistory in which he was going to be created cardinal was announced at noon on that same day.

February 21, 2001 (VIII)
(160) 1.
Giovanni Battista Re, titular archbishop of Vescovio, prefect of the Congregation for Bishops, president of the Pontifical Commission for Latin America.
(161) 2. François Xavier Nguyên Van Thuân, titular archbishop of Vadesi, president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax. + September 16, 2002.
(162) 3. Agostino Cacciavillan, titular archbishop of Amiterno, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Holy See.
(163) 4. Sergio Sebastiani, titular archbishop of Cesarea di Mauritania, president of the Prefecture for the Economic Affairs of the Holy See.
(164) 5. Zenon Grocholewski, titular archbishop of Agropoli, prefect of the Congregation for Catholic Education.
(165) 6. José Saraiva Martins, C.M.F., titular archbishop of Tuburnica, prefect of the Congregation for the Causes of the Saints.
(166) 7. Crescenzio Sepe, titular archbishop of Grado, secretary general of the Committee of the Great Jubilee of the Year 2000.
(167) 8. Jorge María Mejía, titular archbishop of Apollonia, archivist and librarian of the Holy Roman Church.
(168) 9. Ignace Moussa I Daoud, patriarch emeritus of Antioch of the Syrians, prefect of the Congregation for the Oriental Churches. + April 7, 2012.
(169) 10. Mario Francesco Pompedda, titular archbishop of Bisarcio, prefect of the Supreme Tribunal of the Apostolic Signature. + October 18, 2006.
(170) 11. Walter Kasper, bishop emeritus of Rottenburg-Stuttgart, Germany, secretary of the Pontifical Council for the Promotion of Christian Unity.
(171) 12. Johannes Joachim Degenhardt, archbishop of Paderborn, Germany. + July 25, 2002.
(172) 13. Antonio José González Zumárraga, archbishop of Quito, Ecuador. + October 13, 2008.
(173) 14. Ivan Dias, archbishop of Bombay, India.
(174) 15. Geraldo Majella Agnelo, archbishop of São Salvador da Bahia, Brazil.
(175) 16. Pedro Rubiano Sáenz, archbishop of Bogotá, Colombia.
(176) 17. Theodore Edgar McCarrick, archbishop of Washington, United States of America.
(177) 18. Desmond Connell, archbishop of Dublin, Ireland.
(178) 19. Audrys Juozas Bačkis, archbishop of Vilnius, Lithuania.
(179) 20. Francisco Javier Errázuriz Ossa, of the Fathers of Schöntatt, archbishop of Santiago, Chile.
(180) 21. Julio Terrazas Sandoval, C.SS.R., archbishop of Santa Cruz de la Sierra, Bolivia.
(181) 22. Wilfrid Fox Napier, O.F.M., archbishop of Durban, South Africa.
(182) 23. Óscar Andrés Rodríguez Maradiaga, S.D.B., archbishop of Tegucigalpa, Honduras.
(183) 24. Bernard Agré, archbishop of Abidjan, Ivory Coast. + June 9, 2014.
(184) 25. Louis-Marie Billé, archbishop of Lyon, France. + March 12, 2002.
(185) 26. Antonio Ignacio Velasco García, S.D.B., archbishop of Caracas, Venezuela. + July 6, 2003.
(186) 27. Juan Luis Cipriani Thorne, archbishop of Lima, Perú.
(187) 28. Francisco Álvarez Martínez, archbishop of Toledo, Spain.
(188) 29. Cláudio Hummes, O.F.M., archbishop of São Paulo, Brasil.
(189) 30. Varkey Vithayathil, C.SS.R., archbishop major of Ernakulam-Angamaly of the Syro-Malabars, India. + April 1, 2011.
(190) 31. Jorge Mario Bergoglio, S.J., archbishop of Buenos Aires, Argentina (1).
(191) 32. José da Cruz Policarpo, patriarch of Lisbon, Portugal. + March 12, 2014.
(192) 33. Severino Poletto, archbishop of Turin, Italy.
(193) 34. Cormac Murphy-O'Connor, archbishop of Westminster, England.
(194) 35. Edward Michael Egan, archbishop of New York, United States of America.
(195) 36. Lubomyr Husar, M.S.U., archbishop major of Lviv of the Ukrainians, Ukraine.
(196) 37. Karl Lehmann, bishop of Mainz, Germany.
(197) 38. Stéphanos II Ghattas, patriarch of Alexandria of the Copts, Egypt. + January 20, 2009.
(198) 39. Jean Honoré, archbishop emeritus of Tours, France. + February 28, 2013.
(199) 40. Roberto Tucci, S.J., director of the Administrative Committee of Vatican Radio.
(200) 41. Leo Scheffczyk, theologian of the archdiocese of München und Freising, Germany. + December 8, 2005.
(201) 42. Avery Dulles, S.J., theologian, professor of Fordham University, New York, United States of America. + December 12, 2008.

(1) Elected Pope Francis on March 13, 2013.

October 21, 2003 (IX)
(202) 1.
Jean-Louis Tauran, titular archbishop of Telepte, secretary for the Relations with the States at the Secretariat of State.
(203) 2. Renato Raffaele Martino, titular archbishop of Segerme, president of the Pontifical Council Iustitia et Pax.
(204) 3. Francesco Marchisano, titular archbishop of Populonia, archpriest of the Patriarchal Vatican Basilica, vicar general for the State of Vatican City, and president of the Fabric of St. Peter's Basilica. + July 27, 2014.
(205) 4. Julián Herranz Casado, titular archbishop of Vertara, President of the Pontifical Council for the Interpretation of the Legislative Texts and president of the Disciplinary Commission of the Roman Curia.
(206) 5. Javier Lozano Barragán, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Zacatecas, México, president of Pontifical Council for Pastoral of Health Care Workers.
(207) 6. Stephen Fumio Hamao, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Yokohama, Japan, president of the Pontifical Council for the Pastoral Care of Migrants and Itinerants. + November 8, 2007.
(208) 7. Attilio Nicora, archbishop-bishop emeritus of Verona, president of the Administration of the Patrimony of the Apostolic See.
(209) 8. Angelo Scola, patriarch of Venice, Italy.
(210) 9. Anthony Olubunmi Okogie, archbishop of Lagos, Nigeria.
(211) 10. Bernard Panafieu, archbishop of Marseille, France.
(212) 11. Gabriel Zubeir Wako, archbishop of Khartoum, Sudan.
(213) 12. Carlos Amigo Vallejo, O.F.M., archbishop of Sevilla, Spain.
(214) 13. Justin Francis Rigali, archbishop of Philadelphia, United States of America.
(215) 14. Keith Michael Patrick O'Brien, archbishop of St. Andrews and Edinburgh, Scotland.
(216) 15. Eusébio Oscar Scheid, S.C.I., archbishop of São Sebastião do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
(217) 16. Ennio Antonelli, archbishop of Florence, Italy.
(218) 17. Tarcisio Bertone, S.D.B., archbishop of Genoa, Italy.
(219) 18. Peter Kodwo Appiah Turkson, archbishop of Cape Coast, Ghana.
(220) 19. Telesphore Placidus Toppo, archbishop of Ranchi, India.
(221) 20. George Pell, archbishop of Sydney, Australia.
(222) 21. Josip Bozanić, archbishop of Zagreb, Croatia.
(223) 22. Jean-Baptiste Phạm Minh Mẫn, archbishop of Thàn-Phô Hô Chi Minh (Hôchiminh Ville), Việt Nam.
(224) 23. Rodolfo Quezada Toruño, archbishop of Guatemala, Guatemala. + June 4, 2012.
(225) 24. Philippe Barbarin, archbishop of Lyon, France.
(226) 25. Péter Erdö, archbishop of Esztergom-Budapest, primate of Hungary.
(227) 26. Marc Ouellet, P.S.S., archbishop of Québec, Canada.
(228) 27. Georges Marie Martin Cottier, O.P., Switzerland, theologian of the Papal Household, secretary general of the International Theological Commission.
(229) 28. Gustaaf Joos, canon of the cathedral chapter of Gent, Belgium. + November 2, 2004.
(230) 29. Tomáš Špidlík, S.J., Czech Republic. + April 16, 2010.
(231) 30. Stanisław Nagy, S.C.I., Poland. + June 5, 2013.

Note. The pope also created a cardinal and reserved his name in pectore. His name was never published and, therefore, his promotion did not take effect.

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SUMMARY
Pius X (1903-1914) - created 50 cardinals in 7 consistories
Benedict XV (1914-1922) - created 32 cardinals in 5 consistories
Pius XI (1922-1939) - created 76 cardinals in 17 consistories
Pius XII (1939-1958) - created 56 cardinals in 2 consistories
John XXIII (1958-1963) - created 52 cardinals in 5 consistories
Paul VI (1963-1978) - created 143 cardinals in 6 consistories
John Paul I (1978) - did not create any cardinals
John Paul II (1978-2005) - created 231 cardinals in 9 consistories
Total - 640 cardinals

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